List of German supercentenarians

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This is a list of verified German supercentenarians (people from Germany who have attained the age of at least 110 years). There have been 45 verified supercentenarians from Germany.[1] The oldest person ever from Germany was Maria Laqua, (12 February 1889 - 9 February 2002) who died in 2002 aged 112 years, 362 days (but Augusta Holtz, aged 115 years, 79 days, died in the USA in 1986). As of 19 September 2014, there are 2 verified living supercentenarians, 1 pending, and 5 unverified in Germany; the oldest of whom is Frieda Szwillus, aged 112 years, 173 days.[2]

Living German supercentenarians[edit]

Below is a list of the oldest living people from Germany and born in Germany. Those listed as 'verified' have been validated by an international body that specifically deals in longevity research, such as the Gerontology Research Group. Those listed as 'pending' have provided at least one document supporting the claimed age but not the three necessary for validation. Those that are 'unverified' have provided no documents to support the age claimed.

      Verified       Pending       Unverified

Rank Name Sex Birth date Age as of 19 September 2014 State of birth State of residence
1 Frieda Szwillus[3] F 30 March 1902 112 years, 173 days Anhalt Saxony
2 Johanna Klink[4] F 17 January 1903 111 years, 245 days Prussia (Silesia) Saxony
Charlotte Klamroth[5] F 18 August 1903 111 years, 32 days Saxony Rhineland-Palatinate
Elisabeth Franke[6] F 10 November 1903 110 years, 313 days Prussia (Silesia) North Rhine-Westphalia
Rosa Rose[7] F 4 December 1903 110 years, 289 days ? Lower Saxony
Margarete Dannheimer[8][9] F 28 January 1904 110 years, 234 days Bavaria Bavaria
Anonymous[10] F March 1904 110 years ? North Rhine-Westphalia
Else Rönsch[11] F 17 March 1904 110 years, 186 days Prussia (Pomerania) Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Living German emigrant supercentenarians[edit]

Rank Name Sex Birth date Age as of 19 September 2014 State of birth Country of residence
Luzia Mohrs[12] F 23 March 1904 110 years, 180 days Prussia (Rhine Province) Living in Brazil as Sister Maria Electis

German supercentenarians[edit]

