List of German films of 1933–45

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from List of German films 1933–1945)
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of German films of 1933–1945, the period of Nazi Germany, between Adolf Hitler's assumption of power (30 January 1933) and Karl Dönitz's surrender at the end of World War II (8 May 1945).

While not as highly regarded as the Weimar Republic-era films, the films of Nazi Germany, mainly made under control of Joseph Goebbels, hold a fascination for many, both as historical documents of one of the most important and disturbing periods of 20th century history, as well as for their own artistic merit. While some of them are popular only within the Neo-Nazi subculture, comedies starring Heinz Rühmann rank among the favourites of all Germans, and the propaganda films of Leni Riefenstahl have been influential, though controversial.

1933[edit]

Note: This year could count both as part of the Weimar era and the Third Reich era
Title Director Cast Genre Notes
Alle Machen mit Franz Wenzler Heinz Rühmann, Henny Porten, Magda Schneider Short film[1]
Das Blumenmädchen vom Grand-Hotel Carl Boese Elsa Merlini, Georg Alexander, Hans Brausewetter [2]
The Burning Secret Robert Siodmak Alfred Abel, Hilde Wagener Drama
Der Choral von Leuthen Carl Froelich, Arzén von Cserépy Otto Gebühr, Olga Tschechowa, Elga Brink [3]
Der Deutsche Reichstag zu Nürnberg Documentary [4]
The Flower of Hawaii Richard Oswald Mártha Eggerth, Hans Fidesser, Iván Petrovich [5]
Flüchtlinge Gustav Ucicky Hans Albers, Käthe von Nagy, Eugen Klöpfer Historical [6]
Gretel zieht das große Los Carl Boese Lucie Englisch, Leopold von Ledebur, Jakob Tiedtke [7]
Hans Westmar. Einer von vielen. Ein deutsches Schicksal aus dem Jahre 1929 Franz Wenzler Emil Lohkamp, Paul Wegener, Heinrich Heilinger Propaganda film [8]
Hitlerjunge Quex: Ein Film vom Opfergeist der deutschen Jugend Hans Steinhoff Berta Drews, Heinrich George, Jürgen Ohlsen Propaganda [9]
Hitlers Aufruf an das deutsche Volk
[citation needed]
Homecoming to Happiness Carl Boese Luise Ullrich, Paul Hörbiger Comedy
The House of Dora Green Henrik Galeen Mady Christians, Paul Hartmann Thriller
Ich und die Kaiserin Friedrich Hollaender Lilian Harvey, Conrad Veidt, Mady Christians Musical [10][11]
Der Jäger aus Kurpfalz Carl Behr Hans Adalbert Schlettow, Fritz Kampers, Carl Braun [12]
Kleiner Mann-Was Nun? Fritz Wendhausen Hermann Thimig, Viktor de Kowa, Hertha Thiele [13]
Liebelei Max Ophüls Paul Hörbiger, Magda Schneider, Wolfgang Liebeneiner [14]
Ein Lied geht um die Welt Richard Oswald Joseph Schmidt, Viktor de Kowa, Charlotte Ander [15]
The Marathon Runner Ewald André Dupont Brigitte Helm, Hans Brausewetter Sports
Meisterdetektiv Franz Seitz Comedy [citation needed]
The Merry Heirs Max Ophüls Heinz Rühmann, Max Adalbert, Ida Wüst Romance, comedy [16][17]
Morgenrot Gustav Ucicky Rudolf Forster, Adele Sandrock, Fritz Genschow [18]
Der Page vom Dalmasse-Hotel Victor Janson Dolly Haas, Harry Liedtke, Hans Junkermann [19]
S.A.-Mann Brand Franz Seitz Otto Wernicke, Elise Aulinger, Joe Stoeckel Propaganda film [20]
S.O.S. Eisberg Arnold Fanck Gustav Diessl, Leni Riefenstahl, Sepp Rist [21]
S.O.S. Iceberg Tay Garnett, Arnold Fanck Rod La Rocque, Leni Riefenstahl, Sepp Rist American-German co-production[22]
Das Schloß im Süden Géza von Bolváry Liane Haid, Viktor de Kowa, Paul Kemp “The Castle in the South”
Der Sieg des Glaubens Leni Riefenstahl Propaganda [23]
Die Sonne geht auf Willy Reiber Fritz Kampers, Rudolf Platte, Jakob Tiedtke [24]
The Testament of Dr. Mabuse Fritz Lang Oskar Beregi, Rudolf Klein-Rogge, Theodor Loos Crime [25][26]
Le Testament du Dr. Mabuse Fritz Lang Jim Gérald, René Ferté, Thomy Bourdelle French-language version of The Testament of Dr. Mabuse[25][27]
The Tunnel Curtis Bernhardt Paul Hartmann, Olly von Flint, Gustaf Gründgens Comedy-drama French-German co-production[28][29]
Viktor und Viktoria Reinhold Schünzel Renate Müller, Hermann Thimig, Adolf Wohlbrück [30]
Was Frauen träumen Géza von Bolváry Nora Gregor, Gustav Fröhlich, Kurt Horwitz Comedy, mystery [31][32]
Zwei gute Kameraden Max Obal Paul Hörbiger, Fritz Kampers, Margot Walter [33]

1934[edit]

