List of Finance Ministers of France

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This is a list of French finance ministers, including the equivalent positions of Superintendent of Finances and Controller-General of Finances during the ancien régime.

Superintendents of Finances, 1518–1661[edit]

Superintendent Term start Term end
Jacques de Beaune, lord de Semblançay 1518 1524
Philibert Babou 1524 1544
Jean du Thiers, lord de Beauregard 1544 1546
Claude d'Annebault 1546 1552
André Guillart 1552 1556
Jean d'Avançon 1556 1559
Charles, Cardinal of Lorraine 1559 1560
Artus de Cossé-Brissac and Louis d'Ongnyes, comte de Chaulnes 1561 1567
René de Birague 1568 1570
Pomponne de Bellièvre 1574 1588
François d'O 1588 1594
Maximilien de Béthune, duc de Sully 1598 1611
Pierre Jeannin 1614 1619
Henri de Schomberg, comte de Nanteuil 1619 1622
Charles, marquis de La Vieuville 1623 1624
Jean Bochart de Champigny and Michel de Marillac 1624 1626
Antoine Coëffier de Ruzé, marquis d'Effiat 1626 1632
Claude de Bullion and Claude Bouthillier 1632 1640
Claude Bouthillier 1640 1643
Nicolas de Bailleul and Claude de Mesmes, comte d'Avaux 1643 1647
Michel Particelli d'Emery 1647 1648
Armand-Charles de La Porte, maréchal-duc de La Meilleraye 1648 1649
Michel Particelli d'Emery and Claude de Mesmes, comte d'Avaux 1649 1650
René de Longueil, marquis de Maisons 1650 1651
Charles, duc de La Vieuville 1651 1653
Abel Servien and Nicolas Fouquet 3 February 1653 16 February 1661
Nicolas Fouquet 16 February 1661 4 May 1661

Controllers-General of Finances, 1661–1791[edit]

Controller-General Term start Term end
Jean-Baptiste Colbert 4 May 1661 6 September 1683
Claude Le Pelletier 1683 1689
Louis Phélypeaux, comte de Ponchartrain 20 September 1689 1699
Michel Chamillart 5 September 1699 20 February 1708
Nicolas Desmarets 20 February 1708 15 September 1715
Adrien Maurice, duc de Noailles

(President of the Finances Council)

1 October 1715 28 January 1718
Henri-Jacques Nompar de Caumont, duc de la Force

(vice-President of the Finances Council)

28 January 1718 5 January 1720
Marc-René de Voyer de Paulmy d'Argenson (1652–1721)

(President of the Finances Council)

28 January 1718 5 January 1720
John Law 5 January 1720 28 May 1720
Michel Robert Le Peletier des Forts

(Commissioner of Finance)

28 May 1720 11 December 1720
Félix Le Pelletier de La Houssaye 11 December 1720 21 April 1722
Charles Gaspard Dodun 21 April 1722 14 June 1726
Michel Robert Le Peletier des Forts 14 June 1726 19 March 1730
Philibert Orry 19 March 1730 5 December 1745
Jean-Baptiste de Machault d'Arnouville 6 December 1745 30 July 1754
Jean Moreau de Séchelles 30 July 1754 24 April 1756
François Marie Peyrenc de Moras 24 April 1756 25 August 1757
Jean de Boullonges 25 August 1757 4 March 1759
Étienne de Silhouette 4 March 1759 21 November 1759
Henri Léonard Jean Baptiste Bertin 23 November 1759 14 December 1763
Clément Charles François de Laverdy 14 December 1763 20 September 1768
Étienne Maynon d'Invault 22 September 1768 19 December 1769
Joseph Marie Terray 22 December 1769 24 August 1774
Anne Robert Jacques Turgot 24 August 1774 12 May 1776
Jean Étienne Bernard Ogier de Clugny 21 May 1776 18 October 1776
Louis-Gabriel Taboureau des Réaux 21 October 1776 29 June 1777
Jacques Necker

(Director-General of Finances)

29 June 1777 19 May 1781
Jean-François Joly de Fleury 21 May 1781 29 March 1783
Henri François de Paule Lefèvre d'Ormesson 29 March 1783 1 November 1783
Charles Alexandre de Calonne 3 November 1783 9 April 1787
Michel Bouvard de Fourqueux 10 April 1787 1 May 1787
Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne

