List of heads of state of Panama

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President of the Republic of Panama
Presidente de la República de Panama
Coat of arms of Panama.svg
Presidential Seal
Presidential Flag of Panama.svg
Presidential Standard
Jcvarela.jpg
Incumbent
Juan Carlos Varela

since 1 July 2014
Residence Palacio de las Garzas
Term length Five years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Manuel Amador Guerrero
Formation 20 February 1904
Website Presidencia de la República
Coat of arms of Panama.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Panama

This page lists presidents of Panama since independence in 1840 and in 1903.

Short-lived first independence (1840–41)[edit]

President of the Municipal Council of Panama and de facto President (1903)[edit]

Members of the Provisional Government Junta (1903–4)[edit]

Presidents of Panama (1904-Present)[edit]

# President Took office Left office Party
1 Manuel Amador Guerrero Amador Guerrero, Manuel.jpg 20 February 1904 1 October 1908 Conservative Party
2 José Domingo de Obaldía Jose Domingo de Obaldía.jpg 1 October 1908 1 March 1910 National Liberal Party
Carlos Antonio Mendoza (acting) Carlos Antonio Mendoza.jpg 1 March 1910 1 October 1910 National Liberal Party
Federico Boyd (acting) FBoyd4.jpg 1 October 1910 5 October 1910 National Liberal Party
Pablo Arosemena (acting) Pabloarosemena.jpg 5 October 1910 1 October 1912 National Liberal Party
3 Belisario Porras Barahona Belisario Porras Barahona.gif 1 October 1912 1 October 1916 National Liberal Party
4 Ramón Maximiliano Valdés RMvaldes7.jpg 1 October 1916 3 June 1918 National Liberal Party
Ciro Luis Urriola (acting) 8CiroU.jpg 3 June 1918 1 October 1918 National Liberal Party
Pedro Antonio Díaz (acting) Pedro Antonio Díaz.jpg 1 October 1918 12 October 1918 Conservative Party
5 Belisario Porras Barahona Belisario Porras Barahona.gif 12 October 1918 30 January 1920 National Liberal Party
Ernesto Tisdel Lefevre (acting) Ernesto Tisdel Lefevre.jpg 30 January 1920 1 October 1920 National Liberal Party
6 Belisario Porras Barahona Belisario Porras Barahona.gif 1 October 1920 1 October 1924 National Liberal Party
7 Rodolfo Chiari Rodolfo Chiari.jpg 1 October 1924 1 October 1928 National Liberal Party
8 Florencio Harmodio Arosemena Florencio Harmodio Arosemena.jpg 1 October 1928 3 January 1931 National Liberal Party
Harmodio Arias Madrid (acting) Coat of arms of Panama.svg 3 January 1931 16 January 1931 None
9 Ricardo Joaquín Alfaro Jované Ricardo J. Alfaro.jpg 16 January 1931 5 June 1932 National Liberal Party
10 Harmodio Arias Madrid Coat of arms of Panama.svg 5 June 1932 1 October 1936 National Revolutionary Party
11 Juan Demóstenes Arosemena Coat of arms of Panama.svg 1 October 1936 16 December 1939 National Liberal Party
Ezequiel Fernández (acting) Coat of arms of Panama.svg 16 December 1939 18 December 1939 National Revolutionary Party
Augusto Samuel Boyd (acting) Coat of arms of Panama.svg 18 December 1939 1 October 1940 National Revolutionary Party
12 Arnulfo Arias Coat of arms of Panama.svg 1 October 1940 9 October 1941 National Revolutionary Party
13 Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango Coat of arms of Panama.svg 9 October 1941 15 June 1945 None
Enrique Adolfo Jiménez (provisional) Coat of arms of Panama.svg 15 June 1945 7 August 1948 National Liberal Party
14 Domingo Díaz Arosemena Coat of arms of Panama.svg 7 August 1948 28 July 1949 National Liberal Party
15 Daniel Chanis Pinzón Coat of arms of Panama.svg 28 July 1949 20 November 1949 National Liberal Party
