List of French regions and overseas collectivities by GDP

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This article lists French regions and overseas collectivities by gross domestic product (GDP).

Methodology[edit]

INSEE and affiliate statistical offices in the overseas collectivities produce estimates of GDP in France's 27 regions and 6 overseas collectivities (including the special collectivity of New Caledonia) every year, except in Mayotte and in some overseas collectivities where GDP estimates are made only every few years.

In 2011, France (whose territory in the national accounts refers to Metropolitan France plus the four old overseas regions of Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, and Réunion, but excludes Mayotte and the six overseas collectivities) had a GDP of US$2,778 bn, 98.2% of which was produced in Metropolitan France, and 1.8% in the four overseas regions.

Dynamics[edit]

Île-de-France (the Paris Region) has a much higher GDP per capita than the rest of France, due to its position as one of the "command centres" for the global economy, as well as its relatively low share of retirees. Outside Île-de-France, the 21 other regions of Metropolitan France show remarkably little disparity in their GDPs per capita.

The "poorest" region of Metropolitan France outside Île-de-France in 2011, Limousin, had a GDP per capita which was three-quarter the level of the richest region, Rhône-Alpes. This is in contrast to most neighbours of France where regional disparities are much more marked (East Germany vs West Germany, southern Spain and Italy vs northern Spain and Italy, Wallonia vs Flanders).

Overseas, only Saint Barthélemy, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, and New Caledonia have GDP per capita at the level of Metropolitan French regions. All other overseas regions and collectivities have GDP per capita noticeably lower than the Metropolitan French regions. The lowest is found in Mayotte, where GDP per capita was slightly less than a quarter of Metropolitan France's level in 2009, although it has been increasing a lot in recent years with the accession of Mayotte to overseas department and region status (and soon outermost region of the European Union, thus eligible for EU structural funds from 2014 on).

Gross domestic product[edit]

Nominal GDP in euros and CFP francs has been converted to US dollars at the €/US$ market exchange rate of each given year. See Notes.

List of French regions and overseas collectivities by nominal GDP[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10]
2011
Rank
Regions & collectivities 2011 GDP
(millions of US$)
2010 GDP
(millions of US$)
2009 GDP
(millions of US$)
2008 GDP
(millions of US$)
 France[Note 1] 2,778,061 2,570,540 2,626,485 2,845,112
1 Île-de-France (Paris Region) 845,195 780,648 778,672 848,297
2 Rhône-Alpes 268,378 247,505 253,259 275,875
3 Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur 199,918 184,207 187,319 200,389
4 Nord-Pas de Calais 139,296 129,152 133,813 145,172
5 Pays de la Loire 136,015 125,256 129,027 139,896
6 Aquitaine 121,745 112,900 116,326 123,340
7 Brittany 112,700 103,840 108,440 117,627
8 Midi-Pyrénées 108,033 100,063 104,772 111,565
9 Centre 90,947 85,153 88,025 94,872
10 Languedoc-Roussillon 87,627 80,850 84,886 90,331
11 Lorraine 76,722 71,662 75,184 81,760
12 Alsace 73,481 67,793 70,987 76,733
13 Upper Normandy 68,903 63,606 64,575 70,699
14 Picardy 62,395 58,177 59,639 65,159
15 Poitou-Charentes 60,567 56,391 57,597 61,761
16 Burgundy 58,097 53,916 56,800 62,329
17 Lower Normandy 48,791 45,492 46,933 50,985
18 Champagne-Ardenne 48,248 45,565 47,362 52,751
19 Auvergne 46,091 42,622 44,237 47,988
20 Franche-Comté 39,672 36,767 37,907 41,521
21 Limousin 24,027 22,527 23,496 25,269
22 Réunion 22,171 20,507 21,044 22,770
23 Martinique 11,508 10,785 10,913 11,777
24 Corsica 11,220 10,199 10,482 10,709
25 Guadeloupe 11,006 10,194 10,236 10,902
26 New Caledonia 9,886 9,156 8,732 9,074
French Polynesia 7,141
27 French Guiana 5,040 4,526 4,578 4,634
Mayotte 1,914
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 253
Saint Martin Last data is from 1999. GDP that year was US$449 million.[11]
Saint Barthélemy Last data is from 1999. GDP that year was US$191 million.[11]
Wallis and Futuna Last data is from 2005. GDP that year was US$188 million.[12]
Notes
  1. ^ Metropolitan France + the four old overseas departments of Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, and Réunion. INSEE, Eurostat, the World Bank, and the IMF include neither the new overseas department of Mayotte, nor the overseas collectivities and New Caledonia when they publish economic figures of France.

