List of Georgian consorts

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Queen consort of the Kingdom of Iberia (302 BC–580)[edit]

Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Durdzuk woman - - - - 234 BC
husband's death
- Pharnavaz I
Persian woman - Barda - - 159 BC
husband's death
- Sauromaces I
Royal princess Sauromaces I
(Pharnavazid)
- - - 109 BC
husband's death
- Mirian I
Royal princess Mirian I
(Pharnavazid)
- - - 78 BC
husband's death
- Artaxias I
Parthian woman - - - - 30 BC
husband's death
- Pharnavaz II
30 BC 20 BC
husband's death
Mirian II
Royal princess Tigranes IV - - - 58 AD
husband's death
- Pharasmanes I
Ghadana Vologases III - - - 132
husband's death
- Pharasmanes II
Drakontis Vologases? - - - 189
husband's death
- Amazasp II
Sephelia
Greek princess
- - - - 216
husband's death
- Rev I
Abeshura Aspacures I
(Pharnavazid)
- - - 292 Mirian III
Nana Theothorses - - - 361
husband's death
-
Salome Tiridates III - - - - - Rev II
Royal princess Trdat
(Chosroid)
- - - 394
husband's death
- Aspacures III
Maria
Greek princess and relative of Emperor Jovian
- - - - 435
husband's death
- Archil
Sagdukht Barzabod
(Mihranids)
- - - 447
husband's death
- Mihrdat V
Balendukht Hormizd III
(Sasanids)
- - - - - Vakhtang I
Elene
Roman woman
- - - - 522
husband's death
-

Queen consort of the Principality of Iberia (580–1008)[edit]

Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
When king Bacurius III of Iberia died in 580, the Sassanid king Hormizd IV seized on the opportunity to abolish the monarchy of Iberia. The heirs of the royal dynasty withdrew to their highland fortresses. Later they were recognized as the presiding princes of Iberia what resulted the restoration of kingship in 888 by Adarnase IV of Iberia.
Persian princess? - - - - 684
husband's death
- Adarnase II
Presiding prince
Georgian noblewoman - - - - 760
husband's death
- Adarnase III
Presiding prince
Royal princess Guaram III
(Guaramids)
- - - 786
husband's death
- Archil
Presiding prince
Latavri Adarnase I
(Bagrationi)
- 790 807
husband's death
- Juansher
Presiding prince
Persian princess - - - - 876
husband's death
- Bagrat I
Presiding prince
Gurandukht George II
(Anchabadze)
- - - 1008
husband's death
- Gurgen
After the death of Gurgen, his son Bagrat III became a first king of the united Kingdom of Georgia.

Queen consort of the Kingdom of Georgia (1008–1490)[edit]

Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Martha - - - 1008
unification of Georgia
7 May 1014
husband's death
- Bagrat III
Mariam of Vaspurakan John-Senekerim II Artsruni, King of Vaspurakan - before 1018 7 May 1014
husband's accession
-
divorce
between 1072 and 1103 George I
Alda of Alania
[1]
A King of Alania - after her husband's divorce with first wife 16 August 1027
husband's death
after 1042
Elene Basil Argyros
(Argyros)
- 1033 1034 Bagrat IV
Borena of Alania A King of Alania - 1034–1040 24 November 1072
husband's death
after 1072
Elene - - - 24 November 1072
husband's accession
1089
husband's abdication
- George II
Rusudan - - - 1089
husband's accession
1107
divorce
- David IV
Gurandukht Otrok Khan of the Kipchaks - 1107 24 January 1125
husband's death
-
The name of Demetre's wife is unknown, but he had several children
Burdukhan of Alania Khuddan, King of Alania - 1155 1156
husband's accession
27 March 1184
husband's death
- George III
Yury Bogolyubsky Andrei I Bogolyubsky, Grand Prince of Vladimir-Suzdal - 1185 1187
divorce
after 1191 Tamar
David Soslan Jadaroni - 1189 1207
Ghias ad-din Muhammad Mughis ad-din Tughril Shah, Emir of Erzerum - 1224 1245
wife's death
1247 Rusudan
Tamar Amanelisdze Georgian noble Amanelisdze - - 1245
husband's accession
before 1254 David VI
Theodora Doukaina Palaiologina Michael VIII Palaiologos
(Palaiologos)
- 1254 1259
became queen of Imereti
-
Jigda-Khatun[2] A Sultan of Rum - - 1247
husband's accession
1252 David VII
Gvantsa Kakhaberidze Kakhaber IV Kakhaberidze, Duke of Racha and Tavkveri
(Kakhaberidze)
- 1252 1262
Esukan Chormaqan Noyan - 1268 1269
Theodora Megale Komnena Manuel I of Trebizond
(Komnenos)
- 1272/77 after 1280 Demetre II
[3]
Solghar  ?
(Borjigids)
- 1278 12 March 1289
husband's death
-
Natela Jaqeli Beka I Jaqeli, Lord of Samtskhe and Lord High Steward of Georgia
(Jaqeli)
- 1280 -
Oljath Abaqa Khan
(Borjigids)
- - 1289
husband's accession
1292
husband's death
before 1302 Vakhtang II
1292 before 1302 David VIII
Anonymous Hamada Surameli
(Surameli)
- 1302 1311
husband's death
-
Ripsime - - - 1302
husband's accession as rival king
1308
husband's death
- Vakhtang III
The identity of King George V's wife is not known. The "Georgian Chronicle" of the 18th century reports George V marrying a daughter of "the Greek Emperor, Lord Michael Komnenos". However the reigning dynasty of the Byzantine Empire in the 14th century were the Palaiologoi, not the Komnenoi. The marriage of a daughter of Michael IX Palaiologos and his wife Rita of Armenia to a Georgian ruler is not recorded in Byzantine sources. Neither is the existence of any illegitimate daughters of Michael IX.[4] The Komnenoi did rule however in the Empire of Trebizond. A Michael Komnenos was Emperor from 1344 to 1349. His wife was Acropolitissa. Their only child recorded in primary sources was John III of Trebizond. Whether John III had siblings is unknown.[5]
Sindukhtar Jaqeli Qvarqvare II Jaqeli, Prince of Samtskhe-Saatabago
(Jaqeli)
- - 1346
husband's accession
1360
husband's death
- David IX
Elene Basil of Trebizond
(Komnenos)
- - 1360
husband's accession
1366 Bagrat V
Anna Megale Komnena Alexios III of Trebizond
(Komnenos)
6 April 1357 June 1367 1393
husband's death
after 1406
Nestan-Daredjani - - - 1393
husband's accession
1405/7
husband's death
- George VII
Natia Amirejibi Kutsna Amirejibi
(Amirejibi)
- - 1405/7
husband's accession
1412
husband's death
- Constantine I
Dulandukht Orbeliani Beshken II Orbeliani - 1410 1412
husband's accession
before 1414 Alexander I
Tamar of Imereti Alexander I of Imereti
(Bagrationi)
- 1414 1442
husband's death
1455
Siti Panaskerteli Prince Zaza I Panaskerteli
(Panaskerteli)
- 1442 1444 Vakhtang IV
Tamar-Daria Bagrationi[6] Bagrat VI of Georgia
(Bagrationi)
- 1445 December 1446
husband's accession
before 1456 George VIII
Nestan-Darejan - - 1456 1465
husband's deposition
1510
Kantakouzena John Kantakouzenos, Despot of the Peloponnese
(Kantakouzenos)
This marriage may not have occurred.
Elene - - - 1465
husband regain Georgia
1478
husband's death
3 November 1510 Bagrat VI
Tamar - - 1473 1478
husband regain Georgia
1490
husband lost Georgia
1492 Constantine II

Georgia split into three independent kingdoms by 1490. The Kings of Kartli were descendants of Constantine II, the Kings of Kakheti from George VIII and the Kings of Imereti from Bagrat VI.

