List of Iron Age hoards in Great Britain

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The list of Iron Age hoards in Britain comprises significant archaeological hoards of coins, jewellery, precious and scrap metal objects and other valuable items discovered in Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) that are associated with the British Iron Age, approximately 8th century BC to the 1st century AD. It includes both hoards that were buried with the intention of retrieval at a later date (personal hoards, founder's hoards, merchant's hoards, and hoards of loot), and also hoards of votive offerings which were not intended to be recovered at a later date, but excludes grave goods and single items found in isolation. Hoards of Celtic coins dating from the time of the Roman occupation of Britain are also included here.

List of hoards[edit]

Hoard Image Date Place of discovery Year of discovery Current Location Contents
Alton hoards Coins from the Alton A hoard 0050 !mid 1st century AD Hampshire !Alton
Hampshire
51°08′56″N 0°58′37″W / 51.149°N 0.977°W / 51.149; -0.977 (Alton A Hoard)
1996 British Museum, London 50 gold staters of Commios, Tincomarus and Epillus (Hoard A)
206 gold staters of Tincomarus and Verica (Hoard B)
1 Roman gold ring
1 Roman gold bracelet[1]
Aylesbury Hoard -9950 !mid 1st century BC Buckinghamshire !near Aylesbury
Buckinghamshire
51°48′58″N 0°49′01″W / 51.816°N 0.817°W / 51.816; -0.817 (Aylesbury Hoard)
1998–1999 Buckinghamshire County Museum 40 gold staters[2]
Beaminster Hoard 0025 !early 1st century Dorset !Beaminster
Dorset
50°48′32″N 2°44′24″W / 50.809°N 2.740°W / 50.809; -2.740 (Beaminster Hoard)
2003 Dorset County Museum 160 silver staters[3]
Beverley Hoard (1999) Coins from the Beverley Hoard -9950 !mid 1st century BC East Yorkshire !Beverley
East Yorkshire
53°50′42″N 0°25′37″W / 53.845°N 0.427°W / 53.845; -0.427 (Beverley Hoard)
1999–2007 Hull Museums Collections
British Museum, London
110 gold staters[4][5]
Climping Hoard -9950 !mid 1st century BC West Sussex !Climping
West Sussex
50°48′47″N 0°34′41″W / 50.813°N 0.578°W / 50.813; -0.578 (Climping Hoard)
2000 British Museum (8) 18 gold staters[note 1][7]
Farmborough Hoard Coins from the Farmborough Hoard 0020 !early 1st century Somerset !Farmborough
Somerset
51°20′35″N 2°29′02″W / 51.343°N 2.484°W / 51.343; -2.484 (Farmborough Hoard)
1984 British Museum 61 gold staters[8]
Field Baulk Hoard 0060 !mid 1st century Cambridgeshire !Field Baulk, March
Cambridgeshire
52°32′20″N 0°05′13″E / 52.539°N 0.087°E / 52.539; 0.087 (Field Baulk Hoard)
1982 British Museum 872 silver coins minted by the Iceni tribe, in a round pot[9]
Great Leighs Hoard -9950 !mid 1st century BC Essex !Great Leighs
Essex
51°49′37″N 0°30′22″E / 51.827°N 0.506°E / 51.827; 0.506 (Great Leighs Hoard)
1998–1999 Chelmsford Museums 40 gold staters[10]
Hallaton Treasure 0000 !1st century AD Leicestershire !Hallaton
Leicestershire
52°33′00″N 0°50′00″W / 52.550°N 0.8333°W / 52.550; -0.8333 (Hallaton Treasure)
2000 Harborough Museum 5,000 silver and gold coins
a silver gilt Roman parade helmet
jewellery[11]
Honingham Hoard 0060 !mid 1st century AD Norfolk !Honingham
Norfolk
52°39′47″N 1°06′29″E / 52.663°N 1.108°E / 52.663; 1.108 (Honingham Hoard)
1954 Norwich Castle Museum and Art Gallery 341 Iceni silver coins[12]
Ipswich Hoard (1968-1969) Two torcs from the Ipswich Hoard -9940 !1st century BC Suffolk !Ipswich
Suffolk
52°03′32″N 1°09′22″E / 52.059°N 1.156°E / 52.059; 1.156 (Ipswich Hoard (1968-1969))
1968–1969 British Museum 6 torcs
