List of Formula One circuits

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A map of the world showing the locations of the 20 circuits to host a Grand Prix in the 2012 Formula One season
Locations of the 20 circuits that hosted a Grand Prix during the 2012 Formula One season.

Formula One, abbreviated to F1, is the highest class of open-wheeled auto racing defined by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's world governing body.[1] The "formula" in the name refers to a set of rules to which all participants and vehicles must conform. The Formula One World Championship season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, usually held on purpose-built circuits, and in a few cases on closed city streets. The results of each race are combined to determine two annual Championships, one for drivers and one for constructors.

The first World Championship Grand Prix was held in 1950 at Silverstone; since then 70 circuits have hosted a Grand Prix. Circuits such as the Nürburgring have hosted Grands Prix using different configurations. The first race at the Nürburgring used the 22.835 km (14.189 mi) configuration, but concerns over safety meant that more recent Grands Prix have used a shorter, safer circuit.[2] F1 circuits were predominately in Europe during the early years of the championship, as the sport has expanded so has the location of its circuits. The expansion into Asia and America has been a recent occurrence. Of the 20 circuits that hosted a Grand Prix in 2012, nearly half were not on the calendar before 1999.[3]

The Autodromo Nazionale Monza has hosted the most Grands Prix; it has been used as the circuit for the Italian Grand Prix 64 times. The only season it did not host a race was in 1980, when the Italian Grand Prix was held at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari.[4] The Sochi Autodrom became the 70th circuit to host a Grand Prix, when it held the Russian Grand Prix in 2014. The longest circuit to have hosted a Grand Prix is the Pescara Circuit, which hosted the 1957 Pescara Grand Prix. The 25.800 km (16.031 mi) long circuit in Pescara, Italy, held the annual Coppa Acerbo race; in 1957 it was included as part of the World Championship, a race which Stirling Moss won.[5]

As some circuits have hosted Grands Prix using different configurations, the most recent configuration used is listed in the table below.

Circuits[edit]

