List of Islamic texts
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The Qur'an is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims consider the verbatim word of God and the final divine revelation. It is regarded widely as the finest piece of literature in the Arabic language. Muslims believe that the Qur'an was verbally revealed through the angel Jibrīl (Gabriel) from God to Muhammad over a period of approximately twenty-three years beginning in 610 AD. Furthermore, Muslims believe that the Quran was precisely memorized, recited and exactly written down by Muhammad's companions, the Sahaba. Quran include narration of Islamic Prophet starting from Adam to last Muhammad, and given importance to events related with all and gradual transformation.
- Text of the Quran
- Commentaries and exegesis (tafsīr)
A body of commentary and explication (tafsīr), aimed at explaining the meanings of the Quranic verses.
- Reasons of revelation (asbāb al-nuzūl)
Asbāb al-nuzūl is a secondary genre of Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir) directed at establishing the context in which specific verses of the Qur'an were revealed.
Sunnah denotes the practice of Islamic prophet Muhammad that he taught and practically instituted as a teacher of the sharī‘ah and the best exemplar. The sources of sunna are usually oral traditions found in collections of Hadith and Sīra (prophetic biography). Unlike the Qur'an, Muslims do not agree on the same set of texts or sources of Sunnah, and they emphasize different collections of hadith based on to which Islamic school or branch they belong.
- Hadith (Traditions of the prophet)
- Prophetic biography (Sīra)
Books by Ahl al-Bayt
- Nahj al Balagha (by Ali ibn Abi Talib)
- Al-Jafr (book) (by Ali ibn Abi Talib)
- Book of Fatimah (by Fatimah, the daughter of Muhammad)
- Risalah al-Huquq (by Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin)
- Alan Jones, The Koran, London 1994, ISBN 978-1-84212-609-7, opening page.
- Arthur Arberry, The Koran Interpreted, London 1956, ISBN 978-0-684-82507-6, p. x.
- Islahi, Amin Ahsan (1989 (tr:2009)). "Difference between Hadith and Sunnah". Mabadi Tadabbur i Hadith (translated as: Fundamentals of Hadith Intrepretation) (in Urdu). Lahore: Al-Mawrid. Retrieved 1 June 2011.