List of IBM products

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The following is a list of products, some notable, some less so, from the International Business Machines (IBM) Corporation and its predecessor corporations, beginning in the 1890s, and spanning punched card equipment, time clocks, and typewriters, via mainframe computers and minicomputers, to microprocessors, software, and more.

This list is eclectic; it includes, for example, the AN/FSQ-7, which was not a product in the sense of offered for sale, but was a product in the sense of manufactured - produced by the labor of IBM. Several machines manufactured for the Astronomical Computing Bureau at Columbia University are included, as are some machines built only as demonstrations of IBM technology. Missing are RPQs, OEM products (semiconductors, for example), supplies (punched cards, for example). That products are missing is not by fiat, but simply because no one has added them.

IBM sometimes uses the same number for a system and for the principal component of that system. For example, the IBM 604 Calculating Unit is a component of the IBM 604 Calculating Punch.

IBM also uses two different naming structures for its modern hardware products. Products are normally given a 3 or 4 digit machine type and a model number (can be a mix of letters and numbers). A product may also have a marketing or brand name. For instance, 2107 is the machine type for the IBM System Storage DS8000. While the majority of products are listed here by machine type, there are instances where only a marketing or brand name is used. Care should be taken when searching for a particular product as sometimes the type and model numbers overlap. For instance the IBM storage product known as the Enterprise Storage Server is machine type 2105, and the IBM printing product known as the IBM Infoprint 2105 is machine type 2705, so searching for an IBM 2105 could result in two different products - or the wrong product - being found.

IBM introduced the 80-column rectangular hole punched card in 1928. Pre-1928 machine models that continued in production with the new 80-column card format had the same model number as before. Machines manufactured prior to 1928 were, in some cases, retrofitted with 80-column card readers and/or punches thus there exist machines with pre-1928 dates of manufacture that contain 1928 technology.

This list is organized by classifications of both machines and applications, rather than by product name. Thus some (few) entries will be duplicated. The 1420, for example, is listed both as a member of the 1401 family and as a machine for Bank and finance.

IBM product names have varied over the years; for example these two texts both reference the same product.

  • Mechanical Key Punch, Type 1 (in Machine Methods of Accounting, IBM, 1936)
  • Mechanical Punch, Type 001 (in IBM Electric Punched Card Accounting Machines: Principles of Operation, IBM, 1946)

This article uses the name, or combination of names, most descriptive of the product. Product numbers include leading zeros; 080 not 80 for example. Thus the entry for the above is

  • IBM 001 — Mechanical Key Punch

Contents

Unit record equipment[edit]

Keypunches and verifiers[edit]

Sorters, Statistical, and derived machines[edit]

Collators[edit]

Reproducing Punch, Summary Punch, Gang Punch, and derived machines[edit]

Interpreters[edit]

Tabulators, Accounting machines, Printers[edit]

402 and known versions

404

405 and known versions

407 and known versions

------

Calculators[edit]

IBM 601

Time Equipment Division[edit]

Front cover of a sales catalog from January 1920. The cover also shows scales and a portable keypunch(2nd from bottom lower left)

IBM manufactured a surprising(!) range of clocks and other devices until 1958 when they sold the Time Equipment Division. See:

Typewriters and dictating equipment[edit]

Copier/Duplicators[edit]

The IBM line of Copier/Duplicators, and their associated service contracts, were sold to Eastman Kodak in 1988.[71]

World War II ordnance and related products[edit]

Other non-computer products[edit]

Computers based on vacuum tubes (1950s)[edit]

For these computers most components were unique to a specific computer and are shown here immediately following the computer entry.

  • IBM 305 — RAMAC: Random Access Method of Accounting and Control; 1956
    • IBM 305 — Processing Unit[87]
    • IBM 323 — IBM 305 Card Punch
    • IBM 340 — IBM 305 Power Supply
    • IBM 350 — IBM 305 Disk Storage[88]
    • IBM 370 — IBM 305 Printer (not to be confused with the much later System/370 computers)
    • IBM 380 — IBM 305 Console[88]
    • IBM 381 — IBM 305 Remote Printing Station
    • IBM 382 — IBM 305 Paper Tape Reader
    • IBM 407 — IBM 305 Accounting Machine (models R1, R2 used on-line)
  • IBM 610 — Automatic Decimal Point Computer; 1957[56][89]
  • IBM 650 — Magnetic Drum Data Processing Machine; 1954[90]
    • IBM 355 — IBM 650 RAMAC (Disk drive)[91]
    • IBM 407 — IBM 650 Accounting machine on-line
    • IBM 533 — IBM 650 Card Read Punch[92]
    • IBM 537 — IBM 650 Card Read Punch[93]
    • IBM 543 — IBM 650 Card Reader
    • IBM 544 — IBM 650 Card Punch
    • IBM 650 — IBM 650 Console Unit
    • IBM 652 — IBM 650 Disk and Magnetic Tape Control Unit[94]
    • IBM 653 — IBM 650 Auxiliary Unit (60 – 10-digit words of auxiliary storage, index registers, and decimal floating point)[95][96][97]
    • IBM 654 — IBM 650 Auxiliary Alphabetic Unit
    • IBM 655 — IBM 650 Power Unit[98]
    • IBM 727 — Magnetic Tape Reader/Recorder (7 Track – 6 data bits & 1 parity bit; 200 Characters/inch)[99]
    • IBM 838 — Inquiry Station[100]
  • IBM 701 — Electronic Data Processing Machine; 1952. Known as the Defense Calculator while in development.[101]
    • IBM 706 — IBM 701 Electrostatic Storage Unit (2048 – 36-bit words)[102]
    • IBM 711 — IBM 701 Card reader (150 cards/min); 1952[103]
    • IBM 716 — IBM 701 Printer (150 lines/min); 1952[104]
    • IBM 721 — IBM 701 Punched card recorder; 1952 (100 cards/min)[105]
    • IBM 726 — IBM 701 Dual Magnetic Tape Reader/Recorder (7 Track – 6 data bits & 1 parity bit; 100 Characters/inch)[106]
    • IBM 727 — Magnetic Tape Reader/Recorder (7 Track – 6 data bits & 1 parity bit; 200 Characters/inch)[107]
    • IBM 731IBM 701 Magnetic Drum Reader/Recorder; 1952[108]
    • IBM 736 — IBM 701 Power Frame #1[109]
    • IBM 737 — IBM 701/IBM 704/IBM 709 Magnetic Core Storage Unit (4096 – 36-bit words)[110]
    • IBM 740 — IBM 701/IBM 704/IBM 709 Cathode Ray Tube Output Recorder[111]
    • IBM 741 — IBM 701 Power Frame #2[112]
    • IBM 746 — IBM 701 Power Distribution Unit[113]
    • IBM 753 — IBM 701 Magnetic Tape Control Unit[114]
    • IBM 780 — Cathode Ray Tube Display (used with IBM 740)
  • IBM 702 — Electronic Data Processing Machine; 1953[115]
    • IBM 712 — IBM 702 Card Reader
    • IBM 717 — IBM 702 Printer
    • IBM 722 — IBM 702 Card Punch
    • IBM 727 — Magnetic Tape Reader/Recorder (7 Track – 6 data bits & 1 parity bit; 200 Characters/inch)[107]
    • IBM 732 — IBM 702 Magnetic Drum Storage Unit
    • IBM 752 — IBM 702 Tape Control Unit
    • IBM 756 — IBM 702 Card Reader Control Unit
    • IBM 757 — IBM 702 Printer Control Unit
    • IBM 758 — IBM 702 Card Punch Control Unit
  • IBM 704 — Data Processing System; 1956[116]
    • IBM 711 — Card Reader[103]
    • IBM 716 — Line Printer[104]
    • IBM 721 — Card Punch[105]
    • IBM 727 — Magnetic Tape Reader/Recorder (7 Track – 6 data bits & 1 parity bit; 200 Characters/inch)[107]
    • IBM 733 — Magnetic Drum
    • IBM 737 — IBM 701/IBM 704/IBM 709 Magnetic Core Storage Unit (4096 – 36-bit words, 6-bit BCD characters)[110]
    • IBM 738 — IBM 704/IBM 709 Magnetic Core Storage Unit (32768 – 36-bit words, 6-bit BCD characters)
    • IBM 740 — IBM 701/IBM 704/IBM 709 Cathode Ray Tube Output Recorder[111]
    • IBM 780 — Cathode Ray Tube Display (used with IBM 740)
  • IBM Card-to-Tape Converter (described in IBM 704 Reference manual)
    • IBM 714 — Card Reader
    • IBM 727 — Magnetic Tape Reader/Recorder (7 Track – 6 data bits & 1 parity bit; 200 Characters/inch)[107]
    • IBM 759 — Card Reader Control Unit
  • IBM Tape-to-Card Converter (described in IBM 704 Reference manual)
    • IBM 722 — Card Punch
    • IBM 727 — Magnetic Tape Reader/Recorder (7 Track – 6 data bits & 1 parity bit; 200 Characters/inch)[107]
    • IBM 758 — Control Unit
  • IBM Tape-controlled Printer (described in IBM 704 Reference manual)
    • IBM 717 — Printer
    • IBM 727 — Magnetic Tape Reader/Recorder (7 Track – 6 data bits & 1 parity bit; 200 Characters/inch)[107]
    • IBM 757 — Control Unit
  • IBM Tape-controlled Printer (described in IBM 704 Reference manual)
    • IBM 720 — Printer
    • IBM 727 — Magnetic Tape Reader/Recorder (7 Track – 6 data bits & 1 parity bit; 200 Characters/inch)[107]
    • IBM 719 — Printer (dot matrix, 60 print positions)[5]
    • IBM 730 — Printer (dot matrix, 120 print positions)[5]
    • IBM 760 — Printer Control Unit
  • IBM 705 — Data Processing System; 1954[117][118]
    • IBM 714 — Card Reader
    • IBM 717 — Printer
    • IBM 720 — Printer
    • IBM 722 — Card Punch
    • IBM 727 — Magnetic Tape Reader/Recorder (7 Track – 6 data bits & 1 parity bit; 200 Characters/inch)[107]
    • IBM 729 — Magnetic tape drive models 1 and 3 (7 Track – 6 data bits & 1 parity bit; 200/556/800 Characters/inch)
    • IBM 730 — Printer (dot matrix, 120 print positions)[5]
    • IBM 734 — Magnetic Drum Storage
    • IBM 754 — Tape Control
    • IBM 757 — Printer Control
    • IBM 758 — Card Punch Control
    • IBM 759 — Card Reader Control
    • IBM 760 — Control and Storage; connects 2 727 tape units and a 720A or 730A printer to CPU.
    • IBM 767 — Data Synchronizer
    • IBM 774 — Tape Data Selector
    • IBM 777 — Tape Record Coordinator
    • IBM 782 — Console
  • IBM 709 — Data Processing System; 1958[119]
    • IBM 711 — Card Reader[103]
    • IBM 716 — Printer[104]
    • IBM 721 — Card Punch[105]
    • IBM 729 — Magnetic tape drive (7 Track – 6 data bits & 1 parity bit; 200/556/800 Characters/inch)
    • IBM 733 — Magnetic Drum
    • IBM 737 — IBM 701/IBM 704/IBM 709 Magnetic Core Storage Unit (4096 – 36-bit words, 6-bit BCD characters)[110]
    • IBM 738 — IBM 704/IBM 709 Magnetic Core Storage Unit (32768 – 36-bit words, 6-bit BCD characters)
    • IBM 740 — IBM 701/IBM 704/IBM 709 Cathode Ray Tube Output Recorder[111]
    • IBM 755 — Tape Control Unit
    • IBM 766 — Data Synchronizer
    • IBM 780 — Cathode Ray Tube Display (used with IBM 740)

Solid-state computers based on discrete transistors (1960s)[edit]

Further information: IBM mainframe, IBM minicomputer.

IBM 1400 series: 1240, 1401, 1410, 1420, 1440, 1450, 1460, 7010[edit]

IBM 1620[edit]

  • IBM 1620 — Data Processing System; 1959

IBM 7030 (Stretch)[edit]

IBM 7070 series: 7070, 7072, 7074[edit]

  • IBM 7070 — Intermediate data processing system; 1960
  • IBM 7072 — Intermediate data processing system; 1962
  • IBM 7074 — Intermediate data processing system; 1961
    • IBM 729 — IBM 7070/IBM 7074 Magnetic tape Unit
    • IBM 1301 — IBM 7070/IBM 7074 Disk Storage
    • IBM 1302 — IBM 7070/IBM 7074 Disk Storage
    • IBM 7104 — IBM 7074 High Speed Processor
    • IBM 7150 — IBM 7070/IBM 7074 Console Control Unit
    • IBM 7300 — IBM 7070/IBM 7074 Disk Storage
    • IBM 7301 — IBM 7070/IBM 7074 Core Storage (5000/9990 – 10-digit words)
    • IBM 7340 — IBM 7070/IBM 7074 hypertape (7074 only)
    • IBM 7400 — IBM 7070/IBM 7074 Printer
    • IBM 7500 — IBM 7070/IBM 7074 Card Reader
    • IBM 7501 — IBM 7070/IBM 7074 Console Card Reader
    • IBM 7550 — IBM 7070/IBM 7074 Card Punch
    • IBM 7600 — IBM 7070/IBM 7074 Input-Output Control
    • IBM 7601 — IBM 7070 Arithmetic and Program Control
    • IBM 7602 — IBM 7070/IBM 7074 Core Storage Controller for IBM 7301
    • IBM 7603 — IBM 7070/IBM 7074 Input-Output Synchronizer
    • IBM 7604 — IBM 7070/IBM 7074 Tape Control
    • IBM 7605 — IBM 7070/IBM 7074 Disk Control
    • IBM 7631 — IBM 1410/IBM 7010, IBM 7070/IBM 7074, IBM 7080 File Control[4]
    • IBM 7640 — IBM 7074/IBM 7080 Hypertape Control[4]
    • IBM 7802 — IBM 7070/IBM 7074 Power Converter
    • IBM 7907 — IBM 7070/IBM 7074 Data Channel (8 bit)
  • IBM 7710 — Data Communication Unit
  • IBM 7711 — Data Communication Unit

IBM 7080[edit]

  • IBM 7080 — High-capacity business computer; 1961
    • IBM 729 — IBM 7080 Magnetic tape Unit
    • IBM 1301 — IBM 7080 Disk Storage
    • IBM 1302 — IBM 7080 Disk Storage
    • IBM 7153 — IBM 7080 Console Control Unit
    • IBM 7302 — IBM 7080 Core Storage (80000/160000 – 6-bit characters, check bit ; CBA8421)
    • IBM 7305 — IBM 7080 Core Storage Controller and I/O Controller for IBM 7302
    • IBM 7502 — IBM 7080 Console Card Reader[4]
    • IBM 7621 — IBM 7080 Tape Control (729)
    • IBM 7622 — IBM 7080 Signal Control (vacuum tube peripherals)
    • IBM 7631 — IBM 7080 File Control
    • IBM 7640 — IBM 7080 Hypertape Control
    • IBM 7800 — IBM 7080 Power Converter
    • IBM 7801 — IBM 7080 Power Control
    • IBM 7908 — IBM 7080 Data Channel (8 bit)

IBM 7090 series: 7040, 7044, 7090, 7094, 7094 II[edit]

  • IBM 7040 — Low-cost version of 7094; 1963[4] Included an extension to the 7090/7094 instruction set to handle character string(s) thus improving the speed of commercial applications (COBOL).
    • IBM 7106 — Processing Unit
    • IBM 1414 — IBM 7040 I/O Synchronizer
    • IBM 1401 — IBM 7040 card, printer, magnetic tape, tele-processing input/output
  • IBM 7044 — Low-cost version of 7094; 1963[4] This was a high performance version of the 7040 with the same extensions to the 7090/7094 instruction set; it also attached 7094 I/O devices.
    • IBM 7107 — Processing Unit
    • IBM 1414 — IBM 7040 I/O Synchronizer
    • IBM 1401 — IBM 7040 card, printer, magnetic tape, tele-processing input/output
  • IBM 7090 — High-capacity scientific computer; 1959[121]
  • IBM 7094 — Improved version of 7090; 1962
  • IBM 7094 II — Improved version of 7094; 1964
    • IBM 711 — IBM 7090/IBM Card Reader
    • IBM 716 — IBM 7090/IBM Printer
    • IBM 721 — IBM 7090/IBM Card Punch
    • IBM 729 — IBM 7090/IBM Magnetic tape Unit
    • IBM 1301 — IBM 7090/IBM
    • IBM 1302 — IBM 7090/IBM Disk Storage
    • IBM 7151 — IBM 7090 Console Control Unit
    • IBM 7151-2 — IBM 7094 Console Control Unit
    • IBM 7302 — IBM 7090/IBM 7094/IBM 7094 II Core Storage (32768 – 36-bit words, 6-bit BCD characters)
    • IBM 7340 — IBM 7090/IBM 7094 Hypertape
    • IBM 7606 — IBM 7090/IBM 7094/IBM 7094 II Multiplexer and Core Storage Controller for IBM 7302
    • IBM 7607 — IBM 7090 Data Channel
    • IBM 7608 — IBM 7090 Power Converter
    • IBM 7617 — IBM 7090/IBM 7094 Data Channel Console
    • IBM 7618 — IBM 7090 Power Control
    • IBM 7631 — IBM 7090 File Control
    • IBM 7640 — IBM 7090 Hypertape Control
    • IBM 7909 — IBM 7090/IBM Data Channel (8 bit)
    • IBM 2361NASA's Manned Spacecraft Center IBM 7094 II Core Storage Unit (524288 – 36-bit words); 1964[122]

Later Solid state computers & systems[edit]

Computers based on SLT or discrete IC CPUs (1964 to 1989)[edit]

  • IBM 1130 — high-precision scientific computer; 1965
  • IBM 2020System/360 Model 20 Central Processing Unit; almost a 360: 1966
  • IBM 2022 — System/360 Model 22 Central Processing Unit; small range 360
  • IBM 2025 — System/360 Model 25 Central Processing Unit; small range 360
  • IBM 2030 — System/360 Model 30 Central Processing Unit; small range 360
  • IBM 2040 — System/360 Model 40 Central Processing Unit; small range 360
  • IBM 2044 — System/360 Model 44 Central Processing Unit; scientific 360; business with special feature
  • IBM 2050 — System/360 Model 50 Central Processing Unit; mid range 360
  • IBM 2060 — System/360 Models 60 and 62 Central Processing Unit; mid-range 360; announced but never released
  • IBM 2064 — System/360 Models 64 and 66 Central Processing Unit; mid range 360; multi-processor with virtual memory (DAT); announced but never released
  • IBM 2065 — System/360 Model 65 Central Processing Unit; mid range 360: used by NASA in Apollo project
  • IBM 2067 — System/360 Model 67 Central Processing Unit; mid range 360; multi-processor with virtual memory (DAT)
  • IBM 2070 — System/360 Model 70 Central Processing Unit; high range 360
  • IBM 2075 — System/360 Model 75 Central Processing Unit; high range 360
  • IBM 2091 — System/360 Model 91 Central Processing Unit; high range 360
  • IBM 2095 — System/360 Model 95 Central Processing Unit; high range 360
  • IBM 3031System/370 mainframe; high range
  • IBM 3032 — System/370 mainframe; high range
  • IBM 3033 — System/370 multiprocessor complex; high range; 1977
  • IBM 3081 — System/370 mainframe; high range; models: D, G, G2, GX, K (1981), K2, KX (2 = enhanced version); 1980
  • IBM 3083 — System/370 mainframe, single processor 3081; high range; models: B (1982), B2, BX, CX, E (1982), E2, EX, J (1982), J2, JX
  • IBM 3084 — System/370 mainframe; high range; 3081 + 3081 with same serial number, but two on/off switches; models: Q 2-way, Q 2-way2, QX 2-way, Q 4-way, Q 4-way2, QX 4-way; 1982
  • IBM 3090 — System/370 mainframe; high range; J series supersedes S series. Models: 150, 150E, 180, 200 (1985), 400 2-way (1985), 400 4-way (1985), 600E (1987), 600S (1988). A 400 actually consists of two 200s mounted together in a single frame. Although it provides an enormous computing power, some limits, like CSA size, are still fixed by the 16MB line in MVS.
  • IBM 3115 — System/370 Model 115 Central Processing Unit; small range
  • IBM 3125 — System/370 Model 125 Central Processing Unit; small range
  • IBM 3135 — System/370 Model 135 Central Processing Unit; small range
  • IBM 3145 — System/370 Model 145 Central Processing Unit; small range
  • IBM 3155 — System/370 Model 155 Central Processing Unit; mid range; without virtual memory [DAT] unless upgraded to 155-II
  • IBM 3165 — System/370 Model 165 Central Processing Unit; mid range; without virtual memory [DAT] unless upgraded to 165-II
  • IBM 3138 — System/370 Model 138 Central Processing Unit; small range;
  • IBM 3148 — System/370 Model 148 Central Processing Unit; small range;
  • IBM 3158 — System/370 Model 158 Central Processing Unit; mid range;
  • IBM 3168 — System/370 Model 168 Central Processing Unit; mid range;
  • IBM 3195 — System/360 Model 195 or System/370 Model 195 Central Processing Unit; high range; without virtual memory [DAT]
  • IBM 3741 — data station; 1973
  • IBM 3790 — distributed computer; announced 1975
  • IBM 4300 — series of System/370 mainframe models; 1979
    • IBM 4321 — System/370 mainframe; low range; successor of 4331
    • IBM 4331 — System/370 mainframe; low range; 1979
    • IBM 4341 — System/370 mainframe; mid range; 1979
    • IBM 4361 — System/370 mainframe; low range; 1983
    • IBM 4381 — System/370 mainframe; mid range; 1983
  • IBM 5100 — portable computer; evolution of the 1973 SCAMP (Special Computer APL Machine Portable) prototype; 1975
  • IBM 5110 — portable computer; models 1, 2 & 3 featured a QIC tape drive, and then floppy disk drives; 1978
  • IBM 5120 — portable computer; featured two built-in 8 inch 1.2 MB floppy disk drives; 1980
  • IBM 5320System/32, low-end business computer; 1975
  • IBM 5340System/34, System unit, successor of System/32, but had also a second System/3 processor; 1977[123]
  • IBM 5360System/36 System Unit
  • IBM 5362 — System/36 System Unit
  • IBM 5363 — System/36 System Unit
  • IBM 5381System/38 System Unit; 1978
  • IBM 5382 — System/38 System Unit
  • IBM 5410System/3 model 10 processor; for small businesses; 1969
  • IBM 5415 — System/3 model 15 processor; 1973
  • IBM 8100 — distributed computer; announced 1978
  • IBM 8150 — processor
  • IBM 9370 — series of System/370 mainframe models; partly replaced IBM 8100; low range; 1986
    • IBM 9371 — "Micro Channel 370" ESA models 010, 012, 014 (later 110, 112, 114); 1990
    • IBM 9373 — models 20, 30
    • IBM 9375 — models 40, 50, 60
    • IBM 9377 — models 80 and 90
  • IBM Series/1 — brand name for process control computers; 1976
  • IBM System/3 — brand name for small business computers; 1969
  • IBM System/36 — brand name for minicomputers; successor of System/34; 1983
  • IBM System/38 — brand name for minicomputers; indirect successor of IBM Future Systems project; 1979
  • IBM System/360 — brand name for mainframes; 1964
  • IBM System/370 — brand name for mainframes, successor of System/360; 1970
  • Application System/400 — brand name for computers, successor of System/38; 1988

Computers based on discrete IC CPUs (1990 to present)[edit]

Computers based on microprocessor CPUs (1981 to present)[edit]

Computers[edit]

  • IBM 5550 — Personal Computer Series for Japan, Korea, Taiwan and China
    • IBM 5510 — IBM JX (for Japan, Australia and New Zealand)
    • IBM 5511 — IBM JX (for Japan, Australia and New Zealand)
    • IBM 5530 — Smaller desktop, without communications adapter
    • IBM 5535 — Portable
    • IBM 5541 — Desktop
    • IBM 5551 — Floor standing
    • IBM 5561 — Larger floor standing

Supercomputers[edit]

Microprocessors[edit]

Solid State Computer peripherals[edit]

Punched card and paper tape equipment[edit]

Printer/plotter equipment and terminals[edit]

Data storage units[edit]

Core storage[edit]

  • IBM 2360 — Processor Storage for the IBM System/360 models 60 and 64
  • IBM 2361 — Large Capacity Storage for the IBM System/360 models 50, 60, 62, 65, 70, and 75
  • IBM 2362 — Processor Storage for the IBM System/360 models 62, 66, 68 and 70
  • IBM 2365 — Processor Storage for the IBM System/360 models 65, 67, 75 and 85
  • IBM 2385 — Processor Storage for the IBM System/360 model 85

Magnetic drum storage[edit]

Direct Access Storage Devices[edit]

In IBM's terminology beginning with the System/360 disk and such devices featuring short access times were collectively called DASD. The IBM 2321 Data Cell is a DASD that used tape as its storage medium. See also History of IBM magnetic disk drives.

  • IBM 350 — Disk drive for IBM 305 RAMAC
  • IBM 355 — Disk drive for IBM 7030 Stretch
  • IBM 355 — Disk drive for IBM 650
  • IBM 1301 — IBM 1240/1410/1440/1460/70XX - Disk drive; 1961
  • IBM 1302 — Disk drive
  • IBM 1311 — IBM 1240/1401/1410/1440/1450/1460/1620/7010/1710/7740 Disk drive using IBM 1316 disk pack
    • IBM 1316 — 2,000,000 character removable disk pack for 1311, 2311; 1962
  • IBM 1405 — Disk drive
  • IBM 1742 — IBM System Storage DS4500
  • IBM 1750 — IBM System Storage DS6000 Series
  • IBM 1814 — IBM System Storage DS4700
  • IBM 1815 — IBM System Storage DS4800
  • IBM 2073IBM Storwize V7000 Unified
  • IBM 2076IBM Storwize V7000
  • IBM 2105 — Enterprise Storage Server, or ESS, or Shark (utilized 7133)
  • IBM 2106 — Extender for IBM 2105 Shark
  • IBM 2107 — IBM System Storage DS8000 Series
  • IBM 2301 - Drum drive
  • IBM 2302 — Disk drive
  • IBM 2303 - Drum drive
  • IBM 2305-1 — Fixed head disk 3.0 MB/s Transfer rate, 5 MB capacity
  • IBM 2305-2 — Fixed head disk 1.5 MB/s Transfer rate, 10 MB capacity
  • IBM 2310 — Disk drive, single removable platter, 1 Megabyte
  • IBM 2311 — Disk drive using IBM 1316 disk pack (removable - 7.5 MB)
  • IBM 2314 — Disk drive using IBM 2316 disk pack (removable - 28,6 MB)
  • IBM 2316 — Disk pack for 2314 et al.
  • IBM 2319 — Disk Facility with 8 removable disks (229 MB in total)
  • IBM 2321 — Data Cell Tape cartridge Drive with removable cells (400 MB)
  • IBM 2421 — IBM System Storage DS8000 Series with 1 year warranty
  • IBM 2422 — IBM System Storage DS8000 Series with 2 years warranty
  • IBM 2423 — IBM System Storage DS8000 Series with 3 years warranty
  • IBM 2424 — IBM System Storage DS8000 Series with 4 years warranty
  • IBM 3310 — Fixed FBA drive
  • IBM 3330 — Disk drive. (95.4 MB each spindle, up to 32 spindles per "subsystem"); 1970
  • IBM 3330-11 — Disk drive. Double the density of 3330-1; 1973.
  • IBM 3333 — Disk drive, a variant of 3330
  • IBM 3336 — Disk pack for 3330-1, 3330-2; 1970
  • IBM 3336-11 — Disk pack for 3330-11; 1973
  • IBM 3340 — 'Winchester' type disk drive, removable. Model -4, more?; 1973
  • IBM 3344 — Four 3340's simulated with a 3350 HDA under the covers
  • IBM 3350 — Disk drive (317.10MB - 1976)
  • IBM 3363 — Optical disk drive
  • IBM 3370 — Fixed FBA drive (used to store microcode and config info for the 3090. Connected through 3092); native DASD for 4331, 4361 (70 MB - 1979).
  • IBM 3375 — Disk drive ("The Ugly Duckling" of IBM's DASD devices). 409.8 MB/actuator. First with dual-path access (via 'D' box)
  • IBM 3380 — Disk drive; 2.46 GB per each 2-drive module (1981), later double- and triple-density versions
  • IBM 3390 — Disk drive; 1, 2, 3 and 9 GB initially; later expanded to 27 GB
  • IBM 3830 — Storage control models 1 and 2
  • IBM 3851 — Mass storage controller. Robot arms retrieving cylindrical tape cartridges.
  • IBM 3880 — Dual-channel DASD controller for 3350,3375,3380. 1981. Later models with up to 64MB cache. First hard disk cache in the industry.
  • IBM 3990 — Quad-channel DASD controller for 3390.
  • IBM 4963 — Disk subsystem
  • IBM 4967 — High performance disk subsystem
  • IBM 5444 — Fixed/Removable disk file for System/3
  • IBM 7133SSA Disk Enclosure (for RS/6000)
  • IBM 7300IBM 7070/IBM 7074 Disk Storage
  • IBM 9331 — 8" Floppy disk drive
  • IBM 9332 — DASD; 1986
  • IBM 9333 — Serial Link Disk Subsystem
  • IBM 9335 — DASD which looks like a set of drawers. For AS/400 or System 36/38
  • IBM 9337 — Disk Array Subsystem; 1992
  • IBM 9345 — Disk Array Subsystem; employed commodity 5-1/4" hard drives; simulated 3390 hard disks but had a smaller track capacity

