List of Israeli assassinations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about targeted killings allegedly performed by Israel. For violent incidents in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, see Violence in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.

The following is a list of alleged and confirmed assassinations reported to have been conducted by the State of Israel. It includes attempts on notable persons who were reported to have been specifically targeted by the various Israeli security, intelligence and law enforcement agencies.

Targeted assassinations have been adopted by most states. According to Eyal Weizman, 'targeted assassinations have become the most significant and frequent form of Israeli military attack', and serve not only to contain terror but as a 'political tool' to control Palestinian territories Israel has otherwise withdrawn from.[1] In response to protests over the number of civilians killed in targeting operations, and the refusal of a number of pilots to engage in such missions in2003, Israel set up groups to minimize collateral damage in 2003 to establish acceptable levels of damage to bystanders. In 2006 'focused lethality munitions', missiles with intense but highly localized explosive were introduced to this end, and in November a legal committee was set up to rule on assassinations.[1]

There is no clear definition of "Targeted killing" under international law. The Supreme Court of Israel, in response to a suit on the practice, mainly regarded actions in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, ruled on 14 December 2006[1] that such actions took place in an 'international armed conflict' but that the "terrorists", as civilians, lacked combatant status under international law. Yet they were, in the court's view, civilians participating directly in hostilities, which would mean they lose their immunity. It also ruled, following a precedent set forth by the European Court of Human Rights in its McCann and Others v. the United Kingdom judgement, that a 'law of proportionality', balancing military necessity with humanity, must apply.[2] Assassination were permitted if ('strong and persuasive information' concerning the target's identity existed; if the mission served to curtail terror; and if other techniques, such as attempting to arrest the target, would gravely endanger soldiers' lives.[1]

Nils Melzer in his 2006 study Targeted Killing in International Law defines targeted killings in terms of five criteria, summed up as 'the use of lethal force attributable to a subject of international law with the intent, premeditation and deliberation to kill individually selected persons who are not in the physical custody of those targeting them.'[3] Before 2001 Israel denied it practiced or has a policy of conducting extrajudicial executions.[4]

The term itself gained widespread currency only after Israel went public concerning its policy regarding alleged terrorists in the Palestinian territories.[5] Early into the Al Aqsa Intifada, it became the first state to publicly outline a policy of “liquidation” and “preemptive targeted killing,” when two female bystanders were killed during an operation to kill a Palestinian militant, Hussein ‘Abayat, on 9 November 2000.[4][6] Killings in the past were often premised on revenge for earlier crimes, and required a quasi-judicial commission to convict the target of culpability before action was taken. The policy, re-introduced by Ariel Sharon in the face of suicide bombings, no longer took evidence of potential involvement by the target in future attacks on Israel as decisive, and the decision was left to the discretion of the Prime Minister and Shin Bet.[7]

According to the former Legal Advisor to the State Department Judge Abraham Sofaer:

...killings in self-defense are no more "assassinations" in international affairs than they are murders when undertaken by our police forces against domestic killers. Targeted killings in self-defense have been authoritatively determined by the federal government to fall outside the assassination prohibition.[8]

A state engaged in such activities must however, Sofaer concluded, openly acknowledge its responsibility and accept accountability for mistakes made.

This characterization is criticized by many, including Amnesty International.[9]

B'tselem has calculated that between 2002 and May 2008, at least 387 Palestinians died as a result of Israeli targeted killings, of which 234 were the targets, and the rest collateral casualties.[10][11] The majority of Israeli targeted killings have taken place in Area A of the West Bank lying within the jurisdiction of the Palestinian National Authority.[10] Some of killings listed below have been denied by Israel. Most[citation needed] fall within a series of campaigns, including Operation Wrath of God (launched in response to the 1972 Munich massacre), Israeli actions in the wake of the al-Aqsa Intifada (2000–), and strikes during the 2008–09 Gaza War. Gaza, according to Eyal Weizman, has now become 'the world's largest laboratory for airborne assassinations.'.[1] According to reports, as part of the longterm cease-fire terms negotiated between Israel, Hamas and other Palestinian groups to end the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict, Israel pledged it would desist from its targeted assassinations against Palestinian resistance activists and faction leaders.[12]

The policy of targeted killings is known in Hebrew as "focused foiling" (Hebrew: סיכול ממוקד sikul memukad).

1950s[edit]

Date Place Target Description Action Killer
July 13, 1956 Gaza Strip Mustafa Hafez Egyptian Army Lieutenant-Colonel responsible for recruiting refugees to carry out attacks in Israel. Parcel bomb[13] IDF operation directed by Yehoshafat Harkabi.[14]
July 14, 1956 Amman Salah Mustafa Egyptian Military attache Parcel bomb[13] IDF operation directed by Yehoshafat Harkabi.[14]

1960s[edit]

Date Place Target Description Action Killer
September 11, 1962 Munich, Germany Heinz Krug West German rocket scientist working for Egypt's missile program Abducted from his company offices on Munich's Schillerstrasse, his body was never found. Swiss police later arrested two Mossad agents for threatening the daughter of another scientist and found that they were responsible for the killing. Part of Operation Damocles. Mossad[15][16]
November 28, 1962 Heluan, Egypt 5 Egyptian factory workers Workers employed at Factory 333, an Egyptian rocket factory. Letter bomb sent bearing Hamburg post mark. Another such bomb disfigured and blinded a secretary. Part of Operation Damocles. Mossad[16]
February 23, 1965 Montevideo, Uruguay Herberts Cukurs Aviator who had been involved in the murders of Latvian Jews during the Holocaust[17] Lured to and killed in Montevideo by agents under the false pretense of starting an aviation business. Mossad (alleged)[18][19][20]

1970s[edit]

