List of Indian reserves in Canada by population

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This is a list of indian reserves in Canada which have over 500 people, listed in order of population from data collected during the 2006 Census of Canada.[1] Approximately 40% of First Nations people live on federally recognized Indian reserves.[2] Note: this list is incomplete in that many Indian Reserves are "Incompletely enumerated", meaning that "enumeration was not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed."[3] There are 13 Indian reserves which have not been enumerated in the last 3 censuses.[4] Some of these are quite large. The largest reserve in Canada, Six Nations 40, Ontario for example is one of these 13 reserves. It has around 20,000 people. Along with Six Nations 40, other Mohawk reserves such as Akwesasne and Kahnawake also have populations of around 10,000.

List[edit]

  1. Tsinstikeptum 9, British Columbia: 5,170 (4,465 non-Aboriginal identity, 705 Aboriginal identity)[5]Westbank First Nation, Okanagan people, West Kelowna (According to the Westbank First Nation themselves, approximately 6,000 non-band members and 500 First Nation Westbank band members live on the two Tsinstikeptum reserves.[6])
  2. Blood 148, Alberta: 4,177 (Tsuu T'ina people)
  3. Samson 137, Alberta: 3,295 (Cree people)
  4. Eskasoni 3, Nova Scotia: 2,952 Mi'kmaq people)
  5. Siksika 146, Alberta: 2,767
  6. St. Theresa Point, Manitoba: 2,632
  7. Stoney 142, 143, 144, Alberta: 2,529
  8. Sandy Bay 5, Manitoba: 2,518
  9. Peguis 1B, Manitoba: 2,513
  10. Capilano 5, British Columbia: 2,495 (1,635 non-Aboriginal identity, 850 Aboriginal identity)[7] (traditional name is X̱wemelch'stn), governed by the Squamish Nation band government of the Skwxwu7mesh people, North Vancouver/West Vancouver
  11. Listuguj, Quebec: 2,400 (around)
  12. Wikwemikong Unceded, Ontario: 2,387
  13. Betsiamites, Quebec: 2,357
  14. Okanagan 1, British Columbia (part): 2,192 — Okanagan Indian Band, Okanagan people, Vernon
  15. Opaskwayak Cree Nation 21E, Manitoba: 2,187
  16. Sagkeeng First Nation 3, Manitoba: 2,121
  17. Pikangikum 14, Ontario: 2,100
  18. Nelson House 170, Manitoba: 2,096
  19. Oxford House 24, Manitoba: 1,947
  20. Duck Lake 7, British Columbia: 1,925 (1,850 non-Aboriginal identity, 75 Aboriginal identity),[8]Okanagan Indian Band, Okanagan people, Lake Country
  21. Garden Hill First Nation, Manitoba: 1,898
  22. Big Cove 15, New Brunswick: 1,897
  23. Walpole Island 46, Ontario: 1,878
  24. Manawan, Quebec: 1,843
  25. Sandy Lake 88, Ontario: 1,843
  26. Split Lake 17, Manitoba (part): 1,819
  27. Fort Albany 67, Ontario (part): 1,805
  28. Kamloops 1, British Columbia: 1,785 (990 non-Aboriginal identity, 795 Aboriginal identity)[9]Kamloops Indian Band, Secwepemc people, Kamloops
  29. Obedjiwan, Quebec: 1,782
  30. Cowichan 1, British Columbia: 1,805 (50 non-Aboriginal identity, 1750 Aboriginal identity)[10]Cowichan Tribes, Coast Salish, Duncan
  31. Fox Lake 162, Alberta: 1,753
  32. Seekaskootch 119, Saskatchewan: 1,752
  33. Mashteuiatsh, Quebec: 1,749
  34. Cross Lake 19A, Manitoba: 1,663
  35. New Songhees 1A, British Columbia: 1,643 — Songhees First Nation, Coast Salish, Esquimalt
  36. East Saanich 2, British Columbia: 1,637
  37. Fisher River Cree Nation 44,44A , Manitoba: 1,600 [1]
  38. Cross Lake 19, Manitoba: 1,586
