List of German exonyms for places in Latvia

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Map with German exonyms in Estonia and Latvia (Meyers Konversations-Lexikon, 1893-97)

This page contains a list of exonyms in German for geographical places in the current and previous territory of Latvia. The list is in alphabetical order according to the German exonyms with the Latvian endonyms to their right. A large part of the Latgale region of Latvia was included in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569-1772), later in the Vitebsk Guberniya of the Russian Empire (1804-1917), hence the common practice of transcribing Polish exonyms into German when no German exonym existed. Exonyms in italics are the transcribed versions of the Polish or Russian exonyms for the places in question.

The German exonyms in this list are not used in Latvia today except by German-speaking tourists on sightseeing. The practical use of this list is more of an historical nature, for use in genealogy, philately, deltiology and reading historical documents in general. Historically, many places were known only under their German names in Western Europe. There were quite a number of shtetls in Latvia prior to World War II and the Holocaust, which means that transcribed Yiddish exonyms in Latin letters of places in Latvia also exist.

Exonyms in this list were used in the first half of the 20th century and perhaps somewhat earlier. The spelling of the exonyms changes the further back in time they occur, since the German language changed considerably during the seven centuries of German presence in the Baltics.

A[edit]

B[edit]

C[edit]

D[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

G[edit]

H[edit]

I[edit]

J[edit]

K[edit]

L[edit]

M[edit]

N[edit]

O[edit]

P[edit]

R[edit]

S[edit]

T[edit]

U[edit]

V[edit]

W[edit]

Z[edit]

Ü[edit]

References[edit]

  • Harry von Hofmann (1999). Latvia, Handbook of Philately and Postal History. The Postmarks and Post Offices 1918-1940. Harry von Hofmann Verlag. ISBN 3-7636-5072-5. 
  • Andris Caune (1998). Rīgas Pārdaugava pirms 100 gadiem: Pārdaugavas iedzīvotāji 19. gs. beigu un 20. gs. sākuma atklātnēs (in Latvian). Zinātne, Riga. ISBN 5-7966-1163-1. 
  • Arveds Švābe; Aleksandrs Būmanis; Kārlis Dišlers (1936). Latviešu konversācijas vārdnīca, XIV. sējums: "Muižu nosaukumi" (in Latvian). A. Gulbja Apgādība, Riga. OCLC 15748235. 

External links[edit]