List of Florida hurricanes (2000–present)

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Hurricane Charley hitting Florida near Port Charlotte as a Category 4 hurricane, the strongest hurricane to hit the United States since Hurricane Andrew

The list of Florida hurricanes from 2000 to the present has been marked by several devastating North Atlantic hurricanes; as of 2013, 63 tropical or subtropical cyclones have affected the U.S. state of Florida. Collectively, cyclones in Florida during the time period resulted in more than $64 billion in damage (2008 USD). Additionally, tropical cyclones in Florida were responsible for 69 direct fatalities and at least 82 indirect casualties during the period. Eight cyclones affected the state in both 2003 and 2005, which were the years with the most tropical cyclones affecting the state. Every year included at least one tropical cyclone affecting the state. During the 2004 season, more than one out of every five houses in the state received damage.[1]

The strongest hurricane to hit the state during the time period was Hurricane Charley, which was the strongest hurricane to strike the United States since Hurricane Andrew. Additionally, Hurricanes Jeanne, Dennis, and Wilma made landfall on the state as major hurricanes.

2000[edit]

A forecast map of Hurricane Debby, projecting its landfall in Florida
  • August 23, 2000 – The National Hurricane Center forecasts Hurricane Debby to pass through the Florida Keys as a Category 2 hurricane, with one computer model predicting a Category 4 hurricane in the area.[2] This results in officials declaring a mandatory evacuation for all non-residents in the keys, causing a significant loss of tourism revenue for Monroe County. Debby dissipates before hitting the area, though its remnants produce heavy rainfall across southern Florida.[3]
  • September 9, 2000 – Moisture from Tropical Depression Nine produce light rainfall in the western Florida Panhandle.[4]
  • September 18, 2000 – Tropical Storm Gordon makes landfall on Cedar Key, dropping up to 9.48 inches (240 mm) of rainfall in Mayo.[5] Hundreds of homes are damaged from floodwaters or fallen trees, and damage in the state amounts to at least $5.1 million (2000 USD, $6.4 million 2008 USD).[6] A surfer drowns in rough seas near Pensacola.[7]
  • September 22, 2000 – Tropical Storm Helene hits near Pensacola, damaging hundreds of homes from floodwaters. Monetary damage totals over $1 million (2000 USD, $1.3 million 2008 USD).[8]
  • October 3, 2000 – The precursor disturbance to Tropical Storm Leslie produces 10—20 inches (255–510 mm) of rainfall across southeastern Florida, flooding about 93,000 houses. The flooding causes $950 million in damage (2000 USD, $1.2 billion 2008 USD),[9] along with three indirect deaths.[10]

2001[edit]

Flood damage from Tropical Storm Gabrielle
  • June 12, 2001 – Subtropical Depression Allison moves through Alabama and Georgia, with its outer rainbands producing up to 10.1 inches (357 mm) of rain at the Tallahassee Regional Airport.[11] The rainfall destroys 10 homes and damages 599 others,[12] with monetary damage totaling $20 million (2001 USD, $24 million 2008 USD).[11] Eight people die in the state,[13] five of which due to rip currents.[14]
  • August 6, 2001 – After meandering for several days in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, Tropical Storm Barry makes landfall at Santa Rosa Beach, producing heavy rainfall across much of Florida which peaks at 11.7 inches (297 mm) in Stuart.[5] The storm kills two in the state and leaves $1.5 million in damage (2001 USD, $1.8 million 2008 USD).[15][16]
  • September 14, 2001 – Tropical Storm Gabrielle hits Venice, dropping moderate to heavy rainfall including a peak total of 15.1 inches (384 mm) in Parrish.[5] The combination of flooding from rainfall and gusty winds causes $230 million in damage (2001 USD) and one direct death, and high waves from the storm indirectly kills a person in the Florida Keys.[17]
  • November 5, 2001 – Hurricane Michelle passes to the south of the state, dropping up to 4.99 inches (127 mm) of rainfall.[5] The hurricane spawns two tornadoes, resulting in minor damage.[18]

2002[edit]

Tropical Storm Edouard seen by Hurricane Hunters

2003[edit]

Tropical Storm Henri shortly before landfall

2004[edit]