  39. Lac la Ronge 156, Saskatchewan: 1,534
  40. Pukatawagan 198, Manitoba: 1,478
  41. Penticton 1, British Columbia: 1,470 (995 non-Aboriginal identity, 475 Aboriginal identity)[11]Penticton Indian Band, Okanagan people, Penticton
  42. Stanley 157, Saskatchewan: 1,467
  43. Ermineskin 138, Alberta: 1,464
  44. Big River 118, Saskatchewan: 1,437
  45. Stony Plain 135, Alberta: 1,418
  46. Nipissing 10, Ontario: 1,413
  47. Burrard Inlet 3, British Columbia: 1,405 (Tsleil-Waututh First Nation, Coast Salish, District of North Vancouver
  48. Musqueam 2, British Columbia: 1,370 (760 non-Aboriginal identity, 605 Aboriginal identity)[12] Musqueam Nation, Coast Salish Vancouver
  49. Pelican Narrows 184B, Saskatchewan: 1,342
  50. Piikani 147, Alberta: 1,300
  51. White Fish Lake 128, Alberta: 1,237
  52. Uashat, Quebec: 1,190
  53. Ebb and Flow 52, Manitoba: 1,189
  54. Tzeachten 13, British Columbia: 1,165 (895 non-Aboriginal identity, 275 Aboriginal identity)[13]Sto:lo Nation, Sto:lo people, Sardis (Chilliwack)
  55. Louis Bull 138B, Quebec: 1,180
  56. Lac-Simon, Quebec: 1,165
  57. Kitigan Zibi, Quebec: 1,165
  58. Beardy's 97 and Okemasis 96, Saskatchewan: 1,161
  59. Wasagamack, Manitoba: 1,160
  60. Fort Hope 64, Ontario: 1,144
  61. Waywayseecappo First Nation, Manitoba: 1,127
  62. Maliotenam, Quebec: 1,123
  63. Esgenoôpetitj 14 (formerly Burnt Church 14): 1,120
  64. Sturgeon Lake 101, Saskatchewan: 1,116
  65. Chicken 224, Saskatchewan: 1,109
  66. God's Lake 23, Manitoba: 1,105
  67. Ahtahkakoop 104, Saskatchewan: 1,101
  68. Wabamun 133A, Alberta: 1,088
  69. Sioux Valley Dakota Nation, Manitoba: 1,079
  70. Wemotaci, Quebec: 1,073
  71. Bella Bella 1, British Columbia: 2,506 — Heiltsuk Nation, Heiltsuk people, Bella Bella
  72. Curve Lake First Nation 35, Ontario: 1,060
  73. Sturgeon Lake 154, Alberta: 1,051
  74. Tsinstikeptum 10, British Columbia: 1,040 (945 non-Aboriginal identity, 105 Aboriginal identity)[14]Westbank First Nation, Okanagan people, West Kelowna)(According to the Westbank First Nation, approximately 6,000 non-band members and 500 First Nation Westbank band members live on the two Tsinstikeptum reserves.[6])
  75. John D'Or Prairie 215, Alberta: 1,025
  76. Kettle Point 44, Ontario: 1,020
  77. Indian Brook 14, Nova Scotia: 1,014
  78. Kehewin 123, Alberta: 1,007
  79. Garden River 14, Ontario: 985
  80. Chemawawin 2, Manitoba: 983
  81. Mistawasis 103, Saskatchewan: 968
  82. Alexander 134, Alberta: 962
  83. Lac La Hache 220, Saskatchewan: 953
  84. Hay Lake 209, Alberta: 951
  85. La Romaine, Quebec: 926
  86. Shamattawa 1, Manitoba: 920
  87. Kitchenuhmaykoosib Aaki 84, Ontario: 916
  88. Southend 200, Saskatchewan: 910
  89. Fort William 52, Ontario: 909
  90. Fairford 50, Manitoba (part): 904
  91. Sagamok, Ontario: 884
  92. Montreal Lake 106, Saskatchewan: 880
  93. Tobique 20, New Brunswick: 878
  94. Gordon 86, Saskatchewan: 866
  95. Wabasca 166D, Alberta: 863
  96. Mnjikaning First Nation 32, Ontario: 846
  97. Red Sucker Lake 1976, Manitoba: 845
  98. Canoe Lake 165, Saskatchewan: 822
  99. Lac Seul 28, Ontario: 821
  100. Kimosom Pwatinahk 203, Saskatchewan: 821
  101. Thunderchild First Nation 115B, Saskatchewan: 819
  102. Chitek Lake 191, Saskatchewan: 818
  103. Natashquan, Quebec: 810
  104. Fond du Lac 227, Saskatchewan: 801
  105. Makwa Lake 129B, Saskatchewan: 800