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
Carmen Lotte Reiniger Animation[34]
La Chanson de l'adieu Albert Valentin, Géza von Bolváry Janine Crispin, Jean Servais, Lucienne Lemarchand German-French co-production[35]
Die Englische Heirat Reinhold Schünzel Adele Sandrock, Fritz Odemar, Georg Alexander [36]
Es tut sich was um Mitternacht Robert A. Stemmle Leopoldine Konstantin, Dolly Haas, Karl Ludwig Schreiber [37]
Ferien vom Ich Hans Deppe Hermann Speelmans, Carola Höhn, Georg H. Schnell [38]
Der Firmling Karl Valentin, Liesl Karlstadt [39]
Die Freundin eines großen Mannes Paul Wegener Käthe von Nagy, Karl Ludwig Diehl, Jessie Vihrog [40]
Fräulein Frau Carl Boese Paul Hörbiger, Jenny Jugo, Olga Limburg [41]
Das Gestohlene Herz Lotte Reiniger Animated short[42]
Gold Karl Hartl Hans Albers, Michael Bohnen, Brigitte Helm Science fiction, drama [43][44]
Hanneles Himmelfahrt Thea von Harbou Inge Landgut, Rudolf Klein-Rogge, Käte Haack [45]
Heinz in the Moon Robert A. Stemmle Heinz Rühmann, Annemarie Sörensen, Rudolf Platte Comedy [46]
Heldentum and Todeskampf unserer Emden Louis Ralph Louis Ralph, Wilhelm Kaiser-Heyl, Werner Fuetterer [47]
Ich kenn' dich nicht und liebe dich Géza von Bolváry I Don't Know You and I Love You
Im Schallplattenladen Hans H. Zerlett Karl Valentin, Liesl Karlstadt slapstick/comedy one of Valentin's classics based on his idea; In the Record (LP) Shop
Just Once a Great Lady Gerhard Lamprecht Käthe von Nagy, Wolf Albach-Retty Comedy
Liebe und die erste Eisenbahn Hasso Preis Love and the First Railroad
Liebe, Tod und Teufel Heinz Hilpert, Reinhart Steinbicker Love, Death and Devil
Ein Mann will nach Deutschland Paul Wegener A Man wants to get to Germany
Mother and Child Hans Steinhoff Henny Porten, Peter Voß Drama
Muratti greift ein Oskar Fischinger Animation
The Prodigal Son Luis Trenker Luis Trenker, Maria Andergast Drama
Der Schimmelreiter Hans Deppe, Curt Oertel Marianne Hoppe, Mathias Wieman classic literature/drama The Rider on the White Horse
So ein Flegel Robert A. Stemmle Heinz Rühmann, Ellen Frank, Inge Conradi, Annemarie Sorensen, Jakob Tiedtke, Else Bötticher, Oskar Sima, Franz Weber, Karl Platen, Rudolf Platte, Henriette Steinmann, Maria Seidler, Erwin van Roy, Walter Steinweg, Anita Mey, Evelyn Roberti What a Lout
Um das Menschenrecht Hans Zoberlein Hans Schlenck, Kurt Holm, Ernst Martens, Beppo Brem, Ludwig Ten Cloot, Hans Erich Pfleger, Paul Schaidler, Franz Loskarn, Leopold Kerscher, Werner Scharf, Trude Haefelin, Katja Specht, Ludwig Körösy, Hans Pössenbacher, Ludwig Schmid-Wildy For the Rights of Man; Anti-Communism propaganda paying homage to the Freikorps
Was bin ich ohne Dich Arthur Maria Rabenalt What Am I Without You?
William Tell Heinz Paul Hans Marr, Conrad Veidt Historical Co-production with Switzerland
A Woman with Power of Attorney Arzén von Cserépy Gerda Maurus, Ernst Dumcke Drama

1935[edit]

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
Achte mir auf Gakeki Alwin Elling Hermann Braun, Erich Fiedler, Heinz Flügge, Baby Gray, Rudolf Klicks, Georg Kroning, Herbert Schmidt Short
Alles um eine Frau Alfred Abel All for a Woman
Amphitryon Reinhold Schünzel Willy Fritsch, Paul Kemp, Käthe Gold, Fita Benkhoff, Adele Sandrock Musical Based on Greek mythology
April, April! Douglas Sirk
Der alte und der junge König Hans Steinhoff The Old and the Young King; The story of Friedrich Wilhelm I
Le Domino vert Henri Decoin, Herbert Selpin
Dr. Todt - Berufung und Werk 36 minute film about Dr. Fritz Todt and the Siegfried Line
Einer zuviel an Bord Gerhard Lamprecht One Too Many on Board
Ein Falscher Fuffziger Carl Boese A Two-Face
Das Erbe Carl Hartmann Short The Inheritance, propaganda for euthanasia and sterilization
Forget Me Not Augusto Genina Beniamino Gigli, Peter Bosse Drama Remade in Britain the following year
Friesennot Peter Hagen Propaganda Frisians in Peril; Distributed by the National Socialist State Propaganda Directorate; anti-Communism film
Henker, Frauen und Soldaten Johannes Meyer Hangmen, Women and Soldiers
The Higher Command Gerhard Lamprecht Lil Dagover, Karl Ludwig Diehl Historical
Ich liebe alle Frauen Carl Lamac I Love All Women
Im Aufmarschgebiet der abessinischen Armee Martin Rikli In the Staging Ground of the Abyssinian Army; Related to the Second Italo-Ethiopian War (?)
La Kermesse héroïque Jacques Feyder
Knockout - Ein junges Mädchen, ein junger Mann Carl Lamac, Hans H. Zerlett Knockout - A Young Girl, a Younger Man
Komposition in Blau Oskar Fischinger Animation Composition in Blue; In Gasparcolor
Mazurka Willi Forst
Das Mädchen Johanna Gustav Ucicky That Girl Joanna
Papageno Lotte Reiniger Animation
Punks Kommt aus Amerika Karlheinz Martin Attila Hörbiger, Lien Deyers, Ralph Arthur Roberts, Sybille Schmitz, Henry Lorenzen, Oskar Sima, Erika Glässner, Georges Boulanger, Maria Meissner, Josef Sieber, Ekkehard Arendt, Ernst Behmer, Hermann Braun, Louis Brody, Adolf Fischer Punks Comes from America
Das Stahltier Willy Zielke Documentary The Steel Animal
Tag der Freiheit: Unsere Wehrmacht Leni Riefenstahl Propaganda Day of Freedom - Our Wehrmacht; propaganda film about the 1935 Nazi Party Congress
Triumph des Willens Leni Riefenstahl Propaganda Triumph of the Will; propaganda film about the 1934 Nazi Party Congress
Trouble Backstairs Veit Harlan Henny Porten, Else Elster Comedy
Wunder des Fliegens: Der Film eines deutschen Fliegers Heinz Paul Ernst Udet, Jürgen Ohlsen, Kate Haack, Cornelius Booth, Leonie Duval The Miracle of Flight: The Film of a German Flyer, German boy who lost his pilot father in World War I meets and bonds with his hero, ace Ernst Udet. This was Ohlsen's last film.

