List of Greater London boundary changes

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There have been a considerable number of small changes to the Greater London boundary since its creation in 1965.

Adjustments permitted by the London Government Act 1963[edit]

Greater London was created by combining whole existing units of local government and it was anticipated that this might provide an arbitrary boundary in some places.[1] The London Government Act 1963 Section 6 (4) provided a mechanism for communities on the edge of Greater London to petition for transfer to a neighbouring county. The legislation required the petition to be submitted between 1965 and 1970, to be signed by more than 300 local electors and for the area to be transferred to have no more than 10% of the borough's local electors.[2] These were completed in 1969 as the transfers of Knockholt to Kent, and of Farleigh and Hooley to Surrey. Section 6 (3) of the act allowed for transfers between Greater London and neighbouring counties where there was consensus for the change between all the relevant local authorities. This power was used to exchange two islands on the River Thames that were connected to the river bank by bridges on the opposite side of the river to their respective counties. Thames Ditton Island was transferred to Surrey from Greater London and Platts Eyot was transferred the other way.[3]

Date Legislation Effect
1 April 1965 London Government Act 1963[4] Greater London created from the County of London, most of Middlesex and parts of Essex, Kent, Surrey and Hertfordshire
1 April 1969 The Greater London, Kent and Surrey Order, 1968 Changes to the Bromley/Croydon/Kent/Surrey boundary: Transfer of Knockholt to Kent; Farleigh and Hooley to Surrey
1 April 1970 The Greater London and Surrey Order, 1970 Changes to the Richmond-upon-Thames/Surrey boundary: Thames Ditton Island from Greater London to Surrey and Platts Eyot from Surrey to Greater London

Local Government Act 1972[edit]

The Local Government Boundary Commission for England (or LGBCE) was established by the Local Government Act 1972 to review periodically the boundaries of local authority areas in England, both administratively and electorally.[5]

First periodic electoral review (1977-78)[edit]

In 1973 there were early reviews of the electoral boundaries of Bexley and Kensington and Chelsea which needed minor boundaries redrawn in time for the 1974 local elections.

The first proper review of the electoral boundaries in London commenced in February 1977, as part of the Initial Electoral Reviews and reported in October 1977. Following the review all but one (Enfield) of the London boroughs had their ward boundaries redrawn in time for the 1978 local elections. Enfield was postponed until the 1982 local elections.

The details of these boundary changes can be here: List of electoral wards in Greater London.

Date Legislation LGBCE Report
2 May 1974 The London Borough of Lewisham (Wards) Order 1973 n/a (Re-named one existing ward)
2 May 1974 The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea (Wards) Order 1973 Report No. 004: Kensington and Chelsea October 1973
2 May 1974 The London Borough of Bexley (Wards) Order 1974 Report No. 007: Bexley (Belvedere Ward) December 1973
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Barking (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 185: Barking February 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Barnet (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 248: Barnet August 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Bexley (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 241: Bexley August 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Brent (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 226: Brent July 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Bromley (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 258: Bromley October 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Camden (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 230: Camden August 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Croydon (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 211: Croydon May 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Ealing (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 209: Ealing May 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Greenwich (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 234: Greenwich August 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Hackney (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 223: Hackney July 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Hammersmith (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 210: Hammersmith and Fulham May 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Haringey (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 254: Haringey September 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Havering (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 214: Havering May 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Hillingdon (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 217: Hillingdon June 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Hounslow (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 193: Hounslow April 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Islington (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 219: Islington June 1977
4 May 1978 The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 207: Kensington and Chelsea May 1977
4 May 1978 The Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 216: Kingston-upon-Thames May 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Lambeth (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 257: Lambeth October 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Lewisham (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 203: Lewisham April 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Merton (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 247: Merton August 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Newham (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 192: Newham April 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Redbridge (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 213: Redbridge May 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 212: Richmond-upon-Thames May 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Southwark (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 205: Southwark April 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Sutton (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 194: Sutton March 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Waltham Forest (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 235: Waltham Forest August 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Wandsworth (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977 Report No. 249: Wandsworth September 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Harrow (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1978 Report No. 256: Harrow October 1977
4 May 1978 The London Borough of Tower Hamlets (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1978 Report No. 244: Tower Hamlets August 1977
4 May 1978 The City of Westminster (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1978 Report No. 225: Westminster July 1977
6 May 1982 The London Borough of Enfield (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1980 Report No. 255: Enfield September 1977
Report No. 285: Enfield Judgement February 1978

