List of Greek mythological creatures
Greek myth includes many monstrous beings:
- Centaur,a head and torso of a human with the legs and behind of a horse
- Cerberus, the three-headed, giant hound that guarded the gates of the Underworld
- Charybdis, a sea monster whose inhalations formed a deadly whirlpool
- Chimera, a three-headed monster, with the foreparts of a lion, the middle-parts of a goat and a snake for its tail.
- Empousai, seductive female vampire demons with a leg of bronze and a donkey's foot. They are especially good at killing men with their beauty.
- Gorgons, three cursed sisters with serpents for hair
- Graeae, three old women with one tooth and one eye among them
- Harpies, winged monsters with heads and torsos of women
- Hippalectryon, a creature with the fore-parts of a rooster and the body of a horse
- Hippocampi, sea creatures with the fore-parts of horses and the tails of fish
- Ichthyocentaurs, a pair of marine centaurs with the upper bodies of men, the lower fronts of horses, and the tails of fish
- Ipotane, a race of half-horse, half-humans
- Kobaloi, a species of mischievous creatures, fond of tricking or frightening humans
- Manticore, a monster with the head of a man, the body of a lion, and a tail that can shoot spikes.
- Minotaur, a monster with the head of a bull and the body of a man; slain multiple times.
- Mormo, a vampiric creature who bit bad children
- Lamia, a vampiric demon which preyed on children
- Hydra, a many-headed, serpent-like creature that guarded an Underworld entrance beneath Lake Lerna. It was destroyed by Heracles, in his second Labour
- Furies, the three goddesses of pain. Worked for Hades in the Underworld to punish evil souls. Created from the blood of Ouranos.
- Charon, a ferryman at the river Styx
- Ophiotaurus, a creature part bull and part serpent
- Orthrus, a two-headed, serpent-tailed dog, slain by Heracles
- Panes, a tribe of nature-spirits which had the heads and torsos of men, the legs and tails of goats, goatish faces and goat-horns
- Pholus, a wise centaur and friend of Heracles
- Satyrs and Satyresses, companions of Pan and Dionysus which had human upper bodies, and the horns and hindquarters of a goat
- Scylla, lover of Poseidon, transformed by Circe into a many-headed, tentacled monster who fed on passing sailors in the straits between herself and Charybdis.
- Sirens, three beautiful mermaid/bird like women whose irresistible song lured sailors to their deaths
- Taraxippi, ghosts that frightened horses
- Telekhines, skilled metal-workers with the heads of dogs and flippers of seals in place of hands
- Wood Nymphs, beautiful demigoddess women who lived in the forest, they were often chased by heroes, gods and satyrs
These animals possess some fantastic attribute.
- Arion, the immortal horse of Adrastus who could run at fantastic speeds
- Balius and Xanthus, the immortal horses of Achilles
- Calydonian Boar, a gigantic boar sent by Artemis to ravage Calydon and slain in the Calydonian Boar Hunt
- Ceryneian Hind, an enormous deer which was sacred to Artemis; Heracles was sent to retrieve it as one of his labours
- Griffin or gryphon, a creature that combines the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle
- Golden Fleece, from a golden-haired ram, which was held in Colchis.
- Erymanthian Boar, a gigantic boar which Heracles was sent to retrieve as one of his labours
- Karkinos, a giant crab which fought Heracles alongside the Hydra
- Laelaps, a dog destined always to catch its prey
- Mares of Diomedes, four man-eating horses belonging to the giant Diomedes
- Nemean Lion, a gigantic lion whose skin was impervious to weapons; it was strangled by Heracles
- Pegasus, a divine winged horse that is pure white, was foaled by Medusa
- Phoenix, a golden-red bird of which only one could live at a time, but would burst into flames to form a new phoenix
- Sphinx has the haunches of a lion, the wings of a great bird, and the face of a woman
- Stymphalian Birds, man-eating birds with beaks of bronze and sharp metallic feathers they could launch at their victims
- Teumessian fox, a gigantic fox destined never to be caught
- Unicorn, a beautiful horse-like creature with a magical horn on its forehead
The Gigantes, or giants, were a class of unnaturally large and often monstrous men who were closely related to the gods. They were born of Ouranos' blood. Each was born to oppose a certain god.
