List of Galliformes by population

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of Galliformes species by global population. While numbers are estimates, they have been made by the experts in their fields. For more information on how these estimates were ascertained, see Wikipedia's articles on population biology and population ecology.

This list is not comprehensive, as not all Galliformes have had their numbers quantified.

Species by global population[edit]

Common name Binomial name Population Status Trend Notes Image
Himalayan Quail Ophrysia superciliosa 50[1] CR[1] Unknown[1] Maximum estimate; possibly extinct.[1] Ophrysia superciliosa.jpg
Trinidad Piping Guan Pipile pipile 70 – 200[2] CR[2] Decrease[2] Population is likely toward the top of this band.[2]
Alagoas Curassow Mitu mitu 130[3] EW[3] N/A Total world population now held in two aviaries; 35% of individuals are hybrids.[3] Mitu mitu 1838.jpg
White-winged Guan Penelope albipennis 150 – 249[4] CR[4] Decrease[4]
Red-knobbed Curassow Crax blumenbachii 200 – 249[5] EN[5] Decrease[5] Crax blumenbachii (male).jpg
Blue-knobbed Curassow Crax alberti 250 – 999[6] CR[6] Decrease[6] Crax albertiPCCA20051227-1981B.jpg
Djibouti Francolin Francolinus ochropectus 300 – 750[7] CR[7] Decrease[7]
Cauca Guan Penelope perspicax 350 – 1500[8] EN[8] Decrease[8]
Hainan Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron katsumatae 350 – 1500[9] EN[9] Decrease[9] Preliminary estimate.[9]
Wattled Curassow Crax globulosa 350 – 1500[10] EN[10] Decrease[10] Numbers may be underestimated.[10] Crax globulosa.jpg
Tongan Megapode Megapodius pritchardii 680 – 970[11] EN[11] Decrease[11] MegapodiusPritchardiiBuller.jpg
Bornean Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron schleiermacheri 1000 – 2499[12] EN[12] Decrease[12]
Chestnut-bellied Guan Penelope ochrogaster 1000 – 2499[13] VU[13] Decrease[13]
Horned Guan Oreophasis derbianus 1000 – 2499[14] EN[14] Decrease[14] Horned Guan.jpg
Mount Cameroon Francolin Francolinus camerunensis 1000 – 2499[15] EN[15] Decrease[15]
Vietnamese Pheasant Lophura hatinhensis 1000 – 2499[16] EN[16] Decrease[16] Lophura hatinhensis -Camperdown Wildlife Centre, Dundee, Angus, Scotland -pair-8a.jpg
Crimson-headed Partridge Haematortyx sanguiniceps 1000 – 10 000[17] LC[17] Decrease[17] Haematortyx sanguiniceps.jpg
Tanimbar Megapode Megapodius tenimberensis 1000 – 10 000[18] NT[18] Decrease[18]
Waigeo Brushturkey Aepypodius bruijnii 1400[19] EN[19] Decrease[19] Minimum estimate.[19]
Helmeted Curassow Pauxi pauxi 1500 – 4000[20] EN[20] Decrease[20] NorthernHelmetedCurassow02.jpg
Sichuan Partridge Arborophila rufipectus 1500 – 4000[21] EN[21] Decrease[21]
Horned Curassow Pauxi unicornis 1500 – 7500[22] EN[22] Decrease[22] Southern Helmeted Curassow.jpg
Micronesian Megapode Megapodius laperouse 2000 – 2500[23] EN[23] Decrease[23] Micronesian megapode 7(Megapodius laperouse).jpg
Gorgeted Wood Quail Odontophorus strophium 2000 – 4300[24] EN[24] Decrease[24]
Gunnison Grouse Centrocercus minimus 2500 – 2600[25] EN[25] Decrease[25] Centrocercus minimus.jpg
Black-fronted Piping Guan Pipile jacutinga 2500 – 9999[26] EN[26] Decrease[26] Aburria jacutinga -Parque das Aves-8.jpg
Black-fronted Wood Quail Odontophorus atrifrons 2500 – 9999[27] VU[27] Decrease[27]
Malayan Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron malacense 2500 – 9999[28] VU[28] Decrease[28] BxZ Polyplectron malacense 02.jpg
Orange-necked Partridge Arborophila davidi 2500 – 9999[29] NT[29] Decrease[29]
Rufous-headed Chachalaca Ortalis erythroptera 2500 – 9999[30] VU[30] Decrease[30]
Taiwan Partridge Arborophila crudigularis 2500 – 9999[31] NT[31] Decrease[31]
Venezuelan Wood Quail Odontophorus columbianus 2500 – 9999[32] NT[32] Decrease[32]
Udzungwa Forest Partridge Xenoperdix udzungwensis 3000 – 4000[33] EN[33] Steady[33]
Biak Scrubfowl Megapodius geelvinkianus 3500 – 15 000[34] VU[34] Decrease[34]
