List of Indian residential schools in Canada

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Religious denomination
(AN) Anglican Church
(BP) Baptist
(MD) Methodist
(OO) Other
(PB) Presbyterian Church
(RC) Roman Catholic Church
(UC) United Church of Canada


The following is a list of Canadian Indian residential schools[1] The first residential schools were set up in the 1840s with the last residential school closing in 1996.[2]

List[edit]

Name Location Province/
Territory
Opened Closed Denomination
Assumption Indian Residential School (Hay Lakes Indian Residential School) Hay Lakes AB 1951 1970 RC
Blue Quill’s Indian Residential School (Hospice of St. Joseph / Lac la Biche Boarding School) Lac la Biche AB 1862 1898 (moved to Blue Quill Indian Reserve 127, Saddle Lake) RC
Blue Quill’s Indian Residential School (Sacred Heart Indian Residential School / Saddle Lake Boarding School / Blue Quill’s Boarding School) Blue Quill Indian Reserve 127, Saddle Lake AB 1898 1931 (moved to St. Paul) RC
Blue Quill’s Indian Residential School (St. Paul’s Boarding School) St. Paul AB 1931 1970 (became the first Native-administered school in Canada) RC
Convent of Holy Angels Indian Residential School (Holy Angels Indian Residential School/ Our Lady of Victoria Indian Residential School) Fort Chipewyan AB 1902 1974 RC
Crowfoot Indian Residential School Cluny AB 1909 1968 RC
Dunbow Industrial School (St. Joseph’s Industrial School, High River Industrial School) High River AB 1888 1939 RC
Edmonton Industrial School St. Albert AB 1919 1960 MD
Ermineskin Indian Residential School Hobbema AB 1916 1973 RC
Fort Smith Indian Residential School (Breyant Hall) Fort Smith AB 1955 1970 RC
Immaculate Conception Indian Residential School (Immaculate Conception Boarding School / Blood Indian Residential School) Stand-Off AB 1884 1926 RC
Immaculate Conception Boarding School (Blood Indian Residential School / St. Mary’s Mission Boarding School) Stand-Off AB 1911 1975 RC
McDougall Orphanage and Residential School (Morley Indian Residential School) Morley AB 1886 1949 MD
Old Sun’s Boarding School (North Camp Residential School / White Eagle’s Boarding School / Short Robe Boarding School) Gleichen AB 1894 1912 AN
Old Sun’s Boarding School (North Camp School / White Eagle’s Boarding School / Short Robe Boarding School) Gleichen AB 1929 1971 AN
Peigan Indian Residential School (Victoria Jubilee Home) Brocket AB 1892 1965 AN
Red Deer Industrial School Red Deer AB 1889 1944 MD
Sarcee Indian Residential School Calgary AB 1894 1930 AN
St. Albert’s Indian Residential School St. Albert AB 1941 1948 RC
St. Andrew’s Indian Residential School Whitefish Lake AB 1895 1950 AN
St. Barnabas Indian Residential School Sarcee AB 1899 (new school built in 1912) 1922 AN
St. Bernard Indian Residential School (Grouard Indian Residential School) Grouard AB 1939 1962 RC
St. Bruno Indian Residential School (Joussard Indian Residential School) Joussard AB 1913 1969 RC
St. Cyprian’s Indian Residential School Brocket AB 1900 (new school built in 1926) 1962 AN
St. Francis Xavier Indian Residential School Calais AB 1890 1961 RC
St. Henri Indian Residential School (Fort Vermilion Indian Residential School) Fort Vermilion AB 1900 1968 RC
St. John’s Indian Residential School (Wabasca Residential School) Wabasca AB 1895 (new school built in 1949) 1966 AN
St. Martin Boarding School Wabasca AB 1901 1973 RC
St. Paul Des Métis Indian Residential School St. Paul AB 1898 1905 RC
St. Paul’s Indian Residential School Cardston AB 1900 1972 AN
St. Peter’s Indian Residential School (Lesser Slave Lake Indian Residential School) Lesser Slave Lake AB 1900 1932 AN
Sturgeon Lake Indian Residential School Sturgeon Lake AB 1907 1957 RC
Youville Indian Residential School Edmonton AB 1892 1948 RC
Alberni Indian Residential School Port Alberni BC 1920 (burned in 1917, rebuilt in 1920;[3] burned again in 1937, rebuilt in 1939[4]) 1973 UC
Ahousaht Indian Residential School Ahousaht BC 1901 1950 PB
Christie Indian Residential School (Kakawis Indian Residential School) Tofino (Meares Island) BC 1900 1973 RC
Christie Indian Residential School (New Christie Indian Residential School / Kakawis Indian Residential School) Tofino, British Columbia (Meares Island) BC 1974 1983 RC
