List of Hammond organ players

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A Hammond C-3 organ

The Hammond organ is an electric organ invented by Laurens Hammond and John M. Hanert.[1] The instrument was first manufactured in 1935[2] and contains two manuals along with a set of bass pedals.[3] A variety of models have been produced; the most popular is the B-3, produced between 1954 and 1974.[4]

The instrument was originally designed to replace the pipe organ in churches, and early adopters included Henry Ford and George Gershwin,[5] but was not a popular replacement for classical music.[6] However, it was used in African American churches, and its use spread to gospel music and then to jazz in the 1950s. After losing popularity in the jazz world in the 1970s, it subsequently regained its use in the genre and has become the second most used keyboard instrument in jazz after the piano.[7] Jimmy Smith popularised the Hammond organ, and its technique of using drawbars and pedals.[8]

Having found success in jazz, the Hammond organ became popular in rhythm and blues, including Booker T & The MGs and other Stax Records artists.[9] From there, it became used in rock music, with users including Ian McLagan, Matthew Fisher, Steve Winwood,[10][11] Mike Finnigan, Gregg Allman[12] and Jon Lord.[13] It became a significant instrument in progressive rock during the early 1970s,[14] and became a featured instrument in ska and reggae.[15] Although the original Hammond Organ Company collapsed, it was purchased by the Suzuki Musical Instrument Corporation who continued to manufacture the instrument using several former staff for research and development.[16] Jazz organists including Joey DeFrancesco and Barbara Dennerlein have continued to feature the Hammond organ in 21st century jazz.[17][18]


A[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Don Airey in Israel.JPG Don Airey b. 1948 C-3
A-100
Rainbow
Ozzy Osbourne
Deep Purple[19]
Used Jon Lord's old C-3 upon joining Deep Purple, but prefers the A-100.[20]
Gregg Allman at City Stages 2006.jpg Gregg Allman b. 1946 B-3 The Allman Brothers Band Was given a brand new B-3 and Leslie 122RV when the band was formed.[21]
Devil Amos in the Red Dress.jpg Tori Amos b. 1963 B-3 Y Kant Tori Read Played a Hammond on her 2005 album The Beekeeper.[22]
Rod Argent.jpg Rod Argent b. 1945 B-3 The Zombies
Argent[23]
Solo on 1972 hit single "Hold Your Head Up" cited by Rick Wakeman as "the greatest organ solo ever".[24]
Lorenzo Piani con Brian Auger.jpg Brian Auger b. 1939 L-100 Julie Driscoll Played without a Leslie speaker.[25]

B[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Banks.jpg Tony Banks b. 1950 L-122
T-102
Genesis Bought an L-122 when the band was formed,[26] which was replaced by a T-102.[27]
Van der Graaf Generator @ Bluesfest.jpg Hugh Banton b. 1949 E-100 Van der Graaf Generator Played a Hammond E-100 organ that he personally modified with customised electronics.[28]
Graham Bond 1937–1974 Don Rendell Quintet
Blues Incorporated
The Graham Bond Organisation
An early adopter of the Hammond in the UK, playing it on stage as early as 1962.[29]
Jamesbrown4.jpg James Brown 1933–2006[30]
Milt Buckner 1915–1977 B3[31] The Hammond Organ Trio Pioneered the use of the Hammond organ in jazz.[32] Always used a bass player because he was simply too short to reach the bass pedals.[33]
RabbitBundrick1974.png John "Rabbit" Bundrick b. 1948 C3
XB-2
The Who
Free
Used a Hammond on loan from Pete Townshend when he started touring with The Who. Has since used an XB-2.[34]
Jerry Burke 1911–1965 Lawrence Welk Organist for Lawrence Welk from 1934 until his death. Published several volumes of organ arrangements.[35]

C[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Felix Cavaliere.JPG Felix Cavaliere b. 1942 The Young Rascals
Steven Van Zandt's Little Steven and the Disciples of Soul
Ringo Starr's All Star Band[36]
Elbernita "Twinkie" Clark b. 1954 A US gospel singer, composer, musician, and evangelist dubbed "the Queen of the B-3". Has performed in The Clark Sisters and as a solo artist.[37]
Rob Collins 1965–1996 The Charlatans[38]
Vital Information (4032212350).jpg Tom Coster b. 1941[39] B-3[40] Santana
John McLaughlin[41]
Vincent Crane 1943–1989 C-3 The Crazy World of Arthur Brown
Atomic Rooster[42]
JesseCrawford-Wurlitzer.jpg Jesse Crawford 1895–1962 A US pianist and organist well known in the 1920s as a theatre organist for silent films. In the 1930s, he switched to the Hammond, and also used the chord organ.[43]