- Agrius, a man-eating Thracian giant who was half man and half bear
- Alcyoneus, the eldest of the Thracian giants, killed by Heracles, made to oppose Hades
- The Aloadae, twin giants who attempted to storm Olympus
- Alops, a Sicilian giant, slain by Dionysus
- Anax, a Lydian giant
- Antaeus, a Libyan giant who gained strength from constant contact with the earth and wrestled to death all visitors to his realm until slain by Heracles
- Argus Panoptes, a hundred-eyed giant tasked with guarding over Io
- Chrysaor, a son of Medusa, sometimes said to be a giant
- Cyclopes (Younger), three one-eyed giants who forged Zeus' thunderbolt, Hades' cap of invisibility, and Poseidon's storm-raising trident
- Cyclopes (Elder), one-eyed cannibalistic giants who shepherded flocks of sheep on the island of Sicily
- Enceladus, a Thracian giant who made war on the gods; he was defeated and buried underneath Mount Etna
- The Gegenees, a tribe of six-armed giants fought by the Argonauts on Bear Mountain in Mysia
- Geryon, a three-bodied, four-winged giant who dwelt on the red island of Erytheia
- The Hekatoncheires, the Hundred-Handed Ones, giant gods of violent storms and hurricanes.
- Briareus or Aigaion (Βριάρεως), The Vigorous
- Cottus (Κόττος), The Furious
- Gigges (Γύγης), The Big-Limbed
- The Laestrygonians, a tribe of man-eating giants encountered by Odysseus on his travels
- Polybotes, a giant who fought Poseidon during the Gigantomachy
- Porphyrion, a giant who made war on the Olympians and was killed by Heracles. In Hesiod, he was king of the giants
- Tityos, a giant slain by Apollo and Artemis when he attempted to violate their mother Leto.
- Typhon, a monstrous immortal storm-giant who was defeated and imprisoned by Zeus in the pit of Tartarus
The dragons of Greek mythology were serpentine monsters. They include the serpent-like Drakons, the marine-dwelling Cetea and the she-monster Dracaenae.
- The Colchian Dragon, an unsleeping dragon which guarded the Golden Fleece
- Cychreides, a dragon which terrorised Salamis before being slain by Cychreus
- The Ismenian Dragon, a dragon which guarded the sacred spring of Ares near Thebes; it was slain by Cadmus
- Ladon, a serpent-like dragon which guarded the Golden apples of immortality of the Hesperides
- The Lernaean Hydra, a seven-headed dragon which guarded the springs of Lerna; it was slain by Heracles
- Python, a dragon which guarded the oracle of Delphi; it was slain by Apollo
Drakons ("δράκους" in Greek, "dracones" in Latin) were giant serpents, sometimes possessing multiple heads or able to breathe fire, but most just spit deadly venom.
The Laconian Drakon was one of the most fearsome of all the drakons.
Cetea were sea monsters. They were usually featured in myths of a hero rescuing a sacrificial princess.
- The Ethiopian Cetus was a sea monster sent by Poseidon to ravage Ethiopia and devour Andromeda, which was slain by Perseus
- The Trojan Cetus was a sea monster that plagued Troy before being slain by Heracles.
Automatons or Colossi, were men, animals and monsters crafted out of metal and made animate in order to perform various tasks. They were created by the divine smith, Hephaestus. The Athenian inventor Daedalus also manufactured automatons.
- Caucasian Eagle, a giant eagle set by Zeus to feed on the ever-regenerating liver of Prometheus; it was variously described as an automaton and a son of Echidna
- The Hippoi Kabeirikoi, four bronze horse-shaped automatons crafted by Hephaestus to draw the chariot of the Cabeiri
- The Keledones, singing maidens sculpted out of gold by Hephaestus
- The Khalkotauroi, fire-breathing bulls created by Hephaestus as a gift for Aeëtes
- The Kourai Khryseai, golden maidens sculpted to Hephaestus to attend him in his household
- Talos, a giant man made out of bronze to protect Europa Esther
- Arimaspi, a tribe of one-eyed men
- Monopodes or Skiapodes, a tribe of one-legged Libyan men who used their gigantic foot as shade against the midday sun
- Panotii, a tribe of northern men with gigantic, body-length ears
- Pygmies, a tribe of one and a half foot tall African men who rode goats into battle against migrating cranes
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