List of Hasidic dynasties

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Main article: Hasidic Judaism

A Hasidic dynasty is a dynasty led by Hasidic Jewish spiritual leaders known as rebbes,[1] and usually has some or all of the following characteristics:

  1. Each leader of the dynasty is often known as an ADMOR[2] (abbreviation for ADoneinu MOreinu Rabeinu - "our master, our teacher and our rabbi") or simply as Rebbe (or "the Rebbe"), and at times called the "Rav" ("rabbi"), and sometimes referred to in English as a "Grand Rabbi";
  2. The dynasty continues beyond the initial leader's lifetime by succession (usually by a family descendant);
  3. The dynasty is usually named after a key town in Eastern Europe where the founder may have been born or lived, or where the group began to grow and flourish;
  4. The dynasty has (or once had) followers who, through time, continue following successive leaders (rebbes) or may even continue as a group without a leader by following the precepts of a deceased leader.

A Hasidic group has the following characteristics:

  1. It was founded by a leader who did not appoint or leave a successor;
  2. It may be named after a key town in Eastern Europe where the founder may have been born or lived, or where the group began to grow and flourish, or it may be named after the founder himself;
  3. It has followers who continue as a group under the direction of rabbis who teach and interpret the precepts of the deceased founder.

Dynasties with larger following[edit]

Hasidic dynasties (arranged alphabetically) with a large following include:

Name Current (or last) Rebbe Founder Headquartered In City/Town of Origin
Belz Yissachar Dov Rokeach Sholom Rokeach (1781–1855) Jerusalem, Israel Belz, Galicia, Austria-Hungary / Poland (now in Ukraine)
Bobov Ben Zion Aryeh Leibish Halberstam;
Mordechai Dovid Unger
Shlomo Halberstam of Bobov (1847–1905) Borough Park, Brooklyn Bobowa and Sanz, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (now in Poland)
Chabad Lubavitch Menachem Mendel Schneerson (1902–1994) Schneur Zalman of Liadi (1745–1812) Crown Heights, Brooklyn Lubavitch, Russia
Ger Yaakov Aryeh Alter (b. 1939) Yitzchak Meir Alter (1799–1866) Jerusalem, Israel Góra Kalwaria, Russian Empire (now in Poland)
Karlin, or Karlin-Stolin Baruch Meir Yaakov Shochet Aaron ben Jacob of Karlin (1736–1772) Givat Zeev, West Bank;
Jerusalem, Israel
Karlin, Belarus
Sanz Klausenberg Tzvi Elimelech Halberstam;
Shmuel Dovid Halberstam
Chaim Halberstam of Sanz (1796–1876) Boro Park, Brooklyn;
Kiryat Sanz, Netanya, Israel
Cluj-Napoca, Hungary (now in Romania), and Sanz, Galicia (now in Poland)
Satmar Aaron Teitelbaum (b. 1947);
Zalman Leib Teitelbaum (b. 1952)
Yoel Teitlebaum (1887-1979) Kiryas Joel, New York;
Williamsburg, Brooklyn
Satu Mare, Hungary (now in Romania)
Skver David Twersky (b. 1940) Yitzchak Twersky New Square, New York Skvira, Russian Empire (now in Ukraine)
Vizhnitz Yisrael Hager;
Mordechai Hager
Menachem Mendel Hager of Kosov (1830–1884) Bnei Brak, Israel;
Kaser, New York
Vyzhnytsia, Bukovina, Austria-Hungary (now in Ukraine)

Dynasties with smaller following[edit]

Hasidic dynasties (arranged alphabetically) with a small following include:

Name Current (or last) Rebbe Founder Headquartered In City/Town of Origin
Aleksander Yisroel Tzvi Yair Danziger Yechiel Dancyger (1828–1894) Bnei Brak, Israel Aleksandrów Łódzki, Poland
Ungvar Amram Klein Yossef Elimelech Khanh (1931) Brooklyn, USA Ungvar, Hungary
Amshinov Yosef Kalish;
Yaakov Aryeh Milikowsky
Yaakov Dovid Kalish of Amshinov (1814–1878) Borough Park, Brooklyn;
Jerusalem, Israel
Mszczonów, Poland
Ashlag Simcha Avraham Ashlag Yehuda Leib Ha-Levi Ashlag (1885–1954) Bnei Brak, Israel Warsaw, Poland
Berditchev Levi Yitzchok of Berditchev (1740–1810) Berdychiv, Ukraine
Bergsass Aaron Pollak Abraham Alter Pollak (died 2007) Elad, Israel Beregszász, Hungary (now Ukraine)
Biala Avraham Yerachmiel Rabinowicz;
Yaakov Menachem Rabinowicz;
Aaron Rabinowicz
Yitzchok Yaakov Rabinowicz (died 1905) Jerusalem, Israel;
Bnei Brak, Israel;
Borough Park, Brooklyn
Biała Podlaska, Poland
Boston Pinchas David Horowitz;
Mayer Alter Horowitz;
Naftali Yehuda Horowitz;
Chaim Avrohom Horowitz
Pinchas David Horowitz (1876–1941) Brookline, Massachusetts;
Jerusalem, Israel
Boston
Boyan Nachum Dov Brayer Yitzchok Friedman (1850–1917) Jerusalem, Israel Boiany, Bukovina (now in Ukraine)
Chernobyl several Menachem Nachum Twerski of Chernobyl (1730–1797) Bnei Brak, Israel;
Ashdod, Israel;
Boro Park, Brooklyn
Chernobyl, Ukraine
Dorog Yisroel Moshe Rosenfeld Shmuel Frenkel-Komarda of Dorog Bnei Brak, Israel Hajdudorog, Hungary
Dushinsky Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky (1st) (1865–1948) Jerusalem, Israel Jerusalem, Israel
Machnovka Yehoshua Rokeach Yosef Meir Twersky of Machnovka Bnei Brak, Israel Machnovka, Ukraine
Melitz Naftali Asher Yeshayahu Moscowitz Yaakov Horowitz of Melitz
(son of Naftali Zvi of Ropshitz)
Ashdod, Israel Mielec, Galicia (now in Poland)
Modzitz Chaim Shaul Taub Yechezkel Taub of Kuzmir (1755–1856) Bnei Brak, Israel Dęblin, Poland
Munkacz Moshe Leib Rabinovich Shlomo Spira ("Shem Shlomo") of Munkacz Borough Park, Brooklyn Munkács, Hungary (now in Ukraine)
Krasna Shulem Yosef Fried Hillel Lichtenstein ("Kavunas Halev") of Krasna Borough Park, Brooklyn Krasna, Romania (now in Hungary)
Nadvorna several Mordechai Leifer (1835–1894) Bnei Brak, Israel Nadvirna, Galicia (now in Ukraine)
Nikolsburg Yosef Yechiel Mechel Lebovits Shmuel Shmelke ben Hirsh Halevi Horowitz of Nikolsburg (1726–1778), Monsey, New York Nikolsburg, Moravia
Novominsk Yaakov Perlow Borough Park, Brooklyn Mińsk Mazowiecki, Poland
Pinsk-Karlin Aryeh Rosenfeld Aharon the Great of Karlin (1736–1772) Jerusalem, Israel Karlin, Belarus
Puppa Yaakov Yechezkia Greenwald Moshe Greenwald Williamsburg, Brooklyn Pápa, Hungary
Rachmastrivka Yitzchak Twerski;
David Twerski
Yochanan Twerski of Rachmastrivka Boro Park, Brooklyn;
Jerusalem, Israel
Rachmastrivka, Ukraine
Radzin or Izhbitza - Radzin Shlomo Yosef Englard Mordechai Yosef Leiner of Izhbitza Bnei Brak, Israel Izbica, Poland;
Radzyń Podlaski, Poland
Sadigura Tzvi Yisrael Moshe Friedman Avrohom Yaakov Friedman of Sadigura (1820–1883) Bnei Brak, Israel Sadagóra, Bukovina (now in Ukraine)
Shomer Emunim
Toldos Aharon
Toldos Avrohom Yitzchok
Avrohom Chaim Roth;
Dovid Kohn;
Shmuel Yaakov Kohn
Aharon Roth ("Reb Ahrele") (1894–1947) Kiryat Shomrei Emunim, Jerusalem
Mea Shearim, Jerusalem
Jerusalem, Israel
Slonim Shmuel Brozovosky;
Avrohom Weinberg
Avraham of Slonim Jerusalem, Israel;
Bnei Brak, Israel
Slonim, Belarus
Skolye Avrohm Moshe Rabinowitz Borough Park, Brooklyn Skole, Galicia, Ukraine
Skulen Yisroel Avrohom Portugal Eliezer Zusia Portugal (1898–1982) Borough Park, Brooklyn Sculeni, Bessarabia (now in Moldova)
Spinka several Joseph Meir Weiss (1838–1909) Williamsburg, Brooklyn;
Jerusalem, Israel;
Bnei Brak, Israel
Săpânţa, Maramureş, Romania
Stropkov Avrohom Sholom Halberstam II Avrohom Sholom Halberstam (1856–1940) Jerusalem, Israel;
Bnei Brak, Israel;
Ramle, Israel;
Williamsburg, Brooklyn
Stropkov, Austria-Hungary (now in Slovakia)
Zvhil (See also Zvhil-Mezbuz) Avraham Goldman;
Shlomo Goldman;
Yitzhak Aharon Korff
Moshe of Zvhil (died 1831) Jerusalem, Israel;
Union City, New Jersey;
Boston, Massachusetts
Zvyahel, Volhynia (now Novohrad-Volynskyi, Ukraine)

Other dynasties[edit]

Many of these dynasties have presently few or no devotees due to most of the Hasidic groups being destroyed during the Holocaust, 1939-1945. Other communities are flourishing and have growing Hasidic sects. There are many dynasties whose followers number around five to fifteen people, and are not listed here.

A[edit]

B[edit]

C[edit]

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E[edit]

F[edit]

G[edit]

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K[edit]

L[edit]

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N[edit]

O[edit]

P[edit]

R[edit]

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T[edit]

U[edit]

V[edit]

Y[edit]

Z[edit]

Hasidic groups (non-dynastic)[edit]

Name Founder Headquartered In City/Town of Origin
Breslov Nachman of Breslov (1772-1810) Jerusalem, Israel Bratslav, Ukraine
Malachim Chaim Avraham Dov Ber Levine haCohen (1860–1938) Williamsburg, Brooklyn Brooklyn, New York
Rybnitza Chaim Zanvl Abramowitz (d. 1995) Monsey, New York Rybnitsa, Moldova/Transnistria
Vien Klonumos Karl Richter Williamsburg, Brooklyn Vienna, Austria

References[edit]

  • Rabinowicz, Tzvi M. The Encyclopedia of Hasidism ISBN 1-56821-123-6 Jason Aronson, Inc., 1996.
  • Alfasi, Yitschak. החסידות מדור לדור Hachasidut miDor leDor (2 vols)
  1. ^ "Hasidism". World Book 9. 2012. p. 82. 
  2. ^ Ettinger, Yair (Jan 1, 2013). "Hasidic leader Yaakov Friedman, the Admor of Sadigura, dies at 84". Haaretz. Retrieved Oct 14, 2013.