Blyth's Tragopan Tragopan blythii 3500 – 15 000[35] VU[35] Decrease[35] Tragopan blythii01.jpg
Bulwer's Pheasant Lophura bulweri 3500 – 15 000[36] VU[36] Decrease[36] Lophura bulweri.jpg
Cabot's Tragopan Tragopan caboti 3500 – 15 000[37] VU[37] Decrease[37] Cabot's Tragopan.JPG
Chestnut-breasted Partridge Arborophila mandellii 3500 – 15 000[38] VU[38] Decrease[38]
Chestnut Wood Quail Odontophorus hyperythrus 3500 – 15 000[39] NT[39] Decrease[39]
Congo Peacock Afropavo congensis 3500 – 15 000[40] VU[40] Decrease[40] Afropavo congensis -Antwerp Zoo -pair-8a.jpg
Hoogerwerf's Pheasant Lophura hoogerwerfi 3500 – 15 000[41] VU[41] Decrease[41]
Chinese grouse Bonasa sewerzowi 3500 - 15 000
Manipur Bush Quail Perdicula manipurensis 3500 – 15 000[42] VU[42] Decrease[42] ManipurBushQuail.jpg
Mountain Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron inopinatum 3500 – 15 000[43] VU[43] Decrease[43]
Reeves's Pheasant Syrmaticus reevesii 3500 – 15 000[44] VU[44] Decrease[44] Syrmaticus reevesii -Norway -captive-8.jpg
Salvadori's Pheasant Lophura inornata 3500 – 15 000[45] VU[45] Decrease[45] Salvadoris Pheasant.jpg
Sclater's Monal Lophophorus sclateri 3500 – 15 000[46] VU[46] Decrease[46]
Vanuatu Megapode Megapodius layardi 3500 – 15 000[47] VU[47] Decrease[47]
White-browed Guan Penelope jacucaca 3500 – 15 000[48] VU[48] Decrease[48]
Hainan Partridge Arborophila ardens 3900 – 5200[49] VU[49] Decrease[49]
Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichi 4000 – 6000[50] VU[50] Decrease[50] Catreus wallichii.jpg
Swinhoe's Pheasant Lophura swinhoii 5000 – 10 000[51] NT[51] Decrease[51] Swinhoe's Pheasant 0673.jpg
Brown Eared Pheasant Crossoptilon mantchuricum 5000 – 17 000[52] VU[52] Decrease[52] Crossoptilon mantchuricum -USA -captive-8a.jpg
Bearded Wood Partridge Dendrortyx barbatus 5400[53] VU[53] Decrease[53]
Wattled Guan Aburria aburri 10 000[54] NT[54] Decrease[54]
White-crested Guan Penelope pileata 10 000[55] VU[55] Decrease[55] Preliminary minimum estimate.[55] Penelope pileata.jpg
Bearded Guan Penelope barbata 10 000 – 19 999[56] VU[56] Decrease[56] Preliminary estimate.[56]
Crested Argus Rheinardia ocellata 10 000 – 19 999[57] NT[57] Decrease[57] Trĩ sao, con mái.JPG
Dark-backed Wood Quail Odontophorus melanonotus 10 000 – 20 000[58] VU[58] Decrease[58] Dark-backed Wood-quail (Odontophorus melanonotus) (5198407854).jpg
Germain's Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron germaini 10 000 – 19 999[59] NT[59] Decrease[59] Polyplectron germaini -Diergaarde Blijdorp-8.jpg
Harwood's Francolin Francolinus harwoodi 10 000 – 19 999[60] VU[60] Decrease[60] Preliminary estimate.[60]
Mikado Pheasant Syrmaticus mikado 10 000 – 19 999[61] NT[61] Decrease[61] Mikado Pheasant 398.jpg
Mrs. Hume's Pheasant Syrmaticus humiae 10 000 – 19 999[62] NT[62] Decrease[62] Syrmaticus humiae.jpg
Ring-necked Francolin Francolinus streptophorus 10 000 – 19 999[63] NT[63] Decrease[63]
Satyr Tragopan Tragopan satyra 10 000 – 19 999[64] NT[64] Decrease[64] Reichshof Eckenhagen - Park - Tragopan satyra 04 ies.jpg
Tacarcuna Wood Quail Odontophorus dialeucos 10 000 – 19 999[65] VU[65] Steady[65] Preliminary estimate.[65]
Chinese Monal Lophophorus lhuysii 10 000 – 25 000[66] VU[66] Decrease[66] Lvwhzh.jpg
Baudo Guan Penelope ortoni 10 000 – 32 000[67] EN[67] Decrease[67]
Yellow-knobbed Curassow Crax daubentoni 10 000 – 40 000[68] NT[68] Decrease[68] Yellow-knobbed Curassow SMTC.jpg
Caspian Snowcock Tetraogallus caspius 10 000 – 50 000[69] LC[69] Decrease[69] Preliminary estimate.[69] Tetraogallus caspius.jpg
White Eared Pheasant Crossoptilon crossoptilon 10 000 – 50 000[70] NT[70] Decrease[70] WhiteEaredPheasantHead.jpg
Great Curassow Crax rubra 10 000 – 60 000[71] VU[71] Decrease[71] Crax rubra -Parque Municipal Summit, Panama-6a.jpg
Dusky Megapode Megapodius freycinet 10 000 – 100 000[72] LC[72] Decrease[72]
