List of Important Intangible Folk Cultural Properties

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This is a list of Important Intangible Folk Cultural Properties of Japan.

Criteria[edit]

  1. It must exemplify something original in the Japanese people's everyday life in terms of origin and content, and be typical.
  2. It must exemplify the process of evolution of some technique.
  3. It must exemplify some local characteristic.

Designated cultural properties[edit]

Manners and customs[edit]

Manufacture, livelihood[edit]

6 designations. All were designated under Criteria 1.

Name Date Location Remarks Preservation Image Desig. Ref.
Spring Hoe Festival of Higoshi Shinmei Shrine
樋越神明宮の春鍬祭
Higoshi Shinmei-gū no Haru Kuwa Matsuri
11 February Tamamura, Gunma spring hoe festival; earliest record is to 1798[1] Association for the Preservation of the Shinmeigu Harukuwa Matsuri (神明宮春鍬祭保存会?) 2002 [4]
Bonito Fishing Festival of Kōzushima
神津島のかつお釣り行事
Kōzushima no Katsuo Tsuri Gyōji
2 August Kōzushima, Tokyo bonito fishing festival Association for the Preservation of the Monoiminanomikoto Shrine Katsuo Tsuri (物忌奈命神社かつお釣り保存会?) 1999 [5]
Spiral Rice Planting of Sado
佐渡の車田植
Sado no Kuruma Taue
last third of May Sado, Niigata seedlings are planted in a circular fashion by a trio of workers[2] Association for the Preservation of Sado Kuruma Taue (佐渡の車田植保存会?) 1979 [6]

ja:奥能登のあえのこと
oku noto no ae no koto
December 5 and February 9 Okunoto, Ishikawa 1976
Mibu Flower Rice Planting
壬生の花田植
Mibu no Hana Taue
first Sunday in June Kitahiroshima, Hiroshima colourful rice-planting ritual inscribed on the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity[3] Association for the Preservation of Mibu no Hana Taue (壬生の花田植保存会?) Mibu-hanadaue03.JPG 1976 [7]
Farming Festival of Aso
阿蘇の農耕祭事
Aso no Nōkō Saiji
13th day of first month and 25th day of 9th month (Aso Shrine); 16th day of first month and 23rd, 24th days of 9th month (Kuninomiyako Shrine) in old lunisolar calendar Aso, Kumamoto Association for the Preservation of the Aso Noko Festival (阿蘇の農耕祭事保存会?) 1982 [8]

Life rituals[edit]

6 designations. All were designated under Criteria 1.

Name Date Description/Remarks Location Image Designated Reference
Izumiyama Mountain Worship
泉山の登拝行事
Izumiyama no Tohai Gyōji
25 July An event in which young children between the age of 7 and 9 from the village of Izumiyama climb Mt. Nakui to worship at mountain shrines Sannohe, Aomori 1997 [9]
Hata Oyamagake
羽田のお山がけ
Hata no Oyamagake
15th and 16th day of 8th month* An event in which 7 year old boys climb nearby Hanedayama to pray for their healthy growth. Kesennuma, Miyagi 2000 [10]
Kohata Banner Festival
木幡の幡祭り
Kohata no Hata Matsuri
1 December An event in which a procession of parishioners carrying colorful banners climb Kohatayama to worship at Okitsushima and Hayama shrines. Nihonmatsu, Fukushima 2004 [11]
Kawamata Coming-of-Age Ceremony
川俣の元服式
Kawamata no Genpuku Shiki
21 January A traditional coming of age ceremony for 20 year old males with roots in the late Edo period. Nikkō, Tochigi 1987 [12]
Iwatsuki Traditional Sumo Ring Entrance Ceremony
岩槻の古式土俵入り
Iwatsuki no Koshiki Dohyōiri
Around 21 October A traditional sumo ring entrance ceremony performed by young boys. Iwatsuki, Saitama 2005 [13]
Kasuga Groom Festival
春日の婿押し
Kasuga no Muko Oshi
14 January A series of events held for men and women who became married in the previous year. Kasuga, Fukuoka 1995 [14]

Those dates marked with an * follow the traditional calendar.

Amusements, contests[edit]

9 designations

Name Criteria Date Remarks Location Image
Kariwano tug of war (刈和野の大綱引き Kariwano no ōtsuna-hiki?)[4] 1 15th day of 1st month in old lunisolar calendar Daisen, Akita
Sōma Wild horse racing (相馬野馬追 Sōma Nomaoi?)[5] 1 July 23–25 Sōma and Minamisōma Fukushima Souma nomaoi4.jpg
Bullfighting (牛の角突きの習俗 Ushi no tsunotsuki no shūzoku?) 1 some time between May and November (irregular) Nagaoka, Ojiya and Uonuma, Niigata
Tsuruga Nishimachi tug of war (敦賀西町の綱引き Tsuruga Nishimachi no tsuna-hiki?)[6] 1 January 14 Tsuruga, Fukui
Tajima Kutani tug of war (但馬久谷の菖蒲綱引き Tajima Kutani shōbu tsuna-hiki?)[7] 1 June 5 Shin'onsen, Hyōgo
Inaba tug of war (因幡の菖蒲綱引き Inaba no shōbu tsuna-hiki?)[8] 1 5th day of 5th month and weekends before and after (Aoya); Sunday closest to the 5th day of the 5th month (Ketaka) (both dates in old lunisolar calendar); Sunday closest to June 5 (Iwami) Iwami, Tottori (formerly Aoya and Ketaka), Tottori
Misasa tug of war (三朝のジンショ Misasa no jinsho?) 1 May 3 and 4 Misasa, Tottori
namari no momote (生里のモモテ?) 1 Sunday closest to 1st day of 2nd month in old lunisolar calendar Namari, Takuma, Mitoyo, Kagawa
Yobuko tug of war (呼子の大綱引き yobuko no ōtsunahiki?) 1 first weekend in June Yobuko, Karatsu, Saga

