List of Germans

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This is a list of notable Germans or German-speaking or -writing persons. Persons of mixed heritage have their respective ancestries credited.

Artists[edit]

Häusliche Szene by Johann Gottlieb Hantzsch, 1831.

A–M[edit]

N–Z[edit]

Company founders[edit]

A–M[edit]

N–Z[edit]

Fashion models[edit]

Film[edit]

Actresses and male actors[edit]

A–M[edit]

N–Z[edit]

Filmmakers[edit]

Literature[edit]

Classic[edit]

Major[edit]

Contemporary[edit]

Military[edit]

Music[edit]

Composers[edit]

Conductors, instrumentalists and singers[edit]

A–M[edit]

N–Z[edit]

Philosophy[edit]

Classic[edit]

Major[edit]

Contemporary[edit]

Politicians[edit]

Miscellaneous[edit]

Chancellors of Germany 1871–1945[edit]

Chancellors of Germany (after World War II)[edit]

(in chronological order)

Presidents of Germany[edit]

(in chronological order)

  • Friedrich Ebert (1871–1925), first president of the Weimar Republic (SPD) 1919–1925
  • Paul von Hindenburg (1847–1934), field marshal, president 1925–1934
  • Adolf Hitler (1889–1945), combining legally both offices, president and chancellor ("Führer und Reichskanzler") 1934–1945
  • Karl Dönitz (1891–1980), Admiral of the Fleet, after Hitler's death, president for 22 days, 1945

Presidents of the Federal Republic of Germany since 1949:
(in chronological order)

  • Theodor Heuss (1884–1963), Federal President 1949–1959 (Liberal-Democratic Party, FDP)
  • Heinrich Lübke (1894–1972), Federal President 1959–1969 (CDU)
  • Gustav Heinemann (1899–1976), Federal President 1969–1974 (SPD)
  • Walter Scheel (born 1919), Federal President 1974–1979 (FDP)
  • Karl Carstens (1914–1992), Federal President 1979–1984 (CDU)
  • Richard von Weizsäcker (born 1920), Federal President 1984–1994 (CDU)
  • Roman Herzog (born 1934), Federal President 1994–1999 (CDU)
  • Johannes Rau (1931–2006), Federal President 1999–2004 (SPD)
  • Horst Köhler (born 1943), Federal President 2004–2010 (CDU)
  • Jens Böhrnsen (born 1949), acting President since resignation of Köhler in 2010 (SPD)
  • Christian Wulff (born 1959), Federal President 2010–2012 (CDU)
  • Horst Seehofer (born 1949), acting President since resignation of Wulff in 2012 (CDU)
  • Joachim Gauck (born 1940), Federal President since 18 March 2012 (Independent)

Politicians of the East German Communist Party and regime[edit]

Personalities of the Nazi Party and regime[edit]

Royalty[edit]