Friendly Cove Day School Yuquot BC 1930 1964 RC
Greenville Mission Boy’s Boarding School Nass River BC 1877 ? MD
Kamloops Indian Residential School Kamloops BC 1890 1978 RC
Kamloops Indian Residential School (St. Louis Mission Indian Residential School) Kamloops BC 1890 1978 RC
Kitimaat Indian Residential School (Elizabeth Long Memorial School for Girls) Kitimaat BC 1883 ? MD
Kootenay Indian Residential School (St. Eugene’s Indian Residential School, St. Mary’s Indian Residential School) Cranbrook BC 1898 1970 RC
Kuper Island Indian Residential School Penelakut Island BC 1890 1975 RC
Lejac Indian Residential School Fraser Lake BC 1910 (new building in 1922) 1976 RC
Lower Post Indian Residential School Lower Post BC 1951 1975 RC
Methodist Coqualeetza Institute Chilliwack BC 1886 1937 (later became the Coqualeetza Hospital and is now the Coqualeetza Cultural Education Centre MD
Metlakatla Indian Residential School (Metlakatla Indian Girl’s School) Metlakatla BC 1891 1962 OO
Port Simpson Methodist Girl’s School Port Simpson BC 1863 1950 MD
Presbyterian Coqualeetza Indian Residential School Chilliwack BC 1861 1940 PB
Roman Catholic Coqualeetza Indian Residential School Chilliwack BC 1890 1941 RC
Sechelt Indian Residential School Sechelt BC 1912 1975 RC
St. Paul’s Indian Residential School North Vancouver BC 1898 1959 RC
St. George’s Indian Residential School (Lytton Indian Residential School) Lytton BC 1901 (new school built in 1928) 1979 AN
St. Mary’s Mission Indian Residential School Mission (Pekw'Xe:yles) BC 1861 1984 RC
St. Michael’s Indian Residential School (Alert Bay Indian Residential School) Alert Bay BC 1929 1975 AN
Thomas Crosby Indian Residential School (Thomas Crosby Girls Home Indian Residential School) Port Simpson BC 1879 1950 MD
Thomas Crosby Indian Residential School (Thomas Crosby Home for Boys Indian residential School) Port Simpson BC 1879 1950 MD
Victoria Catholic Convent School Victoria BC 1863 ? RC
Williams Lake Indian Residential School (Williams Lake Industrial School) Cariboo BC 1890 1981 RC
Yale Indian Residential School Yale BC 1900 ? AN
Yuquot Indian Residential School Yuquot BC 1901 1913 RC
Assiniboia Indian Residential School (Assiniboia Hostel) Winnipeg MB 1958 (September 2) 1973 (June 30) RC
Birtle Indian Residential School Birtle MB 1888 (December 3) 1970 PB
Brandon Indian Residential School (Brandon Industrial School) Brandon MB 1895 (May 23) 1972 (June 30) MD
Cross Lake Indian Residential School (Norway House Roman Catholic Indian Residential School) Cross Lake MB 1915(March 9) 1969(July 30) RC
Elkhorn Indian Residential School (Elkhorn Industrial School / Washakada Indian Residential School) Elkhorn MB 1888 1919 (as CP Railway purchased land on which school was built) AN
Elkhorn Indian Residential School (Washakada Indian Residential School) Elkhorn MB 1925 1949 AN
Fort Alexander Indian Residential School Pine Falls MB 1905 1970 (June) RC
Guy Hill Indian Residential School The Pas and Clearwater Lake MB 1952 (Students were relocated from Sturgeon Landing, Saskatchewan to a temporary school in The Pas until a newly built school in Clearwater Lake in 1958) 1979 (June 30) RC
Lake St. Martin Indian Residential School Fisher River MB 1874 (new school built in 1948) 1963 AN
MacKay Indian Residential School The Pas MB 1915 1933 AN
MacKay Indian Residential School Dauphin MB 1955 1980 AN
Norway House Methodist Indian Residential School Norway House MB 1900 1967(June 30) MD
Pine Creek Indian Residential School (Camperville Indian Residential School) Camperville MB 1890 1969 (August 31) RC
Portage la Prairie Methodist Indian Residential School Portage la Prairie MB 1891 1975 (June 30) MD
Portage la Prairie Presbyterian Indian Residential Portage la Prairie MB 1895 1950 PB
Sandy Bay Indian Residential School Sandy Bay Reserve MB 1905 1970 (June 30) RC
St. Boniface Industrial School St. Boniface MB 1891 1909 RC
St. Paul’s Industrial School (St. Rupert’s Land Industrial School) Selkirk MB 1886 1906 AN
Waterhen Indian Residential School Waterhen MB 1890 1900 RC