Magnetic tape storage[edit]

  • IBM 050 — Magnetic Data Inscriber (key operated, records on tape cartridge for IBM 2495 data entry into an IBM System 360)[129]
  • IBM 729 — Magnetic tape drive (7 Track – 6 data bits & 1 parity bit; 200/556/800 Characters/inch)
  • IBM 2401 — Magnetic tape drive (7 Track - 6 data bits & 1 parity bit; 200/556/800 Characters/inch)
  • IBM 2401 — Magnetic tape drive (9 Track – 8 data bits & 1 parity bit; 800/1600 Characters/inch)
  • IBM 2415 — Magnetic tape drive (9 Track – 8 data bits & 1 parity bit; 800/1600 Characters/inch)
  • IBM 2420 — Magnetic tape drive (9 Track – 8 data bits & 1 parity bit)
  • IBM 2440 — Magnetic tape drive (9 Track – 8 data bits & 1 parity bit)
  • IBM 2495 — Tape Cartridge Reader (reads IBM 050 prepared cartridges into an IBM System 360)[129]
  • IBM 3400-4 — Lower density tape
  • IBM 3400-6 — Normal tape
  • IBM 3410 — Magnetic tape drive (9 Track – 8 data bits & 1 parity bit); 1971
  • IBM 3411 — Magnetic tape unit and controller
  • IBM 3420 — Magnetic tape drive (9 Track – 8 data bits & 1 parity bit)
  • IBM 3422 — Magnetic tape drive (9 Track – 8 data bits & 1 parity bit); 1986
  • IBM 3424 — Tape unit. Brazil and SA only.
  • IBM 3430 — Top loading tape drive; 1983
  • IBM 3440 — Magnetic tape drive (9 Track – 8 data bits & 1 parity bit)
  • IBM 3480 — Cartridge tape drive; 1984
  • IBM 3490 — Cartridge tape drive; 1991
  • IBM 3494 — Enterprise tape library
  • IBM 3495 — Robotic tape library
  • IBM 3573 models L2U, L3S, F3S — TS3100 Tape Library
  • IBM 3573 models L4U, L2H, F3H — TS3200 Tape Library
  • IBM 3576 — TS3310 Tape Library
  • IBM 3577 — TS3400 Tape Library
  • IBM 3580LTO tape drive
  • IBM 3584 — TS3500 Tape Library
  • IBM 3588 model F3B — TS1030 Tape Drive; LTO3
  • IBM 3588 model F4A — TS1040 Tape Drive; 2007; LTO4; TS2340 is a standalone version
  • IBM 3590 — tape drive (Magstar)
  • IBM 3592 — TS1120 Tape Drive; model J1A known as Jaguar in 2004; model E05 in 2007
  • IBM 3803 — Magnetic tape drive (9 Track – 8 data bits & 1 parity bit)
  • IBM 3850 — Mass Storage System (MMS); 1974
  • IBM 3954 — TS7510 and TS7520 Virtualization Engines
  • IBM 3954 — TS7510 and TS7520 Virtualization Engines
  • IBM 3956 — TS7740 Virtualization Engine; models CC6 and CX6
  • IBM 3957 — TS7700 Virtualization Engine; model V06
  • IBM 4480 — Cartridge drives which could be mounted by a robot
  • IBM 4580 — System/88 disk drive
  • IBM 4581 — System/88 disk drive
  • IBM 4585 — Autoload streaming magnetic tape unit
  • IBM 4968 — Autoload streaming magnetic tape unit
  • IBM 6157 — Streaming tape drive
  • IBM 7208 — 8mm SCSI tape drive
  • IBM 7330 — Magnetic tape drive (7 Track – 6 data bits & 1 parity bit; 200/556 Characters/inch)
  • IBM 7340 — Hypertape
  • IBM 8809 — Magnetic tape unit
  • IBM 9347 — Magnetic tape drive (9 Track – 8 data bits & 1 parity bit)
  • IBM 9349 — Magnetic tape drive (9 Track – 8 data bits & 1 parity bit)

Optical storage[edit]

  • IBM 1360 — Photodigital Storage System (terabit)
  • IBM 3995 — Optical Library (terabyte)

Storage networking and virtualization[edit]

Coprocessor units[edit]

Input/Output control units[edit]

  • IBM 2210 — NWays Multiprotocol Router (router)
  • IBM 2701 — Data Adapter Unit (communication controller)
  • IBM 2702 — Transmission Control (communication controller)
  • IBM 2703 — Transmission Control (communication controller)
  • IBM 2820 — Drum Storage Control Unit for 2301 Drum Storage Units
  • IBM 2821 — Control unit (for 2540 Reader/Punch and 1403 Printer)
  • IBM 2835 — Control unit model 1 (for 2305-1 Disk)
  • IBM 2835 — Control unit model 2 (for 2305-2 Disk)
  • IBM 2840 — Display Control Unit Model I for 2250 Model-II Analog Displays
  • IBM 2840 — Display Control Unit Model II for 2250 Model III Analog Displays
  • IBM 2841 — DASD Control unit (for 2311, 2301, 2302, 2303, and 2321)
  • IBM 2848 — Display Controller (for 2260)
  • IBM 2860 — Selector Channel (for SYS/360 2065 & above, 370/165, 168 and 195)
  • IBM 2870 — Multiplex Channel (for SYS/360 2065 & above, 370/165, 168 and 195)
  • IBM 2880 — Block Multiplex Channel (for 360/85 and 195, 370/165, 168, 195)
  • IBM 3088 — Multisystem channel communications unit
  • IBM 3172 — LAN Interconnect Controller (or Nways Interconnect Controller)
  • IBM 3174 — Subsystem controller
  • IBM 3271 — Remote control unit
  • IBM 3272 — Local control unit
  • IBM 3274 — Control unit
  • IBM 3276 — Control unit display station
  • IBM 3299 — Terminal Multiplexer
  • IBM 3704 — Communication Controller
  • IBM 3705 — Communication Controller
  • IBM 3708 — Network control unit
  • IBM 3710 — Communication adaptor
  • IBM 3720 — Communication Controller
  • IBM 3721 — Expansion unit for IBM 3720
  • IBM 3724 — Controller
  • IBM 3725 — Communication Controller
  • IBM 3728 — Communication control matrix switch
  • IBM 3745 — High-speed communication controller; 1988. Model -410, more?
  • IBM 3746 — Multiprotocol Controller
  • IBM 3770 — Communication system
  • IBM 4959 — I/O expansion unit
  • IBM 4987 — Programmable communication subsystem
  • IBM 5085 — Graphics Processor. Part of IBM 5080 Graphics System.
  • IBM 5088 — Graphics Channel Controller. Part of IBM 5080 Graphics System.
  • IBM 5209 — 5250-3270 link protocol converter
  • IBM 7299 — Active Star Hub
  • IBM 7171 — 3270-type Protocol converter
  • IBM 7426 — Terminal interface unit
  • IBM 7621 — Tape Control
  • IBM 7740 — Communication control unit; 1963
  • IBM 7750 — Transmission Control Unit[130]
  • IBM 7909 — Data Channel
  • IBM 8102 — Storage and I/O unit

Power supply/distribution units[edit]

Modems[edit]

Other[edit]

IBM PC components and peripherals[edit]

  • IBM 2215 — 15" Multisync Color Monitor with Digital Controls 65 kHz for Asia Pacific
  • IBM 5144 — PC convertible monochrome display
  • IBM 5145 — PC convertible color display
  • IBM 5151 — IBM PC Display - Monochrome (green) CRT monitor, designed for MDA (1981)
  • IBM 5152 — IBM PC Graphics Printer (technically this was an Epson MX-80 dot matrix printer (1979) File:Epson MX-80.jpg, but it was IBM-labelled (1981)
  • IBM 5153 — IBM PC Color Display - CRT monitor, designed for CGA (1981)
  • IBM 5154 — IBM Enhanced Color Display - for Enhanced Graphics Adapter EGA (1984)
  • IBM 5161 — Expansion Unit for the IBM PC, a second chassis that was connected via ISA bus extender and receiver cards and a 60 pin cable connector; the Expansion Unit had its own power supply with enough wattage to drive up to two hard drives (the IBM 5150's original power supply was insufficient for hard drives)[131] (1981-1987?)
  • IBM 5173 — PC Network baseband extender
  • IBM 5175 — IBM Professional Graphics Display - PGC, PGA (1984)
  • IBM 5181 — IBM PC Compact Printer
  • IBM 5201 — Quietwriter Printer Model 2
  • IBM 5202 — Quietwriter III printer
  • IBM 6312 — PS/ValuePoint Color Display
  • IBM 6314 — PS/ValuePoint Color Display
  • IBM 6317 — Color display
  • IBM 6319 — PS/ValuePoint Color Display
  • IBM 6324 — Color display
  • IBM 6325 — Color display
  • IBM 6327 — Color display
  • IBM 8503 — Monochrome monitor for PC
  • IBM 8507 — PS/2 monochrome display
  • IBM 8512 — PS/2 color display
  • IBM 8513 — PS/2 color display
  • IBM 8514 — PS/2 large color display
  • IBM 8514/A — Display adaptor
  • IBM T220/T221 LCD monitors — 9503 Ultra-high resolution monitor
  • IBM 9521 — Monitor
  • IBM 9524 — Monitor
  • IBM 9525 — Monitor
  • IBM 9527 — Monitor
  • IBM E74 — CRT monitor, ca 2001
  • IBM E74M — CRT monitor with built-in speakers and microphone (model no. 6517-U7N) ca 2001
  • IBM PC keyboard (84 keys)(1981)
  • IBM PC keyboard (101 keys) Enhanced (1984)
  • Monochrome Display Adapter (MDA)
  • Color Graphics Adapter (CGA)
  • Enhanced Graphics Adapter (EGA)
  • Professional Graphics controller (PGC)
  • Multicolor Graphics Adapter (MCGA)
  • Video Graphics Array (VGA)
  • Micro Channel architecture (MCA) — 32-bit expansion bus for PS/2
  • Mwave
  • IBM DeskStar and TravelStar series of hard disk drives for desktops and laptops, respectively (Acquired by hard disk drive division of Hitachi)

Embedded systems, Application-specific machines/systems[edit]

Airline Reservation Systems[edit]

Bank and finance[edit]

Document processing[edit]

Educational[edit]

  • IBM 1500 — Computer-assisted instruction system; 1966[135]
    • IBM 1510 — Display Console
    • IBM 1512 — Image Projector

Government: Avionics, Computation, Command and Control, and Space systems[edit]

Industry and manufacturing[edit]

  • IBM 357 — Data Collection system; 1959
    • IBM 013 — Badge Punch
    • IBM 024/026 — Card Punch (81 col)
    • IBM 357 — Input Station (Badge and/or serial card reader)
    • IBM 358 — Input Control Unit
    • IBM 360 — Clock Read-Out Control
    • IBM 361 — Read-Out Clock
    • IBM 372 — Manual Entry
    • IBM 373 — Punch Switch
    • IBM 374 — Cartridge Reader
  • IBM 1030 — Data Collection system; 1963
    • IBM 1031 — Input Station.
    • IBM 1032 — Digital Time Unit.
    • IBM 1033 — Printer.
    • IBM 1034 — Card Punch
    • IBM 1035 — Badge Reader
  • IBM 1050 — Data Communications System; 1963
    • IBM 1026 — Transmission Control Unit[4]
    • IBM 1051 — Central Control Unit
    • IBM 1052 — Printer-Keyboard, based on Selectric mechanism
    • IBM 1053 — Console Printer, based on Selectric mechanism
    • IBM 1054 — Paper Tape Reader
    • IBM 1055 — Paper Tape Punch
    • IBM 1057 — Punched Card Output[4]
    • IBM 1058 — Printing Card Punch Output[4]
    • IBM 1092 — Programmed Keyboard (keyboard storage for input to 1050)[4]
    • IBM 1093 — Programmed Keyboard (used in tandem with 1092 for transmission to 24/26 or 7770)
  • IBM 1060 — Data Communications System
    • IBM 1026 — Transmission Control Unit
  • IBM 1070 — Process Communication System; 1964
    • IBM 1026 — IBM 1030/1050/1060/1070 Transmission Control Unit
    • IBM 1071 — Terminal Control Unit
    • IBM 1072 — Terminal Multiplexer
    • IBM 1073 — Latching Contact Operate Model 1
    • IBM 1073 — Counter Terminal Model 2
    • IBM 1073 — Digital-Pulse Converter Model 3
    • IBM 1074 — Binary Display
    • IBM 1075 — Decimal Display
    • IBM 1076 — Manual Binary Input
    • IBM 1077 — Manual Decimal Input
    • IBM 1078 — Pulse Counter
  • IBM 2790 — Data Communications System; 1969
    • IBM 2715 — Transmission controller
    • IBM 2791 — Area Station
    • IBM 2793 — Area Station
    • IBM 2795 — Data Entry Unit
    • IBM 2796 — Data Entry Unit
  • IBM 3630 — Plant Communications System; 1978
  • IBM 3730 — Distributed office communication system; 1978

Medical/science/lab equipment[edit]

Research/Advertising (not product) machines[edit]

Retail/point-of-sale (POS)[edit]

Telecommunications[edit]

  • International Time Recording Co. Series 970 — Telephone System (1930s)[63]
  • IBM 1750 — Switching System
  • IBM 1755 — Operator station
  • IBM 2750 — Switching System
  • IBM 3750 — Switching System
  • IBM 9750 — Business Communications System (ROLM)
  • IBM 9751 — CBX: Main component of 9750 system
  • IBM Simon — Smartphone; 1994

Unclassified[edit]

  • IBM 6361 — Fastdraft system; 1982, a low-cost drafting system using a light pen and a CRT screen.[146]

Computer software[edit]

Some software listings are for software families, not products (Fortran was not a product; Fortran H was a product).

Operating systems[edit]

  • AIX, IBM's proprietary UNIX OS (Advanced Interactive eXecutive)
  • BPS/360 (Basic Programming Support/360)
  • BOS/360 (Basic Operating System/360)
  • TOS/360 (Tape Operating System/360)
  • DM2 (1130 Disk Monitor Version 2 )
  • DOS/360 (Disk Operating System/360)
  • DOS/VS (Disk Operating System/Virtual Storage - 370)
  • DOS/VSE (Virtual Storage Extended - 370, 4300)
  • VSE/ESA (Virtual Storage Extended/Enterprise System Architecture)
  • DPCX (Distributed Processing Control eXecutive) for IBM 8100
  • DPPX (Distributed Processing Programming eXecutive) for IBM 8100
  • IBSYS (IBM 7090/94 operating system)
  • TSS/360 (Time Sharing System, a failed predecessor to VM/CMS, intended for the IBM System/360 Model 67)
  • OS/360 (Operating System/360 for IBM System/360)
    • PCP (Primary Control Program option)
    • MFT (Multiprogramming with a Fixed number of Tasks option)
    • MVT (Multiprogramming with a Variable number of Tasks option)
      • M65MP (Model 65 Multiprocessor option)
  • OS/VS1 (Operating System - Virtual Storage 1) for IBM System/370
  • OS/VS2 (Operating System - Virtual Storage 2) for IBM System/370
    • SVS - Release 1 (Single Virtual Storage)
    • MVS - Release 2-3.8 (Multiple Virtual address Spaces)
    • MVS/SE - MVS System Extensions
      • Release 1 - based on OS/VS2 R3.7 plus selectable units
      • Release 2 - based on OS/VS2 R3.8 plus selectable units
    • MVS/SP - MVS/System Product, replacement for MVS/SE
    • MVS/370 (OS/VS2 2.0-3.8, MVS/SE, MVS/SP V1)
    • MVS/XA (Multiple Virtual Systems - Extended Architecture) - MVS/SP V2
    • MVS/ESA (Multiple Virtual Systems - Enterprise Systems Architecture)
    • MVS/SP V3
    • MVS/ESA SP V4
    • MVS/ESA SP V5
  • System/360 Model 44 (Disk Fortran Monitor)
  • System/360 Model 44 (Model 44 OS - Operating System)
  • OS/390, now z/OS (Zero down time/OS) (same z as in VM/CMS' new name z/VM)
  • OS/400, now i5/OS
  • PC DOS (Personal Computer Disk Operating System)
  • OS/2 (Operating System/2) for the IBM PS/2
  • Transaction Processing Facility, formerly IBM Airline Control Program (ACP)
  • CP-67 May refer to either a package for the 360/67 or only to the Control program of that package.
  • CP/CMS Another name for the CP-67 package for the 360/67; predecessor to VM.
  • VM, sometimes called VM/CMS (Virtual Machine/Conversational Monitor System) Successor systems to CP-67 for the S/370 and later machines. First appeared as Virtual Machine Facility/370 and most recently as z/VM.
    • VM/SE Virtual Machine/System Extension, also known as System Extension Program Product (SEPP). An enhancement to Virtual Machine Facility/370, replaced by VM/SP.
    • VM/BSE Virtual Machine/Basic System Extension, also known as Basic System Extension Program Product (BSEPP). An enhancement to Virtual Machine Facility/370, providing some of the facilities of VM/se, replaced by VM/SP.
    • VM/SP Virtual Machine/System Product, replacing VM/SE and the base for all future VM versions.
    • VM/XA Virual Machine/Extended Architecture 31-bit VM
    • VM/ESA (Virtual Machine/Enterprise System Architecture)
  • 4690 OS (retail)
  • System Support Program for System/34, System/36

Utilities and languages[edit]

  • A20 handler for the PC (address line 20 handler)
  • Ada
  • ALGOL 60 Included in OS/360
  • APL
  • Autocoder macro assemblers for various machines, with nothing in common but the name
  • SPS (Symbolic Programming System). An assembler[147] for IBM 1401 or IBM 1620 systems, less capable than Autocoder
  • FARGO (Fourteen-o-one Automatic Report Generation Operation). Predecessor of RPG for the IBM 1401
  • BSL (Basic Systems Language)
  • COBOL (Common Business Oriented Language)
  • CSP (Cross System Product)
  • EGL (Enterprise Generation Language)
  • FAP assembler for the IBM 709, 7090, and 7094 (FORTRAN Assembly Program)
  • FORTRAN (originally developed by IBM for the 704) (FORmula TRANslator)
  • JCL batch job language for OS/360 and successors
  • JES2 and JES3, job entry and spooling subsystems
  • MAP (Macro Assembly Program in the IBJOB component of IBSYS)
  • Pascal
  • PL/I (Programming Language/One)
  • PL/S (Programming Language/Systems), replacing BSL, later PL/AS, PL/X
  • REXX scripting language (REstructured eXtended eXecutor)
  • RPG (Report Program Generator)

- three forms, RPG/RPGII (S/32,s/34,s/36,s/38), RPGIII(s/38, AS/400 CISC) and RPG/400ILE (AS/400 RISC and iSeries)

  • SOAP (Symbolic Optimal Assembly Program for IBM 650)
  • VisualAge compilers (C/C++, Fortran, Java, ...)
  • Eclipse an IDE
  • XEDIT an editor for VM/CMS systems
  • ISPF Interactive System Productivity Facility. An IDE for MVS and z/OS systems
  • Power spooler for DOS/360 and successors

Middleware and applications[edit]

Data centers[edit]