Queen consort of the Kingdom of Kartli (1484–1762)[edit]

Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Tamar - - 1473 1490
husband recognizes Kakheti and Imereti
1492 Constantine II
Mirangul Baratashvili David Jambakur Katchibadze Baratashvili, Prince of Gareja
(Baratashvili)
- - 27 April 1505
husband's accession
1525
husband's abdication
1556 David X
Gulchari - - - 1525
husband's accession
1527/34
husband's abdication
- George IX
Tamar of Imereti Bagrat III of Imereti
(Bagrationi)
- 25 March 1526 1527/34
husband's accession
1556/58
husband's death
1556 Luarsab I
Nestan-Darejan of Kakheti Levan of Kakheti
(Bagrationi)
- 1555/59 1556/58
husband's accession
1569
husband's imprisonation
1608 Simon I
A princess of Tarki
[7]
- - - 1562/1569
husband's accession
1578
husband flee from Georgia
- David XI
Daud Khan
Nestan-Darejan of Kakheti Levan of Kakheti
(Bagrationi)
- 1555/59 1578
husband's restoration
1599
husband's imprisonation
1608 Simon I
Mariam Dadiani George III Dadiani, Prince of Samegrelo
(Dadiani)
- 15 September 1578 1599
husband's accession
7 September 1606
husband's death
after 1610 George X
Makrine Saakadze Prince Siaush Saakadze
(Saakadze)
- 1610 around 1612
divorce
after 1612 Luarsab II
Anna of Kakheti Alexander II of Kakheti
(Bagrationi)
- - 1616
husband's accession
1619
husband's death
after 1619 Bagrat VII Khan
Jahan of Kakheti Prince Jesse of Kakheti
(Bagrationi)
- 1626 1630/31
husband's death
- Simon II Khan
Khorashan of Kartli George X of Kartli
(Bagrationi)
- 1612 1625
husband's accession in rivalry with Simon II and Rostom
1633
husband's deposition
1658 Teimuraz I of Kakheti
Ketevan Abashishvili Gorjasp Abashishvili - 1635 1636 Rostom Khan
Mariam Dadiani Manuchar I Dadiani, Prince of Samegrelo
(Dadiani)
1599–1609 1638 17 November 1658
husband's death
1682
Rwadam Kaplanishvili Orbeliani ? - - 17 November 1658
husband's accession
1659
divocre
1678 Vakhtang V Khan
Mariam Dadiani Manuchar I Dadiani, Prince of Samegrelo
(Dadiani)
1599–1609 1659 September 1675
husband's death
1682
Tamar Davitashvili Prince David Davitashvili - 1676 4 December 1683 George XI Khan
Khoreshan Mikeladze Prince Giorgi Mikeladze
(Mikeladze)
- 1687 1688
husband's deposition
24 February 1695
Ana Cholokashvili Prince Irubakidze
(Cholokashvili)
- 1677 1688
husband's accession
1703
husband's deposition
before April 1716 Erekle I of Kakheti
Ketevan - - - - 27 October 1711
husband's death
3 May 1730 Kaikhosro Khan
Interregnum 1711–1714
Elene of Kakheti Erekle I of Kakheti
(Bagrationi)
1687 1715 June 1716
husband's deposition
27 April 1750 Jesse Khan
Rusudan of Circassia Kilchiko, Prince of Lessr Kabarda (?)
(Misostov?)
- 1696 June 1716
husband's accession
1724
husband fled
30 December 1740 Vakhtang VI Khan
Elene of Kakheti Erekle I of Kakheti
(Bagrationi)
1687 1715 1724
husband's restoration
1727
husband's death
27 April 1750 Jesse Khan
Upon Jesse's death, Kartli was annexed to the Ottoman Empire but with help from the Persians, Kartli was given to the King Teimuraz II of Kakheti who in turn relinquished Kakheti to his son Erekle II. The two kingdom will only be fully united under Erekle II.
Tamar of Kartli Vakhtang VI of Kartli
(Bagrationi)
1697 2 February 1712 1744
husband's accession
12 April 1746 Teimuraz II
Ana Baratashvili Prince Bejan Baratashvili
(Baratashvili)
1784 19 August 1746 8 January 1762
husband's death
1784

Upon Teimuraz II's death, Kartli and Kakheti were united once more with the exception of Imereti.

