List of Governors of South Carolina

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Governor of South Carolina
Seal of South Carolina.svg
NikkiHaley.jpg
Incumbent
Nikki Haley

since 12 January 2011
Style Her Excellency
Term length Four years, renewable once

This is a list of South Carolina Governors. The current governor of South Carolina is Nikki Haley, and has been since 12 January 2011.

Colonial Period (1670–1775)[edit]

Statehood Period (1776 to Present)[edit]

Presidents under the Articles of Confederation[edit]

The General Assembly chose the President for a term of two years.

# Name Took Office Left Office Party Notes
31 John Rutledge March 26, 1776 March 5, 1778 No party 1st time, Resigned
32 Rawlins Lowndes March 6, 1778 January 9, 1779 No party British prisoner
during Revolutionary War

Governors under the Articles of Confederation[edit]

The General Assembly chose the Governor for a term of two years.

# Name Took Office Left Office Party Notes
John Rutledge January 9, 1779 January 31, 1782 No party 2nd time
33 John Mathews January 31, 1782 February 4, 1783 No party
34 Benjamin Guerard February 4, 1783 February 11, 1785 No party
35 William Moultrie February 11, 1785 February 20, 1787 No party 1st time
36 Thomas Pinckney February 20, 1787 January 26, 1789 Federalist
37 Charles Pinckney January 26, 1789 December 5, 1792 Federalist 1st time

Governors under the Constitution of 1790[edit]

The General Assembly chose the Governor for a term of two years.

# Name Took Office Left Office Party Notes
William Moultrie December 5, 1792 December 17, 1794 Federalist 2nd time
38 Arnoldus Vanderhorst December 17, 1794 December 8, 1796 Federalist
Charles Pinckney December 8, 1796 December 18, 1798 Democratic-Republican 2nd time
39 Edward Rutledge December 18, 1798 January 23, 1800 Federalist Died in office
40 John Drayton January 23, 1800 December 8, 1802 Democratic-Republican 1st time
41 James Burchill Richardson December 8, 1802 December 7, 1804 Democratic-Republican
42 Paul Hamilton December 7, 1804 December 9, 1806 Democratic-Republican
Charles Pinckney December 9, 1806 December 10, 1808 Democratic-Republican 3rd time
John Drayton December 10, 1808 December 8, 1810 Democratic-Republican 2nd time
43 Henry Middleton December 8, 1810 December 10, 1812 Democratic-Republican
44 Joseph Alston December 10, 1812 December 10, 1814 Democratic-Republican
45 David Rogerson Williams December 10, 1814 December 5, 1816 Democratic-Republican
46 Andrew Pickens December 5, 1816 December 8, 1818 Democratic-Republican
47 John Geddes December 8, 1818 December 7, 1820 Democratic-Republican
48 Thomas Bennett, Jr. December 7, 1820 December 7, 1822 Democratic-Republican
49 John Lyde Wilson December 7, 1822 December 3, 1824 Democratic-Republican
50 Richard Irvine Manning I December 3, 1824 December 9, 1826 Democratic-Republican
51 John Taylor December 9, 1826 December 10, 1828 Democratic-Republican
52 Stephen Decatur Miller December 10, 1828 December 9, 1830 Democratic (Nullifier)
53 James Hamilton, Jr. December 9, 1830 December 10, 1832 Democratic (Nullifier)
54 Robert Young Hayne December 10, 1832 December 9, 1834 Democratic (Nullifier)
55 George McDuffie December 9, 1834 December 10, 1836 Democratic
56 Pierce Mason Butler December 10, 1836 December 7, 1838 Democratic
57 Patrick Noble December 7, 1838 April 7, 1840 Democratic Died in office
58 Barnabas Kelet Henagan April 7, 1840 December 9, 1840 Democratic Not elected
59 John Peter Richardson II December 9, 1840 December 8, 1842 Democratic
60 James Henry Hammond December 8, 1842 December 7, 1844 Democratic
61 William Aiken, Jr. December 7, 1844 December 8, 1846 Democratic
62 David Johnson December 8, 1846 December 12, 1848 Democratic
63 Whitemarsh B. Seabrook December 12, 1848 December 13, 1850 Democratic
64 John Hugh Means December 13, 1850 December 9, 1852 Democratic
65 John Lawrence Manning December 9, 1852 December 11, 1854 Democratic
66 James Hopkins Adams December 11, 1854 December 9, 1856 Democratic
67 Robert F.W. Allston December 9, 1856 December 10, 1858 Democratic
68 William Henry Gist December 10, 1858 December 14, 1860 Democratic
69 Francis Wilkinson Pickens December 14, 1860 December 17, 1862 Democratic
70 Milledge Luke Bonham December 17, 1862 December 18, 1864 Democratic
71 Andrew Gordon Magrath December 18, 1864 May 25, 1865 Democratic Deposed by the Union Army
72 Benjamin Franklin Perry June 30, 1865 November 29, 1865 Unionist Democrat Appointed by President Andrew Johnson