      Deceased (Verified)       Living (Verified)       Pending

Rank Name Sex Birth date Death date Age State or Country of birth State of death
1 Maria Laqua[13] F 12 February 1889 9 February 2002 112 years, 362 days Prussia (Rhine Province) Rhineland-Palatinate
Rosalia Hasenkampf[5] F 14 October 1889 10 July 2002 112 years, 269 days Russia[a] North Rhine-Westphalia
2 Frieda Szwillus[14] F 30 March 1902 Living 112 years, 173 days Anhalt Living in Saxony
3 Gertrud Henze[1] F 8 December 1901 22 April 2014 112 years, 135 days Prussia (Pomerania) Lower Saxony
4 Meta Berndt[13] F 9 November 1889 28 December 2001 112 years, 49 days Prussia (Pomerania)[b] North Rhine-Westphalia
5 Irmgard von Stephani[15] F 20 September 1895 5 October 2007 112 years, 15 days Prussia (Hesse-Nassau) Berlin
6 Lina Zimmer[13] F 20 November 1892 28 August 2004 111 years, 282 days Württemberg Baden-Württemberg
7 Hermann Dörnemann[13] M 27 May 1893 2 March 2005 111 years, 279 days Prussia (Rhine Province) North Rhine-Westphalia
8 Magdalene Regener[13] F 5 March 1891 19 November 2002 111 years, 259 days Prussia (Hesse-Nassau) Lower Saxony
9 Johanna Klink[16] F 17 January 1903 Living 111 years, 245 days Prussia (Silesia)[c] Living in Saxony
10 Elisabeth Heck[13] F 11 July 1893 3 February 2005 111 years, 207 days Baden Hesse
11 Paula Baumgärtner[17] F 16 August 1881 24 February 1993 111 years, 192 days Prussia (Westphalia) Baden-Württemberg
12 Margarete Ottmann[18] F 23 February 1903 17 August 2014 111 years, 175 days Prussia (Silesia)[d] Bavaria
13 Elisabeth Schneider[1] F 19 August 1901 9 February 2013 111 years, 174 days Prussia (Westphalia) Lower Saxony
14 Katharina Braun[19] F 23 September 1867 5 February 1979 111 years, 135 days Bavaria (Palatinate) Rhineland-Palatinate
15 Anna Stephan[13] F 25 March 1892 3 August 2003 111 years, 131 days Bohemia[e] Bavaria
16 Elsa Tauser[15] F 10 July 1896 6 October 2007 111 years, 88 days Hamburg Schleswig-Holstein
Käthe Wulf[5] F 23 March 1902 19 June 2013 111 years, 88 days ? Hesse
17 Bertha Lindemann[19] F 11 March 1891 29 May 2002 111 years, 79 days Brunswick Lower Saxony
Charlotte Klamroth[5] F 18 August 1903 Living 111 years, 32 days Saxony Living in Rhineland-Palatinate
18 Else Aßmann[1] F 18 February 1902 15 February 2013 110 years, 363 days Prussia (Brandenburg) Berlin
19 Aloysia Tilscher[13] F 9 December 1893 8 November 2004 110 years, 335 days Moravia[f] Bavaria
20 Frieda Schmidt[20] F 15 December 1899 6 November 2010 110 years, 326 days Prussia (Brandenburg) Brandenburg
21 Berta Zeisler[20] F 2 February 1900 1 December 2010 110 years, 302 days Lorraine[g] Rhineland-Palatinate
22 Gisela Metreweli[21] F 10 October 1893 31 July 2004 110 years, 295 days Bavaria Bavaria
23 Marie Stutz[15] F 22 October 1896 11 August 2007 110 years, 293 days Hesse Bavaria
24 Frieda Müller[13] F 18 October 1894 21 July 2005 110 years, 276 days Prussia (Brandenburg) Brandenburg
Franziska Rau[5] F 9 March 1902 6 December 2012 110 years, 272 days Baden Baden-Württemberg
25 Pauline Spyra[19] F 24 April 1886 11 January 1997 110 years, 262 days Prussia (Silesia) Bavaria
26 Frieda Tessmer[22] F 5 August 1897 28 March 2008 110 years, 236 days Prussia (Brandenburg) Berlin
27 Clothilde Rey[13] F 20 November 1892 9 July 2003 110 years, 231 days Prussia (Rhine Province) North Rhine-Westphalia
28 Erna Scharfenberg[13] F 26 June 1894 26 January 2005 110 years, 214 days Hamburg Schleswig-Holstein
29 Mathilde Stoellger[23] F 21 April 1893 16 November 2003 110 years, 209 days Prussia (Rhine Province) North Rhine-Westphalia
30 Karolina Gröber[24] F 27 April 1901 21 November 2011 110 years, 208 days Bavaria Bavaria
31 Friedrich Wedeking[19] M 10 October 1862 5 May 1973 110 years, 207 days Lippe North Rhine-Westphalia
32 Maria Corba[13] F 15 August 1878 8 March 1989 110 years, 205 days Banat[h] North Rhine-Westphalia
33 Charlotte Bauch[24] F 12 October 1900 2 May 2011 110 years, 202 days Saxony Bavaria
34 Arno Wagner[13] M 4 June 1894 22 December 2004 110 years, 201 days Saxony Saxony
35 Franziska Umrath[25] F 5 September 1885 18 February 1996 110 years, 166 days Prussia (West Prussia)[i] Hamburg
36 Johanne Rasmus[15] F 25 October 1896 25 March 2007 110 years, 151 days Prussia (Hanover) Lower Saxony
Maria Volmer[5] F 8 June 1890 6 November 2000 110 years, 151 days Prussia (Westphalia) North Rhine-Westphalia
37 Helene Heidbreder[15] F 19 May 1897 8 October 2007 110 years, 142 days Prussia (Westphalia) Lower Saxony
Maria Jantke[5] F 18 October 1902 9 March 2013 110 years, 142 days Prussia (West Prussia)[j] North Rhine-Westphalia
38 Emma Joisten[22] F 21 June 1898 8 November 2008 110 years, 140 days Prussia (Hesse-Nassau) North Rhine-Westphalia
39 Johanne Wilks[19] F 8 February 1893 23 June 2003 110 years, 135 days Oldenburg Lower Saxony
40 Ella Ille Rentel[26] F 19 May 1852 19 September 1962 110 years, 123 days Russia[k] North Rhine-Westphalia
Lina von Veh[22] F 17 February 1898 19 June 2008 110 years, 123 days Russia[l] Bavaria
Vera Schmitt[5] F 28 December 1903 26 April 2014 110 years, 119 days Bavaria Bavaria
Paul Veit[5] M 15 January 1903 21 March 2013 110 years, 65 days Prussia (Brandenburg) Brandenburg
42 Maria Schmitz[13] F 27 August 1886 22 October 1996 110 years, 56 days Prussia (Rhine Province) North Rhine-Westphalia
43 Wilhelm Schorner[19] M 3 February 1889 29 March 1999 110 years, 54 days Bavaria Bavaria
Thea Breckerbaum[5] F 6 October 1902 25 November 2012 110 years, 50 days Prussia (Posen)[m] Hesse
44 Franziska Maier[22] F 23 April 1898 20 May 2008 110 years, 27 days Bohemia[n] Saxony-Anhalt
45 Irene Mergelsberg[13] F 4 March 1893 6 March 2003 110 years, 2 days Hesse Hesse

