List of International Fleet personnel
During the Formic Wars, the Admiral served as Strategos. Following Ender's victory over the Formics, the League War, and an attempted coup at the Fleet, Admiral Chamrajnagar was reassigned from Strategos to Polemarch, and the office of Strategos eliminated. The Fleet adopted a non-intervention policy on Earth, except when themselves threatened or attacked.
Chamrajnagar's role in the Ender's Shadow series differs. During his time as Polemarch, Peter Wiggin discovers his Polnet account, implied to have been given by Hyrum Graff, and attempts to advise him on matters of Russian expansionism (the former Polemarch was Russian), the gradual collapse of the Hegemony, and the possibility of greater war. Most importantly, Peter informs the Indian that: "The most powerful resources of any nation to come will be the children trained in Battle, Tactical, and Command School". When India and Pakistan sign a non-aggression pact during Shadow of the Hegemon, Chamrajnagar plans to resign from the IF and return to his native homeland. However, Peter persuades him not to come back to Earth, and later reappoints Chamrajnagar as Polemarch.
In Ender in Exile he is shown capable of necessary tasks, but equally interested in advancing his career.
Colonel Hyrum Graff appeared in the short story version of Ender's Game in 1977, where he was named 'Captain Graff'. He also appears in Ender's Game, Ender's Shadow, Shadow of the Hegemon, Shadow Puppets, Shadow of the Giant, A War of Gifts, Ender in Exile, and the short story The Polish Boy from the collection First Meetings. He is named after the early Latter Day Saint movement leader Hyrum Smith.
In The Polish Boy, he is a young captain and teacher from the Battle School who attempts to recruit a young Polish boy named John Paul Wieczorek, but instead arranges for the family to move to the United States under the assumed surname 'Wiggin', with the intention of recruiting the boy's son.
During Ender's Game and Ender's Shadow, Graff is in charge of the Battle School and recruits John Paul's son, Ender, for the Third Formic War; carefully isolating Ender, from his peers and from adults, to emphasize self-reliance. Even when this results in a deadly confrontation between Ender and Bonzo Madrid, Graff does not allow interference. In Ender's Shadow, he does the same to Bean, who also succeeds; but Graff ultimately decides on Ender as his primary subject.
Graff is known for eating excessively; until halfway through Ender's Game wherein he has become obese. At the end of the book, he has lost most of the weight during the Third Invasion. This character is similar to the U.S. president Taft, who was also intelligent, manipulative, bad with public speaking, and an eater to relieve distress. Graff's methods also resemble Taft's Dollar Diplomacy.
Following Ender's defeat of the buggers, Graff is court martialed for his decisions at the Battle School, including the decision not to interfere between Ender and Bonzo Madrid; but acquitted on grounds that all his actions were necessary to ensure that Ender would achieve victory. Later, Graff is made 'Minister of Colonization' and becomes an ally of Peter Wiggin and Bean against Achilles de Flandres. Here, Graff is a strong advocate in establishing Peter's rule over Earth. In Ender's Shadow, he develops a friendly, almost paternal relationship with Bean.
Ender in Exile describes Graff as a helpful figure during Ender's struggles as he travels to and from Ender's first colony. Here, Graff attempts to comfort Ender during his emotional trauma after the war. This book also reveals Graff's objective of seeing humanity dispersed throughout the galaxy, preventing an extinction should Earth come under attack. To that end he spends ten months out of every year in stasis, where he will not age. Although this allowed him to see the founding of many colonies, he is removed as Minister of Colonization and retires to Ireland, writing one last letter to Ender before fading into obscurity.
Mazer Rackham is described in the book as a half-Maori New Zealander. According to Card, his name is derived from the first president of BYU, Karl G. Maeser, and the illustrator Arthur Rackham, and is not word play on Ockham's Razor. He was a twice-court-martialed commander, assigned a small reserve patrol force prior to the second invasion. His victory over the buggers is used to motivate the people of Earth to support the IF.
During the Second Invasion, the Formics destroyed the humans' main defensive fleet. Commanding a small reserve patrol force, Mazer Rackham destroys the Formic Queen's ship, leaving the remaining Formics helpless. Much of the technology used against the Third Invasion is adapted from the intact Formic fleet.
After the Second Invasion, the I.F. sends a fleet consisting of 'every last ship we could scrounge' to attack the buggers, and set up a program called Battle School, in which militarily talented six-year-olds are trained as generals, with the foremost commander taught personally by Rackham. To preserve his life, Rackham is sent on a relativistic, time-slowing journey, after which he becomes Ender Wiggin's mentor.
When Rackham returns from space to teach Ender, he tells him to command a simulated fleet against Rackham and several experienced pilots. These battles slowly wear down Ender's desire to remain commander, and when Rackham gives him a 'final exam' in which Ender is hopelessly outnumbered by buggers orbiting a planet, Ender orders his squadron leaders to use the Molecular Disruptor (M.D. for short, also called the "Doctor Device"), a weapon whose explosive power is increased by the mass in its explosive radius (ships, meteors, etc...), against the buggers' home planet, believing this will prove himself too uncivilized for command. After he wins, Rackham reveals that these battles were not simulations, and that Ender has destroyed most of the bugger species; whereas the deception was meant to use Ender's youthful reflexes and creativity without the sorrow, and hesitancy, of sending real soldiers to their deaths.
In Ender's Shadow, Rackham is only mentioned; but discourages Ender from confidence in Bean's ability to handle a large army, to make sure that Bean does not receive any important assignments, instead allowing him to watch the battle against the chance of substitution for Ender.
Rackham disappears until Shadow of the Giant, wherein the story states that he stays behind the colonies to assist the International Fleet. In the very beginning of the novel, he gives Han Tzu a lethal pen-blowdart, calling it the 'Mandate of Heaven', with which Han Tzu then assassinates the military leadership of China and becomes emperor. The soldiers, knowing that he advised against all mistakes that resulted in China's ruin, support him. Most of Rackham's later role is his assistance to Bean, whom he convinces to remain alive until they find a cure for his condition (Anton's Key). Bean does so; to comfort an angry and hurt Petra, Rackham tells her about his experience with the same process.
Rackham is the main character of a short story, released in the first issue of "Orson Scott Card's Intergalactic Medicine Show", called Mazer in Prison. This short story, taking place before Ender's Game, details some of his experiences directly after the first victory over the Formics, during his time-slowing journey mentioned above.
- Called Captain Graff in original Short Story. See: Card, Orson Scott (August 1977), "Ender's Game", in Bova, Ben, Analog (Norwalk, CT, United States: Dell Magazines) 97 (8), para. 45, retrieved March 22, 2012, "Captain Graff, six foot two and a little chubby, stroked his belly as he leaned back in his chair."
- Card, Orson Scott. ""Question: This might be a stretch, but is Mazer Rackham's name derived at all from 'Ockham's Razor?'"". OSC Answers Questions. Hatrack.com. Retrieved 2007-12-07.