Maleo Macrocephalon maleo 12 000 – 21 000[73] EN[73] Decrease[73] Maleo bird.PNG
Red-throated Piping Guan Pipile cujubi 15 000 – 25 000[74] LC[74] Decrease[74]
Black Partridge Melanoperdix niger 15 000 – 30 000[75] VU[75] Decrease[75]
Crestless Fireback Lophura erythrophthalma 15 000 – 30 000[76] VU[76] Decrease[76]
Green Peafowl Pavo muticus 15 000 – 30 000[77] EN[77] Decrease[77] Preliminary estimate.[77] Green Peafowl, Hanoi.jpg
Sula Megapode Megapodius bernsteinii 15 000 – 30 000[78] VU[78] Decrease[78]
Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis 15 000 – 30 000[79] VU[79] Decrease[79] Francolinus gularis hm.jpg
Lesser Prairie Chicken Tympanuchus pallidicinctus 20 000 – 40 000[80] VU[80] Decrease[80] Lesser Prairie Chicken, New Mexico.jpg
Buffy-crowned Wood Partridge Dendrortyx leucophrys 20 000 – 49 999[81] LC[81] Decrease[81] Buffycrownedwoodpartridge.jpg
Chestnut-headed Partridge Arborophila cambodiana 20 000 – 50 000[82] LC[82] Decrease[82]
Crested Guan Penelope purpurascens 20 000 – 49 999[83] LC[83] Decrease[83] Penelope purpurascens wild.jpg
Long-tailed Wood Partridge Dendrortyx macroura 20 000 – 49 999[84] LC[84] Decrease[84]
Moluccan Megapode Eulipoa wallacei 20 000 – 49 999[85] VU[85] Decrease[85]
Ocellated Turkey Meleagris ocellata 20 000 – 49 999[86] NT[86] Decrease[86] Meleagris ocellata -Guatemala-8a.jpg
Palawan Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron napoleonis 20 000 – 49 999[87] VU[87] Decrease[87] Palawan peacock.jpg
Siamese Fireback Lophura diardi 20 000 – 49 999[88] LC[88] Decrease[88] Lophura diardi -Florida, USA -captive-8a (2).jpg
Spotted Wood Quail Odontophorus guttatus 20 000 – 49 999[89] LC[89] Decrease[89]
Salvin's Curassow Mitu salvini 50 000[90] LC[90] Decrease[90] Maximum estimate.[90]
Nahan's Partridge Francolinus nahani 50 000 – 99 999[91] EN[91] Decrease[91]
Banded Quail Philortyx fasciatus 50 000 – 499 999[92] LC[92] Steady[92]
Elegant Quail Callipepla douglasii 50 000 – 499 999[93] LC[93] Increase[93]
Rufous-bellied Chachalaca Ortalis wagleri 50 000 – 499 999[94] LC[94] Decrease[94] Ortalis wagleri 1902.jpg
Singing Quail Dactylortyx thoracicus 50 000 – 499 999[95] LC[95] Decrease[95]
West Mexican Chachalaca Ortalis poliocephala 50 000 – 499 999[96] LC[96] Decrease[96] Ortalis poliocephala -Huatulco, Mexico-8.jpg
White-bellied Chachalaca Ortalis leucogastra 50 000 – 499 999[97] LC[97] Steady[97]
Yucatan Bobwhite Colinus nigrogularis 50 000 – 499 999[98] LC[98] Steady[98]
Caucasian Grouse Tetrao mlokosiewiczi 60 000 – 108 000[99] NT[99] Decrease[99]
White-breasted Guineafowl Agelastes meleagrides 85 000 – 115 000[100] VU[100] Decrease[100] Estimate dates from 1995.[100]
Highland Guan Penelopina nigra 91 000[101] VU[101] Decrease[101] Maximum estimate.[101] Penelopina nigra -Guatemala-4.jpg
Caucasian Snowcock Tetraogallus caucasicus 96 000 – 201 000[102] LC[102] Steady[102]
Temminck's Tragopan Tragopan temminckii 100 000[103] LC[103] Decrease[103] Tragopan satyra, ZOO Praha 158.jpg
Great Argus Argusianus argus 100 000[104] NT[104] Decrease[104] Minimum estimate.[104] Argusianus argus -Lok Kawi Wildlife Park, Malaysia -male-8a.jpg
Elliot's Pheasant Syrmaticus ellioti 100 000 – 200 000[105] NT[105] Decrease[105] Bjchwzh.jpg
Orange-footed Scrubfowl Megapodius reinwardt 100 000 – 1 000 000[106] LC[106] Steady[106] Megapodius reinwardt tumulus 1.jpg
Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca 120 000 – 230 000[107] NT[107] Decrease[107] Steinhuhn.jpg
Malleefowl Leipoa ocellata 150 000[108] VU[108] Decrease[108] Leipoa ocellata.jpg
Plain Chachalaca Ortalis vetula 500 000 – 4 999 999[109] LC[109] Steady[109] Plain Chachalaca-juveniles.jpg
Greater Prairie Chicken Tympanuchus cupido 700 000[110] VU[110] Decrease[110] Prairie Chicken-Attwater's.JPG
Chukar Partridge Alectoris chukar 2 000 000 – 10 000 000[111] LC[111] Steady[111] Preliminary estimate.[111] Chukar Partridge Leh.jpg