Key
dagger Circuit hosted a Grand Prix in the 2014 season
dagger Current circuits (for the 2014 season) are shown in bold
  • The "Map" column shows a diagram of the circuit configuration
  • The "Type" column refers to the type of circuit. Therefore Street is a circuit held on closed city streets, Road refers to a mixture of public roads and a permanent track and Race is a permanent facility.
Formula One circuits
Circuit Map Type Direction Location Current Length Grands Prix Season(s) Grands Prix held
Adelaide Street Circuit Adelaide (long route).svg Street circuit Clockwise Adelaide, Australia 3.780 km (2.349 mi) Australia Australian Grand Prix 19851995 11
Ain-Diab Circuit Ain-Diab.svg Road circuit Clockwise Casablanca, Morocco 7.618 km (4.734 mi) Morocco Moroccan Grand Prix 1958 1
Aintree Circuit Aintree.svg Road circuit Clockwise Liverpool, United Kingdom 4.828 km (3.000 mi) United Kingdom British Grand Prix 1955, 1957, 1959, 19611962 5
Albert Parkdagger Albert Park Street circuit Clockwise Melbourne, Australia 5.303 km (3.295 mi) Australia Australian Grand Prix 19962014 19
Autódromo do Estoril Estoril Race circuit Clockwise Estoril, Portugal 4.182 km (2.599 mi) Portugal Portuguese Grand Prix 19841996 13
Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari Imola.svg Race circuit Counter-clockwise Imola, Italy 4.909 km (3.050 mi) Italy Italian Grand Prix
San Marino San Marino Grand Prix
19802006 27
Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez.svg Race circuit Clockwise Mexico City, Mexico 4.438 km (2.758 mi) Mexico Mexican Grand Prix 19631970, 19861992 15
Autódromo Internacional Nelson Piquet Jacarepaguá.svg Race circuit Counter-clockwise Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 5.031 km (3.126 mi) Brazil Brazilian Grand Prix 1978, 19811989 10
Autódromo José Carlos Pacedagger 2014 Interlagos circuit map.svg Race circuit Counter-clockwise São Paulo, Brazil 4.309 km (2.677 mi) Brazil Brazilian Grand Prix 19731977, 19791980,
19902014
32
Autódromo Juan y Oscar Gálvez Autódromo Oscar y Juan Gálvez Circuito N° 6.svg Race circuit Clockwise Buenos Aires, Argentina 4.206 km (2.613 mi) Argentina Argentine Grand Prix 19531958, 1960, 19721975, 19771981, 19951998 20
Autodromo Nazionale Monzadagger Monza track map.svg Race circuit Clockwise Monza, Italy 5.793 km (3.600 mi) Italy Italian Grand Prix 19501979, 19812014 64
AVUS Circuit AVUS.svg Street circuit Counter-clockwise Berlin, West Germany 8.300 km (5.157 mi) West Germany German Grand Prix 1959 1
Bahrain International Circuitdagger Bahrain Race circuit Clockwise Sakhir, Bahrain 5.412 km (3.363 mi) Bahrain Bahrain Grand Prix 20042010, 20122014 10
Brands Hatch Brands Hatch.svg Race circuit Clockwise Kent, United Kingdom 3.703 km (2.301 mi) United Kingdom British Grand Prix
Europe European Grand Prix
1964, 1966, 1968, 1970, 1972
1974, 1976, 1978, 1980, 19821986
14
Buddh International Circuit Jaypee Group Circuit.svg Race circuit Clockwise Greater Noida, India 5.141 km (3.194 mi) India Indian Grand Prix 2011-2013 3
Bugatti Circuit Bugatti Race circuit Clockwise Le Mans, France 4.273 km (2.655 mi) France French Grand Prix 1967 1
Caesars Palace Grand Prix Circuit Caesars Palace.png Street circuit Counter-clockwise Las Vegas, United States 3.650 km (2.268 mi) Nevada Caesars Palace Grand Prix 19811982 2
Charade Circuit Circuit Clermont Ferrand.png Road circuit Clockwise Clermont-Ferrand, France 8.055 km (5.005 mi) France French Grand Prix 1965, 19691970, 1972 4
Circuit Bremgarten Circuit Bremgarten.png Road circuit Clockwise Bremgarten, Switzerland 7.208 km (4.479 mi) Switzerland Swiss Grand Prix 19501954 5
Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunyadagger Catalunya.svg Race circuit Clockwise Montmeló, Spain 4.655 km (2.892 mi) Spain Spanish Grand Prix 19912014 24
Circuit de Monacodagger Monte Carlo Formula 1 track map.svg Street circuit Clockwise Monaco 3.340 km (2.075 mi) Monaco Monaco Grand Prix 1950, 19552014 61
Circuit de Spa-Francorchampsdagger Spa-Francorchamps of Belgium.svg Race Clockwise Spa, Belgium 7.004 km (4.352 mi) Belgium Belgian Grand Prix 19501956, 1958, 19601968, 1970, 1983, 19852002, 20042005, 20072014 47