Social life (knowledge of folk customs)[edit]

2 designations

Name Criteria Date Remarks Location Image
上州白久保のお茶講 (Jōshū-shirakubo no ochakō?)[9][10] 1 24 February Local residents welcome the gods, drinking tea together, reading the tea and predicting the bounty in their lives. Nakanojō, Gunma
粟生のおも講と堂徒式 (Ao no omokō to dōtoshiki?) 1 8th day of first month in Japan's old lunisolar calendar
Shimizu, Wakayama

Annual functions or events[edit]

32 designations

Name Criteria Type Date Remarks Location Image
Yoshihama Suneka (吉浜のスネカ Yoshihama no suneka?)[11] 1 Visiting kami 15 January A person called "Suneka", representing a kami and dressed in a strange mask and a straw raincoat, visits each house in a given district to punish lazy or crying children; related to the Namahage tradition of Akita Prefecture; handed down in Yoshihama district, Sanriku, Ōfunato, Iwate Ōfunato, Iwate
Tsukihama Enzu-no-wari (月浜のえんずのわり Tsukihama no Enzu-no-wari?)[12] 1 Harvest/fertility 11–16 January Bird chasing procession (tori-oi) involving children; traditionally a festival to pray for abundant harvest and good health; handed down in Tsukihama district, Miyato, Higashimatsushima, Miyagi Higashimatsushima, Miyagi
Yonekawa Mizukaburi (ablution) (米川の水かぶり Yonekawa no mizukaburi?)[13] 1 Protection 12 February Event to ward off fire; young men and men of a critical age (yakudoshi, 42 years of age) dress in straw raincoats and headdresses their faces painted with soot; after a shrine visit they return to town and throw water on the houses; home owners try to extract from the participants' costumes straws which are then considered charms against fire Tome, Miyagi
Kamigō no koshōgatsu gyōji (上郷の小正月行事?)[14] 1 15 January "Little New Year" (koshōgatsu) event celebrated by children involving the burning of a hut of Sae-no-kami and a bird chasing procession (tori-oi) with singing Nikaho, Akita
Namahage on Oga Peninsula (男鹿のナマハゲ Oga no Namahage?)[15][16] 1 Visiting kami 31 December–16 January Young men dressed in traditional straw garments and wearing large masks representing the Namahage deity visit houses of new community members urging them to work and study hard; after receiving sake and mochi they leave blessing the house Oga, Akita Namahage.jpg
Rokugō Kamakura (六郷のカマクラ行事 Rokugō no Kamakura gyōji?) 1 11–15 February snow huts Misato, Akita Kamakura-yuki.jpg
"Little New Year" event of Yuza (遊佐の小正月行事 Yuza no koshōgatsu gyōji?)[17] 1 Visiting kami 1, 3 and 6 January[nb 1] A person called "Amahage", representing a kami dressed in a straw coat and covered with a red or blue ogre mask visits each family distributing mochi; also includes a tori-oi bird chasing event with drums and singing; the straw coats are burned together with kadomatsu and shimenawa in an event known as Honte-yaki (Honte burning) Yuza, Yamagata
Sai-no-kami of Mishima (三島のサイノカミ Mishima no Sai-no-kami?)[18] 1 ca. January 15 Fire festival praying for abundant harvest, sound health and escape from evil; an artificial structure (Sai-no-kami) made of a sacred tree and new year's decoration is burned Mishima, Fukushima
108 lights of Inomata (猪俣の百八燈 Inomata no hyakuhattō?)[19] 1 Bon Festival 15 August Construction of 108 mounds[nb 2] and lighting of as many lights; said to originate in a ritual to console the spirits of Inomata Koheirokunoritsuna Misato[disambiguation needed], Saitama Earth mounds of Inomata.jpg
Mito floating of sacred boats (三戸のオショロ流し Mito no oshoro nagashi?) 1 Bon Festival 16 August Mito, Hassemachi, Miura, Kanagawa
Ōiso Sagichō (大磯の左義長 ōiso no sagichō?) 1 3rd Saturday of January Ōiso, Kanagawa
ōmi no take no karakai (青海の竹のからかい?) 1 New Year Event 15 January Ōmi, Niigata
Muramachi New Year Deity Send Off (邑町のサイノカミ muramachi no sai no kami?) 1 New Year Event Sunday before January 15 (or January 15 if it is a Sunday) Nyūzen, Toyama
Noto's Amamehagi (能登のアマメハギ noto no amamehagi?) 1 Visiting kami January 2 (Monzen), January 14 and 20 (Wajima), February 3 (Uchiura) Noto and Wajima, Ishikawa
Nozawa Onsen Dōsojin Fire Festival (野沢温泉の道祖神祭り nozawa onsen no dōsojin matsuri?) 1 15 January Nozawa Onsen, Nagano
Toba Fire Festival (鳥羽の火祭り toba no hi matsuri?) 1 2nd Sunday in February Nishio, Aichi
shimakamo gogō no bon matsuri gyōji (志摩加茂五郷の盆祭行事?) 1 August 14, 15 Mie
tōkōji no onie (東光寺の鬼会?) 1 8 January Hyōgo
etsutsumi ōnishi no otsuna (江包・大西の御綱?) 1 12 February Nara
dadadō no onihashiri (陀々堂の鬼はしり?) 1 14 January Dadadō, Nenbutsu-ji, Gojō, Nara
sakenotsu no tondō (酒津のトンドウ?)[20] 1 Koshōgatsu weekend closest to January 15 Sakenotsu, Ketaka, Tottori, Tottori
isodake no guro (五十猛のグロ?) 1 Koshōgatsu January 11–15 Isodake, Ōda, Shimane
atsuki no shinmei matsuri (阿月の神明祭?) 1 Koshōgatsu, fire festival 11 February Yamaguchi
suōsō no hashiramatsu gyōji (周防祖生の柱松行事?) 1 August 15 (Soo Nakamura), 19 (Soo Yamada), 23 (Soo Ochiai) Soo, Shūtō, Iwakuni, Yamaguchi
jifuku no toitoi (地福のトイトイ?) 1 Koshōgatsu 14 January Jifuku, Atō, Yamaguchi, Yamaguchi






