List of Georgetown University alumni

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This is a list of Georgetown University alumni. Georgetown University is a Jesuit private university located in Washington, D.C. Founded in 1789, the school graduates about two thousand undergraduate and postgraduate students annually. There are four undergraduate schools and five postgraduate schools, though two of the undergraduate schools offer postgraduate degrees as well. Just over three percent of Georgetown's 97,384 living alumni are listed in Marquis Who's Who, the 14th highest percentage and eighth highest raw number among American universities as of 2000.[1] NNDB, the Notable Names Database, lists 289 notable alumni.[2]

Legend[edit]

Georgetown uses two formats depending on the circumstances to indicate degree programs for alumni: a single letter reference, or a three letter reference. Below are the most common types used:

Bill Clinton, former President of the United States
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, former President of the Philippines
Jose Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission
HM King Abdullah II of Jordan
HRH Felipe VI, King of Spain
Associate Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia
Former CIA Director George Tenet
Secretary of Defense and former CIA Director Robert Gates
Giorgi Baramidze, Vice-Prime Minister of Georgia
Pearl Bailey, singer/actress
Rep. Michael N. Castle (R-DE)
John Dean, former White House Counsel
Gen. Alexander Haig, former US Secretary of State
Rep. Stephanie Herseth Sandlin (D-SD)
Rep. Henry Hyde (R-IL)
Dikembe Mutombo, Eight time NBA all-star
George Mitchell, former senate majority leader
Alfredo Cristiani, former President of El Salvador
Alonzo Mourning, former NBA player
Dick Durbin (D-IL), current Majority Whip of the US Senate
Bradley Cooper, actor
Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-VT)
James L. Jones, US National Security Advisor

Law, government, and politics[edit]

Heads of State and/or Government[edit]

Governors[edit]

Cabinet members, Presidential appointees, and White House staff[edit]

Ambassadors[edit]

