List of GOES satellites

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SMS-derived GOES satellite

This is a list of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites. GOES spacecraft are operated by the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, with NASA responsible for research and development, and later procurement of spacecraft.

The first three GOES satellites used a Philco-Ford bus developed for NASA's Synchronous Meteorological Satellites, which preceded GOES.[1] Two SMS satellites had been launched; SMS-1 in May 1974, and SMS-2 in February 1975. The first GOES satellite, GOES 1, was launched in October 1975. Two more followed, launching almost two minutes short of a year apart, on 16 June 1977 and 1978 respectively. The SMS-derived satellites were spin stabilized spacecraft, which provided imagery through a Visible and Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer, or VISSR.

Following the three SMS GOES spacecraft, five satellites were procured from Hughes, which became the first generation GOES satellites. Four of these reached orbit, with GOES-G being lost in a launch failure.[2]

First generation GOES satellite

The next five GOES satellites were constructed by Space Systems/Loral, under contract to NASA.[3] The imager and sounder instruments were produced by ITT Aerospace/Communication Division. GOES 8 and 9 were designed to operate for three years, while 10, 11 and 12 have expected lifespans of five years. GOES 11 and 12 were launched carrying enough fuel for ten years of operation, in the event that they survived beyond their expected lifespan.

A contract to develop four third-generation GOES satellites was awarded to Hughes Corporation, with the satellites scheduled for launch on Delta III rockets between 2002 and 2010.[4] After a merger with Hughes, Boeing took over the development contracts, with launches transferred to the Delta IV, following the Delta III's retirement. The contract for the fourth satellite, GOES-Q, was later cancelled,[5] and that satellite will only be completed in the event that another third generation satellite is lost in a launch failure, or fails soon after launch. The first third generation satellite, GOES 13, was launched in May 2006, originally serving as an on-orbit backup.[6] However, in April 2010, GOES 12 was moved to South America coverage and GOES 13 was moved to the GOES EAST role.[7] Third generation satellites have an expected lifespan of seven years, but will carry excess fuel to allow them to operate for longer if possible, as with the last two second generation satellites.

Operational Positions
Name Longitude Satellite
GOES-EAST 75°W GOES 13
GOES-WEST 135°W GOES 15[8]
GOES-SOUTH 60°W Vacant

The fourth generation satellites, the GOES-R series,[9] are being developed by Lockheed Martin, with the first launch planned for 2016.[9] The GOES-R series is a four-satellite program (GOES-R, S, T and U) that will extend the availability of the operational GOES satellite system through 2036.[10]

Imagery[edit]

Satellites[edit]

Designation Launch Date/Time (UTC) Rocket Launch Site Longitude First Image Status Retirement Remarks
Launch Operational

SMS-derived satellites[edit]

GOES-A GOES 1 October 16, 1975, 22:40 Delta 2914 CCAFS LC-17A October 25, 1975 Retired March 7, 1985[11]
GOES-B GOES 2 June 16, 1977, 10:51 Delta 2914 CCAFS LC-17B 60°W Retired 1993[12] Reactivated as comsat in 1995,[12] finally deactivated in May 2001
GOES-C GOES 3 June 16, 1978, 10:49 Delta 2914 CCAFS LC-17B Retired 1993[13] Reactivated as comsat in 1995,[13] still operational

First Generation[edit]

GOES-D GOES 4 September 9, 1980, 22:57 Delta 3914 CCAFS LC-17A 135°W Retired November 22, 1988[14]
GOES-E GOES 5 May 22, 1981, 22:29 Delta 3914 CCAFS LC-17A 75°W Retired July 18, 1990[15]
GOES-F GOES 6 April 28, 1983, 22:26 Delta 3914 CCAFS LC-17A 136°W[16] Retired January 21, 1989[16]
GOES-G N/A May 3, 1986, 22:18 Delta 3914 CCAFS LC-17A 135°W (planned) N/A Failed +71 seconds Launch failure[17]
GOES-H GOES 7 February 26, 1987, 23:05 Delta 3914 CCAFS LC-17A 75°W, 98°W, 112°W, 135°W, 95°W, 175°W Retired January 1996[18] Reactivated as comsat for Peacesat from 1999-2012, moved to graveyard orbit April 12, 2012.[18]

Second Generation[edit]

