List of Finnish locomotives

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This is a list of locomotives and multiple units that have been used in Finland. VR Group (privatised in 1995, previously Valtionrautatiet, Finnish state railways) has a monopoly on passenger traffic and is currently the only freight operator on the Finnish rail network. Some trainsets are however owned by other companies such as Pääkaupunkiseudun Junakalusto Oy (fi) or Karelian Trains.

Electric locomotives[edit]

Image Class In service Numbers
VR Class Sv1 1980–1984 3201[note 1]
VR Sr1 3095.JPG VR Class Sr1 1973– 3001–3112
Kupittaa railway station, track one.jpg VR Class Sr2 1995– 3201–3246
  1. ^ Modified from Dv12 2501.

Diesel locomotives[edit]

Image Class In service Numbers
Lightweight (axle load 8.1-11.1 t)
Tve1 hpk.jpg VR Class Tve1 1958–1963 406-436
Tve5-kok-1.jpg VR Class Tve5 1978–1979 601-610
Midweight (axle load 11.1–14 t)
Tve2 Hy.jpg VR Class Tve2 (OTSO2) 1962–1964 441-448
Vv13 hpk.jpg VR Class Tve3 1950–1960 451-487, 491-495
VR Class Sv11 1953–1964 1725 (later 1703)
VR Class Vv12 1953–1965 1700–1702
Dv11 1805 Toijala.jpg VR Class Dv11[note 1] 1958–1986 1804–1819
VR Dv12 locomotive in Tornio Feb2009 001.jpg VR Class Dv12[note 2] 1963– 2501-2568
2601-2664
2701-2760
VR-2010-Tamp.jpg VR Class Dv15[note 3] 1958–2004 1955–2012
VR Dv16 Locomotive.jpg VR Class Dv16[note 4] 1962–2008 1962–1963
Heavy (axle load 14 t and up)
Tve4 507.jpg VR Class Tve4 1978–1983 501-540
Hr11 1953.jpg VR Class Hr11 1955–1972 1950–1954
Dr12 2216 Rm.jpg VR Class Dr12[note 5] 1959–1980s 2200–2241
Hr13 dr13 2304.jpg VR Class Dr13[note 6] 1962–1990s 2301–2354
VR Dr14 locomotive in Tampere Apr2009 002.jpg VR Class Dr14 1969– 1851–1874
VR Class Dr15 1980 2439[note 7]
Dr16 2805 Kolari.JPG VR Class Dr16 1986– 2801–2823
  1. ^ The Dv11 was known as the Vr11 until 1976.
  2. ^ The Dv12 was known as the Sv12 until 1976, except for units of the 2700 series, which were called Sr12.
  3. ^ The Dv15 was known as the Vv15 until 1976.
  4. ^ The Dv16 was known as the Vv16 until 1976.
  5. ^ The Dr12 was known as the Hr12 until 1976.
  6. ^ The Dr13 was known as the Hr13 until 1976.
  7. ^ Dr15 2439 was modified in 1980 from Dr12 2239.

Petrol-Paraffin locomotives[edit]

Image Class Number Type Manufacturer Wheel arrangement Built Notes
VR Class Vk11 101, 102 Petrol-paraffin locomotive Ab Slipmaterial, Västervik, and Lokomo B 1930, 1936 101 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum

Petrol-Paraffin locomotive references[edit]

Data from:

  • Finnish Railway Museum official website[1]

Steam locomotives[edit]

