List of ISO 639-2 codes

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ISO 639 is a set of international standards that lists short codes for language names. The following is a complete list of three-letter codes defined in part two (ISO 639-2) of the standard, including the corresponding two-letter (ISO 639-1) codes where they exist.

Where two ISO 639-2 codes are given in the table, the one with the asterisk is the bibliographic code (B code) and the other is the terminological code (T code).

Entries in the Notes column denote:

The standard includes some codes for special situations:

  • mis, for "uncoded languages";
  • mul, for "multiple languages";
  • qaa-qtz, a range reserved for local use.
  • und, for "undetermined";
  • zxx, for "no linguistic content, not applicable";
ISO 639-2/5 ISO 639-3 ISO 639-1 Language name Scope Type
aar aar aa Afar Individual Living
aav Austro-Asiatic languages Collective
abk abk ab Abkhazian Individual Living
ace ace Achinese Individual Living
ach ach Acoli Individual Living
ada ada Adangme Individual Living
ady ady Adyghe Individual Living
afa Afro-Asiatic languages Collective
afh afh Afrihili Individual Constructed
afr afr af Afrikaans Individual Living
ain ain Ainu (Japan) Individual Living
aka aka ak Akan Macrolanguage Living
akk akk Akkadian Individual Ancient
alb* / sqi sqi sq Albanian Macrolanguage Living
ale ale Aleut Individual Living
alg Algonquian languages Collective
alt alt Southern Altai Individual Living
alv Atlantic-Congo languages Collective
amh amh am Amharic Individual Living
ang ang Old English (ca. 450-1100) Individual Historical
anp anp Angika Individual Living
apa Apache languages Collective
aqa Alacalufan languages Collective
aql Algic languages Collective
ara ara ar Arabic Macrolanguage Living
arc arc Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE) Individual Ancient
arg arg an Aragonese Individual Living
arm* / hye hye hy Armenian Individual Living
arn arn Mapudungun Individual Living
arp arp Arapaho Individual Living
art Artificial languages Collective
arw arw Arawak Individual Living
asm asm as Assamese Individual Living
ast ast Asturian Individual Living
ath Athapascan languages Collective
auf Arauan languages Collective
aus Australian languages Collective
ava ava av Avaric Individual Living
ave ave ae Avestan Individual Ancient
awa awa Awadhi Individual Living
awd Arawakan languages Collective
aym aym ay Aymara Macrolanguage Living
azc Uto-Aztecan languages Collective
aze aze az Azerbaijani Macrolanguage Living
bad Banda languages Collective
bai Bamileke languages Collective
bak bak ba Bashkir Individual Living
bal bal Baluchi Macrolanguage Living
bam bam bm Bambara Individual Living
ban ban Balinese Individual Living
baq* / eus eus eu Basque Individual Living
bas bas Basa (Cameroon) Individual Living
bat Baltic languages Collective
bej bej Beja Individual Living
bel bel be Belarusian Individual Living
bem bem Bemba (Zambia) Individual Living
ben ben bn Bengali Individual Living
ber Berber languages Collective
bho bho Bhojpuri Individual Living
bih bh Bihari languages Collective
bik bik Bikol Macrolanguage Living
bin bin Bini Individual Living
bis bis bi Bislama Individual Living
bla bla Siksika Individual Living
bnt Bantu languages Collective
bod / tib* bod bo Tibetan Individual Living
bos bos bs Bosnian Individual Living
bra bra Braj Individual Living
bre bre br Breton Individual Living
btk Batak languages Collective
bua bua Buriat Macrolanguage Living
bug bug Buginese Individual Living
bul bul bg Bulgarian Individual Living
bur* / mya mya my Burmese Individual Living
byn byn Bilin Individual Living
cad cad Caddo Individual Living