Grey Partridge Perdix perdix 5 000 000 – 10 000 000[112] LC[112] Decrease[112] Preliminary estimate.[112] Perdix perdix 2 (Marek Szczepanek).jpg
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus 5 000 000 – 10 000 000[113] LC[113] Decrease[113] Preliminary estimate.[113] Basoilarra.jpg
Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufa 6 000 000 – 13 500 000[114] LC[114] Decrease[114] Perdrix-rouge.jpg
Rock Ptarmigan Lagopus muta 8 000 000[115] LC[115] Decrease[115] Minimum estimate.[115] Rock Ptarmigan (Lagopus Muta).jpg
Black Grouse Tetrao tetrix 15 000 000 – 40 000 000[116] NT[116] Decrease[116] Preliminary estimate.[116] Flickr - Rainbirder - Black Grouse (Tetrao tetrix) Male.jpg
Hazel Grouse Bonasa bonasia 15 000 000 – 40 000 000[117] LC[117] Decrease[117] Preliminary estimate.[117] Haselhuhn-01.jpg
Common Quail Coturnix coturnix 35 000 000 – 300 000 000[118] LC[118] Decrease[118] Preliminary estimate.[118] Weibliche Wachtel (Coturnix coturnix).jpg
Willow Ptarmigan Lagopus lagopus 40 000 000[119] LC[119] Decrease[119] Minimum estimate.[119] Lagopus in Abisko.jpg
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 45 000 000 – 300 000 000[120] LC[120] Decrease[120] Preliminary estimate.[120] Phasianus colchicus 2 tom (Lukasz Lukasik).jpg
Red Junglefowl/Chicken Gallus gallus 24 000 000 000[121] LC[122] Decrease[122] Figure refers to domesticated Chickens only, and is a minimum estimate. [121] Female pair.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Ophrysia superciliosa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  2. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Pipile pipile". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  3. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Mitu mitu". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  4. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Penelope albipennis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  5. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Crax blumenbachii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  6. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Crax alberti". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  7. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Francolinus ochropectus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  8. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Penelope perspicax". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  9. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Polyplectron katsumatae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  10. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Crax globulosa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  11. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Megapodius pritchardii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  12. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Polyplectron schleiermacheri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  13. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Penelope ochrogaster". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  14. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Oreophasis derbianus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  15. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Francolinus camerunensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  16. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Lophura hatinhensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  17. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Haematortyx sanguiniceps". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  18. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Megapodius tenimberensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  19. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Aepypodius bruijnii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-28. 