Kimbolton Hoard -9970 !mid 1st century BC Cambridgeshire !Kimbolton
Cambridgeshire
52°18′29″N 0°24′25″W / 52.308°N 0.407°W / 52.308; -0.407 (Kimbolton Hoard)
2010 67 gold staters and one gold quarter-stater[13]
Langstone Hoard Two bronze bowls and wine strainer from the Langstone Hoard 0050 !mid 1st century AD Newport !Ringland
Newport
51°36′36″N 2°53′53″W / 51.610°N 2.898°W / 51.610; -2.898 (Langstone Hoard)
2007 2 bronze bowls and a bronze wine strainer[14]
Little Horwood Hoard -9940 !1st century BC Buckinghamshire !Little Horwood, Aylesbury Vale
Buckinghamshire
51°58′05″N 0°51′00″W / 51.968°N 0.850°W / 51.968; -0.850 (Little Horwood Hoard)
2006–2007 Buckinghamshire County Museum 75 staters found over an 11 month period which are said to be part of the Whaddon Chase Hoard[15][16][17]
Llyn Cerrig Bach Hoard 0000 !4th century BC to 1st century AD Anglesey !Llyn Cerrig Bach, near Valley
Anglesey
53°15′32″N 4°32′24″W / 53.259°N 4.540°W / 53.259; -4.540 (Llyn Cerrig Bach Hoard)
1942 National Museum Cardiff Votive objects deposited over a period of several hundred years, comprising over 150 items of bronze and iron, including 7 swords, 6 spearheads, fragments of a shield, part of a bronze trumpet, 2 gang chains, fragments of iron wagon tyres and horse gear, blacksmith's tools, fragments of two cauldrons, and iron bars[18]
Llyn Fawr Hoard -9300 !8th to 7th century BC Glamorgan !Llyn Fawr Lake, Rhigos
Glamorgan
51°43′12″N 3°34′05″W / 51.720°N 3.568°W / 51.720; -3.568 (Llyn Fawr Hoard)
1909–1913 National Museum Cardiff Bronze cauldron, a number of chisels, sickles and socketed axes, a sword, a spearhead, a razor, and horse harness equipment[19]
North Foreland Hoard -9950 !early 1st century BC Kent !North Foreland
Kent
51°22′30″N 1°26′42″E / 51.375°N 1.445°E / 51.375; 1.445 (North Foreland Hoard)
1999 Quex Park Museum, Birchington-on-Sea 63 potin (a bronze alloy with high tin content) coins[20]
Peatling Magna Hoard -9950 !mid 1st century BC Leicestershire !Peatling Magna, near Market Harborough
Leicestershire
52°31′41″N 1°07′37″W / 52.528°N 1.127°W / 52.528; -1.127 (Peatling Magna Hoard)
2012 Harborough Museum 10 gold staters minted in northern France or the Low Countries[21]
Salisbury Hoard -9750 !3rd century BC[note 2] Wiltshire !Netherhampton, near Salisbury
Wiltshire
51°04′26″N 1°47′38″W / 51.074°N 1.794°W / 51.074; -1.794 (Salisbury Hoard)
1988 British Museum, London over 600 objects, mostly miniature bronze versions of shields, tools, daggers and spearheads[22]
Scole Hoard -9940 !mid 1st century BC Norfolk !Scole
Norfolk
52°21′50″N 1°09′22″E / 52.364°N 1.156°E / 52.364; 1.156 (Scole Hoard)
1982–1983 202 Iceni silver coins and 87 Roman coins[23]
Sedgeford Hoard Cowbone and gold coins of the Sedgeford Hoard -9900 !1st century BC Norfolk !Sedgeford
Norfolk
52°54′N 0°33′W / 52.90°N 0.55°W / 52.90; -0.55 (Sedgeford Hoard)
2003 King's Lynn Museum 39 Gallo-Belgic gold staters, concealed inside a cowbone[24]
Shalfleet Hoard Ingot 2 (top) from Shalfleet Hoard (2009) 0000 !late 1st century BC to early 1st century AD Isle of Wight !Shalfleet
Isle of Wight
50°42′04″N 1°27′29″W / 50.701°N 1.458°W / 50.701; -1.458 (Shalfleet Hoard)
2009 Sold at Bonhams, 2011.[25] Four large bowl-shaped silver ingots, six small silver fragments and one gold British B (or "Chute") stater of Late Iron Age date.[26]
Silsden Hoard 0040 !mid 1st century AD West Yorkshire !Silsden
West Yorkshire
53°54′50″N 1°56′13″W / 53.914°N 1.937°W / 53.914; -1.937 (Silsden Hoard)
1998 Cliffe Castle Museum, Keighley 27 gold coins and a finger ring[27]