Date Place Target Description Action Killer
July 8, 1972 Beirut Ghassan Kanafani Palestinian writer and a leading member of the PFLP, who had claimed responsibility for the Lod Airport massacre on behalf of the PFLP.[21][22] Killed by car bomb. Mossad[23][24]
July 25, 1972 Beirut Attempted killing of Bassam Abu Sharif Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine Information Office. He held a press conference with Ghassan Kanafani during the Dawson's Field hijackings justifying the PFLP's actions. He lost four fingers, and was left deaf in one ear and blind in one eye, after a book sent to him that was implanted with a bomb exploded in his hands.[24][25][26] Mossad[26]
October 16, 1972 Rome Abdel Wael Zwaiter Libyan embassy employee, cousin of Yassir Arafat,[24] PLO representative, poet and multilingual translator, considered by Israel to be a terrorist for his alleged role in the Black September group and the Munich massacre,[27] though Aaron Klein states that 'uncorroborated and improperly cross-referenced intelligence information tied him to a support group' for Black September.[28] Shot 12 times by two Mossad gunmen as he waited for an elevator to his apartment near Piazza Avellino.[21][24] Mossad[21][29]
December 8, 1972 Paris Mahmoud Hamshari PLO representative in France and coordinator of the Munich Olympic Games massacre.[30] Killed by bomb concealed in his telephone.[24] Mossad[31]
January 24, 1973 Nicosia Hussein Al Bashir a.k.a. Hussein Abu-Khair/Hussein Abad. Fatah representative in Nicosia, Cyprus and PLO liaison officer with the KGB.[28] Killed by bomb in his hotel room bed.[24] Caesarea hit team[14]
April 6, 1973 Paris Basil Al-Kubaissi PFLP member and American University of Beirut Professor of International Law Killed on a street in Paris by two Mossad agents.[24] Mossad .[28]
April 9, 1973 Beirut Kamal Adwan; Black September commander and member of the Fatah central committee[32] Killed in his apartment in front of his children during Operation Spring of Youth, either shot 55 times or killed with a grenade.[24][33][34] Sayeret Matkal lead by Ehud Barak
April 9, 1973 Beirut Muhammad Youssef Al-Najjar Black September Operations officer and PLO official Shot dead in his apartment together with his wife during Operation Spring of Youth.[34] Sayeret Matkal together with Mossad.[28][34]
April 9, 1973 Beirut Kamal Nasser Palestinian Christian poet, advocate of non-violence and PLO spokesman Shot dead in his apartment during Operation Spring of Youth. According to Palestinian sources his body was left as if hanging from a cross. A woman neigfhbour was shot dead when she opened her door during the operation.[34] Sayeret Matkal[24]
April 11, 1973 Athens Zaiad Muchasi Fatah representative to Cyprus Killed in hotel room.[24] Israeli agents[35]
June 28, 1973 Paris Mohammad Boudia Black September operations officer Killed by pressure-activated mine under his car seat.[24] Mossad[23]
July 21, 1973 Lillehammer, Norway Attempted killing of Ali Hassan Salameh High-ranked leader in the PLO and Black September who was behind the 1972 Munich Olympic Games massacre[36] Ahmed Bouchiki, an innocent waiter believed to be Ali Hassan Salameh, killed by gunmen. Known as the Lillehammer affair. Mossad[14]
March 27, 1978 German Democratic Republic Wadie Haddad PFLP commander, who masterminded several plane hijackings in the 1960s and 1970s.[37] He apparently died of cancer in an East Berlin hospital, reportedly untraced by Mossad.[38] Mossad never claimed responsibility. Aaron Klein states that Mossad passed on through a Palestinian contact a gift of chocolates laced with a slow poison, which effectively caused his death several months later.[14][37] Mossad (Alleged)
January 22, 1979 Beirut Ali Hassan Salameh High-ranked leader in the PLO and Black September who was behind the 1972 Munich Olympic Games massacre[36] Killed by remote-controlled car bomb,[24] along with four bodyguards and four innocent bystanders. Mossad[14]
July 26, 1979 Cannes Zuheir Mohsen Leader of the pro-Syria as-Sa'iqa faction of the Palestine Liberation Organization Shot in the front of casino. Probably Caesarea agents[14]

[39]

1980s[edit]

Date Place Target Description Action Executor
June 13, 1980 Paris Yehia El-Mashad Egyptian nuclear scientist, lecturer at Alexandria University Killed in his room at the Méridien Hotel in Operation Sphinx.[40][41]:23 Marie-Claude Magal, prostitute, client of El-Meshad, pushed under a car and killed in the Boulevard Saint-Germain.[41]:24 Mossad
August 21, 1983 Athens Mamoun Meraish Senior PLO official Shot in his car from motorcycle.[42] Mossad
June 9, 1986 Athens Khalid Nazzal Secretary of the DFLP (Democratic Front for Liberation of Palestine) Killed in Athens by Mossad agents who entered Greece with fake passports, shot Nazzal while leaving his hotel, and fled the country. Mossad
October 21, 1986 Athens Munther Abu Ghazaleh High-ranked leader in the PLO. Senior member of the National Palestinian Council, the Revolutionary Council of Al Fatah and the Supreme Military Council of the Revolutionary Palestinian Forces. Killed by car bomb Mossad
April 16, 1988 Tunis Abu Jihad Second-in-command to Yassir Arafat Shot dead in front of his family in the Tunis Raid by Israeli commandos under the direction of Ehud Barak and Moshe Ya'alon, and condemned as a political assassination by the United States State Department.[10][43] IDF

1990s[edit]

Date Place Target Description Action Executor
March 20, 1990 Brussels Gerald Bull Canadian engineer and designer of the Project Babylon "supergun" for the Iraqi government Shot at door to his apartment Attributed to Mossad by several sources,[44] and widely believed to be a Mossad operation by intelligence experts,[45] Gordon Thomas states it was the work of Mossad's director Nahum Admoni.[46] Israel denied involvement at the time.[45] and several other countries had interests in seeing him dead.
February 16, 1992 Lebanon Abbas al-Musawi Secretary-General of Hezbollah After 3 IDF soldiers were killed by Palestinian militants of the PIJ during a training exercise at Gal'ed in Israel, Israel retaliated by killing Musawi in his car, together with his wife Sihan and 5 year old child Hussein, with seven missiles launched from two Apache Israeli helicopters.[24] Hezbollah retaliated by the attacking Israel's embassy in Argentina.[47] IDF[48]
June 8, 1992 Paris Atef Bseiso Palestinian official involved in Munich Massacre Shot several times in the head at point-blank range by 2 gunmen, in his hotel (Aaron Klein's "Striking Back") Mossad, with French complicity, according to the PLO, but French security sources suggested the hand of Abu Nidal.[49][50]
October 26, 1995 Sliema, Malta Fathi Shaqaqi Head of Palestinian Islamic Jihad Shot and killed in front of Diplomat Hotel.[24] Mossad.[46]
January 6, 1996 Beit Lahiya Refugee Camp Yahya Ayyash "The Engineer", Hamas bombmaker Head blown off by cell phone bomb in Osama Hamad's apartment, responding to a call from his father. Osama's father, Kamal Hamad, was a known collaborator with Israel, and it was bruited in Israel that he had betrayed his son's friend for $1 million, a fake passport and a U.S. visa.[24][51] Covert Israeli operation[52]
September 25, 1997 Amman Khaled Mashaal (failed attempt) Hamas political leader Attempted poisoning. Israel provided antidote, after pressure by Clinton. Canada withdrew Ambassador. Two Mossad agents with Canadian passports arrested

2000s[edit]

