Grade I listed non-ecclesiastical buildings in Cheshire

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This list does not contain the Grade I listed churches, or the Grade I listed buildings in the city of Chester. For these see Grade I listed churches in Cheshire and Grade I listed buildings in Chester.

The Grade I listed buildings in Cheshire, excluding those in the city of Chester, total around 80. Almost half of these are churches that are contained in a separate list.

Most Cheshire buildings are in sandstone, brick or are timber framed. Limestone is used for some buildings in the east of the county. Compared with other counties, timber framing is important. Cheshire has a higher proportion of timber framed houses than most other English counties.[1][2]

Buildings[edit]

Name Place Map ref Date Notes Image
Dorfold Hall Acton 53°04′07″N 2°32′42″W / 53.0685°N 2.5451°W / 53.0685; -2.5451 1616–21 Built for Ralph Wilbraham.[3] Considered to be one of the two finest Jacobean houses in Cheshire.[4][5] Dorfold Hall
Adlington Hall Adlington 53°19′15″N 2°08′41″W / 53.3209°N 2.1446°W / 53.3209; -2.1446 15–16th century; mid-18th century Manor house partly timber framed, partly brick.[6][7] Adlington Hall.jpg
Chorley Old Hall Alderley Edge 53°18′00″N 2°14′43″W / 53.2999°N 2.2452°W / 53.2999; -2.2452 c. 1330, mid-16th century Manor house with one range built in brick and the other timber framed.[8] Chorley Old Hall.jpg
Iron Bridge Aldford 53°08′05″N 2°52′15″W / 53.1347°N 2.870822°W / 53.1347; -2.870822 1824 Bridge over the River Dee on the Buerton Approach to Eaton Hall.[9] Built for the 1st Marquis of Westminster.[10] Aldford Iron Bridge.jpg
Cruck barn Arley Hall 53°19′27″N 2°29′24″W / 53.3242°N 2.4901°W / 53.3242; -2.4901 Early 16th century Former barn converted into an indoor riding school.[11][12] Arley Hall Clock Tower.jpg
Moss Hall Audlem 52°59′35″N 2°30′55″W / 52.9930°N 2.5152°W / 52.9930; -2.5152 1616 Timber framed manor house, extensively renovated in 1902.[13][13][14] Moss Hall, Audlem.jpg
Beeston Castle Beeston 53°07′44″N 2°41′29″W / 53.129012°N 2.691297°W / 53.129012; -2.691297 1220s Built by Ranulph de Blondeville, 4th Earl of Chester. Both the walls of the outer bailey, and the walls, towers and gatehouse of the inner baileys are listed at Grade I.[15] Partly demolished after the Civil War.[16][17][18] Beeston Castle Gate.jpg
Brereton Hall Brereton 53°10′44″N 2°19′57″W / 53.1789°N 2.3324°W / 53.1789; -2.3324 1586 Built for Sir William Brereton.[19] Alterations made in the 19th century,[20] including removal of the cupolas.[21] Brereton Hall.jpg
Highfields Buerton 52°57′55″N 2°29′08″W / 52.9654°N 2.4855°W / 52.9654; -2.4855 1615 Built for the Dodds family. Additions made in 1750 and 1897.[22] Highfields, Buerton.jpg
Sankey Viaduct Burtonwood 53°26′51″N 2°39′03″W / 53.44745°N 2.65076°W / 53.44745; -2.65076 1830 By George Stephenson for the Liverpool and Manchester Railway. Earliest major railway viaduct in the world.[23] 2004-10-09 Sankey Brook.jpg
Lower Carden Hall Carden 53°03′49″N 2°48′11″W / 53.0637°N 2.8030°W / 53.0637; -2.8030 15th century and later Country house most of which is timber framed.[24]
Combermere Abbey Combermere Park 52°59′37″N 2°36′50″W / 52.993611°N 2.613889°W / 52.993611; -2.613889 1563 Country house, formerly abbot's house. Extended 1814–20.[25][26] Combermere Abbey.jpg
Little Moreton Hall Southwest of Congleton 53°07′38″N 2°15′06″W / 53.1272°N 2.2518°W / 53.1272; -2.2518 15th century One of Britain's finest timber-framed moated manor houses.[27][28] LittleMoretonHall.jpg
Crewe Hall Crewe Green 53°04′58″N 2°24′00″W / 53.0827°N 2.3999°W / 53.0827; -2.3999 1615–36 Built for Sir Randolph Crewe, extended in the late 18th century and extensively restored after a fire in 1866.[29] Considered to be one of the two finest Jacobean houses in Cheshire.[4][30] Crewe Hall (front+gate).jpg
Lyme Hall Disley 53°20′17″N 2°03′17″W / 53.3381°N 2.0547°W / 53.3381; -2.0547 c. 1570 with later additions The largest house in Cheshire, built for the Legh family.[31][32] Lymehall07.JPG
Delves Hall Doddington 53°01′11″N 2°26′08″W / 53.0197°N 2.4356°W / 53.0197; -2.4356 1364 Fortified tower built by Sir John Delves.[33][34] Delves Hall, Doddington
Doddington Hall Doddington 53°00′53″N 2°26′03″W / 53.0148°N 2.4342°W / 53.0148; -2.4342 1777–98 Built for Revd Sir Thomas Broughton in neoclassical style.[35][36] Doddington31.jpg
Golden Gates, Eaton Hall Eaton Park 53°08′25″N 2°52′45″W / 53.1404°N 2.8791°W / 53.1404; -2.8791 18th century,
c. 1880
The central pair of gates (Golden Gates) and the adjacent screen railings are by Robert and John Davies, 18th century.
