List of Indian satellites

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India has launched 77 Indian satellites (as of 28 March 2015) of many types since its first attempt in 1975. Satellites have been launched from various vehicles, including those from Indian Space Research Organisation, and previously from American, Russian, European satellite-launch rockets, and the U.S. Space Shuttle. The organisation responsible for Indian satellites is the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).[1]


Satellite Launch Date Launch Vehicle Remarks ISRO Link
Aryabhata 19 April 1975 u-11 Interkosmos Active technological experience in building and operating a satellite system. [1]
Bhaskara-I 7 June 1979 C-1 Interkosmos First experimental remote sensing satellite. Carried TV and microwave cameras. [2]
Rohini Technology Payload 10 August 1979 SLV-3 Intended for measuring in-flight performance of first experimental flight of SLV-3, the first Indian launch vehicle. Did not achieve orbit. [3]
Rohini RS-1 18 July 1980 SLV-3 Used for measuring in-flight performance of second experimental launch of SLV-3. [4]
Rohini RS-D1 31 May 1981 SLV-3 Used for conducting some remote sensing technology studies using a landmark sensor payload.Launched by the first developmental launch of SLV-3. [5]
Ariane Passenger Payload Experiment 19 June 1981 Ariane-1 (V-3) First experimental communication satellite. Provided experience in building and operating a payload experiment three-axis stabilised communication satellite. [6]
Bhaskara -II 20 November 1981 C-1 Intercosmos Second experimental remote sensing satellite; similar to Bhaskara-1. Provided experience in building and operating a remote sensing satellite system on an end-to-end basis. [7]
INSAT-1A 10 April 1982 Delta 3910 PAM-D First operational multipurpose communication and meteorology satellite. Procured from USA. Worked for only six months. [8]
Rohini RS-D2 17 April 1983 SLV-3 Identical to RS-D1. Launched by the second developmental launch of SLV-3. [9]
INSAT-1B 30 August 1983 Shuttle [PAM-D] Identical to INSAT-1A. Served for more than design life of seven years. [10]
Stretched Rohini Satellite Series (SROSS-1) 24 March 1987 ASLV Carried payload for launch vehicle performance monitoring and for gamma ray astronomy. Did not achieve orbit. [11]
IRS-1A 17 March 1988 Vostok Earth observation satellite. First operational remote sensing satellite. [12]
Stretched Rohini Satellite Series (SROSS-2) 13 July 1988 ASLV Carried remote sensing payload of German space agency in addition to Gamma Ray astronomy payload. Did not achieve orbit. [13]
INSAT-1C 21 July 1988 Ariane-3 Same as INSAT-1A. Served for only one-and-a-half years. [14]
INSAT-1D 12 June 1990 Delta 4925 Identical to INSAT-1A. Still in service. A third stage motor landed from its launch, landed in Australia in 2008.[2] [15]
IRS-1B 29 August 1991 Vostok Earth observation satellite. Improved version of IRS-1A. [16]
INSAT-2DT 26 February 1992 Ariane-44L H10 Launched as Arabsat 1C. Procured in orbit from Arabsat in January 1998. [17]
Stretched Rohini Satellite Series (SROSS-C) 20 May 1992 ASLV Carried gamma ray astronomy and aeronomy payload. [18]
INSAT-2A 10 July 1992 Ariane-44L H10 First satellite in the second-generation Indian-built INSAT-2 series. Has enhanced capability over INSAT-1 series. Still in service. [19]
INSAT-2B 23 July 1993 Ariane-44L H10+ Second satellite in INSAT-2 series. Identical to INSAT-2A. Still in service. [20]
IRS-1E 20 September 1993 PSLV-D1 Earth observation satellite. Did not achieve orbit. [21]
Stretched Rohini Satellite Series (SROSS-C2) 4 May 1994 ASLV Identical to SROSS-C. Still in service. [22]
IRS-P2 15 October 1994 PSLV-D2 Earth observation satellite. Launched by second developmental flight of PSLV.Mission accomplished after 3 years of service in 1997. [23]
INSAT-2C 7 December 1995 Ariane-44L H10-3 Has additional capabilities such as mobile satellite service, business communication and television outreach beyond Indian boundaries. Still in service. [24]
IRS-1C 29 December 1995 Molniya Earth observation satellite. Launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome. [25]
IRS-P3 21 March 1996 PSLV-D3 Earth observation satellite. Carries remote sensing payload and an X-ray astronomy payload. Launched by third developmental flight of PSLV. [26]
INSAT-2D 4 June 1997 Ariane-44L H10-3 Same as INSAT-2C. Inoperable since 1997-10-04 due to power bus anomaly. [27]
IRS-1D 29 September 1997 PSLV-C1 Earth observation satellite. Same as IRS-1C. [28]