  • David Abshire (G 1959) – President, Center for the Study of the Presidency and Congress; United States Ambassador to NATO, 1983–1987; co-founder, Center for Strategic and International Studies; advisor to President Reagan
  • Adel al-Jubeir (G 1983) – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ambassador to the United States, 2007–present
  • Yousef Al Otaiba (SFS 1995) – United Arab Emirates Ambassador to the United States, 2008–present
  • Anne Slaughter Andrew (C 1977) – United States Ambassador to Costa Rica, 2009–present
  • Shlomo Argov (SFS 1952) – Ambassador of Israel to the United Kingdom, 1979–1982; Ambassador of Israel to the Netherlands, 1977–1979; Ambassador of Israel to Mexico, 1971–1974
  • Ricardo Alberto Arias (SFS 1961) – Ambassador of Panama to the United Nations, 2004–present; Ambassador of Panama to the United States, 1994–96; Foreign Minister of Panama, 1996–1998
  • Alexander A. Arvizu (SFS 1980) – United States Ambassador to Albania, 2010–present
  • Diego C. Asencio (SFS 1952, G 1953) – United States Ambassador to Brazil, 1983–1986; United States Ambassador to Colombia, 1977–1980
  • Christopher C. Ashby (SFS 1968) – United States Ambassador to Uruguay, 1997–2001
  • Elizabeth Frawley Bagley (L 1987) – United States Ambassador to Portugal, 1994–1997; senior advisor to U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright
  • Charles F. Baldwin (SFS 1926) – United States Ambassador to the Federation of Maylasia, 1961–1964
  • Marcia Bernicat (MSFS 1980) – United States Ambassador to Senegal and Guinea-Bissau, 2008-2011
  • Vincent M. Battle (SFS 1962) – United States Ambassador to Lebanon, 2001–2004
  • Willard L. Beaulac (SFS 1921) – United States Ambassador to Paraguay, 1944–1947; United States Ambassador to Colombia, 1947–1951; United States Ambassador to Cuba, 1951–1953; United States Ambassador to Chile, 1953–1956; United States Ambassador to Argentina, 1956–1960
  • John W. Blaney (MSFS 1976) – United States Ambassador to Liberia, 2002–2005
  • Richard J. Bloomfield (SFS 1950) – United States Ambassador to Portugal, 1978–1982; United States Ambassador to Ecuador, 1976–1978
  • Clifford G. Bond (SFS 1970) – United States Ambassador to Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2001–2004
  • Michele Thoren Bond (MSFS 1977) – United States Ambassador to the Kingdom of Lesotho, 2010–present
  • Donald E. Booth (SFS 1976) – United States Ambassador to Ethiopia, 2010–present; United States Ambassador to Zambia, 2008–2010; United States Ambassador to Liberia, 2005–2008
  • Piper Campbell (SFS 1988) – United States Ambassador to Mongolia, 2012–present
  • Woonsang Choi (G 1956) – Ambassador of South Korea to India, Egypt, Morocco, Jamaica and the Caribbean
  • Timothy A. Chorba (C 1968) – United States Ambassador to Singapore, 1994–1998
  • Maura Connelly (SFS 1981) – United States Ambassador to Lebanon, 2010–present
  • Michael W. Cotter (SFS 1965) – United States Ambassador to Turkmenistan, 1995–1998
  • Brian D. Curran (SFS 1970) – United States Ambassador to Haiti, 2001–2003; United States Ambassador to Mozambique, 1997–2000
  • Ivo H. Daalder (G 1982) – United States Ambassador to NATO, 2009–present
  • Glyn Davies (SFS 1959) – United States Ambassador to the Vienna Office of the United Nations and United States Ambassador to the International Atomic Energy Agency, 2009–present
  • Allen C. Davis (SFS 1956) – United States Ambassador to Uganda, 1983–1985; United States Ambassador to Guinea, 1980–1983
  • Simcha Dinitz (SFS 1953) – Ambassador of Israel to the United States, 1973–1979; political advisor to Prime Minister Golda Meir, 1969–1973
  • Edward P. Djerejian (SFS 1960) – United States Ambassador to Israel, 1993–94; United States Ambassador to Syria, 1988–1991
  • James F. Dobbins, Jr. (SFS 1963) – United States Ambassador to the European Union, 1991–1993
  • Thomas J. Dodd (SFS 1957) – United States Ambassador to Uruguay, 1993–1997; United States Ambassador to Costa Rica, 1997–2001
  • Alan Eastham (L 1982) – United States Ambassador to the Republic of the Congo, 2008–present; United States Ambassador to Malawi, 2006–2008
  • Cynthia G. Efird (SFS 1971) – United States Ambassador to Angola, 2004–2007
  • Maurice Francis Egan (C 1879) – United States Ambassador to Denmark, 1907–1918
  • Lee A. Feinstein (L 1995) – United States Ambassador to Poland, 2009–present
  • J. Richard Fredericks (B 1968) – United States Ambassador to Switzerland, 1999–2001
  • Laurie S. Fulton (L 1989) – United States Ambassador to Denmark, 2009–present
