Governors of Maui
The Governor of Maui (Hawaiian: Kiaʻaina o Maui) was the royal governor or viceroy of the Island of Maui in the Kingdom of Hawaii. The Governor of Maui resided at Lahaina and was usually a Hawaiian chief or prince and could even be a woman. The Governor had authority over four of the eight islands: Maui, Molokaʻi, Lānaʻi, and Kahoʻolawe. It was up to the governor to appoint lieutanant governors to assist them. The governor had replaced the old Moʻi of Maui, but sovereignty remained with the king.
The 1840 Constitution of the Kingdom of Hawaii stated:
There shall be four governors over these Hawaiian Islands - one for Hawaiʻi - one for Maui and the Islands adjacent - one for Oʻahu, and one for Kauaʻi and the adjacent Islands. All the governors, from Hawaiʻi to Kauaʻi shall be subject to the King.
The prerogatives of the governors and their duties, shall be as follows: Each governor shall have the general direction of the several tax gatherers of his island, and shall support them in the execution of all their orders which he considers to have been properly given, but shall pursue a course according to law, and not according to his own private views. He also shall preside over all the judges of his island, and shall see their sentences executed as above. He shall also appoint the judges and give them their certificates of office.
All the governors, from Hawaiʻi to Kauaʻi shall be subject not only to the King, but also to the Premier.
The governor shall be the superior over his particular island or islands. He shall have charge of the munitions of war, under the direction of the King, however, and the Premier. He shall have charge of the forts, the soldiery, the arms and all the implements of war. He shall receive the government dues and shall deliver over the same to the Premier. All important decisions rest with him in times of emergency, unless the King or Premier be present. He shall have charge of all the King's business on the island, the taxation, new improvements to be extended, and plans for the increase of wealth, and all officers shall be subject to him. He shall also have power to decide all questions, and transact all island business which is not by law assigned to others.
When either of the governors shall decease, then all the chiefs shall assemble at such place as the King shall appoint, and shall nominate a successor of the deceased governor, and whosoever they shall nominate and be approved by the King, he shall be the new governor.
List of Governors of Maui
|#||Name||Picture||Birth||Death||Assumed Office||Left Office||Years in office||Notes||Monarch|
|1||Keʻeaumoku Pāpaʻiahiahi||circa 1736||March 21, 1804||circa 1795||March 21, 1804||9||Kamehameha I|
|2||George Cox Kahekili Keʻeaumoku II||circa 1784||March 23, 1824||March 21, 1804||March 23, 1824||20||Kamehameha I|
|3||Kahakuhaʻakoi Wahine Piʻo||circa 1826||circa 1824||circa 1826??||2?||Kamehameha III|
|4||Ulumāheihei Hoapili||circa 1776||January 3, 1840||circa 1826???||January 3, 1840||14?||Kamehameha III|
|5||Hoapiliwahine Kalākua Kaheiheimālie||circa 1778||January 16, 1842||January 3, 1840||January 16, 1842||2||Governor Hoapili's widow||Kamehameha III|
|6||James Young Kānehoa||August 7, 1797||October 1, 1851||circa 1842||October 1, 1851||9||Kamehameha III|
|7||Paul Nahaolelua||circa 1806||September 15, 1875||December 3, 1852||February 3, 1874||22||Governor Kānehoa's Deputy||Kamehameha III|
|8||John Makini Kapena||1843||October 23, 1887||February 23, 1874||December 15, 1876||2||Kalākaua|
|9||William Luther Kealiʻi Moehonua||May 5, 1824||September 8, 1878||December 15, 1876||September 8, 1878||2||Kalākaua|
|10||John Owen Dominis||March 10, 1832||August 27, 1891||September 9, 1878||circa 1886||2||Kalākaua|
|11||Robert Hoapili Baker I||circa 1847/50||April 4, 1913||October 4, 1886||circa 1888||2||Kalākaua|
|12||Thomas Wright Everett||November 4, 1823||September 4, 1895||May 17, 1892||February 28, 1893||1||previously Sheriff of Maui||Liliʻuokalani|
- List of Governors of Hawaii
- Moʻi of Maui
- Mayor of Maui
- "Governor of Maui, Molokai and Lanai". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-11-02.
- Colin Newbury, Linacre College, Oxford University (2001). "Patronage and Bureaucracy in the Hawaiian Kingdom, 1840–1893". Pacific Studies. Brigham Young University Hawaii Campus. pp. 1–38.