List of HVDC projects

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This is a list of notable high-voltage direct-current power transmission projects.

HVDC projects for long-distance transmission have two (or rarely, more) converter stations and a transmission line interconnecting them. Generally overhead lines are used for interconnection, but an important class of HVDC projects use submarine power cables. A back-to-back station has no transmission line and connects two AC grids at different frequencies or phase counts. Historical HVDC systems used the Thury system of motor-generators but these have all been made obsolete by later developments such as mercury-arc valves, thyristors, and IGBT power transistors.

Legend[edit]

Line type:

Line status:

  Under construction
  Planned
  Decommissioned

Transmission lines[edit]

Africa[edit]

Name
Converter
station 1
Converter
station 2
Total Length (Cable/Pole)
(km)

Volt (kV)
Power (MW)
Year
Type
Remarks
Ref
Cahora Bassa Mozambique - Songo
15°36′41″S 32°44′59″E / 15.61139°S 32.74972°E / -15.61139; 32.74972 (Cahora Bassa Transmission - Songo Static Inverter Plant)
South Africa - Apollo
25°55′11″S 28°16′34″E / 25.91972°S 28.27611°E / -25.91972; 28.27611 (Cahora Bassa Transmission - Apollo Static Inverter Plant)
1420
(0/1420)
533 1920 1979 Thyr First HVDC with voltage above 500 kV
ABB refurb 2013-2014
[1][2][3]
Inga-Shaba Democratic Republic of Congo - Kolwezi
10°39′27″S 25°27′08″E / 10.65750°S 25.45222°E / -10.65750; 25.45222 (Inga-Shaba - Kolwezi Static Inverter Plant)
Democratic Republic of Congo - Inga
05°31′27″S 13°36′39″E / 5.52417°S 13.61083°E / -5.52417; 13.61083 (Inga-Shaba - Inga Static Inverter Plant)
1700
(0/1700)
500 560 1982 Thyr Upgraded in 2014
Supplier: ABB, GE
[1][4][5][6]
Caprivi Link Namibia - Gerus
20°18′53″S 16°27′9″E / 20.31472°S 16.45250°E / -20.31472; 16.45250 (Caprivi Link - Gerus Static Inverter Plant)
Namibia - Zambezi
17°30′6″S 24°13′20″E / 17.50167°S 24.22222°E / -17.50167; 24.22222 (Caprivi Link - Zambezi Static Inverter Plant)
950
(950/0)
350 300 2010 IGBT Supplier: ABB [1][7]

Australia and Oceania[edit]

Name
Converter
station 1
Converter
station 2
Total Length (Cable/Pole)
(km)
Volt (kV)
Power (MW)
Year
Type
Remarks
Ref
HVDC Inter-Island 1 New Zealand - Benmore
44°33′55″S 170°11′24″E / 44.56528°S 170.19000°E / -44.56528; 170.19000 (Inter-Island - Benmore Static Inverter Plant)
New Zealand - Haywards
41°9′1″S 174°58′52″E / 41.15028°S 174.98111°E / -41.15028; 174.98111 (Inter-Island - Haywards Static Inverter Plant)
611
(40/571)
270 600 1965 Merc Built as 250 kV 600 MW link
Paralleled to operate at 270 kV as positive pole with HVDC Inter-Island 2 in 1992.
Partially decommissioned in 2007, fully decommissioned in August 2012.
Supplier: ABB
[1]
HVDC Inter-Island 2 New Zealand - Benmore
44°33′55″S 170°11′24″E / 44.56528°S 170.19000°E / -44.56528; 170.19000 (Inter-Island - Benmore Static Inverter Plant)
New Zealand - Haywards
41°9′1″S 174°58′52″E / 41.15028°S 174.98111°E / -41.15028; 174.98111 (Inter-Island - Haywards Static Inverter Plant)
611
(40/571)
350 700 1992 Thyr Negative pole, operates in bipole configuration with HVDC Inter-Island 3 (previously HVDC Inter-Island 1)
Restricted to 500 MW due to cable rating.
Supplier: ABB
[1]
HVDC Inter-Island 3 New Zealand - Benmore
44°33′55″S 170°11′24″E / 44.56528°S 170.19000°E / -44.56528; 170.19000 (Inter-Island - Benmore Static Inverter Plant)
New Zealand - Haywards
41°9′1″S 174°58′52″E / 41.15028°S 174.98111°E / -41.15028; 174.98111 (Inter-Island - Haywards Static Inverter Plant)
611
(40/571)
350 735 2013 Thyr Positive pole, operates in bipole configuration with HVDC Inter-Island 2
Supplier: Siemens
[8]
Terranora interconnector (Directlink) Australia - Mullumbimby
28°34′15″S 153°27′8″E / 28.57083°S 153.45222°E / -28.57083; 153.45222 (Directlink - Mullumbimby Static Inverter Plant)
Australia - Bungalora
28°15′20″S 153°28′20″E / 28.25556°S 153.47222°E / -28.25556; 153.47222 (Directlink - Bungalora Static Inverter Plant)
59
(59/0)
80 180 2000 IGBT Land cable
Supplier: ABB
[1]
Murraylink Australia - Red Cliffs
34°17′31″S 142°14′19″E / 34.29194°S 142.23861°E / -34.29194; 142.23861 (Red Cliffs Static Inverter Plant)
Australia - Berri
34°14′17″S 140°36′01″E / 34.23806°S 140.60028°E / -34.23806; 140.60028 (Berri Static Inverter Plant)
176
(176/0)
150 200 2002 IGBT Underground XLPE cable
Supplier: ABB
[1]
Basslink Australia - LoyYang, Vic
38°15′45″S 146°36′29″E / 38.26250°S 146.60806°E / -38.26250; 146.60806 (Basslink - LoyYang Static Inverter Plant)
Australia - GeorgeTown, Tas
41°6′53″S 146°53′31″E / 41.11472°S 146.89194°E / -41.11472; 146.89194 (Basslink - GeorgeTown Static Inverter Plant)
370 (298/72) 400 500 2006 Thyr One of the longest HVDC cable in operation
Supplier: Siemens
[1][9][10]

Asia[edit]

Name
Converter
station 1
Converter
station 2
Total Length (Cable/Pole)
(km)

Volt (kV)
Power (MW)
Year
Type
Remarks
Ref
Hokkaido - Honshu Japan - Hakodate
41°55′55″N 140°39′47″E / 41.93194°N 140.66306°E / 41.93194; 140.66306 (Hokkaido-Honshu Transmission - Hakodate Static Inverter Plant)
Japan - Kamikita
40°48′06″N 141°11′52″E / 40.80167°N 141.19778°E / 40.80167; 141.19778 (Hokkaido-Honshu Transmission - Kamikita Static Inverter Plant)
193
(44/149)
250 300 1979 Thyr Supplier: ABB, Hitachi, Toshiba [1]
Zhou Shan China - Ningbo
29°55′25″N 121°46′51″E / 29.92361°N 121.78083°E / 29.92361; 121.78083 (HVDC Zhoushan - Ningbo Static Inverter Plant?)
China - Gao Tongge
30°02′13″N 122°04′03″E / 30.03694°N 122.06750°E / 30.03694; 122.06750 (HVDC Zhoushan - Gao Tongge Static Inverter Plant?)
54
(12/42)
100 50 1982 Thyr [1]
Gezhouba - Shanghai China - Gezhouba
30°43′44″N 111°14′39″E / 30.72889°N 111.24417°E / 30.72889; 111.24417 (GeSha - Gezhouba Static Inverter Plant)
China - Nan Qiao
30°57′22″N 121°24′48″E / 30.95611°N 121.41333°E / 30.95611; 121.41333 (GeSha - Nan Qiao Static Inverter Plant)
1046
(0/1046)
500 1200 1989 Thyr Power line shares pylons of HVDC Hubei - Shanghai in most part of its track

Supplier: Siemens

[11]
Sileru-Barsoor India - Sileru
17°52′01″N 81°39′21″E / 17.86694°N 81.65583°E / 17.86694; 81.65583 (Sileru-Barsoor Transmission - Sileru Static Inverter Plant)
India - Barsoor
19°8′20″N 81°23′47″E / 19.13889°N 81.39639°E / 19.13889; 81.39639 (Sileru-Barsoor Transmission - Barsoor Static Inverter Plant)
196
(0/196)
200 100 1989 Thyr Supplier: BHEL [1]
Ekibastuz–Tambov Kazakhstan - Ekibastuz
51°52′53″N 75°13′3″E / 51.88139°N 75.21750°E / 51.88139; 75.21750 (Ekibastus Substation ( planned terminal of HVDC Ekibastuz–Centre))
Russia - Tambov
52°46′25″N 41°19′17″E / 52.77361°N 41.32139°E / 52.77361; 41.32139 (Tambov Substation ( planned terminal of HVDC Ekibastuz–Centre))
2414
(0/2414)
750 6000 (1990) Thyr Abandoned around 1990 owing to collapse of Soviet Union
Rihand-Delhi India - Rihand
24°01′13″N 82°47′21″E / 24.02028°N 82.78917°E / 24.02028; 82.78917 (Rihand-Delhi Transmission - Rihand Static Inverter Plant)
India - Dadri
28°35′36″N 77°36′16″E / 28.59333°N 77.60444°E / 28.59333; 77.60444 (Rihand-Delhi Transmission - Dadri Static Inverter Plant)
814
(0/814)
500 1500 1990 Thyr Supplier: ABB, BHEL [12]
Haenam-Cheju South Korea - Haenam
34°22′03″N 126°35′34″E / 34.36750°N 126.59278°E / 34.36750; 126.59278 (Haenam-Cheju Transmission - Haenam Static Inverter Plant)
South Korea - Jeju
33°32′06″N 126°35′44″E / 33.53500°N 126.59556°E / 33.53500; 126.59556 (Haenam-Cheju Transmission - Jeju Static Inverter Plant)
101
(101/0)
180 300 1996 Thyr Supplier: Alstom [1]
Chandrapur-Padghe India - Chandrapur
20°0′36″N 79°17′06″E / 20.01000°N 79.28500°E / 20.01000; 79.28500 (Chandrapur-Padghe Transmission - Chandrapur converter station)
India - Padghe
19°21′26″N 73°11′18″E / 19.35722°N 73.18833°E / 19.35722; 73.18833 (Chandrapur-Padghe Transmission - Padghe converter station)
752
(0/752)
500 1500 1999 Thyr Supplier: ABB [13]
Leyte - Luzon Philippines - Ormoc, Leyte
11°5′19″N 124°38′21″E / 11.08861°N 124.63917°E / 11.08861; 124.63917 (Leyte-Luzon Transmission - Ormoc Static Inverter Plant)
Philippines - Naga, Camarines Sur
13°36′40″N 123°14′19″E / 13.61111°N 123.23861°E / 13.61111; 123.23861 (Leyte-Luzon Transmission - Naga Static Inverter Plant)
451
(21/430)
350 440 1998 Thyr Supplier: ABB, Marubeni [1]
Kii Channel Japan - Anan
33°49′40″N 134°38′14″E / 33.82778°N 134.63722°E / 33.82778; 134.63722 (Kii Channel Crossing - Anan Static Inverter Plant)
Japan - Kihoku
34°12′50″N 135°30′07″E / 34.21389°N 135.50194°E / 34.21389; 135.50194 (Kii Channel Crossing - Kihoku Static Inverter Plant)
100
(50/50)
250 1400 2000 Thyr Supplier: Hitachi, Toshiba, Mitsubishi [1]
Tian-Guang China - Tianshengqiao
24°54′56″N 105°05′47″E / 24.91556°N 105.09639°E / 24.91556; 105.09639 (HVDC Tian-Guang Tianshengqiao Static Inverter Plant)
China - Beijiao
23°18′58″N 113°15′05″E / 23.31611°N 113.25139°E / 23.31611; 113.25139 (HVDC Tian-Guang Beijiao Static Inverter Plant)
960
(0/960)
500 1800 2001 Thyr Supplier: Siemens [1]
Talcher-Kolar India - Talcher, Orissa
21°06′01″N 85°03′49″E / 21.10028°N 85.06361°E / 21.10028; 85.06361 (Talcher-Kolar HVDC system - Talcher converter station)
India - Kolar, Karnataka
13°10′39″N 78°7′0″E / 13.17750°N 78.11667°E / 13.17750; 78.11667 (Talcher-Kolar HVDC system - Kolar converter station)
1450
(0/1450)
500 2000 2003 Thyr Supplier: Siemens [1]
Thailand-Malaysia Thailand - Khlong Ngae
6°42′56″N 100°27′8″E / 6.71556°N 100.45222°E / 6.71556; 100.45222 (Thailand-Malaysia Transmission - Khlong Ngae Static Inverter Plant)
Malaysia - Gurun
5°48′45″N 100°32′6″E / 5.81250°N 100.53500°E / 5.81250; 100.53500 (Thailand-Malaysia Transmission - Gurun Static Inverter Plant)
110
(0/110)
300 300 2001 Thyr Supplier: Siemens [1]
Three Gorges - Changzhou China - Longquan
30°47′6″N 111°31′48″E / 30.78500°N 111.53000°E / 30.78500; 111.53000 (Three Gorges-Changzhou Transmission - Longquan Static Inverter Plant?)?
China - Zhengping
31°36′42″N 119°59′27″E / 31.61167°N 119.99083°E / 31.61167; 119.99083 (Three Gorges-Changzhou Transmission - Zhengping Static Inverter Plant)
890
(0/890)
500 3000 2003 Thyr From north bank of Three Gorges to Zhengping, 200 km from Shanghai in the East grid
Supplier: ABB, Siemens
[1][14][15]
Three Gorges - Guangdong China - Jingzhou
30°27′26″N 112°08′18″E / 30.45722°N 112.13833°E / 30.45722; 112.13833 (Three Gorges-Guangdong Transmission - Jingzhou Static Inverter Plant)
China - Huizhou
23°16′15″N 114°12′5″E / 23.27083°N 114.20139°E / 23.27083; 114.20139 (Three Gorges-Guangdong Transmission - Huizhou Static Inverter Plant)
940
(0/940)
500 3000 2004 Thyr Supplier: ABB [1][16]
Three Gorges - Shanghai China - Yidu
30°31′45″N 111°22′35″E / 30.52917°N 111.37639°E / 30.52917; 111.37639 (Three Gorges-Shanghai Transmission - Yidu Static Inverter Plant)
China - Shanghai
31°14′13″N 121°11′13″E / 31.23694°N 121.18694°E / 31.23694; 121.18694 (Three Gorges-Shanghai Transmission - Shanghai Static Inverter Plant)
1060
(0/1060)
500 3000 2006 Thyr Supplier: ABB [1][17]
Guizhou - Guangdong I China - Anshun, Guizhou
26°16′23″N 105°48′21″E / 26.27306°N 105.80583°E / 26.27306; 105.80583 (GuG I - Anshun Static Inverter Plant)
China - Zhaoqing, Guangdong
22°54′57″N 112°29′11″E / 22.91583°N 112.48639°E / 22.91583; 112.48639 (GuG I - Zhaoqing Static Inverter Plant)
980
(0/980)
500 3000 2004 Thyr Supplier: Siemens [1]
Guizhou - Guangdong II China - Xingren
25°27′56″N 105°15′14″E / 25.46556°N 105.25389°E / 25.46556; 105.25389 (GuG II - Xingren Static Inverter Plant)
China - Shenzhen
22°45′1″N 113°59′28″E / 22.75028°N 113.99111°E / 22.75028; 113.99111 (GuG II - Shenzhen Static Inverter Plant)
1200
(0/1200)
500 3000 2007 Thyr Supplier: Siemens [1]
Ballia - Bhiwadi India - Ballia
26°04′16″N 83°42′48″E / 26.07111°N 83.71333°E / 26.07111; 83.71333 (HVDC Ballia-Bhiwadi - Ballia Static Inverter Plant)
India - Bhiwadi
28°11′0″N 76°48′58″E / 28.18333°N 76.81611°E / 28.18333; 76.81611 (HVDC Ballia-Bhiwadi - Bhiwadi Static Inverter Plant)
800
(0/800)
500 2500 2010 Thyr Supplier: Siemens [1]
Xiangjiaba-Shanghai China - Fulong
28°32′47″N 104°25′04″E / 28.54639°N 104.41778°E / 28.54639; 104.41778 (Xiangjiaba–Shanghai HVDC system – Fulong converter station)
China - Fengxia
30°55′32″N 121°46′16″E / 30.92556°N 121.77111°E / 30.92556; 121.77111 (Xiangjiaba–Shanghai HVDC system – Fengxia converter station)
1980
(0/1980)
800 6400 2010 Thyr Supplier: ABB [1][18]
Yunnan - Guangdong China - Yunnan province China - Zengcheng
23°15′19″N 113°40′44″E / 23.25528°N 113.67889°E / 23.25528; 113.67889 (HVDC Yunnan–Guangdong - Zengcheng Static Inverter Plant)
1418
(0/1418)
800 5000 2010 Thyr Supplier: Siemens [1]
Qinghai - Tibet China - Geermu
36°21′20″N 95°11′05″E / 36.35556°N 95.18472°E / 36.35556; 95.18472 (HVDC Qinghai-Tibet - Geermu Static Inverter Plant)
China - Lhasa
29°52′39″N 91°11′44″E / 29.87750°N 91.19556°E / 29.87750; 91.19556 (HVDC Qinghai-Tibet - Lhasa Static Inverter Plant)
1038
(0/1038)
400 1500 Scheduled 2012 Thyr Powerline reaches altitudes up to 5300 m above sea level
Supplier: CET, SGCC
[1]
Ningdong - Shangdong China - Yinchuan
38°06′56″N 106°30′55″E / 38.11556°N 106.51528°E / 38.11556; 106.51528 (HVDC Ningxia-Shandong - Yinchuan Static Inverter Plant)
China - Qingdao
36°18′41″N 119°52′53″E / 36.31139°N 119.88139°E / 36.31139; 119.88139 (HVDC Ningxia-Shandong - Qingdao Static Inverter Plant)
1335
(0/1335)
660 4000 2011 Thyr Supplier: Alstom [1]
Ningxia - Tianjing China - Ningxia China - Tianjing 3000 2010 Thyr  ???
Baoji - Denyang China - Baoji China - Denyang
31°19′22″N 104°34′51″E / 31.32278°N 104.58083°E / 31.32278; 104.58083 (HVDC Baoji-Denyang - Denyang Static Inverter Plant)
500 3000 2010 Thyr  ???
Qinghai - Tibet China - Geermu China - Lhasa 1038
(0/1038)
400 1500 Scheduled 2012 Thyr Supplier: CET, SGCC [1]
Hulunbeir - Liaoning China - Hulunbeir
48°31′04″N 119°43′30″E / 48.51778°N 119.72500°E / 48.51778; 119.72500 (HVDC Hulunbeir-Liaoning - Hulunbeir Static Inverter Plant)
China - Shenyang
41°07′25″N 122°46′44″E / 41.12361°N 122.77889°E / 41.12361; 122.77889 (HVDC Hulunbeir-Liaoning - Shenyang Static Inverter Plant)
920
(0/920)
500 3000 2010 Thyr Supplier: ABB [1][19]
North Shaanxi - Shandong China China 3000 2011 Thyr  ???
Hubei - Shanghai China - Jingmen
30°49′21″N 112°07′15″E / 30.82250°N 112.12083°E / 30.82250; 112.12083 (HVDC Hubei - Shanghai - Jingmen Static Inverter Plant)
China - Fenjing
30°52′00″N 121°00′58″E / 30.86667°N 121.01611°E / 30.86667; 121.01611 (HVDC Hubei - Shanghai - Fenjing Static Inverter Plant)
970
(0/970)
500 3000 2011 Thyr Power line shares pylons of HVDC Gezhouba - Shanghai in most part of its track  ???
Sumatera - Java Indonesia - Java Indonesia - Sumatera 700
(700/0)
500 3000 Under construction 2013 Thyr [1]
Jindo - Jeju Korea- Jeju Korea - Jindo 105
(105/0)
250 400 2011 Thyr Supplier: Alstom [1]
Nanhui Wind Farm Integration China China 8.4
(8.4/0)
30 18 2011 IGBT [20]
Jinping - Sunan China-Jinping China-Suzhou 2095
(0/2095)
800 7200 2012 Thyr Supplier: ABB [1][21]
Mundra - Haryana India - Mundra
22°49′46″N 69°33′22″E / 22.82944°N 69.55611°E / 22.82944; 69.55611 (HVDC Mundra-Haryana - Mundra Static Inverter Plant)
India - Mohindergarh 28°21′40″N 76°12′56″E / 28.36111°N 76.21556°E / 28.36111; 76.21556 (HVDC Mundra-Haryana - Mohindergarh Static Inverter Plant) 960
(0/960)
500 2500 Under construction 2012 Thyr Supplier: Siemens [1]
Xiluodo - Guangdong China - Zhaotong China - Conghua 1286
(0/1286)
500 6400 2013 Thyr  ???
Jinhong - Thailand China Thailand 3000 2013 Thyr  ???
Dalian City Infeed China - Dalian North China - Dalian South 43
(43/0)
320 1000 2013? Thy [22]
Xiluodo - West Zhejiang China-Xiluodu China-Jinghua 1680 800 8000 2014 Thyr  ???
North-East Agra India - Agra
27°05′01″N 78°04′22″E / 27.08361°N 78.07278°E / 27.08361; 78.07278 (HVDC Biswanath-Agra - Agra Static Inverter Plant)
India - Biswanath
1728
(0/1728)
800 6000 Planned commissioning 2016 Thyr Will supply electricity to serve 90 million people
Bipole Ultra high voltage, multiterminal (intermediate converter station at Alipurdauar)
Suplier: ABB
[1][23]
Naoao Multi-terminal VSC HVDC China China 32
(10/32)
+/-160 200/100/50 2013 IEGT/IGBT SEPRI (Electric Power Research Institute, China Southern Power Grid) is technically responsible for the entire project. Multiple suppliers are involved: three different VSC HVDC valve suppliers, two different HVDC land/sea cable suppliers and three different control & protection system/equipment suppliers. [24]

[25]

Zhoushan Multi-terminal DC Interconnection China China 134
(134/0)
200 400  ? IGBT [26]
Humeng - Shandong China China 800 6400 2015 Thyr  ???
Xiluodo - Hanzhou China China 800 6400 2015 Thyr  ???
Irkutsk - Beijing Russia - Irkutsk China - Beijing 800 6400 2015 Thyr  ???
Nuozhadu - Guangdong China China 1413 800 6400 2013 Thyr  ???
Jinsha River II - East China China China 800 6400 2016 Thyr  ???
Goupitan - Guangdong China China 3000 2016 Thyr  ???
Humeng - Liaoning China China 800 6400 2018 Thyr  ???
Hami - Central China China-Hami China-Zhengzhou 2192 800 6400 2014 Thyr  ???
Jinsha River II - Fujian China China 800 6400 2018 Thyr  ???
Humeng - Liaoning China China 800 6400 2018 Thyr  ???
Bakun HVDC Malaysia - Similajau Malaysia - Bentong 1700
(670/1030)
500  ?  ? Thyr Unfinished  ???
Shanghai - Shensi Shanghai – China Shensi – China 123
(63/60)
50  ?  ? Thyr  ???

Europe[edit]

Name
Converter
station 1
Converter
station 2
Total Length (Cable/Pole)
(km)

Volt (kV)
Power (MW)
Year
Type
Remarks
Ref
Miesbach-Munich Power Transmission Germany - Miesbach Germany - Munich 58
(0/58)
2 0.0025 1882 Single machine Demonstration facility

Dismantled

Gorzente River - Genoa DC transmission scheme Italy - Gorzente River Italy - Genoa  ? 6  ? 1889 Thury Upgraded later to a voltage of 14 kV, power of 2.5 MW and a length of 120 km

Dismantled

La Chaux-de-Fonds DC transmission scheme Switzerland - ? Switzerland - ?  ? 14  ? 1897 Thury Dismantled
St. Maurice - Lausanne DC transmission scheme Switzerland - St. Maurice Switzerland - Lausanne  ? 22 3.7 1899 Thury Dismantled
Lyon-Moutiers DC transmission scheme France - Lyon France - Moutiers 200
(10/190)
75 30 1906 Thury Dismantled in 1936
Wilesden-Ironbridge DC transmission scheme UK - Wilesden UK - Ironbridge  ? 100  ? 1910 Thury Dismantled
Chambéry DC transmission scheme France - ? France - ?  ? 150  ? 1925 Thury Dismantled in 1937
HVDC Zurich-Wettingen Switzerland - Wettingen 47°27′25″N 8°19′15″E / 47.45694°N 8.32083°E / 47.45694; 8.32083 (Zurich-Wettingen Transmission - Wettingen Hydroelectric Power Plant) Switzerland - Zurich 20
(0/20)
50 0.5 1939 Merc Experimental facility built by BBC

Dismantled

HVDC Charlottenburg-Moabit Germany - Berlin-Moabit Germany - Berlin-Charlottenburg 4.6
(0/4.6)
100 14 1942 Merc Experimental facility built by Siemens

Dismantled in 1945

Lehrte-Misburg HVDC Germany - Lehrte 52°22′54″N 9°55′03″E / 52.38167°N 9.91750°E / 52.38167; 9.91750 (Lehrte-Misburg Transmission - Lehrte Substation) Germany - Hannover/Misburg  ? 80 16 1944 Merc Experimental facility

Dismantled

Elbe-Project Germany, Vockerode 51°50′40″N 12°21′50″E / 51.84444°N 12.36389°E / 51.84444; 12.36389 (Elbe-Project - Vockerode Static Inverter Plant (today workshop)) Germany - Berlin, Marienfelde 52°25′49″N 13°22′42″E / 52.43028°N 13.37833°E / 52.43028; 13.37833 (Elbe-Project - Marienfelde Static Inverter Plant (demolished, today hardware store) 115
(115/0)
200 60 1945 Merc Never placed in service

Dismantled

HVDC Trollhattan-Merud Sweden - Trollhattan Sweden - Merud 50
(0/50)
45 6.5 1946 Merc Experimental facility built by ASEA

Dismantled

Moscow–Kashira Russia - Moscow 55°39′32″N 37°38′16″E / 55.65889°N 37.63778°E / 55.65889; 37.63778 (Moscow-Kashira - Moscow Static Inverter Plant) Russia - Kashira 100
(100/0)
200 30 1951 Merc Built of parts of HVDC Elbe-Project

Shut down

[1]
Gotland 1 Sweden - Västervik 57°43′41″N 16°38′51″E / 57.72806°N 16.64750°E / 57.72806; 16.64750 (Gotland Transmission - Västervik Static Inverter Plant) Sweden - Yigne 57°35′13″N 18°11′44″E / 57.58694°N 18.19556°E / 57.58694; 18.19556 (Gotland Transmission - Yigne Static Inverter Plant) 98
(98/0)
200 20 1954 Merc World's first commercial HVDC link. Expanded by ABBin 1970, decommissioned in 1986 [1][27]
Cross-Channel France - Echingen 50°41′48″N 1°38′21″E / 50.69667°N 1.63917°E / 50.69667; 1.63917 (Cross-Channel ( old) - Echingen Static Inverter Plant) UK - Lydd 50°54′54″N 0°56′50″E / 50.91500°N 0.94722°E / 50.91500; 0.94722 (Cross-Channel ( old) - Lydd Static Inverter Plant) 64
(64/0)
100 160 1961 Merc Shut down in 1984 [1]
Volgograd-Donbass Russia - Volzhskaya 48°49′34″N 44°40′20″E / 48.82611°N 44.67222°E / 48.82611; 44.67222 (Volgograd-Donnbass - Volzhskaya Static Inverter Plant) Ukraine - Mikhailovskaya 48°39′13″N 38°33′56″E / 48.65361°N 38.56556°E / 48.65361; 38.56556 (Volgograd-Donnbass - Mikhailovskaya Static Inverter Plant) 475
(0/475)
400 750 1965 Merc   [1]
Konti-Skan 1 Denmark - Vester Hassing 57°3′46″N 10°5′24″E / 57.06278°N 10.09000°E / 57.06278; 10.09000 (Konti-Skan - Vester Hassing Static Inverter Plant) Sweden - Stenkullen 57°48′15″N 12°19′13″E / 57.80417°N 12.32028°E / 57.80417; 12.32028 (Konti-Skan 1 - Stenkullen Static Inverter Plant (dismantled)) 176
(87/89)
250 250 1965 Merc Replaced in August 2006 by modern converters using thyristors [1]
SACOI 1 Italy - Suvereto 43°3′10″N 10°41′42″E / 43.05278°N 10.69500°E / 43.05278; 10.69500 (SACOI - Suvereto Static Inverter Plant) ( before 1992: Italy - San Dalmazio 43°15′43″N 10°55′05″E / 43.26194°N 10.91806°E / 43.26194; 10.91806 (SACOI - San Dalmazio Static Inverter Plant ( abandoned))) France- Lucciana 42°31′40″N 9°26′59″E / 42.52778°N 9.44972°E / 42.52778; 9.44972 (SACOI - Lucciana Static Inverter Plant) ; Codrongianos, Italy 40°39′7″N 8°42′48″E / 40.65194°N 8.71333°E / 40.65194; 8.71333 (SACOI - Codrogianos Static Inverter Plant) 483
(365/118)
200 200 1965 Merc Replaced in 1986 by Thyr, multiterminal scheme [1]
Kingsnorth UK - Kingsnorth 51°25′11″N 0°35′46″E / 51.41972°N 0.59611°E / 51.41972; 0.59611 (Kingsnorth Transmission - Kingsnorth Static Inverter Plant) UK - London-Beddington 51°22′23″N 0°7′38″W / 51.37306°N 0.12722°W / 51.37306; -0.12722 (Kingsnorth Transmission - Beddington Static Inverter Plant) 85
(85/0)
266 320 1975 Merc Bipolar scheme

Supplier: English Electric Shut down in 1987

[28]
Kingsnorth UK - Kingsnorth UK - London-Willesden 51°32′03″N 0°15′29″W / 51.53417°N 0.25806°W / 51.53417; -0.25806 (Kingsnorth Transmission - Willesden Static Inverter Plant) 111
(111/0)
266 320 1975 Merc Opposite pole of Kingsnorth - Beddington. Cable wholly underground except for Thames crossing - crossed on upstream side of Putney District line railway bridge
Skagerrak 1 + 2 Denmark - Tjele 56°28′44″N 9°34′1″E / 56.47889°N 9.56694°E / 56.47889; 9.56694 (Cross-Skagerrak - Tjele Static Inverter Plant) Norway - Kristiansand 58°15′36″N 7°53′55″E / 58.26000°N 7.89861°E / 58.26000; 7.89861 (Cross-Skagerrak - Kristiansand Static Inverter Plant) 230
(130/100)
250 500 1977 Thyr   Supplier: STK(Nexans) Control system upgrade by ABB in 2007 [29][30][31]
Gotland 2 Sweden - Västervik 57°43′41″N 16°38′51″E / 57.72806°N 16.64750°E / 57.72806; 16.64750 (Gotland Transmission - Västervik Static Inverter Plant) Sweden - Yigne 57°35′13″N 18°11′44″E / 57.58694°N 18.19556°E / 57.58694; 18.19556 (Gotland Transmission - Yigne Static Inverter Plant) 99.5
(92.9/6.6)
150 130 1983 Thyr  
Cross-Channel (new) France - Les Mandarins 50°54′11″N 1°47′5″E / 50.90306°N 1.78472°E / 50.90306; 1.78472 (Cross-Channel ( new) - Les Mandarins Static Inverter Plant) UK - Sellindge 51°6′21″N 0°58′32″E / 51.10583°N 0.97556°E / 51.10583; 0.97556 (Cross-Channel ( new) - Sellindge Static Inverter Plant) 72
(72/0)
270 2000 1986 Thyr 2 bipolar systems

Supplier: Alstom

[1]
Gotland 3 Sweden - Västervik 57°43′41″N 16°38′51″E / 57.72806°N 16.64750°E / 57.72806; 16.64750 (Gotland Transmission - Västervik Static Inverter Plant) Sweden - Yigne 57°35′13″N 18°11′44″E / 57.58694°N 18.19556°E / 57.58694; 18.19556 (Gotland Transmission - Yigne Static Inverter Plant) 98
(98/0)
150 130 1987 Thyr  
Konti-Skan 2 Denmark - Vester, Hassing 57°3′46″N 10°5′24″E / 57.06278°N 10.09000°E / 57.06278; 10.09000 (Konti-Skan - Vester Hassing Static Inverter Plant) Sweden - Lindome 57°36′24″N 12°6′40″E / 57.60667°N 12.11111°E / 57.60667; 12.11111 (Konti-Skan - Lindome Static Inverter Plant) 147
(87/60)
285 300 1988 Thyr Supplier: ABB
Fenno-Skan Finland - Rauma 61°09′07″N 21°37′32″E / 61.15194°N 21.62556°E / 61.15194; 21.62556 (Fenno-Skan - Rauma Static Inverter Plant) Sweden - Dannebo 60°24′14″N 18°08′10″E / 60.40389°N 18.13611°E / 60.40389; 18.13611 (Fenno-Skan - Dannebo Static Inverter Plant) 233
(200/33)
400 500 1989 Thyr Supplier: ABB
SACOI 2 Italy - Suvereto 43°3′10″N 10°41′42″E / 43.05278°N 10.69500°E / 43.05278; 10.69500 (SACOI - Suvereto Static Inverter Plant) ( before 1992: Italy - San Dalmazio 43°15′43″N 10°55′05″E / 43.26194°N 10.91806°E / 43.26194; 10.91806 (SACOI - San Dalmazio Static Inverter Plant ( abandoned))) France- Lucciana 42°31′40″N 9°26′59″E / 42.52778°N 9.44972°E / 42.52778; 9.44972 (SACOI - Lucciana Static Inverter Plant) ; Codrongianos, Italy 40°39′7″N 8°42′48″E / 40.65194°N 8.71333°E / 40.65194; 8.71333 (SACOI - Codrogianos Static Inverter Plant) 422
(118/304)
200 300 1992 Thyr Multiterminal scheme

Supplier: Alstom

Skagerrak 3 Denmark - Tjele 56°28′44″N 9°34′1″E / 56.47889°N 9.56694°E / 56.47889; 9.56694 (Cross-Skagerrak - Tjele Static Inverter Plant) Norway - Kristiansand 58°15′36″N 7°53′55″E / 58.26000°N 7.89861°E / 58.26000; 7.89861 (Cross-Skagerrak - Kristiansand Static Inverter Plant) 230
(130/100)
350 440 1993 Thyr Supplier: Nexans ABB [32]
Baltic Cable Germany - Lübeck- Herrenwyk 53°53′46″N 10°48′9″E / 53.89611°N 10.80250°E / 53.89611; 10.80250 (Baltic-Cable - Lubeck-Herrenwyk Static Inverter Plant) Sweden - Kruseberg 55°30′1″N 13°8′45″E / 55.50028°N 13.14583°E / 55.50028; 13.14583 (Baltic-Cable - Kruseberg Static Inverter Plant) 262
(250/12)
450 600 1994 Thyr Supplier: ABB
Kontek Denmark - Bjæverskov 55°27′1″N 12°0′27″E / 55.45028°N 12.00750°E / 55.45028; 12.00750 (Kontek - Bjæverskov Static Inverter Plant) Germany - Bentwisch 54°6′3″N 12°13′1″E / 54.10083°N 12.21694°E / 54.10083; 12.21694 (Kontek - Bentwisch Static Inverter Plant) 170
(170/0)
400 600 1996 Thyr Supplier: ABB
Hellsjön-Grängesberg Sweden - Hellsjön 60°02′50″N 15°08′52″E / 60.04722°N 15.14778°E / 60.04722; 15.14778 (Hellsjön-Grängesberg Transmission - Hellsjön Static Inverter Plant) Sweden - Grängesberg 60°03′53″N 14°59′39″E / 60.06472°N 14.99417°E / 60.06472; 14.99417 (Hellsjön-Grängesberg Transmission - Grängesberg Static Inverter Plant) 10
(0/10)
180 3 1997 IGBT Experimental HVDC

Supplier: ABB

Visby-Nas Sweden - Nas 57°05′58″N 18°14′27″E / 57.09944°N 18.24083°E / 57.09944; 18.24083 (Visby-Nas Transmission - Nas Static Inverter Plant) Sweden - Visby 57°37′29″N 18°21′18″E / 57.62472°N 18.35500°E / 57.62472; 18.35500 (Visby-Nas Transmission - Visby Static Inverter Plant) 70
(70/0)
80 50 1999 Thyr  
SwePol Poland - Wierzbięcin 54°30′8″N 16°53′28″E / 54.50222°N 16.89111°E / 54.50222; 16.89111 (SwePol - Wierzbięcin (Slupsk) Static Inverter Plant) Sweden - Stärnö 56°9′11″N 14°50′29″E / 56.15306°N 14.84139°E / 56.15306; 14.84139 (SwePol - Stärnö Static Inverter Plant) 245
(245/0)
450 600 2000 Thyr Supplier: ABB [33]
Tjæreborg Denmark - Tjæreborg/Enge 55°26′52″N 8°35′34″E / 55.44778°N 8.59278°E / 55.44778; 8.59278 (Tjæreborg-Enge Transmission - Enge Static Inverter Plant) Denmark - Tjæreborg/Substation 55°28′07″N 8°33′36″E / 55.46861°N 8.56000°E / 55.46861; 8.56000 (Tjæreborg-Enge Transmission - Tjæreborg Static Inverter Plant) 4.3
(4.3/0)
9 7 2000 IGBT Interconnection to wind power generating stations
Italy-Greece Greece - Arachthos 39°11′00″N 20°57′48″E / 39.18333°N 20.96333°E / 39.18333; 20.96333 (Italy-Greece Transmission - Arachthos Static Inverter Plant) Italy - Galatina 40°9′53″N 18°7′49″E / 40.16472°N 18.13028°E / 40.16472; 18.13028 (Italy-Greece Transmission - Galatina Static Inverter Plant) 310
(200/110)
400 500 2001 Thyr  
Moyle UK - Auchencrosh 55°04′10″N 4°58′50″W / 55.06944°N 4.98056°W / 55.06944; -4.98056 (Moyle - Auchencrosh Static Inverter Plant) UK - N. Ireland- Ballycronan More 54°50′34″N 5°46′11″W / 54.84278°N 5.76972°W / 54.84278; -5.76972 (Moyle - Ballycronan More Static Inverter Plant) 63.5
(63.5/0)
250 250 2001 Thyr Supplier: Nexans Siemens
HVDC Troll Norway - Kollsnes 60°33′01″N 4°50′26″E / 60.55028°N 4.84056°E / 60.55028; 4.84056 (Kollsnes-Troll Transmission - Kollsnes Static Inverter Plant) Norway - Offshore platform Troll A 60°40′00″N 3°40′00″E / 60.66667°N 3.66667°E / 60.66667; 3.66667 (Kollsnes-Troll Transmission - Troll A Static Inverter Plant (situated on Troll A offshore platform)) 70
(70/0)
60 80 2004 IGBT Power supply for offshore gas compressor

Supplier: ABB

[34]
Estlink Estonia - Harku 59°23′5″N 24°33′37″E / 59.38472°N 24.56028°E / 59.38472; 24.56028 (Estlink - Harku Static Inverter Plant) Finland - Espoo 60°12′14″N 24°33′06″E / 60.20389°N 24.55167°E / 60.20389; 24.55167 (Estlink - Espoo Static Inverter Plant) 105
(105/0)
150 350 2006 IGBT Supplier: ABB [34]
NorNed Netherlands - Eemshaven 53°26′4″N 6°51′57″E / 53.43444°N 6.86583°E / 53.43444; 6.86583 (NorNed - Eemshaven Static Inverter Plant) Norway - Feda 58°16′58″N 6°51′55″E / 58.28278°N 6.86528°E / 58.28278; 6.86528 (NorNed - Feda Static Inverter Plant) 580
(580/0)
450 700 2008 Thyr Supplier:Nexans ABB [34]
NordE.ON 1 Germany - Diele 53°7′31″N 7°18′33″E / 53.12528°N 7.30917°E / 53.12528; 7.30917 (BorWin1 - Diele Static Inverter Plant) Germany - Borkum 2 platform 54°21′15″N 6°01′30″E / 54.35417°N 6.02500°E / 54.35417; 6.02500 (BorWin1 - Borkum 2 Platform) 203
(203/0)
150 400 2009 IGBT Supplier: ABB [35]
HVDC Valhall Norway - Lista 58°04′37″N 6°46′29″E / 58.07694°N 6.77472°E / 58.07694; 6.77472 (HVDC Valhall - Lista Static Inverter Plant) Norway - Valhall, Offshore platform 292
(292/0)
150 78 2009 IGBT Supplier: Nexans  
BritNed UK - Grain 51°26′24″N 0°43′0″E / 51.44000°N 0.71667°E / 51.44000; 0.71667 (HVDC Britned - Grain Static Inverter Plant) Netherlands - Maasvlakte 51°57′27″N 4°01′17″E / 51.95750°N 4.02139°E / 51.95750; 4.02139 (HVDC Britned - Maasvlakte Static Inverter Plant) 245
(245/0)
450 1000 2010* Thyr Operational since April 2011. Supplier: Siemens [34][36]
StoreBælt Denmark - Fraugde 55°22′01″N 10°30′25″E / 55.36694°N 10.50694°E / 55.36694; 10.50694 (HVDC StoreBælt - Fraugde Static Inverter Plant) Denmark - Herslev 55°31′53″N 11°19′01″E / 55.53139°N 11.31694°E / 55.53139; 11.31694 (HVDC StoreBælt - Herslev Static Inverter Plant) 56
(56/0)
400 600 2010* Thyr Expected completion 2010. Supplier: Siemens [34]
Cometa Spain - Morvedre 39°38′28″N 0°14′7″W / 39.64111°N 0.23528°W / 39.64111; -0.23528 (Cometa - Morvedre HVDC Static Inverter) Spain - Santa Ponsa 39°32′2″N 2°30′21″E / 39.53389°N 2.50583°E / 39.53389; 2.50583 (Cometa - Santa Ponsa HVDC Static Inverter) 247
(247/0)
250 400 2011* Thyr Expected completion 2011

Supplier: Siemens (PRYSMIAN/NEXANS)

[34]
SAPEI Italy - Latina 41°25′47″N 12°48′25″E / 41.42972°N 12.80694°E / 41.42972; 12.80694 (SAPEI - Latina Static Inverter Plant) Italy - Fiume Santo 40°50′29″N 8°18′21″E / 40.84139°N 8.30583°E / 40.84139; 8.30583 (SAPEI - Fiume Santo Static Inverter Plant) 435
(435/0)
500 1000 2011 Thyr The largest HVDC link in the Mediterranean Sea. Supplier: ABB [34][37][38]
Fenno-Skan 2 Finland - Rauma 61°09′07″N 21°37′32″E / 61.15194°N 21.62556°E / 61.15194; 21.62556 (Fenno-Skan - Rauma Static Inverter Plant) Sweden - Finnbole 60°25′30″N 17°3′42″E / 60.42500°N 17.06167°E / 60.42500; 17.06167 (Fenno-Skan - Finnbole HVDC Static Inverter) 303
(200/103)
500 800 2011 Thyr  
BorWin1 Germany - Diele Germany - BorWin Alpha platform 200
(200/0)
150 400 2012 IGBT Supplier: ABB [39][40][41]
HVDC BorWin2 Germany - Diele 53°7′30″N 7°18′29″E / 53.12500°N 7.30806°E / 53.12500; 7.30806 (BorWin2 - Diele Static Inverter Plant) Germany - BorWin Beta platform 54°21′18″N 6°01′30″E / 54.35500°N 6.02500°E / 54.35500; 6.02500 (BorWin2 - BorWin Beta platform) 200
(200/0)
300 800 2012 IGBT [1]
East West Interconnector Ireland - Woodland 53°28′16″N 6°34′3″W / 53.47111°N 6.56750°W / 53.47111; -6.56750 (East West Interconnector - Woodland HVDC Static Inverter) UK - Shotton, Wales 53°13′38″N 3°4′22″W / 53.22722°N 3.07278°W / 53.22722; -3.07278 (East West Interconnector - Shotton HVDC Static Inverter) 130
(130/0)
200 500 2012 IGBT Planned completion 2012. 2 alternative plans under consideration.
HVDC DolWin1 Germany - Heede 52°58′57″N 7°15′26″E / 52.98250°N 7.25722°E / 52.98250; 7.25722 (HVDC DolWin1 - Heede Static Inverter Plant) Germany - DolWin Alpha platform 53°59′42″N 6°25′16″E / 53.99500°N 6.42111°E / 53.99500; 6.42111 (DolWin1 - DolWin Alpha platform) 165
(165/0)
320 800 2013 IGBT Supplier:ABB [2]
HVDC HelWin1 Germany - Büttel 53°55′01″N 9°13′55″E / 53.91694°N 9.23194°E / 53.91694; 9.23194 (HVDC HelWin1 - Büttel Static Inverter Plant) Germany - HelWin Alpha platform 54°27′07″N 7°44′20″E / 54.45194°N 7.73889°E / 54.45194; 7.73889 (HelWin1 - HelWin Alpha platform) 130
(130/0)
250 576 2013 IGBT [3]
Fenno-Skan 1 Upgrade Sweden - Finnböle Finland - Rauma 233
(200/33)
400 500 2013 Thyr Upgrade

Supplier:ABB

[42][43][44]
HVDC SylWin1 Germany - Büttel 53°55′01″N 9°13′55″E / 53.91694°N 9.23194°E / 53.91694; 9.23194 (HVDC SylWin1 - Büttel Static Inverter Plant) Germany - SylWin Alpha platform 55°03′47″N 7°14′28″E / 55.06306°N 7.24111°E / 55.06306; 7.24111 (SylWin1 - SylWin Alpha platform) 205
(205/0)
320 864 2014 IGBT [4]
Estlink 2 Estonia - Püssi 59°22′13″N 27°04′05″E / 59.37028°N 27.06806°E / 59.37028; 27.06806 (Estlink 2 - Püssi Static Inverter Plant) Finland - Anttila 60°22′36″N 25°22′01″E / 60.37667°N 25.36694°E / 60.37667; 25.36694 (Estlink 2 - Anttila Static Inverter Plant) 171
(157/14)
450 650 2014 Thyr Supplier: Nexans
INELFE France - Baixas 42°43′56″N 2°48′14″E / 42.73222°N 2.80389°E / 42.73222; 2.80389 (INELFE - Baixas Static Inverter Plant) Spain - Santa Llogaia 42°13′59″N 2°56′39″E / 42.23306°N 2.94417°E / 42.23306; 2.94417 (INELFE - Santa Llogaia Static Inverter Plant) 64
(64/0)
320 2000 2014 IGBT Supplier: Siemens [45]
Skagerrak 4 Norway - Kristiansand Denmark - Tjele 244
(244/0)
500 700 2014 IGBT

Supplier: Nexans

SydVästlänken Norway–Hallsberg Sweden - Barkeryd ; Sweden - Hurva 260
(197/63)
300 2x720 2013-
2015
IGBT Supplier: Alstom
LitPol Link Lithuania - Alytus Poland - Elk 160
(0/160)
70 500 2015 Thyr Supplier: ABB [46][47][48][49]
Åland - Finland Åland - Ytterby Finland - Nådendal 158
(158/0)
80 100 2015 IGBT Supplier: ABB [50][51]
Troll A 3&4 Norway - Kollsnes Norway - Troll A 3&4 platform 70
(70/0)
66 100 2015 IGBT Supplier: ABB [52][53][54][55][56][57]
Western HVDC Link UK - Hunterston UK - Connah's Quay 414
(414/0)
600 2000 2015 Thyr Supplier: Prysmian Group, Siemens
HVDC NordBalt Sweden - Nybro 56°46′1″N 15°51′35″E / 56.76694°N 15.85972°E / 56.76694; 15.85972 (Nybro substation) Lithuania - Klapeida 55°40′54″N 21°15′29″E / 55.68167°N 21.25806°E / 55.68167; 21.25806 (Klaipeda substation) 450
(450/0)
300 700 2015 IGBT Supplier: ABB [5]
HVDC DolWin2 Germany - Heede 52°58′52″N 7°15′26″E / 52.98111°N 7.25722°E / 52.98111; 7.25722 (HVDC DolWin1 - Heede Static Inverter Plant) Germany - DolWin Bets platform 53°58′41″N 6°55′23″E / 53.97806°N 6.92306°E / 53.97806; 6.92306 (DolWin2 - DolWin Beta platform) 135
(135/0)
320 900 2015 IGBT Supplier: ABB [6]
HVDC HelWin2 Germany - Büttel 53°55′01″N 9°13′55″E / 53.91694°N 9.23194°E / 53.91694; 9.23194 (HVDC HelWin2 - Büttel Static Inverter Plant) Germany - HelWin Beta platform 54°27′11″N 7°44′20″E / 54.45306°N 7.73889°E / 54.45306; 7.73889 (HelWin2 - HelWin Beta platform) 130
(130/0)
320 690 2015 IGBT
HVDC Finland - Åland Finland - Ytterby Finland - Nådendal 60°27′49″N 22°03′49″E / 60.46361°N 22.06361°E / 60.46361; 22.06361 (HVDC Finland-Åland - Nådendal Static Inverter Plant) 158
(158/0)
80 100 2015 IGBT
Shetland HVDC Connection UK - Upper Kergord Valley UK - Blackhillock 345
(345/0)
 ? 550 2016 Thyr
HVDC Italy-Croatia Italy - Candia Croatia - Konjsko  ? 2017 Thyr

North America[edit]

Name
Converter
station 1
Converter
station 2
Total Length (Cable/Pole)
(km)

Volt (kV)
Power (MW)
Year
Type
Remarks
Ref
HVDC Mechanicville–Schenectady USA - Mechanicville,NY
42°54′45″N 73°40′49″W / 42.91250°N 73.68028°W / 42.91250; -73.68028 (Mechanicville-Schenectaday Transmission - Mechanicville Hydroelectric Power Plant)
USA - Schenectady, NY 37
(0/37)
12 5 1932 Merc Experimental, frequency conversion 40 to 60 Hz

Dismantled after WW II

[58]
Vancouver Island 1 Canada - Delta, BC
49°5′31″N 123°2′31″W / 49.09194°N 123.04194°W / 49.09194; -123.04194 (Vancouver Island Transmission - Delta Static Inverter Plant)
Canada - North Cowichan, BC
48°49′39″N 123°42′55″W / 48.82750°N 123.71528°W / 48.82750; -123.71528 (Vancouver Island Transmission - North Cowichan Static Inverter Plant)
75
(42/33)
260 312 1968 Merc Supplier: ASEA [1]
Vancouver Island 2 Canada - Delta, BC
49°5′31″N 123°2′31″W / 49.09194°N 123.04194°W / 49.09194; -123.04194 (Vancouver Island Transmission - Delta Static Inverter Plant)
Canada - North Cowichan, BC
48°49′39″N 123°42′55″W / 48.82750°N 123.71528°W / 48.82750; -123.71528 (Vancouver Island Transmission - North Cowichan Static Inverter Plant)
75
(33/42)
280 370 1977 Thyr Supplier: GE [1]
Pacific DC Intertie USA - Celilo, OR
45°35′39″N 121°6′51″W / 45.59417°N 121.11417°W / 45.59417; -121.11417 (Pacific DC Intertie - Celilo Static Inverter Plant)
USA - Sylmar, CA 34°18′39″N 118°29′21″W / 34.31083°N 118.48917°W / 34.31083; -118.48917 (Pacific DC Intertie - Sylmar Static Inverter Plant),
34°18′42″N 118°28′53″W / 34.31167°N 118.48139°W / 34.31167; -118.48139 (Pacific DC Intertie - Sylmar A Static Inverter Plant)
1362
(0/1362)
500 3100 1970 Thyr Transmission voltage 400 kV until 1984
Maximum transmission power 1440 MW until 1982
From 1982 to 1984 1600 MW
From 1984 to 1989 2000 MW
Merc replaced by Thyr in 2004
Original supplier: ASEA, GE
In 1989 upgraded by ABB
In 2004 upgraded by ABB and Siemens
[1][1][59][60]
Nelson River Bipole 1 Canada - Gillam, Manitoba
56°21′41″N 94°36′48″W / 56.36139°N 94.61333°W / 56.36139; -94.61333 (Nelson River Bipole 1 - Gillam Static Inverter Plant)
Canada - Rosser, Manitoba
49°59′34″N 97°25′42″W / 49.99278°N 97.42833°W / 49.99278; -97.42833 (Nelson River Bipole - Rosser Static Inverter Plant)
1835
(940/895)
500 1000 1971 Thyr Used the largest mercury arc rectifiers ever built
Poles converted to Thyr in 1993
Original supplier: English Electric, Alstom
In 1993 upgraded by Alstom
In 2004 upgraded by Siemens
[1][61]
Nelson River Bipole 2 Canada - Sundance, Manitoba
56°30′14″N 94°8′24″W / 56.50389°N 94.14000°W / 56.50389; -94.14000 (Nelson River Bipole 2 - Sundance Static Inverter Plant)
Canada - Rosser, Manitoba
49°59′34″N 97°25′42″W / 49.99278°N 97.42833°W / 49.99278; -97.42833 (Nelson River Bipole - Rosser Static Inverter Plant)
940
(0/940)
500 2000 1985 Thyr Supplier: Siemens [1][61]
Square Butte USA - Center, ND (Young)
47°4′18″N 101°11′45″W / 47.07167°N 101.19583°W / 47.07167; -101.19583 (Square Butte - Center Static Inverter Plant)
USA - Adolph, MN (Arrowhead)
46°46′25″N 92°17′39″W / 46.77361°N 92.29417°W / 46.77361; -92.29417 (Square Butte - Arrowhead Static Inverter Plant)
749
(0/749)
250 500 1977 Thyr Supplier: GE In 2004 Control system upgrade by ABB [1][62][63]
CU USA - Underwood, ND
(Coal Creek)
47°22′24″N 101°9′23″W / 47.37333°N 101.15639°W / 47.37333; -101.15639 (CU - Coal Creek Static Inverter Plant)
USA - Rockford, MN
(Dickinson)
45°6′40″N 93°48′36″W / 45.11111°N 93.81000°W / 45.11111; -93.81000 (CU - Rockford Static Inverter Plant)
687
(0/687)
400 1000 1979 Thyr Supplier: ABB In 2004, control system upgrade by ABB [1][64]
Path 27 USA - Intermountain, UT
39°30′2″N 112°34′51″W / 39.50056°N 112.58083°W / 39.50056; -112.58083 (Intermountain Transmission - Intermountain Static Inverter Plant)
USA - Adelanto, CA
34°33′4″N 117°26′14″W / 34.55111°N 117.43722°W / 34.55111; -117.43722 (Intermountain Transmission - Adelanto Static Inverter Plant)
785
(0/785)
500 1920 1986 Thyr  
Quebec - New England Transmission Canada - Radisson, QC
53°43′33″N 77°44′17″W / 53.72583°N 77.73806°W / 53.72583; -77.73806 (Quebec-New England Transmission - Radisson Static Inverter Plant)
Canada - Nicolet, QC
46°04′47″N 72°14′58″W / 46.07972°N 72.24944°W / 46.07972; -72.24944 (Quebec-New England Transmission - Nicolet Static Inverter Plant);
USA - Ayer, MA
42°34′13″N 71°31′27″W / 42.57028°N 71.52417°W / 42.57028; -71.52417 (Quebec-New England Transmission - Sandy Pond Static Inverter Plant)
1105
(5/1100)
450 2250 1991 Thyr 3 terminals[dubious ]
Converter stations near Windsor, QC and Monroe, NH were decommissioned in 2007.

Supplier: ABB

[1]
Cross Sound Cable USA - New Haven, CT
41°17′12″N 72°54′8″W / 41.28667°N 72.90222°W / 41.28667; -72.90222 (Cross Sound Cable - New Haven Static Inverter Plant)
USA - Shoreham, Long Island, NY
40°57′33″N 72°52′3″W / 40.95917°N 72.86750°W / 40.95917; -72.86750 (Cross Sound Cable - Shoreham Static Inverter Plant)
40
(40/0)
150 330 2002 IGBT Buried underwater cable
Supplier: ABB
[65]
Neptune Cable USA - Long Island (Hicksville) NY
40°45′38″N 73°33′4″W / 40.76056°N 73.55111°W / 40.76056; -73.55111 (Neptune - Hicksville Static Inverter Plant)
USA -Sayreville, NJ
40°28′25.38″N 74°21′11.1″W / 40.4737167°N 74.353083°W / 40.4737167; -74.353083 (Neptune - Sayreville Static Inverter Plant)
105
(105/0)
500 660 2007 Thyr Supplier: Siemens [66]
Trans Bay Cable USA - Pittsburg, CA
38°01′51″N 121°53′48″W / 38.03083°N 121.89667°W / 38.03083; -121.89667 (Trans Bay Cable - East Bay Converter Station)
USA - San Francisco, CA
37°45′17″N 122°23′09″W / 37.75472°N 122.38583°W / 37.75472; -122.38583 (Trans Bay Cable - San Francisco Converter Station)
85
(85/0)
200 400 2010 IGBT First HVDC system using Modular Multi-Level Converter

Supplier: Siemens, Pirelli

[67][68][69]
Eastern Alberta Transmission Line Canada – Newell, AB 50°30′41″N 112°01′02″W / 50.51139°N 112.01722°W / 50.51139; -112.01722 (Eastern Alberta Transmission Line - Newell Static Inverter Plant) Canada – Heathfield, AB 53°51′28″N 113°13′52″W / 53.85778°N 113.23111°W / 53.85778; -113.23111 (Eastern Alberta Transmission Line - Heathfield Static Inverter Plant) 485 (0/485) 500 1000 2014 Completion due December 2014 [70]
Western Alberta Transmission Line Canada – Genesee, AB 53°21′13″N 114°18′33″W / 53.35361°N 114.30917°W / 53.35361; -114.30917 (Western Alberta Transmission Line - Genesee Static Inverter Plant) Canada – Langdon, AB 50°57′37″N 113°43′11″W / 50.96028°N 113.71972°W / 50.96028; -113.71972 (Western Alberta Transmission Line - Langdon Static Inverter Plant) 350 (0/350) 500 1000 2015 Completion due April 2015 [70]
Labrador-Island Link Canada - Muskrat Falls, NL Canada - Soldiers Pond, NL 1135
(35/1100)
350 900 ~2017 Thyr Drilling for cable landfall began in 2014.
Supplier: Alstom Grid
[71][72]
Maritime Link Canada - Bottom Brook, NL 48°31′52″N 58°15′39″W / 48.53111°N 58.26083°W / 48.53111; -58.26083 (Bottom Brook substation) Canada - Woodbine, NS
45°59′30″N 60°16′26″W / 45.99167°N 60.27389°W / 45.99167; -60.27389 (Woodbine Substation)
360
(170/190)
200 500 ~2017 IGBT Supplier: ABB [73][74][75]
TransWest Express USA – Rawlins, WY USA – Las Vegas, NV 1165
(0/1165)
600 3000 Final EIS expected in September 2014. [76][77]
Rock Island Clean Line USA - O'Brien County, IA USA - Grundy County, IL 805
(0/805)
600 3,500 ~2017 Thyr Supplier: Siemens [78]
Plains & Eastern Clean Line USA - Texas County, OK USA - Shelby County, TN 1207
(0/1207)
600 3,500 ~2018 Thyr [79]

South America[edit]

Name
Converter
station 1
Converter
station 2
Total Length (Cable/Pole)
(km)

Volt (kV)
Power (MW)
Year
Type
Remarks
Ref
Itaipu 1 Brazil - Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná
25°27′58″S 54°32′33″W / 25.46611°S 54.54250°W / -25.46611; -54.54250 (Itaipu DC Transmission - Foz do Igacu Static Inverter Plant)
Brazil - São Roque, São Paulo
23°40′2″S 47°6′19″W / 23.66722°S 47.10528°W / -23.66722; -47.10528 (Itaipu DC Transmission - Sao Roque Static Inverter Plant)
785
(0/785)
600 3150 1984 Thyr Supplier: ABB  [1]
Itaipu 2 Brazil - Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná
25°27′58″S 54°32′33″W / 25.46611°S 54.54250°W / -25.46611; -54.54250 (Itaipu DC Transmission - Foz do Igacu Static Inverter Plant)
Brazil - São Roque, São Paulo
23°40′2″S 47°6′19″W / 23.66722°S 47.10528°W / -23.66722; -47.10528 (Itaipu DC Transmission - Sao Roque Static Inverter Plant)
805
(0/805)
600 3150 1987 Thyr Supplier: ABB  [1]
Rio Madeira Brazil, Porto Velho
08°54′53″S 63°57′27″W / 8.91472°S 63.95750°W / -8.91472; -63.95750 (HVDC Rio Madeira - Porto Velho Static Inverter Plant)
Brazil, Araraquara
21°49′59″S 48°20′52″W / 21.83306°S 48.34778°W / -21.83306; -48.34778 (HVDC Rio Madeira - Araraquara Static Inverter Plant)
2375
(0/2375)
600 7100 2013 Thyr The longest transmission link in the world
Suppliers: ABB
[80]

Back to back[edit]

Name
Location
Volt (kV)
Power (MW)
Year
Type
Remarks
Ref
Carnegie Steel Company B2B USA - Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania  ?  ?  ? Merc built for an interconnection between 60 Hz-utility system and a 25 Hz System, dismantled [7]
Sakuma B2B Japan - Sakuma
35°04′57″N 137°47′56″E / 35.08250°N 137.79889°E / 35.08250; 137.79889 (Sakuma HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
125 300 1965 Merc replaced in 1993 by new converter using light-triggered thyristors
Eel River B2B Canada - Eel River, NB
48°01′05″N 66°26′39″W / 48.01806°N 66.44417°W / 48.01806; -66.44417 (Eel River Static Inverter Plant)
80 320 1972 Thyr life extension project 2014  [81][82]
Shin Shinano B2B Japan - Shin Shinano
36°08′14″N 137°52′58″E / 36.13722°N 137.88278°E / 36.13722; 137.88278 (Shin Shinano HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
125 600 1977 Thyr Supplier: Toshiba, Hitachi
Acaray B2B Paraguay - Ciudad de Este
25°27′26″S 54°37′26″W / 25.45722°S 54.62389°W / -25.45722; -54.62389 (Ciudad de Este HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
25.6 50 1981 Thyr  
Vyborg B2B Russia - Vyborg
60°40′49″N 28°55′7″E / 60.68028°N 28.91861°E / 60.68028; 28.91861 (Vyborg HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
85 1065 1982 Thyr  
Dürnrohr B2B Austria - Dürnrohr
48°19′46″N 15°52′48″E / 48.32944°N 15.88000°E / 48.32944; 15.88000 (GK Durnrohr)
145 550 1983 Thyr shut down in October 1996, dismantled in 2007
Artesia, New Mexico (Eddy County HVDC B2B) B2B USA - Artesia, NM
32°48′51.7″N 104°14′29.6″W / 32.814361°N 104.241556°W / 32.814361; -104.241556 (Artesia HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
82 200 1983 Thyr  
Chateauguay B2B Canada – Châteauguay, QC
45°15′11″N 73°52′11″W / 45.25306°N 73.86972°W / 45.25306; -73.86972 (Chateauguay HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
140 1000 1984 Thyr  Control system upgrade by ABB in 2009 [83][84]
Oklaunion B2B USA - Oklaunion, TX
34°5′6″N 99°11′1″W / 34.08500°N 99.18361°W / 34.08500; -99.18361 (Oklaunion HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
82 200 1984 Thyr ABB replacement in 2014 [85][86]

 ||

Blackwater, New Mexico B2B USA - Blackwater, NM
34°18′3″N 103°10′27″W / 34.30083°N 103.17417°W / 34.30083; -103.17417 (Blackwater HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
57 200 1984 Thyr  Valve cooling and control systems upgrade by ABB in 2009 [87][88]
Madawaska, Quebec B2B Canada - Dégelis, QC
47°30′31″N 68°31′25″W / 47.50861°N 68.52361°W / 47.50861; -68.52361 (Deglis HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
140 350 1985 Thyr  
Miles City, Montana B2B USA - Miles City, MT
46°24′31″N 105°47′36″W / 46.40861°N 105.79333°W / 46.40861; -105.79333 (Miles City HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
82 200 1985 Thyr  
Highgate, VT B2B USA - Highgate, VT
44°56′17″N 73°3′15″W / 44.93806°N 73.05417°W / 44.93806; -73.05417 (Highgate HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
56 200 1985 Thyr Refurbishment by ABB in 2012, [89] 
Uruguaiana B2B Brazil - Uruguaiana
29°48′22″S 57°0′17″W / 29.80611°S 57.00472°W / -29.80611; -57.00472 (Uruguaiana HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
17.9 53.9 1986 Thyr  
Broken Hill B2B Australia - Broken Hill
31°59′10″S 141°25′9″E / 31.98611°S 141.41917°E / -31.98611; 141.41917 (Broken Hill HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
8.33 40 1986 Thyr  
Virginia Smith B2B USA - Sidney, NE
41°9′51″N 102°59′15″W / 41.16417°N 102.98750°W / 41.16417; -102.98750 (Virginia Smith HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
50 200 1988 Thyr   [90]
Vindhyachal B2B India - Vindhyachal
24°05′38″N 82°40′44″E / 24.09389°N 82.67889°E / 24.09389; 82.67889 (Vindhyachal HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
176 500 1989 Thyr  
McNeill B2B Canada - Mc Neill, AB
50°35′56″N 110°01′25″W / 50.59889°N 110.02361°W / 50.59889; -110.02361 (McNeill HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
42 150 1989 Thyr Supplier: Alstom
Wolmirstedt B2B Germany - Wolmirstedt
52°16′21″N 11°38′10″E / 52.27250°N 11.63611°E / 52.27250; 11.63611 (GK Wolmirstedt ( never in use))
160 600 (1992) Thyr construction work was stopped after reunification, static inverter hall is today part of a recycling yard
Etzenricht B2B Germany - Etzenricht
49°37′52″N 12°6′56″E / 49.63111°N 12.11556°E / 49.63111; 12.11556 (GKK Etzenricht)
160 600 1993 Thyr shut down in October 1995, dismantled in 2009
Vienna-Southeast B2B Austria - Vienna
48°7′22″N 16°25′6″E / 48.12278°N 16.41833°E / 48.12278; 16.41833 (GK Wien-Sudost)
142 600 1993 Thyr shut down in October 1996, dismantled in 2007
Chandrapur B2B India - Chandrapur
20°5′21″N 79°8′36″E / 20.08917°N 79.14333°E / 20.08917; 79.14333 (Chandrapur HVDC back-to-back converter station)
205 2x500 1998 Thyr Supplier: Alstom
Welsh HVDC Converter Station B2B USA - Titus County, TX
33°03′30.3″N 94°50′36.54″W / 33.058417°N 94.8434833°W / 33.058417; -94.8434833 (Welsh Power Plant)
162 600 1998 Thyr  
Garabi HVDC Brazil - Garabi
28°15′19″S 55°40′18″W / 28.25528°S 55.67167°W / -28.25528; -55.67167 (Garabi HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
±70 2200 1999 Thyr Brazil-Argentina Interconnection. Supplier: ABB In 2002, the second phase 'Garabi 2' was supplied by ABB . [8]
Vizag 1 India - Visakhapatnam Gazuwaka
17°38′33″N 83°7′57″E / 17.64250°N 83.13250°E / 17.64250; 83.13250 (Vizag I HVDC back-to-back converter station)
205 500 1999 Thyr Supplier: Alstom
Minami-Fukumitsu B2B Japan - Minami - Fukumitsu
36°29′46″N 136°54′57″E / 36.49611°N 136.91583°E / 36.49611; 136.91583 (Minami-Fukumitsu HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
125 300 1999 Thyr  
Rivera B2B Uruguay - Rivera
30°56′29″S 55°33′34″W / 30.94139°S 55.55944°W / -30.94139; -55.55944 (Rivera HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
22 70 2000 Thyr Supplier: Alstom
Eagle Pass, Texas B2B USA - Eagle Pass, TX
28°42′58.8″N 100°29′26.88″W / 28.716333°N 100.4908000°W / 28.716333; -100.4908000 (Eagle Pass HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
15.9 36 2000 IGBT  
Sasaram B2B India - Sasaram
25°07′42″N 83°42′29″E / 25.12833°N 83.70806°E / 25.12833; 83.70806 (Sasaram HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
205 500 2003 Thyr Supplier: Alstom
Rapid City DC Tie B2B USA - Rapid City, SD
44°00′37″N 103°9′54″W / 44.01028°N 103.16500°W / 44.01028; -103.16500 (Rapid City HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
13 200 2003 Thyr [9] Archived 27 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine
Vizag 2 India - Visakhapatnam
17°38′26″N 83°8′10″E / 17.64056°N 83.13611°E / 17.64056; 83.13611 (Vizag II HVDC back-to-back converter station)
176 500 2005 Thyr   Installed at Gazuwaka. Supplier:ABB. This is similar in specs to Vizag I and connects the Eastern and Southern grids. [91]
Lingbao B2B China - Lingbao
34°32′56″N 110°50′49″E / 34.54889°N 110.84694°E / 34.54889; 110.84694 (Lingbao HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
168 360 2005 Thyr  Supplier: NR(Protection&Control), Extension project 2010:  Supplier: ABB) [92][93]
Lamar Co., Colorado B2B USA - Lamar, CO
38°12′25.08″N 102°31′43.92″W / 38.2069667°N 102.5288667°W / 38.2069667; -102.5288667 (Lamar HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
63.6 210 2005 Thyr Supplier: Siemens; Combination of B2B HVDC & Grid Power Flow Controller (GPFC) [94]
Higashi-Shimuzu B2B Japan - Shimuzu
35°03′24″N 138°29′58″E / 35.05667°N 138.49944°E / 35.05667; 138.49944 (Higashi-Shimuzu HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
125 300 2006 Thyr  
Sharyland B2B USA - Mission, TX
26°10′01″N 98°19′25″W / 26.16694°N 98.32361°W / 26.16694; -98.32361 (Sharyland HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
21 150 2007 Thyr  
Al Fadhili B2B Saudi Arabia - Al Fadhili
26°54′3″N 49°21′3″E / 26.90083°N 49.35083°E / 26.90083; 49.35083 (Al Fadhili HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
222 3x600 2008 Thyr Used mainly for Dynamic Reserve Power Sharing rather than economic energy transfer. Supplier: Alstom [10]
Outaouais B2B Canada - Buckingham, QC
45°36′01″N 75°26′47″W / 45.60028°N 75.44639°W / 45.60028; -75.44639 (Outaouais HVDC back-to-back station)
315 625 (2x) 2009 Thyr   Expected completion 2009. Supplier:ABB [34]
Heihe B2B China - Heihe
50°15′19″N 127°25′37″E / 50.25528°N 127.42694°E / 50.25528; 127.42694 (Heihe HVDC back-to-back station)
125 750 2008 Thyr  Supplier: NR(Protection&Control) [11]
Gaoling B2B China - Gaoling
40°10′49″N 120°00′22″E / 40.18028°N 120.00611°E / 40.18028; 120.00611 (Gaoling HVDC back-to-back station)
1500 2008? Thyr
Shandong - East B2B China 1200 2011 Thyr
Melo B2B Uruguay - Melo
32°25′05″S 54°05′40″W / 32.41806°S 54.09444°W / -32.41806; -54.09444 (Melo HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
 ? 500 2011 Thyr Supplier:Alstom
North - Central B2B China 1000 2012 Thyr
Rio Madeira B2B Brazil – Porto Velho
8°54′46″S 63°57′27″W / 8.91278°S 63.95750°W / -8.91278; -63.95750 (Rio Madeira Porto Velho HVDC Back-to-back station)
100 800 2013 Thyr Supplier: ABB[12] [95][96][97][98]
Ridgefield B2B ( Hudson Project) USA - Ridgefield, NJ
40°49′56″N 74°00′44″W / 40.83222°N 74.01222°W / 40.83222; -74.01222 (Ridgefield HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
185 660 2013 Thyr
Bheramara B2B Bangladesh – Bheramara 24°04′03″N 89°0′04″E / 24.06750°N 89.00111°E / 24.06750; 89.00111 (Bheramara HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant) 158 500 2013 Thyr
Akhaltsikhe B2B Georgia - Akhaltsikhe
41°38′58″N 42°59′13″E / 41.64944°N 42.98694°E / 41.64944; 42.98694 (Akhaltsikhe HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
96 700 2013 Thyr Supplier: Siemens [13]
Mackinac B2B USA - Saint Ignace, MI
~45°51′31″N 84°44′09″W / 45.85861°N 84.73583°W / 45.85861; -84.73583 (Mackinac HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
70 200 2014 IGBT Supplier: ABB [14]
Railroad DC Tie USA - Mission, TX
26°10′01″N 98°19′25″W / 26.16694°N 98.32361°W / 26.16694; -98.32361 (Railroad DC Tie Static Inverter Plant)
21 150 2014 Thyr  
Mogocha B2B Russia - Mogocha
53°43′30″N 119°47′22″E / 53.72500°N 119.78944°E / 53.72500; 119.78944 (Mogocha HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
 ?  ? 2014 Thyr   [15]
Alytus B2B Lithuania - Alytus
54°26′19″N 23°58′02″E / 54.43861°N 23.96722°E / 54.43861; 23.96722 (Alytus HVDC back-to-back Static Inverter Plant)
 ? 500 2015  ?
Tres Amigas SuperStation USA - Clovis, NM  ? 5000  ? IGBT

Maps[edit]

Europe[edit]

  Existing
  Under construction
  Options under consideration
Medium to large HVDC interconnections in western Europe.
  1. Iceland – UK (option), 1.1 GW
  2. Moyle: Auchencrosh, UK – Ballycronan More, Northern Ireland, UK
  3. Norway – UK (option), 1.2 GW
  4. Viking cable (option): Germany – Norway, 600 MW
  5. Kattegat (option): Norway – Zealand, Denmark; or Norway – southern Sweden
  6. Fenno-Skan: Rauma, Finland – Dannebo, Sweden
  7. Vyborg
  8. Estlink: Harku, Estonia – Espoo, Finland
  9. NorNed: Feda, Norway – Eemshaven, Netherlands
  10. Cross-Skagerrak 1, 2, and 3: Tjele, Denmark – Kristiansand, Norway
  11. Konti-Skan 1 and 2: VesterHassing, Denmark – Stenkullen, Sweden
  12. Gotland: Västervik, Sweden – Ygne, Sweden
  13. NordE.ON 1: Diele, Germany – Borkum 2 platform, Germany
  14. StoreBælt: Fyn, Denmark – Zealand, Denmark
  15. (purposely left blank)
  16. SwePol: Stärnö, Sweden – Wierzbięcin (Słupsk), Poland
  17. Baltic Cable: Lübeck- Herrenwyk, Germany – Kruseberg, Sweden
  18. Kontek: Bjæverskov, Denmark – Bentwisch, Germany
  19. East West Interconnector: Leinster, Ireland – Anglesey, Wales, UK
  20. BritNed: UK – Netherlands. Operational since April 2011.
  21. HVDC Cross-Channel: Les Mandarins, France – Sellindge, UK
  22. HVDC Italy–Corsica–Sardinia: "SACOI" – Codrongianos, Sardinia, Italy – Lucciana, Corsica, France – Suvereto, Italy (mainland)
  23. Sapei, Sardinia – Italian mainland
  24. Cometa: Valencia, SpainMallorca, Spain
    25 — 28 EuroMed options:
  25. Algeria – Spain
  26. Algeria – Sardinia
  27. Tunis – Sicily
  28. Tripoli – Sicily
  29. HVDC Italy-Greece: Arachthos, Greece – Galatina, Italy

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az HVDC Projects List, March 2012 - Existing or Under Construction (PDF), accessed in February 2014
  2. ^ Cahora Bassa, accessed in February 2014
  3. ^ ABB wins $50 million HVDC order in Mozambique, accessed in February 2014
  4. ^ Inga-Kolwezi – One of the world's longest electric power transmissions, accessed in February 2014
  5. ^ ABB wins $107 million power order in Africa, accessed in February 2014
  6. ^ Report on Congo DRC – SOCIETE NATIONALE D'ELECTRICITE, accessed in February 2014
  7. ^ "ABB commissions Caprivi link". 1 January 2011. Retrieved February 2014. 
  8. ^ "HVDC Inter-Island Link Project - Transpower". Transpower New Zealand. Retrieved February 2014. 
  9. ^ Basslink Homepage, accessed in February 2014
  10. ^ Joerg Dorn; Dietmar Retzmann; Cristen Schimpf; Dag Soerangr (2007-11-06). "HVDC Solutions for System Interconnection and Advanced Grid Access". EPRI HVDC conference 2007-09-13 to 14 (Siemens): 44. Retrieved February 2014. 
  11. ^ Gezhouba - Shanghai, accessed in February 2014
  12. ^ Rihand - Delhi, accessed in February 2014
  13. ^ Chandrapur - Padghe – The first HVDC transmission to Mumbai., accessed in February 2014
  14. ^ "ROLE OF THREE GORGES - CHANGZHOU HVDC IN INTERCONNECTING CENTRAL AND EAST CHINA". ABB Asea Brown Boveri. Retrieved 2014-02-10. 
  15. ^ Three Gorges - Changzhou, accessed in February 2014
  16. ^ Three Gorges - Guangdong, accessed in February 2014
  17. ^ Three Gorges - Shanghai, accessed in February 2014
  18. ^ Xiangjiaba - Shanghai, accessed in February 2014
  19. ^ Hulunbeir - Liaoning, accessed in February 2014
  20. ^ Nanhui Wind Farm Integration, accessed in February 2014
  21. ^ Jinping - Sunan: The most powerful transmission line in the world, accessed in February 2014
  22. ^ Dalian City Infeed, accessed in February 2014
  23. ^ North-East Agra, accessed in February 2014
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Sources[edit]

  • Vijay K. Sood. HVDC and FACTS Controllers: Applications Of Static Converters In Power Systems. Springer-Verlag. p. 2. ISBN 978-1-4020-7890-3.