a^ Hasenkampf was born in a part of the Russian Empire. It is now in Russia.
b^ Berndt was born in Kaffzig, which had then been a part of the German Empire; it is now Kawcze and located in Poland.
c^ Klink was born in Siemianowitz, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now Siemianowice Śląskie in Poland.
d^ Ottmann was born in Bauerwitz, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now Baborów in Poland.
e^ Stephan was born in Bohemia, which was then part of the Austrian part of Austria-Hungary. It is now in the Czech Republic.
f^ Tilscher was born in Moravia, which was then part of the Austrian part of Austria-Hungary. It is now in the Czech Republic.
g^ Zeisler was born in Lorraine, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now in France.
h^ Corba was born in Izgar, which was then part of the Hungarian part of Austria-Hungary. It is now in Romania.
i^ Umrath was born in Danzig, which was then part of the German Empire; it is now Gdańsk and located in Poland.
j^ Jantke was born in Marienburg, which was then part of the German Empire; it is now Malbork and located in Poland.
k^ Rentel was born in Geldauschinken, which was then part of the Russian Empire. It is now in Lithuania.
l^ von Veh was born in a part of the Russian Empire. It is now in Russia.
m^ Breckerbaum was born in Neudorf bei Wronke, which was then part of the German Empire; it is now Nowa Wieś koło Wronek and located in Poland.
n^ Maier was born in Bohemia, which was then part of the Austrian part of Austria-Hungary. It is now in the Czech Republic.

German emigrant supercentenarians[edit]

Rank Name Sex Birth date Death date Age State of birth Country of death
1 Augusta Holtz[27] F 3 August 1871 21 October 1986 115 years, 79 days Prussia (Posen)[o] United States
2 Charlotte Benkner[13] F 16 November 1889 14 May 2004 114 years, 180 days Saxony United States
3 Adelheid Kirschbaum[13] F 29 September 1883 21 December 1996 113 years, 83 days Prussia (Rhine Province) United States
4 Rosa Rein[20] F 24 March 1897 14 February 2010 112 years, 327 days Prussia (Silesia)[p] Switzerland
5 Marguerite Petit[28] F 5 July 1883 21 December 1995 112 years, 171 days Lorraine[q] France
6 Berta Rosenberg[29] F 5 September 1896 28 January 2009 112 years, 145 days Prussia (Hesse-Nassau) United States
7 Helen Johnson[22] F 20 July 1896 17 April 2008 111 years, 272 days Prussia (Berlin) United States
8 Catherine Trompeter[13] F 26 March 1895 18 November 2006 111 years, 237 days Alsace[r] France
9 Johanna Frank[13] F 15 September 1875 24 November 1986 111 years, 70 days Hamburg United States
10 Carl Berner[1] M 27 January 1902 7 January 2013 110 years, 346 days Württemberg United States
11 Caroline Dott[20] F 5 February 1900 8 August 2010 110 years, 184 days Alsace[s] France
12 Else Hessberg[23] F 5 December 1892 12 April 2003 110 years, 128 days Prussia (Hesse-Nassau) United States
13 John Mauch[13] M 24 December 1888 7 March 1999 110 years, 73 days Württemberg United States
14 Giovanna Meyer-Zettel[13] F 6 December 1896 12 January 2007 110 years, 37 days Alsace[t] Italy
15 Wilhelmine Gnueg[21] F 12 March 1894 17 April 2004 110 years, 36 days Prussia (Hesse-Nassau) United States
16 Mathilde Bonzo-Wrede[13] F 29 May 1890 8 June 2000 110 years, 10 days Prussia (Westphalia) Switzerland

o^ Holtz was born in Czarnikau, which was then part of the German Empire; it is now Czarnków and located in Poland.
p^ Rein was born in Myslowitz, which was then part of the German Empire; it is now Mysłowice and located in Poland.
q^ Petit was born in Lorraine, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now in France.
r^ Trompeter was born in Alsace, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now in France.
s^ Dott was born in Alsace, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now in France.
t^ Meyer-Zettel was born in Alsace, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now in France.

Oldest living German person by state[edit]

This is a list of the oldest living people by each state of residence.

      Under 110       Verified       Pending       Unverified

State Name Sex Birth date Age
Baden-Württemberg Herta Oeser[30] F 24 June 1905 109 years, 87 days
Bavaria Margarete Dannheimer F 28 January 1904 110 years, 234 days
Berlin Elfriede Martha Petrasch[31] F 16 February 1905 109 years, 215 days
Brandenburg Ottilie Diering[citation needed] F 9 July 1907 107 years, 72 days
Bremen Herta Pirke[citation needed] F June 1905 109 years
Hamburg Erna Ida Brandt[32] F 10 April 1906 108 years, 162 days
Hesse Rivka Yezersky[33] F 28 December 1905 108 years, 265 days
Lower Saxony Rosa Rose F 4 December 1903 110 years, 289 days
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Else Rönsch F 17 March 1904 110 years, 186 days
North Rhine-Westphalia Elisabeth Franke F 10 November 1903 110 years, 313 days
Rhineland-Palatinate Charlotte Klamroth F 18 August 1903 111 years, 32 days
Saarland Lisbeth Uhl[34] F 23 September 1906 107 years, 361 days
Saxony Frieda Szwillus F 30 March 1902 112 years, 173 days
Saxony-Anhalt Gustav Gerneth[35][36] M 15 October 1905 108 years, 339 days
Schleswig-Holstein Luise Dzikowski[37] F 17 September 1906 108 years, 2 days
Thuringia Gerda Becker[38] F 14 April 1906 108 years, 158 days

Oldest German person by state of birth[edit]