Circuito de Monsanto Circuit Monsanto.png Street circuit Clockwise Lisbon, Portugal 5.440 km (3.380 mi) Estado Novo (Portugal) Portuguese Grand Prix 1959 1
Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours.svg Race circuit Clockwise Nevers, France 4.411 km (2.741 mi) France French Grand Prix 19912008 18
Circuit Gilles Villeneuvedagger Circuit Gilles Villeneuve.svg Street circuit Clockwise Montreal, Canada 4.361 km (2.710 mi) Canada Canadian Grand Prix 19781986, 19882008, 20102014 35
Circuit Mont-Tremblant Circuit Mont-Tremblant Track Map.svg Race circuit Clockwise Mont-Tremblant, Canada 4.265 km (2.650 mi) Canada Canadian Grand Prix 1968, 1970 2
Circuit of the Americasdagger Austin circuit.svg Race circuit Counter-clockwise Austin, United States 5.470 km (3.399 mi) United States United States Grand Prix 20122014 3
Circuit Park Zandvoort Circuit Park Zandvoort-1980.svg Race circuit Clockwise Zandvoort, Netherlands 4.252 km (2.642 mi) Netherlands Dutch Grand Prix 19521953, 1955, 19581971, 19731985 30
Circuit Paul Ricard Paul Ricard.svg Race circuit Clockwise Castellet, France 5.800 km (3.604 mi) France French Grand Prix 1971, 1973, 19751976, 1978, 1980, 19821983, 19851990 14
Circuit Zolder Zolder.svg Race circuit Clockwise Heusden-Zolder, Belgium 4.011 km (2.492 mi) Belgium Belgian Grand Prix 1973, 19751982, 1984 10
Circuito da Boavista Boavista (Oporto).svg Street circuit Counter-clockwise Porto, Portugal 7.775 km (4.831 mi) Estado Novo (Portugal) Portuguese Grand Prix 1958, 1960 2
Circuito de Jerez Jerez.svg Race circuit Clockwise Jerez de la Frontera, Spain 4.428 km (2.751 mi) Spain Spanish Grand Prix
Europe European Grand Prix
19861990, 1994, 1997 7
Circuito del Jarama Circuito Permanente del Jarama.svg Race circuit Clockwise Jarama, Spain 3.404 km (2.115 mi) Francoist Spain
Spain Spanish Grand Prix
1968, 1970, 1972, 1974,
19761979, 1981
9
Detroit street circuit Downtown Detroit Street Circuit.svg Street circuit Counter-clockwise Detroit, United States 4.168 km (2.590 mi) Michigan Detroit Grand Prix 19821988 7
Dijon-Prenois Dijon-Prenois Circuit.svg Race circuit Clockwise Dijon, France 3.886 km (2.415 mi) France French Grand Prix
Switzerland Swiss Grand Prix
1974, 1977, 1979, 19811982, 1984 6
Donington Park Donington Park Race circuit Clockwise Leicestershire, United Kingdom 4.020 km (2.498 mi) Europe European Grand Prix 1993 1
Fair Park Circuit Fair Park.svg Street circuit Counter-Clockwise Dallas, United States 3.901 km (2.424 mi) Texas Dallas Grand Prix 1984 1
Fuji Speedway Fuji.svg Race circuit Clockwise Shizuoka, Japan 4.563 km (2.835 mi) Japan Japanese Grand Prix 19761977, 20072008 4
Grand Prix of Long Beach Circuit Long Beach.png Street circuit Clockwise Long Beach, United States 3.251 km (2.020 mi) United States United States Grand Prix West 19761983 8
Hockenheimringdagger Circuit Hokenheimring.png Race circuit Clockwise Hockenheim, Germany 4.574 km (2.842 mi) Germany German Grand Prix 1970, 19771984, 19862006,
2008, 2010, 2012, 2014
34
Hungaroringdagger Hungaroring.svg Race circuit Clockwise Budapest, Hungary 4.381 km (2.722 mi) Hungary Hungarian Grand Prix 19862014 29
Indianapolis Motor Speedway Indianapolis Motor Speedway - road course.svg Race circuit Clockwise (Road Course), Counter-Clockwise (Oval Track) Speedway, United States 4.192 km (2.605 mi) Indianapolis Indianapolis 500[A]
United States United States Grand Prix
19501960, 20002007 19
Istanbul Park Istanbul park.svg Race circuit Counter-clockwise Istanbul, Turkey 5.338 km (3.317 mi) Turkey Turkish Grand Prix 20052011 7
Korea International Circuit Korea international circuit v3.svg Race circuit Counter-clockwise Yeongam, South Korea 5.615 km (3.489 mi) South Korea Korean Grand Prix 20102013 4
Kyalami Kyalami.svg Race circuit Counter-clockwise Midrand, South Africa 4.200 km (2.610 mi) South Africa South African Grand Prix 19671980, 19821985, 19921993 20
Marina Bay Street Circuitdagger Singapore street circuit v3.svg Street circuit Counter-clockwise Singapore 5.065 km (3.147 mi) Singapore Singapore Grand Prix 20082014 7