First periodic administrative review (1987-92)[edit]

The first review of the administrative boundaries in London commenced on 1 April 1987, as part of the Mandatory Reviews of non-Metropolitan Counties, Metropolitan Districts and London Boroughs and reported in May 1992.[6] Following the review a series of minor adjustments were made that included realigning the boundary to the M25 motorway in some places.[7][8]

List of changes to Greater London[edit]

The changes were implemented by 13 Statutory instruments over two years. The table below shows the changes in area and population:

This table lists the 13 Statutory instruments.

Date Legislation Effect LGBCE Report(s)
1 April 1993 The Greater London and Kent (County Boundaries) Order 1992[9] Changes to the Bexley/Dartford (Kent) boundary Report No. 598: Bexley January 1991
1 April 1993 The Greater London and Hertfordshire (County Boundaries) Order 1992[10] Changes to the Barnet/Harrow/Hertsmere (Hertfordshire) boundary Report No. 594: Barnet January 1991
1 April 1994 The Heathrow Airport (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[11] Changes to the Hillingdon/Hounslow/Spelthorne (Surrey)/South Bucks (Buckinghamshire) boundary: some alignment to the M25 motorway and Heathrow Airport brought entirely within Greater London † Report No. 665: Heathrow July 1992
1 April 1994 The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[12] Changes to the Bromley/Croydon/Reigate & Banstead/Tandridge (Surrey) boundary † Report No. 615: Croydon (Bromley/Outer London) November 1991
1 April 1994 The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No. 2) Order 1993[13] Changes to the Richmond/Wandsworth/Spelthorne (Surrey) boundary † Report No. 647: Richmond upon Thames May 1992
1 April 1994 The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No. 3) Order 1993[14] Changes to the Croydon/Sutton/Epsom & Ewell/Reigate & Banstead (Surrey) boundaries
1 April 1994 The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No. 4) Order 1993[15] Changes to the Hounslow/Richmond/Spelthorne (Surrey) boundary Report No. 652: Hounslow August 1992
1 April 1994 The Greater London, Kent and Surrey (County Boundaries) Order 1993[16] Changes to the Bexley/Bromley/Sevenoaks (Kent)/Tandridge (Surrey) boundary: Southern tip of Bromley at Tatsfield to Surrey † Report No. 620: Bromley (Bexley/Outer London) February 1992
1 April 1994 The Essex, Greater London and Hertfordshire (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[17] Changes to the Barnet/Enfield/Broxbourne/Hertsmere/Welwyn Hatfield (Hertfordshire)/Epping Forest (Essex) boundary: some alignment to the M25 motorway Report No. 672: Enfield August 1992
1 April 1994 The Essex and Greater London (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[18] Changes to the Enfield/Hackney/Haringey/Waltham Forest/Epping Forest (Essex) boundary: re-alignment to the modern course of the River Lea Report No. 618: Waltham Forest February 1992
1 April 1994 The Essex and Greater London (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No.2) Order 1993[19] Changes to the Barking & Dagenham/Havering/Brentwood/Epping Forest/Thurrock (Essex) boundary: some alignment to the M25 motorway and transfer of part of Great Warley from Greater London † Report No. 654: Havering June 1992
1 April 1995 The Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Surrey (County Boundaries) Order 1994[20] Changes to the Slough (Berkshire)/South Bucks (Buckinghamshire)/Spelthorne (Surrey) boundary give Greater London and Berkshire a new common boundary Report No. 558: Berkshire August 1988
1 April 1995 The Essex and Greater London (County Boundaries) Order 1993[21] Changes to the Redbridge/Epping Forest (Essex) boundary: Transfer of area around Grange Hill tube station to Greater London Report No. 648: Redbridge May 1992
1 April 1995 The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1994[22] Changes to the Kingston/Richmond/Sutton/Elmbridge/Epsom & Ewell/Mole Valley (Surrey) boundary † (Some changes to the Metropolitan Police District were later repealed)[23] Report No. 667: Kingston August 1992

† = also altered the boundaries of the Metropolitan Police District

List of changes to the London boroughs[edit]

