List of IIHF World Championship medalists

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The gold medal-winning Winnipeg Falcons (representing Canada), pictured en route to the 1920 Olympics, which were counted as the first ice hockey World Championships

The Ice Hockey World Championships is an annual event held by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF). It was preceded by the European Championship which was held from 1910 to 1932. The first World Championship tournament was decided at the 1920 Summer Olympics. Subsequently, ice hockey was featured at the Winter Olympic Games, where the World Championship was decided when the two events occurred concurrently, until the 1968 Winter Olympics. The first three championships were contested at the Olympics, while the first World Championships that were an individual event were held in 1930.[1]

The modern format for the World Championship features 16 teams in the championship group, 12 teams in Division I and 12 teams in Division II. If there are more than 40 teams, the rest compete in Division III. The teams in the championship play a preliminary and qualifying round, then the top eight teams play in the playoff medal round and the winning team is crowned World Champion. From the 1920 Olympics until the 1976 World Championships, only athletes designated as 'amateur were allowed to compete in the tournament. Because of this, players from the National Hockey League were not allowed to compete, while full-time players of the Soviet Union were allowed. In 1970, after an agreement to allow its professionals to participate was rescinded by the IIHF, Canada withdrew from the tournament.[2] Starting in 1977, professional athletes were allowed to compete in the tournament and Canada re-entered.[3]

As of 2012, 76 tournaments have been staged. From 1920 to 1930, the Winter Olympic Games Ice Hockey Tournaments held counted as the World Championships and no tournaments in between were held. No championships were held from 1940 to 1946 due to World War II, nor during the Olympic years 1980, 1984 and 1988.[4] Ten nations have won a gold medal at the World Championships and a total of fourteen have won medals. Canada has won 45 medals, including 24 gold, the most of any nation. The Soviet Union, which began competing in 1954 and last competed in 1991, captured a medal in every tournament they entered.[1] In winning the 2006 World Championships, Sweden became the first nation in history to win an Olympic Gold as well as a separate World Championship in the same season.[5]

Champions[edit]

Key
  dagger   The Summer Olympic Games Ice Hockey Tournament held that year counted as the World Championships.
  *   The Winter Olympic Games Ice Hockey Tournament held that year counted as the World Championships.
(#) Number of tournaments won at the time. Second number indicates total while country was part of the Soviet Union or Czechoslovakia.
Year 1st Gold 2nd Silver 3rd Bronze Host city / cities Host country / countries
1920 dagger  Canada (1)  United States (1)  Czechoslovakia (1) Antwerp Belgium
1924 *  Canada (2)  United States (2)  Great Britain (1) Chamonix France
1928 *  Canada (3)  Sweden (1)  Switzerland (1) St. Moritz Switzerland
1930  Canada (4)  Germany (1)  Switzerland (2) Chamonix
Berlin
Vienna
France
Germany
Austria
1931  Canada (5)  United States (3)  Austria (1) Krynica Poland
1932 *  Canada (6)  United States (4)  Germany (1) Lake Placid United States
1933  United States (1)  Canada (1)  Czechoslovakia (2) Prague Czechoslovakia
1934  Canada (7)  United States (5)  Germany (2) Milan Italy
1935  Canada (8)  Switzerland (1)  Great Britain (2) Davos Switzerland
1936 *  Great Britain (1)  Canada (2)  United States (1) Garmisch-Partenkirchen Germany
1937  Canada (9)  Great Britain (1)  Switzerland (3) London Great Britain
1938  Canada (10)  Great Britain (2)  Czechoslovakia (3) Prague Czechoslovakia
1939  Canada (11)  United States (6)  Switzerland (4) Zurich and Basel Switzerland
1947  Czechoslovakia (1)  Sweden (2)  Austria (2) Prague Czechoslovakia
1948 *  Canada (12)  Czechoslovakia (1)  Switzerland (5) St. Moritz Switzerland
1949  Czechoslovakia (2)  Canada (3)  United States (2) Stockholm Sweden
1950  Canada (13)  United States (7)  Switzerland (6) London Great Britain
1951  Canada (14)  Sweden (3)  Switzerland (7) Paris France
1952 *  Canada (15)  United States (8)  Sweden (1) Oslo and Drammen Norway
1953  Sweden (1)  West Germany (2)  Switzerland (8) Zurich and Basel Switzerland
1954  Soviet Union (1)  Canada (4)  Sweden (2) Stockholm Sweden
1955  Canada (16)  Soviet Union (1)  Czechoslovakia (4) Krefeld, Dortmund and Cologne West Germany
1956 *  Soviet Union (2)  United States (9)  Canada (1) Cortina Italy
1957  Sweden (2)  Soviet Union (2)  Czechoslovakia (5) Moscow Soviet Union
1958  Canada (17)  Soviet Union (3)  Sweden (3) Oslo Norway
1959  Canada (18)  Soviet Union (4)  Czechoslovakia (6) Prague, Bratislava and Ostrava Czechoslovakia
1960 *  United States (2)  Canada (5)  Soviet Union (1) Squaw Valley United States
1961  Canada (19)  Czechoslovakia (2)  Soviet Union (2) Geneva and Lausanne Switzerland
1962  Sweden (3)  Canada (6)  United States (3) Colorado Springs and Denver United States
1963  Soviet Union (3)  Sweden (4)  Czechoslovakia (7) Stockholm Sweden
1964 *  Soviet Union (4)  Sweden (5)  Czechoslovakia (8) Innsbruck Austria
1965  Soviet Union (5)  Czechoslovakia (3)  Sweden (4) Tampere Finland
1966  Soviet Union (6)  Czechoslovakia (4)  Canada (2) Ljubljana Yugoslavia
1967  Soviet Union (7)  Sweden (6)  Canada (3) Vienna Austria
1968 *  Soviet Union (8)  Czechoslovakia (5)  Canada (4) Grenoble France
1969  Soviet Union (9)  Sweden (7)  Czechoslovakia (9) Stockholm Sweden
1970  Soviet Union (10)  Sweden (8)  Czechoslovakia (10) Stockholm Sweden
1971  Soviet Union (11)  Czechoslovakia (6)  Sweden (5) Bern and Geneva Switzerland
1972  Czechoslovakia (3)  Soviet Union (5)  Sweden (6) Prague Czechoslovakia
1973  Soviet Union (12)  Sweden (9)  Czechoslovakia (11) Moscow Soviet Union
1974  Soviet Union (13)  Czechoslovakia (7)  Sweden (7) Helsinki Finland
1975  Soviet Union (14)  Czechoslovakia (8)  Sweden (8) Munich and Düsseldorf West Germany
1976  Czechoslovakia (4)  Soviet Union (6)  Sweden (9) Katowice Poland
1977  Czechoslovakia (5)  Sweden (10)  Soviet Union (3) Vienna Austria
1978  Soviet Union (15)  Czechoslovakia (9)  Canada (5) Prague Czechoslovakia
1979  Soviet Union (16)  Czechoslovakia (10)  Sweden (10) Moscow Soviet Union
1981  Soviet Union (17)  Sweden (11)  Czechoslovakia (12) Gothenburg and Stockholm Sweden
1982  Soviet Union (18)  Czechoslovakia (11)  Canada (6) Helsinki and Tampere Finland
1983  Soviet Union (19)  Czechoslovakia (12)  Canada (7) Düsseldorf, Dortmund and Munich West Germany
1985  Czechoslovakia (6)  Canada (7)  Soviet Union (4) Prague Czechoslovakia
1986  Soviet Union (20)  Sweden (12)  Canada (8) Moscow Soviet Union
1987  Sweden (4)  Soviet Union (7)  Czechoslovakia (13) Vienna Austria
1989  Soviet Union (21)  Canada (8)  Czechoslovakia (14) Stockholm and Södertälje Sweden
1990  Soviet Union (22)  Sweden (13)  Czechoslovakia (15) Bern and Fribourg Switzerland
1991  Sweden (5)  Canada (9)  Soviet Union (5) Turku, Helsinki and Tampere Finland
1992  Sweden (6)  Finland (1)  Czechoslovakia (16) Prague and Bratislava Czechoslovakia
1993  Russia (1/23)  Sweden (14)  Czech Republic (1/17) Dortmund and Munich Germany
1994  Canada (20)  Finland (2)  Sweden (11) Bolzano, Canazei and Milan Italy
1995  Finland (1)  Sweden (15)  Canada (9) Stockholm and Gävle Sweden
1996  Czech Republic (1/7)  Canada (10)  United States (4) Vienna Austria
1997  Canada (21)  Sweden (16)  Czech Republic (2/18) Helsinki, Turku and Tampere Finland
1998  Sweden (7)  Finland (3)  Czech Republic (3/19) Zurich and Basel Switzerland
1999  Czech Republic (2/8)  Finland (4)  Sweden (12) Oslo, Lillehammer and Hamar Norway
2000  Czech Republic (3/9)  Slovakia (1)  Finland (1) St. Petersburg Russia
2001  Czech Republic (4/10)  Finland (5)  Sweden (13) Cologne, Hanover and Nuremberg Germany
2002  Slovakia (1)  Russia (1/8)  Sweden (14) Gothenburg, Karlstad and Jönköping Sweden
2003  Canada (22)  Sweden (17)  Slovakia (1) Helsinki, Tampere and Turku Finland
2004  Canada (23)  Sweden (18)  United States (5) Prague and Ostrava Czech Republic
2005  Czech Republic (5/11)  Canada (11)  Russia (1/6) Innsbruck and Vienna Austria
2006  Sweden (8)  Czech Republic (1/13)  Finland (2) Riga Latvia
2007  Canada (24)  Finland (6)  Russia (2/7) Moscow and Mytishchi Russia
2008  Russia (2/24)  Canada (12)  Finland (3) Halifax and Quebec City Canada
2009  Russia (3/25)  Canada (13)  Sweden (15) Kloten and Bern Switzerland
2010  Czech Republic (6/12)  Russia (2/9)  Sweden (16) Cologne, Mannheim, and Gelsenkirchen Germany
2011  Finland (2)  Sweden (19)  Czech Republic (4/20) Bratislava and Košice Slovakia
2012  Russia (4/26)  Slovakia (2)  Czech Republic (5/21) Helsinki and Stockholm Finland and Sweden
2013  Sweden (9)  Switzerland (2)  United States (6) Stockholm and Helsinki Sweden and Finland
2014  Russia (5/27)  Finland (7)  Sweden (17) Minsk Belarus