This is a list of the oldest people by birth from each state—according to today's borders

      Deceased (Verified)       Living (Verified)       Pending       Unverified

State Name Sex Birth date Death date Age
Baden-Württemberg Lina Zimmer F 20 November 1892 4 August 2004 111 years, 282 days
Bavaria Gisela Metreweli F 10 October 1893 31 July 2004 110 years, 295 days
Berlin Helen Johnson F 20 July 1896 17 April 2008 111 years, 272 days
Brandenburg Else Aßmann F 18 February 1902 15 February 2013 110 years, 363 days
Bremen
Hamburg Elsa Tauser F 10 July 1896 6 October 2007 111 years, 88 days
Hesse Berta Rosenberg F 5 September 1896 28 January 2009 112 years, 145 days
Lower Saxony Elsa Peck[39] F 20 April 1902 28 January 2014 111 years, 283 days
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Gertrud Henze F 8 December 1901 22 April 2014 112 years, 135 days
North Rhine-Westphalia Maria Laqua F 12 February 1889 9 February 2002 112 years, 362 days
Rhineland-Palatinate Adelheid Kirschbaum F 29 September 1883 21 December 1996 113 years, 83 days
Saarland
Saxony Charlotte Benkner F 16 November 1889 14 May 2004 114 years, 180 days
Saxony-Anhalt Frieda Szwillus F 30 March 1902 Living 112 years, 173 days
Schleswig-Holstein
Thuringia Else Guddat[40] F 24 December 1903 29 September 2013 109 years, 279 days

Chronological list of the oldest living person in Germany since 1989[edit]

      Under 110/Deceased (Verified)       Living (Verified)       Pending       Unverified

From To Name Sex Age(s) when oldest Lifespan State of death
Unidentified 8 March 1989 Maria Corba F ? – 110 15 August 1878 – 8 March 1989
110 years, 205 days
North Rhine-Westphalia
8 March 1989 30 October 1989
(236 days)
Elfried Libbert F 109 5 May 1880 – 30 October 1989
109 years, 178 days
Hesse
30 October 1989 24 February 1993
(3 years, 117 days)
Paula Baumgärtner F 108 – 111 16 August 1881 – 24 February 1993
111 years, 192 days
Baden-Württemberg
24 February 1993 26 April 1993
(61 days)
Gertrud Pannwitz F 109 4 November 1883 – 26 April 1993
109 years, 173 days
Schleswig-Holstein
26 April 1993 26 January 1995
(1 year, 275 days)
Ottilie Aleith[41] F 108 – 109 13 February 1885 – 26 January 1995
109 years, 347 days
Thuringia
26 January 1995 3 July 1996
(1 year, 159 days)
Karolina Krüger F 109 – 111 17 February 1885 – 3 July 1996
111 years, 137 days
North Rhine-Westphalia
3 July 1996 11 January 1997
(192 days)
Pauline Spyra F 110 24 April 1886 – 11 January 1997
110 years, 262 days
Bavaria
11 January 1997 18 May 1998
(1 year, 127 days)
Wilhelm Lehnen M 108 – 109 22 July 1888 – 18 May 1998
109 years, 300 days
Hesse
18 May 1998 5 January 1999
(232 days)
Marie Stegmann F 109 17 January 1889 – 6 January 1999
109 years, 354 days
North Rhine-Westphalia
5 January 1999 29 March 1999
(83 days)
Wilhelm Schorner M 109 – 110 3 February 1889 – 29 March 1999
110 years, 54 days
Bavaria
29 March 1999 9 February 2002
(2 years, 323 days)
Maria Laqua F 110 – 112 12 February 1889 – 9 February 2002
112 years, 362 days
Rhineland-Palatinate
9 February 2002 10 September 2002
(213 days)
Rosalia Hasenkampf F 112 14 October 1889 – 10 September 2002
112 years, 269 days
North Rhine-Westphalia
10 September 2002 19 November 2002
(70 days)
Magdalene Regener F 110 – 111 5 March 1891 – 19 November 2002
111 years, 259 days
Lower Saxony
19 November 2002 3 August 2003
(257 days)
Anna Stephan F 110 – 111 25 March 1892 – 3 August 2003
111 years, 131 days
Bavaria
3 August 2003 28 August 2004
(1 year, 25 days)
Lina Zimmer F 110 – 111 20 November 1892 – 28 August 2004
111 years, 282 days
Baden-Württemberg
28 August 2004 2 March 2005
(186 days)
Hermann Dörnemann M 111 27 May 1893 – 2 March 2005
111 years, 279 days
North Rhine-Westphalia
2 March 2005 21 July 2005
(141 days)
Frieda Müller F 110 18 October 1894 – 21 July 2005
110 years, 276 days
Brandenburg
21 July 2005 5 October 2007
(2 years, 76 days)
Irmgard von Stephani F 109 – 112 20 September 1895 – 5 October 2007
112 years, 15 days
Berlin
5 October 2007 6 October 2007
(1 day)
Elsa Tauser F 111 10 July 1896 – 6 October 2007
111 years, 88 days
Schleswig-Holstein
6 October 2007 22 June 2008
(260 days)
Frieda Borchert F 110 – 111 5 January 1897 – 22 June 2008
111 years, 169 days
Berlin
22 June 2008 8 November 2008
(139 days)
Emma Joisten F 110 21 June 1898 – 8 November 2008
110 years, 140 days
North Rhine-Westphalia
8 November 2008 27 December 2008
(49 days)
Elisabeth Schilling F 109 3 September 1899 – 27 December 2008
109 years, 115 days
Bavaria
27 December 2008 6 November 2010
(1 year, 314 days)
Frieda Schmidt F 109 – 110 15 December 1899 – 6 November 2010
110 years, 326 days
Brandenburg
6 November 2010 1 December 2010
(25 days)
Berta Zeisler F 110 2 February 1900 – 1 December 2010
110 years, 302 days
Rhineland-Palatinate
1 December 2010 2 May 2011
(152 days)
Charlotte Bauch F 110 12 October 1900 – 2 May 2011
110 years, 202 days
Bavaria
2 May 2011 21 November 2011
(203 days)
Karolina Gröber F 110 27 April 1901 – 21 November 2011
110 years, 208 days
Bavaria
21 November 2011 9 February 2013
(1 year, 80 days)
Elisabeth Schneider F 110 – 111 19 August 1901 – 9 February 2013
111 years, 174 days
Lower Saxony
9 February 2013 22 April 2014
(1 year, 72 days)
Gertrud Henze F 111 – 112 8 December 1901 – 22 April 2014
112 years, 135 days
Lower Saxony
22 April 2014 Present
(150 days)
Frieda Szwillus F 112* born 30 March 1902
age 112 years, 173 days
Living in Saxony