cai Central American Indian languages Collective
car car Galibi Carib Individual Living
cat cat ca Catalan Individual Living
cau Caucasian languages Collective
cba Chibchan languages Collective
ccn North Caucasian languages Collective
ccs South Caucasian languages Collective
cdc Chadic languages Collective
cdd Caddoan languages Collective
ceb ceb Cebuano Individual Living
cel Celtic languages Collective
ces / cze* ces cs Czech Individual Living
cha cha ch Chamorro Individual Living
chb chb Chibcha Individual Extinct
che che ce Chechen Individual Living
chg chg Chagatai Individual Extinct
chi* / zho zho zh Chinese Macrolanguage Living
chk chk Chuukese Individual Living
chm chm Mari (Russia) Macrolanguage Living
chn chn Chinook jargon Individual Living
cho cho Choctaw Individual Living
chp chp Chipewyan Individual Living
chr chr Cherokee Individual Living
chu chu cu Church Slavic Individual Ancient
chv chv cv Chuvash Individual Living
chy chy Cheyenne Individual Living
cmc Chamic languages Collective
cop cop Coptic Individual Extinct
cor cor kw Cornish Individual Living
cos cos co Corsican Individual Living
cpe English based Creoles and pidgins Collective
cpf French-Based Creoles and pidgins Collective
cpp Portuguese-Based Creoles and pidgins Collective
cre cre cr Cree Macrolanguage Living
crh crh Crimean Tatar Individual Living
crp Creoles and pidgins Collective
csb csb Kashubian Individual Living
csu Central Sudanic languages Collective
cus Cushitic languages Collective
cym / wel* cym cy Welsh Individual Living
cze* / ces ces cs Czech Individual Living
dak dak Dakota Individual Living
dan dan da Danish Individual Living
dar dar Dargwa Individual Living
day Land Dayak languages Collective
del del Delaware Macrolanguage Living
den den Slave (Athapascan) Macrolanguage Living
deu / ger* deu de German Individual Living
dgr dgr Dogrib Individual Living
din din Dinka Macrolanguage Living
div div dv Dhivehi Individual Living
dmn Mande languages Collective
doi doi Dogri (macrolanguage) Macrolanguage Living
dra Dravidian languages Collective
dsb dsb Lower Sorbian Individual Living
dua dua Duala Individual Living
dum dum Middle Dutch (ca. 1050-1350) Individual Historical
dut* / nld nld nl Dutch Individual Living
dyu dyu Dyula Individual Living
dzo dzo dz Dzongkha Individual Living
efi efi Efik Individual Living
egx Egyptian languages Collective
egy egy Egyptian (Ancient) Individual Ancient
eka eka Ekajuk Individual Living
ell / gre* ell el Modern Greek (1453-) Individual Living
elx elx Elamite Individual Ancient
eng eng en English Individual Living
enm enm Middle English (1100-1500) Individual Historical
epo epo eo Esperanto Individual Constructed
est est et Estonian Macrolanguage Living
esx Eskimo-Aleut languages Collective
euq Basque (family) Collective
eus / baq* eus eu Basque Individual Living
ewe ewe ee Ewe Individual Living
ewo ewo Ewondo Individual Living
fan fan Fang (Equatorial Guinea) Individual Living
fao fao fo Faroese Individual Living
fas / per* fas fa Persian Macrolanguage Living
fat fat Fanti Individual Living
fij fij fj Fijian Individual Living
fil fil Filipino Individual Living
fin fin fi Finnish Individual Living
fiu Finno-Ugrian languages Collective
fon fon Fon Individual Living
fox Formosan languages Collective
fra / fre* fra fr French Individual Living
fre* / fra fra fr French Individual Living
frm frm Middle French (ca. 1400-1600) Individual Historical
fro fro Old French (842-ca. 1400) Individual Historical
frr frr Northern Frisian Individual Living
frs frs Eastern Frisian Individual Living
fry fry fy Western Frisian Individual Living
ful ful ff Fulah Macrolanguage Living