Side gates, screens and lodges by Alfred Waterhouse, c. 1880.[37]
Golden Gates at Eaton Hall Cheshire.JPG
Farndon Bridge Farndon 53°05′00″N 2°52′47″W / 53.083373°N 2.879820°W / 53.083373; -2.879820 1339 Crosses the River Dee and the England-Wales border between the villages of Farndon and Holt.[9][38] Farndon Bridge.jpg
Gawsworth Old Hall Gawsworth 53°13′26″N 2°09′50″W / 53.2238°N 2.1638°W / 53.2238; -2.1638 1480,
remodelled 1701
Partly timber framed, partly in brick, for the Fitton family.[39][40] Gawsworth Old Hall.jpg
Old Rectory Gawsworth 53°13′26″N 2°10′00″W / 53.2240°N 2.1667°W / 53.2240; -2.1667 15th–16th century Timber framed with the hall open to the roof. North wing added 1872.[41]
Originally a rectory, now a private house.[42][43]
Gawsworth Old Rectory
Belmont Hall Great Budworth 53°18′04″N 2°31′11″W / 53.3011°N 2.5198°W / 53.3011; -2.5198 1755 Country house by James Gibbs; now a school.[44][45]
Halton Castle Halton 53°19′59″N 2°41′45″W / 53.3331°N 2.6957°W / 53.3331; -2.6957 c. 1070 Castle on a sandstone outcrop. Now a ruin.[46] Halton Castle.jpg
Haslington Hall Haslington 53°06′02″N 2°22′39″W / 53.1006°N 2.3776°W / 53.1006; -2.3776 1545 with later alterations Timber framed house built by Admiral Sir Francis Vernon.[47][48] Haslington Hall.jpg
Ince Manor Ince 53°16′59″N 2°49′37″W / 53.2831°N 2.8270°W / 53.2831; -2.8270 Late 13th century and later Former monastic grange. The hall and the monastery cottages remain.[49][50] Ince Manor 4a.jpg
Lovell Telescope Jodrell Bank Observatory,
near Goostrey
53°14′13″N 2°18′26″W / 53.237°N 2.30715°W / 53.237; -2.30715 1952–57 When built, it was the largest steerable dish radio telescope in the world.[51] Lovell Telescope 5.jpg
Lymm Cross Lymm 53°22′52″N 2°28′39″W / 53.3811°N 2.4776°W / 53.3811; -2.4776 17th century Restored 1897.[52] Lymm Cross.jpg
Crown Hotel Nantwich 53°04′02″N 2°31′21″W / 53.0673°N 2.5226°W / 53.0673; -2.5226 1580s Timber framed inn built after the fire of 1583. Now a public house and hotel.[53][54] Crown Hotel Nantwich.jpg
Churche's Mansion Nantwich 53°03′56″N 2°30′52″W / 53.0655°N 2.5144°W / 53.0655; -2.5144 1577 Timber framed mansion house. Pevsner describes it as "an outstanding piece of decorated half-timber architecture".[55][56] Churches Mansion left.jpg
Peckforton Castle Peckforton 53°07′03″N 2°41′56″W / 53.1175°N 2.6990°W / 53.1175; -2.6990 1844–50 Country house built in the style of a medieval castle by Anthony Salvin for John Tollemache, 1st Baron Tollemache.[57] Now a hotel.[58][59] Peckforton Castle 1.jpg
Stable Block Peover Hall 53°15′26″N 2°20′30″W / 53.2573°N 2.3418°W / 53.2573; -2.3418 1654 A gift from Mrs Ellen Mainwaring to her son Thomas. Elaborate screens to stalls.[60]
Norton Priory Near Runcorn 53°20′32″N 2°40′48″W / 53.3423°N 2.6799°W / 53.3423; -2.6799 13th century and later A priory, then an abbey and later a country house. Now a ruin and a museum.[61] Norton Priory.jpg
Gatehouse Saighton 53°09′01″N 2°50′03″W / 53.1503°N 2.8342°W / 53.1503; -2.8342 c. 1489 Monastic grange for St Werburgh's Abbey, Chester. Only the gatehouse remains and this is now part of a school.[62][63][64] Saighton Grange.jpg
Crosses Sandbach 53°08′38″N 2°21′44″W / 53.14402°N 2.36209°W / 53.14402; -2.36209 9th century Pair of carved Anglo-Saxon crosses.[65]