  106. Mount Currie 6, British Columbia: 799Mount Currie Indian Band, St'at'imc/Lilwat people, Mount Currie
  107. Little Grand Rapids 14, Manitoba: 796
  108. White Bear 70, Saskatchewan: 796
  109. Bella Coola 1, British Columbia: 788 — Nuxalk Nation, Nuxalk people, Bella Coola
  110. Wabaseemoong, Ontario: 786
  111. Utikoomak Lake 155, Alberta: 786
  112. Skidegate 1, British Columbia: 781 — Skidegate First Nation/Council of the Haida Nation, Haida people, Skidegate
  113. Devon 30, New Brunswick: 767
  114. M'Chigeeng 22, Ontario: 766
  115. Saugeen 29, Ontario: 758
  116. Long Plain 6, Manitoba (part): 752
  117. Unipouheos 121, Alberta: 749
  118. Chippewas of the Thames First Nation 42, Ontario: 747
  119. Buffalo River Dene Nation 193, Ontario: 741
  120. Berens River 13, Manitoba: 739
  121. Alexis 133, Alberta: 734
  122. Waterhen 130, Saskatchewan: 727
  123. Membertou 28B, Nova Scotia: 726
  124. Gitanmaax 1, British Columbia: 723 — Gitxsan Nation, Old Hazelton
  125. Gitsegukla 1, British Columbia: 721 — Gitxsan Nation, Gitseguecla
  126. Drift Pile River 150, Alberta: 720
  127. James Smith 100, Saskatchewan: 708
  128. Natuashish 2, Newfoundland and Labrador: 706
  129. Sarnia 45, Ontario: 706
  130. Millbrook 27, Nova Scotia: 703
  131. Constance Lake 92, Ontario: 702
  132. Weagamow Lake 87, Ontario: 700
  133. Moose Lake 31A, Manitoba: 698
  134. Masset 1, British Columbia: 694
  135. Couchiching 16A, Ontario: 691
  136. Poorman 88, Saskatchewan: 688
  137. Chemainus 13, British Columbia: 684
  138. Sliammon 1, British Columbia: 682
  139. Kasabonika Lake, Ontario: 681
  140. Deer Lake, Ontario: 681
  141. Lax Kw'alaams 1, British Columbia: 679 — Tsimshian, Port Simpson
  142. Tsawwassen Indian Reserve, British Columbia: 675 (475 non-Aboriginal identity, 200 Aboriginal identity)[15]Tsawaassen First Nation, Coast Salish people, Tsawwassen (Delta)
  143. Assiniboine 76, Saskatchewan: 671
  144. Kitsakie 156B, Saskatchewan: 671
  145. Marktosis 15, British Columbia: 661 — Tla-o-qui-aht First Nations, Nuu-chah-nulth people, Marktosis (in Clayoquot Sound, NW of Tofino)
  146. Clearwater River Dene 222, Saskatchewan: 658
  147. Red Pheasant 108, Saskatchewan: 656
  148. Priest's Valley 6, British Columbia: 655 (555 non-Aboriginal identity, 105 Aboriginal identity)[16]Okanagan Indian Band, Okanagan people, Vernon
  149. Grand Rapids 33, Manitoba: 651
  150. Wabasca 166A, Alberta: 648
  151. Poplar River 16, Manitoba: 643
  152. Montana 139, Alberta: 635
  153. English River 21, Ontario: 633
  154. Whycocomagh 2, Nova Scotia: 623
  155. Whitefish Bay 32A , Ontario: 622
  156. Hole or Hollow Water 10, Ontario: 619
  157. Flying Dust First Nation 105, Saskatchewan: 619
  158. Dog Creek 46, Ontario: 617
  159. Kispiox 1, British Columbia: 617
  160. Webequie, Ontario: 614
  161. Pine Creek 66A, Manitoba: 614
  162. Woyenne 27, British Columbia: 614 — Lake Babine Nation, Dakelh people, burns Lake
  163. Cote 64, Saskatchewan: 607
  164. Cross Lake 19E, Manitoba: 605
  165. Lac Brochet 197A, Manitoba: 604
  166. Shoal River Indian Reserve 65A, Manitoba: 603
  167. Osoyoos 1, British Columbia: 600 (255 non-Aboriginal identity, 345 Aboriginal identity)[17]Osoyoos Indian Band, Okanagan people, Osoyoos
  168. Cumberland House Cree Nation 20, Saskatchewan: 595
  169. Sucker Creek 150A, Alberta: 594
