List of Formula One circuits

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A map of the world showing the locations of the 20 circuits to host a Grand Prix in the 2012 Formula One season
Locations of the 20 circuits that hosted a Grand Prix during the 2012 Formula One season.

Formula One, abbreviated to F1, is the highest class of open-wheeled auto racing defined by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's world governing body.[1] The "formula" in the name refers to a set of rules to which all participants and vehicles must conform. The Formula One World Championship season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, usually held on purpose-built circuits, and in a few cases on closed city streets. The results of each race are combined to determine two annual Championships, one for drivers and one for constructors.

The first World Championship Grand Prix was held in 1950 at Silverstone; since then 69 circuits have hosted a Grand Prix. Circuits such as the Nürburgring have hosted Grands Prix using different configurations. The first race at the Nürburgring used the 22.835 km (14.189 mi) configuration, but concerns over safety meant that more recent Grands Prix have used a shorter, safer circuit.[2] F1 circuits were predominately in Europe during the early years of the championship, as the sport has expanded so has the location of its circuits. The expansion into Asia and America has been a recent occurrence. Of the 20 circuits that hosted a Grand Prix in 2012, nearly half were not on the calendar before 1999.[3]

The Autodromo Nazionale Monza has hosted the most Grands Prix; it has been used as the circuit for the Italian Grand Prix 64 times. The only season it did not host a race was in 1980, when the Italian Grand Prix was held at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari.[4] The Circuit of the Americas became the 69th circuit to host a Grand Prix, when it held the United States Grand Prix in 2012. The longest circuit to have hosted a Grand Prix is the Pescara Circuit, which hosted the 1957 Pescara Grand Prix. The 25.800 km (16.031 mi) long circuit in Pescara, Italy, held the annual Coppa Acerbo race; in 1957 it was included as part of the World Championship, a race which Stirling Moss won.[5]

As some circuits have hosted Grands Prix using different configurations, the most recent configuration used is listed in the table below.

Circuits[edit]