People[edit]

Ella Ille Rentel[edit]

Ella Ille Rentel (19 May 1852 – 19 September 1962) was a German-Lithuanian supercentenarian. She held the record of the oldest person who died in Germany before Friedrich Wedeking surpassed her. The record for the oldest woman was broken by Katharina Braun. She was born in Geldauschinken (Lithuania), relocated in 1941 to Pomerania (Germany, since 1945 Poland), went in 1957 to Germany and died in Herne.[citation needed]

Preceded by
Mathilda Müller
Germany's oldest recognized living person
7 January 1959 – 19 September 1962
Succeeded by
Margarethe Zinndorf
Preceded by
Wilhelmus Kostering
Oldest recognized person born in Europe
9 December 1960 – 19 September 1962
Succeeded by
Lovisa Svensson

Friedrich Wedeking[edit]

Friedrich Wedeking (10 October 1862 – 5 May 1973) was one of the first German supercentenarians. He was born in Blomberg and died in Dortmund. He was one of the founding members of the gliders club, which was started in 1931 and is still active in Blomberg today.[42]

He was the oldest living man from 21 March 1968, following the death of John Mosely Turner, until Wedeking's death at age 110 years, 207 days. Wedeking was succeeded as world's oldest living man by Frederick Butterfield.

Katharina Braun[edit]

Katharina Braun (23 September 1867 – 5 February 1979) was a German supercentenarian and the record holder for the highest age of a person born and died in Germany. The record holder before her was Friedrich Wedeking - for females Ella Ille Rentel; her record was broken by Paula Marie Baumgärtner. She was born and died in Offenbach an der Queich.

Preceded by
Margarethe Sauer
Oldest recognized person in Germany
14 January 1977 – 5 February 1979
Succeeded by
Elvira Gabriele Sadde
Preceded by
Marie-Virginie Duhem
Europe's oldest recognized living person
5 April 1978 – 5 February 1979
Succeeded by
Frederique Noël

Paula Marie Baumgärtner[edit]

Paula Marie Baumgärtner (16 August 1881 – 24 February 1993) was a German supercentenarian and the record holder for the highest age of a person born and died in Germany. The record holder before her was Katharina Braun. The record for the oldest person born in Germany was broken by Adelheid Kirschbaum and for the oldest which died in Germany by Maria Laqua. She was born in Witten and died in Weinheim.

Preceded by
Minna Splittgerber
Oldest recognized person born in Germany
19 May 1991 – 24 February 1993
Succeeded by
Marguerite Petit
Germany's oldest recognized living person
19 May 1991 – 24 February 1993
Succeeded by
Gertrud Pannwitz

Adelheid Kirschbaum[edit]

Adelheid Kirschbaum (29 September 1883 – 21 December 1996) was the oldest person born in Germany ever before Charlotte Benkner; before her Katharina Braun was the record holder. She was born in Neuwied and died in New York. Kirschbaum also was the oldest Jewish person ever before Evelyn Kozak.[43]

Preceded by
Marguerite Petit
Oldest recognized person born in Germany
24 February 1993 – 21 December 1996
Succeeded by
Pauline Spyra

Maria Laqua[edit]

Maria Laqua (12 February 1889 – 9 February 2002) was a German supercentenarian who is actually the oldest person ever to be born and die in Germany. Only three German emigrant supercentenarians—Augusta Holtz, Charlotte Benkner and Adelheid Kirschbaum—became older. Laqua was also the first German supercentenarian to live in three centuries.

