List of Greater London boundary changes

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There have been a considerable number of small changes to the Greater London boundary since its creation in 1965.

Adjustments permitted by the London Government Act 1963[edit]

Greater London was created by combining whole existing units of local government and it was anticipated that this might provide an arbitrary boundary in some places.[1] The London Government Act 1963 Section 6 (4) provided a mechanism for communities on the edge of Greater London to petition for transfer to a neighbouring county. The legislation required the petition to be submitted between 1965 and 1970, to be signed by more than 300 local electors and for the area to be transferred to have no more than 10% of the borough's local electors.[2] These were completed in 1969 as the transfers of Knockholt to Kent, and of Farleigh and Hooley to Surrey. Section 6 (3) of the act allowed for transfers between Greater London and neighbouring counties where there was consensus for the change between all the relevant local authorities. This power was used to exchange two islands on the River Thames that were connected to the river bank by bridges on the opposite side of the river to their respective counties. Thames Ditton Island was transferred to Surrey from Greater London and Platts Eyot was transferred the other way.[3]

First periodic review[edit]

The Local Government Boundary Commission for England was established by the Local Government Act 1972 to review periodically the boundaries of Greater London and the London boroughs. The first review of boundaries in London commenced on 1 April 1987 and reported in 1992.[4] Following the review a series of minor adjustments were made that included realigning the boundary to the M25 motorway in some places.[5][6]

List of changes to Greater London[edit]

Date Legislation Effect LGBCE Report
1 April 1965 London Government Act 1963[7] Greater London created from the County of London, most of Middlesex and parts of Essex, Kent, Surrey and Hertfordshire
1 April 1969 The Greater London, Kent and Surrey Order, 1968 Changes to the Bromley/Croydon/Kent/Surrey boundary: Transfer of Knockholt to Kent; Farleigh and Hooley to Surrey
1 April 1970 The Greater London and Surrey Order, 1970 Changes to the Richmond-upon-Thames/Surrey boundary: Thames Ditton Island from Greater London to Surrey and Platts Eyot from Surrey to Greater London
1 April 1993 The Greater London and Kent (County Boundaries) Order 1992[8] Changes to the Bexley/Kent boundary
1 April 1993 The Greater London and Hertfordshire (County Boundaries) Order 1992[9] Changes to the Barnet/Harrow/Hertfordshire boundary [1]
1 April 1994 The Heathrow Airport (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[10] Changes to the Hillingdon/Hounslow/Surrey/Buckinghamshire boundary: some alignment to the M25 motorway and Heathrow Airport brought entirely within Greater London †
1 April 1994 The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[11] Changes to the Croydon/Surrey boundary †
1 April 1994 The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No. 2) Order 1993[12] Changes to the Richmond/Surrey boundary †
1 April 1994 The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No. 3) Order 1993[13] Changes to the Croydon/Sutton/Surrey boundaries
1 April 1994 The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No. 4) Order 1993[14] Changes to the Hounslow/Surrey boundary
1 April 1994 The Greater London, Kent and Surrey (County Boundaries) Order 1993[15] Changes to the Bromley/Kent/Surrey boundary: Southern tip of Bromley at Tatsfield to Surrey †
1 April 1994 The Essex, Greater London and Hertfordshire (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[16] Changes to the Enfield/Hertfordshire boundary: some alignment to the M25 motorway [2]
1 April 1994 The Essex and Greater London (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[17] Changes to the Enfield/Hackney/Haringey/Waltham Forest/Essex boundary: re-alignment to the modern course of the River Lea [3]
1 April 1994 The Essex and Greater London (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No.2) Order 1993[18] Changes to the Havering/Essex boundary: some alignment to the M25 motorway and transfer of part of Great Warley from Greater London †
1 April 1995 The Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Surrey (County Boundaries) Order 1994[19] Changes to the Surrey/Buckinghamshire/Berkshire boundary give Greater London and Berkshire a new common boundary
1 April 1995 The Essex and Greater London (County Boundaries) Order 1993[20] Changes to the Redbridge/Essex boundary: Transfer of area around Grange Hill tube station to Greater London
1 April 1995 The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1994[21] Changes to the Kingston/Sutton/Surrey boundary †

(Some changes to the Metropolitan Police District were later repealed)[22]

† = also altered the boundaries of the Metropolitan Police District

List of changes to the London boroughs[edit]

