List of French Jews

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Jews have lived in France since Roman times, with a rich and complex history. In the Middle Ages, French kings expelled most of the original Askhenazi Jewish population to Germany. Since the French Revolution (and Emancipation), Jews have been able to contribute to all aspects of French culture and society. Moreover, the Cremieux decree gave in 1870 the full French citizenship to North-African Jews, living in the Maghreb under French colonization. During World War II, a significant number of Jews living in Metropolitan France perished in the Holocaust, deported to Nazi death camps by the French Vichy government. After 1945, France served as a haven for Askhenazi refugees, then after the independence of Morocco, Tunisia and the end of Algerian War, an influx of immigration of Sephardi Jews saw the Jewish population triple to around 600,000, making it the largest Jewish community in Western Europe. Behind the United States and Israel, France ranks 3rd by Jewish population. In 2008, the Jewish Agency evaluated the Jewish population in France to be 488,000,[1] not mentioning French citizens with only one Jewish parent or grandparent.

The following is a list of some prominent Jews and people of Jewish origins,[2] among others, (not all of them practice, or practiced, the Jewish religion) who were born in, or are very strongly associated with, France. The French nationality law itself, strongly secular, forbides any statistics or lists based on ethnic membership.[3]

Historical figures[edit]

Activists[edit]

Clergymen[edit]

Military[edit]

Nobles[edit]

Philanthropists[edit]

Politicians[edit]

Journalists[edit]

Academic figures[edit]

Scientists[edit]

Social scientists[edit]

Cultural figures[edit]

Artists[edit]

Film and stage[edit]

Musicians[edit]

Writers and poets[edit]

Business figures[edit]

Sport figures[edit]

Other[edit]

  • Ilan Halimi (1982–2006), Salesman, who was kidnapped, tortured, and murdered by an anti-semitic gang thinking he was a wealthy man.[239]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The Jewish Agency Assessment 2008
  2. ^ As a particular counter-example, current French President Nicolas Sarkozy had a Jewish grandfather, is officially Catholic and is not part of this list.
  3. ^ (French)Décision n° 2007-557 DC du 15 novembre 2007 Conseil Constitutionnel, 2007-11-15
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ [2]
  6. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "he was of Portuguese Jewish descent"
  7. ^ http://www.acpr.org.il/NATIV/2000-2/stavxs.htm
  8. ^ http://library.ucsc.edu/exhibits/1996.html
  9. ^ http://www.forward.com/articles/13660/
  10. ^ Walker, Peter (6 August 2007). "Cardinal Lustiger of France dies aged 80". The Guardian (London). 
  11. ^ http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/111831/jewish/Rashi.htm
  12. ^ http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/rashi.html
  13. ^ http://www.thejewishweek.com/news/international/reaching_out_battle_against_hate
  14. ^ http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/ww2/sugar2.html
  15. ^ a b http://www.lesartsdecoratifs.fr/gb/04museecamondo/index.html
  16. ^ http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/anti-semitism/Dreyfus.html
  17. ^ http://search.intelius.com/Alter-Mojze-Goldman
  18. ^ Impressionists and politics: art and democracy in the nineteenth century By Philip G. Nord
  19. ^ L'expulsion des Juifs de Provence et de l'Europe méditerranéenne, Danièle Iancu, Université Paul Valéry
  20. ^ Béatrice Ephrussi de Rothschild: creator and collector
  21. ^ http://www.thepeerage.com/p29842.htm
  22. ^ Titled outsiders. Jewish nobility in the nineteenth and early twentieth century, Huibert Schijf1
  23. ^ http://thepeerage.com/p19551.htm
  24. ^ http://www.fotomuseo.it/mostre/archivio/2004/donati.asp
  25. ^ http://www.eurojewcong.org/ejc/article.php?id_article=4582
  26. ^ http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0411/is_n2_v42/ai_13977172.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  27. ^ http://actu.orange.fr/le-talk/20100118/1681-interview-patrick-balkany.html
  28. ^ http://www.thejewishadvocate.com/travel/
  29. ^ http://www.cohn-bendit.com/fr/dany/lebenslauf/index.html
  30. ^ http://www.jeanfrancoiscope.fr/site/index.php
  31. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-Cremieux.html
  32. ^ a b http://translate.google.com/translate?sl=fr&tl=en&js=n&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&layout=2&eotf=1&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.landrucimetieres.fr%2Fspip%2Fspip.php%3Farticle135
  33. ^ http://muse.jhu.edu/cgi-bin/access.cgi?uri=/journals/history_of_political_economy/v032/32.4reder.html
  34. ^ http://www.zeek.net/605finkiel/
  35. ^ Nundy, Julian (8 March 1993). "Urban disaster brews in French slum: The Gaullist Pierre Lellouche wants the votes of the ethnic groups in Sarcelles. Julian Nundy saw him woo them". The Independent (London). 
  36. ^ http://worldatwar.net/biography/m/mandel/index.html
  37. ^ a b http://www.cjnews.com/viewarticle.asp?id=8163
  38. ^ http://www.jewishhistory.org.il/1870.htm
  39. ^ a b http://translate.google.com/translate?sl=fr&tl=en&js=n&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&layout=2&eotf=1&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww1.alliancefr.com%2Fpierre-moscovici-desir-d-avenir-news0%2C39%2C3729.html
  40. ^ http://ejpress.org/article/news/5698
  41. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-VeilSimon.html
  42. ^ France, Agence. "Le Monde director Erik Izraelewicz dead at 58". InterAksyon.com. Retrieved 2012-11-28. 
  43. ^ "Comme deux frères" (in French). Retrieved 2007-10-29.  Book summary published on evene.fr
  44. ^ [3]
  45. ^ http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2267/is_n2_v65/ai_20964259.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  46. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica 11th ed: "He was born in Berlin of Jewish parents. He studied at Bonn and Giessen, but settled in Paris, becoming naturalized there"
  47. ^ http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=449&letter=L
  48. ^ http://www.bookrags.com/Andre_Michael_Lwoff
  49. ^ http://www.ams.org/notices/199809/chandra.pdf
  50. ^ http://www.maa.org/reviews/SocialUtopias.html
  51. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 2nd ed., art. "Aftalion, Albert"
  52. ^ http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-2280977.html
  53. ^ http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/benda.htm
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  63. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "the only child of prosperous Jewish parents"
  64. ^ http://www.jafi.org.il/education/culture/levinas.html
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