  • 2000, September 29-2001, April 25. According to Palestinian sources, the IDF assassinated 13 political activists in Area A under full Palestinian Authority, with 9 civilian casualties.[53]
  • 2001 Israel killed 35 suspected Palestinian militants.[6]
  • 2002 Israel killed 72 suspected militants.[6]
  • 2003 (August) The Israeli government authorized the killing of Hamas's entire political leadership in Gaza, 'without further notice,' in a method called 'the hunting season' in order to strengthen the position of moderates and Mahmoud Abbas.[1]
  • 2005 In February Israel announced a suspension of targeted killings, while reserving the right to kill allegedly 'ticking bombs'.[54]
Date Place Target Description Action Executor
November 9, 2000 Beit Sahur Hussein Mohammed Abayat (37); Abayat was a senior official of the Fatah faction Tanzim. Killed while driving his Mitsubishi by a Hellfire anti-tank missile fired from an Israeli Apache helicopter.[1]Rahma She’ibat, (50);‘Aziza Dannoun Jobran (52), two local women, were killed by a second missile, and Nazhmi She’ibat and his wife were also injured.Accused of shooting at the Gilo settlement.[6][53][55] IDF[56]
November 22, 2000 Southern Gaza Strip near ex-settlement of Morag Jamal Abdel Raziq (39), and Awni Dhuheir (38).[57] Senior official of the Fatah faction Tanzim Killed on the Rafah-Khan Yunis western road near the junction leading to Morag settlement while in a Honda Civic with driver, Awni Dhuheir, when their car was machine-gunned from two tanks at close range. First version, they were about to attack Morag; second version, Raziq was targeted after firing at IDF soldiers. His uncle was later sentenced to death for collaborating in his nephews death by furnishing Israel with details.[53] Two bystanders in a taxi behind them also killed (Sami Abu Laban, 29, baker, and Na’el Shehdeh El-Leddawi, 25, student).[57][58] IDF
November 23, 2000 Nablus Ibrahim 'Abd al-Karim Bani 'Odeh (34) Unknown? Had been jailed for 3 years by the PNA until two weeks before his death. Killed while driving a Subaru near Al-Salam mosque. Israeli version, he died from his own rudimentary bomb. Palestinian version: his cousin ‘Allan Bani ‘Oudeh confessed to collaborating with Israel in an assassination, and was convicted and shot in Jan, 2001.[53] ?[56]
December 11, 2000 Nablus Anwar Mahmoud Hamran (28) A PIJ bombing suspect. Jailed for 2 years by PNA and released 6 weeks before his death. Targeted on a campus of Al-Quds Open University while waiting for a taxi-cab. Shot 19 times by a sniper at 500 yards. IDF version shot by soldiers in self-defence. Palestinian version, he died with books in his hand.[6][53][56] IDF
December 12, 2000 al-Khader Yusef Ahmad Mahmoud Abu Sawi (28) Unknown Targeted and shot by a sniper at 200 metres, 17 bullets.[56] IDF
December 13, 2000 Hebron ‘Abbas ‘Othman El-‘Oweiwi(25) Hamas activist Targeted and shot 3 times in head and chest by a sniper while standing in front of his store in Wadi Al-Tuffah Street.[53][56] IDF
December 14, 2000 Burin Saed Ibrahim Taha al-Kharuf (35) Targeted and shot dead. IDF.[56]
December 14, 2000 Junction of Salah el-Din near Deir al-Balah Hani Hussein Abu Bakra (32) Israeli version. Hamas activist shot as he tried to fire from a pistol. Driver of a Hyundai taxi van. Palestinian version: shot while reaching for his identity card which he was asked to produce when stopped. 4 of seven passengers wounded, one of whom, ‘Abdullah ‘Eissa Gannan, 40,died 10 days later.[53] IDF
December 17, 2000 Qalandiyya Samih Malabi Tanzim officer.[59] Mobile phone bomb.
December 31, 2000 Tulkarem Thabat Ahmad Thabat Classed by Israel as head of Tanzim cell.[53] Dentist, lecturer on public health at Al Quds University, and Fatah Secretary General on the West Bank.[59] Israeli Special Forces sniper shot him as he drove his car from his home in Ramin, classified as an apparent political assassination.[55] IDF
February 13, 2001 Zeitoun neighbourhood, Gaza[53] Mas’oud Hussein ‘Ayyad (50) Lieutenant-colonel in Force 17, aide of Yasser Arafat held responsible for a failed mortar attack on a Jewish settlement in Gaza. The IDF also alleged, without providing evidence, that he intended to form a Hezbollah cell in the Gaza Strip.[6][55][60] Killed while driving a Hyundai in Jabaliya refugee camp by a Cobra gunship launching 3rockets.[61] IAF
February 19, 2001 Balata Refugee Camp, Nablus Mahmoud Suleiman El-Madani (25) Hamas activist Shot by two men in plainclothes as he left a mosque. As they fled, according to the Palestinian version, covering fire was provided by an Israeli unit on Mount Gerizim.[53] Admitted Israeli undercover operation.[53]
April 2, 2001 Al-Barazil neighborhood of Rafah Mohammed ‘Attwa ‘Abdel-‘Aal (26) PIJ Combat helicopters fired three rockets at his Peugeot Thunder, hitting also the taxi behind, whose occupants survived. IAF[53]
April 5, 2001 Jenin Iyad Mohammed Hardan (26) Head of the PIJ in Jenin. IDF version. He was involved in the 1997 Mahane Yehuda Market Bombings Blown up in a public phone booth, when, reportedly, an Israeli helicopter was flying overhead.Baruch Kimmerling classifies it as an apparent political execution to provoke Palestinians.[59]
April 25, 2001 Rafah-Egyptian border Ramadan Ismail ‘Azzam (33);Samir Sabri Zo’rob (34);Sa’di Mohammed El-Dabbas (32);Yasser Hamdan El-Dabbas (18) Popular Resistance Committees members Blown up while examining a triangular object with flashing lights that had been reported as lying near the border earlier that day. Palestinians say the object exploded as an Israeli helicopter passed overhead.[53] ?
May 5, 2001 Bethlehem Ahmad Khalil ‘Eissa Assad (38) PIJ activist Hit while leaving his house for work, reportedly from shots (15) fired from the Israeli military outpost at Tel Abu Zaid, 250 metres away. His niece, Ala, was also injured.Israel said the victim intended carrying out armed operations in the future inside Israel. IDF[62]
May 12, 2001 Jenin Mutassam Mohammed al-Sabagh (28) Fatah activist In a car with two Palestinian intelligence officers, who managed to escape on sighting an Apache helicopter, which struck it with three missiles. The two officers were also wounded. A fourth missile struck a Palestinian police car killing Sergeant Aalam al-Raziq al-Jaloudi, and injuring Lieutenant Tariq Mohammed Amin al-Haj. Two bystanders also wounded.Israeli Army accused the three of plotting attacks on nearby settlers.[62] IAF[62]
June 24, 2001 Nablus Osama Fatih al-Jawabra (Jawabiri) (29) al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade militant. His name was on an Israeli wanted list submitted to PNA. Bomb exploded as he picked up a phone in a public telephone booth. Two brothers, Malik Shabaro (2), and Amar Shabaro (4) injured. Alleged by PNA to be IDF,.[63] but denied by the Israeli government.[62]
