List of Indian reserves in Canada by population

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This is a list of indian reserves in Canada which have over 500 people, listed in order of population from data collected during the 2006 Census of Canada.[1] Approximately 40% of First Nations people live on federally recognized Indian reserves.[2] Note: this list is incomplete in that many Indian Reserves are "Incompletely enumerated", meaning that "enumeration was not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed."[3] There are 13 Indian reserves which have not been enumerated in the last 3 censuses.[4] Some of these are quite large. The largest reserve in Canada, Six Nations 40, Ontario for example is one of these 13 reserves. It has around 20,000 people. Along with Six Nations 40, other Mohawk reserves such as Akwesasne and Kahnawake also have populations of around 10,000.

List[edit]

  1. Tsinstikeptum 9, British Columbia: 5,170 (4,465 non-Aboriginal identity, 705 Aboriginal identity)[5]Westbank First Nation, Okanagan people, West Kelowna (According to the Westbank First Nation themselves, approximately 6,000 non-band members and 500 First Nation Westbank band members live on the two Tsinstikeptum reserves.[6])
  2. Moose Cree First Nation 144, Ontario: 4,500 - Moose Factory, Ontario
  3. Blood 148, Alberta: 4,177 (Tsuu T'ina people)
  4. Samson 137, Alberta: 3,295 (Cree people)
  5. Eskasoni 3, Nova Scotia: 2,952 Mi'kmaq people)
  6. Siksika 146, Alberta: 2,767
  7. St. Theresa Point, Manitoba: 2,632
  8. Stoney 142, 143, 144, Alberta: 2,529
  9. Sandy Bay 5, Manitoba: 2,518
  10. Peguis 1B, Manitoba: 2,513
  11. Capilano 5, British Columbia: 2,495 (1,635 non-Aboriginal identity, 850 Aboriginal identity)[7] (traditional name is X̱wemelch'stn), governed by the Squamish Nation band government of the Skwxwu7mesh people, North Vancouver/West Vancouver
  12. Listuguj, Quebec: 2,400 (around)
  13. Wikwemikong Unceded, Ontario: 2,387
  14. Betsiamites, Quebec: 2,357
  15. Okanagan 1, British Columbia (part): 2,192 — Okanagan Indian Band, Okanagan people, Vernon
  16. Opaskwayak Cree Nation 21E, Manitoba: 2,187
  17. Sagkeeng First Nation 3, Manitoba: 2,121
  18. Pikangikum 14, Ontario: 2,100
  19. Nelson House 170, Manitoba: 2,096
  20. Oxford House 24, Manitoba: 1,947
  21. Duck Lake 7, British Columbia: 1,925 (1,850 non-Aboriginal identity, 75 Aboriginal identity),[8]Okanagan Indian Band, Okanagan people, Lake Country
  22. Garden Hill First Nation, Manitoba: 1,898
  23. Big Cove 15, New Brunswick: 1,897
  24. Walpole Island 46, Ontario: 1,878
  25. Manawan, Quebec: 1,843
  26. Sandy Lake 88, Ontario: 1,843
  27. Split Lake 17, Manitoba (part): 1,819
  28. Fort Albany 67, Ontario (part): 1,805
  29. Kamloops 1, British Columbia: 1,785 (990 non-Aboriginal identity, 795 Aboriginal identity)[9]Kamloops Indian Band, Secwepemc people, Kamloops
  30. Obedjiwan, Quebec: 1,782
  31. Cowichan 1, British Columbia: 1,805 (50 non-Aboriginal identity, 1750 Aboriginal identity)[10]Cowichan Tribes, Coast Salish, Duncan
  32. Fox Lake 162, Alberta: 1,753
  33. Seekaskootch 119, Saskatchewan: 1,752
  34. Mashteuiatsh, Quebec: 1,749
  35. Cross Lake 19A, Manitoba: 1,663
  36. New Songhees 1A, British Columbia: 1,643 — Songhees First Nation, Coast Salish, Esquimalt
  37. East Saanich 2, British Columbia: 1,637