16 Roberto Francisco Chiari Remón Coat of arms of Panama.svg 20 November 1949 24 November 1949 National Liberal Party
17 Arnulfo Arias Coat of arms of Panama.svg 24 November 1949 9 May 1951 Panameñista Party
18 Alcibíades Arosemena Coat of arms of Panama.svg 9 May 1951 1 October 1952 Authentic Revolutionary Party
19 José Antonio Remón Cantera Estatua de José Antonio Remón Cantera - Sede de la Policía Nacional de Panamá (2012).jpg 1 October 1952 2 January 1955 National Patriotic Coalition
20 José Ramón Guizado Coat of arms of Panama.svg 2 January 1955 29 March 1955 National Patriotic Coalition
21 Ricardo Arias Coat of arms of Panama.svg 29 March 1955 1 October 1956 National Patriotic Coalition
22 Ernesto de la Guardia Coat of arms of Panama.svg 1 October 1956 1 October 1960 National Patriotic Coalition
23 Roberto Francisco Chiari Remón Coat of arms of Panama.svg 1 October 1960 1 October 1964 National Liberal Party
24 Marco Aurelio Robles Coat of arms of Panama.svg 1 October 1964 1 October 1968 National Liberal Party
25 Arnulfo Arias Coat of arms of Panama.svg 1 October 1968 11 October 1968 Panameñista Party
26 José María Pinilla Fábrega and
Bolívar Urrutia Parrilla
Coat of arms of Panama.svg 12 October 1968 18 December 1969 Military
27 Demetrio B. Lakas Coat of arms of Panama.svg 19 December 1969 11 October 1978 None
28 Aristides Royo Coat of arms of Panama.svg 11 October 1978 31 July 1982 Democratic Revolutionary Party
29 Ricardo de la Espriella De-la-espriella-crop.jpg 31 July 1982 13 February 1984 Democratic Revolutionary Party
30 Jorge Illueca Coat of arms of Panama.svg 13 February 1984 11 October 1984 None
31 Nicolás Ardito Barletta Vallarino Coat of arms of Panama.svg 11 October 1984 28 September 1985 Democratic Revolutionary Party
Eric Arturo Delvalle (acting) Coat of arms of Panama.svg 28 September 1985 26 February 1988 Republican Party
Manuel Solís Palma (acting) Coat of arms of Panama.svg 26 February 1988 1 September 1989 Democratic Revolutionary Party
Francisco Rodríguez (provisional) Coat of arms of Panama.svg 1 September 1989 20 December 1989 Democratic Revolutionary Party
32 Guillermo Endara Guillermo Endara 1993.jpg 20 December 1989 1 September 1994 Panameñista Party
33 Ernesto Pérez Balladares Coat of arms of Panama.svg 1 September 1994 1 September 1999 Democratic Revolutionary Party
34 Mireya Moscoso Mireya Moscoso.jpg 1 September 1999 1 September 2004 Panameñista Party
35 Martín Torrijos Panama.MartinTorrijos.01.jpg 1 September 2004 1 July 2009 Democratic Revolutionary Party
36 Ricardo Martinelli Ricardo Martinelli Presidente de Panamá.jpg 1 July 2009 1 July 2014 Democratic Change
37 Juan Carlos Varela Jcvarela.jpg 1 July 2014 Incumbent Panameñista Party

Military (de facto) leaders of Panama (1968-1989)[edit]

From 1968 to 1989, the commandant of the Panamanian Defense Forces (known as the National Guard until 1983) was the de facto leader of Panama.

Latest election[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Juan Carlos Varela Panameñista Party 724,440 39.07
José Domingo Arias Democratic Change 582,122 31.40
Juan Carlos Navarro Democratic Revolutionary Party 522,141 28.16
Juan Jované Independent 11,123 0.60
Genaro López Broad Front of Democracy 10,966 0.59
Esteban Rodríguez Independent 2,243 0.12
Gerardo Barroso Independent 1,618 0.09
Invalid/blank votes 31,821
Total 1,886,208 100
Registered voters/turnout 76.77
Source: Election Tribunal (99.95% of polling stations counted)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]