Outline of Hungary

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The location of Hungary
An enlargeable map of the Republic of Hungary

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Hungary:

Hungary is a landlocked sovereign country located in the Carpathian Basin of Central Europe, bordering Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, and Slovenia.[1] Its capital is Budapest. Hungary is a member of OECD, NATO, EU and a Schengen state. The official language is Hungarian (also known as Magyar), which forms part of the Uralic family. It is one of the four official languages of the European Union that is not of Indo-European origin.

Following a Celtic (after c. 450 BC) and a Roman (9 BC - c. 4th century) period, the foundation of Hungary was laid in the late Ninth Century by the Magyar chieftain Árpád, whose great grandson István ascended to the throne with a crown sent from Rome in 1000. The Kingdom of Hungary existed with minor interruptions for more than 900 years, and at various points was regarded as one of the cultural centers of the Western world. It was succeeded by a Communist era (1947–1989) during which Hungary gained widespread international attention regarding the Revolution of 1956 and the seminal move of opening its border with Austria in 1989, thus accelerating the collapse of the Eastern Bloc. The present form of government is a parliamentary republic (since 1989). Hungary's current goal is to become a developed country by International Monetary Fund standards, having become already developed by most traditional measures, including GDP and HDI[2] (world ranking 36th and rising). The country's first ever term of EU presidency is due in 2011.[3]

Hungary was one of the 15 most popular tourist destinations in the world in the past decade,[4][5] with a capital regarded as one of the most beautiful in the world.[6][7] Despite its relatively small size, the country is home to numerous World Heritage Sites, UNESCO Biosphere reserves, the second largest thermal lake in the world (Lake Hévíz), the largest lake in Central Europe (Lake Balaton), and the largest natural grassland in Europe (Hortobágy National Park).

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable basic map of Hungary

Geography of Hungary[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Hungary
Main article: Geography of Hungary
 Slovakia 676 km
 Romania 443 km
 Austria 366 km
 Croatia 329 km
 Serbia 166 km
 Ukraine 103 km
 Slovenia 102 km
  • Coastline: none

Environment of Hungary[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Hungary

Natural geographic features of Hungary[edit]

Regions of Hungary[edit]

Ecoregions of Hungary[edit]

Main article: Ecoregions in Hungary

Administrative divisions of Hungary[edit]

Main article: Administrative divisions of Hungary
Counties of Hungary[edit]
Main article: Counties of Hungary
Subregions of Hungary[edit]
Main article: Subregions of Hungary
Municipalities of Hungary[edit]

Demography of Hungary[edit]

Main article: Demographics of Hungary

Government and politics of Hungary[edit]

Main article: Government of Hungary and Politics of Hungary

Branches of the government of Hungary[edit]

Main article: Government of Hungary

Executive branch of the government of Hungary[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Hungary[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Hungary[edit]

Foreign relations of Hungary[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Republic of Hungary is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Hungary[edit]

Main article: Law of Hungary

Military of Hungary[edit]

Main article: Military of Hungary

Local government in Hungary[edit]

Name of county County seat Area
(km²)
Population Population
density
Towns/
villages
Somogy Baranya Tolna Zala Vas Veszprém Győr-Moson-Sopron Heves Csongrád Békés Bács-Kiskun Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Komárom-Esztergom Nógrád Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg Hajdú-Bihar Fejér Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok Budapest PestCounties of Hungary 2006.png
About this image
Bács-Kiskun Kecskemét 8,445 541,584 64 119
Baranya Pécs 4,430 402,260 91 301
Békés Békéscsaba 5,631 392,845 70 75
Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Miskolc 7,247 739,143 102 355
Csongrád Szeged 4,263 425,785 100 60
Fejér Székesfehérvár 4,359 428,579 98 108
Győr-Moson-Sopron Győr 4,208 440,138 105 182
Hajdú-Bihar Debrecen 6,211 550,265 89 82
Heves Eger 3,637 323,769 89 119
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok Szolnok 5,582 413,174 74 75
Komárom-Esztergom Tatabánya 2,265 315,886 139 76
Nógrád Salgótarján 2,546 218,218 86 129
Pest Budapest 6,393 1,124,395 176 186
Somogy Kaposvár 6,036 334,065 55 244
Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg Nyíregyháza 5,936 583,564 98 228
Tolna Szekszárd 3,703 247,287 67 108
Vas Szombathely 3,336 266,342 80 216
Veszprém Veszprém 4,493 368,519 82 217
Zala Zalaegerszeg 3,784 269,705 78 257

History of Hungary[edit]

Main article: History of Hungary, Timeline of the history of Hungary, and Current events of Hungary

Culture of Hungary[edit]

Main article: Culture of Hungary

Art in Hungary[edit]

Sports in Hungary[edit]

Main article: Sports in Hungary

Economy and infrastructure of Hungary[edit]

Main article: Economy of Hungary

Education in Hungary[edit]

Main article: Education in Hungary

See also[edit]

Main article: Hungary

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Hungary