Montjuïc circuit Montjuïc circuit.svg Street circuit Counter-clockwise Barcelona, Spain 3.791 km (2.356 mi) Francoist Spain Spanish Grand Prix 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975 4
Mosport International Raceway Mosport.svg Race circuit Clockwise Bowmanville, Canada 3.957 km (2.459 mi) Canada Canadian Grand Prix 1967, 1969, 19711977 8
Nivelles-Baulers Circuit Nivelles-Baulers.png Race circuit Clockwise Nivelles, Belgium 3.724 km (2.314 mi) Belgium Belgian Grand Prix 1972, 1974 2
Nürburgring Circuit Nürburgring-2002-GP.svg Race circuit Clockwise Nürburg, Germany 5.148 km (3.199 mi) West Germany, GermanyGerman Grand Prix
EuropeEuropean Grand Prix
Luxembourg Luxembourg Grand Prix
19511954, 19561958, 19611969, 19711976, 19841985, 19952007
2009, 2011, 2013
40
Pedralbes Circuit Circuit Pedralbes.png Street circuit Clockwise Barcelona, Spain 6.316 km (3.925 mi) Francoist Spain Spanish Grand Prix 1951, 1954 2
Pescara Circuit Circuit Pescara.svg Road circuit Clockwise Pescara, Italy 25.800 km (16.031 mi) Abruzzo Pescara Grand Prix 1957 1
Phoenix street circuit Phoenix Grand Prix Route - 1991.svg Street circuit Counter-clockwise Phoenix, United States 3.720 km (2.312 mi) United States United States Grand Prix 19891991 3
Prince George Circuit Prince George Circuit.svg Race circuit Clockwise East London, South Africa 3.920 km (2.436 mi) South AfricaSouth African Grand Prix 19621963, 1965 3
Red Bull Ringdagger (formerly A1-Ring and Österreichring) Circuit Red Bull Ring.svg Race circuit Clockwise Zeltweg, Austria 4.326 km (2.688 mi) Austria Austrian Grand Prix 19701987, 19972003, 2014 26
Reims-Gueux Circuit Reims-Gueux.png Road circuit Clockwise Reims, France 8.302 km (5.159 mi) France French Grand Prix 19501951, 19531954, 1956,
19581961, 1963, 1966
11
Riverside International Raceway Circuit Riverside.svg Race circuit Clockwise Riverside, United States 5.271 km (3.275 mi) United States United States Grand Prix 1960 1
Rouen-Les-Essarts Rouen-Les-Essarts.svg Road circuit Clockwise Rouen, France 6.542 km (4.065 mi) France French Grand Prix 1952, 1957, 1962, 1964, 1968 5
Scandinavian Raceway Scandinavian Raceway.svg Race circuit Clockwise Anderstorp, Sweden 4.025 km (2.501 mi) Sweden Swedish Grand Prix 19731978 6
Sebring International Raceway Sebring International Raceway Road circuit Clockwise Sebring, United States 8.356 km (5.192 mi) United States United States Grand Prix 1959 1
Sepang International Circuitdagger Sepang.svg Race circuit Clockwise Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 5.543 km (3.444 mi) Malaysia Malaysian Grand Prix 19992014 16
Shanghai International Circuitdagger Shanghai International Racing Circuit track map.svg Race circuit Clockwise Shanghai, China 5.451 km (3.387 mi) China Chinese Grand Prix 20042014 11
Silverstone Circuitdagger Silverstone circuit.svg Race circuit Clockwise Silverstone, United Kingdom 5.891 km (3.660 mi) United Kingdom British Grand Prix 19501954, 1956, 1958, 1960, 1963, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1985, 19872014 48
Sochi Autodromdagger Circuit Sochi.svg Road circuit Clockwise Sochi, Russia 5.872 km (3.649 mi) Russia Russian Grand Prix 2014 1
Suzuka Circuitdagger Circuit Suzuka.png Race circuit Clockwise, counter-clockwise Suzuka, Japan 5.807 km (3.608 mi) Japan Japanese Grand Prix 19872006, 20092014 26
Tanaka International Circuit Tanaka International Circuit Race circuit Clockwise Aida, Japan 3.703 km (2.301 mi) Japan Pacific Grand Prix 19941995 2
Valencia Street Circuit Circuit Valensia street.png Street circuit Clockwise Valencia, Spain 5.419 km (3.367 mi) Europe European Grand Prix 20082012 5
Watkins Glen Watkins Glen International Track Map.svg Race circuit Clockwise Watkins Glen, United States 5.430 km (3.374 mi) United States United States Grand Prix 19611980 20
Yas Marina Circuitdagger Circuit Yas-Island.svg Race circuit Counter-clockwise Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 5.554 km (3.451 mi) United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Grand Prix 20092014 6
Zeltweg Airfield Circuit Zeltweg.png Road circuit Clockwise Zeltweg, Austria 3.186 km (1.980 mi) Austria Austrian Grand Prix 1964 1

