List of GNU packages
This list of GNU packages lists notable software packages developed for or maintained by the Free Software Foundation as part of the GNU Project. GNU is a Unix-like computer operating system composed entirely of free software. Many of these software packages are used together with the Linux kernel to build complete computer operating systems.
- 1 What it means to be a GNU package
- 2 Base system
- 3 Software development
- 4 User applications
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
What it means to be a GNU package
Summarising the situation in 2013, Richard Stallman identified nine aspects which generally apply to being a GNU package, but he noted that exceptions and flexibility are possible when there are good reasons:
- The package should say that it is a GNU package.
- It should be distributed via ftp.gnu.org, or another site offering access to everyone.
- The package's homepage should be on the GNU website.
- The developers must pay attention to making their software work well with other GNU packages.
- Documentation should be in Texinfo format, or in a format easily convertible to Texinfo.
- Should use GNU Guile for its extension language, but exceptions are explicitly possible in this regard.
- Should not recommend any non-free program, nor refer the user to any non-free documentation or non-free software.
- Use GNU terminology, such as GNU/Linux for the operating system and "free software" rather than "open source".
- The maintainer should be contactable, at least infrequently, to discuss problems in the software or fixing compatibility issues.
There is no official "base system" of the GNU operating system. GNU was designed to be a replacement for Unix operating systems of the 1980s and used the POSIX standards as a guide, but either definition would give a much larger "base system". The following list is instead a small set of GNU packages which seem closer to being "core" packages than being in any of the further down sections. Inclusions (such as plotutils) and exclusions (such as the C standard library) are of course debatable.
|Name||Description||Provides||Version [Note 1]|
|bash||GNU's UNIX compatible shell||bash||4.2 (February 13, 2011[±])|
|coreutils||base commands||fileutils: chgrp, chown, chmod, cp, dd, df, dir, du, ln, ls, mkdir, mkfifo, mknod, mv, rm, etc.
||8.23 (July 18, 2014[±])|
|cpio||archiving program||cpio||2.11 (March 10, 2010[±])|
|diffutils||contains utilies to compare files||diff, cmp, diff3, sdiff||3.2 (September 2, 2011)|
|findutils||contains search utilities||find, locate, xargs||4.4.2, (June 6, 2009)|
|finger||user information||n/a||1.37, (October 28, 1992)|
|grep||search for strings in files||grep||2.10, (November 16, 2011)|
|groff||document processing system (groff)||groff||1.22.2 (February 7, 2013) [±]|
|GRUB||GRand Unified Bootloader||grub||2.00 (GRUB2) (June 27, 2012[±])|
|gzip||compression program (gzip)||gzip||1.6 (June 9, 2013[±])|
|hurd [Note 2]||microkernel-based set of servers that perform the same function as a UNIX kernel||n/a||0.5, (September 27, 2013)|
|inetutils||useful utils for networking||ftp, telnet, rsh, rlogin, tftp||1.9, (December 31, 2011)|
|linux-libre||kernel that is maintained from modified versions of the Linux kernel to remove any software that does not include its source code, has its source code obfuscated or released under proprietary licenses||n/a||3.12.6, (December 20, 2013)|
|plotutils||useful utils for plotting to different devices||graph, libplot, libplotter||2.6, (September 27, 2009)|
|readline||useful library for reading command lines||readline||6.2 (February 14, 2011[±])|
|screen||a terminal multiplexer||screen||4.2.1 (April 27, 2014[±])|
|sysutils[Note 3]||system utilities to manage users, groups, passwords, shells||add-shell, chage, chfn, chgroup, chgrpmem, chpasswd, chsh, chuser, cppw, expiry, gpasswd, grpck, gshadow, hwclock, isosize, last, lastlog, login, lsage, lsgroup, lsuser, mkgroup, mkuser, nologin, passwd, pwck, remove-shell, rmgroup, rmuser, setpwnam, vipw, wall, write||0.1.6 (2009)|
|tar||archiver able to create and handle file archives in various formats||tar||1.28 (July 28, 2014[±])|
|texinfo||documentation system for producing online and printed manuals||n/a||5.2 (September 26, 2013) [±]|
|time||program to determine the duration of execution of a particular command||time||1.7, (July 11, 1996)|
- Stable versions. Note that some distros (e.g., Gentoo) use some development versions in case the stable versions are a bit old.