Date Legislation Effect LGBCE Report(s)
1 April 1994 The Barnet, Camden and Westminster (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[24] Changes to the Barnet/Camden/Westminster boundary Report No. 656: Camden June 1992
1 April 1994 The Bexley and Greenwich (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[25] Changes to the Bexley/Greenwich boundary Report No. 622: Greenwich (Thamesmead) January 1992
1 April 1994 The Bromley and Greenwich (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[26] Changes to the Bromley/Greenwich boundary Report No. 642: Greenwich (Mottingham) May 1992
1 April 1994 The Bromley and Lewisham (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[27] Changes to the Bromley/Lewisham boundary Report No. 641: Bromley (Lewisham) May 1992
1 April 1994 The Bromley, Croydon, Lambeth, Lewisham and Southwark (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[28] Changes to the Bromley/Croydon/Lambeth/Lewisham/Southwark boundary Report No. 632: Crystal Palace April 1992
1 April 1994 The City and London Borough Boundaries Order 1993[29] Changes to the Camden/City of London/Hackney/Islington/Tower Hamlets/Westminster boundary Report No. 636: City of London April 1992
1 April 1994 The Croydon, Lambeth and Southwark (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[30] Changes to the Croydon/Lambeth/Southwark boundary Report No. 624: Lambeth February 1992
1 April 1994 The Ealing, Hammersmith and Fulham, and Hounslow (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[31] Changes to the Ealing/Hammersmith and Fulham/Hounslow boundary Report No. 662: Ealing August 1992
1 April 1994 The Ealing, Hillingdon and Hounslow (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[32] Changes to the Ealing/Hillingdon/Hounslow boundary Report No. 676: Hillingdon September 1992
1 April 1994 The East London Boroughs (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[33] Changes to the Barking and Dagenham/Havering/Newham/Redbridge boundary Report No. 660: Barking and Dagenham June 1992
1 April 1994 The East London Boroughs (London Borough Boundaries) (No. 2) Order 1993[34] Changes to the Hackney/Newham/Redbridge/Tower Hamlets/Waltham Forest boundary Report No. 661: Newham June 1992
1 April 1994 The Greenwich and Lewisham (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[35] Changes to the Greenwich/Lewisham boundary Report No. 653: Lewisham June 1992
1 April 1994 The Hackney and Tower Hamlets (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[36] Changes to the Hackney/Tower Hamlets boundary Report No. 634: Tower Hamlets April 1992
1 April 1994 The Hackney, Haringey and Islington (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[37] Changes to the Hackney/Haringey/Islington boundary Report No. 663: Hackney July 1992
1 April 1994 The Haringey and Islington (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[38] Changes to the Haringey/Islington boundary Report No. 638: Islington April 1992
1 April 1994 The Kensington and Chelsea and Westminster (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[39] Changes to the Kensington and Chelsea/Westminster boundary Report No. 666: Westminster August 1992
1 April 1994 The Lambeth, Merton and Wandsworth (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[40] Changes to the Lambeth/Merton/Wandsworth boundary Report No. 669: Wandsworth August 1992
1 April 1994 The Lewisham and Southwark (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[41] Changes to the Lewisham/Southwark boundary Report No. 637: Southwark April 1992
1 April 1994 The North and Central London (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[42] Changes to the Brent/Ealing/Harrow/Kensington and Chelsea/Westminster boundary Report No. 651: Brent May 1992
1 April 1994 The North London Boroughs (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[43] Changes to the Barnet/Camden/Enfield/Haringey boundary
1 April 1995 The Croydon, Merton and Sutton (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[44] Changes to the Croydon/Merton/Sutton boundary
1 April 1995 The Redbridge and Waltham Forest (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993[45] Changes to the Redbridge/Waltham Forest boundary Report No. 648: Redbridge May 1992
1 April 1996 The Kensington and Chelsea and Hammersmith and Fulham (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1995[46] Changes to the Kensington and Chelsea/Hammersmith and Fulham boundary Report No. 675: Kensington and Chelsea September 1992

Local Government Act 1992[edit]

The Local Government Commission for England (or LGCE) was established by the Local Government Act 1992 as the successor to the LGBCE. It continued to periodically review the boundaries of local authority areas in England and was also involved with drawing the administrative and electoral boundaries of the Greater London Authority and the London Assembly when they were created.

Second periodic electoral review (1998-2000)[edit]

The second review of the electoral boundaries in London commenced on 23 June 1998 and reported in 2000. Following the review all of the London boroughs had their ward boundaries redrawn in time for the 2002 local elections.