Proposed circuits[edit]

Three new circuits are proposed to be used in Formula One in the near future. The Grand Prix of America is a planned race that was expected to take place on the Port Imperial Street Circuit starting in 2013, but was delayed several times.[6] on the streets around Hudson County, New Jersey.[7] The European Grand Prix will be revived in 2016, with a race on the streets of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan.

Future Formula One circuits
Circuit Map Type Direction Location Current Length Grands Prix Season(s)
Baku Street Circuit
(Azadliq Avenue)[B]
Baku Street Circuit.jpg Street circuit Counter-clockwise[8] Baku, Azerbaijan 6.006 km (3.732 mi) Europe European Grand Prix 2016
Port Imperial Street Circuit Circuit New Jersey.svg Street circuit Clockwise New Jersey, United States 5.101 km (3.170 mi) United States Grand Prix of America TBA

Footnotes[edit]

A. ^ From 1950 to 1960, the Indianapolis 500 was part of the F1 World Championship.[9]
B.  ^ The name "Baku Street Circuit" has been used to refer to three different circuits used by Formula One, FIA GT and the Blancpain Sprint Series. The proposed Grand Prix circuit will be based around Azadliq Avenue.

References[edit]

General

  • Hughes, Mark; Tremayne, David (2002). The Concise Encyclopedia of Formula 1. Parragon. pp. 70–93. ISBN 0-75258-766-8. 
  • "Circuits". ESPN. Retrieved 17 June 2012.  To find circuits which are not listed on the page, type the name of the circuit into the search bar.

Specific

  1. ^ "About FIA". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). Retrieved 31 October 2008. 
  2. ^ Hughes & Tremayne 2002, p. 76
  3. ^ Gill, Pete (31 October 2011). "A truly global sport". Sky Sports. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  4. ^ "Facts and figures – Italian Grand Prix". Formula 1. 7 September 2006. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  5. ^ "Pescara Circuit". ESPN. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  6. ^ "EXCLUSIVE Q&A: Chris Pook on the Grand Prix of America in New Jersey". Racer. 19 December 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "New Jersey to host Grand Prix of America in 2013". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 25 October 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2012. 
  8. ^ "Baku street track for 2016 F1 European Grand Prix unveiled - F1 news - AUTOSPORT.com". Autosport. Retrieved 8 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "United States Grand Prix history". Formula 1. 16 June 2004. Retrieved 5 July 2012. 

External links[edit]