President George W. Bush, aboard Marine One, surveys hurricane damage from Hurricane Charley at a mobile home park in Fort Myers
  • August 12, 2004 – Tropical Storm Bonnie moves ashore on Saint Vincent Island, producing light rainfall and minor damage along its path.[36]
  • August 13, 2004 – Hurricane Charley makes landfall on Cayo Costa with winds of 150 mph (240 km/h) and hours later hits the mainland portion of the state at Punta Gorda, becoming the strongest hurricane to hit the United States since Hurricane Andrew in 1992. The winds damage or destroy thousands of homes, knock down tens of thousands of trees, and leave more than 2 million Floridians without power. Charley results in eight direct fatalities, 20 indirect casualties, and 792 reported injuries. Throughout the state, damage is estimated at $13.5 billion (2004 USD, $15.4 billion 2008 USD), at the time the second costliest hurricane in United States history; it has since dropped to fifth.[5][37][38]
  • September 5, 2004 – Hurricane Frances strikes the southern end of Hutchinson Island as a slow-moving Category 2 hurricane, producing heavy rainfall peaking at 15.84 inches (402 mm) at High Springs. The hurricane damages 15,000 homes and 2,400 businesses in Palm Beach County alone, with damage across the state totaling $8.32 billion (2004 USD, $9.5 billion 2008 USD). Hurricane Frances kills five people directly in the state and is indirectly responsible for 32 deaths.[39]
  • September 16, 2004 – Hurricane Ivan strikes Orange Beach, Alabama as a major hurricane, with its large and powerful circulation producing peak wind gusts of 107 mph (173 km/h) in Pensacola. The winds down more than 125,000 ft³ (3,540 m³) at a forest near Pensacola, while strong waves and a 10–15 foot (3—4.5 m) storm surge severely damages the Interstate 10 bridge in Pensacola. Throughout the state damage totals $8 billion (2004 USD, $9.1 billion 2008 USD), and 14 people die in the state from the hurricane. The remnants of Ivan later cross over the southern portion of the state on September 21 after looping southward, and ultimately reform in the Gulf of Mexico on September 23.[40]
  • September 25, 2004 – Hurricane Jeanne hits the southern portion of the state very near where Frances struck three weeks prior, producing moderate winds and rainfall reaching 11.97 inches (304 mm) at Kenansville. Jeanne produces hurricane force winds across an area previously affected by one or two other hurricanes,[41] causing about $3.5 billion in damage (2004 USD, $4 billion 2008 USD).[42] The passage of Hurricane Jeanne results in three deaths; two due to winds and one from flooding.[41]
  • October 10, 2004 – Tropical Storm Matthew hits southern Louisiana, with its outer rainbands producing light rainfall across the western portion of Florida.[43]

2005[edit]

A beachfront home in Navarre Beach, Florida largely destroyed by Hurricane Dennis
  • June 11, 2005 – Tropical Storm Arlene strikes just west of Pensacola, bringing moderate precipitation throughout the state[44] and causing breaches on barrier islands on the Florida Panhandle. Damage totals over $3.5 million (2005 USD, $4 million 2008 USD),[45] and one person dies in Miami Beach from rip currents caused by the storm.[44]
  • July 6, 2005 – Hurricane Cindy hits south-central Louisiana, with its large circulation resulting in moderate beach erosion and fallen trees along the western Florida Panhandle; damage is minor.[46]
  • July 10, 2005 – Hurricane Dennis makes landfall just west of Navarre Beach as a major hurricane, producing moderate rainfall and 9 tornadoes throughout the state. 2 people drown in the Gulf of Mexico, and the hurricane was indirectly responsible for twelve other fatalities.[47] Damage in the state totals about $1.5 billion (2005 USD, $1.65 billion 2008 USD).[48]
  • August 25, 2005 – Hurricane Katrina makes landfall near the Broward/Miami-Dade County border, producing gusty winds and heavy rainfall peaking at 16.33 inches (415 mm) in Perrine. Damage amounts to $523 million (2005 USD, $577 million 2008 USD) in the southern portion of the state, and twelve people die in southern Florida; three from drowning, three from falling trees, and six from indirect causes.[49] Minor damage is reported along the Florida Panhandle from its landfall in Mississippi.[50] Katrina was only a Category 1 at the time.
  • September 12, 2005 – High surf from Hurricane Ophelia kills a surfer in Palm Beach County.[51]
  • September 20, 2005 – Hurricane Rita passes south of the Florida Keys, producing a 5 foot (1.5 m) storm surge which affects up to 200 residencies and severely injures a bicyclist.[52]
  • October 5, 2005 – Tropical Storm Tammy hits near Atlantic Beach, resulting in moderate rainfall and light damage.[53]
  • October 24, 2005 – Hurricane Wilma makes landfall near Cape Romano as a major hurricane, producing hurricane force winds and moderate precipitation across much of southern portion of the state. The winds of the hurricane leave 98% of South Florida without power. The passage of Wilma results in hundreds of damaged or destroyed homes, with damage reaching $20.6 billion (2005 USD, $22.7 billion 2008 USD), the fourth costliest tropical cyclone in United States history. Five people die in the state as a result of the hurricane.[54]

2006[edit]

Storm surge flooding from Tropical Storm Alberto at Horseshoe Beach, Florida.