Maria Laqua was born in 1889 in Reydt-Odenkirchen, Bavaria as one of 13 children. She worked as housemaid, married and gave birth to two children in the 1920s. Her husband Charles died in 1958. Their both sons fell in the Second World War. Laqua lived for 35 years in a retirement home in Bad Hönningen, Rhineland-Palatinate and passed away in her sleep, three days before her 113th birthday. She was only survived by a great-niece who attended her regularly. It was reported that Laqua was in need of care, bedridden and not accessible during her last years. Nevertheless there were also good days when Maria Laqua had suddenly a flash and spoke. During a visit of a bishop for example, she had spoken at once and told a lot.[44]

Preceded by
Wilhelm Schorner
Germany's oldest recognized living person
29 March 1999 – 9 February 2002
Succeeded by
Magdalene Regener

Anna Stephan[edit]

Anna Stephan (25 March 1892 – 3 August 2003) was a German supercentenarian who was born in Altenteich, Bohemia as one of 12 children. Stephan married twice and gave birth to four daughters. In 1945, the Sudeten German family was evicted from their home. With 50 kilogram of luggage, Anna Stephan fled with her husband and children to Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz, Germany. After the Second World War, she went into the forest every day to gather wood and she also knitted and patched farmer’s clothes so that her family got something to eat. Anna Stephan lived on her own until the age of 106 and died in a retirement home in Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz nearly 5 months after her 111th birthday. She was outlived by three daughters, nine grandchildren, 14 great-grandchildren and 13 great-great-grandchildren.[45][46]

Preceded by
Magdalene Regener
Germany's oldest recognized living person
19 November 2002 – 3 August 2003
Succeeded by
Lina Zimmer

Frieda Schmidt[edit]

Frieda Schmidt (15 December 1899 – 6 November 2010) was a German supercentenarian who was the oldest person in Germany until her death on 6 November 2010 at the age of 110 years and 326 days. Schmidt was born in Bergsdorf, a district of Zehdenick, Brandenburg, where she also died. According to a newspaper she had once worked as a service maid for Philip, Prince of Eulenburg. During her life she lost her only husband in 1951 and two daughters. Frieda Schmidt spent her last years in her daughter’s home and busied herself with needlework. At the time of her death she had eight grandchildren, thirteen great-grandchildren, four great-great-grandchildren and one great-great-great-grandchild. Also a sister of Schmidt was living in Berlin.[47][48][49]

Preceded by
Rosa Rein
Oldest recognized person born in Germany
14 February 2010 - 6 November 2010
Succeeded by
Berta Zeisler
Preceded by
Elisabeth Schilling
Germany's oldest recognized living person
27 December 2008 – 6 November 2010
Succeeded by
Berta Zeisler

Frieda Borchert[edit]

Frieda Borchert (5 January 1897 – 22 June 2008) was a German supercentenarian who was the oldest person in Germany until her death on 22 June 2008 at the age of 111 years and 169 days. Borchert was born in Guscht, Pomerania (today Strzelce Krajeńskie, Poland) and grew up in Landsberg an der Warte (Gorzów Wielkopolski). She was the only girl among six siblings. After her marriage she and her husband moved to Berlin where their son was born. After her husband's death from a heart attack she returned with her son to her parents' house which she was expelled from in World War II. Borchert went back to Berlin where she worked as a maid. She married a second time and gave birth to another child. Frieda Borchert was reported to have survived two husbands and both children. At the age of 100, she moved into a nursing home in Zehlendorf (Berlin) where she died. Into old age, she had still been mentally alert. Until now, Frieda Borchert is unverified.[50][51]

Karolina Gröber[edit]

Karolina Gröber (27 April 1901 – 21 November 2011) was a German supercentenarian who was the oldest person in Germany from the death of Frieda Borchert on June 22, 2008 until her own death on 21 November 2011 at the age of 110 years and 208 days. Gröber was born in Lechhausen, which became a part of Augsburg, Bavaria, in 1913, where she spent most of her lifetime. In 1906 she met Louis III who visited Augsburg for the celebration of its incorporation into the Kingdom of Bavaria 100 years previously in 1806. Gröber began a dressmaking apprenticeship before World War I but did not graduate because it was not possible to acquire material and also to sell clothes. She married in 1927 and gave birth to one daughter ten years later. Gröber was in good health until her 100th birthday in 2001. Then she had two hip fractures she never recovered from. Gröber suffered also from dementia. She spent the last years of her life in poor health in a nursing home in Augsburg where she died.[52][53]

Elisabeth Schneider[edit]

Elisabeth Schneider (19 August 1901 – 9 February 2013) was a German supercentenarian who was the oldest person in Germany from the death of Karolina Gröber on November 21, 2011 until her own death on 9 February 2013 at the age of 111 years and 174 days. She was born in Bad Oeynhausen, North Rhine-Westphalia, in 1901 and had two sisters. She married in 1923 and gave birth to a daughter two years later. Schneider lived on her own until the age of 97. At her 111th birthday she was asked for the secret of her longevity as the oldest living German supercentenarian and replied laughing that others just would have given up gasping for breath. On 9 February 2013, she died in a retirement home in Varel, Lower Saxony. Schneider was outlived by her daughter, two grandchildren and four great-grandchildren.[54][55]