July 17, 2001 Bethlehem Omar Ahmed Sa’adeh (45) Hamas leader Killed by two wire-guided missiles fired by two Israeli helicopter gunships at his garden hut, killing also Taha Aal-Arrouj (37). His brother Izhaq Ahmed Sa’adeh (51), a peace activist, and his cousin Hamad Saleh Sa’adeh (29), were killed by a further missile as they rushed towards the rubble. A dozen people nearby were wounded. Israel maintained that it was a preventive attack on a planner of a terrorist attack at the Maccabiah Games.[62][64] IAF
July 23, 2001 'Anin, west of Jenin Mustafa Yusuf Hussein Yassin (26) ? Released from an Israeli prison earlier that day. According to his wife, he opened the door on hearing noises outside their home and was shot at point-blank range in front of his family. Israeli sources say he was planning to bomb Israeli targets. IDF[62]
July 25, 2001 Nablus Salah Nour al-Din Khalil Darwouza (38) Hamas Car hit while driving in Nablus. He evaded two missiles from an Apache helicopter, but the car was hit by a further 4. Israel claimed he planned bombing attacks on French hill, and Netanya. IAF[62]
July 31, 2001 Nablus Jamal Mansour (41);Jamal Salim Damouni (42) High-ranking official of Hamas' West Bank political wing Killed when office struck by helicopter-launched missiles[65] as Mansour was giving an interview to journalists in in the Palestinian Centre for Studies and Media. 4 others killed in the room,Mohammed al-Bishawi (28);Othman Qathnani (25);Omar Mansour (28); Fahim Dawabsha, (32). Two children, aged 5 and 8, outside were also killed, and three moe adults injured by shrapnel.[62] Eyal Weizman states its purpose was to derail derail peace talks.[1] IDF
August 5, 2001 Tulkarm Amer Mansour Habiri/Aamer Mansour al-Hudairy (22) Hamas Missiles fired at car. IDF[6]
August 20, 2001 Hebron, West Bank Imad Abu Sneneh Leader of Tanzim Shot and killed.[66] Israeli undercover team
August 27, 2001 Ramallah Abu Ali Mustafa (63) Head of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and senior executive leader of the PLO. Killed by lasar-guided missiles fired from Apache helicopters while talking on the phone in his office.Baruch Kimmerling classifies it as an apparent political execution to provoke Palestinians.[59] Other sources say Shin Bet convinced the Israeli Cabinet he was connected to terrorism.[43] IAF
Tulkarm September 6, 2001 'Omar Mahmoud Dib Subuh (22); Mustafa 'Ahed Hassan 'Anbas(19). Unknown Targeted and killed by a helicopter missile in an attempt to assassinate 4 Palestinians, of whom 2 died. IDF[56]
October 14, 2001 Qalqiliya 'Abd a-Rahman Sa'id Hamed (33) Unknown Targeted by a sniper and shot at the entrance to his house. IDF[56]
October 15, 2001 Nablus Ahmad Hassan Marshud (29) Unknown Targeted killing by explosion. ?[56]
October 18, 2001 Beit Sahur Jamal 'Abdallah 'Abayiat (35);'Issa 'Atef Khatib 'Abayiat (28);'Atef Ahmad 'Abayiat (25). Unknown The three, all relatives were killed while driving a jeep. IDF[56]
October 22, 2001 Nablus Ayman Halawah (26). Unknown Killed while riding in a car. ?[56]
31 October 2001 Hebron Jamil Jadallah al-Qawasmeh (25). Unknown Killed by a helicopter missile which struck his house. IAF[56]
2 November 2001 Tulkarm Fahmi Abu 'Easheh (28); Yasser 'Asira (25) Unknown Killed by gunfire whole driving in a car. IDF[56]
23 November 2001 Farìa Refugee Camp Mahmoud a-Shuli (Abu Hanud) (33);Maamun 'Awaisa (22);Ayman 'Awaisa (33). Unknown all three killed while riding in a taxi by a helicopter missile. IDF[56]
December 10, 2001 Hebron Burhan al-Haymuni (3); Shadi Ahmad 'Arfah (13) None Two brothers killed in a vehicle hit by a helicopter missile during a targeted killing of a person in a nearby car. IDF[56]
January 14, 2002 Tulkarem, West Bank Raed (Muhammad Ra'if ) Karmi (28) Head of the Tanzim in Tulkarem He had planned the murders of two Israelis in Tulkarem, and was behind a failed assassination attempt on the life of an IAF colonel.After surviving an attempt to kill him by helicopter on September 6, 2001, he was persuaded by Arafat to desist from violence but killed twenty three days after a ceasefire[67] was in place because the Shin Bet was convinced they would never have the same operational opportunity to take him out. Killed from a bomb planted in a cemetery wall, set off by a UAV circling above when he passed by it on a visit to his mistress, to create the impression he had blown himself up accidentally.[43][68] Baruch Kimmerling classifies it as an apparent political execution to provoke Palestinians.[59] Eyal Weizman states its purpose was to derail derail peace talks.[1]
January 22, 2002 Nablus, West Bank Yusif Suragji West Bank head of Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades. Three other Hamas members also killed. Palestinian Authority claims it was an assassination.[69] Killed in a raid on an alleged explosives factory.[69] Israeli army
January 24, 2002 Khan Yunis Adli Hamadan (Bakr Hamdan) Senior Hamas member missile attack on car.[69] Israeli Air Force
February 4, 2002 Rafah Ayman Bihdari DFLP member wanted for 25 August 2001 raid in which three Israeli soldiers were killed. missile attack on car. Four other DFLP members killed.[69] IAF
February 16, 2002 Jenin Nazih Mahmoud Abu a-Saba' Second ranking Hamas officer in Jenin.[70] Killed by a bomb planted in his car, in a targeted killing.[71] IDF
March 5, 2002 al-Birah Mohammad(Diriyah Munir) Abu Halawa (23); Fawzi Murar (32);'Omar Hussein Nimer Qadan (27). Wanted AMB member. Missile fired at car from helicopter, Murar and Qadan according to B'tselem were not combatants at the time.[56][72] IAF
March 6, 2002 Gaza City Abdel Rahman Ghadal Hamas member Missile attack on his home.[24] IAF
March 9, 2002 Ramallah Samer Wajih Yunes 'Awis (29) Not a participant in hostilities at the time, according to B'tselem.[56] Killed by missile fired from a helicopter, which struck a car he was travelling in. IDF
March 14, 2002 Anabta Mutasen Hamad(Mu'atasem Mahmoud 'Abdallah Hammad) (28); 'Atef Subhi Balbisi (Balbiti) (25). Hamad was an Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade member and bombmaker. 3 missiles fired from an Israeli attack helicopter at Hamad's car, near a chicken farm. A Palestinian source say a bystander, a chicken farmer (Maher Balbiti) was also killed. An Israeli sources identify him as a terrorist.[24][73][74] IAF
April 5, 2002 Tubas Qeis 'Adwan (25);Saed 'Awwad (25);Majdi Balasmeh (26);Ashraf Daraghmeh (29);Muhammad Kmeil (28);Munqez Sawafta (29) Qeis 'adwan was a Hamas activist and bombmaker to whom several suicide bomb attacks were attributed. Targeted in a combined drone, tank and special forces siege during Operation Defensive Shield. Given hospitality in his house by Munqez Sawafta. After hours of gunfire, and a refusal to surrender, a D-9 armored bulldozer crushed part of the house and the remaining 3 were shot.[56][75] IDF
April 22, 2002 Hebron Marwan Zaloum (59) and Samir Abu Rajoub. Tanzim Hebron leader and Force 17 member Killed by a helilcopter missile while driving a car. Zaloum was on an Israeli wanted list, and thought responsible for shootings, including that Shalhevet Pass. Israeli helicopter strike.[24][56][76] IAF
