List of Formula One circuits
Formula One, abbreviated to F1, is the highest class of open-wheeled auto racing defined by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's world governing body. The "formula" in the name refers to a set of rules to which all participants and vehicles must conform. The F1 World Championship season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, usually held on purpose-built circuits, and in a few cases on closed city streets. The results of each race are combined to determine two annual Championships, one for drivers and one for constructors.
The first World Championship Grand Prix was held in 1950 at Silverstone; since then 69 circuits have hosted a Grand Prix. Circuits such as the Nürburgring have hosted Grands Prix using different configurations. The first race at the Nürburgring used the 22.835 km (14.189 mi) configuration, but concerns over safety meant that more recent Grands Prix have used a shorter, safer circuit. F1 circuits were predominately in Europe during the early years of the championship, as the sport has expanded so has the location of its circuits. The expansion into Asia and America has been a recent occurrence. Of the 20 circuits that hosted a Grand Prix in 2012, nearly half were not on the calendar before 1999.
The Autodromo Nazionale Monza has hosted the most Grands Prix; it has been used as the circuit for the Italian Grand Prix 62 times. The only season it did not host a race was in 1980, when the Italian Grand Prix was held at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari. The Circuit of the Americas became the 69th circuit to host a Grand Prix, when it held the United States Grand Prix in 2012. The longest circuit to have hosted a Grand Prix is the Pescara Circuit, which hosted the 1957 Pescara Grand Prix. The 25.800 km (16.031 mi) long circuit in Pescara, Italy, held the annual Coppa Acerbo race; in 1957 it was included as part of the World Championship, a race which Stirling Moss won.
As some circuits have hosted Grands Prix using different configurations, the most recent configuration used is listed in the table below.
|Circuit is scheduled to host or has hosted a Grand Prix in the 2013 season|
- The "Map" column shows a diagram of the circuit configuration
- The "Type" column refers to the type of circuit. Therefore Street is a circuit held on closed city streets, Road refers to a mixture of public roads and a permanent track and Race is a permanent facility.
Three new circuits are proposed to be used in Formula One in the near future. The Port Imperial Street Circuit is scheduled to hold the Grand Prix of America in 2014, in streets around Hudson County, New Jersey. Formula One is scheduled to host a Grand Prix at the Sochi International Street Circuit, in Sochi, Russia. The circuit will host the Russian Grand Prix in 2014, although this could be pushed back a year if the International Olympic Committee believes preparations for the race will affect those for the 2014 Winter Olympics. The Thai Grand Prix will join the calendar in 2015, with race scheduled to be run on a street circuit in Bangkok.
|Port Imperial Street Circuit||Street||Clockwise||New Jersey, United States||5.101 km (3.170 mi)||Grand Prix of America||2014|
|Sochi International Street Circuit||Road||Clockwise||Sochi, Russia||5.872 km (3.649 mi)||Russian Grand Prix||2014|
- Hughes, Mark; Tremayne, David (2002). The Concise Encyclopedia of Formula 1. Parragon. pp. 70–93. ISBN 0-75258-766-8.
- "Circuits". ESPN. Retrieved 17 June 2012. To find circuits which are not listed on the page, type the name of the circuit into the search bar.
- "About FIA". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). Retrieved 31 October 2008.
- Hughes; Tremayne (2002). p. 76. Missing or empty
- Gill, Pete (31 October 2011). "A truly global sport". Sky Sports. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
- "Facts and figures – Italian Grand Prix". Formula 1. 7 September 2006. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
- "Pescara Circuit". ESPN. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
- "New Jersey to host Grand Prix of America in 2013". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 25 October 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "Sochi agrees deal to host Russian Grand Prix". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 14 October 2010. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- Kelso, Paul; Cary, Tom (22 June 2012). "London 2012 Olympics: plan to host Formula One race in and around Olympic stadium on shortlist". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Collantine, Keith (26 April 2013). "Thailand GP track route confirmed for 2015 race". F1 Fanatic (Keith Collantine). Retrieved 26 April 2013.
- Noble, Jonathan (26 April 2013). "Thailand approves layout for Formula 1 circuit". Autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 27 April 2013.
- "United States Grand Prix history". Formula 1. 16 June 2004. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
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