Aklavik Anglican Indian Residential School (All Saints Indian Residential School) Shingle Point NWT 1927 (moved to Aklavik in 1934 due to overcrowding 1959 AN
Aklavik Catholic Indian Residential School (later Inuvik Indian Residential School) Aklavik NWT 1925 (relocated to Inuvik in 1959; Stringer Hall was Anglican Residence and Grollier Hall the RC residence) June 1975 (Stringer Hall); June 30 1996 (Grollier Hall) RC
Fort McPherson Indian Residential School; (Including residence, Fleming Hall); Fort McPherson NWT 1898 1970 OO (non-denominational)
Fort Providence Indian Residential School (Providence Mission Indian Residential School) Fort Providence NWT 1867 1953 RC
Fort Resolution Indian Residential School Fort Resolution NWT 1867 ? RC
Fort Simpson Indian Residential School (Fort Simpson Boarding School, including residences Bompas Hall, Lapointe Hall, St. Margaret’s Hall) Fort Simpson NWT 1920 1970 RC
Hay River Indian Residential School (St. Peter’s Mission Indian Residential School) Hay River NWT 1898 1949 AN
Yellowknife Indian Residential School (including residence Akaitcho Hall, and Rocher River Day School) Yellowknife NWT 1948 1970 RC
Shubenacadie Indian Residential School Shubenacadie NS 1922 1968 RC
Chesterfield Inlet Indian Residential School (including residence: Turquetil) Chesterfield Inlet NU 1929 1970 RC
Frobisher Bay Indian Residential School Frobisher Bay NU 1965 ? RC
Albany Mission Indian Residential School (Fort Albany Residential School) Fort Albany ON 1912 1963 RC
Alexandra Industrial School for Girls Toronto ON 1897 ? OO
Alnwick Industrial School (in partnership with Mount Elgin Indian Residential School) Alderville ON 1838 1966 MD
Bishop Horden Memorial School (Moose Factory Indian Residential School; Moose Fort Indian Residential School) Moose Factory ON 1907 1963 AN
Cecilia Jeffrey Indian Residential School Kenora ON 1900 1966 PB
Chapleau Indian Residential School (Saint John’s Indian Residential School) Chapleau ON 1907 1950 AN
Fort Frances Indian Residential School (St. Margaret’s Indian Residential School) Fort Frances ON 1902 1974 RC
Kenora Indian Residential School Kenora ON 1949 1963 RC
McIntosh Indian Residential School Kenora ON 1924 1969 RC
Mohawk Institute Residential School (Mohawk Manual Labour School; Mush Hole Indian Residential School) Brantford ON 1828 1970 AN
Mount Elgin Indian Residential School (in partnership with Alnwick)[5] Muncey Town ON 1848 1948 MD
Shingwauk Indian Residential School Garden River ON 1873 1873 (burned down six days after opening) AN
Shingwauk Indian Residential School Sault Ste. Marie ON 1873 (merged with Wawanosh to form a larger school in 1934) 1971 (currently houses Algoma University) AN
Wawanosh School for Girls Sarnia ON 1877 1938 (merged with Shingwauk) AN
Sioux Lookout Indian Residential School (Pelican Lake Day School) Sioux Lookout ON 1911 1973 AN
Spanish Indian Residential Schools; St. Joseph Residential School 1916 -1962 (girls school) still standing; St Charles Garnier College 1913- 1958 (boys school)now demolished Spanish ON 1883 1965 RC
St. Anne’s Indian Residential School[6] Fort Albany ON 1936 1964 RC
St. Joseph’s Indian Boarding School (Fort William Indian Residential School) Fort William ON 1936 1964 (demolished in 1966[7]) RC
St. Mary’s Indian Residential School Kenora ON 1894 1962 RC
Wikwemikong Indian Residential School (Wikwemikong Day School) Manitowaning ON 1840 (day school); 1879 (residential school) 1963 RC
Armstrong Indian Residential School (Armstrong Residential School; Armstrong Home and School) Armstrong ON 1880 1891 RC
Amos Indian Residential School (St. Marc's Indian Residential School) St. Marc-de-Figuery (Amos) QC 1948 196 RC
Federal Hostel at George River Kangirsualujjuaq QC ? ? OO (Non-Denominational)
Federal Hostel at Great Whale River Kuujjuarapik (Poste-de-la-Baleine) QC ? ? OO (Non-Denominational)
Federal Hostel at Payne Bay Kangirsuk (Bellin) QC ? ? OO (Non-Denominational)
Federal Hostel at Port Harrison Inukjuak QC ? ? OO (Non-Denominational)
Fort George Hostels Fort George QC 1975 1978 OO (Non-Denominational)
St. Philip’s Indian Residential School Fort George QC 1933 (burned in 1943, rebuilt in 1944) 1979 AN
Fort George (St. Joseph's Mission, Residence Couture, Sainte-Thérèse-de-l’Énfant-Jésus) Fort George QC 1936 1952 RC