  170. Neyaashiinigmiing 27, Ontario: 591
  171. Carrot River 29A, Saskatchewan: 590
  172. Christian Island 30, Ontario: 584
  173. Little Pine 116, Saskatchewan: 577
  174. Bloodvein 12, Manitoba: 576
  175. South Saanich 1, British Columbia: 571
  176. Mission 1, British Columbia: 569 — Esla7an/Squamish Nation, Skwxwu7mesh people, North Vancouver
  177. Roseau River 2, Manitoba: 568
  178. Rankin Location 15D, Ontario: 566
  179. Chehalis 5, British Columbia: 560 — Chehalis First Nation, Sto:lo people, Chehalis
  180. God's River 86A, Manitoba: 556
  181. Muskoday First Nation, Saskatchewan: 553
  182. Seabird Island, British Columbia: 548 — Seabird First Nation, Sto:lo people, Sea Bird Island (near Agassiz)
  183. Shoal Lake 28A, Saskatchewan: 545
  184. Ministikwan 161, Saskatchewan: 533
  185. Matimekosh, Quebec: 528
  186. Wapachewunak 192D, Saskatchewan: 526
  187. Anahim's Flat 1, British Columbia: 526
  188. Kitamaat 2, British Columbia: 514 — Haisla Nation, Haisla people, Kitimat
  189. Cowessess 73, Saskatchewan: 513
  190. Alderville First Nation, Ontario: 506
  191. Kahkewistahaw 72, Saskatchewan: 506
  192. Timiskaming, Quebec: 505
  193. The Narrows 49, Manitoba: 505
  194. Eel Ground 2, New Brunswick: 503
  195. Keeseekoose 66, Saskatchewan: 500
  1. Moose Cree First Nation 144, Ontario: 4,500 - Moose Factory, Ontario

2001 Census[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aboriginal Peoples - Select a province/territory". 2.statcan.gc.ca. 2010-06-10. Retrieved 2014-03-14. 
  2. ^ "Aboriginal Peoples in Canada in 2006: Inuit, Métis and First Nations, 2006 Census: First Nations People: Fewer First Nations people live on reserve than off reserve". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-05-01. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  3. ^ "2006 Census of Population". 2.statcan.ca. 2014-02-05. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  4. ^ "2006 Census of Population". 2.statcan.ca. 2014-02-05. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  5. ^ "Census Canada 2006 CommunityProfiles, Tsinstikeptum 9". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  6. ^ a b "2008 WFN Economic Profile". Westbank First Nation. 
  7. ^ "Census Canada 2006 Community Profiile, Capilano 5". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  8. ^ "Census Canada 2006 Community profile, Duck Lake 7)". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  9. ^ p Canada 2006 Community Profile, Kamloops 1
  10. ^ "Census Canada 2006 Community Profile, Cowichan 1". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  11. ^ "Census Canada Community Profile, Penticton 1". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  12. ^ "Census Canada 20067 Community Profile, Musqueam 2". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  13. ^ "Census Canada Community Profile 2006, Tzeachten 13". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  14. ^ "Census Canada 2006 Community Profile Tsinstikeptum 10". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  15. ^ "Census Canada 2006 Community Profile, Tsawwassen (IR)". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  16. ^ Census Canada 2006 Community Profiile, Priest's Valley 6
  17. ^ "Census Canada 2006 Community Profile, Osoyoos 1". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2014-03-13.