  38. Fisher River Cree Nation 44,44A , Manitoba: 1,600 [1]
  39. Cross Lake 19, Manitoba: 1,586
  40. Lac la Ronge 156, Saskatchewan: 1,534
  41. Pukatawagan 198, Manitoba: 1,478
  42. Penticton 1, British Columbia: 1,470 (995 non-Aboriginal identity, 475 Aboriginal identity)[11]Penticton Indian Band, Okanagan people, Penticton
  43. Stanley 157, Saskatchewan: 1,467
  44. Ermineskin 138, Alberta: 1,464
  45. Big River 118, Saskatchewan: 1,437
  46. Stony Plain 135, Alberta: 1,418
  47. Nipissing 10, Ontario: 1,413
  48. Burrard Inlet 3, British Columbia: 1,405 (Tsleil-Waututh First Nation, Coast Salish, District of North Vancouver
  49. Musqueam 2, British Columbia: 1,370 (760 non-Aboriginal identity, 605 Aboriginal identity)[12] Musqueam Nation, Coast Salish Vancouver
  50. Pelican Narrows 184B, Saskatchewan: 1,342
  51. Piikani 147, Alberta: 1,300
  52. White Fish Lake 128, Alberta: 1,237
  53. Uashat, Quebec: 1,190
  54. Ebb and Flow 52, Manitoba: 1,189
  55. Tzeachten 13, British Columbia: 1,165 (895 non-Aboriginal identity, 275 Aboriginal identity)[13]Sto:lo Nation, Sto:lo people, Sardis (Chilliwack)
  56. Louis Bull 138B, Alberta: 1,180
  57. Lac-Simon, Quebec: 1,165
  58. Kitigan Zibi, Quebec: 1,165
  59. Beardy's 97 and Okemasis 96, Saskatchewan: 1,161
  60. Wasagamack, Manitoba: 1,160
  61. Fort Hope 64, Ontario: 1,144
  62. Waywayseecappo First Nation, Manitoba: 1,127
  63. Maliotenam, Quebec: 1,123
  64. Esgenoôpetitj 14 (formerly Burnt Church 14): 1,120
  65. Sturgeon Lake 101, Saskatchewan: 1,116
  66. Chicken 224, Saskatchewan: 1,109
  67. God's Lake 23, Manitoba: 1,105
  68. Ahtahkakoop 104, Saskatchewan: 1,101
  69. Wabamun 133A, Alberta: 1,088
  70. Sioux Valley Dakota Nation, Manitoba: 1,079
  71. Wemotaci, Quebec: 1,073
  72. Bella Bella 1, British Columbia: 2,506 — Heiltsuk Nation, Heiltsuk people, Bella Bella
  73. Curve Lake First Nation 35, Ontario: 1,060
  74. Sturgeon Lake 154, Alberta: 1,051
  75. Tsinstikeptum 10, British Columbia: 1,040 (945 non-Aboriginal identity, 105 Aboriginal identity)[14]Westbank First Nation, Okanagan people, West Kelowna)(According to the Westbank First Nation, approximately 6,000 non-band members and 500 First Nation Westbank band members live on the two Tsinstikeptum reserves.[6])
  76. John D'Or Prairie 215, Alberta: 1,025
  77. Kettle Point 44, Ontario: 1,020
  78. Indian Brook 14, Nova Scotia: 1,014
  79. Kehewin 123, Alberta: 1,007
  80. Garden River 14, Ontario: 985
  81. Chemawawin 2, Manitoba: 983
  82. Mistawasis 103, Saskatchewan: 968
  83. Alexander 134, Alberta: 962
  84. Lac La Hache 220, Saskatchewan: 953
  85. Hay Lake 209, Alberta: 951
  86. La Romaine, Quebec: 926
  87. Shamattawa 1, Manitoba: 920
  88. Kitchenuhmaykoosib Aaki 84, Ontario: 916
  89. Southend 200, Saskatchewan: 910
  90. Fort William 52, Ontario: 909
  91. Fairford 50, Manitoba (part): 904
  92. Sagamok, Ontario: 884
  93. Montreal Lake 106, Saskatchewan: 880
  94. Tobique 20, New Brunswick: 878
  95. Gordon 86, Saskatchewan: 866
  96. Wabasca 166D, Alberta: 863
  97. Mnjikaning First Nation 32, Ontario: 846
  98. Red Sucker Lake 1976, Manitoba: 845
  99. Canoe Lake 165, Saskatchewan: 822
  100. Lac Seul 28, Ontario: 821
  101. Kimosom Pwatinahk 203, Saskatchewan: 821
  102. Thunderchild First Nation 115B, Saskatchewan: 819
  103. Chitek Lake 191, Saskatchewan: 818
  104. Natashquan, Quebec: 810
