List of governors-general of India

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The office was created in 1774, with the title of Governor-General of the Presidency of Fort William, or Governor-General of Bengal. In 1833, by the Government of India Act of that year, the Governors-General of Bengal were redesignated as Governors-General of India.

In 1858 the term Viceroy of India was added to the office, but this title was abandoned in 1947 when India and Pakistan gained their independence. The office of Governor-General continued to exist in each of the new dominions until they adopted republican constitutions in 1950 and 1956 respectively.

List of Governors-General[edit]

# Name
(birth–death)
Picture Took office Left office Appointer
Governors of the Presidency of Fort William (Bengal), 1774–1833
1 Warren Hastings
(1732–1818)
Warren Hastings greyscale.jpg 20 October 1773 1 February 1785 East India
Company
2 Sir John Macpherson
(acting)
(1745–1821)
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg 1 February 1785 12 September 1786
3 The Earl Cornwallis[1]
(1738–1805)
Lord Cornwallis.jpg 12 September 1786 28 October 1793
4 Sir John Shore
(1751–1834)
JohnShore.jpg 28 October 1793 18 March 1798
5 Sir Alured Clarke
(acting)
(1744–1832)
Alured Clarke.jpg 18 March 1798 18 May 1798
6 The Marquess Wellesley [2]
(1760–1842)
Richard Wellesley 2.JPG 18 May 1798 30 July 1805
7 The Marquess Cornwallis
(1738–1805)
Lord Cornwallis.jpg 30 July 1805 5 October 1805
8 Sir George Barlow, Bt
(acting)
(1762–1847)
Sir George Barlow, 1st Bt from NPG crop.jpg 10 October 1805 31 July 1807
9 The Lord Minto
(1751–1814)
Gilbert Eliot, 1st Earl of Minto by James Atkinson.jpg 31 July 1807 4 October 1813
10 The Marquess of Hastings
(1754–1826)

[3]