D[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Jackie Davis 1920–1999 B-3[44]
031 Lionel Hampton (4), Wild Bill Davis, Chubby Jackson.jpg Wild Bill Davis 1918–1995[45] American jazz pianist, organist, and arranger.[46]
Lenny Dee.png Lenny Dee 1923–2006 A
B-3
transistor models
An American pop/easy listening/boogie-woogie/jazz organist whose career spanned six decades and 56 albums; he had a Top 20 hit in 1955 with "Plantation Boogie". Used various tonewheel and transistor Hammonds, and was a strong critic of the company.[47]
Joey Defrancesco 2002.JPG Joey DeFrancesco b. 1971 B-3 An American jazz organist and trumpeter. Down Beat's 2003 Critics Poll selected him as "top jazz organist". Mentored by Jimmy Smith, he has performed with Miles Davis and John McLaughlin.[48]
PapaJohnDeFrancesco.jpg 'Papa' John DeFrancesco b. 1940 B-3[49] Father of Joey DeFrancesco.
BarbaraDennerlein2010.jpg Barbara Dennerlein b. 1964 B-3 Has achieved particular critical acclaim for use of the bass pedals,[17] and mixing the Hammond with samples. Has won the Down Beat "Talent Deserving of Wider Recognition" title five times, and is a three-time recipient of the German Critics Award.[50]
Tyrone Downie b. 1956 Bob Marley & The Wailers Used on "No Woman, No Cry" on the album Live![51]

E[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Charles Earland 1941–2000[52][53] Grover Washington, Jr.
Keith Emerson & Moog 15May10.jpg Keith Emerson b. 1944 L-100
C-3
The Nice
Emerson, Lake & Palmer
Emerson, Lake & Powell
Infamously abused an L-100 on stage, sticking knives in the instrument.[54]
Jethro-Tull-9-73(2).jpg John Evan b. 1948 C-3 Jethro Tull[55]

F[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Georgie Fame 2009.jpg Georgie Fame b. 1943 M-100 Georgie Fame and the Blue Flames Pioneer of British rhythm and blues through his performances at the Flamingo Club, London in the mid-1960s.[56]
DannyFedericiBoston2007.jpg Danny Federici 1950–2008 B-3 Bruce Springsteen's E Street Band[57]
Mike Finnigan b. 1945 Jimi Hendrix[58]
Matthew Fisher b. 1946 M-100 Procol Harum Co-wrote and recorded A Whiter Shade of Pale.[59]
Henry Ford 1863–1947 A[5]

G[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Mick Gallagher Photo Ph.BRIZARD.jpg Mick Gallagher b. 1945 C-3 Ian Dury, The Blockheads, The Animals, Peter Frampton, The Clash[60]
George Gershwin 1937.jpg George Gershwin 1898–1937 A[5]
Larry Goldings.jpg Larry Goldings b. 1968 B-3[61]
Dave Greenfield b. 1949 L-100 The Stranglers[62]
Greenslade Wissen 2011.JPG Dave Greenslade b. 1943 Greenslade
Colosseum
Focused on Hammond organ in Greenslade while Dave Lawson played synthesizers.[63]

H[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Jon Hammond at XK-1 Hammond Organ JAZZKELLER FRANKFURT.jpg Jon Hammond Endorsed by Hammond-Suzuki.[64]
Atsuko Hashimoto B-3 with one or two Leslie speakers Plays in jazz trios with a drummer and either a saxophonist or a guitarist.[65]
Alexander Hawkins b. 1981 As part of the trio Decoy.[66]
Isaac hayes 1973.jpg Isaac Hayes 1942–2008[67] B-3 Stax Records Used on Hot Buttered Soul.[68]
Ken Hensley&Sunrize - ROCK ON THE ROCKS TOUR 2011 - Sofia - 27.jpg Ken Hensley b. 1945 Uriah Heep[69]
Milt Herth[70] 1902–1969[71]
Christopher Holland[72] Brother of Jools Holland.[73]
Richard "Groove" Holmes 1931–1991 B-3,Concorde[74]
John Hondorp b. 1964 A-100/B3/HX3 Unit Records [75]

I[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Doug Ingle Iron Butterfly Started with a Vox organ and later moved to Hammond.[76]

J[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
BookerT-KitchenerBluesFest1.JPG Booker T. Jones[77] b. 1944[78] M-1
M-3
B-3[79]
Booker T. & the M.G.'s, Dirty Dozen Brass Band, Stephen Stills, Otis Redding, Drive By Truckers, The Mar-Keys, Rancid Played an M-3 on the 1962 R&B hit "Green Onions".[77]
John Paul Jones playing alongside Seasick Steve at the Roundhouse (8700800098).jpg John Paul Jones b. 1946 C-3
SK-1
Led Zeppelin[80]

K[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Tony Kaye.jpg Tony Kaye b. 1946[81] Yes
Badger[82]
Kooper at keyboards 2013.jpg Al Kooper b. 1944[83] Blood, Sweat and Tears
Bob Dylan
Played a Hammond on Like A Rolling Stone.[84]
Joe Krown Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown Played with Brown from 1992 to 2005.[85]

L[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Eddie Layton 1925–2004 Promoted the Hammond as a touring demonstrator and played at the Yankee Stadium for years.[86]
Ron Levy[87] b. 1951 B-3[88]
Jon2 sunflower 2007.JPG Jon Lord 1941–2012 C-3 Deep Purple Founding member of Deep Purple, played a C-3 through a Marshall amplifier.[13]

