List of German World War II night fighter aces

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A German Bf 110G-4 night fighter at the RAF Museum in London.

A flying ace or fighter ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat.[1] German day and night fighter pilots claimed roughly 70,000 aerial victories during World War II, 25,000 over British or American and 45,000 over Russian flown aircraft. 103 German fighter pilots shot down more than 100 enemy aircraft for a total of roughly 15,400 aerial victories. Roughly a further 360 pilots claimed between 40 and 100 aerial victories for round about 21,000 victories. Another 500 fighter pilots claimed between 20 and 40 victories for a total of 15,000 victories. It is relatively certain that 2,500 German fighter pilots attained ace status, having achieved at least 5 aerial victories.[2] These achievements were honored with 453 German day and Zerstörer (destroyer) pilots having received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. 85 night fighter pilots, including 14 crew members, were awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.[3] The list is sorted by the number of aerial victories claimed at night.

German night fighter aces[edit]

      This along with the * (asterisk), indicates that the pilot was either killed in action, missing in action or killed in a flying accident.

Name Rank Night
Victories
Day
Victories
Total Wartime
Victories
Unit Notes Picture
Schnaufer, Heinz-WolfgangHeinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer[4] Major 121 0 121 NJG 1, NJG 4 Nicknamed "The Spook of St. Trond", Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer.jpg
Lent, HelmutHelmut Lent*[4] Oberst 102 8 110 ZG 76, NJG 1, NJG 2, NJG 3 killed in flying accident 7 October 1944 Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1987-137-10, Helmut Lent.jpg
Sayn-Wittgenstein, Heinrich-Alexander Prinz zuHeinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein*[4] Major 83 0 83 NJG 2 killed in action 21 January 1944 Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein.jpg
Streib, WernerWerner Streib[4] Oberst 67 1 68 ZG 1, NJG 1
Meurer, ManfredManfred Meurer*[4] Hauptmann 65 0 65 NJG 1, NJG 5 killed in action 21 January 1944
Radusch, GüntherGünther Radusch[4] Oberst 64 1 65 ZG 1, NJG 1, NJG 3, NJG 2
Schoenert, RudolfRudolf Schoenert[4] Major 64 0 64 NJG 1, NJG 2, NJG 3, NJG 100, NJGr 10, NJG 5
Rokker, HeinzHeinz Rökker[4] Hauptmann 63 1 64 NJG 2
Zorner, PaulPaul Zorner[4] Major 59 0 59 NJG 2, NJG 3, NJG 100, NJG 5
Becker, MartinMartin Becker[4] Hauptmann 58 0 58 NJG 4, NJG 6
Raht, GerhardGerhard Raht[4] Hauptmann 58 0 58 NJG 3, NJG 2
Herget, WilhelmWilhelm Herget[4] Major 57 16 73 ZG 76, NJG 3, NJG 1, NJG 4, JV 44
Welter, KurtKurt Welter[4] Oberleutnant 56 7 63 JG 301, Kdo Welter, NJG 11
Francsi, GustavGustav Francsi[4] Oberleutnant 56 0 56 NJG 100
Kraft, JosefJosef Kraft[4] Hauptmann 56 0 56 NJG 4, NJG 5, NJG 6, NJG 1
Struning, HeinzHeinz Strüning*[4] Hauptmann 56 0 56 ZG 26, NJG 2, NJG 1 killed in action 25 December 1944 Heinz Strüning.jpg
Frank, Hans-DieterHans-Dieter Frank*[4] Hauptmann 55 0 55 ZG 1, NJG 1 killed in action 27 September 1943
Vinke, HeinzHeinz Vinke*[4] Oberfeldwebel 54 0 54 NJG 1 killed in action 26 February 1944
Geiger, AugustAugust Geiger*[4] Hauptmann 53 0 53 NJG 1 killed in action 29 September 1943
Lippe-Weißenfeld, Egmont Prinz zurEgmont Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld*[4] Major 51 0 51 ZG 76, NJG 1, NJG 2, NJG 5 Killed in flying accident 22 March 1944 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2007-0221-500, Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld.jpg
Hoffmann, WernerWerner Hoffmann[4] Major 50 1 51 ZG 52, ZG 2, NJG 3, NJG 5
Kollak, ReinhardReinhard Kollak[4] Stabsfeldwebel 49 0 49 NJG 1, NJG 4
Greiner, HermannHermann Greiner[4] Hauptmann 47 4 51 NJG 1
Lütje, HerbertHerbert Lütje[4] Oberstleutnant 47 3 50 NJG 1, NJG 6
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2008-0505-501, Herbert Lütje.jpg
Hager, JohannesJohannes Hager[5] Hauptmann 47 1 48 NJG 1
Gildner, PaulPaul Gildner*[6] Oberleutnant 46 2 48 ZG 1, NJG 1 killed in action 24 February 1943
Augenstein, Hans-HeinzHans-Heinz Augenstein*[7] Hauptmann 46 0 46 NJG 1 killed in action 7 December 1944
Becker, LudwigLudwig Becker*[6] Hauptmann 46 0 46 NJG 1 killed in action 26 February 1943
Semrau, PaulPaul Semrau*[8] Major 46 0 46 NJG 2 killed in action 8 February 1945 Bundesarchiv Bild 146-2008-0024, Paul Semrau.jpg
Drünkler, Ernst-GeorgErnst-Georg Drünkler[9] Hauptmann 45 2 47 ZG 2, NJG 1, NJG 5
Frank, RudolfRudolf Frank[10] Leutnant 45 0 45 NJG 3