Sandbach crosses.jpg
Old Hall Hotel Sandbach 53°08′38″N 2°21′47″W / 53.144°N 2.363°W / 53.144; -2.363 1656 Large timber framed building, now a hotel.[66] Old Hall Hotel, Sandbach.jpg
Sutton Hall Sutton Weaver 53°18′24″N 2°41′04″W / 53.3067°N 2.6844°W / 53.3067; -2.6844 Late 15th or early 16th century, later extended Internally are two superimposed great halls.[67]
Tabley House Knutsford 53°17′35″N 2°25′21″W / 53.2931°N 2.4225°W / 53.2931; -2.4225 1767 Palladian mansion by John Carr. Now owned by the University of Manchester.[68][69] Tabley Hall 4.jpg
Tatton Hall Knutsford 53°19′49″N 2°23′01″W / 53.3304°N 2.3835°W / 53.3304; -2.3835 1791; completed 19th century Neoclassical country house.[70] Tatton house.jpg
Utkinton Hall Utkinton 53°10′37″N 2°40′14″W / 53.1769°N 2.6705°W / 53.1769; -2.6705 Medieval core but most of it dates from the early 17th century Large manor house for the Done family.[71]
Town Hall Warrington 53°23′23″N 2°35′59″W / 53.3897°N 2.5997°W / 53.3897; -2.5997 1750 House for Thomas Patten by James Gibbs. Pevsner describes it as "the finest house of its date in south Lancashire".[72]
The detached service wings are also listed at Grade I.[73][74][75]
Warrington Town Hall.jpg
Winnington Hall Winnington 53°16′07″N 2°32′01″W / 53.2686°N 2.5336°W / 53.2686; -2.5336 c.1600; 1775 Older wing timber framed; newer wing in stone by Samuel Wyatt.[76]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ Bilsborough 1983, p. 151.
  2. ^ Clifton-Taylor, Alec, Building Materials, in Pevsner & Hubbard 2003, pp. 45–48.
  3. ^ Pevsner and Hubbard 2003, p. 201.
  4. ^ a b Pevsner & Hubbard 2003, p. 22.
  5. ^ English Heritage, "Dorfold Hall (1312869)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  6. ^ Pevsner & Hubbard 2003, p. 54.
  7. ^ English Heritage, "Adlington Hall (1234130)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  8. ^ English Heritage, "Chorley Old Hall (1234539)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  9. ^ a b Crewe & Nantwich: Explorer 257 map, Ordnance Survey.
  10. ^ English Heritage, "Iron Bridge over the River Dee, Aldford (1129943)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  11. ^ Arley Hall and Gardens (guidebook), Jarrold Publishing, 1999.
  12. ^ English Heritage, "Cruck Barn approximately 100 yards to west of Arley Hall (1329696)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  13. ^ a b Village history, Audlem Online, retrieved 2008-04-22 
  14. ^ English Heritage, "Moss Hall, Audlem (1138519)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  15. ^ Fry, Plantagenet Somerset (1980), The David & Charles Book of Castles, David & Charles, p. 191, ISBN 0-7153-7976-3 
  16. ^ Hickey, Julia (2005), Beeston: Castle of the Rock, TimeTravel-Britain.com, retrieved 2008-04-22 
  17. ^ English Heritage, "Walls of the Outer Bailey at Beeston Castle (1130513)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  18. ^ English Heritage, "Walls, towers and gatehouse of the Inner Bailey at Beeston Castle (1330329)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  19. ^ Bernard Burke, A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Titles ..., s.v. "Brereton - Baron Brereton".