  105. Fond du Lac 227, Saskatchewan: 801
  106. Makwa Lake 129B, Saskatchewan: 800
  107. Mount Currie 6, British Columbia: 799Mount Currie Indian Band, St'at'imc/Lilwat people, Mount Currie
  108. Little Grand Rapids 14, Manitoba: 796
  109. White Bear 70, Saskatchewan: 796
  110. Bella Coola 1, British Columbia: 788 — Nuxalk Nation, Nuxalk people, Bella Coola
  111. Wabaseemoong, Ontario: 786
  112. Utikoomak Lake 155, Alberta: 786
  113. Skidegate 1, British Columbia: 781 — Skidegate First Nation/Council of the Haida Nation, Haida people, Skidegate
  114. Devon 30, New Brunswick: 767
  115. M'Chigeeng 22, Ontario: 766
  116. Saugeen 29, Ontario: 758
  117. Long Plain 6, Manitoba (part): 752
  118. Unipouheos 121, Alberta: 749
  119. Chippewas of the Thames First Nation 42, Ontario: 747
  120. Buffalo River Dene Nation 193, Ontario: 741
  121. Berens River 13, Manitoba: 739
  122. Alexis 133, Alberta: 734
  123. Waterhen 130, Saskatchewan: 727
  124. Membertou 28B, Nova Scotia: 726
  125. Gitanmaax 1, British Columbia: 723 — Gitxsan Nation, Old Hazelton
  126. Gitsegukla 1, British Columbia: 721 — Gitxsan Nation, Gitseguecla
  127. Drift Pile River 150, Alberta: 720
  128. James Smith 100, Saskatchewan: 708
  129. Natuashish 2, Newfoundland and Labrador: 706
  130. Sarnia 45, Ontario: 706
  131. Millbrook 27, Nova Scotia: 703
  132. Constance Lake 92, Ontario: 702
  133. Weagamow Lake 87, Ontario: 700
  134. Moose Lake 31A, Manitoba: 698
  135. Masset 1, British Columbia: 694
  136. Couchiching 16A, Ontario: 691
  137. Poorman 88, Saskatchewan: 688
  138. Chemainus 13, British Columbia: 684
  139. Sliammon 1, British Columbia: 682
  140. Kasabonika Lake, Ontario: 681
  141. Deer Lake, Ontario: 681
  142. Lax Kw'alaams 1, British Columbia: 679 — Tsimshian, Port Simpson
  143. Tsawwassen Indian Reserve, British Columbia: 675 (475 non-Aboriginal identity, 200 Aboriginal identity)[15]Tsawaassen First Nation, Coast Salish people, Tsawwassen (Delta)
  144. Assiniboine 76, Saskatchewan: 671
  145. Kitsakie 156B, Saskatchewan: 671
  146. Marktosis 15, British Columbia: 661 — Tla-o-qui-aht First Nations, Nuu-chah-nulth people, Marktosis (in Clayoquot Sound, NW of Tofino)
  147. Clearwater River Dene 222, Saskatchewan: 658
  148. Red Pheasant 108, Saskatchewan: 656
  149. Priest's Valley 6, British Columbia: 655 (555 non-Aboriginal identity, 105 Aboriginal identity)[16]Okanagan Indian Band, Okanagan people, Vernon
  150. Grand Rapids 33, Manitoba: 651
  151. Wabasca 166A, Alberta: 648
  152. Poplar River 16, Manitoba: 643
  153. Montana 139, Alberta: 635
  154. English River 21, Ontario: 633
  155. Whycocomagh 2, Nova Scotia: 623
  156. Whitefish Bay 32A , Ontario: 622
  157. Hole or Hollow Water 10, Ontario: 619
  158. Flying Dust First Nation 105, Saskatchewan: 619
  159. Dog Creek 46, Ontario: 617
  160. Kispiox 1, British Columbia: 617
  161. Webequie, Ontario: 614
  162. Pine Creek 66A, Manitoba: 614
  163. Woyenne 27, British Columbia: 614 — Lake Babine Nation, Dakelh people, burns Lake
  164. Cote 64, Saskatchewan: 607
  165. Cross Lake 19E, Manitoba: 605
  166. Lac Brochet 197A, Manitoba: 604
  167. Shoal River Indian Reserve 65A, Manitoba: 603
  168. Osoyoos 1, British Columbia: 600 (255 non-Aboriginal identity, 345 Aboriginal identity)[17]Osoyoos Indian Band, Okanagan people, Osoyoos