Snettisham Hoard Selection of torcs from the Snettisham Hoard -9925 !mid 1st century BC Norfolk !Ken Hill, near Snettisham
Norfolk
52°53′06″N 0°29′20″E / 52.885°N 0.489°E / 52.885; 0.489 (Snettisham Hoard)
1948–1973 British Museum, London
Norwich Castle Museum
over 150 gold torc fragments (over 70 of which form complete torcs), and various objects made of metal and jet[28]
South Norfolk Hoard 'Norfolk Wolf' debased gold stater from the South Norfolk Hoard -9975 !late 1st century BC Norfolk !South Norfolk 2012–2013 Norwich Castle Museum and Art Gallery 44 'Norfolk Wolf' debased gold staters[29][30]
South Wight Hoard 0000 !late 1st century BC to early 1st century AD Isle of Wight !South Wight
Isle of Wight
50°36′00″N 1°12′00″W / 50.600°N 1.200°W / 50.600; -1.200 (South Wight Hoard)
2004 British Museum. Acquired by the museum in 2005, with the aid of an Art Fund grant[31] 18 gold staters, 138 silver staters, 1 thin silver coin, 7 copper alloy coins of the Roman period, 2 bowl shaped silver ingots, 1 bowl shaped copper alloy ingot, 5 sherds of Iron Age pottery [32]
Stirling Hoard Two gold torcs from the Stirling Hoard -9800 !3rd to 1st century BC Blair Drummond !Near Blair Drummond
Stirlingshire
56°10′01″N 4°02′38″W / 56.167°N 4.044°W / 56.167; -4.044 (Stirling Hoard)
2009 National Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh 4 gold torcs[33]
Syngenta Hoard[note 3] -9950 !mid 1st century BC Berkshire !Jealott's Hill, near Bracknell
Berkshire
51°27′22″N 0°44′53″W / 51.456°N 0.748°W / 51.456; -0.748 (Syngenta Hoard)
1998 Reading Museum 58 gold coins[34]
Tal-y-Llyn Hoard 0050 !1st century AD Merionethshire !near Tal-y-llyn Lake, Cadair Idris
Merionethshire
52°40′19″N 3°53′49″W / 52.672°N 3.897°W / 52.672; -3.897 (Tal-y-Llyn Hoard)
1963 National Museum Cardiff 1 brass plaque, fragments from two brass shields, several decorated brass plates (possibly from a ceremonial cart), and part of a Roman lock[35]
Whaddon Chase Hoard -9940 !1st century BC Buckinghamshire !near Whaddon, Aylesbury Vale
Buckinghamshire
52°00′00″N 0°49′41″W / 52.000°N 0.828°W / 52.000; -0.828 (Whaddon Chase Hoard)
1849 between 450[36] and 800[37] and 2,000 gold staters[15] — see also Little Horwood Hoard
Whitchurch Hoard Obverse of Chute stater from Whitchurch Hoard (1987) -9950 !1st century BC Hampshire !Whitchurch
Hampshire
51°13′44″N 1°20′06″W / 51.229°N 1.335°W / 51.229; -1.335 (Whitchurch Hoard)
1987 Hampshire Museums Service (4 of each type). The remainder sold at Christies, October 1988, lots 236-246. 34 Gallo-Belgic E gold staters, and 108 British B (or, Chute,) gold staters.[38]
Wickham Market Hoard (2008) Coins from the Wickham Market Hoard 0020 !late 1st century BC to early 1st century AD Suffolk !Wickham Market
Suffolk
52°09′00″N 1°22′01″E / 52.150°N 1.367°E / 52.150; 1.367 (Wickham Market Hoard)
2008 Ipswich Museum 840 gold staters[39][40]
Winchester Hoard The Winchester Hoard -9950 !1st century BC Hampshire !near Winchester
Hampshire
51°03′47″N 1°18′29″W / 51.063°N 1.308°W / 51.063; -1.308 (Winchester Hoard or Treasure)
2000 British Museum 4 gold brooches
1 gold chain
1 gold bracelet (complete)
2 gold bracelet halves
2 gold torcs[41]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A previously unknown type of stater was found which henceforth became known as the "Climping type". It is thought that there was more to the hoard, but it had become dispersed.[6]
  2. ^ Although buried in the Iron Age, some of the objects in the Salisbury Hoard are dateable to the early Bronze Age (circa 2400 BC), and may have been recovered from a Bronze Age hoard.
