List of GNU packages
This list of GNU packages lists notable software packages developed for or maintained by the Free Software Foundation as part of the GNU project, a Unix-like computer operating system composed entirely of free software. Many of these software packages are used together with the Linux kernel to build complete computer operating systems.
What it means to be a GNU package
Summarising the situation in 2013, Richard Stallman identified nine aspects which generally apply to being a GNU package, but he noted that exceptions and flexibility are possible when there are good reasons:
- The package should say that it is a GNU package
- It should be distributed via ftp.gnu.org, or another site offering access to everyone
- The package's homepage should be on the GNU website
- The developers must pay attention to making their software work well with other GNU packages
- Documentation should be in Texinfo format, or in a format easily convertible to Texinfo
- Should use GNU Guile for its extension language, but exceptions are explicitly possible in this regard
- Should not recommend any non-free program, nor refer the user to any non-free documentation or non-free software
- Use GNU terminology, such as GNU/Linux for the operating system and "free software" rather than "open source"
- The maintainer should be contactable, at least infrequently, to discuss problems in the software or fixing compatibility issues
There is no official "base system" of the GNU operating system. GNU was designed to be a replacement for Unix operating systems of the 1980s and used the POSIX standards as a guide, but either definition would give a much larger "base system". The following list is instead a small set of GNU packages which seem closer to being "core" packages than being in any of the further down sections. Inclusions (such as plotutils) and exclusions (such as the C standard library) are of course debatable.
|Bash||GNU's UNIX compatible shell||bash||4.2 (February 13, 2011[±])|
|coreutils||Base commands||fileutils: chgrp, chown, chmod, cp, dd, df, dir, du, ln, ls, mkdir, mkfifo, mknod, mv, rm, etc.
||8.22 (December 13, 2013[±])|
|cpio||archiving program||cpio||2.11 (March 10, 2010[±])|
|diffutils||contains utilies to compare files||diff, cmp, diff3, sdiff||3.2 (September 2, 2011)|
|findutils||contains search utilities||find, locate, xargs||4.4.2, (June 6, 2009)|
|finger||user information||n/a||1.37, (October 28, 1992)|
|grep||search for strings in files||grep||2.10, (November 16, 2011)|
|groff||document processing system (groff)||groff||1.22.2 (February 7, 2013) [±]|
|GRUB||GRand Unified Bootloader||grub||2.00 (GRUB2) (June 27, 2012[±])|
|gzip||compression program (gzip)||gzip||1.6 (June 9, 2013[±])|
|hurd 2||a microkernel-based set of servers that perform the same function as a UNIX kernel||n/a||0.5, (September 27, 2013)|
|inetutils||useful utils for networking||ftp, telnet, rsh, rlogin, tftp||1.9, (December 31, 2011)|
|linux-libre||a kernel that is maintained from modified versions of the Linux kernel to remove any software that does not include its source code, has its source code obfuscated or released under proprietary licenses.||n/a||3.12.6, (December 20, 2013)|
|plotutils||useful utils for plotting to different devices||graph, libplot, libplotter||2.6, (September 27, 2009)|
|readline||useful library for reading command lines||readline||6.2 (February 14, 2011[±])|
|screen||a terminal multiplexer||screen||4.2.1 (April 27, 2014[±])|
|sysutils3||system utilities to manage users, groups, passwords, shells||add-shell, chage, chfn, chgroup, chgrpmem, chpasswd, chsh, chuser, cppw, expiry, gpasswd, grpck, gshadow, hwclock, isosize, last, lastlog, login, lsage, lsgroup, lsuser, mkgroup, mkuser, nologin, passwd, pwck, remove-shell, rmgroup, rmuser, setpwnam, vipw, wall, write||0.1.6 (2009)|
|tar||Archiver able to create and handle file archives in various formats||tar||1.27 (October 5, 2013[±])|
|texinfo||documentation system for producing online and printed manuals||n/a||5.2 (September 26, 2013) [±]|
|time||program to determine the duration of execution of a particular command||time||1.7, (July 11, 1996)|
- Stable versions. Note that some distros (e.g., Gentoo) use some development versions in case the stable versions are a bit old.