(President of the Royal Council of Finances)

1 May 1787 25 August 1788
Jacques Necker

(Director-General of Finances)

26 August 1788 11 July 1789
Louis Charles Auguste Le Tonnelier, baron de Breteuil

(President of the Royal Council of Finances)

13 July 1789 16 July 1789
Jacques Necker

(Director-General of Finances)

16 July 1789 4 September 1790
Charles Claude Guillaume Lambert 4 September 1790 4 December 1790
Claude Antoine Valdec de Lessart 4 December 1790 27 April 1791

Ministers of Finance, 1791–1944[edit]

Minister Term start Term end
Claude Antoine Valdec de Lessart 27 April 1791 29 May 1791
Louis Hardouin Tarbé 29 May 1791 24 March 1792
Étienne Clavière 24 March 1792 13 June 1792
Antoine Duranthon 13 June 1792 18 June 1792
Jules Émile François Hervé de Beaulieu 18 June 1792 29 July 1792
Joseph Delaville-Leroulx 29 July 1792 10 August 1792
Étienne Clavière 10 August 1792 13 June 1793
Louis Grégoire Des Champs des Tournelles 13 June 1793 20 April 1794
none 20 April 1794 8 November 1795
Guillaume-Charles Faipoult 8 November 1795 14 February 1796
Dominique-Vincent Ramel de Nogaret 14 February 1796 20 July 1799
Robert Lindet 20 July 1799 10 November 1799
Martin Michel Charles Gaudin, duc de Gaète 10 November 1799 1 April 1814
Joseph Dominique, baron Louis 3 April 1814 20 March 1815
Martin Michel Charles Gaudin, duc de Gaète 20 March 1815 7 July 1815
Joseph Dominique, baron Louis 9 July 1815 26 September 1815
Louis Emmanuel, comte Corvetto 26 September 1815 7 December 1818
Antoine Roy 7 December 1818 29 December 1818
Joseph Dominique, baron Louis 29 December 1818 19 November 1819
Antoine Roy 19 November 1819 14 December 1821
Jean-Baptiste de Villèle 14 December 1821 4 January 1828
Antoine, comte Roy 4 January 1828 8 August 1829
Christophe, comte de Chabrol de Crouzol 8 August 1829 19 May 1830
Guillaume Isidore, comte de Montbel 19 May 1830 31 July 1830
Joseph Dominique, baron Louis 31 July 1830 2 November 1830
Jacques Laffitte 2 November 1830 13 March 1831
Joseph Dominique, baron Louis 13 March 1831 11 October 1832
Jean-Georges Humann 11 October 1832 10 November 1834
Hippolyte Passy 10 November 1834 18 November 1834
Jean-Georges Humann 18 November 1834 18 January 1836
Antoine, comte d'Argout 18 January 1836 6 September 1836
Charles Marie Tanneguy Duchâtel 6 September 1836 15 April 1837
Jean Pierre Joseph Lacave-Laplagne 15 April 1837 31 March 1839
Jean-Élie Gautier 31 March 1839 12 May 1839
Hippolyte Passy 12 May 1839 1 March 1840
Privat Joseph Claramont, comte Pelet de la Lozère 1 March 1840 29 October 1840
Jean-Georges Humann 29 October 1840 25 April 1842
Jean Pierre Joseph Lacave-Laplagne 25 April 1842 9 May 1847
Pierre Sylvain Dumon 9 May 1847 24 February 1848
Michel Goudchaux 24 February 1848 5 March 1848
Louis Antoine Garnier-Pagès 5 March 1848 11 May 1848
Charles Duclerc 11 May 1848 28 June 1848
Michel Gouchaux 28 June 1848 25 October 1848
Ariste Jacques Trouvé-Chauvel 25 October 1848 20 December 1848
Hippolyte Passy 20 December 1848 31 October 1849
Achille Fould 31 October 1849 24 January 1851
Charles Lebègue, comte de Germiny 24 January 1851 10 April 1851
Achille Fould 10 April 1851 26 October 1851
Antoine Blondel 26 October 1851 23 November 1851
François, comte de Casabianca 23 November 1851 3 December 1851
Achille Fould 3 December 1851 22 January 1852
Jean Bineau 22 January 1852 3 February 1855
Pierre Magne 3 February 1855 26 November 1860
Adolphe Forcade La Roquette 26 November 1860 14 November 1861
Achille Fould 14 November 1861 20 January 1867
Eugène Rouher 20 January 1867 13 November 1867
Pierre Magne 13 November 1867 2 January 1870
Louis Buffet 2 January 1870 14 April 1870
Émile Alexis Segris 14 April 1870 10 August 1870
Pierre Magne 10 August 1870 4 September 1870