Key
dagger Circuit is scheduled to host / has hosted a Grand Prix in the 2014 season
  • The "Map" column shows a diagram of the circuit configuration
  • The "Type" column refers to the type of circuit. Therefore Street is a circuit held on closed city streets, Road refers to a mixture of public roads and a permanent track and Race is a permanent facility.
Formula One circuits
Circuit Map Type Direction Location Current Length Grands Prix Season(s) Grands Prix held
Adelaide Street Circuit Adelaide - long track Street Clockwise Adelaide, Australia 3.780 km (2.349 mi) Australian Grand Prix 19851995 11
Ain-Diab Circuit Ain-Diab Road Clockwise Casablanca, Morocco 7.618 km (4.734 mi) Moroccan Grand Prix 1958 1
Aintree Aintree Road Clockwise Liverpool, United Kingdom 4.828 km (3.000 mi) British Grand Prix 1955, 1957, 1959, 19611962 5
Albert Parkdagger Melbourne Street Clockwise Melbourne, Australia 5.303 km (3.295 mi) Australian Grand Prix 19962014 19
AVUS AVUS Street Anti-clockwise Berlin, West Germany 8.300 km (5.157 mi) German Grand Prix 1959 1
Bahrain International Circuitdagger Bahrain Race Clockwise Sakhir, Bahrain 5.412 km (3.363 mi) Bahrain Grand Prix 20042010, 20122014 10
Circuito da Boavista Boavista Street Anti-clockwise Porto, Portugal 7.775 km (4.831 mi) Portuguese Grand Prix 1958, 1960 2
Brands Hatch Brands Hatch Race Clockwise Kent, United Kingdom 3.703 km (2.301 mi) British Grand Prix
European Grand Prix
1964, 1966, 1968, 1970, 1972
1974, 1976, 1978, 1980, 19821986
14
Circuit Bremgarten Bremgarten Road Clockwise Bremgarten, Switzerland 7.208 km (4.479 mi) Swiss Grand Prix 19501954 5
Buddh International Circuit Jaypee Circuit Race Clockwise Greater Noida, India 5.141 km (3.194 mi) Indian Grand Prix 2011-2013 3
Bugatti Circuit Bugatti Race Clockwise Le Mans, France 4.273 km (2.655 mi) French Grand Prix 1967 1
Caesars Palace Caesar's Palace Street Anti-clockwise Las Vegas, United States 3.650 km (2.268 mi) Caesars Palace Grand Prix 19811982 2
Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunyadagger Barcelona Race Clockwise Montmeló, Spain 4.655 km (2.892 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 19912014 24
Charade Circuit Charade Road Clockwise Clermont-Ferrand, France 8.055 km (5.005 mi) French Grand Prix 1965, 19691970, 1972 4
Circuit of the Americasdagger Austin Race Anti-clockwise Austin, United States 5.470 km (3.399 mi) United States Grand Prix 20122013 2
Detroit street circuit Detroit Street Anti-clockwise Detroit, United States 4.168 km (2.590 mi) Detroit Grand Prix 19821988 7
Dijon-Prenois Dijon-Prenois Race Clockwise Dijon, France 3.886 km (2.415 mi) French Grand Prix
Swiss Grand Prix
1974, 1977, 1979, 19811982, 1984 6
Donington Park Donington Park Race Clockwise Leicestershire, United Kingdom 4.020 km (2.498 mi) European Grand Prix 1993 1
Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari Imola Race Anti-clockwise Imola, Italy 4.909 km (3.050 mi) Italian Grand Prix
San Marino Grand Prix
19802006 27
Autódromo do Estoril Estoril Race Clockwise Estoril, Portugal 4.182 km (2.599 mi) Portuguese Grand Prix 19841996 13
Fair Park Fair Park Street Anti-Clockwise Dallas, United States 3.901 km (2.424 mi) Dallas Grand Prix 1984 1
Fuji Speedway Fuji Speedway Race Clockwise Shizuoka, Japan 4.563 km (2.835 mi) Japanese Grand Prix 19761977, 20072008 4
Circuit Gilles Villeneuvedagger Circuit Gilles Villeneuve.svg Street Clockwise Montreal, Canada 4.361 km (2.710 mi) Canadian Grand Prix 19781986, 19882008, 20102014 35
Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez Race Clockwise Mexico City, Mexico 4.438 km (2.758 mi) Mexican Grand Prix 19631970, 19861992 15
Hockenheimringdagger Hockenheimring Race Clockwise Hockenheim, Germany 4.574 km (2.842 mi) German Grand Prix 1970, 19771984, 19862006,
2008, 2010, 2012, 2014
34
Hungaroringdagger Hungaroring.svg Race Clockwise Budapest, Hungary 4.381 km (2.722 mi) Hungarian Grand Prix 19862014 29
Indianapolis Motor Speedway Indianapolis Motor Speedway Race Clockwise (Road Course), Anti-Clockwise (Oval Track) Speedway, United States 4.192 km (2.605 mi) Indianapolis 500[A]
United States Grand Prix
19501960, 20002007 19
Istanbul Park Istanbul Park Race Anti-clockwise Istanbul, Turkey 5.338 km (3.317 mi) Turkish Grand Prix 20052011 7
Autódromo Internacional Nelson Piquet Nelson Piquet Race Anti-clockwise Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 5.031 km (3.126 mi) Brazilian Grand Prix 1978, 19811989 10
Circuito del Jarama Jarama Race Clockwise Jarama, Spain 3.404 km (2.115 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 1968, 1970, 1972, 1974,
19761979, 1981
9
Circuito de Jerez Jerez Race Clockwise Jerez de la Frontera, Spain 4.428 km (2.751 mi) Spanish Grand Prix
European Grand Prix
19861990, 1994, 1997 7
Autódromo José Carlos Pacedagger Interlagos Race Anti-clockwise São Paulo, Brazil 4.309 km (2.677 mi) Brazilian Grand Prix 19731977, 19791980,
19902013
31
Korea International Circuit Korea International Circuit Race Anti-clockwise Yeongam, South Korea 5.615 km (3.489 mi) Korean Grand Prix 20102013 4
Kyalami Kyalami Race Anti-clockwise Midrand, South Africa 4.200 km (2.610 mi) South African Grand Prix 19671980, 19821985, 19921993 20