- Note that because HURD is under active development, there is no stable version. Hurd is distributed through version control systems.
- No stable version yet. Current version is alpha and is not suitable for use in production systems.
- GNU build system – contains autoconf and automake
- Gnulib – portability library designed for use with the GNU build system
- GNU Binutils – contains the GNU assembler (as) and the GNU linker (ld)
- GNU make – the Make program for GNU
- GNU Compiler Collection – optimizing compiler for many programming languages, including C, C++, Fortran, Ada, and Java.
- Data Display Debugger – debugger front-end for several debuggers (ddd)
- GNU Debugger – an advanced debugger (gdb)
- GNU C Library (glibc) – POSIX compliant C library
- GNU pth – software threads for POSIX-compatible operating systems.
- GNU Libtool – Shared library support
- GNU libmicrohttpd – embeddable HTTP server
- GNU m4 – macro processor
- GNU gperf - perfect hash function generator
- GNU gettext – internationalization library
- GNU lightning – just-in-time compilation that generating machine language
- DotGNU – replacement for Microsoft .NET
- GNU Classpath – libraries for Java
- GNU bison – parser generator intended to replace yacc
- GNU Guile – embeddable Scheme interpreter (extension language)
- BFD – object file library
- GNU MDK – a development kit for programming in MIX
- GNU indent – a program to indent C and C++ source code.
- GNU FriBidi – a library that implements Unicode's Bidirectional Algorithm
- MIT/GNU Scheme – interpreter, compiler and library for the Scheme programming language developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
- SmartEiffel – the GNU Eiffel compiler
- GNU Smalltalk – ANSI Smalltalk-98 implementation (interpreter and class library).
- CLISP – ANSI Common Lisp implementation (compiler, debugger, and interpreter)
- GNU Common Lisp – an implementation of Common Lisp
- Gawk – GNU awk implementation
- GNU Fontutils – font management utilities
- GNU cflow – generate C flow graph
- GNU AutoGen – An active tier-style tool for automated code generation.
- GNU cppi – Indent the C preprocessor directives in files to reflect their nesting
- GNU Pascal
- GNU Cobol – COBOL compiler
- GIMP – the GNU Image Manipulation Program is a bitmap image editor that is similar to Photoshop
- GTK+ – the GIMP Toolkit, contains the GTK+, GDK, and GLib set of libraries (used by the GIMP and GNOME)
- GNOME – the GNU Network Object Model Environment, the official GNU Desktop
- Dia – a vector graphics program for creating diagrams
- GNUstep – implementation of the Cocoa/OpenStep libraries and development tools for graphical applications
- Window Maker – the window manager for the GNUstep-environment
Applications and utilities
- GNU Bazaar – distributed revision control system
- GNU arch – distributed revision control system
- Gnash – player and browser plugin for the Adobe Flash file format
- GNU Alexandria – package of the GNU system that makes use of GNU Bayonne to provide a means to deliver access to electronic content and services for the blind over the public telephone network
- GNU Anubis – outgoing mail processor that sits between the MUA (Mail User Agent) and the MTA (Mail Transport Agent)
- GNU Aspell – spell checker designed to eventually replace Ispell
- GNU Accounting Utils – set of utilities providing statistics on users and processes (last, ac, accton, lastcomm, sa, dump-utmp, dump-acct)
- GnuCash – GNU financial accounting application
- GNU Ddrescue – GNU data recovery tool
- GNU Emacs – Emacs editor of the GNU operating system
- GNU fcrypt - On the fly encryption
- GNU Health – Free Health and Hospital Information System
- GNUmed – medical practice management software
- Gnumeric – GNU spreadsheet program
- GNU libextractor – metadata extraction library and tool
- GNU LilyPond – music typesetting application
- GNU Mailman – computer software application from the GNU Project for managing electronic mailing lists
- GNU Parted – Partitioning program
- GNU nano - text editor
- GNU Parallel – build and execute command lines from standard input in parallel
- pexec – parallel execution of shell commands (on a single host or on multiple hosts involving SSH)
- GNU Privacy Guard – PGP encryption replacement
- GNU wget – advanced file retrieval from networks and the Internet
- GNUnet – decentralized, peer-to-peer communication network designed to be resistant to censorship
- GNU Robots – game for computer programmers
- GnuTLS – TLS replacement protocol
- GNU Typist – Universal (multi-lingual) typing tutor.