INSAT-2E 3 April 1999 Ariane-42P H10-3 Multipurpose communication and meteorological satellite. [29]
Oceansat-1 (IRS-P4) 26 May 1999 PSLV-C2 Earth observation satellite. Carries an Ocean Colour Monitor (OCM) and a Multifrequency Scanning Microwave Radiometer (MSMR). [30]
INSAT-3B 22 March 2000 Ariane-5G Multipurpose communication: business communication, developmental communication, and mobile communication. [31]
GSAT-1 18 April 2001 GSLV-D1 Experimental satellite for the first developmental flight of Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle, GSLV-D1. [32]
Technology Experiment Satellite (TES) 22 October 2001 PSLV-C3 Experimental satellite to test technologies such as attitude and orbit control system, high-torque reaction wheels, new reaction control system, etc. [33]
INSAT-3C 24 January 2002 Ariane-42L H10-3 Designed to augment the existing INSAT capacity for communication and broadcasting and provide continuity of the services of INSAT-2C. [34]
Kalpana-1 (METSAT) 12 September 2002 PSLV-C4 First meteorological satellite built by ISRO. Originally named METSAT. Renamed after Kalpana Chawla who perished in the Space Shuttle Columbia. [35]
INSAT-3A 10 April 2003 Ariane-5G Multipurpose satellite for communication, broadcasting, and meteorological services along with INSAT-2E and Kalpana-1. [36]
GSAT-2 8 May 2003 GSLV-D2 Experimental satellite for the second developmental test flight of Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) [37]
INSAT-3E 28 September 2003 Ariane-5G Communication satellite to augment the existing INSAT System. [38]
RESOURCESAT-1 (IRS-P6) 17 October 2003 PSLV-C5 Earth observation/remote sensing satellite. Intended to supplement and replace IRS-1C and IRS-1D. [39]
EDUSAT 20 October 2004 GSLV-F01 Also designated GSAT-3. India’s first exclusive educational satellite. [40]
HAMSAT 5 May 2005 PSLV-C6 Microsatellite (42.5 kilograms) for providing satellite-based amateur radio services to the national as well as the international community. [41]
CARTOSAT-1 5 May 2005 PSLV-C6 Earth observation satellite. Provides stereographic in-orbit images with a 2.5-meter resolution. [42]
INSAT-4A 22 December 2005 Ariane-5GS Advanced satellite for direct-to-home television broadcasting services. [43]
INSAT-4C 10 July 2006 GSLV-F02 Geosynchronous communications satellite. Did not achieve orbit. [44]
CARTOSAT-2 10 January 2007 PSLV-C7 Advanced remote sensing satellite carrying a panchromatic camera capable of providing scene-specific spot images. [45]
Space Capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE-1) 10 January 2007 PSLV-C7 Experimental satellite intended to demonstrate the technology of an orbiting platform for performing experiments in microgravity conditions. Launched as a co-passenger with CARTOSAT-2. SRE-1 was de-orbited and recovered successfully after 12 days over Bay of Bengal. [46]
INSAT-4B 12 March 2007 Ariane-5ECA Identical to INSAT-4A. Further augments the INSAT capacity for direct-to-home (DTH) television services and other communications. On the night of 7 July INSAT-4B experienced a power supply glitch which led to switching 'off' of 50 per cent of the transponder capacity (6 Ku and 6 C-Band transponders). [47]
INSAT-4CR 2 September 2007 GSLV-F04 Identical to INSAT-4C. It carried 12 high-power Ku-band transponders designed to provide direct-to-home (DTH) television services, Digital Satellite News Gathering etc. [48]
CARTOSAT-2A 28 April 2008 PSLV-C9 Earth observation/remote sensing satellite. Identical to CARTOSAT-2. [49]
IMS-1 (Third World Satellite – TWsat) 28 April 2008 PSLV-C9 Low-cost microsatellite imaging mission. Launched as co-passenger with CARTOSAT-2A. [50]
Chandrayaan-1 22 October 2008 PSLV-C11 Unmanned lunar probe. Carries 11 scientific instruments built in India, USA, UK, Germany, Sweden and Bulgaria. [51]
RISAT-2 20 April 2009 PSLV-C12 Radar imaging satellite used to monitor India's borders and as part of anti-infiltration and anti-terrorist operations. Launched as a co-passenger with ANUSAT. [52]
ANUSAT 20 April 2009 PSLV-C12 Research microsatellite designed at Anna University. Carries an amateur radio and technology demonstration experiments. [53]
Oceansat-2 (IRS-P4) 23 September 2009 PSLV-C14 Gathers data for oceanographic, coastal and atmospheric applications. Continues mission of Oceansat-1. [54]
GSAT-4 15 April 2010 GSLV-D3 Communications satellite technology demonstrator. Failed to reach orbit due to GSLV-D3 failure. [55]
CARTOSAT-2B 12 July 2010 PSLV-C15 Earth observation/remote sensing satellite. Identical to CARTOSAT-2A. [56]