Queen consort of the Kingdom of Kakheti (1490–1762)[edit]

Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Nestan-Darejan - - 1456 1465
husband's deposition as King of Georgia
1476
husband's death
1510 George VIII
Ana Tinatina Beena Irubakidzé-Cholokashvili, Prince of Satcholakao
(Cholokashvili)
- before 1479 1476
husband's accession
27 April 1511
husband's death
- Alexander I
Elene Irubakidze-Cholokashvili Father of Garsevan Irubakidze-Cholokashvili, Prince of Satcholakao
(Cholokashvili)
- before 1505 27 April 1511
husband's accession
1513
husband's death
1532 George II
1513–1520
Annexation by the Kingdom of Kartli
Tinatin Gurieli Mamia I Gurieli, Prince of Guria
(Gurieli)
- - 1520
husband's restoration
1529
divorce
1591 Levan
unnamed Kamal Kara-Musel, Shamkhal of Tarku - 1529 1574
husband's death
-
Tinatin Amilakhvari Bardzim-Koiar Zedginidze, Prince of Samilakhoro
(Amilakhvari)
- - 1574
husband's accession
October 1601
husband's deposition
- Alexander II
(1st reign)
Ketevan of Mukhrani Ashotan I, Prince of Mukhrani
(Bagrationi)
1565 1581 October 1601
husband's accession
2 October 1602
husband's death
13 September 1624 David I
Tinatin Amilakhvari Bardzim-Koiar Zedginidze, Prince of Samilakhoro
(Amilakhvari)
- - 2 October 1602,
husband's restoration
12 March 1605
husband's murder
- Alexander II
(2nd reign)
Ana Gurieli Mamia III Gurieli, Prince of Guria
(Gurieli)
- 1606 1606
husband's accession
1610 Teimuraz I
Khorashan of Kartli George X of Kartli
(Bagrationi)
- 1612 1616
husband's deposition
1633
husband's deposition
1648
husband's deposition
1658
1614–1615
1616–1623
1633–1636
Annexation to Persia
1648–1656
Annexation to Kartli by King Rostom who did not used the title of King of Kakheti.
1656–1664
Annexation to Persia
Ketevan of Kakheti Prince David of Kakheti
(Bagrationi)
1648 22 March 1668 1675
husband's defect to Turks
16 April 1719 Archil
(1st reign)
1676–1703
Annexation to Persia
Jatri-Djahan-Begum of Jerevan shamkhal Jahan-Begum - - 1709
husband's accession
2 November 1722
husband's death
- David II
unnamed Fath 'Ali Khan Daghistani, I'timād-ud-Daulah - before 1720 2 November 1722
husband's accession
28 December 1732
husband's death
- Constantine II
Tamar of Kartli Vakhtang VI of Kartli
(Bagrationi)
1697 2 February 1712 1732
husband's accession
1744
Kakheti passed to their son
12 April 1746 Teimuraz II
Ketevan Orbeliani
(according to tradition)
Prince Vakhtang Orbeliani-Kaplanishvil
(Orbeliani)
1687 1738/9 1744
husband's accession
1744
divorce
1750 Erekle II
Ketevan Pkheidze Prince Zaal Pkheidze
(Pkheidze)
- 1740 1744
husband's accession
1744
Ana Abashidze Prince Zaal Abashidze
(Abashidze)
1730 1745 7 December 1749
Darejan Dadiani Prince Igor Dadiani
(Dadiani)
20 July 1734 or 20 July 1738 1750 8 January 1762
Unification of Kartli and Kakheti
8 November 1807/8

Upon Teimuraz II's death, Kartli and Kakheti were united once more with the exception of Imereti.

Queen consort of the Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti (1762–1801)[edit]

In 1762, the Kingdom of Kartli and the Kingdom of Kakheti were united under one ruler.

Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Darejan Dadiani Prince Igor Dadiani
(Dadiani)
20 July 1734 or 20 July 1738 1750 8 January 1762
Unification of Kartli and Kakheti
11 January 1798
husband's death
8 November 1807/8 Erekle II
Mariam Tsitsishvili Prince Giorgi Tsitsishvili
(Tsitsishvili)
9 April 1768 13 July 1783 11 January 1798
husband's accession
28 December 1800
husband's death
30 March 1850 George XII

Annexation of Kakheti and Kartli to Russia by Paul I of Russia, 1801.

Queen consort of the Kingdom of Imereti (1490−1810)[edit]

Although a vassal kingdom of Imereti was created in 1258, the only queens consort mentioned by names were Theodora Palaiologina, the former Queen of All Georgia, and Ana Orbeliani, wife of Alexander I of Imereti, who was really a Duke of Shorapani and not a king.

Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Elene - - - 1463
husband regain Georgia
1465/6
becomes Queen of All Georgia
3 November 1510 Bagrat II
Tamar - - 1483 12 March 1510 Alexander II
Elene - - - 12 March 1510
husband's accession
1548 Bagrat III
Rusudan Shervashidze Shervashidze - 1563 1565
husband's accession
4 August 1578 George II
Tamar Diasamidze Diasamidze - after 1578 1585
husband's death
after 1586
Marekhi Dadiani Levan I Dadiani, Prince of Mingrelia
(Dadiani)
- 1586 1588
husband's imprisonation
- Levan
Tinatin Jaqeli Manoutchar II Jaqeli, Prince of Samtskhe
(Jaqeli)
- 1597 1605
husband's death
1610 Rostom
Tamar - - - 1605
husband's accession
1639
husband's death
after 1639 George III
Darejan of Kakheti Teimuraz I of Kakheti
(Bagrationi)
c. 1615 1629 1639
husband's accession
1 March 1660
husband's death
1668 Alexander III
Zira Dadiani Levan II Dadiani, Prince of Mingrelia
(Dadiani)
- - 1 March 1660
husband's accession
before 1658 or 1661
divorce
- Bagrat V
(1st reign)
Ketevan of Kakheti Prince David of Kakheti
(Bagrationi)
1648 1658 or 1661 1659 or 1661
divorce
16 April 1719
Titia Mukhraneli Constantine I, Prince of Mukhrani
(Bagrationi)
- 1659/61 1661
husband's deposition
-
Darejan of Kakheti Teimuraz I of Kakheti
(Bagrationi)
c. 1615 1661
Darejan chose her husband from the nobility to depose her stepson
1663
husband's deposition
1668 Vakhtang Tchutchunashvili
(1st reign)
Titia Mukhraneli Constantine I, Prince of Mukhrani
(Bagrationi)
- 1659/61 1663
husband's restoration
1663
divorce
- Bagrat V
(2nd reign)
Tamar Mukhraneli Constantine I, Prince of Mukhrani
(Bagrationi)
- 1663 1668
husband's deposition
-
Darejan of Kakheti Teimuraz I of Kakheti
(Bagrationi)
c. 1615 1661 1668
husband's restoration
1668 Vakhtang Tchutchunashvili
(2nd reign)
Tamar Mukhraneli Constantine I, Prince of Mukhrani
(Bagrationi)
- 1663 1669
husband's restoration
1678
husband's deposition and their divorce
- Bagrat V
(3rd reign)
Ketevan of Kakheti Prince David of Kakheti
(Bagrationi)
1648 22 March 1668 1678
husband's usurpation
1679
husband's deposition
16 April 1719 Archil
(1st reign)
Tamar Mukhraneli Constantine I, Prince of Mukhrani
(Bagrationi)
- 1679 1679
husband's restoration
1681
husband's death
after 1683 Bagrat V
(4th reign)
Darejan of Imereti Bagrat V of Imereti
(Bagrationi)
- 1677 1681
husband's usurpation
1682
divorce
1695 George IV
Tamar Mukhraneli Constantine I, Prince of Mukhrani
(Bagrationi)
- 1682 1683
husband's deposition
after 1683
Ketevan of Kakheti Prince David of Kakheti
(Bagrationi)
1648 22 March 1668 1690
husband's usurpation
1691
husband's deposition
16 April 1719 Archil
(2nd reign)
Tamar Abashidze George VI of Imereti
(Abashidze)
1681 1691 1695
husband's execution
1716 Alexander IV
(2nd reign)
Ketevan of Kakheti Prince David of Kakheti
(Bagrationi)
1648 22 March 1668 1695
husband's usurpation
1696
husband's deposition
16 April 1719 Archil
(3rd reign)
Tamar Abashidze George VI of Imereti
(Abashidze)
1681 1696 1698
husband's deposition
1716 George V
Ketevan of Kakheti Prince David of Kakheti
(Bagrationi)
1648 22 March 1668 1698
husband's restoration
1698
husband's deposition
16 April 1719 Archil
(4th reign)
Anuka Abashidze George VI of Imereti
(Abashidze)
- 1698 1698
husband's accession'
1700
divorce
1731 Simon
- George III of Guria
(Gurieli)
- 1700 1701
husband's assassination
-
