List of IIHF World Under-20 Championship medalists

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The IIHF World Junior Championship is an annual event organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation for national under-20 ice hockey teams from around the world. It is traditionally held from late December to the beginning of January. The main tournament features the top ten ranked hockey nations in the world, comprising the "Top Division", from which a world champion is crowned. There are also three lower pools—divisions I, II and III—that each play separate tournaments playing for the right to be promoted to a higher pool with the last place team facing relegation to a lower pool.[1]

The first official tournament was held in 1977. Prior to that, there had been invitational tournaments in 1974, 1975 and 1976 that were not sanctioned by the IIHF.[2]

One of the most infamous incidents in tournament history occurred in 1987 in Piestany, Czechoslovakia, where a massive bench-clearing brawl involving all players on both teams occurred between Canada and the Soviet Union, leading to the disqualification of each team.[3] The brawl helped raise the profile of the tournament in Canada where the tournament now ranks as one of the most important events on the hockey calendar.[4][5]

As of 2012, 36 official tournaments have been staged. Seven nations have won a gold medal and ten have won medals. Historically, the tournament has been dominated by the Soviet Union/Russia and Canada, together accounting for 28 of the 36 gold medals awarded. Canada leads the all-time gold medal count with 15 and have won a total of 28 medals; the Soviet Union/Russia leads by number of total medals won at 31.


Unofficial tournaments[edit]

Year 1st Gold 2nd Silver 3rd Bronze Host city (cities) Host country
1974  Soviet Union  Finland  Canada Leningrad  Soviet Union
1975  Soviet Union  Canada  Sweden Winnipeg  Canada
1976  Soviet Union  Canada  Czechoslovakia Tampere  Finland

Official tournaments[edit]

  • (#) Number of tournaments won at the time.
Year 1st Gold 2nd Silver 3rd Bronze Host city (cities) Host country
1977  Soviet Union (1)  Canada  Czechoslovakia Banská Bystrica and Zvolen  Czechoslovakia
1978  Soviet Union (2)  Sweden  Canada Montreal  Canada
1979  Soviet Union (3)  Czechoslovakia  Sweden Karlstad and Karlskoga  Sweden
1980  Soviet Union (4)  Finland  Sweden Helsinki  Finland
1981  Sweden (1)  Finland  Soviet Union Füssen  West Germany
1982  Canada (1)  Czechoslovakia  Finland Minneapolis  United States
1983  Soviet Union (5)  Czechoslovakia  Canada Leningrad  Soviet Union
1984  Soviet Union (6)  Finland  Czechoslovakia Norrköping and Nyköping  Sweden
1985  Canada (2)  Czechoslovakia  Soviet Union Helsinki and Turku  Finland
1986  Soviet Union (7)  Canada  United States Hamilton  Canada
1987  Finland[α] (1)  Czechoslovakia[α]  Sweden[α] Piešťany  Czechoslovakia
1988  Canada (3)  Soviet Union  Finland Moscow  Soviet Union
1989  Soviet Union (8)  Sweden  Czechoslovakia Anchorage  United States
1990  Canada (4)  Soviet Union  Czechoslovakia Helsinki and Turku  Finland[β]
1991  Canada (5)  Soviet Union  Czechoslovakia Saskatoon  Canada
1992  Soviet Union [6](9)  Sweden  United States Füssen and Kaufbeuren  Germany
1993  Canada (6)  Sweden  Czechoslovakia Gävle  Sweden
1994  Canada (7)  Sweden  Russia Ostrava and Frýdek-Místek  Czech Republic
1995  Canada (8)  Russia  Sweden Red Deer  Canada
1996  Canada (9)  Sweden  Russia Boston  United States
1997  Canada (10)  United States  Russia Geneva and Morges   Switzerland
1998  Finland (2)  Russia  Switzerland Helsinki and Hämeenlinna  Finland
1999  Russia (1/10)  Canada  Slovakia Winnipeg and Portage La Prairie  Canada
2000  Czech Republic (1)  Russia  Canada Skellefteå and Umeå  Sweden
2001  Czech Republic (2)  Finland  Canada Moscow and Podolsk  Russia
2002  Russia (2/11)  Canada  Finland Pardubice and Hradec Králové  Czech Republic
2003  Russia (3/12)  Canada  Finland Halifax and Sydney  Canada
2004  United States (1)  Canada  Finland Helsinki and Hämeenlinna  Finland
2005  Canada (11)  Russia  Czech Republic Grand Forks and Thief River Falls  United States
2006  Canada (12)  Russia  Finland Vancouver, Kelowna, and Kamloops  Canada
2007  Canada (13)  Russia  United States Leksand and Mora  Sweden
2008  Canada (14)  Sweden  Russia Pardubice and Liberec  Czech Republic
2009  Canada (15)  Sweden  Russia Ottawa  Canada
2010  United States (2)  Canada  Sweden Saskatoon and Regina  Canada
2011  Russia (4/13)  Canada  United States Buffalo and Lewiston[7]  United States
2012  Sweden (2)  Russia  Canada Calgary and Edmonton  Canada
2013  United States (3)  Sweden  Russia Ufa  Russia
2014  Finland (3)  Sweden  Russia Malmö  Sweden

Future tournaments[edit]

These tournaments have been announced.

Year Host city (cities) Host country
2015 Toronto and Montreal[8]  Canada[9]
2016 Helsinki[10]  Finland
2017 Montreal and Toronto[8]  Canada[9]
2018  United States[11]
2019  Canada[9]
2020  Czech Republic
2021  Canada[9]

Medal table[edit]

The unofficial tournaments held prior to 1977 are not included in this table.

Countries in italics no longer compete at the World Championships.

Country 1st Gold 2nd Silver 3rd Bronze Medals
 Canada 15 8 5 28
 Soviet Union
 Finland 3 4 6 13
 United States 3 1 4 8
 Sweden 2 10 5 17
 Czech Republic
 Slovakia 0 0 1 1
 Switzerland 0 0 1 1

See also[edit]


  • α During the final game of the tournament, Canada and the Soviet Union became engaged in a violent bench-clearing brawl while Canada was leading 4–2. Consequently, the game was declared null and void, and both teams were ejected from the tournament; while the Soviets were out of medal contention, Canada was playing for the gold medal and were guaranteed at least a bronze.[12][13]
  • β Canada will host the tournament every 3 or 4 years. In 1990, Canada decided to switch years with Finland.
  1. ^ "Tournament playing format". Retrieved 2008-06-26. 
  2. ^ "International hockey timeline". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  3. ^ "World Junior Hockey Championship–History; 1987–Piestany, Czechoslovakia". TSN. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  4. ^ Joyce, Gare (2006), When the Lights Went Out, Random House, p. 254, ISBN 9780385662741 
  5. ^ The Canadian Press (2006-05-03). "Ottawa to Host 2009 World Junior Tourney". TSN. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  6. ^ "IIHF World U20 Championships" International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 2009-11-20.
  7. ^
  8. ^ a b
  9. ^ a b c d "Canada to host more tourneys". International Ice Hockey Federation. 2010-05-09. Retrieved 2011-01-05. 
  10. ^ Merk, Martin. "World Juniors in Helsinki". IIHF. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  11. ^ "USA Hockey Awarded Rights to Host Four Additional World Championships". NAHL. Retrieved 6 January 2011. 
  12. ^ Doug Harrison. "Backgrounder–2008 World Junior Hockey Championship". CBC Sports. Retrieved 2008-06-11. 
  13. ^ "Team Canada > National Junior Team > History". Hockey Canada. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 

External links[edit]