StudSat 12 July 2010 PSLV-C15 First Indian pico-satellite (weighing less than 1 kg). Developed by a team from seven engineering colleges from Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. [57]
GSAT-5P / INSAT-4D 25 December 2010 GSLV-F06 C-band communication satellite, failed to reach orbit due to GSLV-F06 failure. [58]
RESOURCESAT-2 20 April 2011 PSLV-C16 RESOURCESAT-2, ISRO's eighteenth remote-sensing satellite, followed RESOURCESAT-1. PSLV-C16 placed three spacecraft with a total payload mass of 1404 kg – RESOURCESAT-2 weighing 1206 kg, the Indo-Russian YOUTHSAT weighing 92 kg and Singapore's X-SAT weighing 106 kg – into an 822 km polar Sun Synchronous Orbit (SSO). [59]
Youthsat 20 April 2011 PSLV-C16 Indo-Russian stellar and atmospheric satellite with the participation of university students. It weighed 92 kg [60]
GSAT-8 / INSAT-4G 21 May 2011 Ariane-5 VA-202 Communications satellite carries 24 Ku-band transponders and 2 channel GAGAN payload operating in L1 and L5 band. [61]
GSAT-12 15 July 2011 PSLV-C17 GSAT-12 communication satellite built by ISRO, weighs about 1410 kg at lift-off. GSAT-12 is configured to carry 12 Extended C-band transponders to meet the country's growing demand for transponders in a short turn-around-time.The 12 Extended C-band transponders of GSAT-12 will augment the capacity in the INSAT system for various communication services like Tele-education, Telemedicine and for Village Resource Centres (VRC).Mission life About 8 Years. [62]
Megha-Tropiques 12 October 2011 PSLV-C18 Megha-Tropiques weighs about 1000 kg Lift-off Mass, developed jointly by ISRO and the French Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES). PSLV-C18 is configured to carry four satellites in which, one satellite, developed by India and France, will track the weather, two were developed by educational institutions, and the fourth is from Luxembourg. [63]
Jugnu 12 October 2011 PSLV-C18 Nano-satellite weighing 3 kg developed by IIT Kanpur [64]
RISAT-1 26 April 2012 PSLV-C19 RISAT-1, first indigenous all-weather Radar Imaging Satellite (RISAT-1), whose images will facilitate agriculture and disaster management weighs about 1858 kg. [65]
SRMSAT 26 April 2012 PSLV-C18 Nano-satellite weighing 10.9 kg developed by SRM University. [66]
GSAT-10[3] 29 September 2012 Ariane-5 VA-209 GSAT-10, India’s advanced communication satellite, is a high power satellite being inducted into the INSAT system. Weighing 3400 kg at lift-off. [67]
SARAL[4] 25 February 2013 PSLV-C20 SARAL, The Satellite with ARGOS and ALTIKA (SARAL) is a joint Indo-French satellite mission for oceanographic studies. [68]
IRNSS-1A[5] 1 July 2013 PSLV-C22 IRNSS-1A is the first satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS). It is one of the seven spacecraft constituting the IRNSS space segment. [69]
INSAT-3D[6] 26 July 2013 Ariane-5 INSAT-3D is the meteorological Satellite with advanced weather monitoring payloads. [70]
GSAT-7[7] 30 August 2013 Ariane-5 GSAT-7 is the advanced multi-band communication satellite dedicated for military use. [71]
Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) 5 November 2013 PSLV-C25 The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), informally called Mangalyaan is India's first Mars orbiter. [72]
GSAT-14 5 January 2014 GSLV-D5 GSAT-14 is the twenty third geostationary communication satellite of India to augment the In-orbit capacity of Extended C and Ku-band transponders. [73]
IRNSS-1B[8] 4 April 2014 PSLV-C24 IRNSS-1B is the second satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS). [74]
IRNSS-1C[9] 10 November 2014 PSLV-C26 IRNSS-1C is the third satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS). [75]
GSAT-16 7 December 2014 Ariane-5 GSAT-16 is twenty fourth communication satellite of India configured to carry a total of 48 communication transponders. [76]
IRNSS-1D 28 March 2015 PSLV-C27 IRNSS-1D is the fourth satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS). [77]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "ISRO's All Satellites". ISRO. Retrieved 16 October 2014. 
  2. ^ Orbital Debris Quarterly News (PDF) 12 (4). 
  3. ^ "GSAT-10". Retrieved 12 April 2012. 
  4. ^ "Satellite SARAL". Retrieved 29 April 2011. 
  5. ^ "Satellite IRNSS-1A". ISRO. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "Satellite INSAT-3D". ISRO. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "Satellite GSAT-7". ISRO. Retrieved 30 August 2013. 
  8. ^ "Satellite IRNSS-1B". ISRO. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  9. ^ "Satellite IRNSS-1C". ISRO. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 

External links[edit]