Oni-yo Fire Festival of Daizenji Tamatare Shrine (大善寺玉垂宮の鬼夜 daizenji tamataregū no oniyo?)[21] 1 Koshōgatsu, fire festival 7 January Daizen-ji, Kurume, Fukuoka Oniyo001.jpg
mishima no kasedori (見島のカセドリ?)[22] 1 Koshōgatsu 2nd Saturday in February Hasuike-machi, Saga, Saga
shimozakiyama no hetomato gyōji (下崎山のヘトマト行事?) 1 16 January Shimozakiyama, Gotō, Nagasaki
koshikijima no toshidon (甑島のトシドン?) 1 New Year 31 December Koshikijima Islands, Satsumasendai, Kagoshima
agina no arasetsu gyōji (秋名のアラセツ行事?)[23] 1 1st day of hei of 8th month in old lunisolar calendar Agina, Tatsugō, Kagoshima
minami satsuma no jūgoya gyōji (南薩摩の十五夜行事?) 1 15th day of 8th month in old lunisolar calendar Bonotsu, Chiran and Makurazaki; southern part of Satsuma Peninsula, Kagoshima



Miyakojima Paantu Festival (宮古島のパーントゥ miyakojima no pāntō?)[24] 1 first 10 days of the 9th month (Shimajiri), last day of the ox in 12th month (Nobara) in old lunisolar calendar Miyakojima, Okinawa Miyako paantou.jpg

Religious festivals and beliefs[edit]

61 designations. All were designated under Criteria 1.