Date Legislation Effect
1 April 1994 The Barnet, Camden and Westminster (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[23] Changes to the Barnet/Camden/Westminster boundary
1 April 1994 The Bexley and Greenwich (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[24] Changes to the Bexley/Greenwich boundary
1 April 1994 The Bromley and Greenwich (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[25] Changes to the Bromley/Greenwich boundary
1 April 1994 The Bromley and Lewisham (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[26] Changes to the Bromley/Lewisham boundary
1 April 1994 The Bromley, Croydon, Lambeth, Lewisham and Southwark (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[27] Changes to the Bromley/Croydon/Lambeth/Lewisham/Southwark boundary
1 April 1994 The City and London Borough Boundaries Order 1993[28] Changes to the Camden/City of London/Hackney/Islington/Tower Hamlets/Westminster boundary
1 April 1994 The Croydon, Lambeth and Southwark (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[29] Changes to the Croydon/Lambeth/Southwark boundary
1 April 1994 The Croydon, Merton and Sutton (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[30] Changes to the Croydon/Merton/Sutton boundary
1 April 1994 The Ealing, Hammersmith and Fulham, and Hounslow (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[31] Changes to the Ealing/Hammersmith and Fulham/Hounslow boundary
1 April 1994 The Ealing, Hillingdon and Hounslow (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[32] Changes to the Ealing/Hillingdon/Hounslow boundary
1 April 1994 The East London Boroughs (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[33] Changes to the Barking and Dagenham/Havering/Newham/Redbridge boundary
1 April 1994 The East London Boroughs (London Borough Boundaries) (No. 2) Order 1993[34] Changes to the Hackney/Newham/Redbridge/Tower Hamlets/Waltham Forest boundary
1 April 1994 The Greenwich and Lewisham (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[35] Changes to the Greenwich/Lewisham boundary
1 April 1994 The Hackney and Tower Hamlets (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[36] Changes to the Hackney/Tower Hamlets boundary
1 April 1994 The Hackney, Haringey and Islington (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[37] Changes to the Hackney/Haringey/Islington boundary
1 April 1994 The Haringey and Islington (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[38] Changes to the Haringey/Islington boundary
1 April 1994 The Kensington and Chelsea and Westminster (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[39] Changes to the Kensington and Chelsea/Westminster boundary
1 April 1994 The Lambeth, Merton and Wandsworth (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[40] Changes to the Lambeth/Merton/Wandsworth boundary
1 April 1994 The Lewisham and Southwark (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[41] Changes to the Lewisham/Southwark boundary
1 April 1994 The North and Central London (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[42] Changes to the Brent/Ealing/Harrow/Kensington and Chelsea/Westminster boundary
1 April 1994 The North London Boroughs (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[43] Changes to the Barnet/Camden/Enfield/Haringey boundary
1 April 1994 The Redbridge and Waltham Forest (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[44] Changes to the Redbridge/Waltham Forest boundary
1 April 1996 The Kensington and Chelsea and Hammersmith and Fulham (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1995[45] Changes to the Kensington and Chelsea/Hammersmith and Fulham boundary

Proposed changes[edit]

In 2004, following a poll, a move was mooted by the London Assembly to entirely align the Greater London boundary to the M25 motorway.[46] The Mayor of London suggested in 2005 that Dartford, Thurrock and Watford could be given the opportunity to vote on inclusion in Greater London in local referendums.[47] In 2010 it was suggested that an extension of the boundary to include Elmbridge was being considered.[48]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sharpe, LJ (1961). The Report of The Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London. 
  2. ^ London Government Act 1963 Section 6 (4)
  3. ^ http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/45021/pages/666
  4. ^ The Local Government Boundary Commission for England, The Boundaries of Greater London and The London Borough, Report 627, (1992)
  5. ^ The Greater London, Kent and Surrey Order, 1968
  6. ^ "Greater London, Kent and Surrey Order". They Work For You. Mysociety. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  7. ^ Elcock, H, Local Government, (1994)
  8. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Greater London and Kent (County Boundaries) Order 1992. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  9. ^ Statutory Instrument 1992 No. 1696 The Greater London and Hertfordshire (County Boundaries) Order 1992 (Coming into force 1 April 1993)
  10. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Heathrow Airport (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  11. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  12. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No. 2) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  13. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No. 3) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  14. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No. 4) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  15. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Greater London, Kent and Surrey (County Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  16. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Essex, Greater London and Hertfordshire (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  17. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The Essex and Greater London (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  18. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Essex and Greater London (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No.2) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  19. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Surrey (County Boundaries) Order 1994. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  20. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Essex and Greater London (County Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  21. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1994. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  22. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) (Variation) Order 1995. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  23. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The Barnet, Camden and Westminster (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  24. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The Bexley and Greenwich (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  25. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The Bromley and Greenwich (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  26. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The Bromley and Lewisham (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  27. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The Bromley, Croydon, Lambeth, Lewisham and Southwark (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  28. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The City and London Borough Boundaries Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  29. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The Croydon, Lambeth and Southwark (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  30. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The Croydon, Merton and Sutton (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  31. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The Ealing, Hammersmith and Fulham, and Hounslow (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  32. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The Ealing, Hillingdon and Hounslow (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  33. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The East London Boroughs (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  34. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The East London Boroughs (London Borough Boundaries) (No. 2) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  35. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The Greenwich and Lewisham (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  36. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The Hackney and Tower Hamlets (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  37. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The Hackney, Haringey and Islington (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  38. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The Haringey and Islington (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  39. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The Kensington and Chelsea and Westminster (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  40. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The Lambeth, Merton and Wandsworth (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  41. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The Lewisham and Southwark (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  42. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The North and Central London (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  43. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The North London Boroughs (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  44. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The Redbridge and Waltham Forest (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  45. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The Kensington and Chelsea and Hammersmith and Fulham (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1995. Retrieved on 1 March 2015.
  46. ^ London Assembly - Poll says M25 is London's "natural boundary". 2 March 2004. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  47. ^ "Mayor answers to London: Review of Greater London's Boundaries". Greater London Authority. Retrieved 24 March 2008. 
  48. ^ Portlock, Jonathan (1 February 2010). "Does London Mayor Boris Johnson have his eyes on Elmbridge?". Kingston Guardian (Newsquest). Retrieved 9 February 2010.