Lechner, AloisAlois Lechner*[11] Major 45 0 45 NJG 2, NJG 100 missing in action 23 February 1944
Knacke, ReinholdReinhold Knacke*[12] Hauptmann 44 0 44 ZG 1, NJG 1 killed in action 3 February 1943
Borchers, WalterWalter Borchers*[13] Oberstleutnant 43 16 59 NJG 5 killed in action 6 March 1945 Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-533-0006-14, Pilot mit Ritterkreuz und Schwimmweste.jpg
Drewes, MartinMartin Drewes[8] Major 43 6 49 ZG 76, NJG 1
Schmidt, DietrichDietrich Schmidt Hauptmann 43 0 43 NJG 1
Baake, WernerWerner Baake Hauptmann 41 0 41 NJG 1
Fellerer, LeopoldLeopold Fellerer Hauptmann 39 2 41 NJG 1, NJG 5, NJG 6
Meister, LudwigLudwig Meister Hauptmann 38 1 39 NJG 1, NJG 4
Bonin, Eckart-Wilhelm vonEckart-Wilhelm von Bonin Major 37 2 39 NJG 1, NJG 102
Ehle, WalterWalter Ehle Major 35 4 39 ZG 1, NJG 1
Beier, WilhelmWilhelm Beier Oberleutnant 38 0 38 NJG 2, NJG 1, NJG 3
Bergmann, HelmutHelmut Bergmann* Hauptmann 36 0 36 NJG 4, NJG 1
Bertram, GüntherGünther Bertram Oberleutnant 35 0 35 NJG 100
Bahr, GüntherGünther Bahr Oberfeldwebel 34 3 37 SKG 210, NJG 4, NJG 6
Hißbach, Heinz-HorstHeinz-Horst Hißbach*[14] Hauptmann 34 0 34 NJG 2 killed in action 14 April 1945
Husemann, WernerWerner Husemann[15] Major 34 0 34 NJG 1, NJG 3
Johnen, WilhelmWilhelm Johnen Hauptmann 34 0 34 NJG 1, NJG 5, NJG 6
Modrow, Ernst-WilhelmErnst-Wilhelm Modrow Hauptmann 34 0 34 NJG 1
Friedrich, GerhardGerhard Friedrich* Major 33 0 33 NJG 4, NJG 6 killed in action 16 March 1945
Hadeball, Heinz-MartinHeinz-Martin Hadeball[16] Hauptmann 33 0 33 NJG 1, NJG 4, NJG 6, NJGr 10
Kociok, JosefJosef Kociok Oberfeldwebel 33 0 33 ZG 76, SKG 210, 10(NJ)/ZG 1
Scherfling, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Scherfling* Oberfeldwebel 33 0 33 NJG 1 killed in action 21 July 1944
Rauh, Paul-HubertPaul-Hubert Rauh Major 31 0 31 NJG 1, NJG 4
Ferger, HeinzHeinz Ferger Hauptmann 30 0 30 NJG 2, NJG 3
Leickhardt, HansHans Leickhardt Major 30 0 30 NJG 3, NJG 1, NJG 5 missing in action 5 March 1945
Müller, Friedrich-KarlFriedrich-Karl Müller Major 30 0 30 JG 300, NJGr 10
Szameitat, PaulPaul Szameitat*[17] Hauptmann 28 1 29 NJG 1, NJG 5, NJG 3 killed in action 2 January 1944
Jabs, Hans-JoachimHans-Joachim Jabs Oberstleutnant 28 22 50 ZG 76, NJG 1
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R63400, Hans-Joachim Jabs.jpg
Sigmund, RudolfRudolf Sigmund* Hauptmann 26 2 28 NJG 1 killed in action 4 October 1943
Grimm, HeinzHeinz Grimm*[18] Leutnant 26 1 27 NJG 1 Died of wounds 13 October 1943
Köster, AlfonsAlfons Köster* Hauptmann 25 1 26 NJG 1, NJG 2, NJG 3 killed in action 6 January 1945
Linke, LotharLothar Linke* Oberleutnant 24 3 27 ZG 76, NJG 1, NJG 2 killed in action 14 May 1943
Thimmig, WolfgangWolfgang Thimmig Oberstleutnant 24 0 24 NJG 1, NJG 2, NJG 4
Woltersdorf, HelmutHelmut Woltersdorf* Oberleutnant 16 8 24 ZG 141, ZG 76, NJG 1 killed in action 2 June 1942
Hahn, HansHans Hahn*[5] Leutnant 13 0 13 NJG 2 killed in flying accident 11 October 1941

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Spick 1996, pp. 3–4.
  2. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 241.
  3. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 14.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Scutts 1998, p. 88.
  5. ^ a b Obermaier 1989, p. 127.
  6. ^ a b Obermaier 1989, p. 56.
  7. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 82.
  8. ^ a b Obermaier 1989, p. 77.
  9. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 103.
  10. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 68.
  11. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 155.
  12. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 55.
  13. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 92.
  14. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 133.
  15. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 138.
  16. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 126.
  17. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 213.
  18. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 121.
Bibliography
  • Kurowski, Franz (2007), Major Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer, Verlagshaus Würzburg, ISBN 978-3-88189-736-5 .
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Luftwaffe Fighter Force 1941 – 1945] (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-065-7. 
  • Scutts, Jerry (1998), German Night Fighter Aces of World War 2, Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, ISBN 1-85532-696-5 .
  • Spick, Mike (1996), Luftwaffe Fighter Aces, New York: Ivy Books, ISBN 0-8041-1696-2 .

External links[edit]