  • Alix of Hesse and Rhine (1872–1918), German princess by birth before marrying Tsar Nicholas II to become a Russian tsarina.
  • Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1819–1861), Queen Victoria's husband & consort
  • Albert (1828–1902), King of Saxony (1873–1902)
  • Anton (1755–1836), King of Saxony (1827–1836)
  • Carol I of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1839–1914), Prince (1867–1881) and King (1881–1914) of Romania
  • Catherine the Great (1729–1796), Empress of Russia
  • Charles IV (1316–1378), King of Germany 1346, Holy Roman Emperor 1355–1378
  • Charles V (1500–1558), King of Spain 1516, King of Germany 1519, Holy Roman Emperor 1530–1556
  • Charles (1823–1891), King of Württemberg (1823–1891)
  • Claus von Amsberg (1926–2002), diplomat and husband of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands
  • Ferdinand of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1865–1927), King of Romania (1924–1927)
  • Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1861–1948), Prince of Bulgaria (1887–1908), King (or Tsar) of the Bulgarians (1908–1918)
  • Frederick I Barbarossa (1122–1190), King of Germany 1152, Holy Roman Emperor 1155–1190
  • Frederick I of Prussia (1657–1713), Elector of Brandenburg (1688–1713), King in Prussia (1701–1713)
  • Frederick I of Württemberg (1754–1816), Duke (1797–1803), Elector (1803–1806), and King (1806–1816) of Württemberg
  • Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1194–1250), Holy Roman Emperor and King of Jerusalem
  • Frederick II of Prussia (1712–1786), King of Prussia (1740–1786)
  • Friedrich III (1831–1888), German Emperor and King of Prussia (1888)
  • Frederick Augustus I (1750–1827), Elector (1763–1806) and King (1806–1827) of Saxony
  • Frederick Augustus II (1797–1854), King of Saxony (1836–1854)
  • Frederick Augustus III (1865–1932), King of Saxony (1904–1918)
  • Frederick William I (1688–1740), King of Prussia (1713–1740)
  • Frederick William II (1744–1797), King of Prussia (1786–1797)
  • Frederick William III (1770–1840), King of Prussia (1797–1840)
  • Frederick William IV (1795–1861), King of Prussia (1840–1861)
  • George (1832–1904), King of Saxony (1902–1904)
  • George V (1819–1878), King of Hanover (1851–1866)
  • Henry I the Fowler (876–936), King of Germany 919
  • Henry II (972–1024), King of Germany 1002, Holy Roman Emperor 1014–1024
  • Henry III (1017–1056), King of Germany 1039, Holy Roman Emperor 1046–1056
  • Henry IV (1050–1106), King of Germany 1056, Holy Roman Emperor 1084–1106
  • Henry V (1081–1125), King of Germany 1106, Holy Roman Emperor 1111–1125
  • Henry VI (1165–1197), King of Germany 1190, Holy Roman Emperor 1191–1197
  • John (1801–1873), King of Saxony (1854–1873)
  • Louis IV (1281–1347), King of Germany 1314, Holy Roman Emperor 1328–1347
  • Ludwig I (1786–1868), King of Bavaria (1825–1848)
  • Ludwig II (1845–1886), King of Bavaria (1864–1886)
  • Ludwig III (1845–1921), King of Bavaria (1913–1918)
  • Maximilian I (1459–1519), King of Germany 1486, Holy Roman Emperor 1508–1519
  • Maximilian I (1756–1825), Elector (1799–1805) and King (1805–1825) of Bavaria
  • Maximilian II (1811–1864), King of Bavaria (1848–1864)
  • Otto I the Great (912–973), King of Germany 936, Holy Roman Emperor 962–973
  • Otto II (955–983), Holy Roman Emperor 973–983
  • Otto III (980–1002), King of Germany 983, Holy Roman Emperor 996–1002
  • Otto of Greece King of Bavaria (1815–1867), King of the Hellenes (1833–1862)
  • Otto of Bavaria (1848–1916), King of Bavaria (1886–1913)
  • Wilhelm I (1797–1888), German Emperor (1871–1888) and King of Prussia (1861–1888)
  • Wilhelm II (1859–1941), German Emperor and King of Prussia (1888–1918)
  • William I (1781–1864), King of Württemberg (1816–1864)
  • William II (1848–1921), King of Württemberg (1891–1918)

Scientists and engineers[edit]

A–G[edit]

Nicolaus Copernicus, Tornaeus Borussus Mathematicus (N.C.,Prussian mathematician from Thorn/Torun). Copper engraving from 1597

H–J[edit]

K–L[edit]

M–R[edit]

S–V[edit]

W–Z[edit]

Sportspeople[edit]

A–G[edit]

H–M[edit]

N–R[edit]

S–Z[edit]

Theologians, saints and beatified persons[edit]

Others[edit]

More lists of Germans[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Birger Nordmark and Patrick Houda. "Rudi Ball". Sihss.se. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  2. ^ "Historical View". Jewishsports.net. Retrieved 12 May 2010.