Name Japanese Date Location Image Designated
Procession to Mount Iwaki[25] 岩木山の登拝行事 Late July-15 August* Hirosaki, Aomori Iwakiyama Jinja Torii.jpg 1984
Hirosaki Neputa[26] 弘前のねぷた 1–7 August Hirosaki, Aomori Ōgi Neputa.jpg 1980
Aomori Nebuta[27] 青森のねぶた 2–7 August Aomori, Aomori Aomori Nebuta AUG 2006 0002.jpg 1980
Floats of Hachinohe Sansha Taisai[28] 八戸三社大祭の山車行事 1–3 August Hachinohe, Aomori Hachinohe Sansha Taisai.jpg 2004
Murone Jinja festival[28][29][30] 室根神社祭のマツリバ行事 17–19 September, following a leap year* Ichinoseki, Iwate 1985
Floats of the Hanawa Matsuri (花輪祭の屋台行事 hanawa matsuri no yatai gyōji?) August 19, 20 Hanawa, Kazuno, Akita 2014
Floats of Kakunodate Matsuri[31] 角館祭りのやま行事 7–9 September Kakunodate, Akita Kakunodate maturi 2008a.jpg 1991
Akita Kantō[32] 秋田の竿灯 5–7 August Akita, Akita Akita Kanto.jpg 1980
Floats of Tsuchizaki Shinmeishasai[33] 土崎神明社祭の曳山行事 20–21 July Akita, Akita Tsuchi-yama-hayashifuribo.jpg 1997
Tōkoyasaka Jinja tōnin gyōji|[34] 東湖八坂神社のトウニン(統人)行事 7 July Various Katagami, Akita 1986
shōreisai no ōtaimatsu gyōji (松例祭の大松明行事?) December 31 and January 1 Dewa Sanzan, Tsuruoka, Yamagata 2014
Floats of Shinjō Matsuri[35] 新庄まつりの山車行事 24–26 August Shinjō, Yamagata 2009
Kanazawa's Hayama Gomori[36] 金沢の羽山ごもり 16–18 November* Fukushima, Fukushima 1980
Tajima Gion Festival[37] 田島祇園祭のおとうや行事 18–21 July Minamiaizu, Fukushima 1981
Hitachi Float Procession[38] 日立風流物 3–5 May Minamiaizu, Ibaraki 1977
Karasuyama Yamaage[39] 烏山の山あげ行事 25–27 July Nasukarasuyama, Tochigi 1979
Floats of Kanuma Imamiya Shrine[40] 鹿沼今宮神社祭の屋台行事 2nd weekend of November Kanuma, Tochigi 2003
Hokkōji no gōhanshiki (発光路の強飯式?) 3 January Kanuma, Tochigi 1996
Katashina Monkey Chasing Festival[41] 片品の猿追い祭 Mid-September* Katashina, Gunma 2000
Floats of Kawagoe Hikagawa Shrine[42] 川越氷川祭の山車行事 3rd weekend, October Kawagoe, Saitama Kawagoe Festival at night.jpg 2005
Music and Floats of the Chichibu Festival[43] 秩父祭の屋台行事と神楽 3, 6 December Chichibu, Saitama Chichibu Yomatsuri.jpg 1979
Floats of Sawara[44] 佐原の山車行事 18–18 November Katori, Chiba Float-stand-in-a-line,sawara-float-festival,katori-city,japan.JPG 2004
Shiramazu Grand Festival[45] 白間津のオオマチ(大祭)行事 23–25 July, every 4 years Minamibōsō, Chiba 1992
Mona Satoimo Festival[46] 茂名の里芋祭 19–21 February Tateyama, Chiba 2005
sanpoku no botamochi matsuri (山北のボタモチ祭り?) December 2 (Nakahama and Sugitaira), January 12 (Ganjiki) Murakami, Niigata 1999
Kibune Shrine Boat Festival[47] 貴船神社の船祭り 27–28 July Manazuru, Kanagawa 1996
Namerikawa Nebuta Nagashi[48] 滑川のネブタ流し 31 July Namerikawa, Toyama 1999
Uozu Tatemon Festival[49] 魚津のタテモン行事 7–8 August Uozu, Toyama Uozu-tatemon.jpg 1997
Takaoka Float Procession[50] 高岡御車山祭の御車山行事 1 May Takaoka, Toyama 1979
Floats of Jōhana Shinmei Shrine[51] 城端神明宮祭の曳山行事 4–5 May Nanto, Toyama 2002
The Customs of the Keta Uma Festival[52] 気多の鵜祭の習俗 16 December Hakui, Ishikawa 2000
Wakabata Procession of the Kumakabuto Festival[53] 熊甲二十日祭の枠旗行事 20 September Nanao, Ishikawa 1981
Floats of the Seihaku Festival[54] 青柏祭の曳山行事 13–15 May Nanao, Ishikawa Dekayama sanno.jpg 1983
yoshida no hi matsuri (吉田の火祭?) 26–August 26, 27 Fujiyoshida, Yamanashi Ignition torches in the main street of Yoshida Fire Festival.JPG 2012
Kosuge Hashiramatsu Festival[55] 小菅の柱松行事 Weekend following 14 July, every 3 years Iiyama, Nagano 2011
Floats and Drums of Furukawa Festival[56] 古川祭の起し太鼓・屋台行事 19–20 April Hida, Gifu Furukawa-yatai.jpg 1980
Floats of Takayama Festival[57] 高山祭の屋台行事 14–15 April, 9–10 October Takayama, Gifu Kagura Tai Float.jpg 1979
Mitsuke Tenjin Hadaka Matsuri[58] 見付天神裸祭 Weekend preceding 10 August* Iwata, Shizuoka 2000
Boat Procession of Ōe Hachiman Shrine[59] 大江八幡神社の御船行事 15 August Makinohara, Shizuoka 1999
Floats of Kamezaki Shiohi Festival[60] 亀崎潮干祭の山車行事 3–4 May Handa, Aichi Kamezaki Shiohi Matsuri02.jpg 2006
Floats of the Inuyama Festival[61] 犬山祭の車山行事 1st weekend of April Inuyama, Aichi 2006
sunari matsuri no danjiri bune gyōji to miyoshi nagashi (須成祭の車楽船行事と神葭流し?) early July to late October, festival eve on first Saturday in August Tomiyoshitatehaya Shrine, Kanie, Aichi 2012
Boats of the Owari Tsushima Tennō Festival[62] 尾張津島天王祭の車楽舟行事 4th weekend of July Tsushima, Aichi Tushima-tennousai.jpg 1980
The Oni Festival of Toyohashi Shinmei Shrine[63] 豊橋神明社の鬼祭 10–11 February Toyohashi, Aichi 1980
Floats of the Kuwana Ishidori Festival[64] 桑名石取祭の祭車行事 1st weekend of August Kuwana, Mie IshidoriMatsuri.JPG 2007
Danjiri of the Ueno Tenjin Festival[65] 上野天神祭のダンジリ行事 23–25 October Iga, Mie Ueno-Tenzin festival.JPG 2002
Whaling Floats of Toride Shrine[66] 鳥出神社の鯨船行事 14–15 August Yokkaichi, Mie 1997