Governors under the Constitution of 1865[edit]

First Constitution of South Carolina to provide for the direct election of the Governor.

# Name Took Office Left Office Party Notes
73 James Lawrence Orr November 29, 1865 July 6, 1868 No party (Democratic) 1st popularly elected Governor

Governors under the Constitution of 1868[edit]

# Name Took Office Left Office Party Notes
74 Robert Kingston Scott July 6, 1868 December 7, 1872 Republican
75 Franklin I. Moses, Jr. December 7, 1872 December 1, 1874 Republican
76 Daniel Henry Chamberlain December 1, 1874 December 14, 1876 Republican Claimed Governorship
after 1876 election
77 Wade Hampton III December 14, 1876 February 26, 1879 Democratic Resigned
78 William Dunlap Simpson February 26, 1879 September 1, 1880 Democratic Not elected
79 Thomas Bothwell Jeter September 1, 1880 November 30, 1880 Democratic
80 Johnson Hagood November 30, 1880 December 1, 1882 Democratic
81 Hugh Smith Thompson December 1, 1882 July 10, 1886 Democratic Resigned
82 John Calhoun Sheppard July 10, 1886 November 30, 1886 Democratic Not elected
83 John Peter Richardson III November 30, 1886 December 4, 1890 Democratic
84 Benjamin Ryan Tillman December 4, 1890 December 4, 1894 Democratic
85 John Gary Evans December 4, 1894 January 18, 1897 Democratic

Governors under the Constitution of 1895[edit]

# Name Took Office Left Office Party Notes
86 William Haselden Ellerbe January 18, 1897 June 2, 1899 Democratic Died in office
87 Miles Benjamin McSweeney June 2, 1899 January 20, 1903 Democratic
88 Duncan Clinch Heyward January 20, 1903 January 15, 1907 Democratic
89 Martin Frederick Ansel January 15, 1907 January 17, 1911 Democratic
90 Coleman Livingston Blease January 17, 1911 January 14, 1915 Democratic Resigned
91 Charles Aurelius Smith January 14, 1915 January 19, 1915 Democratic Not elected
92 Richard Irvine Manning III January 19, 1915 January 21, 1919 Democratic
93 Robert Archer Cooper January 21, 1919 May 20, 1922 Democratic Resigned
94 Wilson Godfrey Harvey May 20, 1922 January 16, 1923 Democratic Not elected
95 Thomas Gordon McLeod January 16, 1923 January 18, 1927 Democratic
96 John Gardiner Richards, Jr. January 18, 1927 January 20, 1931 Democratic 1st to be elected to a four-year term
97 Ibra Charles Blackwood January 20, 1931 January 15, 1935 Democratic
98 Olin D. Johnston January 15, 1935 January 17, 1939 Democratic 1st time
99 Burnet R. Maybank January 17, 1939 November 4, 1941 Democratic Resigned
100 Joseph Emile Harley November 4, 1941 February 27, 1942 Democratic Not elected, Died in office
101 Richard Manning Jefferies February 27, 1942 January 19, 1943 Democratic Not elected
Olin D. Johnston January 19, 1943 January 2, 1945 Democratic 2nd time, Resigned
102 Ransome Judson Williams January 2, 1945 January 21, 1947 Democratic Not elected
103 Strom Thurmond January 21, 1947 January 16, 1951 Democratic
104 James Francis Byrnes January 16, 1951 January 18, 1955 Democratic
105 George Bell Timmerman, Jr. January 18, 1955 January 20, 1959 Democratic
106 Ernest "Fritz" Hollings January 20, 1959 January 15, 1963 Democratic
107 Donald Stuart Russell January 15, 1963 April 22, 1965 Democratic Resigned
108 Robert Evander McNair April 22, 1965 January 19, 1971 Democratic
109 John C. West January 19, 1971 January 21, 1975 Democratic
110 James Burrows Edwards January 21, 1975 January 10, 1979 Republican
111 Richard Wilson Riley January 10, 1979 January 14, 1987 Democratic
112 Carroll A. Campbell, Jr. January 14, 1987 January 11, 1995 Republican
113 David Muldrow Beasley January 11, 1995 January 13, 1999 Republican
114 James Hovis Hodges January 13, 1999 January 15, 2003 Democratic
115 Mark Sanford January 15, 2003 January 12, 2011 Republican
116 Nikki Haley January 12, 2011 Present Republican 1st female and non-caucasian Governor