Services[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Truesdell, Leon E. (1965). The Development of Punch Card Tabulation in the Bureau of the Census 1890-1940. US GPO. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au Meacham, Alan D. (1961). Data Processing Equipment Encyclopedia. Gille Associates.  Book includes photos of some machines
  3. ^ a b Scans of plates in L.J. Comrie articles from Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 1928 and 1932, here
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az IBM Sales Manual. IBM.  pages dated from 1963 to 1974
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Fierheller, George A. (2006). Do not fold, spindle or mutilate: the "hole" story of punched cards. Stewart Pub. ISBN 1-894183-86-X.  An accessible book of recollections (sometimes with errors), with photographs and descriptions of many unit record machines.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak Lars Poulsen collected a list of IBM unit record machine types and names. “It was collected over a period of several years from the alt.folklore.computers USENET group. I started out with the ones I knew, and slowly people contributed more items, until we have what you see. I could not point you to a single - or even a few - lists with attributions; it was a community effort.” – Lars Poulsen That list is here
  7. ^ a b "IBM 29 card punch". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  8. ^ "IBM 31 Alphabetical Duplicating Punch". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  9. ^ "IBM Type 032 Alphabetical Printing Punch". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  10. ^ a b c d e Machine Methods of Accounting, IBM, 1936
  11. ^ "IBM 40 tape controlled card punch". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z IBM Card Equipment Summary, 1957
  13. ^ "IBM 797 Document Numbering Punch". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  14. ^ Form 224-8208-3
  15. ^ "Port-A-Punch". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  16. ^ "Votomatic". IBM Archive. IBM. 
  17. ^ IBM Archives: Artifacts list for vol.2
  18. ^ "Type 070 vertical sorters". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  19. ^ "(IBM) Hollerith 070 Vertical Sorter". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  20. ^ "IBM Type 71 Vertical Sorter". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  21. ^ "IBM Type 80 Electric Punched Card Sorting Machine". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah IBM Sales Manual, DP Machines, page 1.20, May 1979
  23. ^ IBM 101 Electronic Statistical Machine, A22-0502-0
  24. ^ "M. Taube: Experiments with the IBM-9900 and a discussion of an improved Comac as suggested by these experiments". 
  25. ^ Jerry Norman. "The Coordinate and Uniterm Indexing Systems". 
  26. ^ "IBM 77 electric punched card collator". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  27. ^ "IBM 85 collator". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  28. ^ "IBM 087". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  29. ^ "IBM 514". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  30. ^ "IBM 523 gang summary punch". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  31. ^ IBM 101 Electronic Statistical Machine, A22-0502-0
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k IBM Operators' Guide
  33. ^ "IBM 550". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  34. ^ "Hollerith tabulator and sorter". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  35. ^ IBM Archives: Attic
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Columbia University Computing History: IBM Tabulators and Accounting Machines
  37. ^ "IBM 285 electric accounting machine". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  38. ^ "IBM 301 Accounting Machine". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  39. ^ Pugh, Emerson W. (1995). Building IBM: Shaping and Industry and Its Technology. MIT Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-262-16147-3. 
  40. ^ Pugh (1995) pp.50–51
  41. ^ "The US Naval Observatory Table Printer - 1945". 
  42. ^ a b c d e f IBM 402, 403 and 407; IBM 421, 444, 407 and 447 for World Trade Corporation; Computing Accounting Machines. IBM. A24-3475-0. 
  43. ^ IBM 402, 403 and 419 Accounting Machine. IBM. 22-5654-12. 
  44. ^ IBM Sales Manual, 11-10-55
  45. ^ Catalog of Copyright Entries. Third Series: 1962: July-December By Library of Congress. Copyright Office, p.1517
  46. ^ "IBM 405 electric punched card accounting machine". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  47. ^ a b c IBM Archives: Antique attic, vol.3 Items I-L
  48. ^ a b IBM Operator's Guide. IBM. 1955. 22-8485-3. 
  49. ^ IBM Sales Manual, 11-10-55
  50. ^ "IBM 407 accounting machine". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  51. ^ IBM Sales Manual, 1-2-57
  52. ^ IBM Archives: Endicott chronology
  53. ^ Based on references such as 407-408-409 in IBM Functional Wiring PRinciples A24-1007-0, the 409 is a version of the 407
  54. ^ IBM 407 Accounting Machine. IBM. A24-1011-0. 
  55. ^ a b Bashe, Charles J.; et al. (1986). IBM's Early Computers. MIT. ISBN 0-262-02225-7. 
  56. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Columbia University Computing History: IBM Calculators
  57. ^ a b "IBM Relay Calculator". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  58. ^ "IBM 603 electronic multiplier". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  59. ^ a b "Card-Programmed Calculator". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  60. ^ "IBM 608 calculator". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  61. ^ IBM Sales Manual 1979 p.M 1.30
  62. ^ a b IBM WTC 212-9924-0
  63. ^ a b International Time Recording Co. catalog, 1935 or earlier.
  64. ^ "Remote Control Keyboard". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  65. ^ "IBM Model 01 electric typewriter". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  66. ^ "Model A Standard Electric Typewriter". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  67. ^ "IBM Selectric Typewriter". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  68. ^ "IBM Executary Model 212". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  69. ^ "IBM Office Products Division highlights: Page 2". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  70. ^ "New I.B.M. Copier". The New York Times. May 14, 1982. Retrieved October 9, 2013. 
  71. ^ "1988". IBM Archives: 1980s. IBM. 
  72. ^ a b c d e Pugh, Emerson W. (1995). Building IBM: Shaping an Industry and Its Technology. MIT. ISBN 0-262-16147-8. 
  73. ^ "IBM 805 Test Scoring Machine". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  74. ^ Catalog of Copyright Entries. Third Series: 1962: July-December By Library of Congress. Copyright Office, p.1518
  75. ^ "The IBM Lectern". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  76. ^ "IBM Radiotype". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  77. ^ "Scanistor". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  78. ^ "IBM Shoebox". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  79. ^ "IBM Ticketograph". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  80. ^ "IBM Toll Collection System". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  81. ^ "IBM Wireless Translation System". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  82. ^ "IBM Instruments Hydrogen Peroxide Analyzer". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  83. ^ "IBM Industrial Products PW 200 Percussive Welder". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  84. ^ "IBM Industrial Scale". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  85. ^ a b "FAQ's for Products and Services". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  86. ^ "Electric scoreboards (1949)". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  87. ^ "IBM 305 RAMAC". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  88. ^ a b IBM 305 Reference Manual, A26-3502-0, 1958
  89. ^ "IBM 610 Auto-Point Computer". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  90. ^ "650 Photo album". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  91. ^ "IBM 355 Disk Storage". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  92. ^ "IBM 533 Card Read Punch". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  93. ^ "IBM 537 Card Read Punch". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  94. ^ "IBM 652 Control Unit". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  95. ^ "IBM 653 Auxiliary Unit". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  96. ^ "IBM 650 Data Processing System Bulletin: Immediate Access Storage, Indexing Register, Automatic Floating-Decimal Arithmetic, and Magnetic Tape". IBM. 
  97. ^ "IBM 650 MDDPM Additional Features: Indexing Accumulators, Floating-Decimal Arithmetic". IBM. 
  98. ^ "IBM 655 Power Unit". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  99. ^ "IBM 650 installation With IBM 727 Magnetic Tape Unit and IBM 355 Disk Storage". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  100. ^ "IBM 838 Inquiry Station". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  101. ^ "IBM 701". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  102. ^ "IBM 706 Electrostatic storage unit". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  103. ^ a b c "IBM 711 Punched card reader". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  104. ^ a b c "IBM 716 Printer". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  105. ^ a b c "IBM 721 Punched card recorder". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  106. ^ "IBM 726 magnetic tape reader/recorder". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  107. ^ a b c d e f g h "IBM 727 Magnetic tape unit". IBM Archive. IBM. 
  108. ^ "IBM 731 Magnetic drum reader/recorder". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  109. ^ "IBM 736 Power frame #1". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  110. ^ a b c "IBM 737 Magnetic core storage unit". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  111. ^ a b c "IBM 740 Cathode ray tube output recorder". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  112. ^ "IBM 741 Power frame #2". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  113. ^ "IBM 746 Power distribution unit". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  114. ^ "IBM 753 Magnetic tape control unit". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  115. ^ "702 Data Processing System". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  116. ^ "704 Data Processing System". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  117. ^ "705 Data Processing System". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  118. ^ "Reference Manual, IBM 705 Data Processing System". IBM. 1959. 
  119. ^ "709 Data Processing System". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  120. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "IBM 1401 and 1460 Bibliography". 
  121. ^ "7090 Data Processing System". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  122. ^ a b "IBM 2361 core storage unit". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  123. ^ "System/34". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  124. ^ a b c Elliott, Jim (2004-08-17). "The Evolution of IBM Mainframes and VM" (PDF). SHARE Session 9140. Retrieved 2007-10-21.  Slide 28: "9672 to zSeries".
  125. ^ "IBM PS/1". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  126. ^ "ThinkPads". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  127. ^ IBM Corporation (1961). 1401 DATA PROCESSING SYSTEM BULLETIN : 1404 PRINTER. 
  128. ^ "IBM 3800 printer". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  129. ^ a b IBM 50 Magnetic Data Inscriber, Component Description. IBM. 1969. A27-2725-2. 
  130. ^ CTSS
  131. ^ Binary Dinosaurs
  132. ^ "IBM 803 Proof Machine". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  133. ^ IBM Sales Manual, May 79
  134. ^ IBM 6580 Displaywriter: IBM 6361 Mag Card Unit Customer Setup Guide, G544-2002-0 Jul81
  135. ^ Longo, Alexander A.; Giunti, Frank E., "A Sequential Evaluation of Computer Assisted Instruction in US Army Basic Electronics Training", Annual Convention of the Association for the Development of Instructional Systems (Cap Rouge, Quebec, August 8–10, 1972).
  136. ^ "TRACTOR". IBM Archives. IBM. 
  137. ^ Modern Mechanix 1961.12 http://blog.modernmechanix.com/ibm-1001-data-transmission-system/
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