Potato Contest of Ōmi Nakayama[67][68] Ōmi Nakayama no Imo-kurabe Matsuri (近江中山の芋競べ祭り?) taro comparison festival or "potato contest"; Association for the Preservation of the Imo Kurabe Festival (芋くらべ祭保存会?) September 1 Hino, Shiga 1991
Mikami Zuiki Festival[69] 三上のずいき祭 Mid-October Yasu, Shiga 2005
Floats of the Nagahama Hikiyama Festival[70] 長浜曳山祭の曳山行事 13–16 April Nagahama, Shiga 1979
Yamaboko Floats of the Kyoto Gion Matsuri[71] 京都祇園祭の山鉾行事 July Kyoto Naginata hoko.jpg 1979
Miyaza of Wakide Shrine[72] 涌出宮の宮座行事 Various Kizugawa, Kyoto 1986
Sakoshi boat festival sakoshi no funa matsuri (坂越の船祭?) second weekend in October Sakoshi, Akō, Hyōgo 2012
Boats of the Kōchi Festival[73] 河内祭の御舟行事 24–25 July Kushimoto, Wakayama 1999
Tobata Gion Yamagasa festival[74] 戸畑祇園大山笠行事 13–15 July Kitakyushu, Fukuoka Tobata-gion01.jpg 1980
Pine Festival of Tokakuji Temple[75] 等覚寺の松会 3 April Kanda, Fukuoka 1998
Hakata Gion Yamagasa Festival[76] 博多祇園山笠行事 1–15 July Fukuoka, Fukuoka Hakata gion yamakasa 2005 01.jpg 1979
Floats of the Katsura Kunchi Festival[77] 唐津くんちの曳山行事 2–4 November Karatsu, Saga Hikiyama.jpg 1980
Yatsushiro Myoken Shinkō Festival[78] 八代妙見祭の神幸行事 22–23 November Yatsushiro, Kumamoto 2011
Floats of the Hita Gion Festival[79] 日田祗園の曳山行事 Weekend following 20 July Hita, Ōita Hita Gionmaturi Kaomise.png 1996
Shioya Ungami Sea Festival[80] 塩屋湾のウンガミ First day of gai following Obon* Ōgimi, Okinawa 1997

Those dates marked with an * follow the traditional calendar.

Folk performing arts[edit]

Kagura[edit]

Kagura (神楽 kagura?) (lit. "god entertainment") are dances associated with Shinto shrines.

There have been 30 designations, all under Criteria 1.

Name Japanese Location Image Designated
Noh Dance of Shimokita 下北の能舞 Shimokita District, Aomori 1989
Kuromori Kagura 黒森神楽 Miyako, Iwate 2006
Hayachine Kagura 早池峰神楽 Hanamaki, Iwate 1976
Ogatsuhōin Kagura 雄勝法印神楽 Ishinomaki, Miyagi 1996
Nekko Bangaku 根子番楽 Kita-Akita, Akita 2004
Horōsan no Shimotsuki Kagura 保呂羽山の霜月神楽 Yokote, Akita 1977
Sugisawa Hiyama 杉沢比山 Yuza, Yamagata 1978
Tamashiki Shrine Kagura 玉敷神社神楽 Kisai, Saitama 2008
Washi no Miya Saibara Kagura 鷲宮催馬楽神楽 Washimiya, Saitama 1976
Edo no Sato Kagura 江戸の里神楽 Tokyo 1994
Tōyama Shimotsuki Matsuri 遠山の霜月祭 Iida, Nagano 1979
Tenryū Shimotsuki Kagura 天竜村の霜月神楽 Tenryū, Nagano 1978
Hana Matsuri 花祭 Kitashitara District, Aichi @CIMG3269.jpg 1976
Ise Daikagura 伊勢太神楽 Kuwana, Mie 1981
Okashira Shinji 御頭神事 Ise, Mie 1977
Sada Shin Noh 佐陀神能 Matsue, Shimane 1976
Ōmoto Kagura 大元神楽 Western Shimane 1979
Ōdochi Kagura 大土地神楽 Izumo, Shimane 2005
Bitchu Kagura 備中神楽 Okayama 1979
Hibakōjin Kagura 比婆荒神神楽 Hiba District, Hiroshima 1979
Iwakuni Yukaba no Kanmai 岩国行波の神舞 Iwakuni, Yamaguchi 1979
Mitsukuri Kagura 三作神楽 Shunan, Yamaguchi 2000
Iyo Kagura 伊予神楽 Kihoku, Ehime 1981
Tosa Kagura 土佐の神楽 Kōchi 1980
Iki Kagura 壱岐神楽 Iki, Nagasaki 1987
Hirado Kagura 平戸神楽 Hirado, Nagasaki 1987
Ondake Kagura 御嶽神楽 Bungo-ōno, Ōita 2007
Takachiho Night Kagura 高千穂の夜神楽 Takachiho, Miyazaki 1978
Shiiba Kagura 椎葉神楽 Shiiba, Miyazaki 椎葉神楽(不土野).jpg 1991
Mera Kagura 米良神楽 Saito, Miyazaki 1977

Dengaku[edit]

Dengaku (田楽 dengaku?) (lit. "field music") are musical presentations/dances related to rice planting.

There have been 24 designations, all under Criteria 1.

Name Japanese Location Image Designated
Hachinohe Enburi 八戸のえんぶり Hachinohe, Aomori 1979
Yamaya Taue Odori 山屋の田植踊 Shiwa, Iwate 1981
Akiu Taue Odori 秋保の田植踊 Sendai 1976
Gohōden Chigo Dengaku and Customs 御宝殿の稚児田楽・風流 Iwaki, Fukushima 1976
Ishii Shichifukujin and Taue Odori 石井の七福神と田植踊 Nihonmatsu, Fukushima 1995
Tsutsukowake Shrine Otaue 都々古別神社の御田植 Tanagura, Fukushima 2004
Itabashi Taasobi 板橋の田遊び Itabashi, Tokyo 1976
Mizuumi Dengaku and Nōmai 水海の田楽・能舞 Ikeda, Fukui Mizuumi 04 能舞.jpg 1976
Mutsuki Shinji 睦月神事 Fukui, Fukui 1978
Gero Ta-no-Kami Festival 下呂の田の神祭 Gero, Gifu 1981
Nishiure Dengaku 西浦の田楽 Hamamatsu, Shizuoka 1976
Fujimori Taasobi 藤守の田遊び Yaizu, Shizuoka 1977
Mikawa Dengaku 三河の田楽 Shitara, Aichi 1978
Isobe Omita 磯部の御神田 Shima, Mie Izawa-mitaue 03.JPG 1990
Tawara Onda 田原の御田 Nantan, Kyoto 2000
Sumiyoshi Otaue 住吉の御田植 Osaka 1979
Hanazono Ondamai 花園の御田舞 Katsuragi, Wakayama 1981
Suginohara Ondamai 杉野原の御田舞 Aridagawa, Wakayama 1987
Nachi Dengaku 那智の田楽 Nachikatsuura, Wakayama 1976
Oki Dengaku and Niwa no Mai 隠岐の田楽と庭の舞 Nishinoshima, Shimane 1992
Aki Hayashida 安芸のはやし田 Yamagata District, Hiroshima 1997
Shiohara Daisen Kuyō Taue 塩原の大山供養田植 Shōbara, Hiroshima 2002
Kiragawa Onta Matsuri 吉良川の御田祭 Muroto, Kōchi 1977
Shirahige Shrine Dengaku 白鬚神社の田楽 Saga, Saga 2000