May 22, 2002 Balata Refugee Camp, Nablus Iyad Hamdan(22);'Imad Khatib (25);Mahmoud 'Abdallah Sa'id Titi (30);Bashir Yaish (30) Unknown, the first three were targeted. All four killed by a shell shot from an Israeli tank. Yaish was not involved in hostilities at the time. IDF[56]
June 24, 2002 Rafah Yasir Raziq, 'Amr Kufa. Izzeddln al-Qassam Brigades leaders. Missiles fired at two taxis, killing two other passengers (reportedly also Hamas activists),[77] the two drivers and injuring 13 bystanders.[24][78] IAF
June 30, 2002 Nablus Muhaned Taher, Imad Draoza. Muhaned Taher, nom de guerre "Engineer 4", was a master Hamas bomber claimed by Israel to be responsible for both the Patt Junction Bus Bombing and the Dolphinarium discotheque suicide bombing. Died with a deputy in a shoot-out with Israeli raiding commandos.[24][77] IDF naval commandos
June 17, 2002 al-Khader Walid Sbieh| ? Shot by an Israeli sniper in a targeted killing while in his car.[56] IDF
July 4, 2002 Gaza City Jihad Amerin/(Aqid) Jihad Amrain Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades Colonel. Killed in a car bomb.[24][79] Israel Security Forces.[80]
July 23, 2002 Gaza City Salah Shahade(Shehadeh) Leader of Hamas Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades Killed by 2,205-pound explosive dropped by an F-16. The attack also killed fourteen other Palestinians including his wife and 9 children. Yesh Gvul and Gush Shalom tried to have Dan Halutz indicted, but the case was dropped.[24][81][82][83] Killed on the eve of an announced unilateral cease-fire by Tanzim and Eyal Weizman states its purpose was to derail derail peace talks.[1] IAF. 27 reserve pilots undersigned a pilots' letter refusing to serve in IAF sorties over the West Bank and Gaza in protest.
August 6, 2002 Jaba, Jenin Ali Ajuri, Murad Marshud Classified as people not known to be involved in the fighting (B'tselem). Ajuri (21) was killed by an air to surface missile, during an attempt to arrest him. Murad Marshud (19) killed as bystander.[71] IAF
August 14, 2002 Tubas Nassa Jarrar Senior member of Hamas's militant wing. Died crushed by rubble when an IDF bulldozer demolished his house. The IDF admitted it compelled at gunpoint Nidal Abu M'khisan (19) to act as a human shield and get the victim out of his house. Jarrar shot the youth, believing he was an IDF soldier. The victim was wheelchair bound. ISrtael suspected him of preparing a bomb an Israeli high-rise building.[84][85] IDF
August 31 Tubas Bahira Daraghmeh (6);Ousamah Daraghmeh (12);Raafat Daraghmeh (29);Yazid 'Abd al-Razaq Daraghmeh (17);Sari Mahmoud Subuh (17). Five victims who did not participate in hostilities when killed during a targeted killing, from a helicopter fired missile.[56] An eyewitness account was later provided by 'Aref Daraghmeh.[1]
October 13, 2002 Beit Jala Muhammad Ishteiwi 'Abayat (28) ? Killed in an explosion in a telephone booth, in a targeted killing.[56]
October 29, 2002 Tubas Assim Sawafta Age 19 Hamas Izzedine al Qassam military leader. Killed by an undercover army unit, after failing to surrender.[24][86] IDF
November 4, 2002 Nablus Hamed 'Omar a-Sader (36);Firas Abu Ghazala (27). Unknown Killed by a car-bomb. According to B'tselem, Firas Abu Ghazala was not engaged in hostilities at the time.[56] IDF
November 26, 2002 Jenin Alah Sabbagh (26); Imad Nasrti/'Imad Nasharteh (22); Sabbagh reportedly an Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade member, Nasrti Hamas local leader. Killed in an Israeli airstrike on a house in the Jenin refugee camp by two missiles fired into a room.[24][87] IAF
December 23, 2002 wadi Burqin near Jenin Shumann Hassan Subuh (29) and Mustafa Kash (26/30) Subah was a Hamas commander and bombmaker. Ambushed by IDF unit as Kash drove a tractor between Burqin and Al-Yamun.[24][56][88] IDF
January 30, 2003 Burqin Faiz al-Jabber (32) ? Targeted when Israeli forces opened fire at a Fatah group. He fled, was wounded, then shot dead at close range.[56] Israeli Border Police
March 8, 2003 Gaza City Ibrahim al-Makadmeh Gaza Dentist. Second-in-Command of Hamas's Military Wing.[24] Hamas political leader. He and three of his aides killed by helicopter-fired missiles.[89] IAF
March 18, 2003 Baqat al-Hatab Nasser Asida Hamas commander Shot while hiding in a cave,On Israel's most wanted list as alleged mastermind of attacks on Israeli settlements in the West Bank.[90] IDF's Kfir Brigade[91]
March 25, 2003 Bethlehem Mwafaq 'Abd a-Razaq Shhadeh Badawneh (40);'Alaa Iyad (24);Nader Salameh Jawarish (25);Christine George S'adeh (11) ? IDF version, agents were ambushed and shot dead 2 Palestinian gunmen, and a girl in a car that blundered into the battle, and was believed to be part of the ambush. The girl's parents and sister were wounded.[92] B'tselem reports that three of the 4 did not participate in hostilities at the time, but were killed during the targeted assassination by an undercover team of Nader Gawarish and Nader Salameh Jawarish[56] IDF Undercover unit
April 8, 2003 Zeitoun, Gaza Said al-Arabid Hamas IAF airplane strike on his car followed by helicopter missiles.Seven Palestinians, ranging from 6 to 75, were killed, 47 wounded, 8 critically.[24] IAF[93]
April 9, 2003 Gaza City Mahmoud Zatma Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine Senior Commander, Bomb Maker[24] Apache helicopter hit the car he was driving in Gaza City, 10 bystanders injured.[94] IAF
April 12, 2003 Tulkarm Jasser Hussein Ahmad 'Alumi (23) ? Killed by gunfire. Object of a targeted killing.[56] IDF
April 10, 2003 Tulkarm Yasser Alemi Fatah, Tanzim Shot and killed as a fugutive in Tulkarm. Israeli Border Police undercover unit[24]
April 29, 2003 southern Gaza Strip Nidal Salameh PFLP Killed when 4 helicopter missiles struck his car[24] IAF
May 8, 2003 Northern Gaza City Iyad el-Bek (30) Aide of Salah Shehade, Hamas activist.[24][95] Killed by three three helicopter missiles fired at a car. IAF
June 11, 2003 Shijaiyah Tito Massoud (35) and Soffil Abu Nahez (29) Massoud was a senior member of Hamas's military wing.[24] Retaliatory strike one hour after the Davidka Square bus bombing. 4 bystanders also killed[96] IAF
June 12, 2003 Gaza City Jihad Srour and Yasser Taha Hamas members[24] Killed by between 4 and 6 helicopter missiles while their car was caught in a traffic jam, near a cemetery where victims of the June 11 strike the day before were being buried. Collateral damage consisted of 6 other victims including Taha's wife and child. 25 others were injured by the blasts.[97] IAF
June 12, 2003 Jenin Fadi Taisir Jaradat (21); Saleh Suliman Jaradat (31) Saleh Suliman Jaradat was an Islamic Jihad activist Both killed at the entrance of their home, the latter being the target. Fadi Jaradat did not participate in hostilities at the time, according to B'tselem.[56] IDF
June 21, 2003 Hebron 'Abdallah 'Abd al-Qader Husseini al-Qawasmeh (41) Wanted by IDF Shot dead after getting out of a taxi before a mosque. Three vans approached, with a dozen Israelis disguised as Palestinian labourers, and he was shot in the leg, perhaps while fleeing to a nearby field, and then finished off.[98][99] IDF Undercover unit[56]