Ernest Picard 4 September 1870 19 February 1871
Louis Buffet 19 February 1871 25 February 1871
Augustin Pouver-Quertier 25 February 1871 23 April 1872
Eugène de Goulard 23 April 1872 7 December 1872
Léon Say 7 December 1872 25 May 1873
Pierre Magne 25 May 1873 20 July 1874
Pierre Mathieu-Bodet 20 July 1874 10 March 1875
Léon Say 10 March 1875 17 May 1877
Eugène Caillaux 17 May 1877 23 November 1877
François Dutilleul 23 November 1877 13 December 1877
Léon Say 13 December 1877 28 December 1879
Pierre Magnin 28 December 1879 14 November 1881
François Allain-Targé 14 November 1881 30 January 1882
Léon Say 30 January 1882 7 August 1882
Pierre Tirard 7 August 1882 6 April 1885
Jean Clamageran 6 April 1885 16 April 1885
Marie François Sadi Carnot 16 April 1885 11 December 1886
Albert Dauphin 11 December 1886 30 May 1887
Maurice Rouvier 30 May 1887 12 December 1887
Pierre Tirard 12 December 1887 3 April 1888
Paul Peytral 3 April 1888 22 February 1889
Maurice Rouvier 22 February 1889 12 December 1892
Pierre Tirard 13 December 1892 4 April 1893
Paul Peytral 4 April 1893 3 December 1893
Auguste Burdeau 3 December 1893 30 May 1894
Raymond Poincaré 30 May 1894 26 January 1895
Alexandre Ribot 26 January 1895 1 November 1895
Paul Doumer 1 November 1895 29 April 1896
Georges Cochery 29 April 1896 28 June 1898
Paul Peytral 28 June 1898 22 June 1899
Joseph Caillaux 22 June 1899 7 June 1902
Maurice Rouvier 7 June 1902 17 June 1905
Pierre Merlou 17 June 1905 14 March 1906
Raymond Poincaré 14 March 1906 25 October 1906
Joseph Caillaux 25 October 1906 24 July 1909
Georges Cochery 24 July 1909 3 November 1910
Louis Lucien Klotz 3 November 1910 2 March 1911
Joseph Caillaux 2 March 1911 27 June 1911
Louis Lucien Klotz 27 June 1911 22 March 1913
Charles Dumont 22 March 1913 9 December 1913
Joseph Caillaux 9 December 1913 17 March 1914
René Renoult 17 March 1914 9 June 1914
Étienne Clémentel 9 June 1914 13 June 1914
Joseph Noullens 13 June 1914 26 August 1914
Alexandre Ribot 26 August 1914 20 March 1917
Joseph Thierry 20 March 1917 12 September 1917
Louis Lucien Klotz 12 September 1917 20 January 1920
Frédéric François-Marsal 20 January 1920 16 January 1921
Paul Doumer 16 January 1921 15 January 1922
Charles de Lasteyrie 15 January 1922 29 March 1924
Frédéric François-Marsal 29 March 1924 14 June 1924
Étienne Clementel 14 June 1924 3 April 1925
Anatole de Monzie 3 April 1925 17 April 1925
Joseph Caillaux 17 April 1925 29 October 1925
Paul Painlevé 29 October 1925 28 November 1925
Louis Loucheur 28 November 1925 16 December 1925
Paul Doumer 16 December 1925 9 March 1926
Raoul Péret 9 March 1926 23 June 1926
Joseph Caillaux 23 June 1926 19 July 1926
Anatole de Monzie 19 July 1926 23 July 1926
Raymond Poincaré 23 July 1926 11 November 1928
Henry Chéron 11 November 1928 21 February 1930
Charles Dumont 21 February 1930 2 March 1930
Paul Reynaud 2 March 1930 13 December 1930
Louis Germain-Martin 13 December 1930 27 January 1931
Pierre Étienne Flandin 27 January 1931 3 June 1932
Louis Germain-Martin 3 June 1932 18 December 1932
Henry Chéron 18 December 1932 31 January 1933
Georges Bonnet 31 January 1933 30 January 1934
François Piétri 30 January 1934 4 February 1934
Paul Marchandeau 4 February 1934 9 February 1934
Louis Germain-Martin 9 February 1934 1 June 1935
Joseph Caillaux 1 June 1935 7 June 1935
Marcel Régnier 7 June 1935 4 June 1936
Vincent Auriol 4 June 1936 22 June 1937
Georges Bonnet 22 June 1937 18 January 1938
Paul Marchandeau 18 January 1938 13 March 1938
Léon Blum 13 March 1938 10 April 1938
Paul Marchandeau 10 April 1938 1 November 1938
Paul Reynaud 1 November 1938 21 March 1940
Lucien Lamoureux 21 March 1940 5 June 1940
Yves Bouthillier 5 June 1940 18 April 1942
Pierre Cathala 18 April 1942 19 August 1944