  • Peter W. Galbraith (L 1990) – United States Ambassador to Croatia, 1993–1998; United Nations Ambassador, East Timor, 2000–2001
  • Judith G. Garber (SFS 1983) – United States Ambassador to the Republic of Latvia, 2009–present
  • Janet E. Garvey (L 1979, G 1979) – United States Ambassador to the Republic of Cameroon, 2007–present
  • Tatiana C. Gfoeller (SFS 1982, MSFS 1983) – United States Ambassador to Kyrgyzstan, 2008–present
  • Marc Ginsberg (L 1978) – United States Ambassador to Morocco, 1994–1998
  • Mark Gitenstein (L 1971) – United States Ambassador to Romania, 2009–present
  • J. Scott Gration (G 1988) – United States Ambassador to Kenya, 2011–2012
  • Jorge Guajardo (SFS 1993) – Ambassador of Mexico to China, 2007–present
  • Yehoyada Haim (G 1972, G 1975) – Ambassador of Israel to China, 2002–2007; Ambassador of Israel to India, 1995–2000
  • David Hale (SFS 1983) – United States Ambassador to Jordan, 2005–2008
  • Parker T. Hart (SFS 1940) – United States Ambassador to Turkey, 1965–1968; United States Ambassador to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 1961–1965; United States Ambassador to Kuwait, 1962–1963; United States Ambassador to Yemen, 1961–1962
  • Maura Harty (SFS 1981) – United States Ambassador to Paraguay, 1997–1999
  • John E. Herbst (SFS 1974) – United States Ambassador to Ukraine, 2003–2006; United States Ambassador to Uzbekistan, 2000–2003
  • Karl Hofmann (SFS 1983) – United States Ambassador to the Republic of Togo, 2000–2002; Executive Secretary of the Department of State, 2002–2005
  • Charles W. Hostler (G 1951) – United States Ambassador to Bahrain, 1989–1993
  • David Jocobson (L 1976) – United States Ambassador to Canada, 2009–present
  • John D. Jernegan (SFS 1937) – United States Ambassador to Algeria, 1965–1967; United States Ambassador to Iraq, 1958–1962
  • Eric G. John (SFS 1982) – United States Ambassador to Kingdom of Thailand, 2007–2010
  • U. Alexis Johnson (SFS 1932) – United States Ambassador at Large, 1973–1977; United States Ambassador to Japan, 1966–1968; United States Ambassador to Kingdom of Thailand, 1968-1961; United States Ambassador to Czechoslovakia, 1953–1957
  • James R. Jones (L 1964) – United States Ambassador to Mexico, 1993–1997
  • John H. Kelly (SFS Fellow 1981–1982) – United States Ambassador to Lebanon, 1986–1988
  • Robert M. Kimmitt (L 1977) – United States Ambassador to Germany, 1991–1993
  • William R. Kintner (G 1948, G 1950) – United States Ambassador to Kingdom of Thailand, 1973–1975
  • Mark P. Lagon (G 1991) – United States Ambassador-at-Large; Director, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, 2007–2009
  • Hugo Llorens (SFS 1977) – United States Ambassador to Honduras, 2008–present
  • Helen R. Meagher La Lime (I 1973) – United States Ambassador to Mozambique, 2003–2006
  • Alphonse F. LaPorta (SFS 1960) – United States Ambassador to Mongolia, 1997–2000
  • Alexander M. Laskaris (SFS 1989) – United States Ambassador to the Republic of Guinea, 2012–present
  • Frank Lavin (SFS 1979, G 1985) – United States Ambassador to Singapore, 2001–2005; Under Secretary of Commerce, 2005–2007
  • Edward B. Lawson (SFS 1924, G 1925) – United States Ambassador to Israel, 1954–1959; United States Ambassador to Iceland, 1949–1954
  • John A. Linehan, Jr. (SFS 1949) – United States Ambassador to Sierra Leone, 1977–1980
  • Alfonso López Caballero (SFS 1967) – Ambassador of Colombia to the United Kingdom, 2002–present; Ambassador of Colombia to France; Ambassador of Colombia to Canada
  • John Maisto (SFS 1961) – United States Ambassador to the Organization of American States, 2003–2007; United States Ambassador to Venezuela 1997–2000
  • Eileen A. Malloy (SFS 1975) – United States Ambassador to Kyrgyzstan, 1994–1997
  • Richard T. McCormack (C 1963) – United States Ambassador to the Organization of American States, 1985–1989
  • Jackson McDonald (SFS 1978) – United States Ambassador to the Republic of Guinea, 2004–present; United States Ambassador to the Republic of The Gambia, 2001–2004
  • Jack K. McFall (SFS 1929) – United States Ambassador to Finland, 1954–1955
  • Gerald S. McGowan (SFS 1968, L 1974) – United States Ambassador to Portugal, 1997–2001
  • Christopher J. McMullen (G 1980) – United States Ambassador to Angola, 2010–present
  • Alfred H. Moses (L 1956) – United States Ambassador to Romania, 1994–97
  • Stephen D. Mull (SFS 1980) – United States Ambassador to Lithuania, 2003–2006
  • Cameron Munter (SFS Rusk Fellow 1991) – United States Ambassador to Pakistan, 2010–present
  • Richard B. Norland (SFS 1977) – United States Ambassador to Georgia, 2012–present; United States Ambassador to Uzbekistan, 2007–2012
