List of ancient Germanic peoples
This List of Germanic Tribes includes names of populations speaking Germanic languages or otherwise considered Germanic in sources from the late 1st millennium BC to the early 2nd millennium AD. They do not necessarily represent contemporaneous, distinct or Germanic-speaking populations or have common ancestral populations. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes. Some may not have spoken Germanic at all, but were bundled by the sources with the Germanic speakers. Some were undoubtedly of mixed culture. They may have assimilated to Germanic or to other cultures from Germanic.
|Adogit||Jordanes, Getica, III.19-21||Two possibilities:
||Northern Norway, both possibilities:||Two possible modern reflexes:
|Aelvaeones||Ptolemy, Geography, 2.11.9||Helveconae, Helvaeonae, Helvecones, Ailouaiones||Language unknown, possibly Old Prussian, possibly Germanic. Two possible locations:||Possibly Elblag, Poland|
Caeroesi, Calucones, Canninefates, Casuari, Caritni, Chaedini, Chaemae, Chaetuori, Chali, Chamavi, Charudes, Chasuarii, Chattuarii, Chauci, Cherusci, Chatti, Cimbri (possibly Celtic), Cobandi, Condrusi, Corconti, Curiones
Sabalingi, Salii (or Salian Franks), Saxons, Scirii, Segni, Semnoni or Semnones, Sibini, Sidini, Sigulones, Silingi, Sitones, Suarini or Suardones, Suebi or Suevi, Suetidi, Suiones, Sugambri (or Sicambri), Sunici
 Mythical founders
Many of the authors relating ethnic names of Germanic peoples speculated concerning their origin, from the earliest writers to approximately the Renaissance. One cross-cultural approach over this more than a millennium of historical speculation was to assign an eponymous ancestor of the same name as, or reconstructed from, the name of the people. For example, Hellen was the founder of the Hellenes.
Although some Enlightenment historians continued to repeat these ancient stories as though fact, today they are recognized as manifestly mythological. There was, for example, no Franko, or Francio, ancestor of the Franks. The convergence of data from history, linguistics and archaeology have made this conclusion inevitable. A list of the mythical founders of Germanic peoples follows.
- Angul — Angles (the Kings of Mercia, according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, other Anglo-Saxon dynasties are derived from other descendants of Woden)
- Burgundus — Burgundians (Historia Brittonum)
- Dan — Danes (Chronicon Lethrense)
- Francio — Franks (Liber Historiae Francorum)
- Nór — Norwegians (Chronicon Lethrense)
- Gothus — Goths/Geats/Gutes
- Ingve — Ynglings
- Irmin — Irminones
- Mannus — Manni, or "men", a name fragment as in the later Alemanni (Germania)
- Seaxnēat — Saxons
- Aurvandil — Vandals
 See also
- Confederations of Germanic tribes
- Ethnic group
- Germanic peoples
- German clan
- Norse clans
- Nansen, Fridtjof; Chater, Arthur G. (1911). In northern mists; Arctic exploration in early times. New York: Frederick A. Stokes Co. p. 132.
- Tacitus; Anthony Richard Birley (1999). Agricola and Germany. Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford University Press. p. 130.
Some tribal maps of Germania can be found at: