This is a
list of Haitians, born in Haiti or possessing Haitian citizenship, notable in Haiti and abroad. Due to Haitian nationality laws, dual citizenship is now permitted by the Constitution of Haiti, therefore people of Haitian ancestry born outside of the country are not included in this list, unless they have renounced their foreign citizenship or have resided extensively in Haiti and made significant contributions to Haitian government or society. The list includes both native born and naturalized Haitians, as well as permanent foreign residents who have been recognized internationally for artistic, cultural, economic, historical, criminal, and political reasons, among others. If not indicated here, their birth in Haiti and notability are mentioned in their main article. This list does not include fictional characters or Haitian associations and organizations.
Anthropologists [ edit ]
Artists [ edit ]
Athletes [ edit ]
Foutbòl [ edit ]
Other sports [ edit ]
Business [ edit ]
Entertainment [ edit ]
Historical personalities [ edit ]
Alix Pasquet - a World War II fighter pilot, one of only three Haitian members of the Tuskegee Airmen
Charles Terres Weymann - racing pilot and businessman
Anacaona - was a Taíno cacica (chief) at the time of arrival of Christopher Columbus.
Cécile Fatiman - Vodou priestess and a figure of the Haitian Revolution.
Charlemagne Péralte, nationalist leader who opposed the U.S. Invasion.
Clairvius Narcisse, man said to have been turned into a living zombie by a combination of drugs.
Dutty Boukman, slave who was one of the most visible early leaders of the Haitian Revolution.
François Mackandal – (Vodou priest) and rebel slave leader houngan
Georges Biassou – rebel slave
Jean Baptiste Point du Sable - Founder of Chicago born in Saint-Domingue, the modern-day Haiti.
Jean-Baptiste Chavannes (soldier) - Haitian soldier and abolitionist
Jean François – rebel slave
Jeannot – rebel slave
Joseph Philippe Lemercier Laroche, engineer and passenger on the ill-fated RMS Titanic
Macaya, a traitor
Magloire Ambroise, a hero of the Haitian Independence
Marie-Madeleine Lachenais - former First Lady of Haiti
Marie St. Fleur - U.S. Massachusetts State Representative
Michel François - a colonel in the Haitian army, notorious for plotting coup d'etat
Simone Duvalier – former First Lady of Haiti
Victoire Jean-Baptiste - a Haitian politician de facto, mistress to President Florvil Hyppolite
Literature [ edit ]
Beaubrun Ardouin - historian and politician
Boisrond-Tonnerre - the author of the Independence Act of Haiti
Carl Brouard – poet
Dany Laferrière – Haitian-Canadian novelist and journalist, member of the Académie française.
Edwidge Danticat – American author
Félix Morisseau-Leroy- Haitian/American Author, Writer, Educator, Activist, Poet, and Playwright
Frankétienne (born Franck Étienne) - author, poet, playwright, musician and painter. Candidate for Nobel Prize for Literature in 2009.
Garry Conille - is an author, academic, development worker, and former Prime Minister of Haiti
Gary Klang - poet and novelist
Georges Anglade- Geographer and writer
Jacques Stephen Alexis- Novelist
Jacques Roumain – writer and politician
Jean Dominique - journalist
Josaphat-Robert Large - poet, novelist and art critic
Max Hudicourt - journalist, lawyer and leading socialist politician
Michèle Bennett - First Lady of Haiti and the ex-wife of former President for Life of Haiti, Jean-Claude Duvalier.
Nathalie Handal - award-winning poet, writer, and playwright
Oswald Durand - was a Haitian poet and politician, said to be "to Haiti what Shakespeare is to England and Dante to Italy." [5 ]
René Depestre – poet and communist
Roger Dorsinville – poet, journalist, novelist, politician, and diplomat
Thomas Madiou - his work Histoire d'Haïti (English: History of Haiti) is considered one of the most valuable documents of Haitian literature
Medicine [ edit ]
Musicians and singers [ edit ]
Alan Cavé - kompa and zouk singer [ ] citation needed
Alexandrine-Caroline Branchu – French opera soprano (born in Cap-Français, Saint-Domingue; the modern-day Cap-Haïtien, Haiti)
Fabrice Rouzier - pianist, producer, and entrepreneur [ ] citation needed
Frantz Casseus, guitarist and composer
Jerry Duplessis, producer
Kangol Kid – American rapper
Lee Holdridge - Puerto Rican-American composer (born in Haiti)
Luck Mervil - songwriter-singer
MC Tee, rapper
Michel Martelly - singer, politician
Nicolas Geffrard – musician; composed Haitian national anthem
Sha Money XL, rapper [6 ]
Toto Bissainthe, folk music artist [ ] citation needed
Wyclef Jean - singer for The Fugees [ ] citation needed
Naturalists and Agronomists [ edit ]
Political figures [ edit ]
Alexandre Pétion – nationalist, revolutionary and first President of Haiti
André Apaid – politician and activist
André Rigaud - leading military leader during the Haitian Revolution. His protégés were Alexandre Pétion and Jean-Pierre Boyer, both presidents of Haiti.
Charlemagne Péralte – nationalist leader and revolutionary
Ertha Pascal-Trouillot - was the provisional President of Haiti for 11 months in 1990 and 1991. She was the first woman in Haitian history to hold that office.
Faustin Soulouque - Emperor of Haiti (Faustin I)
François Capois - Independence war hero
François Duvalier - former President for Life.
Henri Christophe - King of Haiti (King Henri I)
Jacques Nicolas Léger, lawyer, politician, diplomat
Jean-Bertrand Aristide, President of Haiti
Jean-Claude Duvalier – President of Haiti
Jean-Jacques Dessalines - Founding Father and Emperor of Haiti (Jacques I)
Jean-Pierre Boyer – soldier and President of Haiti
José Francisco Peña Gómez - Dominican politician and activist [7 ]
Julien Raimond – agriculturalist/planter and revolutionary
Mathieu Eugene, New York City councilman
Marc Bazin – United Nations diplomat and World Bank official
Michaëlle Jean, former Governor General of Canada
Michel Domingue, the President of Haiti from June 14, 1874 to April 15, 1876.
Michel Martelly - musician ( Sweet Micky) and current President of Haiti
Michèle Pierre-Louis - was Prime Minister of Haiti from September 2008 to November 2009. She was Haiti's second female ever to hold this position.
Muscadin Jean-Yves Jason, Mayor of Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
Phillip Brutus, first Haitian elected to the Florida state legislature
Philippe Derose - first Haitian elected to public office in the United States
Prosper Avril - President of Haiti from 1988 to 1990
Raoul Cédras - former military officer, and was de facto ruler of Haiti from 1991 to 1994.
Raymond Joseph - diplomat, political activist and journalist. He was the Haitian ambassador to the United States from 2005 to 2010.
René Préval, President (2006-2011)
Ronald Brise, Florida House of Representative
Solange Pierre, was a human rights advocate in the Dominican Republic who worked to end antihaitianismo
Sténio Vincent, President of Haiti from November 18, 1930 to May 15, 1941.
Thomas-Alexandre Dumas, was a general in Revolutionary France and was the highest-ranking person of color of all time in a continental European army.
Toussaint Louverture – military general and leader of the slave rebellion in the Haitian revolution. He declared himself Governor for Life of Haiti.
Ulises Heureaux, President of the Dominican Republic (Haitian father) [7 ]
Vincent Ogé – revolutionary
Yolly Roberson - Florida State Representative
Religion [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]