1936[edit]

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
Across the Desert Johann Alexander Hubler-Kahla Fred Raupach, Aruth Wartan Adventure
Allotria Willi Forst
Augustus the Strong Paul Wegener Michael Bohnen, Lil Dagover Historical Co-production with Poland
The Beggar Student Georg Jacoby Fritz Kampers, Harry Hardt Musical
City of Anatol Viktor Tourjansky Gustav Fröhlich, Brigitte Horney Drama
The Court Concert Douglas Sirk Mártha Eggerth, Johannes Heesters Romantic comedy
Die unmögliche Frau Johannes Meyer Dorothea Wieck, Gustav Fröhlich Romance
Erbkrank Herbert Gerdes Propaganda Euthanasia propaganda film
Fährmann Maria Frank Wisbar
Fridericus Johannes Meyer Propaganda Propaganda film; set during the Seven Years' War, it shows Hitler as the legitimate heir to Frederick the Great
The Girl Irene Reinhold Schünzel Lil Dagover, Sabine Peters Drama
Glückskinder Paul Martin The Blessed Children
Das Hofkonzert Douglas Sirk The Court Concert
Home Guardsman Bruggler Werner Klingler Ludwig Kerscher, Franziska Kinz War
The Hound of the Baskervilles Carl Lamac Mystery Der Hund von Baskerville; A Sherlock Holmes film
The Impossible Woman Johannes Meyer Dorothea Wieck, Gustav Fröhlich Romance
The Kaiser of California Luis Trenker Western Der Kaiser von Kalifornien; About John Sutter, the owner of Sutters Mill; the only western set in the United States made in Nazi Germany
Kopfjäger von Borneo Baron Victor von Plessen Documentary Headhunters of Borneo; German-Dutch co-production
Neunzig Minuten Aufenthalt Harry Piel The 90 Minute Delay
Savoy-Hotel 217 Gustav Ucicky
Das Schönheitsfleckchen Carl Froelich, Rolf Hansen The Beauty Mark in Opticolor
Silhouetten Lotte Reiniger, Walter Reisch Animation Animated feature film
Stadt Anatol Viktor Tourjansky The Town of Anatol; Film concerning Balkan oil development
Stjenka Rasin Alexandre Volkoff
Tomfoolery Willi Forst Renate Müller, Jenny Jugo Comedy
Traumulus Carl Froelich Emil Jannings, Hilde Weissner, Harald Paulsen, Hildegard Barko, Wilhelm P. Krüger, Hannes Stelzer, Hans Joachim Schaufuß, Hans Richter, Alexander Kraft Hohenlohe, Hilde von Stolz, Herbert Hübner, Ernst Waldow, Karl Etlinger, Hans Brausewetter, Harry Frank, Ernst Legal
Victoria in Dover Erich Engel Jenny Jugo, Olga Limburg Romantic comedy
The Violet of Potsdamer Platz Johann Alexander Hubler-Kahla Rotraut Richter, Margarete Kupfer Drama
Vier Asse George Pal Animation Four Aces
Where the Lark Sings Carl Lamac Mártha Eggerth, Alfred Neugebauer Musical Co-production with Hungary and Switzerland
Zum Greifen nah Almost Close Enough to Touch, experimental 3-D film

1937[edit]

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
Alles Leben ist Kampf Herbert Gerdes Propganda documentary All Life Is Struggle; advocates involuntary sterilization of the disabled and those with hereditary diseases. Produced by the Racial Political Office of the NSDAP (Berlin).
Adventure in Warsaw Carl Boese Georg Alexander, Paul Klinger Comedy German-Polish co-production. Polish version A Diplomatic Wife also released.
The Broken Jug Gustav Ucicky Emil Jannings, Friedrich Kayßler Historical comedy
Don't Promise Me Anything Wolfgang Liebeneiner Luise Ullrich, Viktor de Kowa Comedy
Die Ganz großen Torheiten Carl Froelich All the Great Foolerie
Gasparone Georg Jacoby Starring Marika Rökk
Gewitterflug zu Claudia Erich Waschneck Stormy Flight to Claudia
La Habanera Douglas Sirk Zarah Leander, Ferdinand Marian, Karl Martell, Julia Serda, Paul Bildt, Edwin Jürgensen, Werner Finck Drama Zarah Leander falls in love with a Puerto Rican landowner
Der Herrscher Veit Harlan The Ruler; film extoling leadership principle; featuring Emil Jannings
Juden ohne Maske Walter Böttcher and Leo von der Schmiede The Jews Unmasked; 36 min Anti-Semitic documentary propaganda film
Kapriolen Gustaf Gründgens romantic comedy with newly-wed Gustaf Gründgens and Marianne Hoppe
Land of Love Reinhold Schünzel Albert Matterstock, Gusti Huber Romance
Man spricht über Jacqueline Werner Hochbaum People are talking about Jacqueline
Der Mann, der Sherlock Holmes war Karl Hartl Hans Albers, Heinz Rühmann, Marieluise Claudius, Hansi Knoteck, Hilde Weissner, Siegfried Schürenberg Comedic mystery The Man Who was Sherlock Holmes
Madame Bovary Gerhard Lamprecht Pola Negri, Aribert Wäscher Historical
Mädchen für alles Carl Boese A Girl for Everything
Mein Sohn, der Herr Minister My Son the Minister
The Model Husband Wolfgang Liebeneiner Heinz Rühmann, Leny Marenbach Comedy
Mussolini in Deutschland Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler documentary propaganda Mussolini in Germany; 31-minute film about Benito Mussolini's September 1937 visit to Munich
Opfer der Vergangenheit. Die Sünde wider Blut und Rasse. Gernot Bock-Stieber Anonymous victims of various illness. Euthanasia propaganda film Victims of the Past. The Sin against Blood and Race. This film was shown in every cinema in Germany.
Ride to Freedom Karl Hartl Willy Birgel, Ursula Grabley, Viktor Staal, Hansi Knoteck, Edwin Jürgensen, Werner Schott, Heinz von Cleve, Hans Reinhard Knitsch, Berthold Ebbecke, Hermann Braun, Rudolf Schündler, Aribert Grimmer, Clemens Hasse Historical Set in 1831 Poland.
Die Postkutsche This was the first experimental short movie in Agfacolor. It was shot on 35 mm reversal film.
Die Tochter des Samurai Arnold Fanck and Mansaku Itami The Daughter of the Samurai aka Atarashiki tsuchi; German-Japanese co-production
To New Shores Douglas Sirk Zarah Leander, Willy Birgel Melodrama
Truxa Hans H. Zerlett La Jana, Hannes Stelzer Drama
Sherlock Holmes und die graue Dame Erich Engels Sherlock Holmes and the Gray Lady
Unternehmen Michael Karl Ritter Heinrich George, Mathias Wieman, Willy Birgel, Hannes Stelzer, Heinz Welzel, Paul Otto, Otto Wernicke, Malte Jäger, Beppo Brem, Josef Dahmen, Josef Renner Operation Michael a/k/a The Private's Job
Weltraumschiff 1 startet... Anton Kutter science fiction
Wenn Frauen schweigen Fritz Kirchhoff When Women Remain Silent
Woman's Love—Woman's Suffering Augusto Genina Magda Schneider, Iván Petrovich Drama
Der zerbrochene Krug Gustav Ucicky The Broken Jug ; featuring Emil Jannings.
Festliches Nürnberg Hans Weidemann Festive Nuremberg; 21 minute compilation of footage from the 1936 and 37 Nazi Party Congresses