August 21, 2003 Gaza City Ismail Abu Shanab (48) Engineer and high-ranking Hamas moderate and pragmatist.[100] High-ranking Hamas official[101] Missile strike, ending a cease-fire.[102][103] IAF
August 24, 2003 Gaza City Walid el Hams, Ahmed Rashdi Eshtwi (24), Ahmed Abu Halala, Muhammad Abu Lubda Hamas members. Eshtwi was said by the IDF to be a Hamas liaison officer with West Bank cells.[104] Twin helicopter missile strike as the five were sitting in a vcant lot near a Force 17 base. Several bystanders were injured, and a further Hamas member critically wounded.[105] IAF[24]
August 26, 2003 Gaza City Khaled Massoud brother of Tito Massoud, killed 3 months earlier. Hamas Qassam rocket designer, alleged to be involved in mortar strikes. Attempted assassination of Massoud, who was with two other Hamas activists, Wa'al Akilan and Massoud Abu Sahila, in a car. Alerted to the threat, the three men managed to escape from their car as 3 missiles struck it and killed a passing 65-year-old Jabaliya donkey driver Hassan Hemlawi, who was driving his cart. Two bystanders were also wounded, including four children.[104][106] IAF[24]
August 28, 2003 Khan Yunis Hamdi Khalaq Izzedine al Qassam 3 missiles struck hit a donkey cart Khalaq was driving. Three Gazans nearby were wounded. The IDF said he was on his way to a mortar attack on an Israeli settlement in the Gaza Strip.[107] IDF[24]
August 30, 2003 On a road linking the Nusseirat and Bureij refugee camps in the Gaza Strip. Abdullah Akel (37) and Farid Mayet (40) Hamas members, said to have fired mortar shells and Qassam rocks. Killed when 4 helicopter missiles struck their pickup truck. Seven others Palestinians were wounded by the fire.. IDF soldiers machine-gunned an 8-year-old girl Aya Fayad the same day in the Khan Yunis refugee camp, while, according to IDF reports, shooting at road-bomb militants detonating bombs on a patrol route.[108]'Israeli strike kills two militants,'[109] IAF[24]
September 1, 2003 Gaza City Khader Houssre (36) Hamas member Killed when 4 helicopter missiles struck a car with 3 Hamas members, in a crowded side street. The second was critically wounded, while the other managed to flee. 25 bystanders were injured in the strike.[110] IAF[24]
October 28, 2003 Tulharm Refugee Camp Ibrahim 'Aref Ibrahim a-N'anish Wanted by IDF Shot dead, unarmed, as he drove his car to the entrance of the refugee camp.[56] IDF
December 25, 2003 Gaza City Mustafa Sabah Hamas master bombmaker, thought behind explosions that blew up 3 Merkava tanks inside the Gaza Strip.[111] Killed when 3 helicopter missiles destroyed a Palestinian Authority compound where Sabah worked as a part-tieme guard.[111] IAF[24]
December 25, 2003 Gaza Strip Mekled Hameid PIJ commander. Helicopter gunship attack on car, killing its occupants, including two PIJ members. Two bystanders were also reported killed and some 25 bystanders injured.[112] IAF[24]
February 2, 2004 Nablus Hashem Da'ud Ishteiwi Abu Hamdan (2);Muhammad Hasanein Mustafa Abu Hamdan(24);Nader Mahmoud 'Abd al-Hafiz Abu Leil (24);Na'el Ziad Husseini Hasanein (22). All four wanted by the IDF Killed in a car struck by a missile fired from a helicopter. IDF[56]
February 7, 2004 Gaza City Aziz Mahmoud Shami Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine local field commander, claimed to be behind a 1995 double suicide bombing in Netanya. Missile strike incinerated his car while he drove down a crowded street, and a passing 12 year old boy was killed, and 10 others wounded.[113] [24]
February 28, 2004 Jabaliya refugee camp Amin Dahduh,Mahmoud Juda, Aiyman Dahduh. PIJ military commander Missiles hit his car as it travelled from Gaza city to the refugee camp. Two passengers are also killed and eleven bystanders wounded.[114][115] Israeli helicopters.
March 3, 2004 Gaza City Tarad Jamal, Ibrahim Dayri and Ammar Hassan.[6] Senior Hamas members Missiles from helicopter fired at their car as it drove down a coastal road.[116] Helicopter strike.[24]
March 16, 2004 Gaza City Nidal Salfiti and Shadi Muhana Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine Israeli missile strike.[24]
March 22, 2004 Gaza City Ahmed Yassin Co-founder and leader of Hamas The purpose of the operation was to strengthen the position of Mahmoud Abbas.[1] As Yassin left a mosque at dawn, he, 2 bodyguards, and 7 bystanders killed by Israeli Air Force AH-64 Apache-fired Hellfire missiles. 17 bystanders were wounded.[117][118] IAF
April 17, 2004 Gaza City Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi Co-founder and leader of Hamas, and successor of Ahmed Yassin as leader of Hamas after his death The purpose of the operation was to strengthen the position of Mahmoud Abbas.[1] al-Rantissi was killed by helicopter-fired missiles, along with his son and bodyguard. Several bystanders were injured.[119] IAF[24]
April 22, 2004 Talluza Yasser Ahmed Abu Laimun (32) Lecturer in hospital management at the Arab-American University in Jenin, mistaken for Imad Mohammed Janajra. IDF initially reported he was a Hamas member.[120] Initially reported shot after shooting, and then running away from an Israeli attack dog, trained to seize wanted individuals. His widow testified that he was shot, while in his garden, from a distance of 200 yards by gunfire from Israeli soldiers behind an oak tree. The IDF apologized.[121][122][123] IDF
May 5, 2004 Talluza Imad Mohammed Janajra (31)[24] Hamas leader Ambushed in an olive grove, after an earlier attempt, mistaking Abu Laimun for him. Said by IDF to be armed and approaching them.[123] Golani Brigade's elite Egoz unit.
May 30, 2004 Zeitoun neighbourhood, Gaza Wael Nassar[24] Hamas mastermind behind the mine that blew up an Israeli troop carrier raiding Gaza City, on May 11, killing 6 soldier. He was killed on his motorcycle, together with his aide, by a missile strike which also wounded 7 civilians, including a woman and two children. A second following missile killed another Hamas member nearby.[124] Helicopter strike
June 14, 2004 Nablus Khalil Mahmoud Zuhdi Marshud (24)[24][125]'Awad Hassan Ahmad Abu Zeid (24). Head of Al-Aqsa Brigades in Nablus Earlier targeted in a Nablus missile attack on a car on May 3, killing 3 Al Aqsa Brigade members. He was in a different vehicle. Killed when a missile hit a car outside the Balata refugee camp, also killing PIJ members Awad Abu Zeid e Mohammed Al Assi (Israeli version). Abu Zeid did not engage in hostilities when killed (B'tselem report).[56] Israeli Army radio said the decision to kill him followed on several failures to arrest him. The same day, an attempt to kill Zakaria Zubeidi, head of the Jenin al Aqsa Brigades, failed.[125][126] IDF