Fūryū[edit]

Fūryū Odori (風流踊 fūryū odori?) (lit. "elegant dances") are traditional folk dances often consisting of large processions of participants typically wearing colorful costumes and accompanied by props. Another form represented below is Nenbutsu Odori (念仏踊 nenbutsu odori?) and the syncretic Nenbutsu Fūryū (念仏風流 nenbutsu fūryū?). In these dances, dancing is accompanied by Buddhist chanting and hymns.

The most common surviving example of these dances is the Bon Odori.

There have been 33 designations, all designated under Criteria 1.

Name Description/Remarks Location Image Designated Reference
Nagai Great Nenbutsu Sword Dance
永井の大念仏剣舞
Nagai Dainenbutsu Kenbai
Morioka, Iwate 1980 [15]
Oni Sword Dance
鬼剣舞
Oni Kenbai
A dance in which a small number of dancers wearing samurai armor and oni masks dance and stomp on the ground. The oni represent local protectors, scaring away evil spirits. Kitakami, Iwate 1993 [16]
Nishimonai Bon Odori
西馬音内の盆踊
Nishimonai no Bon Odori
Ugo, Akita 1981 [17]
Kemanai Bon Odori
毛馬内の盆踊
Kemanai no Bon Odori
Kazuno, Akita 1998 [18]
Shimohirai Phoenix Dance
下平井の鳳凰の舞
Shimohirai no Hōō no Mai
Hinode, Tokyo 2006 [19]
Ogōchi Kashima Dance
小河内の鹿島踊
Ogōchi no Kashima Odori
Okutama, Tokyo 1980 [20]
Niijima Great Dance
新島の大踊
Niijima no Ōodori
Niijima, Tokyo 2005 [21]
Chakkirako
チャッキラコ
Chakkirako
Miura, Kanagawa 1976 [22]
Yamakita Omine-iri
山北のお峰入り
Yamakita no Omine-iri
The term Omine-iri (お峰入り?) (lit. "entering the mountains") refers to practitioners of Shugendō setting off on pilgrimages. The Yamakita area was a center of such practitioners in the 19th Century.[81] Yamakita, Kanagawa 1981 [23]
Ayako Dance
綾子舞
Ayakomai
Kashiwazaki, Niigata 1976 [24]
Dai no Saka
大の阪
Dai no Saka
Uonuma, Niigata 1998 [25]
Mushōno Great Nenbutsu
無生野の大念仏
Mushōno no Dainenbutsu
Uenohara, Yamanashi Mushono-Dainembutsu dance.JPG 1995 [26]
Niino Bon Odori
新野の盆踊
Niino no Bon Odori
Anan, Nagano 1998 [27]
Atobe Dancing Nenbutsu
跡部の踊り念仏
Atobe no Odori Nenbutsu
Saku, Nagano 2000 [28]
Gujō Dance
郡上踊
Gujō Odori
Gujō, Gifu Gujo Odori.jpg 1996 [29]
Tokuyama Bon Odori
徳山の盆踊
Tokuyama no Bon Odori
Kawanehon, Shizuoka 1987 [30]
Utōgi Bon Odori
有東木の盆踊
Utōgi no Bon Odori
Shizuoka, Shizuoka 1999 [31]
Ayado Night Nenbutsu and Bon Odori
綾渡の夜念仏と盆踊
Ayado Yonenbutsu to Bon Odori
Toyota, Aichi 1997 [32]
Yasuraibana
やすらい花
Yasuraibana
Kyoto 1987 [33]
Kuta Hanagasa Dance
久多の花笠踊
Kuta no Hanagasa Odori
Kyoto 1997 [34]
Kyoto Rokusai Nenbutsu
京都の六斎念仏
Kyōto no Rokusai Nenbutsu
Kyoto 1983 [35]
Totsukawa Great Dance
十津川の大踊
Totsukawa no Ōodori
Totsukawa, Nara 1989 [36]
Tsuwano Yasaka Shrine Sagimai
津和野弥栄神社の鷺舞
Tsuwano Yasaka Jinja no Sagimai
Tsuwano, Shimane 1994 [37]
Ōmiya Dance
大宮踊
Ōmiya Odori
Maniwa, Okayama 1997 [38]
Shiraishi Dance
白石踊
Shiraishi Odori
Kasaoka, Okayama 1976 [39]
Nishiiya God Dance
西祖谷の神代踊
Nishiiya no Jindai Odori
Miyoshi, Tokushima 1976 [40]
Ayako Dance
綾子踊
Ayako Odori
Mannō, Kagawa 1976 [41]
Takimiya Nenbutsu Dance
滝宮の念仏踊
Takimiya no Nenbutsu Odori
Ayagawa, Kagawa 1977 [42]
Takeo Araodori
武雄の荒踊
Takeo no Araodori
Takeo, Saga 1977 [43]
Hirado Jankara
平戸のジャンガラ
Hirado no Jankara
Hirado, Nagasaki 1997 [44]
Yoshihirogaku
吉弘楽
Yoshihirogaku
Kunisaki, Ōita 1996 [45]
Gokase Araodori
五ヶ瀬の荒踊
Gokase no Araodori
Gokase, Miyazaki 1987 [46]
Ichiki Tanabata Dance
市来の七夕踊
Ichiki no Tanabata Odori
Ichikikushikino, Kagoshima 1981 [47]