1938[edit]

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
Adrienne Lecouvreur Marcel L'Herbier Starring Yvonne Printemps, Pierre Fresnay. Co-production with France.
Die Bauten Adolf Hitlers Albert Speer Adolf Hitlers Constructions; 17-minute propaganda film about "racial aspects" of architecture
Der Berg ruft! Luis Trenker The Mountain Calls!
The Blue Fox Viktor Tourjansky Zarah Leander, Willy Birgel Comedy
Capriccio Karl Ritter Lilian Harvey, Viktor Staal Comedy
Carmen, la de Triana Florián Rey A Spanish-German version of Carmen shot in Germany because of the war in Spain.
Comrades at Sea Heinz Paul Theodor Loos, Ingeborg Hertel Kameraden auf See
España heroica Paul Laven Heroic Spain; 86-minute documentary propaganda film about Spanish Civil War
Faded Melody Viktor Tourjansky Brigitte Horney
Willy Birgel
Drama
Five Million Look for an Heir Carl Boese Heinz Rühmann, Leny Marenbach Comedy
Die Fromme Lüge Nunzio Malasomma Pola Negri, Josefine Dora, Hermann Braun, Herbert Hübner, Harald Paulsen, Hans Fetscherin, Walter Gross
The Four Companions Carl Froelich Ingrid Bergman, Sabine Peters Drama
Gastspiel im Paradies Karl Hartl
The Great and the Little Love Josef von Báky Jenny Jugo, Gustav Fröhlich Comedy
Das Indische Grabmal Richard Eichberg The Indian Tomb
Jugend Veit Harlan Kristina Söderbaum, Eugen Klöpfer, Hermann Braun, Werner Hinz, Elisabeth Flickenschildt, Ernst Behmer Title translation: "Youth."
Der Maulkorb Erich Engel
The Mystery of Betty Bonn Robert A. Stemmle Maria Andergast, Theodor Loos Adventure
Nanu, Sie kennen Korff noch nicht? Fritz Holl So You Don't Know Korff Yet?
Olympia 1. Teil - Fest der Völker Leni Riefenstahl Olympics, Part 1 - Celebration of the People; documentary of 1936 Summer Olympics. Shows Opening Ceremonies, Jesse Owens race, marathons
Olympia 2. Teil - Fest der Schönheit Leni Riefenstahl Olympics, Part 2 - Celebration of Beauty; includes field hockey, soccer, bicycling, equestrian, aquatic and gymnastic events, the Pentathlon, the Decathlon and Closing Ceremonies.
People Who Travel Jacques Feyder Françoise Rosay, André Brule Drama French-language version of Travelling People
Pour le Mérite Karl Ritter In praise of war veterans rejecting the Weimar Republic and the illegal rearmament.
Le Récif de corail Maurice Gleize
Red Orchids Nunzio Malasomma Olga Tschechowa, Albrecht Schoenhals Crime
The Roundabouts of Handsome Karl Carl Froelich Heinz Rühmann, Karin Hardt Comedy
Es leuchten die Sterne Hans H. Zerlett Musical revue; released in the U.S. as The Stars Shine and in other countries under various titles
S.O.S. Sahara Jacques de Baroncelli Charles Vanel, Jean-Pierre Aumont Drama French-language film. Made by UFA's French subsidiary.
Travelling People Jacques Feyder Hans Albers, Françoise Rosay Drama A separate French-language version was also made
Was tun, Sybille? Peter Paul Brauer Jutta Freybe, Ingeborg von Kusserow, Hans Leibelt, Hermann Braun, Maria Koppenhöfer, Christine Grabe, Charlotte Schellhorn, Charlotte Hamann, Inge Landgut, and Hanna Mohs Title translation: "What to Do Sybil?"
The Woman at the Crossroads Josef von Báky Ewald Balser
Magda Schneider
Drama
Urlaub auf Ehrenwort Karl Ritter Leave on Parole
Wort und Tat Fritz Hippler Words and Deeds; 10-minute documentary propaganda film shows economic progress of Germany under Hitler by a series of montages
You and I Wolfgang Liebeneiner Brigitte Horney, Joachim Gottschalk Romance