2007[edit]

  • May 9, 2007 – Subtropical Storm Andrea forms to the northeast of the state, and produces strong waves that cause severe beach erosion in some locations.[57]
  • June 2, 2007 – Tropical Storm Barry makes landfall near Tampa Bay as a disorganized tropical cyclone, and drops moderate precipitation across the drought-ridden state that peaks at 6.99 inches (178 mm) in Palm Beach.[58] The rainfall causes slick roads, leading to two indirect traffic casualties. Damage in the state is minor.[59]
  • August 23, 2007 – Rip currents from Hurricane Dean kill one person at Siesta Key.[60]
  • September 13, 2007 – The remnants of Hurricane Humberto drop light rainfall on the western Florida Panhandle.[61]
Beach erosion from Hurricane Noel

2008[edit]

2009[edit]

Conditions at Pensacola Beach, Florida on November 9, 2009 during the passage of Ida

2010[edit]

2011[edit]

  • July 17, 2011 – Tropical Storm Bret forms just off the East Coast, generating rough surf up to 7 feet (2.1 m) offshore as well as several rescues and minor injuries. Several waterspouts are also reported near the coast.
  • August 25–26, 2011 – Hurricane Irene passes about 150–200 miles (240–320 km) to the east as a major hurricane generating rough surf up to 12 feet (3.7 m) offshore which kills two people off the East Coast injuring several others, on-and-off rainfall of up to 3 inches (76 mm) from its large circulation and gusts of up to 40 mph (65 km/h) which cause very minor wind damage and isolated power outages near the coast.
  • September 3–5, 2011 – Tropical Storm Lee makes landfall in Central Louisiana and rides east through Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia with its large circulation dumping up to 7 inches (180 mm) of rainfall causing flash flooding, winds gusting up to 50 mph (75 km/h) and a few weak tornadoes as well in northwestern Florida. Some light damage such as downed tree limbs and scattered power outages were also reported. Rough surf was reported along much of the Gulf Coast from Pensacola to Fort Myers as well as a large chunk of the East Coast from Jacksonville down to the Vero Beach area.

2012[edit]

  • May 28-May 30 – Tropical Storm Beryl made landfall in Jacksonville Beach, Florida with winds of 70 mph (110 km/h). However, as it went further inland, the storm weakened into a tropical depression, but still bringing heavy rain to Florida, the Alabama border, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina. So far, the storm has killed 4 people and 2 people are currently missing. It has been said that 4 people have died and 2 people are missing when the storm hit Florida.
  • June 23–27 - Tropical Storm Debby made landfall near Steinhatchee, Florida with winds of around 40 mph. Record-breaking inland/river flooding had occurred throughout North Florida and the system's outer bands also helped spawn an unusually widespread tornado outbreak for South Florida. One tornado killed a woman in Lake Placid. Widespread rainfall amounts of 1 to 2 feet fell in the Florida Panhandle, isolated amounts of up to around 29 inches was recorded in Wakulla County. A total of 7 deaths were confirmed in Florida with damage amounting up to $42.5 million USD 2012.
  • August 25–29 - Hurricane Isaac passed just to the SW of Key West, Florida on August 25 with winds of up to 65 mph.
  • October 25–27 - Hurricane Sandy passed to the east of the state producing tropical storm force winds with heavy surf along the Atlantic coast and moderate rain in the peninsula.

2013[edit]

  • June 5–6 - Tropical Storm Andrea, with sustained winds of 60 miles per hour, brought heavy rains and wind gusts up to 48 miles per hour in the central part of the state, including the Tampa and Miami areas.[84] Andrea is believed to have produced at least one tornado in West Palm Beach.[85]

Monthly statistics[edit]

Number of recorded storms affecting Florida
Month Number of storms
April
1
May
2
June
7
July
8
August
15
September
17
October
8
November
2
December
1

Deadly storms[edit]

The following is a list of hurricanes with known deaths in the state.