- Note that because HURD is under active development, there is no stable version. Hurd is distributed through version control systems.
- No stable version yet. Current version is alpha and is not suitable for use in production systems.
- GNU Binutils – contains the GNU assembler (as) and the GNU linker (ld)
- GNU bison – parser generator intended to replace yacc
- GNU build system (autotools) – contains Autoconf, Automake, Autoheader, and Libtool
- GNU Compiler Collection – optimizing compiler for many programming languages, including C, C++, Fortran, Ada, and Java
- GNU Debugger (gdb) – an advanced debugger
- GNU m4 – macro processor
- GNU make – Make program for GNU
Other libraries and frameworks
The following libraries and software frameworks are often used in combination with the basic toolchain tools above to build software. (For libraries specifically designed to implement GUI desktops, see Graphical desktop.)
- BFD – object file library
- DotGNU – replacement for Microsoft .NET
- GNU C Library (glibc) – POSIX-compliant C library
- GNU Classpath – libraries for Java
- GNU FriBidi – a library that implements Unicode's Bidirectional Algorithm
- GNU gettext – internationalization library
- Gnulib – portability library designed for use with the GNU build system
- GNU libmicrohttpd – embeddable HTTP server
- GNU lightning – just-in-time compilation for generating machine language
- GNU oSIP – Session Initiation Protocol library to implement VoIP applications
- GNU Portable Threads (pth) – software threads for POSIX-compatible operating systems
Other compilers and interpreters
The following packages provide compilers and interpreters for programming languages beyond those included in the GNU Compiler Collection.
- CLISP – ANSI Common Lisp implementation (compiler, debugger, and interpreter)
- Gawk – GNU awk implementation
- GNU Cobol – COBOL compiler
- GNU Common Lisp – implementation of Common Lisp
- GNU MDK – a development kit for programming in MIX
- GNU Pascal – Pascal compiler
- GNU Smalltalk – ANSI Smalltalk-98 implementation (interpreter and class library)
- MIT/GNU Scheme – interpreter, compiler and library for the Scheme programming language developed at MIT
- SmartEiffel – GNU Eiffel compiler
Other developer tools
- Data Display Debugger – debugger front-end for several debuggers (ddd)
- GNU arch – distributed revision control system (deprecated in favor of GNU Bazaar)
- GNU AutoGen – active tier-style tool for automated code generation
- GNU Bazaar – distributed revision control system
- GNU cflow – generates C flow graphs
- GNU cppi – indents C preprocessor directives in files to reflect their nesting
- GNU Fontutils – font management utilities
- GNU gperf – perfect hash function generator
- GNU indent – program to indent C and C++ source code
The software listed below is generally useful to users not specifically engaged in software development.
- GIMP – GNU Image Manipulation Program, a bitmap image editor (similar to Photoshop)
- GTK+ – GIMP Toolkit, containing the GTK+, GDK, and GLib set of libraries (used by the GIMP and GNOME)
- GNOME – GNU Network Object Model Environment, the official GNU desktop platform
- GNUstep – implementation of the Cocoa/OpenStep libraries and development tools for graphical applications
- Window Maker – window manager for the GNUstep environment
General system administration
- GNU Accounting Utils – set of utilities providing statistics on users and processes (last, ac, accton, lastcomm, sa, dump-utmp, dump-acct)
- GNU Ddrescue – data recovery tool
- GNU Emacs – implementation of Emacs editor
- GNU fcrypt – on-the-fly encryption
- GNU Guix – package manager and distribution of the GNU System[clarification needed]
- GNU libextractor – metadata extraction library and tool
- GNU nano – text editor
- GNU parallel – shell tool for executing jobs in parallel
- GNU Parted – hard drive partitioning program
- GNU Privacy Guard – PGP encryption replacement
- GNU Stow – managing the installation of software packages
- pexec – shell tool for executing jobs in parallel
- GnowSys – kernel for semantic computing (a distributed agent oriented knowledge base.)
