List of Formula One circuits
Formula One, abbreviated to F1, is the highest class of open-wheeled auto racing defined by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's world governing body. The "formula" in the name refers to a set of rules to which all participants and vehicles must conform. The Formula One World Championship season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, usually held on purpose-built circuits, and in a few cases on closed city streets. The results of each race are combined to determine two annual Championships, one for drivers and one for constructors.
The first World Championship Grand Prix was held in 1950 at Silverstone; since then 70 circuits have hosted a Grand Prix. Circuits such as the Nürburgring have hosted Grands Prix using different configurations. The first race at the Nürburgring used the 22.835 km (14.189 mi) configuration, but concerns over safety meant that more recent Grands Prix have used a shorter, safer circuit. F1 circuits were predominately in Europe during the early years of the championship, as the sport has expanded so has the location of its circuits. The expansion into Asia and America has been a recent occurrence. Of the 20 circuits that hosted a Grand Prix in 2012, nearly half were not on the calendar before 1999.
The Autodromo Nazionale Monza has hosted the most Grands Prix; it has been used as the circuit for the Italian Grand Prix 64 times. The only season it did not host a race was in 1980, when the Italian Grand Prix was held at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari. The Sochi Autodrom became the 70th circuit to host a Grand Prix, when it held the Russian Grand Prix in 2014. The longest circuit to have hosted a Grand Prix is the Pescara Circuit, which hosted the 1957 Pescara Grand Prix. The 25.800 km (16.031 mi) long circuit in Pescara, Italy, held the annual Coppa Acerbo race; in 1957 it was included as part of the World Championship, a race which Stirling Moss won.
As some circuits have hosted Grands Prix using different configurations, the most recent configuration used is listed in the table below.
|Circuit is scheduled to host / has hosted a Grand Prix in the 2014 season|
- The "Map" column shows a diagram of the circuit configuration
- The "Type" column refers to the type of circuit. Therefore Street is a circuit held on closed city streets, Road refers to a mixture of public roads and a permanent track and Race is a permanent facility.
Three new circuits are proposed to be used in Formula One in the near future. The Grand Prix of America is a planned race that was expected to take place on the Port Imperial Street Circuit starting in 2013, but was delayed several times. on the streets around Hudson County, New Jersey. The European Grand Prix will be revived in 2016, with a race on the streets of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan.
|Port Imperial Street Circuit||Street||Clockwise||New Jersey, United States||5.101 km (3.170 mi)||Grand Prix of America||TBA|
|Baku Street Circuit
|Street||Anticlockwise||Baku, Azerbaijan||6.006 km (3.732 mi)||European Grand Prix||2016|
A. ^ From 1950 to 1960, the Indianapolis 500 was part of the F1 World Championship.
B. ^ The name "Baku Street Circuit" has been used to refer to three different circuits used by Formula One, FIA GT and the Blancpain Sprint Series. The proposed Grand Prix circuit will be based around Azadliq Avenue.
- Hughes, Mark; Tremayne, David (2002). The Concise Encyclopedia of Formula 1. Parragon. pp. 70–93. ISBN 0-75258-766-8.
- "Circuits". ESPN. Retrieved 17 June 2012. To find circuits which are not listed on the page, type the name of the circuit into the search bar.
- "About FIA". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). Retrieved 31 October 2008.
- Hughes & Tremayne 2002, p. 76
- Gill, Pete (31 October 2011). "A truly global sport". Sky Sports. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
- "Facts and figures – Italian Grand Prix". Formula 1. 7 September 2006. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
- "Pescara Circuit". ESPN. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
- "EXCLUSIVE Q&A: Chris Pook on the Grand Prix of America in New Jersey". Racer. 19 December 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2014.
- "New Jersey to host Grand Prix of America in 2013". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 25 October 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "Baku street track for 2016 F1 European Grand Prix unveiled - F1 news - AUTOSPORT.com". Autosport. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
- "United States Grand Prix history". Formula 1. 16 June 2004. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
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