Free French Commissioners of Finance, 1941–1944[edit]

Commissioner Term start Term end
René Pleven 24 September 1941 17 October 1942
André Diethelm 17 October 1942 7 June 1943
Maurice Couve de Murville 7 June 1943 9 November 1943
Pierre Mendès-France 9 November 1943 4 September 1944

Ministers of Finance, 1944–present[edit]

Minister Term start Term end
Aimé Lepercq 4 September 1944 9 November 1944
René Pleven 16 November 1944 26 January 1946
André Philip 26 January 1946 24 June 1946
Robert Schuman 24 June 1946 18 December 1946
André Philip 18 December 1946 22 January 1947
Robert Schuman 22 January 1947 24 November 1947
René Mayer 24 November 1947 26 July 1948
Paul Reynaud 26 July 1948 5 September 1948
Christian Pineau 5 September 1948 11 September 1948
Henri Queuille 11 September 1948 12 January 1949
Maurice Petsche 12 January 1949 11 August 1951
René Mayer 11 August 1951 20 January 1952
Edgar Faure 20 January 1952 8 March 1952
Antoine Pinay 8 March 1952 8 January 1953
Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury 8 January 1953 28 June 1953
Edgar Faure 28 June 1953 20 January 1955
Robert Buron 20 January 1955 23 February 1955
Pierre Pflimlin 23 February 1955 1 February 1956
Robert Lacoste 1 February 1956 14 February 1956
Paul Ramadier 14 February 1956 13 June 1957
Félix Gaillard 13 June 1957 6 November 1957
Pierre Pflimlin 6 November 1957 14 May 1958
Edgar Faure 14 May 1958 1 June 1958
Antoine Pinay 1 June 1958 13 January 1960
Wilfrid Baumgartner 13 January 1960 19 January 1962
Valéry Giscard d'Estaing 19 January 1962 8 January 1966
Michel Debré 8 January 1966 30 May 1968
Maurice Couve de Murville 30 May 1968 10 July 1968
François-Xavier Ortoli 10 July 1968 16 June 1969
Valéry Giscard d'Estaing 16 June 1969 28 May 1974
Jean-Pierre Fourcade 28 May 1974 27 August 1976
Raymond Barre 27 August 1976 5 April 1978
René Monory 5 April 1978 22 May 1981
Jacques Delors 22 May 1981 19 July 1984
Pierre Bérégovoy 19 July 1984 20 March 1986
Édouard Balladur 20 March 1986 12 May 1988
Pierre Bérégovoy 12 May 1988 2 April 1992
Michel Sapin 2 April 1992 29 March 1993
Edmond Alphandéry 29 March 1993 18 May 1995
Alain Madelin 18 May 1995 25 August 1995
Jean Arthuis 25 August 1995 4 June 1997
Dominique Strauss-Kahn 4 June 1997 2 November 1999
Christian Sautter 2 November 1999 28 March 2000
Laurent Fabius 28 March 2000 7 May 2002
Francis Mer 7 May 2002 31 March 2004
Nicolas Sarkozy 31 March 2004 28 November 2004
Hervé Gaymard 30 November 2004 25 February 2005
Thierry Breton 25 February 2005 18 May 2007
Jean-Louis Borloo 18 May 2007 19 June 2007
Christine Lagarde 19 June 2007 29 June 2011
François Baroin 29 June 2011 15 May 2012
Pierre Moscovici 16 May 2012 31 March 2014
Michel Sapin 2 April 2014

See also[edit]