fur fur Friulian Individual Living
gaa gaa Ga Individual Living
gay gay Gayo Individual Living
gba gba Gbaya (Central African Republic) Macrolanguage Living
gem Germanic languages Collective
geo* / kat kat ka Georgian Individual Living
ger* / deu deu de German Individual Living
gez gez Geez Individual Ancient
gil gil Gilbertese Individual Living
gla gla gd Scottish Gaelic Individual Living
gle gle ga Irish Individual Living
glg glg gl Galician Individual Living
glv glv gv Manx Individual Living
gme East Germanic languages Collective
gmh gmh Middle High German (ca. 1050-1500) Individual Historical
gmq North Germanic languages Collective
gmw West Germanic languages Collective
goh goh Old High German (ca. 750-1050) Individual Historical
gon gon Gondi Macrolanguage Living
gor gor Gorontalo Individual Living
got got Gothic Individual Ancient
grb grb Grebo Macrolanguage Living
grc grc Ancient Greek (to 1453) Individual Historical
gre* / ell ell el Modern Greek (1453-) Individual Living
grk Greek languages Collective
grn grn gn Guarani Macrolanguage Living
gsw gsw Swiss German Individual Living
guj guj gu Gujarati Individual Living
gwi gwi Gwichʼin Individual Living
hai hai Haida Macrolanguage Living
hat hat ht Haitian Individual Living
hau hau ha Hausa Individual Living
haw haw Hawaiian Individual Living
heb heb he Hebrew Individual Living
her her hz Herero Individual Living
hil hil Hiligaynon Individual Living
him Himachali languages Collective
hin hin hi Hindi Individual Living
hit hit Hittite Individual Ancient
hmn hmn Hmong Macrolanguage Living
hmo hmo ho Hiri Motu Individual Living
hmx Hmong-Mien languages Collective
hok Hokan languages Collective
hrv hrv hr Croatian Individual Living
hsb hsb Upper Sorbian Individual Living
hun hun hu Hungarian Individual Living
hup hup Hupa Individual Living
hye / arm* hye hy Armenian Individual Living
hyx Armenian (family) Collective
iba iba Iban Individual Living
ibo ibo ig Igbo Individual Living
ice* / isl isl is Icelandic Individual Living
ido ido io Ido Individual Constructed
iii iii ii Sichuan Yi Individual Living
iir Indo-Iranian languages Collective
ijo Ijo languages Collective
iku iku iu Inuktitut Macrolanguage Living
ile ile ie Interlingue Individual Constructed
ilo ilo Iloko Individual Living
ina ina ia Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association) Individual Constructed
inc Indic languages Collective
ind ind id Indonesian Individual Living
ine Indo-European languages Collective
inh inh Ingush Individual Living
ipk ipk ik Inupiaq Macrolanguage Living
ira Iranian languages Collective
iro Iroquoian languages Collective
isl / ice* isl is Icelandic Individual Living
ita ita it Italian Individual Living
itc Italic languages Collective
jav jav jv Javanese Individual Living
jbo jbo Lojban Individual Constructed
jpn jpn ja Japanese Individual Living
jpr jpr Judeo-Persian Individual Living
jpx Japanese (family) Collective
jrb jrb Judeo-Arabic Macrolanguage Living
kaa kaa Kara-Kalpak Individual Living
kab kab Kabyle Individual Living
kac kac Kachin Individual Living
kal kal kl Kalaallisut Individual Living
kam kam Kamba (Kenya) Individual Living
kan kan kn Kannada Individual Living
kar Karen languages Collective
kas kas ks Kashmiri Individual Living
kat / geo* kat ka Georgian Individual Living
kau kau kr Kanuri Macrolanguage Living
kaw kaw Kawi Individual Ancient
kaz kaz kk Kazakh Individual Living
kbd kbd Kabardian Individual Living
kdo Kordofanian languages Collective
kha kha Khasi Individual Living
khi Khoisan languages Collective
khm khm km Central Khmer Individual Living
kho kho Khotanese Individual Ancient
kik kik ki Kikuyu Individual Living
kin kin rw Kinyarwanda Individual Living
