List of IIHF World Under-20 Championship medalists

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The IIHF World Junior Championship is an annual event organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation for national under-20 ice hockey teams from around the world. It is traditionally held from late December to the beginning of January. The main tournament features the top ten ranked hockey nations in the world, comprising the "Top Division", from which a world champion is crowned. There are also three lower pools—divisions I, II and III—that each play separate tournaments playing for the right to be promoted to a higher pool with the last place team facing relegation to a lower pool.[1]

The first official tournament was held in 1977. Prior to that, there had been invitational tournaments in 1974, 1975 and 1976 that were not sanctioned by the IIHF.[2]

As of 2015, 39 official tournaments have been staged. Seven nations have won a gold medal and ten have won medals. Historically, the tournament has been dominated by the Soviet Union/Russia and Canada, together accounting for 29 of the 39 gold medals awarded. Canada leads the all-time gold medal count with 16 and have won a total of 29 medals, while the Soviet Union/Russia have won the most medals with 33.

Champions[edit]

Unofficial tournaments[edit]

Year 1st Gold 2nd Silver 3rd Bronze Host city (cities) Host country
1974  Soviet Union  Finland  Canada Leningrad  Soviet Union
1975  Soviet Union  Canada  Sweden Winnipeg  Canada
1976  Soviet Union  Canada  Czechoslovakia Tampere  Finland

Official tournaments[edit]

Key
  • (#) Number of tournaments won at the time.
Year 1st Gold 2nd Silver 3rd Bronze Host city (cities) Host country
1977  Soviet Union (1)  Canada (1)  Czechoslovakia (1) Banská Bystrica and Zvolen  Czechoslovakia
1978  Soviet Union (2)  Sweden (1)  Canada (1) Montreal  Canada
1979  Soviet Union (3)  Czechoslovakia (1)  Sweden (1) Karlstad and Karlskoga  Sweden
1980  Soviet Union (4)  Finland (1)  Sweden (2) Helsinki  Finland
1981  Sweden (1)  Finland (2)  Soviet Union (1) Füssen  West Germany
1982  Canada (1)  Czechoslovakia (2)  Finland (1) Minneapolis  United States
1983  Soviet Union (5)  Czechoslovakia (3)  Canada (2) Leningrad  Soviet Union
1984  Soviet Union (6)  Finland (3)  Czechoslovakia (2) Norrköping and Nyköping  Sweden
1985  Canada (2)  Czechoslovakia (3)  Soviet Union (2) Helsinki and Turku  Finland
1986  Soviet Union (7)  Canada (2)  United States (1) Hamilton  Canada
1987  Finland[α] (1)  Czechoslovakia[α] (5)  Sweden[α] (3) Piešťany  Czechoslovakia
1988  Canada (3)  Soviet Union (1)  Finland (2) Moscow  Soviet Union
1989  Soviet Union (8)  Sweden (2)  Czechoslovakia (3) Anchorage  United States
1990  Canada (4)  Soviet Union (2)  Czechoslovakia (4) Helsinki and Turku  Finland[β]
1991  Canada (5)  Soviet Union (3)  Czechoslovakia (5) Saskatoon  Canada
1992  Soviet Union [3](9)  Sweden (3)  United States (2) Füssen and Kaufbeuren  Germany
1993  Canada (6)  Sweden (4)  Czechoslovakia (6) Gävle  Sweden
1994  Canada (7)  Sweden (5)  Russia (1/3) Ostrava and Frýdek-Místek  Czech Republic
1995  Canada (8)  Russia (1/4)  Sweden (4) Red Deer  Canada
1996  Canada (9)  Sweden (6)  Russia (2/4) Boston  United States
1997  Canada (10)  United States (1)  Russia (3/5) Geneva and Morges   Switzerland
1998  Finland (2)  Russia (2/5)   Switzerland (1) Helsinki and Hämeenlinna  Finland
1999  Russia (1/10)  Canada (3)  Slovakia (1) Winnipeg and Brandon  Canada
2000  Czech Republic (1)  Russia (3/6)  Canada (3) Skellefteå and Umeå  Sweden
2001  Czech Republic (2)  Finland (4)  Canada (4) Moscow and Podolsk  Russia
2002  Russia (2/11)  Canada (4)  Finland (3) Pardubice and Hradec Králové  Czech Republic
2003  Russia (3/12)  Canada (5)  Finland (4) Halifax and Sydney  Canada
2004  United States (1)  Canada (6)  Finland (5) Helsinki and Hämeenlinna  Finland
2005  Canada (11)  Russia (4/7)  Czech Republic (1/7) Grand Forks and Thief River Falls  United States
2006  Canada (12)  Russia (5/8)  Finland (6) Vancouver, Kelowna, and Kamloops  Canada
2007  Canada (13)  Russia (6/9)  United States (3) Leksand and Mora  Sweden
2008  Canada (14)  Sweden (7)  Russia (4/6) Pardubice and Liberec  Czech Republic
2009  Canada (15)  Sweden (8)  Russia (5/7) Ottawa  Canada
2010  United States (2)  Canada (7)  Sweden (5) Saskatoon and Regina  Canada
2011  Russia (4/13)  Canada (8)  United States (4) Buffalo and Lewiston[4]  United States
2012  Sweden (2)  Russia (7/10)  Canada (5) Calgary and Edmonton  Canada
2013  United States (3)  Sweden (9)  Russia (6/8) Ufa  Russia
2014  Finland (3)  Sweden (10)  Russia (7/9) Malmö  Sweden
2015  Canada (16)  Russia (8/11)  Slovakia (2) Toronto and Montreal  Canada