Image Class In Service Numbers Type Manufacturer Wheel arrangement Notes (including nickname)
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class A1 1860- 1-6 Passenger Steam Locomotive 4-4-0
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class A2 1866- 7-8 Passenger Steam Locomotive 4-4-0
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class A3 1869- 11-20, 44-47, 178-182, 222-227 Passenger Steam Locomotive Dubs and Company 4-4-0
BaldwinHH.jpg Finnish Steam Locomotive Class A4 1872-1918 63-71 Passenger Steam Locomotive Baldwin Locomotive Works 4-4-0 Website about the Hanko–Hyvinkää 4-4-0
Finland A5 1.JPG Finnish Steam Locomotive Class A5 1874- 1927 57-58 Passenger Steam Locomotive Helsingfors / VRHki Valtionrautatiet, Helsingin konepaja 4-4-0 “Lankkihattu”; No 58 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class A6 1874- 59-61, 90-99 Passenger Steam Locomotive 4-4-0
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class A7 1898- 228-231 Passenger Steam Locomotive 4-4-0
Finland Beyer1.JPG Finnish Steam Locomotive Class B1 1868-1928 9-10, 53-56, 150-151 Shunter Steam Locomotive Beyer Peacock 0-4-2ST “Ram”, No 9 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum. The oldest preserved locomotive in Finland.
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class B2 1880- 100 Shunter Steam Locomotive Beyer Peacock 0-4-2ST
Loco21.jpg Finnish Steam Locomotive Class C1 1869-1926 21-30 Freight Steam Locomotive Neilson and Company No 1427 0-6-0 “Bristollari”, No 21 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum. The second oldest preserved locomotive in Finland.
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class C2 1869-? 31-43, 48-52 Freight Steam Locomotive Avonside Engine Company, Bristol 0-6-0 “Bristollari”
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class C3 1872-? 74-75 Freight Steam Locomotive 0-6-0
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class C4 1875-? 62, 78-89 Freight Steam Locomotive 0-6-0
Finland Hannoversche2.JPG Finnish Steam Locomotive Class C5 1881-1930 101-114 Freight Steam locomotive Hannoversche Maschinenbau AG, Hannover No 1477 0-6-0 “Bliksti”, No 110 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class C6 100 Freight Steam Locomotive 0-6-0
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class D1 72-73 2-4-0
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class E1 1875-? 76-77 0-4-0WT
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class R2 74-75 2-6-2WT
Forney044.jpg Finnish Steam Locomotive Class F1 1885-1935 63-64, 115-116,132-133 Passenger Steam Locomotive Swiss Locomotive and Machine Works Societe Suisse No 434 0-4-4 RT “Felix”, No 132 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class F2 1899-? 65 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-4-2RT
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class M1 1913-? 66 Tampella 2-8-0T
Locomotive 293.jpg VR Class Hk1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class H1 & H2)
232-241,291-300,322-333 Mixed Traffic Steam Locomotive Baldwin Locomotive Works built 232-241, Richmond Locomotive Works built 291-300, 322-333 4-6-0 “Big-Wheel Kaanari”, No 293 preserved at the Finland Station, St.Petersburg, Russia
VR Class Hk2
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class H3)
437-446,448-451 Mixed Traffic Steam Locomotive 4-6-0
VR Class Hk3
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Classes H3, H4 & H5)
447,452-453,471-486 Mixed Traffic Steam Locomotive 4-6-0
Hk5-497.jpg VR Class Hk5
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class H6)
439-515 Mixed Traffic Steam Locomotive 4-6-0 No. 497 is preserved at Haapamäki
Ukkopekka.jpg VR Class Hr1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class P1)
1937-1971 1000-1021 Passenger Steam Locomotive Lokomo Oy and Tampella Oy 4-6-2 “Ukko-Pekka”;
VR Class Hr2
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class H11)
1942-1953 1900-1906 Passenger Steam Locomotive Nohab 4-6-0 “Hurricane”;
VR Class Hr3
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class H11)
1942-1953 1907-1919 Passenger Steam Locomotive Nohab 4-6-0 “Hurricane”;
Finnish460.jpg VR Class Hv1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class H8)
1915-1967 545-578,648-655 Passenger Steam Locomotive Tampella, Tampereen Pellava- ja Rautateollisuus Oy ; Lokomo Oy 4-6-0 "Heikki", Hv1 555 only was nicknamed "Princess"; No 555 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
Hv2 Helsinki 1960.jpg VR Class Hv2
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class H8)
1919- 579-593,671-684,777-780 Passenger Steam Locomotive L. Schwartzkopff and Lokomo 4-6-0 “Heikki”, No 680 is preserved at Haapamäki
Hv3 Locomotive number 781 Vanha veturi H3794 C.jpg VR Class Hv3
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class H9)
1921- 638-647,781-785,991-999 Passenger Steam Locomotive Tampella, Tampereen Pellava- ja Rautateollisuus Oy; L. Schwartzkopff and Lokomo 4-6-0 “Heikki”, The following are preserved No 781 Kerava, No 995 Suolahti, No 998 Haapamäki Detailed drawings of a VR Class Hv3
VR Class Hv4
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class H7)
1912- 516-529,742-751,757-760 Passenger Steam Locomotive Lokomo Oy and Tampella Oy 4-6-0 “Pikku-Heikki”,Nos 742 & 751 are preserved Haapamäki