kir kir ky Kirghiz Individual Living
kmb kmb Kimbundu Individual Living
kok kok Konkani (macrolanguage) Macrolanguage Living
kom kom kv Komi Macrolanguage Living
kon kon kg Kongo Macrolanguage Living
kor kor ko Korean Individual Living
kos kos Kosraean Individual Living
kpe kpe Kpelle Macrolanguage Living
krc krc Karachay-Balkar Individual Living
krl krl Karelian Individual Living
kro Kru languages Collective
kru kru Kurukh Individual Living
kua kua kj Kuanyama Individual Living
kum kum Kumyk Individual Living
kur kur ku Kurdish Macrolanguage Living
kut kut Kutenai Individual Living
lad lad Ladino Individual Living
lah lah Lahnda Macrolanguage Living
lam lam Lamba Individual Living
lao lao lo Lao Individual Living
lat lat la Latin Individual Ancient
lav lav lv Latvian Macrolanguage Living
lez lez Lezghian Individual Living
lim lim li Limburgan Individual Living
lin lin ln Lingala Individual Living
lit lit lt Lithuanian Individual Living
lol lol Mongo Individual Living
loz loz Lozi Individual Living
ltz ltz lb Luxembourgish Individual Living
lua lua Luba-Lulua Individual Living
lub lub lu Luba-Katanga Individual Living
lug lug lg Ganda Individual Living
lui lui Luiseno Individual Living
lun lun Lunda Individual Living
luo luo Luo (Kenya and Tanzania) Individual Living
lus lus Lushai Individual Living
mac* / mkd mkd mk Macedonian Individual Living
mad mad Madurese Individual Living
mag mag Magahi Individual Living
mah mah mh Marshallese Individual Living
mai mai Maithili Individual Living
mak mak Makasar Individual Living
mal mal ml Malayalam Individual Living
man man Mandingo Macrolanguage Living
mao* / mri mri mi Maori Individual Living
map Austronesian languages Collective
mar mar mr Marathi Individual Living
mas mas Masai Individual Living
may* / msa msa ms Malay (macrolanguage) Macrolanguage Living
mdf mdf Moksha Individual Living
mdr mdr Mandar Individual Living
men men Mende (Sierra Leone) Individual Living
mga mga Middle Irish (900-1200) Individual Historical
mic mic Mi'kmaq Individual Living
min min Minangkabau Individual Living
mis mis Uncoded languages Special
mkd / mac* mkd mk Macedonian Individual Living
mkh Mon-Khmer languages Collective
mlg mlg mg Malagasy Macrolanguage Living
mlt mlt mt Maltese Individual Living
mnc mnc Manchu Individual Living
mni mni Manipuri Individual Living
mno Manobo languages Collective
moh moh Mohawk Individual Living
mon mon mn Mongolian Macrolanguage Living
mos mos Mossi Individual Living
mri / mao* mri mi Maori Individual Living
msa / may* msa ms Malay (macrolanguage) Macrolanguage Living
mul mul Multiple languages Special
mun Munda languages Collective
mus mus Creek Individual Living
mwl mwl Mirandese Individual Living
mwr mwr Marwari Macrolanguage Living
mya / bur* mya my Burmese Individual Living
myn Mayan languages Collective
myv myv Erzya Individual Living
nah Nahuatl languages Collective
nai North American Indian Collective
nap nap Neapolitan Individual Living
nau nau na Nauru Individual Living
nav nav nv Navajo Individual Living
nbl nbl nr South Ndebele Individual Living
nde nde nd North Ndebele Individual Living
ndo ndo ng Ndonga Individual Living
nds nds Low German Individual Living
nep nep ne Nepali (macrolanguage) Macrolanguage Living
new new Newari Individual Living
ngf Trans-New Guinea languages Collective
nia nia Nias Individual Living
nic Niger-Kordofanian languages Collective
niu niu Niuean Individual Living
nld / dut* nld nl Dutch Individual Living
nno nno nn Norwegian Nynorsk Individual Living
nob nob nb Norwegian Bokmål Individual Living
nog nog Nogai Individual Living
non non Old Norse Individual Historical
nor nor no Norwegian Macrolanguage Living