June 26, 2004 Nablus Nayef Abu Sharkh (40) Jafer el-Massari Fadi Bagit Sheikh Ibrahim and the others. Respectively Tanzim Hamas Nablus officer; Islamic Jihad officer.[24] Killed by IDF paratroopers together with six other men found huddled in a secret tunnel beneath a house in the old city of Nablus, after trailing a fugitive into the house.[127] Israeli paratroopers.
July 22, 2004 Gaza City Hazem Rahim[24] Islamic Jihad in Palestine member Helicopter gunship missile strike on a car, killing Rahim and his deputy, Rauf Abu Asi. According to Israeli sources,Rahim had been seen on video two months earlier brandishing body parts of ambushed Israeli soldiers.[128][129] IDF
July 29, 2004 Near Rafah refugee camp Amr Abu Suta, Zaki Abu Rakha[24] Abu al-Rish Brigades leader. In a car, together with bodyguard, incinerated by Israeli helicopter fire. Accused of involvement in the shooting of an IDF officer, and a 1992 killing in a Jewish settlement in the Gaza Strip.[130] IDF
August 17, 2004 Shajiyia neighbourhood Five dead. Four Unidentified?[24] The target was a Hamas Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades leader, Ahmed al-Jabari. The five, included al-Jabari's 14-year-old son, his brother, his nephew and son-in-law, were killed in a drone missile strike on al-Jabari's home. About a dozen other Palestinians wounded. al-Jabari survived the attempt.[131][132] IAF Drone missile.
September 13, 2004 Jenin Mahmoud Ass'ad Rajab Abu Khalifah (25),[24] Amjad Husseini 'Aref Abu Hassan, Yamen Feisal 'Abd al-Wahab Ayub Al-Aqsa Brigades leader, deputy to Zakariya Zubeidi. Killed together with two aides (Israeli version) when a helicopter missile struck his car in the city centre.[133] Amjad Hassan and Yamen Feisal 'Abd al-Wahab Ayub were not, according to B'tselem, involved in the fighting.[56] IAF helicopter.
September 20, 2004 Gaza City Khaled Abu Shamiyeh (30) Hamas rocketry mechanic.[24][134] Car hit by missile IDF
September 21, 2004 Tel al-Hawa neighbourhood Nabil al-Saedi (34), Rabah Zaqout[24] Hamas mid-ranking operatives. Killed when their jeep was struck by a missile. 8 bystanders including 2 children were wounded.[135] IDF
September 27, 2004 al-Zahraa neighborhood of Damascus Izz Eldine Subhi Sheik Khalil (42)[24] Hamas senior official. A Gazan deported by Israel in 1992. Blown up by a bomb hidden in his SUV when he answered a call on his mobile phone, triggering the explosion. Israel did not claim responsibility but Ariel Sharon's spokesman Raanin Gissin said:'Our longstanding policy has been that no terrorist will have any sanctuary and any immunity,' and Moshe Ya'alon commented that action should be adopted against "terror headquarters in Damascus" in the wake of the recent Beersheba bus bombings.[136] Unknown.
September 27, 2004 Abbassam Ali al-Shaeir (26)[24] Popular Resistance Committee member Killed while an Israeli helicopter gunship fired several missiles at a car in Abbassam, believed to hold their target, Muhammad Abu Nasira. The latter, with two others of the group sustained injuries, and al-Shair died. ([137]
October 6, 2004 al-Shati refugee camp in Gaza City Bashir Khalil al-Dabash, (38/42) and Zarif Yousef al-'Are'ir (30)[24] Head of Islamic Jihad's military wing, al-Quds Brigades. Both killed by helicopter missile fired at their Subaru in 'Izziddin al-Qassam Street in downtown Gaza. Three passers-by were wounded. One of three operations in Operation Days of Penitence that killed 5 other Palestinian militants.[138][139] IAF
October 21, 2004 Gaza Adnan al-Ghoul Imad al-Baas 2nd in command of Hamas, and Qassem rocket expert. Killed together with his aide Imad Abbas when their car was destroyed by a missile from an Apache helicopter. Four bystanders were wounded. .[6] IAF[24]
July 15, 2005 East of Salfit Samer Abdulhadi Dawhqa, Mohammad Ahmed Salameh Mar'i (20), Mohammad Yusef 'Abd al-Fatah A’yash (22) Alleged to be 'ticking bombs'.[54] Killed in an olive grove, or, according to B'tselem, in a cave where two were hiding. The first two died immediately in a missile and gunfire strike by Apache helicopters. The third was taken to Ramallah in critical condition, but then seized by Israeli forces and taken off in a military ambulance. He died later, and neither he nor Mar'i, according to B'tselem, were involved in teh fighting.[56][140] IDF
July 16, 2005 Khan Yunis Saeed Seam (Sayid Isa Jabar Tziam) (31). Hamas commander of Izzedine al Qassam. Allegedly involved in killing two settlers in 2002 and shooting at an Israeli army outpost in 2004.[24] Shot dead by Israeli sniper in a targeted killing as he stood outside his Gaza home, as he was going to water his garden, in Khan Yunis.[141][142] IDF
July 16, 2005 Tel al-Hawa neighbourhood in Gaza City .[143] 'Four Unidentified' (JVL)=Adel Mohammad Haniyya (29); A'asem Marwan Abu Ras (23); Saber Abu Aasi ( 24); Amjad Anwar Arafat,[144] one reportedly a nephew of Ismail Haniya.[24][145] Hamas operatives. Apache helicopter struck a van carrying the men and numerous Qassam rockets in Gaza city. Five civilians, including a child, were wounded in the attack.[141][146][147] IAF[24]
September 25, 2005 South of Gaza City Sheikh Mohammed Khalil (32) PIJ Alleged to have been involved in Hatuel family's murder near the Gush Qatif settlement bloc. Killed when his Mercedes was struck by 5 missiles launched from an Israeli aircraft.[148] IAF[24]
October 27, 2005 Jabaliya Refugee Camp Shadi Mehana/Shadi Muhana (25) PIJ Airstrike hitting car with four Palestinian militants north of Gaza City. Three civilians were also killed, including a 15 year old boy (Rami Asef) and a 60 year-old man. One source stated 14 other Palestinians were wounded.[149][150] IAF[24]
November 1, 2005 Gaza Hassan Madhoun (33); Fawzi Abu Kara[151] Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades Allegedly planning an operation to strike the Eretz Crossing. Killed when his car was hit by an Israeli Apache helicopter missile. According to documents in the Palestine Papers Israel’s Shaul Mofaz had proposed to the PA that Fatah execute him.[152] IAF.[24]
December 7, 2005 Rafah Mahmoud Arkan (29). Popular Resistance Committees field operative Airborne missile strike on a moving car in a residential area. 10 bystanders, including three children, were injured.[153][154] IAF[24]
December 8, 2005 northern Gaza Strip Iyad Nagar Ziyad Qaddas Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades Missile striking a house. A third militant, and several Palestinians nearby, including a young girl, suffered injuries.[155] IAF[24]
December 14, 2005 Gaza City Four Unidentified Popular Resistance Committees Missile strike on a white sedan near the Karni crossing. Israeli sources say the car was packed with explosives. Three PRC members killed, a fourth is thought to have been an al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades member. One occupant survived, and two bystanders were injured.[156][157] IAF[24]
January 2, 2006 East of Jabaliya Sayid Abu-Gadian (45); Akram Gadasas (43), third unknown. PIJ All three hit by IAF rocket while in a car close to a no-go zone declared by Israel in the northern Gaza Strip. Collateral damage, two bystanders were wounded. IAF[24][158]