1939[edit]

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
Bachelor's Paradise Kurt Hoffmann Heinz Rühmann, Josef Sieber Comedy
Bel Ami Willi Forst Olga Tschechowa Period drama
Cadets Karl Ritter Mathias Wieman, Carsta Löck War Not put into general release until December 1941
La canción de Aixa Florián Rey Spanish-German film shot in Germany because of the war in Spain. A love story among Moors in Spanish Morocco.
D III 88 Herbert Maisch, Hans Bertram Christian Kayßler, Otto Wernicke, Heinz Welzel, Hermann Braun, Adolf Fischer, Horst Birr, Karl Martell, Fritz Eberth, Carsta Löck, Paul Otto, Paul Bildt, Erich Dunskus, Ilse Fürstenberg, Malte Jäger, Eduard von Winterstein, Wolfgang Staudte, Walter Gross Drama Film from the perspective of a veteran officer about the November Revolution
Deutsches Land in Afrika Johannes Häussler German Land in Africa; documentary
Drei Unteroffiziere Werner Hochbaum Albert Hehn, Fritz Genschow War drama
Ein Lied verklingt In Agfacolor
The False Step Gustaf Gründgens Marianne Hoppe, Karl Ludwig Diehl Drama
Hallo Janine! Carl Boese Johannes Heesters, Rudi Godden Musical
Irrtum des Herzens Bernd Hofmann and Alfred Stöger
Leinen aus Irland Heinz Helbig Comedy Linen from Ireland, a comic anti-Semitic film in which a Jew tries to import linen duty-free from Ireland
Legion Condor Karl Ritter Paul Hartmann, Albert Hehn War
Liberated Hands Hans Schweikart Brigitte Horney, Olga Tschechowa Drama
Das Lied der Wüste Paul Martin Song of the Desert
The Life and Loves of Tschaikovsky Carl Froelich Zarah Leander, Aribert Wäscher Historical romance
Maria Ilona Géza von Bolváry Paula Wessely, Willy Birgel Historical/Drama
Marionette Carmine Gallone Beniamino Gigli, Carla Rust Comedy German/Italian co-production
Mutterliebe Gustav Ucicky Mother Love; propaganda film about family and race
Die Reise nach Tilsit Veit Harlan
Renate in the Quartet Paul Verhoeven Käthe von Nagy, Hans Brausewetter Musical comedy
Robert and Bertram Hans Heinz Zerlett Rudi Godden, Kurt Seifert Comedy
Il Sogno di Butterfly Carmine Gallone
The Scoundrel Hans Deppe Hans Moser, Josefine Dora Comedy
Shoulder Arms Jürgen von Alten F.W. Schröder-Schrom, Rolf Mobius Drama
Target in the Clouds Wolfgang Liebeneiner Albert Matterstock, Leny Marenbach Drama
Umwege zum Glück Fritz Peter Buch
Uproar in Damascus Gustav Ucicky Brigitte Horney, Joachim Gottschalk Thriller
Walfänger in der Antarktis Gerhard A. Donner Whaling Ship in the Antarctic; 55 minute documentary
Wasser für Canitoga Herbert Selpin Hans Albers western Water for Canitoga; set in Canada.
Der Westwall Fritz Hippler The West Wall; propaganda film about the Siegfried Line
Wibbel the Tailor Viktor de Kowa Erich Ponto, Fita Benkhoff Historical comedy
A Woman Like You Viktor Tourjansky Brigitte Horney, Joachim Gottschalk Romance

1940[edit]

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
Achtung! Feind hört mit! Arthur Maria Rabenalt Kirsten Heiberg, Rolf Weih, Rene Deltgen, Lotte Koch Beware! The Enemy Is Listening!
Bismarck Wolfgang Liebeneiner
Baumeisterin Chemie Hans Schipulle Short Documentary 17 minutes
Deutsche Arbeitsstätten Svend Noldan German Work Places; 10 min documentary
Deutsche Panzer Walter Ruttmann German Tanks; 13 min documentary about Panzers
Deutsche Waffenschmieden Walter Ruttmann German Weaponry; 12 min documentary
L'Entraîneuse Albert Valentin Nightclub Hostess
Der Ewige Jude Fritz Hippler The Eternal Jew; Anti-Semitic documentary propaganda film
Fahrt ins Leben Bernd Hofmann Journey Into Life; Nazi film about 3 Merchant Navy Cadets.
Feinde Viktor Tourjansky Enemies; Film justifying the German Invasion of Poland
Feldzug in Polen Fritz Hippler Campaign in Poland; documentary propaganda film about the 1939 invasion of Poland
Feuertaufe Baptism by Fire; propaganda film about Luftwaffe in the 1939 invasion of Poland
Friedrich Schiller - Der Triumph eines Genies Herbert Maisch Friedrich Schiller - the Triumph of a Genius
Der Fuchs von Glenarvon Max W. Kimmich Olga Tschechowa, Karl Ludwig Diehl, Ferdinand Marian, Elisabeth Flickenschildt, Traudl Stark, Albert Florath, Lucie Höflich, Else von Möllendorff, Richard Häussler, Ellen Bang, Curt Lucas, Werner Hinz, Hermann Braun, Hans Mierendorff, Paul Otto, Hans Richter, Horst Birr, Peter Elsholtz, Aribert Mog, Hilde Körber, Friedrich Kayßler, Bruno Hübner, Joachim Pfaff, Karl Dannemann, Bernhard Goetzke, Karl Hannemann The Fox of Glenarvon; pro-Irish film.
The Girl at the Reception Gerhard Lamprecht Magda Schneider, Richard Haussler Drama
The Girl from Barnhelm Hans Schweikart Käthe Gold, Ewald Balser Historical comedy
Das Herz der Königin Carl Froelich The Heart of the Queen starring Zarah Leander as Mary, Queen of Scots
Indianer Ernst R. Müller and Gerd Philipp Documentary Indians; 85 minute documentary
Jud Süß Veit Harlan The Jew Suss; dramatic anti-Semitic propaganda film
Kampf um Norwegen - Feldzug 1940 Martin Rikli Battle for Norway - 1940 campaign; documentary propaganda film about the Norwegian Campaign
Kleider machen Leute Helmut Käutner based on the story by Swiss writer Gottfried Keller starring Heinz Rühmann and his wife Hertha Feiler
Kora Terry Georg Jacoby
Der Marsch zum Führer Unknown The March to the Führer; documentary propaganda film about Hitler Youth March to Nazi Party Congress
Operette Willi Forst, Karl Hartl and Robert Naestelberger
Der Postmeister Gustav Ucicky The Postmaster
Rosen in Tirol Géza von Bolváry Roses in Tyrol
Die Rothschilds Erich Waschneck The Rothschilds; anti-semitic dramatic propaganda film
Stern von Rio Karl Anton Star of Rio
Tierparadies Südamerika Werner Buhre and K. Krieg Documentary Animal Paradise South America; 66 minutes in length.
Thüringen, das grüne Herz Deutschlands J.C. Hartmann Short Documentary Thuringia: The Green Heart of Germany; 13 minute documentary
Unser Fräulein Doktor Erich Engel Our Woman Doctor
Verwandte sind auch Menschen Hans Deppe Fritz Klaudius, Heinz Salfner, Else von Möllendorff, Ellen Bang, Hermann Braun, Margarete Kupfer, Oscar Sabo, Ernst Dumcke, Fritz Odemar, and Renée Stobrawa Relatives Are People Too.
Vom Bäumlein, das andere Blätter hat gewollt Heinz Tischmeyer animation Propaganda
Wunschkonzert Eduard von Borsody Request Concert; musical romance set at the 1936 Summer Olympics