nqo nqo N'Ko Individual Living
nso nso Pedi Individual Living
nub Nubian languages Collective
nwc nwc Classical Newari Individual Historical
nya nya ny Nyanja Individual Living
nym nym Nyamwezi Individual Living
nyn nyn Nyankole Individual Living
nyo nyo Nyoro Individual Living
nzi nzi Nzima Individual Living
oci oci oc Occitan (post 1500) Individual Living
oji oji oj Ojibwa Macrolanguage Living
omq Oto-Manguean languages Collective
omv Omotic languages Collective
ori ori or Oriya (macrolanguage) Macrolanguage Living
orm orm om Oromo Macrolanguage Living
osa osa Osage Individual Living
oss oss os Ossetian Individual Living
ota ota Ottoman Turkish (1500-1928) Individual Historical
oto Otomian languages Collective
paa Papuan languages Collective
pag pag Pangasinan Individual Living
pal pal Pahlavi Individual Ancient
pam pam Pampanga Individual Living
pan pan pa Panjabi Individual Living
pap pap Papiamento Individual Living
pau pau Palauan Individual Living
peo peo Old Persian (ca. 600-400 B.C.) Individual Historical
per* / fas fas fa Persian Macrolanguage Living
phi Philippine languages Collective
phn phn Phoenician Individual Ancient
plf Central Malayo-Polynesian languages Collective
pli pli pi Pali Individual Ancient
pol pol pl Polish Individual Living
pon pon Pohnpeian Individual Living
por por pt Portuguese Individual Living
poz Malayo-Polynesian languages Collective
pqe Eastern Malayo-Polynesian languages Collective
pqw Western Malayo-Polynesian languages Collective
pra Prakrit languages Collective
pro pro Old Provençal (to 1500) Individual Historical
pus pus ps Pushto Macrolanguage Living
qaa-qtz qaa-qtz Reserved for local use Local
que que qu Quechua Macrolanguage Living
qwe Quechuan (family) Collective
raj raj Rajasthani Macrolanguage Living
rap rap Rapanui Individual Living
rar rar Rarotongan Individual Living
roa Romance languages Collective
roh roh rm Romansh Individual Living
rom rom Romany Macrolanguage Living
ron / rum* ron ro Romanian Individual Living
rum* / ron ron ro Romanian Individual Living
run run rn Rundi Individual Living
rup rup Macedo-Romanian Individual Living
rus rus ru Russian Individual Living
sad sad Sandawe Individual Living
sag sag sg Sango Individual Living
sah sah Yakut Individual Living
sai South American Indian languages Collective
sal Salishan languages Collective
sam sam Samaritan Aramaic Individual Extinct
san san sa Sanskrit Individual Ancient
sas sas Sasak Individual Living
sat sat Santali Individual Living
scn scn Sicilian Individual Living
sco sco Scots Individual Living
sdv Eastern Sudanic languages Collective
sel sel Selkup Individual Living
sem Semitic languages Collective
sga sga Old Irish (to 900) Individual Historical
sgn Sign languages Collective
shn shn Shan Individual Living
sid sid Sidamo Individual Living
sin sin si Sinhala Individual Living
sio Siouan languages Collective
sit Sino-Tibetan languages Collective
sla Slavic languages Collective
slo* / slk slk sk Slovak Individual Living
slk / slo* slk sk Slovak Individual Living
slv slv sl Slovenian Individual Living
sma sma Southern Sami Individual Living
sme sme se Northern Sami Individual Living
smi Sami languages Collective
smj smj Lule Sami Individual Living
smn smn Inari Sami Individual Living
smo smo sm Samoan Individual Living
sms sms Skolt Sami Individual Living
sna sna sn Shona Individual Living
snd snd sd Sindhi Individual Living
snk snk Soninke Individual Living
sog sog Sogdian Individual Ancient
som som so Somali Individual Living
son Songhai languages Collective
sot sot st Southern Sotho Individual Living
spa spa es Spanish Individual Living
sqi / alb* sqi sq Albanian Macrolanguage Living