Francis, 1st Marquess of Hastings (Earl of Moira).jpg 4 October 1813 9 January 1823
11 John Adam
(acting)
(1779–1825)
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg 9 January 1823 1 August 1823
12 The Lord Amherst[4]
(1773–1857)
Lordamherst 1820.jpg 1 August 1823 13 March 1828
13 William Butterworth Bayley
(acting)
(1782–1860)
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg 13 March 1828 4 July 1828
14 Lord William Bentinck
(1774–1839)
Bentinck william.png 4 July 1828 1833
Governors-General of India, 1833–1858
14 Lord William Bentinck
(1774–1839)
Bentinck william.png 1833 20 March 1835 East India
Company
15 Sir Charles Metcalfe, Bt
(acting)
(1785–1846)
Charles Theophilus Metcalfe, 1st Baron Metcalfe by George Chinnery.jpg 20 March 1835 4 March 1836
16 The Lord Auckland[5]
(1784–1849)
George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland.png 4 March 1836 28 February 1842
17 The Lord Ellenborough
(1790–1871)
1stEarlOfEllenborough.jpg 28 February 1842 June 1844
18 William Wilberforce Bird
(acting)
(1784–1857)
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg June 1844 23 July 1844
19 Sir Henry Hardinge[6]
(1785–1856)
Henryhardinge.jpg 23 July 1844 12 January 1848
20 The Marquess of Dalhousie[7]
(1812–1860)
Dalhousie.jpg 12 January 1848 28 February 1856
21 The Viscount Canning
(1812–1862)
Charles Canning, 1st Earl Canning - Project Gutenberg eText 16528.jpg 28 February 1856 1 November 1858
Governors-General and Viceroys of India, 1858–1947
21 The Earl Canning[8]
(1812–1862)
Charles Canning, 1st Earl Canning - Project Gutenberg eText 16528.jpg 1 November 1858 21 March 1862 Victoria
22 The Earl of Elgin
(1811–1863)
LordJamesBruceElgin.jpg 21 March 1862 20 November 1863
23 Sir Robert Napier
(acting)
(1810–1890)
Robert Napier, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala - Project Gutenberg eText 16528.jpg 21 November 1863 2 December 1863
24 Sir William Denison
(acting)
(1804–1871)
William Denison.jpg 2 December 1863 12 January 1864
25 Sir John Lawrence, Bt
(1811–1879)
John Lawrence by Maull and Polybank.jpg 12 January 1864 12 January 1869
26 The Earl of Mayo
(1822–1872)
6th Earl of Mayo.jpg 12 January 1869 8 February 1872
27 Sir John Strachey
(acting)
(1823–1907)
John and Richard Strachey.jpg 9 February 1872 23 February 1872
28 The Lord Napier
(acting)
(1819–1898)
FrancisNapier10thLordNapier.jpg 24 February 1872 3 May 1872
29 The Lord Northbrook
(1826–1904)
1stEarlOfNorthbrooke.jpg 3 May 1872 12 April 1876
30 The Lord Lytton
(1831–1891)
University of Glasgow - Old and New, Robert Bulwer Lytton.png 12 April 1876 8 June 1880
31 The Marquess of Ripon
(1827–1909)
George Robinson 1st Marquess of Ripon.jpg 8 June 1880 13 December 1884
32 The Earl of Dufferin
(1826–1902)
Young Lord Dufferin.jpg 13 December 1884 10 December 1888
33 The Marquess of Lansdowne
(1845–1927)
Henry Petty-FitzMaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne - Project Gutenberg eText 16528.jpg 10 December 1888 11 October 1894
34 The Earl of Elgin
(1849–1917)
9thEarlOfElgin.jpg 11 October 1894 6 January 1899
35 The Lord Curzon of Kedleston[9]
(1859–1925)
George Curzon2.jpg 6 January 1899 18 November 1905
36 The Earl of Minto
(1845–1914)
Fourth Earl of Minto.jpg 18 November 1905 23 November 1910 Edward VII
37 The Lord Hardinge of Penshurst
(1858–1944)
Charles Hardinge.jpg 23 November 1910 4 April 1916 George V
38 The Lord Chelmsford
(1868–1933)
1stViscountChelmsford.jpg 4 April 1916 2 April 1921
39 The Earl of Reading
(1860–1935)
Rufus Isaacs.jpg 2 April 1921 3 April 1926
40 The Lord Irwin
(1881–1959)
Lord Halifax 1937.jpg 3 April 1926 18 April 1931
41 The Earl of Willingdon
(1866–1941)
Freeman Freeman-Thomas by Henry Walter Barnett.jpg 18 April 1931 18 April 1936
42 The Marquess of Linlithgow
(1887–1952)
Victor Hope.jpg 18 April 1936 1 October 1943 Edward VIII
43 The Viscount Wavell
(1883–1950)
Archibald Wavell2.jpg 1 October 1943 21 February 1947 George VI
44 The Viscount Mountbatten of Burma
(1900–1979)
Mountbatten.jpg 21 February 1947 15 August 1947
Governors-General of the Union of India, 1947–1950
44 The Viscount Mountbatten of Burma
(1900–1979)
Mountbatten.jpg 15 August 1947 21 June 1948 George VI
45 C. Rajagopalachari
(1878–1972)
C. Rajagopalachari 1948.jpg 21 June 1948 26 January 1950

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Created Marquess Cornwallis in 1792.
  2. ^ Created Marquess Wellesley in 1799.
  3. ^ Created Marquess of Hastings in 1816
  4. ^ Created Earl Amherst in 1826.
  5. ^ Created Earl of Auckland in 1839.
  6. ^ Created Viscount Hardinge in 1846.
  7. ^ Created Marquess of Dalhousie in 1849.
  8. ^ Created Earl Canning in 1859.
  9. ^ The Lord Ampthill was acting Governor-General in 1904