1941[edit]

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
Above All Else in the World Karl Ritter Paul Hartmann, Hannes Stelzer Drama
Achte mir auf Gakeki Alwin Elling Hermann Braun
Everything for Gloria Carl Boese Leo Slezak, Laura Solari Romance
Annelie Josef von Báky Story of a heroic World War II German mother.
Auf Wiedersehen, Franziska Helmut Käutner Goodbye, Franziska; film about a wife reminding her husband of his duty to go to war.
Bunte Kriechtierwelt Wolfram Junghans The Colorful World of Animals that Crawl; nature documentary; in Agfacolor
Carl Peters Herbert Selpin A film about the pioneer instilling nationalistic ideology into the plot.
Clarissa Gerhard Lamprecht Sybille Schmitz, Gustav Fröhlich Romance
Frauen sind doch bessere Diplomaten Georg Jacoby Women are better Diplomats; in Agfacolor
Friedemann Bach Traugott Müller Gustav Gründgens, Leny Marenbach Biopic
Der Gasmann Carl Froelich
Die Englische Krankheit Kurt Stefan The Sickness of Being English; 13 min documentary anti-British propaganda film
Heimkehr Gustav Ucicky Homecoming; dramatic anti-Polish propaganda film
Ich klage an Wolfgang Liebeneiner I Accuse You; pro-euthanasia propaganda film
Immer nur Du Karl Anton Only Ever You; musical romantic comedy
Jenny und der Herr im Frack Paul Martin Jenny and the Gentleman in Coattails; comedy; features brief nudity; involves philately (stamp collecting)
Kampfgeschwader Lützow Hans Bertram Christian Kayßler, Hermann Braun, Heinz Welzel, Hannes Keppler, Marietheres Angerpointner, Carsta Löck, Adolf Fischer, Horst Birr, Helmut vom Hofe, Peter Voss Battle Squadron Lützow One of the last films made by Hermann Braun (1918-1945) prior to being drafted and killed in combat.
Kleine Mädchen-große Sorgen Boleslaw Barlog Hannelore Schroth, Geraldine Katt, Hermann Braun, Inge Burg, Dagny Servaes, Eva Prawitz, Fritz Odemar, Carsta Löck, Hans Brausewetter, and Roma Bahn Comedy? Little Girl—Very Worried One of the last films made by Hermann Braun (1918-1945) prior to being drafted and killed in combat.
LAH Im Einsatz LAH in Action; 39-minute propaganda film about 1st SS Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler
Liebe ist zollfrei E.W. Emo comedy
Mamma Guido Brignone Mother; German-Italian co-production
Mein Leben für Irland Max W. Kimmich My Life for Ireland; dramatic anti-British propaganda film
Menschen im Sturm Fritz Peter Buch Men in the Storm; propaganda film justifing the German annexation of northern Slovenia, dramatizing the "oppression" of the Volksdeutsch community there
Ohm Krüger Hans Steinhoff about Paul Kruger, the South African leader in the Boer War; features Emil Jannings and Gustaf Gründgens; anti-British propaganda
Quax, der Bruchpilot Kurt Hoffmann dramatic pro-Luftwaffe and anti-individualist film with propaganda tendencies starring Heinz Rühmann
...reitet für Deutschland Arthur Maria Rabenalt Riding for Germany; blacklisted film; director banned for 2 years by the Americans for this film about a tournament runner with blatant patriotic and nationalistic undertones.
Sechs Tage Heimaturlaub Jürgen von Alten Six Days of Home Leave
Sieg im Westen Svend Noldan Victory in the West; documentary/propaganda film about Blitzkrieg in Western Europe
Sowjetparadies The Soviet Paradise, 14-minute anti-Soviet documentary propaganda film
Spätrupp Hallgarten Herbert Fredersdorf Hallgarten Patrol; soldier's death propaganda.
Stukas Karl Ritter pro-Luftwaffe propaganda film; "Stuka" was a slang term for a German dive bomber
The Swedish Nightingale Peter Paul Brauer Ilse Werner, Karl Ludwig Diehl Musical
U-Boote westwärts Günther Rittau Herbert Wilk, Heinz Engelmann, Joachim Brennecke, Ernst Wilhelm Borchert, Karl John, Clemens Hasse, Ilse Werner, Admiral Karl Dönitz as himself Kriegsmarine recruiting and anti-British propaganda film U-Boats Westward; about U-Boats in the Battle of the Atlantic
Venus on Trial Hans H. Zerlett Hannes Stelzer, Hansi Knoteck Drama
Vertigine Guido Brignone Tragödie einer Liebe; Broken Love; German-Italian co-production