sqj Albanian languages Collective
srd srd sc Sardinian Macrolanguage Living
srn srn Sranan Tongo Individual Living
srp srp sr Serbian Individual Living
srr srr Serer Individual Living
ssa Nilo-Saharan languages Collective
ssw ssw ss Swati Individual Living
suk suk Sukuma Individual Living
sun sun su Sundanese Individual Living
sus sus Susu Individual Living
sux sux Sumerian Individual Ancient
swa swa sw Swahili (macrolanguage) Macrolanguage Living
swe swe sv Swedish Individual Living
syc syc Classical Syriac Individual Historical
syd Samoyedic languages Collective
syr syr Syriac Macrolanguage Living
tah tah ty Tahitian Individual Living
tai Tai languages Collective
tam tam ta Tamil Individual Living
tat tat tt Tatar Individual Living
tbq Tibeto-Burman languages Collective
tel tel te Telugu Individual Living
tem tem Timne Individual Living
ter ter Tereno Individual Living
tet tet Tetum Individual Living
tgk tgk tg Tajik Individual Living
tgl tgl tl Tagalog Individual Living
tha tha th Thai Individual Living
tib* / bod bod bo Tibetan Individual Living
tig tig Tigre Individual Living
tir tir ti Tigrinya Individual Living
tiv tiv Tiv Individual Living
tkl tkl Tokelau Individual Living
tlh tlh Klingon Individual Constructed
tli tli Tlingit Individual Living
tmh tmh Tamashek Macrolanguage Living
tog tog Tonga (Nyasa) Individual Living
ton ton to Tonga (Tonga Islands) Individual Living
tpi tpi Tok Pisin Individual Living
trk Turkic languages Collective
tsi tsi Tsimshian Individual Living
tsn tsn tn Tswana Individual Living
tso tso ts Tsonga Individual Living
tuk tuk tk Turkmen Individual Living
tum tum Tumbuka Individual Living
tun tun Tunisian Individual Living
tup Tupi languages Collective
tur tur tr Turkish Individual Living
tut Altaic languages Collective
tuw Tungus languages Collective
tvl tvl Tuvalu Individual Living
twi twi tw Twi Individual Living
tyv tyv Tuvinian Individual Living
udm udm Udmurt Individual Living
uga uga Ugaritic Individual Ancient
uig uig ug Uighur Individual Living
ukr ukr uk Ukrainian Individual Living
umb umb Umbundu Individual Living
und und Undetermined Special
urd urd ur Urdu Individual Living
urj Uralic languages Collective
uzb uzb uz Uzbek Macrolanguage Living
vai vai Vai Individual Living
ven ven ve Venda Individual Living
vie vie vi Vietnamese Individual Living
vol vol vo Volapük Individual Constructed
vot vot Votic Individual Living
wak Wakashan languages Collective
wal wal Wolaytta Individual Living
war war Waray (Philippines) Individual Living
was was Washo Individual Living
wel* / cym cym cy Welsh Individual Living
wen Sorbian languages Collective
wln wln wa Walloon Individual Living
wol wol wo Wolof Individual Living
xal xal Kalmyk Individual Living
xgn Mongolian languages Collective
xho xho xh Xhosa Individual Living
xnd Na-Dene languages Collective
yao yao Yao Individual Living
yap yap Yapese Individual Living
yid yid yi Yiddish Macrolanguage Living
yor yor yo Yoruba Individual Living
ypk Yupik languages Collective
zap zap Zapotec Macrolanguage Living
zbl zbl Blissymbols Individual Constructed
zen zen Zenaga Individual Living
zha zha za Zhuang Macrolanguage Living
zho / chi* zho zh Chinese Macrolanguage Living
zhx Chinese (family) Collective
zle East Slavic languages Collective
zls South Slavic languages Collective
zlw West Slavic languages Collective
znd Zande languages Collective
zul zul zu Zulu Individual Living
zun zun Zuni Individual Living
zxx zxx No linguistic content Special
zza zza Zaza Macrolanguage Living

*Synonyms for terminology applications (ISO 639-2/T) and for *bibliographic applications (ISO 639-2/B)

References[edit]

External links[edit]