Kerava train station 1950s.png VR Class Pr1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class N1)
1924-1972 761-776 Local Passenger Steam Locomotive Hannoversche Maschinenbau AG ; Tampella Tampereen Pellava- ja Rautateollisuus Oy, Lokomo Oy 2-8-2T “Paikku”, No 776 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
Pr2 1800 (2'C2'h2).jpg VR Class Pr2 1942-1960 1800-1803 Local Passenger Steam Locomotive Henschel & Son 4-6-4T "Henschel" No 1800 preserved at Haapamäki
RRO 2.JPG VR Class Rro 1914-? 1-2 Tampella Tampereen Pellava- ja Rautateollisuus Oy 0-4-0T No. 2 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
Finland SocieteSuisse1.JPG VR Class Sk1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Classes G1, G2 & G4)
1885- 117-131,134-149,152-172,183-190 Mixed Traffic Steam Locomotive Swiss Locomotive and Machine Works Societe Suisse No 405 2-6-0 “Little Brown”; No 124 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
VR 2-6-0 No.315.jpg VR Class Sk2
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Classes G1, G6 & G9)
1896- 196-213,314-321,360-372 Mixed Traffic Steam Locomotive Tampella 2-6-0 No 315 is preserved at Tampere, Tampella
Finland Sk3 1.JPG VR Class Sk3
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Classes G3, G5, G10 & G11)
1903- 173-177,191-195,214-221,334-359,373-406,427-436 Mixed Traffic Locomotive Tampella Tammerfors Linne-&Jern-Manufakt.A.B. No 49 2-6-0, “Grandmother”; No 400 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
VR Class Sk4
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class G7)
242-253,306-313 Mixed Traffic Steam Locomotive 2-6-0 "Little-Wheel Kaanari"
VR Class Sk5
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class G12)
66-67 Mixed Traffic Steam Locomotive 2-6-0
VR Class Sk6
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class G8)
254-270 Mixed Traffic Steam Locomotive Richmond Locomotive Works| 2-6-0 “Riksmont”
VR Class Tk1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class K1)
271-290 2-8-0 “Amerikan Satikka”
Tk2-419.jpg VR Class Tk2
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class K2)
407-426, 457-470 2-8-0 “Satikka”, The following are preserved 407 Närpes, 418 Junction City, Oregon, USA, 419 Haapamäki
Грузовой паровоз ТкЗ 1105 (3).jpg VR Class Tk3
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class K5)
1943-1975 800-899,1100-1118,1129-1170 Freight Steam Locomotive Tampella, Lokomo and Frichs 2-8-0 “The Little Jumbo”
Tr1 Toijala.jpg VR Class Tr1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class R1)
1940-1975 1030-1096 Freight Steam Locomotive Tampella, Tampere / Lokomo, Tampere / Arnold Jung Lokomotivfabrik GmbH, Jungenthal 2-8-2 “Risto”, 1033 and 1096 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
Tr2Locomotive.jpeg VR Class Tr2 1946-1969 1300-1319 ALCO, Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-10-0 Nicknamed “Truman”. Similar to Russian locomotive class Ye. No 1319 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
Tv1 609 Haapamäki 02.08.11.JPG VR Class Tv1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class K3)
594-617,685-741,900-948,1200-1211 Tampella, 2-8-0 “Jumbo”,The following are preserved no. 609 Haapamäki, no. 933 veturimuseo at Toijala, no 940 Lapinlahti, and no 943 Ylivieska, No 618 is preserved at Haapamäki
VR Class Tv2
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class K4)
618-637 2-8-0 “Wilson”
Baldwin264.jpg VR Class Vk1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class I1)
1900- 301-305 Local Passenger Steam Locomotive Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-6-4T “Amerikan”, “Iita”
VR Class Vk2
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class I2)
454-455 Local Passenger Steam Locomotive 2-6-4T “Iita”
Kauklahti 1920.jpg VR Class Vk3
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class I3)
1906-1964 456, 487-492 Local Passenger Steam Locomotive Tampella, Tampereen Pellava- ja Rautateollisuus Oy 2-6-4 T “Iita”, No 489 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
Borsig-Leena.jpg VR Class Vk4 1910-1967 68 Light Replacement Steam Locomotive Borsig Lokomotiv Werke (AEG) 0-4-0T "Leena", Oldest working broad gauge locomotive in Finland. No 68 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
VR Class Vk5 72-75
VR Class Vk6 70-71
Veturi vr1 Salo.jpg VR Class Vr1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class L1)
1913-1975 530-544,656-670,787-799 Shunter Steam Locomotive Hannoversche Maschinenbau AG, No 10264 0-6-0T “Hen”, No 669 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
Bf Haapamäki, Vr2 953 (C1'h2).jpg VR Class Vr2
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class D1)
950-965 Steam Locomotive 0-6-2T "Duck", The following are preserved in Finland No 950 Joensuu, 951 Tuuri, 953 Haapamäki, 961 Jyväskylä, 964 Veturimuseo at Toijala
Vr3kukko.jpg VR Class Vr3
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class O1)
1924-1975 752-756 Steam Locomotive 0-10-0T "Rooster" / 'Cockerel", No 755 stored at the Finnish Railway Museum
VR Class Vr4 1400-1423 0-6-0T
Kalkkuna1422.png VR Class Vr5 1400-1423 Vulcan Iron Works 0-6-2T "Turkey", No 1422 is preserved at Haapamäki.