Other high offices held[edit]

This is a table of congressional seats, other federal offices, and other governorships held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented South Carolina except where noted. * denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.

Name Gubernatorial term U.S. Congress Other offices held
House Senate
John Rutledge 1776-1778, 1779-1782 Delegate to Philadelphia Convention and signer of the United States Constitution; Associate and Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court
Thomas Pinckney 1787–1789 H United States Minister to Great Britain
Charles Pinckney 1789–1792; 1796–1798; 1806–1808 H S Delegate to Philadelphia Convention and signer of the United States Constitution; United States Minister to Spain
Paul Hamilton 1804–1806 United States Secretary of the Navy
Henry Middleton 1810–1812 H United States Minister to Russia
David Rogerson Williams 1814–1816 H
Richard Irvine Manning I 1824–1826 H
John Taylor 1826–1828 H S
Stephen Decatur Miller 1828–1830 H S
James Hamilton, Jr. 1830–1832 H
Robert Y. Hayne 1832–1834 S
George McDuffie 1834–1836 H S
John Peter Richardson II 1840–1842 H
James Henry Hammond 1842–1844 H S
William Aiken, Jr. 1844–1846 H
Francis Wilkinson Pickens 1860–1862 H United States Minister to Russia
Milledge Luke Bonham 1862–1864 H Confederate Representative
James Lawrence Orr 1865–1868 H Confederate Senator; United States Minister to Russia
Wade Hampton III 1877-79 S* United States Railroad Commissioner
Hugh Smith Thompson 1882–1886 United States Assistant Secretary of the Treasury*; United States Civil Service Commissioner
Benjamin Tillman 1890–1894 S
Coleman Livingston Blease 1911–1915 S
Olin D. Johnston 1935-1939, 1943-1945 S*
Burnet R. Maybank 1939–1941 S*
Strom Thurmond 1947–1951 S
James F. Byrnes 1951–1955 H S Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court; United States Secretary of State
Ernest "Fritz" Hollings 1959–1963 S
Donald S. Russell 1963–1965 S*
John C. West 1971–1975 United States Ambassador to Saudi Arabia
James B. Edwards 1975–1979 United States Secretary of Energy
Richard Riley 1979–1987 United States Secretary of Education
Carroll A. Campbell, Jr. 1987–1995 H
Mark Sanford 2003–2011 H

Living former governors[edit]

As of August 2014, six former governors were alive, the oldest being Ernest "Fritz" Hollings (1959–1963). The most recent governor to die was Robert Evander McNair (1965–1971), on November 17, 2007. The most recently serving governor to die was Carroll A. Campbell, Jr. (1987–1995), on December 7, 2005.

Governor Gubernatorial term Date of birth
Ernest "Fritz" Hollings 1959–1963 (1922-01-01) January 1, 1922 (age 92)
James Burrows Edwards 1975–1979 (1927-06-24) June 24, 1927 (age 87)
Richard Wilson Riley 1979–1987 (1933-01-02) January 2, 1933 (age 81)
David Muldrow Beasley 1995–1999 (1957-02-26) February 26, 1957 (age 57)
James Hovis Hodges 1999–2003 (1956-11-19) November 19, 1956 (age 57)
Mark Sanford 2003–2011 (1960-05-28) May 28, 1960 (age 54)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]