Storytelling[edit]

5 designations. All were designated under Criteria 1.

Name Japanese Location Image Designated
Echizen Manzai 越前萬歳 Echizen, Fukui 1995
Mikawa Manzai 三河万歳 Aichi Prefecture 1995
Owari Manzai 尾張万歳 Chita, Aichi 1996
Daimokutate 題目立 Nara, Nara 1976
Kōwakamai 幸若舞 Miyama, Fukuoka 1976

Ennen and Okonai[edit]

Ennen (延年 ennen?) (lit. "extend the years") are Buddhist temple entertainments performed at the end of Buddhist services and believed to extend the listeners' lifespans.[82] Okonai (おこない okonai?) (lit. "deeds") are Buddhist New Year celebrations in which the evils of the past year are driven away.

There have been 7 designations, all under Criteria 1.

Name Japanese Location Image Designated
Mōtsūji Ennen 毛越寺の延年 Hiraizumi, Iwate 1977
Obasama Ennen 小迫の延年 Kurihara, Miyagi 1979
Kotaki Choukrairo Dance 小滝のチョウクライロ舞 Nikaho, Akita 2004
Nechiyamadera Ennen 根知山寺の延年 Itoigawa, Niigata 1980
Nagataki Ennen 長滝の延年 Gujō, Gifu 1977
Tōtōmi Hiyondori and Okunai 遠江のひよんどりとおくない Hamamatsu, Shizuoka 1994
Oki Kokubunji Lotus Dance 隠岐国分寺蓮華会舞 Okinoshima, Shimane 1977

Entertainment from Abroad and Performance Arts[edit]

36 designations. All were designated under Criteria 1.

Name Japanese Location Image Designated
Dainichidō Bugaku 大日堂舞楽 Kazuno, Akita 1976
Kurokawa Noh 黒川能 Tsuruoka, Yamagata 1976
Hayashike Bugaku 林家舞楽 Kahoku, Yamagata 1981
Tsunabi 綱火 Tsukubamirai, Ibaraki 1976
Annaka Nakajuku Tōrō Ningyō 安中中宿の燈篭人形 Annaka, Gunma 1977
Kiraigō 鬼来迎 Yokoshibahikari, Chiba 1976
Sagami Ningyō Shibai 相模人形芝居 Odawara and Atsugi, Kanagawa 1980
Sado Ningyō Shibai 佐渡の人形芝居(文弥人形、説経人形、のろま人形) Sado, Niigata 1977
Itoigawa Bugaku 糸魚川・能生の舞楽 Itoigawa, Niigata 1980
Yahiko Shrine Lantern Carrying and Buraku 弥彦神社燈篭おしと舞楽 Yahiko, Niigata 1978
Etchū Chigomai 越中の稚児舞 Toyama 1982
Oguchi Dekumawashi 尾口のでくまわし Hakusan, Ishikawa 1977
Itozaki Buddha Dance 糸崎の仏舞 Fukui, Fukui 2004
Tenzushi Mai Dance 天津司舞 Kōfu, Yamanashi 9 of Tenzushi-mai dance dolls.JPG 1976
Makuwa Ningyō Jōruri 真桑人形浄瑠璃 Motosu, Gifu 1984
Nōgō Noh and Kyōgen 能郷の能・狂言 Motosu, Gifu 1976
Tōtōmi Mori Bugaku 遠江森町の舞楽 Mori, Shizuoka 1982
Chiryū Float Bunraku and Karakuri 知立の山車文楽とからくり Chiryū, Aichi 1990
Anori Ningyō Shibai 安乗の人形芝居 Shima, Mie 1980
Saeki Tōrō 佐伯灯籠 Kameoka, Kyoto 2009
Saga Dainenbutsu Kyōgen 嵯峨大念仏狂言 Kyoto 1986
Matsunōdera Buddha Dance 松尾寺の仏舞 Maizuru, Kyoto 2004
Mibu Kyōgen 壬生狂言 Kyoto Mibu Kyogen 07.jpg 1976
Jōryōue Bugaku 聖霊会の舞楽 Osaka 1976
Kuruma Ōtoshi Shrine Fan Dance 車大歳神社の翁舞 Kobe Kuruma okina mai.jpg 2000
Awaji Ningyō Jōruri 淡路人形浄瑠璃 Minamiawaji, Hyōgo 1976
Nara Subiko Shrine Fan Dance 奈良豆比古神社の翁舞 Nara, Nara 2000
Awa Ningyō Jōruri 阿波人形浄瑠璃 Tokushima Prefecture 1999
Yame Fukushima Tōrō Ningyō 八女福島の燈篭人形 Yame, Fukuoka 1977
Hachiman Kohyō Shrine Kugutsu Dance and Sumo 八幡古表神社の傀儡子の舞と相撲 Yoshitomi, Fukuoka 1983
Kikuchi Matsubayashi 菊池の松囃子 Kikuchi, Kumamoto 1998
Koyō Shrine Kugutsu Dance and Sumo 古要神社の傀儡子の舞と相撲 Nakatsu, Ōita 1983
Yamanokuchi Bunya Ningyō 山之口の文弥人形 Miyakonojō, Miyazaki 1995
Shodon Shibaya 諸鈍芝居 Setouchi, Kagoshima 1976
Tōgō Bunyabushi Ningyō Jōruri 東郷文弥節人形浄瑠璃 Satsumasendai, Kagoshima 2008
Yoron Jūgoya Odori 与論の十五夜踊 Yoron, Kagoshima 1993