Gertrud Henze[edit]

Gertrud Henze (8 December 1901 – 22 April 2014) was a German supercentenarian who had been the oldest living person in Germany from the death of Elisabeth Schneider on February 9, 2013 until her death on 22 April 2014. The former librarian was born on Rügen and never got married or gave birth to a child. She was still in good health and lived in a retirement home in Göttingen from 1993 where she was well-liked by many residents for her open and life-affirming attitude. Henze attributed her longevity to reading a lot, having lively contact with other people, sometimes enjoying a cigarette and a glass of wine and never marrying. She celebrated her 112th birthday only with some friends and relatives because the public interest in her birthday the year before had made it too exhausting. She enjoyed reading, even with the help of a magnifying glass. Despite her physical limitations Henze was able to walk with the help of a walking frame to meet acquaintances and friends for a chat. Henze died on 22 April 2014 at the age of 112 years and 135 days.[56][57][58]

Frieda Szwillus[edit]

Frieda Szwillus (born 30 March 1902) is a German supercentenarian who has been Germanys oldest living person since the death of Gertrud Henze on 22 April 2014. In 1902 she was born in Dessau, today in Saxony-Anhalt, as Frieda Hennig and had 6 siblings of whom three reached almost 100. In 1908 she and her family moved to Erla. Szwillus was married two times, raised one biological and three step-children and has outlived all of them. Frieda Szwillus has always lived modestly and sparingly. One reason for this might be that she worked for less money in a hosiery mill.

At the end of 2011 Szwillus was bedridden for some weeks but recovered. Until now the great-great-grandmother is living at home in Raschau with her family and needs no medicine: Mrs. Szwillus is in a good physical but not mental condition in consequence of suffering from dementia. Szwillus’ family traces her longevity to having a lively family life. She often visited her siblings but never went on vacation. Furthermore Szwillus was only physically active during her youth. Later she enjoyed knitting and embroidering much more. She has been verified by the GRG on 22 May 2014.[59][60][61]

Preceded by
Gertrud Henze
Germany's oldest recognized living person
22 April 2014 - present
Succeeded by
Incumbent

Further German age records[edit]