  20. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Pauxi pauxi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  21. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Arborophila rufipectus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  22. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Pauxi unicornis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  23. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Megapodius laperouse". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  24. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Odontophorus strophium". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  25. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Centrocercus minimus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  26. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Pipile jacutinga". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  27. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Odontophorus atrifrons". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  28. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Polyplectron malacense". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  29. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Arborophila davidi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  30. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Ortalis erythroptera". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  31. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Arborophila crudigularis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  32. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Odontophorus columbianus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  33. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Xenoperdix udzungwensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  34. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Megapodius geelvinkianus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  35. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Tragopan blythii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  36. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Lophura bulweri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  37. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Tragopan caboti". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  38. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Arborophila mandellii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  39. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Odontophorus hyperythrus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  40. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Afropavo congensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-28. 
  41. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Lophura hoogerwerfi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  42. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Perdicula manipurensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  43. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Polyplectron inopinatum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  44. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Syrmaticus reevesii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  45. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Lophura inornata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  46. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Lophophorus sclateri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  47. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Megapodius layardi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  48. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Penelope jacucaca". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  49. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Arborophila ardens". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  50. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Catreus wallichi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  51. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Lophura swinhoii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  52. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Crossoptilon mantchuricum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  53. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Dendrortyx barbatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  54. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Aburria aburri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-28. 
  55. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Penelope pileata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  56. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Penelope barbata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  57. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Rheinardia ocellata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  58. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Odontophorus melanonotus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  59. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Polyplectron germaini". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  60. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Francolinus harwoodi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  61. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Syrmaticus mikado". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  62. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Syrmaticus humiae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  63. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Francolinus streptophorus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  64. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Tragopan satyra". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  65. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Odontophorus dialeucos". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  66. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Lophophorus lhuysii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  67. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Penelope ortoni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  68. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Crax daubentoni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  69. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Tetraogallus caspius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  70. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Crossoptilon crossoptilon". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  71. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Crax rubra". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  72. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Megapodius freycinet". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  73. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Macrocephalon maleo". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  74. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Pipile cujubi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  75. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Melanoperdix niger". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  76. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Lophura erythrophthalma". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  77. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Pavo muticus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  78. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Megapodius bernsteinii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  79. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Francolinus gularis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  80. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Tympanuchus pallidicinctus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  81. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Dendrortyx leucophrys". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  82. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Arborophila cambodiana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  83. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Penelope purpurascens". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  84. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Dendrortyx macroura". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  85. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Eulipoa wallacei". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  86. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Meleagris ocellata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  87. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Polyplectron napoleonis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  88. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Lophura diardi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  89. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Odontophorus guttatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  90. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Mitu salvini". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  91. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Francolinus nahani". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  92. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Philortyx fasciatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  93. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Callipepla douglasii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  94. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Ortalis wagleri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  95. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Dactylortyx thoracicus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  96. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Ortalis poliocephala". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  97. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Ortalis leucogastra". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  98. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Colinus nigrogularis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  99. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Tetrao mlokosiewiczi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  100. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Agelastes meleagrides". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-28. 
  101. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Penelopina nigra". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  102. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Tetraogallus caucasicus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  103. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Tragopan temminckii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  104. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Argusianus argus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  105. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Syrmaticus ellioti". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  106. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Megapodius reinwardt". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  107. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Alectoris graeca". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-28. 
  108. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Leipoa ocellata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  109. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Ortalis vetula". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  110. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Tympanuchus cupido". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  111. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Alectoris chukar". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-28. 
  112. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Perdix perdix". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  113. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Tetrao urogallus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  114. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Alectoris rufa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  115. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Lagopus muta". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  116. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Tetrao tetrix". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  117. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Bonasa bonasia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  118. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Coturnix coturnix". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  119. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Lagopus lagopus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  120. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Phasianus colchicus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  121. ^ a b according to Firefly Encyclopedia of Birds, Ed. Perrins, Christopher. Buffalo, N.Y.: Firefly Books, Ltd., 2003.
  122. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Gallus gallus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-20.