Other[edit]

16 designations. All were designated under Criteria 1.

Name Japanese Location Image Designated
Ainu Ancient Dances アイヌ古式舞踊 Hokkaido 1984
Ame no Miya Shrine Shinji Arts 雨宮の神事芸能 Chikuma, Nagano 1981
Snow Festival 雪祭 Anan, Nagano 1977
Nangū Shrine Shinji Arts 南宮の神事芸能 Tarui, Gifu 1979
Kamikamogawa Sumiyoshi Shrine Shinji Dance 上鴨川住吉神社神事舞 Katō, Hyōgo 1977
Kasuga Wakamiya Onmatsuri Shinji Arts 春日若宮おん祭の神事芸能 Nara, Nara 1979
Takezaki Kanzeonji Temple's Shujōe Oni Festival 竹崎観世音寺修正会鬼祭 Tara, Saga 1985
Nagasaki Kunchi Hono-Odori 長崎くんちの奉納踊 Nagasaki, Nagasaki 1979
Shujō Oni Festival 修正鬼会 Bungotakada, Ōita 1977
Ada Shinugu Festival 安田のシヌグ Kunigami, Okinawa 1978
Iejima Folk Dance 伊江島の村踊 Ie, Okinawa 1998
Kohamajima Bon, Kitsugan, and Taneduri Festivals 小浜島の盆、結願祭、種子取祭の芸能 Kohamajima, Okinawa 2007
Iriomote Shichi Festival 西表島の節祭 Iriomote, Okinawa 1991
Tarama Hōnensai Festival 多良間の豊年祭 Tarama, Okinawa 1976
Taketomi Taneduri Festival 竹富島の種子取 Taketomi, Okinawa 1977
Yonaguni Festival Arts 与那国島の祭事の芸能 Yonaguni, Okinawa 1985

Folk Techniques[edit]

Manufacturing and Production[edit]

10 designations.

Name Criteria Remarks Location Image
Manufacture technology of Japanese-style ships in the Tsugaru Strait and surrounding area (津軽海峡及び周辺地域における和船製作技術 Tsugaru kaikyō oyobi shūhen chiiki ni okeru wasen seisaku gijutsu?) 2, 3 Tsugaru Strait, Aomori
Manufacture technology of Itaya baskets in Akita (秋田のイタヤ箕製作技術 Akita no itaya-mi seisaku gijutsu?) 3 Taiheikurosawa, Akita and Kumoshikari, Kakunodate, Semboku; Akita
Manufacture technology of Kōnosu Akamono (red things for good luck) (鴻巣の赤物製作技術 kōnosu no akamono seisaku gijutsu?) 3 Kōnosu, Saitama
Excavation technology of Kazusa (上総掘りの技術 kazusa bori no gijutsu?) 3 Kazusa, Chiba
Manufacture technology of wisteria baskets in Kizumi (木積の藤箕製作技術 Kizumi no fujimi seisaku gijutsu?) 3 Kizumi, Sōsa, Chiba
Manufacture technology of Tarai Bune tub boats in Ogi (小木のたらい舟製作技術 ogi no taraibune seisaku gijutsu?) 3 Ogi, Sado, Niigata
ronden kumanashi no fujimi seisaku gijutsu (論田・熊無の藤箕製作技術?) 3 Kumanashi, Himi, Toyama
Salt-making technology of the agehamashiki method on the Noto Peninsula (能登の揚浜式製塩の技術 Noto no agehamashiki seien no gijutsu?) 2, 3 Shimizu, Suzu, Ishikawa
Manufacture technology of Yoshino barrel-staves (吉野の樽丸製作技術 Yoshino no tarumaru seisaku gijutsu?) 3 Nara
Manufacture technology of hot-springs mineral deposits of Myōban Onsen in Beppu (別府明礬温泉の湯の花製造技術 Beppu Myōban onsen no yu no hana seizō gijutsu?) 3 Myōban, Beppu, Ōita Myoban Onsen 02.jpg

Necessities of life[edit]

2 designations.

Name Criteria Remarks Location Image
Manufacture techniques of Etchū Fukuoka sedge-woven hats (越中福岡の菅笠製作技術 Etchū Fukuoka no sugegasa seisaku gijutsu?) 3 Fukuoka, Takaoka, Toyama
Manufacture techniques of Enako Bandori (straw raincoats) (江名子バンドリの製作技術 enako bandori noseisaku gijutsu?) 3 Enako-chō, Takayama, Gifu

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Each day in another district of the town
  2. ^ Mounds are constructed every year which is special for 108 lights festivals

References[edit]

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External links[edit]