  • The most famous German case where at least one descendant of an 110-year-old parent also has reached 100, might be the case of Johanne Wilks (8 February 1893 – 23 June 2003) and her three daughters. Ida Renken is 100 years, 181 days old. Her older sister Anna died at the age of 90, her younger sister Dora was 94 years old in March 2014.[62]
  • The oldest twins that ever have lived in Germany were the monozygotics Elfriede Platt and her younger twin sister Alice Stadler. They were born on 15 February 1910. Platt died on 13 July 2013 at the age of 103 years and 148 days. Stadler is still alive at the age of 104 years, 216 days and suffers from dementia.[63]
  • It seems to be that the oldest German siblings must have been Johanna Klink (born 17 January 1903) and the middle sister of her three ones, who died at the age of 105 at the end of 2011 when Klink was shy from her 109th birthday. So their combined age was nearly 214 years. Also Klink’s youngest sister lived until 98.[64]
  • The oldest marriage record holder in Germany were Michael Nikolaus (7 January 1901 – 29 January 2007) and Katherina Nikolaus (1907 – 19 December 2005), who married on 26 December 1924. They were married for 80 years and 358 days.[65]
  • The oldest German clergyman ever and the oldest living Roman Catholic priest at the time of his death was Konrad Fuchs (15 October 1897 – 13 November 2006). He died at the age of 109 years and 29 days. At the time of his death he was the second oldest living German man.[66]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Validated living supercentenarians The Gerontology Research Group lists persons as living whose age has been validated and confirmed to be alive within the past year.
  2. ^ http://supercentenarian-research-foundation.org/TableE.aspx
  3. ^ http://supercentenarian-research-foundation.org/TableE.aspx
  4. ^ http://supercentenarian-research-foundation.org/TableE.aspx
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j List of Pending cases
  6. ^ "110 Jahre: Älteste Bürgerin der Stadt feierte runden Geburtstag". 
  7. ^ "Rosa Rose feierte 110. Geburtstag". 
  8. ^ Margarete Dannheimer: date of birth mentioned as 01/28/1904 in 2012 (PDF, 1,52 MB)
  9. ^ Margarete Dannheimer zum 110. Geburtstag - der ältesten Bürgerin im Landkreis (PDF, 1,24 MB)
  10. ^ "Muskeltraining mit 100 – Essener Senioren immer fitter". 14 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "Herzlichen Glückwunsch! Älteste Frau aus MV wird heute 110". 17 March 2014. 
  12. ^ "Deutsche Missionarin Sr. Maria Electis SND feiert in Brasilien 110. Geburtstag" (in German). March 22, 2014. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Supercentenarians who lived in Germany
  14. ^ http://supercentenarian-research-foundation.org/TableE.aspx
  15. ^ a b c d e GRG Deaths in 2007
  16. ^ http://supercentenarian-research-foundation.org/TableE.aspx
  17. ^ GRG Oldest People in 1994
  18. ^ http://supercentenarian-research-foundation.org/TableE.aspx
  19. ^ a b c d e f GRG Table B2
  20. ^ a b c d GRG Deaths in 2010
  21. ^ a b GRG Deaths in 2004
  22. ^ a b c d e GRG Deaths in 2008
  23. ^ a b GRG Deaths in 2003
  24. ^ a b GRG Deaths in 2011
  25. ^ GRG Deaths in 1996
  26. ^ World's Oldest Person Titleholders since 1955
  27. ^ [1]
  28. ^ [2]
  29. ^ GRG Deaths in 2009
  30. ^ "Mario Gómez grüßt via DFB-Trikot". 24 June 2014. 
  31. ^ "Die Morgenpost gratuliert". 19 October 2013. 
  32. ^ "Mit 108: Sie freut sich auf die Fußball-WM!". 8 April 2014. 
  33. ^ "Älteste Gießenerin feierte 106. Geburtstag". 28 December 2011. 
  34. ^ "Vermutlich älteste Saarländerin feiert heute ihren 107. Geburtstag". 23 September 2013. 
  35. ^ "Gratulation zum 108.!". 17 October 2013. 
  36. ^ "Das Kölner Labor des ewigen Lebens". 18 October 2013. 
  37. ^ "Älteste Flenburgerin wird 107-Anhalts älteste Einwohnerin wird 109". 17 September 2013. 
  38. ^ . 14 April 2014 Älteste Thüringerin feiert in Gotha ihren 108. Geburtstag http://www.otz.de/startseite/detail/-/specific/Aelteste-Thueringerin-feiert-in-Gotha-ihren-108-Geburtstag-1716641224 Älteste Thüringerin feiert in Gotha ihren 108. Geburtstag.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  39. ^ "Ein langes Leben ist zu Ende". 3 February 2014. 
  40. ^ "Else Guddat (109) gestorben". 2 October 2013. 
  41. ^ "Chronicle of Chursdorf mentioning Ottilie Aleith being the oldest person in Thuringia, later also in Germany". 
  42. ^ Einen guten Rotwein bis zum letzten Tag
  43. ^ "World’s Oldest Living Jew Dies at 113". 19 June 2013. 
  44. ^ "Älteste Frau Deutschlands gestorben". 12 February 2002. 
  45. ^ "111 Jahre: Anna Stephan ist die älteste Deutsche". 25 March 2002. 
  46. ^ "Älteste Deutsche stirbt mit 111 Jahren". 4 August 2003. 
  47. ^ . 16 December 2009 (outdated) http://www.maerkischeallgemeine.de/cms/beitrag/11683984/61129/Die-Bergsdorferin-Frieda-Schmidt-laesst-sich-an-ihrem.html (outdated).  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  48. ^ "Ein Jahrhundertleben: Älteste Brandenburgerin wird 110". 15 December 2009. 
  49. ^ "Älteste Brandenburgerin mit 110 Jahren gestorben". 9 November 2010. 
  50. ^ "Die älteste Deutsche ist tot". 25 June 2008. 
  51. ^ "Frieda Borchert feiert ihren 108. Geburtstag: Viertälteste Berlinerin wohnt in Zehlendorf". 5 January 2005. 
  52. ^ "Karolina Gröber wird heute 110 Jahre alt". 26 April 2011. 
  53. ^ "Älteste Augsburgerin gestorben". 23 November 2011. 
  54. ^ "Varelerin hat mit 110 Jahren stets ein Gedicht parat". 19 August 2012. 
  55. ^ "Älteste Einwohnerin mit 111 Jahren gestorben". 11 March 2013. 
  56. ^ "Gerrud Henze feiert 111. Geburtstag". 7 December 2012. 
  57. ^ "Sonntag wird sie 112: Göttingerin Gertrud Henze ist die älteste Deutsche". 7 December 2013. 
  58. ^ "Gertrud Henze war wohl älteste Deutsche". 22 April 2014. 
  59. ^ "Oma Frieda braucht ihren Trubel". 30 March 2011. 
  60. ^ "Sachsens ältester Mensch wird heute 110 Jahre alt". 30 March 2012. 
  61. ^ "Sachsens älteste Bürgerin wird morgen 112 Jahre alt". 29 March 2014. 
  62. ^ "Gartenarbeit hat mich jung gehalten“ Ida Renken feiert 100. Geburtstag – Mutter wurde 110 Jahre alt". 6 February 2013. 
  63. ^ [tt_news=2455 "Älteste Zwillinge der Welt im Februar zusammen 206 Jahre alt!"]. 24 March 2014. 
  64. ^ "Oschatzerin Johanna Klink mit 109 Jahren die zweitälteste Bürgerin in Sachsen". 17 January 2012. 
  65. ^ "Ältestes Ehepaar der Welt". 5 July 2005. 
  66. ^ "Deutschlands ältester Pfarrer Konrad Fuchs wird 109". 15 October 2006.