Elene Abashidze George V of Imereti
(Abashidze)
- 1698 1701
husband's accession
1702
husband's deposition
after 1772 Mamia III Gurieli
(1st reign)
Rwadam of Kartli George XI of Kartli
(Bagrationi)
- 1703 1707
husband's accession
October 1711
husband's deposition
after 1714 George VII
(1st reign)
Tamar Chkhetidze Papuna II Chkhetidze, Duke of Racha
(Chkhetidze)
- 1711 October 1711
husband's accession
June 1712
husband's deposition
1715 Mamia III Gurieli
(2nd reign)
Rwadam of Kartli George XI of Kartli
(Bagrationi)
- 1703 June 1712
husband's accession
November 1713
husband's deposition
after 1714 George VII
(2nd reign)
Tamar Chkhetidze Papuna II Chkhetidze, Duke of Racha
(Chkhetidze)
- 1711 November 1713
husband's accession
5 January 1714
husband's death
1715 Mamia III Gurieli
(3rd reign)
March 1714 1715 George VII
(3rd reign)
Mariam Shirvashidze ?
(Shirvashidze)
- - 1716
husband's accession
1716
husband's deposition
after 1717 George VIII
(1st reign)
Tamar Gurieli Mamia III Gurieli
(Gurieli)
- 1716 1719
husband's accession
22 February 1720
husband's assassination
1742 George VII
(4th reign)
Elene-Khwaramzi Dadiani Bezhan I Dadiani, Duke of Mingrelia
(Dadiani)
- January 1717 15 March 1720
husband's accession
June 1720
husband's deposition
- George VIII
(2nd reign)
Mariam Dadiani Bezhan I Dadiani, Duke of Mingrelia
(Dadiani)
- 1721 before December 1732 Alexander V
(1st reign)
Tamar Abashidze Prince Levan Abashidze
(Abashidze)
- 23 December 1732 1741
husband's deposition
-
 ??? George Lipartiani?
(Lipartiani)
- 1741
husband's accession
1742
husband's deposition
George VII
Tamar Abashidze Prince Levan Abashidze
(Abashidze)
- 23 December 1732 1742
husband's accession
March 1752
husband's death
- Alexander V
(2nd reign)
Mariam Dadiani Otia Dadiani, Duke of Mingrelia
(Dadiani)
- 1752 March 1752
husband's accession
1766
husband's deposition
1780 Solomon I
(1st reign)
Ana/Melania/Ewphemia Chkhetidze Rostom I Chkhetidze, Duke of Racha
(Chkhetidze)
- 1766
husband's accession
1768
husband's deposition
Teimuraz
Mariam Dadiani Otia Dadiani, Duke of Mingrelia
(Dadiani)
- 1752 March 1752
husband's accession
1766
husband's deposition
1780 Solomon I
(2nd reign)
Gulkhana Tsulukidze Prince Tzulukidze
(Tsulukidze)
1730  ? 23 April 1784
husband's death
1800
Ana Orbeliani Prince Mamuka Jambakur-Orbeliani
(Orbeliani)
17 July 1765 - 4 May 1784
husband's accession
11 June 1789
husband's deposition
4 June 1832 David II
Mariam Dadiani Katsia II Dadiani, Duke of Mingrelia
(Dadiani)
- 1791 11 June 1789
husband's accession
20 February 1810
husband's deposition
18 March 1841 Solomon II

Annexation of Imereti to Russia by Alexander I of Russia, 20 February 1810.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Some sources has it thar she was just a mistress
  2. ^ David VII contracted a bigamous union with Althun during his first marriage, who he later repudiated.
  3. ^ Although a devout Christian, King Demetre II was criticized for his polygamy.
  4. ^ Cawley, Charles, Profile of George V, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012 ,[better source needed]
  5. ^ Cawley, Charles, Profile of John III and his children, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012 ,[better source needed]
  6. ^ Some sources name her as a member of Jaqeli family
  7. ^ Some sources say he was married to Helena of Kakheti