  • Frank V. Ortiz, Jr. (SFS 1950) – United States Ambassador to Argentina, 1983–1986; United States Ambassador to Peru, 1981–1983
  • Mark R. Parris (SFS 1972) – United States Ambassador to Turkey, 1997–2000
  • Armen Petrossian (MSFS 1996) – Ambassador of the Republic of Armenia to Greece, accredited also to Cyprus, Slovenia, Croatia, Albania, Yugoslavia, 1999–2001
  • Kasit Piromya (SFS 1968) – Foreign Minister of the Kingdom of Thailand 2008–present; Ambassador to the United States, 2004–2006; Ambassador to the Soviet Union, 1991–1993; Ambassador to Indonesia, 1994–1996; Ambassador to Germany, 1997–2001; Ambassador to Japan, 2001–2003
  • Maureen E. Quinn (G 1980) – United States Ambassador to Qatar, 2001–2004
  • James W. Riddleberger (G 1926) – United States Ambassador to Austria, 1962–1967; United States Ambassador to Greece, 1958–1959; United States Ambassador to Yugoslavia, 1953–1958
  • Manuel Rocha (G 1978) – United States Ambassador to Bolivia, 2000–2002
  • Roberto R. Romulo (C 1960) – Ambassador of the Philippines to Belgium, Luxembourg and the European Communities, 1989–1991; Secretary of Foreign Affairs of the Philippines, 1992–1995
  • Francis Rooney (C 1975, L 1978) – United States Ambassador to the Holy See, 2005–2008
  • David M. Satterfield (L 1978) – United States Ambassador to Lebanon, 1998–2001
  • David Scheffer (LLM 1978) – first United States Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues, 1997–2000
  • Gerald W. Scott (SFS 1962) – United States Ambassador to the Republic of The Gambia, 1996–1998
  • Michael A. Sheehan (MSFS 1988) – United States Ambassador-at-Large for Counterterrorism, 1998–2000
  • Thomas L. Siebert (C 1968, L 1972) – United States Ambassador to Sweden, 1994–1998
  • Ivan Stancioff (C 1951, L 1956) – Bulgarian Ambassador to the United Kingdom, 1991–1993; Foreign Minister of Bulgaria, 1994–1999
  • Bruno Stagno (SFS 1991) – Costa Rican Ambassador to the United Nations, 2002–2004
  • Mark C. Storella (SFS Rusk Fellow 2001–2002) – United States Ambassador to Zambia, 2010–present
  • Zev Sufott (Ph.D, political science) – British-born Israeli diplomat, Ambassador to the Netherlands, first Israeli Ambassador to China[27]
  • Joseph G. Sullivan (G 1969) – United States Ambassador to Zimbabwe, 2001–2004; United States Ambassador to Angola, 1998–2001
  • James C. Swan (SFS) – United States Ambassador to the Republic of Djibouti, 2008–2011
  • John Tefft (G 1978) – United States Ambassador to Ukraine; 2009–present; United States Ambassador to Georgia, 2005–2009; United States Ambassador to Lithuania, 200-2003
  • Carlos Tello Macias (B 1958) – Ambassador of Mexico to Cuba, the Soviet Union, Portugal
  • Patrick N. Theros (SFS 1963) – United States Ambassador to Qatar, 1995–1998
  • HRH Prince Turki bin Faisal al Saud (SFS 1968) – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ambassador to the United States, 2005–2007; Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ambassador to the United Kingdom and Ireland, 2002–2005
  • HRH Prince Mohammed bin Nawwaf bin Abdul Aziz (SFS 1981) – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ambassador to the United Kingdom and Ireland, 2005–present; Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ambassador to Italy and Malta, 1995–2005
  • Viron P. Vaky (SFS 1947) – United States Ambassador to Venezuela, 1976–1978; United States Ambassador to Colombia, 1974–1976; United States Ambassador to Costa Rica, 1972–1974
  • Melanne Verveer (I 66, G 69) – United States Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women's Issues, 2009–present
  • Richard D. Vine (SFS 1949) – United States Ambassador to Switzerland, 1979–1981
  • Lannon Walker (SFS 1961) – United States Ambassador to Côte d'Ivoire, 1995–1998; United States Ambassador to Nigeria, 1989–1992; United States Ambassador to Senegal, 1985–1988
  • C. David Welch (SFS 1975) – United States Ambassador to Egypt, 2001–2005
  • Melissa F. Wells (SFS 1956) – United States Ambassador to Estonia, 1998–2001; United States Ambassador to Congo, 1991–1993; United States Ambassador to Mozambique, 1987–1990; United States Ambassador to Guinea-Bissau, 1976–1977; United States Ambassador to Cape Verde, 1976–1977
  • Ong Keng Yong (G 1983) – Singapore's Ambassador and High Commissioner to India and Nepal, 1996–1998
  • M. Ashraf Haidari (MASS-SFS 2005) – Afghanistan's Deputy Ambassador to India (2012–Present); Afghanistan's Deputy Assistant National Security Advisor (2011–2012); Afghanistan's Deputy Ambassador to the United States (2005–2011)