Future tournaments[edit]

These tournaments have been announced.

Year Host city (cities) Host country
2016 Helsinki[5]  Finland
2017 Montreal and Toronto[6]  Canada[7]
2018  United States[8]
2019  Canada[7]
2020  Czech Republic
2021  Canada[7]

Medal table[edit]

The unofficial tournaments held prior to 1977 are not included in this table.

Countries in italics no longer compete at the World Championships.

Country 1st Gold 2nd Silver 3rd Bronze Medals
 Canada 16 8 5 29
 Russia
 Soviet Union
Total 
4
9
13
8
3
11
7
2
9
19
14
33
 Finland 3 4 6 13
 United States 3 1 4 8
 Sweden 2 10 5 17
 Czech Republic
 Czechoslovakia
Total 
2
0
2
0
5
5
1
6
7
3
11
14
 Slovakia 0 0 2 2
  Switzerland 0 0 1 1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes
  • α During the final game of the tournament, Canada and the Soviet Union became engaged in a violent bench-clearing brawl while Canada was leading 4–2. Consequently, the game was declared null and void, and both teams were ejected from the tournament; while the Soviets were out of medal contention, Canada was playing for the gold medal and were guaranteed at least a bronze.[9][10]
  • β Canada will host the tournament every 3 or 4 years. In 1990, Canada decided to switch years with Finland.
General
Specific
  1. ^ "Tournament playing format". worldjuniors2008.com. Retrieved 2008-06-26. 
  2. ^ "International hockey timeline". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  3. ^ "IIHF World U20 Championships" International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 2009-11-20.
  4. ^ http://www.iihf.com/channels1011/wm20/home.html
  5. ^ Merk, Martin. "World Juniors in Helsinki". http://www.iihf.com. IIHF. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  6. ^ http://www2.tsn.ca/world_jrs/story/?id=425844
  7. ^ a b c "Canada to host more tourneys". International Ice Hockey Federation. 2010-05-09. Retrieved 2015-01-05. 
  8. ^ "USA Hockey Awarded Rights to Host Four Additional World Championships". NAHL. Retrieved 6 January 2011. 
  9. ^ Doug Harrison. "Backgrounder–2008 World Junior Hockey Championship". CBC Sports. Retrieved 2008-06-11. 
  10. ^ "Team Canada > National Junior Team > History". Hockey Canada. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 

External links[edit]