The details of these boundary changes can be here: List of electoral wards in Greater London.

Date Legislation LGCE Report(s)
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[47] Draft report 23 March 1999 Final report 7 September 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Barnet (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[48] Draft report 26 January 1999 Final report 22 June 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Bexley (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[49] Draft report 2 March 1999 Final report 27 July 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Brent (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[50] Draft report 3 August 1999 Final report 5 January 2000
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Bromley (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[51] Draft report 29 June 1999 Final report 30 November 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Camden (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[52] Draft report 29 June 1999 Final report 30 November 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Croydon (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[53] Draft report 23 March 1999 Final report 7 September 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Ealing (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[54] Draft report 26 January 1999 Final report 22 June 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Enfield (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[55]

Draft report 3 August 1999 Final report 5 January 2000

2 May 2002 The London Borough of Greenwich (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[56] Draft report 3 August 1999 Final report 5 January 2000
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Hackney (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[57] Draft report 23 March 1999 Final report 7 September 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[58] Draft report 3 August 1999 Final report 5 January 2000
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Haringey (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[59] Draft report 23 March 1999 Final report 7 September 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Harrow (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[60] Draft report 26 January 1999 Final report 22 June 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Havering (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[61] Draft report 2 March 1999 Final report 27 July 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Hillingdon (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[62] Draft report 29 June 1999 Final report 30 November 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Hounslow (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[63] Draft report 26 January 1999 Final report 22 June 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Islington (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[64] Draft report 23 March 1999 Final report 7 September 1999
2 May 2002 The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[65] Draft report 23 March 1999 Final report 7 September 1999
2 May 2002 The Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[66] Draft report 29 June 1999 Final report 30 November 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Lambeth (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[67] Draft report 26 January 1999 Final report 22 June 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Lewisham (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[68] Draft report 23 March 1999 Final report 7 September 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Merton (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[69] Draft report 26 January 1999 Final report 22 June 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Newham (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[70] Draft report 29 June 1999 Final report 30 November 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Redbridge (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[71] Draft report 26 January 1999 Final report 22 June 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[72] Draft report 2 March 1999 Final report 27 July 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Southwark (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[73] Draft report 23 March 1999 Final report 7 September 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Sutton (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[74] Draft report 29 June 1999 Final report 5 January 2000
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Tower Hamlets (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[75] Draft report 23 March 1999 Final report 7 September 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Waltham Forest (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[76] Draft report 26 January 1999 Final report 22 June 1999
2 May 2002 The London Borough of Wandsworth (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[77] Draft report 2 March 1999 Final report 27 July 1999
2 May 2002 The City of Westminster (Electoral Changes) Order 2000[78] Draft report 23 March 1999 Final report 7 September 1999

Greater London Authority (1998)[edit]

After the Greater London Authority referendum, 1998 held on 7 May 1998 resulted in a yes vote, the LGCE commenced on 19 May 1998 a review of the electoral boundaries for the new Greater London Authority and London Assembly. They reported in November 1998 and London was divided into fourteen constituencies in time for the first London Assembly elections in 2000.

The details of these boundary changes can be here: List of London Assembly constituencies.

Date Legislation LGCE Report(s)
4 May 2000 Greater London Authority Act 1999[79] Draft report August 1998 Final report November 1998

Proposed changes[edit]

In 2004, following a poll, a move was mooted by the London Assembly to entirely align the Greater London boundary to the M25 motorway.[80] The Mayor of London suggested in 2005 that Dartford, Thurrock and Watford could be given the opportunity to vote on inclusion in Greater London in local referendums.[81] In 2010 it was suggested that an extension of the boundary to include Elmbridge was being considered.[82]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sharpe, LJ (1961). The Report of The Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London. 
  2. ^ London Government Act 1963 Section 6 (4)
  3. ^ http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/45021/pages/666
  4. ^ Elcock, H, Local Government, (1994)
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  9. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Greater London and Kent (County Boundaries) Order 1992. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
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  13. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Greater London and Surrey (County and London Borough Boundaries) (No. 2) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
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  20. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Surrey (County Boundaries) Order 1994. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
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  77. ^ legislation.gov.uk - The London Borough of Wandsworth (Electoral Changes) Order 2000. Retrieved on 2 March 2015.
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