  3. ^ The Syngenta Hoard is named after the company on whose land the hoard was found.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Alton hoard of Iron Age coins & jewellery". Art Fund. Retrieved 2010-10-04. 
  2. ^ Bland 2000, pp. 100–101
  3. ^ Gannon, Voden-Decker & Bland 2004b, pp. 151, 183
  4. ^ Bland 2000, p. 100
  5. ^ "Celtic Gold". Hull City Council. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  6. ^ Gannon, Voden-Decker & Bland 2004b, p. 7
  7. ^ Bland & Voden-Decker 2002, pp. 106–107, 133
  8. ^ "coin". British Museum. Retrieved 2010-10-04. 
  9. ^ "Hoard of Iceni silver coins". British Museum. Retrieved 2012-07-16. 
  10. ^ Bland 2000, pp. 98–99
  11. ^ "The Hallaton Treasure". Harborough Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  12. ^ "Coin hoard from Honingham". Norwich Castle Museum and Art Gallery. Retrieved 2010-07-27. 
  13. ^ "Iron Age gold coins discovered in Kimbolton". Hunts Post. 6 October 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  14. ^ "Record ID: NMGW-9C0216". Portable Antiquities Scheme. 23 January 2009. Retrieved 2012-07-19. 
  15. ^ a b Barton & Hitchcock 2008, p. 184
  16. ^ Lewis 2009, p. 87
  17. ^ "Little Horwood Hoard by Iron Age". The Art Fund. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  18. ^ "Artefacts from Llyn Cerrig Bach". National Museum Wales. Retrieved 2010-08-06. 
  19. ^ "Cauldron from Llyn Fawr". National Museum Wales. Retrieved 2010-08-06. 
  20. ^ Bland 2000, p. 98
  21. ^ "Hoard of Celtic coins found in Leicestershire". BBC News. 13 July 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-16. 
  22. ^ "The Salisbury Hoard". British Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  23. ^ Hutcheson, Natasha C. G. (2004). Later Iron Age Norfolk: Metalwork, Landscape and Society. Archaeopress. p. 105. ISBN 9781841715827. Retrieved 2013-09-22. 
  24. ^ "Record ID: PAS-B1F065". Portable Antiquities Scheme. Retrieved 2012-07-19. 
  25. ^ Bonhams, Antiquities, 13 April 2011, lot 248
  26. ^ Leins,Ian; Joy, Jody; Basford, Frank [1], Portable Antiquities Scheme, Record ID: IOW-EAAFE2. Retrieved 21 November 2013
  27. ^ Bland 2000, pp. 103–104
  28. ^ "The Snettisham Hoard". British Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  29. ^ "Norfolk wolf coins unearthed in treasure find". 17 April 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  30. ^ "Coin Hoard NMS-397D42". Portable Antiquities Scheme. 26 November 2012. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  31. ^ [2], The Art Fund, The Isle of Wight Ingot Hoard
  32. ^ Williams, Jonathan; Hill, J.D.[3], Portable Antiquities Scheme, Record ID: IOW-38B400. Retrieved 21 November 2013
  33. ^ "First Pictures of Stirling Iron Age Gold Hoard Treasure". Heritage Key. 11 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  34. ^ "Syngenta Coin Hoard". Reading Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-18. [dead link]
  35. ^ "Tal-y-Llyn Plaque". National Museum Wales. Retrieved 2010-08-06. 
  36. ^ Barton & Hitchcock 2008, pp. 95, 123
  37. ^ "Huge Iron Age haul of coins found". BBC. 17 January 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-19. 
  38. ^ Burnett, A.M.; Cowell, M.R. [4], British Numismatic Journal, 1988, Vol.58, p.6ff. Retrieved 21 November 2013
  39. ^ "Iron Age coins declared treasure". BBC. 3 July 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-19. 
  40. ^ "Iron Age gold hoard saved for Ipswich Museum". The Art Fund. 21 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-21. 
  41. ^ Bland & Voden-Decker 2002, pp. 16–18

References[edit]