- GNU dbm (GDBM)
- GNU Ferret – Free Entity Relationship and Reverse Engineering Tool, an SQL database designer
- GMP – arbitrary precision numerical calculation programming library
- GNU Archimedes – TCAD software for semiconductor device simulations
- Gnucap – GNU Circuit Analysis Package
- GNU datamesh – programming language and command line utility for statistical computing
- GNU Electric – EDA software used to draw schematics and to do integrated circuit layout
- GNU Octave – program for numerical computations
- GSL – GNU Scientific Library
- GNU Units – unit conversion
- PSPP – statistical program similar to SPSS
- R – programming language and software environment for statistical computing and graphics
- XaoS – fractal zoomer
- GNU Alexandria – uses GNU Bayonne to provide access to electronic content and services for the blind over the public telephone network
- GNU Anubis – outgoing mail processor that sits between the Mail User Agent and the Mail Transport Agent
- GNU FM – federated[clarification needed] music community platform, most commonly associated with Libre.fm
- GNU Mailman – electronic mailing list management
- GNU MediaGoblin – decentralized media sharing
- GNU Social – distributed social network that is the continuation of the StatusNet codebase
- Gnu Sovix – PHP-based website revision system
- GNU wget – advanced file retrieval from networks and the Internet
- GNUnet – decentralized, peer-to-peer communication network designed to be resistant to censorship
- GnuTLS – TLS replacement protocol
- Gnuzilla – version of the Mozilla Application Suite containing free software only (includes GNU IceCat web-browser)
- lsh – implementation of the Secure Shell (SSH) protocol version 2
- GNU Aspell – spell-checker designed to eventually replace Ispell
- GNU gcal – calculating and printing calendars
- GNU Health – free health and hospital information system
- GNU Miscfiles – several data files including standard airport, country, and language codes
- GNU Typist – multi-lingual typing tutor
- GnuCash – financial accounting application
- GNUmed – medical practice management software
- Gnumeric – spreadsheet program (Excel compatible)
- Ocrad – optical character recognition
- 3DLDF – graphics package for producing three-dimensional technical drawings (especially for inclusion in TeX documents)
- Dia – vector graphics program for creating diagrams
- Gnash – player and browser plugin for the Adobe Flash file format
- GNU LibreDWG – library for reading and writing .dwg files (used in CAD applications)
- GNU LilyPond – music typesetting application
- Gnu Maverik – Virtual Reality microkernel
- Gnu Panorama – 3D framework, ray tracing
- GNU Backgammon – backgammon game
- GNUbik – implementation of the Rubik's Cube puzzle
- GNU Chess – chess engine for use with glChess, Xboard or similar
- GNU Go – implementation of the board game Go
- GNU Jump – based on Xjump; also known as SDL Jump
- GNU Kart – racing game
- GNU Robots – game for computer programmers
- Liquid War – war game
- Stallman, Richard (April 3, 2013). "Re: On the subject of Git, Bazaar, and the future of Emacs development". emacs-devel mailing list. https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/emacs-devel/2013-04/msg00109.html. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
- Stallman, Richard (April 3, 2013). "Re: On the subject of Git, Bazaar, and the future of Emacs development". emacs-devel mailing list. https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/emacs-devel/2013-04/msg00163.html. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
- Ramey, Chet (2011-02-16). "Bash-4.2 available for FTP". info-gnu mailing list. http://email@example.com/msg01139.html. Retrieved 2011-02-20.
- Brady, Pádraig (2014-07-18). "[coreutils-announce] coreutils-8.23 released [stable]". coreutils-announce mailing list. https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/coreutils-announce/2014-07/msg00000.html. Retrieved 2014-07-20.
- Poznyakoff, Sergey (2010-03-10). "cpio-2.11 released [stable]". info-gnu mailing list. http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/info-gnu/2010-03/msg00009.html. Retrieved 2010-03-21.
- Lemberg, Werner (2013-02-07). "groff 1.22.2 has been released". info-gnu. http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/info-gnu/2013-02/msg00002.html. Retrieved 2013-02-07.
- Meyering, Jim (2013-06-09). "gzip-1.6 released [stable]". Retrieved 2012-06-09.
- Ramey, Chet (2011-02-14). "Readline-6.2 available for FTP". info-gnu mailing list. http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/info-gnu/2011-02/msg00013.html. Retrieved 2011-05-20.
- subversion repository NEWS file of sysutils retrieved 2013-07-23
- Marston, Tim (2013-06-07). "GNU Typist 2.9.3 released". info-gnu. http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/info-gnu/2013-06/msg00002.html. Retrieved 2013-06-09.