Future tournaments[edit]

These tournaments have been announced, but have not been played yet.

Year Host cities Host countries
2015 Prague and Ostrava Czech Republic [6]
2016 Moscow and Saint Petersburg Russia [7]
2017 Cologne
Paris
Germany
France
[8]
2018 Copenhagen and Herning Denmark

Medal table[edit]

Countries in italics no longer compete at the World Championships.

Country Gold Silver Bronze Medals
 Russia
 Soviet Union
 
5
22
27
2
7
9
2
5
7
9
34
43
 Canada 24 13 09 46
 Czech Republic
 Czechoslovakia
 
6
6
12
1
12
13
5
16
21
12
34
46
 Sweden 09 19 17 45
 United States 02 09 06 17
 Finland 02 07 03 12
 Great Britain 01 02 02 05
 Slovakia 01 02 01 04
 Switzerland 00 02 08 010
 Germany
 West Germany
 
0
0
0
1
1
2
2
0
2
3
1
4
 Austria 00 00 02 02

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
Notes
  1. ^ a b "International hockey timeline". IIHF. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  2. ^ MacSkimming 1996, p. 8.
  3. ^ "IIHF World Men's Championship". Hockey Canada. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  4. ^ "All Medalists: Men: IIHF World Championships". IIHF. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  5. ^ Associated Press (2006-05-21). "Sweden Completes 'Double' at IIHF Worlds". The Sports Network. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  6. ^ "Worlds come back to Prague". IIHF. 2010-05-21. Archived from the original on 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2010-06-20. 
  7. ^ Merk, Martin (2011-05-13). "2016 Worlds go to Russia". IIHF. Retrieved 2012-08-20. 
  8. ^ "To Cologne & Paris in 2017". IIHF. 2013-04-17. Retrieved 2013-04-17. 

External links[edit]