  169. Cumberland House Cree Nation 20, Saskatchewan: 595
  170. Sucker Creek 150A, Alberta: 594
  171. Neyaashiinigmiing 27, Ontario: 591
  172. Carrot River 29A, Saskatchewan: 590
  173. Christian Island 30, Ontario: 584
  174. Little Pine 116, Saskatchewan: 577
  175. Bloodvein 12, Manitoba: 576
  176. South Saanich 1, British Columbia: 571
  177. Mission 1, British Columbia: 569 — Esla7an/Squamish Nation, Skwxwu7mesh people, North Vancouver
  178. Roseau River 2, Manitoba: 568
  179. Rankin Location 15D, Ontario: 566
  180. Chehalis 5, British Columbia: 560 — Chehalis First Nation, Sto:lo people, Chehalis
  181. God's River 86A, Manitoba: 556
  182. Muskoday First Nation, Saskatchewan: 553
  183. Seabird Island, British Columbia: 548 — Seabird First Nation, Sto:lo people, Sea Bird Island (near Agassiz)
  184. Shoal Lake 28A, Saskatchewan: 545
  185. Ministikwan 161, Saskatchewan: 533
  186. Matimekosh, Quebec: 528
  187. Wapachewunak 192D, Saskatchewan: 526
  188. Anahim's Flat 1, British Columbia: 526
  189. Kitamaat 2, British Columbia: 514 — Haisla Nation, Haisla people, Kitimat
  190. Cowessess 73, Saskatchewan: 513
  191. Alderville First Nation, Ontario: 506
  192. Kahkewistahaw 72, Saskatchewan: 506
  193. Timiskaming, Quebec: 505
  194. The Narrows 49, Manitoba: 505
  195. Eel Ground 2, New Brunswick: 503
  196. Keeseekoose 66, Saskatchewan: 500

2001 Census[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aboriginal Peoples - Select a province/territory". 2.statcan.gc.ca. 2010-06-10. Retrieved 2014-03-14. 
  2. ^ "Aboriginal Peoples in Canada in 2006: Inuit, Métis and First Nations, 2006 Census: First Nations People: Fewer First Nations people live on reserve than off reserve". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-05-01. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  3. ^ "2006 Census of Population". 2.statcan.ca. 2014-02-05. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  4. ^ "2006 Census of Population". 2.statcan.ca. 2014-02-05. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  5. ^ "Census Canada 2006 CommunityProfiles, Tsinstikeptum 9". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  6. ^ a b "2008 WFN Economic Profile" (PDF). Westbank First Nation. 
  7. ^ "Census Canada 2006 Community Profiile, Capilano 5". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  8. ^ "Census Canada 2006 Community profile, Duck Lake 7)". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  9. ^ p Canada 2006 Community Profile, Kamloops 1
  10. ^ "Census Canada 2006 Community Profile, Cowichan 1". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  11. ^ "Census Canada Community Profile, Penticton 1". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  12. ^ "Census Canada 20067 Community Profile, Musqueam 2". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  13. ^ "Census Canada Community Profile 2006, Tzeachten 13". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  14. ^ "Census Canada 2006 Community Profile Tsinstikeptum 10". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  15. ^ "Census Canada 2006 Community Profile, Tsawwassen (IR)". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  16. ^ Census Canada 2006 Community Profiile, Priest's Valley 6
  17. ^ "Census Canada 2006 Community Profile, Osoyoos 1". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13.