List of Greater London boundary changes

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There have been a considerable number of small changes to the Greater London boundary since its creation in 1965.

Adjustments permitted by the London Government Act 1963[edit]

Greater London was created by combining whole existing units of local government and it was anticipated that this might provide an arbitrary boundary in some places.[1] The London Government Act 1963 Section 6 (4) provided a mechanism for communities on the edge of Greater London to petition for transfer to a neighbouring county. The legislation required the petition to be submitted between 1965 and 1970, to be signed by more than 300 local electors and for the area to be transferred to have no more than 10% of the borough's local electors.[2] These were completed in 1969 as the transfers of Knockholt to Kent, and of Farleigh and Hooley to Surrey. Section 6 (3) of the act allowed for transfers between Greater London and neighbouring counties where there was consensus for the change between all the relevant local authorities. This power was used to exchange two islands on the River Thames that were connected to the river bank by bridges on the opposite side of the river to their respective counties. Thames Ditton Island was transferred to Surrey from Greater London and Platts Eyot was transferred the other way.[3]

First periodic review[edit]

The Local Government Boundary Commission for England was established by the Local Government Act 1972 to review periodically the boundaries of Greater London and the London boroughs. The first review of boundaries in London commenced on 1 April 1987 and reported in 1992.[4] Following the review a series of minor adjustments were made that included realigning the boundary to the M25 motorway in some places.[5][6]

List of changes[edit]

Date Legislation Effect
1 April 1965 London Government Act 1963[7] Greater London created from the County of London, most of Middlesex and parts of Essex, Kent, Surrey and Hertfordshire
1 April 1969 The Greater London, Kent and Surrey Order, 1968 Changes to the Bromley/Croydon/Kent/Surrey boundary: Transfer of Knockholt to Kent; Farleigh and Hooley to Surrey
1 April 1970 The Greater London and Surrey Order, 1970 Changes to the Richmond-upon-Thames/Surrey boundary: Thames Ditton Island from Greater London to Surrey and Platts Eyot from Surrey to Greater London
1 April 1993 The Greater London and Kent (County Boundaries) Order 1992[8] Changes to the Bexley/Kent boundary
1 April 1993 The Greater London and Hertfordshire (County Boundaries) Order 1992[9] Changes to the Barnet/Harrow/Hertfordshire boundary
1 April 1994 The Heathrow Airport (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[10] Changes to the Hillingdon/Hounslow/Surrey/Buckinghamshire boundary: some alignment to the M25 motorway and Heathrow Airport brought entirely within Greater London †
1 April 1994 The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[11] Changes to the Croydon/Surrey boundary †
1 April 1994 The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No. 2) Order 1993[12] Changes to the Richmond/Surrey boundary †
1 April 1994 The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No. 3) Order 1993[13] Changes to the Croydon/Sutton/Surrey boundaries
1 April 1994 The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No. 4) Order 1993[14] Changes to the Hounslow/Surrey boundary
1 April 1994 The Greater London, Kent and Surrey (County Boundaries) Order 1993[15] Changes to the Bromley/Kent/Surrey boundary: Southern tip of Bromley at Tatsfield to Surrey †
1 April 1994 The Essex, Greater London and Hertfordshire (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[16] Changes to the Enfield/Hertfordshire boundary: some alignment to the M25 motorway
1 April 1994 The Essex and Greater London (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No.2) Order 1993[17] Changes to the Havering/Essex boundary: some alignment to the M25 motorway and transfer of part of Great Warley from Greater London †
1 April 1995 The Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Surrey (County Boundaries) Order 1994[18] Changes to the Surrey/Buckinghamshire/Berkshire boundary give Greater London and Berkshire a new common boundary
1 April 1995 The Essex and Greater London (County Boundaries) Order 1993[19] Changes to the Redbridge/Essex boundary: Transfer of area around Grange Hill tube station to Greater London
1 April 1995 The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1994[20] Changes to the Kingston/Sutton/Surrey boundary †

(Some changes to the Metropolitan Police District were later repealed)[21]

† = also altered the boundaries of the Metropolitan Police District

Proposed changes[edit]

In 2004, following a poll, a move was mooted by the London Assembly to entirely align the Greater London boundary to the M25 motorway.[22] The Mayor of London suggested in 2005 that Dartford, Thurrock and Watford could be given the opportunity to vote on inclusion in Greater London in local referendums.[23] In 2010 it was suggested that an extension of the boundary to include Elmbridge was being considered.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sharpe, LJ (1961). The Report of The Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London. 
  2. ^ London Government Act 1963 Section 6 (4)
  3. ^ http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/45021/pages/666
  4. ^ The Local Government Boundary Commission for England, The Boundaries of Greater London and The London Borough, Report 627, (1992)
  5. ^ The Greater London, Kent and Surrey Order, 1968
  6. ^ "Greater London, Kent and Surrey Order". They Work For You. Mysociety. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  7. ^ Elcock, H, Local Government, (1994)
  8. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Greater London and Kent (County Boundaries) Order 1992. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  9. ^ Statutory Instrument 1992 No. 1696 The Greater London and Hertfordshire (County Boundaries) Order 1992 (Coming into force 1 April 1993)
  10. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Heathrow Airport (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  11. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  12. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No. 2) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  13. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No. 3) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  14. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No. 4) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  15. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Greater London, Kent and Surrey (County Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  16. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Essex, Greater London and Hertfordshire (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  17. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Essex and Greater London (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No.2) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  18. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Surrey (County Boundaries) Order 1994. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  19. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Essex and Greater London (County Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  20. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1994. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  21. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) (Variation) Order 1995. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  22. ^ London Assembly - Poll says M25 is London's "natural boundary". 2 March 2004. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  23. ^ "Mayor answers to London: Review of Greater London's Boundaries". Greater London Authority. Retrieved 24 March 2008. 
  24. ^ Portlock, Jonathan (1 February 2010). "Does London Mayor Boris Johnson have his eyes on Elmbridge?". Kingston Guardian (Newsquest). Retrieved 9 February 2010.