Per capita GDP[edit]

Figures are in US dollars at market exchange rates and not at purchasing power parity (PPP). There exist no calculations of GDP at PPP for the French regions and overseas collectivities. The cost of life in the overseas regions and collectivities, however, is significantly higher than in Metropolitan France (from 6% higher in Réunion to 34% higher in New Caledonia),[13] which should be kept in mind when comparing the figures in the table.

List of French regions and overseas collectivities by nominal GDP per capita[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10]
2011
Rank
Regions & collectivities 2011 GDP per
capita (in US$)
2010 GDP per
capita (in US$)
2009 GDP per
capita (in US$)
2008 GDP per
capita (in US$)
1 Île-de-France (Paris Region) 71,126 66,051 66,229 72,543
 Metropolitan France 43,132 40,115 41,200 44,864
 France[Note 1] 42,664 39,681 40,747 44,363
2 Rhône-Alpes 42,503 39,547 40,833 44,890
3 Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur 40,649 37,551 38,274 41,013
4 Alsace 39,621 36,670 38,489 41,701
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 41,655
5 New Caledonia 38,921 36,623 35,497 37,494
6 Pays de la Loire 37,619 34,926 36,292 39,691
7 Upper Normandy 37,300 34,561 35,192 38,648
8 Aquitaine 37,198 34,784 36,135 38,642
9 Midi-Pyrénées 37,033 34,583 36,477 39,139
10 Champagne-Ardenne 36,171 34,124 35,426 39,426
11 Corsica 35,638 32,754 34,069 35,191
12 Centre 35,545 33,372 34,610 37,424
13 Burgundy 35,304 32,808 34,586 37,994
14 Brittany 34,814 32,331 34,025 37,196
15 Nord-Pas de Calais 34,422 31,961 33,157 36,033
16 Auvergne 34,107 31,601 32,873 35,735
17 Poitou-Charentes 33,931 31,764 32,624 35,159
18 Franche-Comté 33,688 31,322 32,400 35,608
19 Lower Normandy 33,000 30,838 31,880 34,704
20 Languedoc-Roussillon 32,776 30,525 32,354 34,792
21 Lorraine 32,574 30,462 31,986 34,818
22 Picardy 32,460 30,343 31,175 34,134
23 Limousin 32,236 30,294 31,654 34,089
24 Martinique 29,403 27,422 27,607 29,661
25 Guadeloupe 27,257 25,266 25,433 27,143
26 Réunion 26,595 24,849 25,702 28,032
French Polynesia 27,352
27 French Guiana 21,283 19,544 20,190 20,888
Mayotte 9,766
Saint Barthélemy Last data is from 1999. GDP per capita that year was US$27,737,[11] i.e. 113.5% of Metropolitan France's GDP per capita.
Saint Martin Last data is from 1999. GDP per capita that year was US$15,469,[11] i.e. 63.3% of Metropolitan France's GDP per capita.
Wallis and Futuna Last data is from 2005. GDP per capita that year was US$13,102,[12] i.e. 37.9% of Metropolitan France's GDP per capita.
Notes
  1. ^ Metropolitan France + the four old overseas departments of Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, and Réunion. INSEE, Eurostat, the World Bank, and the IMF include neither the new overseas department of Mayotte, nor the overseas collectivities and New Caledonia when they publish economic figures of France.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • Annual average exchange rates: GDP (in US$), according to IMF estimates of yearly exchange rates. €1.00 was equal to US$1.4717 in 2008, US$1.3928 in 2009, US$1.3269 in 2010, and US$1.3914 in 2011.