  20. ^ Binney, Marcus (2005-08-12), "The Tudor show home", TimesOnline (London: Times Newspapers), retrieved 2008-04-22 
  21. ^ English Heritage, "Brereton Hall (1229329)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  22. ^ English Heritage, "Highfields, Buerton (1330162)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  23. ^ English Heritage, "Sankey Viaduct (1075927)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  24. ^ English Heritage, "Lower Carden Hall (1229918)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  25. ^ Callander Beckett S. (2004) 'Combermere Abbey: A Brief History' (leaflet)
  26. ^ English Heritage, "Combermere Abbey (1136900)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  27. ^ Little Moreton Hall, National Trust, retrieved 2008-04-22 
  28. ^ English Heritage, "Little Moreton Hall (1161988)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  29. ^ de Figueiredo, P.; Treuherz J. (1988), Cheshire Country Houses, Phillimore, pp. 66–67, ISBN 0-85033-655-4 
  30. ^ English Heritage, "Crewe Hall (1138666)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  31. ^ Pevsner & Hubbard 2003, pp. 259–260.
  32. ^ English Heritage, "Lyme Park (1231685)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  33. ^ Lewis, Samuel (ed.) (1848), "Doddington", A Topographical Dictionary of England (British History Online): 63–69, retrieved 2008-04-22 
  34. ^ English Heritage, "Delves Hall (1330165)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  35. ^ Pevsner & Hubbard 2003, pp. 198–199.
  36. ^ English Heritage, "Doddington Hall (1136840)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  37. ^ English Heritage, "Golden Gates and Overthrow, screens, and pair of wing lodges, Eaton Hall (1136138)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  38. ^ English Heritage, "Farndon Bridge (1279428)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  39. ^ A Brief History of Gawsworth Hall, Gawsworth Hall, retrieved 2008-04-22 
  40. ^ English Heritage, "Gawsworth Old Hall (1139500)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  41. ^ Pevsner and Hubbard 2003, p. 223.
  42. ^ Pastscape: The Old Rectory, Gawsworth, English Heritage, retrieved 2008-04-22 
  43. ^ English Heritage, "The Old Rectory, Gawsworth (1139496)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  44. ^ Cransley School, Cransley School, retrieved 2008-04-22 
  45. ^ English Heritage, "Belmont Hall, Great Budworth (1139129)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  46. ^ English Heritage, "Halton Castle (1130460)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  47. ^ Haslington, Cheshire County Council, retrieved 2008-04-22 
  48. ^ English Heritage, "Haslington Hall (1136283)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  49. ^ To the Manor Reborn, Institute of Historic Building Conservation, retrieved 2008-04-22 
  50. ^ English Heritage, "Manor House of Abbey of St Werburgh Chester, (including Old Hall and Monastery Cottages), Ince (1138810)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  51. ^ English Heritage, "Sir Bernard Lovell Telescope, Jodrell Bank Laboratory (1221685)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  52. ^ English Heritage, "Lymm Cross (1227014)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  53. ^ The Crown Hotel and Restaurant, Best Western, retrieved 2008-04-22 
  54. ^ English Heritage, "Coffee House Cafe, Crown Inn, Nantwich (1330054)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  55. ^ Pevsner & Hubbard 2003, p. 288.
  56. ^ English Heritage, "Churche's Mansion, Nantwich (1039605)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  57. ^ Durdey, Ronald (2007–2008), "John Tollemache and his Castle", Cheshire History 47: 75–87, ISSN 0141-8696 
  58. ^ Accommodation, Peckforton Castle, retrieved 2008-04-22 
  59. ^ English Heritage, "Peckforton Castle (1135729)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  60. ^ English Heritage, "Old Stable Block, Peover Hall (1335855)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  61. ^ English Heritage, "Remains of Norton Priory (1130433)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  62. ^ Ormerod, George; Thomas Helsby (Ed.) (1882), The History of the County Palatine and City of Chester (2nd ed.), London: George Routledge and Sons, pp. ii: 769–770 
  63. ^ Abbey Gate College, Abbey Gate College, retrieved 20 April 2009 
  64. ^ English Heritage, "Abbey Gate College Gatehouse (1138394)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  65. ^ English Heritage, "Sandbach Crosses (1159937)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  66. ^ English Heritage, "Old Hall Hotel, Sandbach (1310849)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  67. ^ English Heritage, "Sutton Hall (1253572)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  68. ^ University attractions, University of Manchester, retrieved 2008-04-22 
  69. ^ English Heritage, "Tabley House (1115424)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  70. ^ English Heritage, "Tatton Hall (1329670)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  71. ^ English Heritage, "Utkinton Hall (1329835)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  72. ^ Pollard, Richard; Nikolaus Pevsner (2006), The Buildings of England: Lancashire: Liverpool and the South-West, New Haven & London: Yale University Press, p. 611, ISBN 0-300-10910-5 
  73. ^ English Heritage, "Town Hall, Warrington (1329725)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  74. ^ English Heritage, "Eastern Outbuilding to Warrington Town Hall (1329748)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  75. ^ English Heritage, "Western Outbuilding to Warrington Town Hall (1261276)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 
  76. ^ English Heritage, "Winnington Hall (1310245)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 October 2012 

Sources