GOES-I GOES 8 April 13, 1994, 06:04 Atlas I CCAFS LC-36B 75°W May 9, 1994 Retired May 4, 2004[19] In graveyard orbit
GOES-J GOES 9 May 23, 1995, 05:52 Atlas I CCAFS LC-36B 135°W, 155°E June 19, 1995 Retired June 14, 2007[20] In graveyard orbit
GOES-K GOES 10 April 25, 1997, 05:49 Atlas I CCAFS LC-36B 135°W, 65°W May 13, 1997 Retired 1 December 2009[21] In graveyard orbit
GOES-L GOES 11 May 3, 2000, 07:07 Atlas IIA CCAFS SLC-36A 135°W May 17, 2000 Retired 16 December 2011[22] Retired, Drifting west
GOES-M GOES 12 July 23, 2001, 07:23 Atlas IIA CCAFS SLC-36A 60°W August 17, 2001 Decommissioned August 16, 2013 Operated at GOES-South covering South America, and retained as spare, following replacement at GOES-East by GOES 13.

Third Generation[edit]

GOES-N GOES 13 May 24, 2006, 22:11 Delta IV-M+(4,2) CCAFS SLC-37B 75°W June 22, 2006 Active GOES East, temporarily deactivated due to imagery system malfunction,[23] since returned to service
GOES-O GOES 14 June 27, 2009, 22:51 Delta IV-M+(4,2) CCAFS SLC-37B 105°W 27 July 2009 Active On-orbit spare, was used to cover GOES East imagery and moved into position following GOES 13 malfunction in 2012,[23] also activated to cover GOES 13 outage in mid-2013
GOES-P GOES 15 4 March 2010, 23:57 Delta IV-M+(4,2) CCAFS SLC-37B 89.5°W, 135°W 7 April 2010 Active[24] GOES West
Scheduled launches

Fourth Generation (GOES-R Series)[edit]

GOES-R Early 2016[10] Atlas V 541 CCAFS
GOES-S 2017[10] Atlas V 541 CCAFS
GOES-T 2019[10] EELV CCAFS
GOES-U 2025[10] EELV CCAFS

References[edit]

  1. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "SMS 1, 2 / GOES 1, 2, 3". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  2. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "GOES 4, 5, 6, G, 7". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  3. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "GOES 8, 9, 10, 11, 12". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  4. ^ "GOES-NO/PQ Status". NASA. 2006-06-13. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  5. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "GOES N, O, P, Q". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  6. ^ "GOES-NEWS". NASA. 2009-05-09. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  7. ^ "GOES-13 is America’s New GOES-EAST Satellite". NASA. 2009-04-16. Retrieved 2011-09-12. 
  8. ^ "GOES Spacecraft Status Main Page". NOAA. Retrieved 2011-12-27. 
  9. ^ a b "GOES-R Mission Overview". GOES-R Program Office. Retrieved 2014-08-29. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "GOES Flyout Schedule". NOAA Satellite and Information Service. Retrieved 2014-08-29. 
  11. ^ "GOES-1". ESE 40th Anniversary. NASA. 1999-05-12. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  12. ^ a b "GOES-2". ESE 40th Anniversary. NASA. 1999-04-22. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  13. ^ a b "GOES-3". ESE 40th Anniversary. NASA. 1999-04-22. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  14. ^ "GOES-4". ESE 40th Anniversary. NASA. 1999-04-22. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  15. ^ "GOES-5". ESE 40th Anniversary. NASA. 1999-04-22. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  16. ^ a b "GOES-6". ESE 40th Anniversary. NASA. 1999-04-22. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  17. ^ "GOES-G". ESE 40th Anniversary. NASA. 1999-04-22. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  18. ^ a b "GOES-7". ESE 40th Anniversary. NASA. 1999-04-22. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  19. ^ "GOES-8 STATUS". NASA. 2004-04-15. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  20. ^ "GOES-9 STATUS". NASA. 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  21. ^ "NOAA Deactivates GOES-10 after 12 Years of Tracking Storms". NOAA. 2009-12-02. Retrieved 2009-12-03. 
  22. ^ "GOES-11 Status Page". NOAA. Retrieved 2011-12-27. 
  23. ^ a b Clark, Stephen (2 October 2012). "NOAA moves spare satellite in position over Atlantic". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 6 October 2012. 
  24. ^ "GOES-15 Status Page". NOAA. Retrieved 2011-12-27.