Name Year Number of deaths
Ivan 2004 14
Charley 2004 8 (20 indirect)
Allison 2001 8
Katrina 2005 6 (6 indirect)
Frances 2004 5 (32 indirect)
Wilma 2005 5
Beryl 2012 4
Gustav 2008 4
Hanna 2002 3
Jeanne 2004 3
Dennis 2005 2 (12 indirect)
Barry 2001 2
Ana 2003 2
Bill 2003 2
Claudette 2009 2
Fay 2008 1 (8 indirect)
Barry 2007 1 (2 indirect)
Gabrielle 2001 1 (1 indirect)
Gordon 2000 1
Bertha 2002 1
Isabel 2003 1
Arlene 2005 1
Ophelia 2005 1
Dean 2007 1
Dolly 2008 1
Bill 2009 1
Irene 2011 1
Leslie 2000 0 (3 indirect)
Hanna 2008 0 (3 indirect)
TD Five 2010 0 (2 indirect)
Claudette 2003 0 (1 indirect)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Jack Beven (2000). "Hurricane Debby Discussion Fifteen". NHC. Retrieved December 20, 2006. 
  3. ^ Richard J. Pasch (2000). "Hurricane Debby Tropical Cyclone Report". NHC. Retrieved December 20, 2006. 
  4. ^ David Roth (2005). "Rainfall Summary for Tropical Depression Nine (2000)". Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. Retrieved December 20, 2006. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Roth, David M; Hydrometeorological Prediction Center (November 16, 2012). "Tropical Cyclone Rainfall Point Maxima". Tropical Cyclone Point Maxima. United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. Retrieved December 7, 2012. 
  6. ^ NCDC (2000). "Event Report for Hurricane Gordon". Retrieved December 20, 2006. 
  7. ^ Stacy Stewart (2000). "Hurricane Gordon Tropical Cyclone Report". NHC. Retrieved December 20, 2006. 
  8. ^ NCDC (2000). "Event Report for Tropical Storm Helene". Retrieved December 20, 2006. 
  9. ^ NCDC (2000). "Event Report for Leslie". Retrieved December 20, 2006. 
  10. ^ James L. Franklin and Daniel P. Brown (2000). "Tropical Storm Leslie Tropical Cyclone Report". NHC. Retrieved December 20, 2006. 
  11. ^ a b National Climatic Data Center (2001). "Event Report for Florida (3)". Retrieved December 21, 2006. 
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  14. ^ National Climatic Data Center (2001). "Event Report for Florida (2)". Retrieved December 21, 2006. 
  15. ^ Jack Beven (2001). "Tropical Storm Barry Tropical Cyclone Report". NHC. Retrieved December 21, 2006. 
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  18. ^ NCDC (2001). "Event Report for Hurricane Michelle". Retrieved December 21, 2006. 
  19. ^ Jack Beven (2002). "Tropical Storm Bertha Tropical Cyclone Report". NHC. Retrieved December 21, 2006. 
  20. ^ Richard Pasch (2002). "Tropical Storm Edouard Tropical Cyclone Report". NHC. Retrieved December 21, 2006. 
  21. ^ James L. Franklin and Jamie R. Rhome (2002). "Tropical Storm Hanna Tropical Cyclone Report". NHC. Retrieved December 21, 2006. 
  22. ^ Lixion Avila (2002). "Hurricane Isidore Tropical Cyclone Report". NHC. Retrieved December 21, 2006. 
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  31. ^ David Roth (2005). "Rainfall Summary for Tropical Depression Seven (2003)". Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. Retrieved December 30, 2006. 
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  40. ^ Stacy R. Stewart (2004). "Hurricane Ivan Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved February 5, 2007. 
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  43. ^ David Roth (2005). "Tropical Storm Matthew Rainfall Summary". Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. Retrieved February 5, 2007. 
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  55. ^ Lixion A. Avila and Daniel P. Brown (2006). "Tropical Storm Alberto Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). NHC. Retrieved December 21, 2006. 
  56. ^ Richard D. Knabb and Michelle Mainelli (2006). "Hurricane Ernesto Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). NHC. Retrieved December 21, 2006. 
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  61. ^ David M. Roth (2007). "Rainfall Summary for Hurricane Humberto (2007)". Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. Retrieved September 30, 2007. 
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  66. ^ David Roth (2007). "Rainfall Summary for Tropical Storm Olga". Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. Retrieved December 28, 2007. 
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  83. ^ Christopher O'Donnell (August 14, 2010). "Deaths show secluded beaches carry some risk". Herald Tribune. Retrieved August 16, 2010. 
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