M[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Ray Manzarek 1939–2013[89] C-3 (1968-) B-3 (1971-) The Doors Hes first Hammond was a birthday present from the band to Ray in `68. He has played on Vox Continental Organ (V301H), Gibson Kalamazoo (G101), Fender Rhodes Piano Bass (Gold/Silver Sparkle), RMI Electra-Piano, and a Wurlitzer Electric Piano (140 Series), and a Fender Rhodes Electric Piano (MKI 73) as well.
Hank Marr[90] 1927–2004[91] B-3
X66[92]
Page-McConnell.jpg Page McConnell b. 1963[93] B-3 Phish[94]
Jack McDuff[95] 1926–2001 Also known as "Brother" Jack McDuff. An early collaborator with George Benson.[96]
Jimmy McGriff.jpg Jimmy McGriff[97] 1936–2008 B-3 Bought a B-3 in 1956, having already accomplished several other instruments.[98]
Goldy McJohn Steppenwolf[99]
Ron "Pigpen" McKernan 1945–1973 B-3 Grateful Dead Upgraded from a Vox Continental to a B-3 in 1968.[100]
IanMcLagen.jpg Ian McLagan 1945-2014[101] M-100 Small Faces[10]
Faces
Rolling Stones)[102]
John Medeski Innsbruck.JPG John Medeski[103] b. 1965[104] Medeski Martin & Wood
Lee Michaels 1973.jpg Lee Michaels[105] b.1945 Often played as a duo, with the Hammond covering all sounds except drums.[106]
MoneyMarklive.jpg Money Mark Beastie Boys[107]
Brent Mydland 1952–1990[108] B-3 Grateful Dead[109]

O[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Mike Oldfield NOTP 2006.jpg Mike Oldfield b. 1953 On Tubular Bells,[110] and Tubular Bells II.[111]

P[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Don Patterson[112] 1936–1988[113]
Big John Patton[114]
Ian Stewart and Billy Preston with The Rolling Stones (1975).jpg Billy Preston 1946–2006[115] B-3 The Beatles[116]
The Rolling Stones[115]
Alan Price b. 1942[117] The Animals
Alan Price Set[118]
Started off with a Vox Continental organ.

R[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Doug Riley 1945–2007 Known as "Doctor Music".[119][120]
Billy Ritchie 1–2–3
Clouds[121]
Gregg Rolie with Ringo Starr All Starrs 2012.jpg Gregg Rolie b. 1947[122] B-3 Santana
Journey[123]

S[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Merl Saunders 1934–2008 Jerry Garcia[124]
PhotoRhodaScottpro.JPG Rhoda Scott[125]
Shirley Scott[126] 1934–2002 B-3[127]
Paul Shaffer 1992 crop.jpg Paul Shaffer b. 1949[128] B-3 Blues Brothers
David Letterman[129]
Dave Sinclair[130] b.1947 A-100 Caravan[131]
Ethel Smith 1902[132]-1996[133] A Known as the "first lady of the Hammond organ".[134]
Jimmy Oscar Smith Hammond.JPG Jimmy Smith 1925–2005 B-3 Influential recordings for Blue Note in the late 1950s inspired several organists who became successful in the 1960s and 70s.[8]
Johnny "Hammond" Smith[135] 1933–1997[136] B-3[137]
Dr. Lonnie Smith on Hammond, NAMM 2013.jpg Dr. Lonnie Smith[138] b. 1942[139]
Mark Stein of Vanilla Fudge.jpg Mark Stein B-3 Vanilla Fudge[140]
Dave Stewart L-100 Egg
Hatfield and the North
National Health
Bruford[141]

T[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Kevin Rowland.jpg Mick Talbot Dexy's Midnight Runners
Style Council[142]
JTQ4.jpg James Taylor C-3 James Taylor Quartet[143]
Chester Thompson B-3 Santana
Tower of Power[144]

V[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Earl Van Dyke 1930–1992[145] The Funk Brothers Backed many Motown hits.[146]
Thijsvanleer.jpg Thijs van Leer b. 1948[147] L-100
XB-3[148]
Focus[149]

W[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Rickwakemanmoog.jpg Rick Wakeman b. 1949 L-100
C-3
Yes
Strawbs
English Rock Ensemble[150]
Fats Waller edit.jpg Fats Waller 1904–1943[151] A Started his career on pipe organ, then became an early adopter of the Hammond.[152]
Peter Weltner b. 1952 New B-3
soloist
Organ-drums duo[153]
Steve Winwood on Hammond 2, Hangout Music Festival 2012.jpg Steve Winwood b. 1948 Spencer Davis Group
Traffic
Blind Faith[154]
Rickwright.jpg Rick Wright 1943–2008 M-100 Pink Floyd Founding member of Pink Floyd, upgraded from a Farfisa Compact Duo to an M-100 on stage in 1970.[155]

Y[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Larry Young 1940–1978 B-3[156]

References[edit]

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Bibliography

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