Judges[edit]

Members of the U.S. Senate[edit]

Members of the U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Military[edit]

  • Maj. Gen. Richard S. Abbey (G 1950) – regional Commander, North American Air Defense Command
  • Gen. John R. Allen (G 1983) – has been selected by President Obama to lead the war in Afghanistan, 2011–
  • Lt. Gen. Paul Caraway (1933) – High Commissioner of the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands, 1961–1964
  • General George William Casey Jr. (SFS 1970) – Chief of Staff, U.S. Army, 2007–2011; Commander, Multi-National Force-Iraq, 2004–2007
  • General Joseph F. Dunford, Jr. (G 1985) – Named by President Obama to be Commander, United States and NATO forces in Afghanistan, 2012–present; Assistant Commandant, United States Marine Corps, 2010–2012; Commander, U.S. Marine Corps Forces, Central Command, Commanding General, 1st Marine Expeditionry Force, 2009–2010
  • Maj. Gen. Michael E. Ennis (G 1984) – Deputy Director for Community HUMINT, CIA
  • Maj. Gen. John L. Fugh (SFS 1957) – Chairman, The Committee of 100 (United States); Judge Advocate General, U.S. Army, 1991–1993; the first Chinese-American to become a general officer in the U.S. Army
  • Lt. Gen. John D. Gardner (G 1986) – Deputy Commander, NATO Land Component, Heidelberg
  • Maj. Gen. J. Scott Gration (Ret.) (G 1988) – Special Envoy to Sudan, 2009–2011; Senior Military and Foreign Policy Advisor to Sen. Barack Obama
  • Maj. Gen. Bruce Jacobs (Ret.) (G 1979) – veteran of World War II, Korea and Vietnam; past president of Washington's Army and Navy Club
  • Brig. Gen. Hiram "Doc" Jones (G 1978) – Deputy Chief of Chaplains of the U.S. Air Force
  • General James L. Jones (SFS 1966) – National Security Advisor to President Barack Obama, 2009–2010; Chairman, The Atlantic Council of the United States, 2007–2009; Commander of U.S.-European Command and the NATO Supreme Allied Commander Europe, 2003–2006; Commandant, United States Marine Corps, 1999–2003
  • Maj. Gen. John A. Leide (C 1958) – Director, National Military Intelligence Collection Center; first Director, Defense HUMINT Service (DHS)
  • Vice Admiral John M. Mateczun, M.D. (L 1988) – Commander, Joint Task Force National Capital Region Medical
  • Vice Admiral Michael A. McDevitt (G 1975) – Commandant, National War College (of the National Defense University), 1995–1997
  • General Louis C. Menetrey (G 1967) – Commander, ROK-U.S. Combined Forces, Commanding General, Eighth United States Army, 1987–1990
  • Vice Admiral Robert B. Murrett (G 1982) – Director, National Geospatial Intelligence Agency, 2006–present; Director, Naval Intelligence, 2005–2006
  • General David H. Petraeus (SFS Fellow 1994–1995) – Director, Central Intelligence Agency, 2011–2012; Commander, International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) and Commander, U.S. Forces Afghanistan (USFOR-A), 2010–2011; Commander, United States Central Command (Middle East, East Africa, Central Asia), 2008–2010; Commander, Multi-National Force-Iraq, 2007–2008
  • Vice Admiral Ann E. Rondeau (G 1982) – Director, Navy Staff, 2005–2006; the highest ranking woman in the United States Navy
  • General John J. Sheehan (G 1985) – Supreme Allied Commander (NATO) and Commander-in-Chief U.S. Atlantic Command, 1994–1997
  • Lt. Gen. Stephen M. Speakes (G 1986) – Deputy Chief of Staff for Programs, U.S. Army, 2006–present
  • Lt. Gen. Michael Spigelmire (G 1962) – Commander, VII Corps, Stuggart, 1991–1992
  • Vice Admiral William D. Sullivan (G 1990) – U.S. Military Representative to NATO, Brussels, 2006–present
  • Maj. Gen. Guy C. Swan III (G 1987) – Commander, U.S. Army Military District of Washington and Joint Force Headquarters National Capital Region, 2005–2007
  • Lt. Gen. George H. Sylvester (Ret.) (G 1956) – Vice Commander, Air Force Systems Command, Andrews Air Force Base, 1979–1981
  • Maj. Gen. James L. Williams (G 1981) – Commanding General, 4th Marine Division

Attorneys[edit]

Other alumni in politics and public service[edit]

Royalty[edit]

Business[edit]

Entertainment, media & culture[edit]

Science and medicine[edit]

Education, non-profit, and religion[edit]

Sports[edit]

Other[edit]

Briefly attended[edit]