Long Beach street circuit Long Beach Street Clockwise Long Beach, United States 3.251 km (2.020 mi) United States Grand Prix West 19761983 8
Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours Magny-Cours Race Clockwise Nevers, France 4.411 km (2.741 mi) French Grand Prix 19912008 18
Marina Bay Street Circuitdagger Marina Bay Street Anti-clockwise Singapore 5.065 km (3.147 mi) Singapore Grand Prix 20082013 6
Circuito de Monsanto Monsanto Park Street Clockwise Lisbon, Portugal 5.440 km (3.380 mi) Portuguese Grand Prix 1959 1
Circuit de Monacodagger Monaco Street Clockwise Monaco 3.340 km (2.075 mi) Monaco Grand Prix 1950, 19552014 61
Montjuïc circuit Montjuic circuit Street Anti-clockwise Barcelona, Spain 3.791 km (2.356 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975 4
Circuit Mont-Tremblant Mont-Tremblant Race Clockwise Mont-Tremblant, Canada 4.265 km (2.650 mi) Canadian Grand Prix 1968, 1970 2
Autodromo Nazionale Monzadagger Monza Race Clockwise Monza, Italy 5.793 km (3.600 mi) Italian Grand Prix 19501979, 19812014 64
Mosport International Raceway Mosport Race Clockwise Bowmanville, Canada 3.957 km (2.459 mi) Canadian Grand Prix 1967, 1969, 19711977 8
Nivelles-Baulers Nivelles-Baulers Race Clockwise Nivelles, Belgium 3.724 km (2.314 mi) Belgian Grand Prix 1972, 1974 2
Nürburgring Nurburgring Race Clockwise Nürburg, Germany 5.148 km (3.199 mi) German Grand Prix
European Grand Prix
Luxembourg Grand Prix
19511954, 19561958, 19611969, 19711976, 19841985, 19952007
2009, 2011, 2013
40
Autódromo Juan y Oscar Gálvez Autódromo Oscar Alfredo Gálvez Race Clockwise Buenos Aires, Argentina 4.206 km (2.613 mi) Argentine Grand Prix 19531958, 1960, 19721975, 19771981, 19951998 20
Circuit Paul Ricard Paul Ricard Race Clockwise Castellet, France 5.800 km (3.604 mi) French Grand Prix 1971, 1973, 19751976, 1978, 1980, 19821983, 19851990 14
Pedralbes Circuit Circuit Pedralbes Street Clockwise Barcelona, Spain 6.316 km (3.925 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 1951, 1954 2
Pescara Circuit Pescara Circuit Road Clockwise Pescara, Italy 25.800 km (16.031 mi) Pescara Grand Prix 1957 1
Phoenix street circuit Phoenix street circuit Street Anti-clockwise Phoenix, United States 3.720 km (2.312 mi) United States Grand Prix 19891991 3
Prince George Circuit Prince George Circuit Race Clockwise East London, South Africa 3.920 km (2.436 mi) South African Grand Prix 19621963, 1965 3
Red Bull Ringdagger (formerly A1-Ring and Österreichring) Austria Race Clockwise Zeltweg, Austria 4.326 km (2.688 mi) Austrian Grand Prix 19701987, 19972003, 2014 26
Reims-Gueux Reims-Gueux Road Clockwise Reims, France 8.302 km (5.159 mi) French Grand Prix 19501951, 19531954, 1956,
19581961, 1963, 1966
11
Riverside International Raceway Riverside International Raceway Race Clockwise Riverside, United States 5.271 km (3.275 mi) United States Grand Prix 1960 1
Rouen-Les-Essarts Rouen-Les-Essarts Road Clockwise Rouen, France 6.542 km (4.065 mi) French Grand Prix 1952, 1957, 1962, 1964, 1968 5
Scandinavian Raceway Scandinavian Raceway Race Clockwise Anderstorp, Sweden 4.025 km (2.501 mi) Swedish Grand Prix 19731978 6
Sebring International Raceway Sebring International Raceway Road Clockwise Sebring, United States 8.356 km (5.192 mi) United States Grand Prix 1959 1
Sepang International Circuitdagger Sepang International Circuit Race Clockwise Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 5.543 km (3.444 mi) Malaysian Grand Prix 19992014 16
Shanghai International Circuitdagger Shanghai International Circuit Race Clockwise Shanghai, China 5.451 km (3.387 mi) Chinese Grand Prix 20042014 11
Silverstone Circuitdagger Silverstone Race Clockwise Silverstone, United Kingdom 5.901 km (3.667 mi) British Grand Prix 19501954, 1956, 1958, 1960, 1963, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1985, 19872014 48
Circuit de Spa-Francorchampsdagger Spa-Francorchamps Race Clockwise Spa, Belgium 7.004 km (4.352 mi) Belgian Grand Prix 19501956, 1958, 19601968, 1970, 1983, 19852002, 20042005, 20072014 47
Suzuka Circuitdagger Suzuka Race Both Suzuka, Japan 5.807 km (3.608 mi) Japanese Grand Prix 19872006, 20092013 25
Tanaka International Circuit Tanaka International Circuit Race Clockwise Aida, Japan 3.703 km (2.301 mi) Pacific Grand Prix 19941995 2
Valencia Street Circuit Valencia Street Circuit Street Clockwise Valencia, Spain 5.419 km (3.367 mi) European Grand Prix 20082012 5
Watkins Glen Watkins Glen Race Clockwise Watkins Glen, United States 5.430 km (3.374 mi) United States Grand Prix 19611980 20
Yas Marina Circuitdagger Yas Marina Race Anti-clockwise Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 5.554 km (3.451 mi) Abu Dhabi Grand Prix 20092013 5
Circuit Park Zandvoort Zandvoort Race Clockwise Zandvoort, Netherlands 4.252 km (2.642 mi) Dutch Grand Prix 19521953, 1955, 19581971, 19731985 30
Zeltweg Airfield Zeltweg Road Clockwise Zeltweg, Austria 3.186 km (1.980 mi) Austrian Grand Prix 1964 1
Circuit Zolder Zolder Race Clockwise Heusden-Zolder, Belgium 4.011 km (2.492 mi) Belgian Grand Prix 1973, 19751982, 1984 10