Steam locomotive references[edit]

Data from:

  • Finnish Railway Museum official website[2]
  • Finnish website with locomotive technical data[3]

Electric multiple units[edit]

Image Class In service Numbers
Sm 1 Kannelmäki.jpg VR Class Sm1 1968– 6001+6201 – 6050+6250
M-juna Pasilassa 220808.jpg VR Class Sm2 1975– 6051+6251 – 6100+6300
Green Sm3 at Jyväskylä.jpg VR Class Sm3 1995– 7x01–7x18
VR Sm4 6422 Helsinki.JPG VR Class Sm4 1999– 6301+6401 – 6330+6430
Sm5 Leppävaara.jpg JKOY Class Sm5 2009–
Sm6 Allegro at Lahti.jpg Karelian Trains Class Sm6 2010– 7x51–7x54

Diesel multiple units[edit]

Image Class In service Numbers
VR Class Ds1 1928–1955 1, 4 and 5
VR Class Dm1 & Dm2 1935–1961 13–19
Dm4 1.jpg VR Class Dm3 & Dm4 1952–1971 1500–1509 (Dm3)
1600–1623 (Dm4)[note 1]
Lättähattu (Dm7), Naantalin rata, Naantali, 1.8.2010 (4).JPG VR Class Dm6 & Dm7 1954–1988 4000–4014 (Dm6)
4020–4216 (Dm7)
Hyvinkää knp - Psl 050.jpg VR Class Dm8 1964–1986 5001–5012
Dm9 Porkkana.jpg VR Class Dm9 1965–1990 5101–5124
VR Dm10 class 4301.jpg VR Class Dm10 1994–1997 4301
VR Class Dm11 1997 4401–4406[note 2]
VR4407Dm12Joensuussa2007.jpg VR Class Dm12 2005– 4401–4416
  1. ^ The nine Dm3:s were upgraded to Dm4:s number 1614–1623 between 1956 and 1958.
  2. ^ The numbers of the Dm11 class were reused on Dm12 class units.

See also[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Eonsuu, Tapio; Honkanen, Pekka; Kilpinen, Tapani; Pölhö, Eljas (1975). Suomen veturit 1 osa. Valtionrautateiden höyryveturit. Frank Stenvalls Förlag. ISBN 91-7266-021-X. 
  • Eonsuu, Tapio; Honkanen, Pekka; Pölhö, Eljas (1995). Suomen veturit osa 2. Moottorikalusto. Elokuvan Maailma. ISBN 952-5060-02-0. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 60°37′35″N 024°51′02″E / 60.62639°N 24.85056°E / 60.62639; 24.85056