- Gnuzilla – Internet suite
- GNU Ferret – Free Entity Relationship and Reverse Engineering Tool. SQL database designer
- lsh – implementation of the Secure Shell (SSH) protocol version 2
- Ocrad – GNU Optical Character Recognition
- GNU Stow – program for managing the installation of software packages.
- GNU gcal – program for calculating and printing calendars.
- GNU Units - software program for unit conversion.
- GNU Guix - package manager and distribution of the GNU System.
|GNU Octave||A program for numerical computations.|
|GSL||The GNU Scientific Library|
|GMP||arbitrary precision numerical calculation programming library|
|PSPP||A statistical program that rivals SPSS|
|GNU R||a programming language and software environment for statistical computing and graphics|
|GNU Electric||an EDA software used to draw schematics and to do integrated circuit layout.|
|GNU Archimedes||a TCAD software for semiconductor device simulations.|
|GNU XaoS||fractal zoomer|
- GNU Backgammon - A backgammon game
- GNUbik - A free software implementation of Rubiks Cube
- GNU Chess - A chess game engine for use with glChess, Xboard or similar
- GNU Go - An implementation of Go (game)
- GNU Jump - Game where the goal is to climb a tower jumping the platforms trying not to fall down
- GNU Kart - Racing game
- Liquid War - war game
- GNU Miscfiles – several data files including standard airport, country, and language codes
- GnowSys – a kernel for semantic computing (a distributed agent oriented knowledge base.)
- Gnucap – the GNU Circuit Analysis Package
- Gnu Panorama – 3D Framework, ray tracing
- Gnu Sovix – PHP-based website revision system
- Gnu Maverik – Virtual Reality microkernel
- 3DLDF – graphics package
- GNU LibreDWG – Library for reading and writing .dwg files
- GNU dbm (or GDBM)
- GNU FM – A federated music community platform, most commonly associated with Libre.fm
- GNU MediaGoblin – Decentralized media sharing
- GNU social – A distributed social network that is the continuation of the StatusNet codebase
- GNU OSIP – A Session_Initiation_Protocol library to implement VoIP Applications
- Ramey, Chet (2011-02-16). "Bash-4.2 available for FTP". info-gnu mailing list. http://email@example.com/msg01139.html. Retrieved 2011-02-20.
- Brady, Pádraig (2013-12-13). "[coreutils-announce] coreutils-8.22 released [stable]". coreutils-announce mailing list. https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/coreutils-announce/2013-12/msg00000.html. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
- Poznyakoff, Sergey (2010-03-10). "cpio-2.11 released [stable]". info-gnu mailing list. http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/info-gnu/2010-03/msg00009.html. Retrieved 2010-03-21.
- Lemberg, Werner (2013-02-07). "groff 1.22.2 has been released". info-gnu. http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/info-gnu/2013-02/msg00002.html. Retrieved 2013-02-07.
- Meyering, Jim (2013-06-09), gzip-1.6 released [stable], retrieved 2012-06-09
- Ramey, Chet (2011-02-14). "Readline-6.2 available for FTP". info-gnu mailing list. http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/info-gnu/2011-02/msg00013.html. Retrieved 2011-05-20.
- subversion repository NEWS file of sysutils retrieved 2013-07-23
- Marston, Tim (2013-06-07). "GNU Typist 2.9.3 released". info-gnu. http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/info-gnu/2013-06/msg00002.html. Retrieved 2013-06-09.