La Tuque Indian Residential School La Tuque QC 1963 1978 AN
Pointe Bleue Indian Residential School Mashteuiatsh QC 1956 1965 RC
Sept-Iles Indian Residential School (Seven Islands, Notre Dame, Maliotenam) Sept-Îles QC 1952 1967 RC
Battleford Industrial School Battleford SK 1883 1943 RC
Beauval Indian Residential School Beauval SK 1895 1983 (became Meadow Lake Tribal Council’s Beauval Indian Education Centre which closed in 1995) RC
Cowesses Indian Residential School (Marieval Indian Residential School) Marieval SK 1936 1975 RC
Crowstand Indian Residential School Kamsack SK 1888 1913 PB
St. Michael’s Indian Residential School (Duck Lake Indian Residential School) Duck Lake SK 1892 1996 RC
Emmanuel College Prince Albert SK 1865 1923 AN
File Hills Indian Residential School (File Hills Colony School) Okanese Reserve SK 1889 1949 MD
Gordon Indian Residential School Punnichy SK 1889 (new school built in 1911, burned down in 1929) 1996 AN
Guy Hill Indian Residential School Sturgeon Landing SK 1926 1952 (burned down September 4, 1952; students were relocated to temporary school in The Pas until a newly built school opened in Clearwater Lake in 1958) RC
Île-à-la-Crosse Indian Residential School Île-à-la-Crosse SK 1878 1976 (the boarding school section)[8] RC
Lake La Ronge Mission Indian Residential School La Ronge SK 1914 (new school built in 1920) 1947 AN
Muscowequan Indian Residential School Lestock SK 1932 1981 RC
St. Albans Indian Residential School Prince Albert SK ? 1951 (amalgamated with All Saints to become Prince Albert Indian Residential School) AN
All Saints Indian Residential School Prince Albert SK 1865 1951 (amalgamated with St. Albans to become Prince Albert Indian Residential School) AN
Prince Albert Indian Residential School Prince Albert SK 1951 (merger of All Saints and St. Albans) 1964 AN
Qu’Appelle Indian Residential School (Fort Qu’Appelle Indian Residential School; Lebret Indian Residential School) Lebret SK 1884 (burned down in 1908 1969 (Re-opened under the operations of the reserve in 1973, and renamed White Calf Collegiate, but closed in August 1998)[9] RC
Regina Indian Residential School Regina SK 1890 1910[10] PB
Round Lake Indian Residential School Whitewood SK 1886 1950 MD
St. Anthony’s Indian Residential School (Onion Lake Catholic Indian Residential School) Onion Lake SK 1891 1968 RC
St. Barnabas Indian Residential School (Onion Lake Indian Residential School) Onion Lake SK 1893 (burned down in 1943) 1951 AN
St. Phillips Indian Residential School (Keeseekoose Day School) Kamsack SK 1899 1965 RC
Thunderchild Indian Residential School (Delmas Indian Residential School) Delmas SK 1933 1948 (burned down by students) RC
Aklavik Anglican Indian Residential School (All Saints Indian Residential School) Shingle Point YT 1927 1934 (moved to Aklavik due to overcrowding) AN
Baptist Indian Residential School (Yukon Indian Residential School) Whitehorse YT 1900 1968 BP
Carcross Indian Residential School (Forty Mile Boarding School) Fortymile YT 1891 1910 (moved to Carcross) AN
Carcross Indian Residential School (Chooutla Indian Residential School; Caribou Crossing Indian Residential School) Carcross YT 1910 1969 AN
St. Paul’s Indian Residential School (St. Paul’s Hall) Dawson YT 1920 1943 AN
Yukon Hall (residences for local day school students) Whitehorse YT 1956 1965 AN

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of residential schools". Indian Residential Schools Settlement - Official Court Website. Retrieved 2009-12-02. 
  2. ^ Residential Schools Assembly of First Nations. Retrieved 2009-12-02.
  3. ^ Alberni Indian Residential School at MemoryBC
  4. ^ Alberni Indian Residential School, The Children Remembered, United Church of Canada Archives
  5. ^ Mount Elgin Industrial Institute
  6. ^ CBC News St. Anne's Residential School survivors face off with Ottawa
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ http://www.jkcc.com/rcnuns.html
  9. ^ Lebret - Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Retrieved 2009-12-02.
  10. ^ Eleanor Brass, "Indian School's Fine Record", The Leader Post, July 8, 1955.

External links[edit]