1942[edit]

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
5 June Fritz Kirchhoff Carl Raddatz, Joachim Brennecke War Banned by Joseph Goebbels in November 1942 for unspecified reasons.
Andreas Schlüter Herbert Maisch A film about the sculptor Andreas Schlüter; subliminal Nazi propaganda throughout.
Attack on Baku Fritz Kirchhoff Willy Fritsch, René Deltgen Thriller Anschlag auf Baku; anti-British propaganda.
Beloved World Emil Burri Brigitte Horney, Willy Fritsch Musical/Comedy
Berlin-Wie Es War Berlin the Way it Was; 87 min documentary about pre-war Berlin
Boote mit Flügeln Nicholas Kaufmann Documentary 14 min documentary
Diesel Gerhard Lamprecht Willy Birgel, Hilde Weissner Biopic
Die Entlassung Wolfgang Liebeneiner The Dismissal; Sequel to Bismarck (1940); features Emil Jannings
GPU Karl Ritter Anti-Communism propaganda.
Die goldene Stadt Veit Harlan The Golden City; in Agfacolor
Der Große König Veit Harlan Historical Drama The Great King; historical drama about King Frederick the Great of Prussia
Die Große Liebe Rolf Hansen The Great Love; featuring Zarah Leander; highest grossing film of the Third Reich.
Himmelhunde Roger von Norman Sky Dogs; about a young glider pilot who becomes a military pilot; targeted toward youths.
Kleine Residenz Hans H. Zerlett
Männer, Meer und Stürme. Ein Film von der Romantik und dem Leben an Bord eines Segelschiffes Heinrich Hauser and Hubert Schonger Men, Sea and Storm: A Film of the Romance and the Life Onboard a Segelship; 18 min documentary about Kriegsmarine
Rembrandt Hans Steinhoff
Rund um die Freiheitsstatue 15-minute Anti-American propaganda film. aka Round the Statue of Liberty,Corruption of America
Die Sache mit Styx Karl Anton
Die See ruft Hans Fritz Köllner Documentary
Sprung in den Feind Wilhelm Stöppler 22-minute propaganda film, showing the invasion of the Netherlands. The bridge of Moerdijk is taken with Fallschirmjäger.
Das Tapfere Schneiderlein Hubert Schonger
The Thing About Styx Karl Anton Laura Solari, Viktor de Kowa Comedy/Crime
We Make Music Helmut Käutner Ilse Werner, Viktor de Kowa Musical comedy
Wiener Blut Willi Forst Viennese Blood
Zwei in einer großen Stadt Volker von Zollende Two in a Big City

1943[edit]

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
Alltag zwischen Zechentürmen Leo de Laforgue 15 minute documentary
Akrobat Schööön! Wolfgang Staudte
Asse zur See Hermann Stöß Documentary
Das Bad auf der Tenne Volker von Collande In Agfacolor
Circus Renz Arthur Maria Rabenalt René Deltgen, Paul Klinger Drama
The Crew of the Dora Karl Ritter The Crew of the Dora
Damals Rolf Hansen
Deutschland - Italien - Ungarn. Ein Boxländerkampf im Kriegsjahr 1942 Germany-Italy-Hungary. Boxing Championships in war year 1942
Frauen sind keine Engel Women Are Not Angels
Geheimnis Tibet H.A. Lettow and Ernst Schäfer Secretive Tibet; documentary about SS expedition to Tibet; aka Lhasa-Lo - Die verbotene Stadt - Lhasa-Lo - The Lost City
Germanin - Die Geschichte einer kolonialen Tat Max W. Kimmich Germanin - The Tale of a Colonial Deed; about a doctor in Germany's former African colonies
Die Goldene Spinne Erich Engels The Golden Spider
Ich vertraue Dir meine Frau an Kurt Hoffmann I Entrust My Wife to You
Immensee Veit Harlan In Agfacolor
Junker der Waffen-SS Young Men of the Armed SS
Karneval der Liebe Paul Martin Carneval of Love
Der Kleine Grenzverkehr Hans Deppe based on a short story by Erich Kästner
Liebeskomödie Theo Lingen Love Comedy
Love Premiere Arthur Maria Rabenalt Hans Söhnker, Kirsten Heiberg Drama
Männer gegen Panzer Men Against Tanks
A Man with Principles? Géza von Bolváry Hans Söhnker, Elfie Mayerhofer Comedy
Maske in Blau Paul Martin Mask in Blue
Melody of a Great City Wolfgang Liebeneiner Hilde Krahl, Werner Hinz Musical
Münchhausen Josef von Báky In Agfacolor, celebrating the 25th anniversary of the Ufa with impressive special effects; starring Hans Albers and Ilse Werner
Paracelsus Georg Wilhelm Pabst
Romanze in Moll Helmut Käutner Drama Based on a story by Guy de Maupassant starring Marianne Hoppe and Paul Dahlke
Titanic Werner Klingler and Herbert Selpin Sybille Schmitz, Hans Nielsen, Kirsten Heiberg, E.F. Fürbringer, Karl Schönböck, Charlotte Thiele, Otto Wernicke, Franz Schafheitlin, Sepp Rist, Monika Burg, Jolly Bohnert, Fritz Böttger, Hermann Brix, Lieselott Klinger, Theodor Loos, and Karl Meixner Propaganda Disaster film casting a fictitious German officer on the RMS Titanic as the hero and the British as villains.
Scherzo - Verwitterte Melodie Hans Fischerkoesen Weather-beaten Melody; animation
Josef Thorak, Werkstatt und Werk Hans Cürlis and Arnold Fanck A 14 minute film about Nazi sculptor Josef Thorak
Die Wirtin zum Weißen Rößl Karl Anton