Fictional[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ranking Black Colleges According to Their Alumni Listings in Who's Who". The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education: 33. Winter 1999–2000. JSTOR 2999137. 
  2. ^ "Georgetown University". NNDB. November 28, 2007. Retrieved December 3, 2007. 
  3. ^ "Toney Anaya". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Coleman L. Blease". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  5. ^ "James Caleb Boggs". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  6. ^ "John Lee Carroll". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Michael N. Castle". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Peter Tali Coleman". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Mitch Daniels". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Christopher Del Sesto". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Michael V. DiSalle". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  12. ^ "William S. Flynn". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Luis Fortuño". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  14. ^ "James H. Higgins". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Frank Keating". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  16. ^ "John Lynch". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Jim McGreevey". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  18. ^ "Steve Merrill". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  19. ^ "Philip W. Noel". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  20. ^ "James C. Shannon". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  21. ^ "Pat Quinn". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  22. ^ "Don Siegelman". Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  23. ^ "John Spellman". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
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  25. ^ "Former Enron prosecutor Kathy Ruemmler named White House counsel". Houston Chronicle. June 2, 2011. Retrieved June 3, 2011. 
  26. ^ Pursell, Carroll W. (1973). From conservation to ecology. Crowell. p. 25. ISBN 978-0-690-31805-0. 
  27. ^ Twersky, Mordechai I. (2014-04-21). "Zev Sufott, Israel's first ambassador to China, dies aged 86". Haaretz. Retrieved 2014-05-16. 
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  29. ^ "Alan Bible". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
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  31. ^ "J. Caleb Boggs". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  32. ^ "Dennis Chavez". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  33. ^ "Richard Durbin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  34. ^ "Philip A. Hart". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  35. ^ "Francis Kernan". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  36. ^ "Mark Kirk". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  37. ^ "George LeMieux". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  38. ^ "Edward Leahy". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  39. ^ "Hall S. Lusk". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  40. ^ "Joseph C. O'Mahoney". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  41. ^ "William Merrick". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  42. ^ "George J. Mitchell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  43. ^ "Joseph Montoya". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  44. ^ "Lisa Murkowski". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  45. ^ "William N. Roach". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  46. ^ "James H. Webb". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  47. ^ "Claude I. Bakewell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  48. ^ "William Brockman Bankhead". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  49. ^ "Herbert H. Bateman". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  50. ^ "Robert Bauman". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  51. ^ "Bob Barr". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  52. ^ "Thomas J. Bliley, Jr.". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  53. ^ "Michael N. Castle". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  54. ^ "Donald J. Cazayoux, Jr.". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  55. ^ "David Cicilline". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  56. ^ "Hansen Clarke". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  57. ^ "Charles R. Clason". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  58. ^ "Francis Condon". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  59. ^ "Henry Cuellar". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 15, 2012. 
  60. ^ "Matthew Denver". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 15, 2012. 
  61. ^ "John Dingell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  62. ^ "Dennis D. Donovan". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  63. ^ "John J. Douglass". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  64. ^ "Robert F. Drinan". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  65. ^ "James P.B. Duffy". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  66. ^ "Ed Edmondson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  67. ^ "Henry A. Edmundson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  68. ^ "Lane Evans". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  69. ^ "Charles J. Faulkner". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  70. ^ "Mike Ferguson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  71. ^ "John R. Foley". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  72. ^ "Ellsworth Foote". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  73. ^ "Jeff Fortenberry". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  74. ^ "Luis Fortuño". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  75. ^ "Martin Frost". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  76. ^ "Milton W. Glenn". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  77. ^ "George E. Gorman". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  78. ^ "Leonard W. Hall". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  79. ^ "Forest Harness". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  80. ^ "Herbert Harris". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  81. ^ "Burr Harrison". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  82. ^ "Edward J. Hart". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 17, 2012. 
  83. ^ "Stephanie Herseth Sandlin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 17, 2012. 
  84. ^ "Mazie Hirono". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 17, 2012. 
  85. ^ "Lawrence J. Hogan". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 17, 2012. 
  86. ^ "Steny Hoyer". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 17, 2012. 
  87. ^ "Henry Hyde". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 17, 2012. 
  88. ^ "Michael L. Igoe". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 17, 2012. 
  89. ^ "Mark Steven Kirk". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 17, 2012. 
  90. ^ "Dan Lungren". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 17, 2012. 
  91. ^ "O’CONNELL, Jerry Joseph, (1909–1956)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  92. ^ "Patrick B. O'Sullivan". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 17, 2012. 
  93. ^ "James T. Patterson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 17, 2012. 
  94. ^ "William R. Ratchford". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 17, 2012. 
  95. ^ "William S. Reyburn". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 17, 2012. 
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