Proposed circuits[edit]

Three new circuits are proposed to be used in Formula One in the near future. The Grand Prix of America is a planned race that was expected to take place on the Port Imperial Street Circuit starting in 2013, but was delayed several times.[6] on the streets around Hudson County, New Jersey.[7] Formula One is scheduled to host a Grand Prix at the Sochi Autodrom,[8] in Sochi, Russia.[9] The circuit will host the Russian Grand Prix in 2014. The European Grand Prix will be revived in 2016, with a race on the streets of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan.

Future Formula One circuits
Circuit Map Type Direction Location Length Grand Prix Season
Port Imperial Street Circuit Port Imperial Street Circuit Street Clockwise New Jersey, United States 5.101 km (3.170 mi) Grand Prix of America TBA
Sochi Autodrom Sochi Olympic Park Circuit Road Clockwise Sochi, Russia 5.872 km (3.649 mi) Russian Grand Prix 2014
Baku Street Circuit
(Azadliq Avenue)[B]
Street TBA Baku, Azerbaijan TBA European Grand Prix 2016

Footnotes[edit]

A. ^ From 1950 to 1960, the Indianapolis 500 was part of the F1 World Championship.[10]
B.  ^ The name "Baku Street Circuit" has been used to refer to three different circuits used by Formula One, FIA GT and the Blancpain Sprint Series. The proposed Grand Prix circuit will be based around Azadliq Avenue.

References[edit]

General

  • Hughes, Mark; Tremayne, David (2002). The Concise Encyclopedia of Formula 1. Parragon. pp. 70–93. ISBN 0-75258-766-8. 
  • "Circuits". ESPN. Retrieved 17 June 2012.  To find circuits which are not listed on the page, type the name of the circuit into the search bar.

Specific

  1. ^ "About FIA". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). Retrieved 31 October 2008. 
  2. ^ Hughes & Tremayne 2002, p. 76
  3. ^ Gill, Pete (31 October 2011). "A truly global sport". Sky Sports. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  4. ^ "Facts and figures – Italian Grand Prix". Formula 1. 7 September 2006. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  5. ^ "Pescara Circuit". ESPN. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  6. ^ "EXCLUSIVE Q&A: Chris Pook on the Grand Prix of America in New Jersey". Racer. 19 December 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "New Jersey to host Grand Prix of America in 2013". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 25 October 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2012. 
  8. ^ "2014 Formula 1 Russian Grand Prix". Formula 1.com. Formula One Administration. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  9. ^ "Sochi agrees deal to host Russian Grand Prix". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 14 October 2010. Retrieved 5 July 2012. 
  10. ^ "United States Grand Prix history". Formula 1. 16 June 2004. Retrieved 5 July 2012. 

External links[edit]