1944[edit]

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
Arno Breker Hans Cürlis and Arnold Fanck 13 min documentary
Atlantik-Wall Arnold Fanck 19-minute propaganda film about the Atlantic Wall
The Black Robe Fritz Peter Buch Lotte Koch, Richard Haussler Drama
The Buchholz Family Carl Froelich Henny Porten, Paul Westermeier Drama
Das war mein Leben Paul Martin That Was My Life
The Degenhardts Werner Klingler Heinrich George, Ernst Schröder War/Drama
Engel mit dem Saitenspiel, Der Heinz Rühmann
Es fing so harmlos an Theo Lingen
Es lebe die Liebe Erich Engel
Feuerzangenbowle, Die Helmut Weiss Comedy comedy with Heinz Rühmann in his most famous role as Hans Pfeiffer "with three fs"
Die Frau meiner Träume Georg Jacoby Woman of My Dreams In Agfacolor
Die Goldene Gans Lotte Reiniger Animation The Golden Goose
Große Freiheit Nr. 7 Helmut Käutner Große Freiheit [Great Freedom] is the name of a Hamburg street. Then censored Agfacolor film with Hans Albers
I Need You Hans Schweikart Marianne Hoppe, Willy Birgel Comedy
Junge Adler Alfred Weidenmann Young Eagles
Kleine Muck, Der Franz Fiedler
Kleine Sommermelodie, Eine Volker von Collande A Little Summer Melodie
Opfergang Veit Harlan In Agfacolor
Orient-Express Viktor Tourjansky
Panorama Monthly news human interest series; in color
Scharfschütze in der Geländeausbildung Sniper training film
Der Schneemann Hans Fischerkoesen Animation in Agfacolor The Snowman
Schrammeln Géza von Bolváry
Ein Schöner Tag Philipp Lothar Mayring A Beautiful Day
Theresienstadt:Der Führer schenkt den Juden eine Stadt Kurt Gerron Propaganda film about how "well" the Jews were treated in concentration camps subtitled: The Fuhrer Gives the Jews a City
Vom Einsatz der Ordnungspolizei in allen Fronten des Krieges On the Action of the Order Police in All Fronts of the War
The Wedding Hotel Carl Boese Karin Hardt, René Deltgen Comedy

1945[edit]

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
Anna Alt Werner Klingler Anneliese Uhlig, Will Quadflieg Drama
Dumme Gänslein, Das Hans Fischerkoesen Animation The Silly Little Goose
Das kleine Hofkonzert Paul Verhoeven The Little Court Concert; In Agfacolor
Hochzeit im Korallenmeer Horst von Möllendorff Wedding in the Coral Sea
Kolberg Veit Harlan propaganda film in Agfacolor
Das Leben geht weiter Wolfgang Liebeneiner Life Continues
Shiva und die Galgenblume Hans Georg Andres and Michaela Krützen In Agfacolor
Via Mala Josef von Báky Karin Hardt
Carl Wery
Melodrama

Unclassified[edit]

Note: The year of these films may be unknown or they may span multiple years.

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
Die Deutsche Wochenschau The German Weekly Show; newsreel series
Die Frontschau Fritz Hippler The Front Show; Series of technical films shown to soldiers before they were sent to the Eastern Front

Uncompleted[edit]

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
Das Ghetto Documentary Filmed in 1942, never finished; subject of the 2010 documentary A Film Unfinished
Tiefland Leni Riefenstahl Filmed 1940-44 the movie was completed after World War II and released 1954

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alle Machen mit". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Das Blumenmädchen vom Grand-Hotel". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Der Choral von Leuthen". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Der Deutsche Reichstag in Nürnberg". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Die Blume von Hawaii". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Flüchtlinge". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Gretel zieht das große Los". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Hans Westmar. Einer von vielen. Ein deutsches Schicksal aus dem Jahre 1929". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Hitlerjunge Quex: Ein Film vom Opfergeist der deutschen Jugend". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Ich und die Kaiserin". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  11. ^ Brennan, Sandra. "Ich und Die Kaiserin". Allmovie. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Der Jäger aus Kurpfalz". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Kleiner Mann - was nun?". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Liebelei". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Ein Lied geht um die Welt". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Lachende Erben". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Lachende Erben". Allmovie. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  18. ^ "Morgenrot". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  19. ^ "Der Page vom Dalmasse-Hotel". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  20. ^ Erickson, Hal. "S.A.-Mann Brand". Allmovie. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  21. ^ "SOS Eisberg". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  22. ^ "S.O.S. Iceberg". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Der Sieg des Glaubens". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  24. ^ "Der Sieg des Glaubens". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  25. ^ a b "The Testament of Dr. Mabuse". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  26. ^ Legar, Patrick. "The Testament of Dr. Mabuse". Allmoive. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  27. ^ "The Testament of Dr. Mabuse". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  28. ^ "Der Tunnel". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  29. ^ Erickson, Hal. "Der Tunnel". Allmoive. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Viktor und Viktoria". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  31. ^ "Was Frauen träumen". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  32. ^ Erlewine, Iotis. "Was Frauen traeumen". Allmovie. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  33. ^ "Zwei gute Kameraden". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  34. ^ "Carmen". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  35. ^ "Le chanson de l'adieu". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  36. ^ "Die Englische Heirat". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  37. ^ "Es tut sich was um Mitternacht". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  38. ^ "Ferien vom Ich". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  39. ^ "Der Firmling". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  40. ^ "Die Freundin eines großen Mannes". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  41. ^ "Fräulein Frau". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  42. ^ "Das gestohlene Herz". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  43. ^ "Gold". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  44. ^ Erickson, Hal. "Gold". Allmovie. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  45. ^ "Hanneles Himmelfahrt". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  46. ^ "Heinz im Mond". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  47. ^ "Heldentum und Todeskampf unserer "Emden"". Filmportal.de. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 

See also[edit]