February 5, 2006 Zeitoun, Gaza Adnan Bustan; Jihad al-Sawafiri Islamic Jihad in Palestine. Believed to have director of their engineering and manufacturing unit. Killed when 2 cars fired on by an IAF missile, the second en route to a retaliatory attack for an earlier Israeli helicopter strike that killed three people. IAF[24][159]
February 6, 2006 North of Jabaliya Refugee Camp[160] Hassan 'Asfour (25);Rami Hanouna (27)[161] al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade| Hit and killed when their car was struck by three missiles from an Israeli drone. Three bystanders also wounded.[160] IAF[24][162]
February 7, 2006 Eastern sector of Gaza City Mohammed Abu Shariya;Suheil Al Baqir Al Aqsa Brigades Their car was demolished by a missile. IAF[24][163]
March 6, 2006 Shajaiyeh neighbourhood Munir Mahmed Sukhar (30);Iyad Abu Shalouf Islamic Jihad field operative. Collateral damage, 3-8 passersby wounded, including 17 year old Ahmed Sousi,and an 8-year-old boy (Ra'ed al-Batch), both of whom later died.[164] IAF[24][165]
May 20, 2006 Gaza City Mohammed Dahdoh PIJ Killed in car, held responsible for firing crude rockets into southern Israel. Palestinian version stated Muhanned Annen, 5; his mother, Amnah, 25; and Hannan Annen, 45, Muhanned's aunt, were collaterla victims. Dahdoh was alone in the car (IDF version). IAF[24][166][167]
May 25, 2006 Sidon, Lebanon Mahmoud al-Majzoub (Abu Hamze), Nidal al-Majzoub Commander of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad; the brother was a member also. Critically wounded in car bombing, when he turned on the ignition of his car, parked near the Abu Bakr mosque in Sidon,. He died the next day. Islamic Jihad blamed Israel, though Israel denied it.[168] An Israeli government spokesman denied knowledge of any Israeli involvement.
June 5, 2006 Jabaliya Refugee Camp[169] Majdi Hamad (25);Imad Assaliya (27) Popular Resistance Committees Missile struck their car, targeting Hamad. Three bystanders were injured. IAF[24][170]
June 8, 2006 Rafah Jamal Abu Samhadana and three others Founder of the Popular Resistance Committees militant group, a former Fatah and Tanzim member, and number two on Israel's list of wanted terrorists. Had survived 4 assassination attmpts.[171] Eyal Weizman states its purpose was to derail derail peace talks, as it coincided with a referendum vote on a political initiative by Mahmoud Abbas.[1] Killed by Israeli airstrike on a training camp, along with at least three other PRC members.[172] IAF[24]
June 13, 2006 Tufah neighborhood of Gaza City Hamoud Wadiya ;Shawki Sayklia Wadiya was a PIJ rocket expert. Three militants in a van with a Grad rocket were driving down a main street when a missile struck nearby. They fled but were killed by a second missile, as people gathered. The second blast killed 11 Palestinian bystanders, including Ashraf Mughrabi (25) his son, Maher (8), and a relative Hisham (14), 4 ambulance drivers and hospital staff rushing to the incident, and three boys. Thirty-nine people were wounded.[173] IAF
July 4, 2006 Beit Hanoun Isamail Rateb Al-Masri (30)[174][175] Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades Killed by an IAF rocket.[176] IAF[24]
August 9, 2006 Jenin Osama Attili (24);Mohammed Atik (26) Described by Israel as leaders of PIJ|[14] Killed when (2) helicopter(s) fired missiles into their house. PIJ leader Hussam Jaradat, another target escaped the strike, while his deputy Walid Ubeidi abu al-Kassam, was lightly wounded.[177] IAF[24]
October 12, 2006 'Abasan al-Kabirah neighbourhood Three unidentified='Abd a-Rahman 'Abdallah Muhammad Qdeih (19);Na'el Fawzi Suliman Qdeih (22);Salah Rashad Shehdeh Qdeih (22); Hamas All three, armed, killed by a helicopter missile after one of the three fired at an IDF tank IAF[178]
October 12, 2006 Khan Yunis Three militants of Kadiah family. Hamas Five members of Kadiah family killed, two, Adel Kadiah, 40, and his son, Sohaib, 13, being civilians IAF[24][179]
October 12, 2006 Shajiyia neighbourhood, Gaza city Ashraf Ferwana Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades Ashraf targeted in his home but he survived the drone missile strike which demolished his house. His brother Ayman Ferwana and a girl died, and 10 others injured.[179][180][181] IAF
October 14, 2006 Jabaliya Refugee Camp Ahmad Hassan 'Abd al-Fatah Abu al-'Anin (19);Sakher Faiz Muhammad Abu Jabal (19);Rami 'Odeh Salem Abu Rashed (22);Faiz 'Ali Fadel al-'Ur (33); Suliman Hassan Fadel al-'Ur (30);Muhammad Faiz Mustafa Shaqurah (30); Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades Five killed while walking armed in the refugee camp, by a helicopter-launched missile.Awad Attatwa (18), not associated with group, also died.[178][182] IAF
October 14, 2006 One Unidentified Al Aqsa Brigades Died when the car he was in was hit by a missile fired in an airstrike. A local commander also citically injured, and two bystanders wounded.[182] IAF[24]
November 7, 2006 Al-Yamun Salim Yousef Mahmoud Abu Al-Haija (24);Ala'a Jamil Khamaisa (24);Taher Abed Abahra (25);Mahmoud Rajah Abu Hassan (25). Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades The four militants were shot while sitting near the Al-Yamun bakery (Palestinian version), fled wounded and were killed in a local house. Aiman Suleiman Mahmoud Mustafa (31), a bakery worker came out to see what was happening and was shot dead. Salim Ahmed Awad (27), Ibrahim Mahmoud Nawahda (30), Salim Ahmed Awad (27) and Mohammed Yousef Abu Al-Haija (27) were also shot and taken prisoner.[183] IDF undercover squad.
November 20, 2006 Shajiyia neighbourhood Bassel Sha'aban Ubeid (22);Abdel Qader Habib (26) Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades Missile fired at a Mercedes containing both, parked outside the Ubeid family home. Collateral damage, 5 civilians, members of the Amen family, including Hanan Mohammed Amen, aged 3 months and Mo'men Hamdi Amen (2), injured by shrapnel.[183] IAF[24]
May 17, 2007 Gaza City Imad Muhammad Ahmad Shabaneh (33) Hamas Killed while travelling in a car hit by an Israeli helicopter missile. [24][178]
June 1, 2007 Khan Yunis Fawzi (Fadi) Abu Mustafa PIJ/Al Quds Brigades senior member Killed by an IAF airforce missile while riding a motor bike.[184] IAF[24]
June 24, 2007 Gaza City Hussein Khalil al-Hur=Hossam Khaled Harb (32) Hussein Harb Peugeot al-Quds Brigades local leader. Struck by a missile while driving a Peugeot through Gaza City IAF.[24][185]
October 23, 2007 Coastal road west of Gaza City Mubarak al-Hassanat (35) Popular Resistance Committees head and Director of military affairs in the Hamas Interior Ministry. Israeli airstrike (IAF) on his car. [24][186][187]
December 17, 2007 Gaza City Majed Harazin (Abu Muamen) PIJ. Senior Commander, West Bank, overseer of rocket operations. Killed together with two others in his car, reportedly packed with explosives. IAF.[24][188]
December 17, 2007 narrow road in the Sheik Ajlin neighborhood Abdelkarim Dahdouh; Iman Al-Illa;Ahmad Dahdooh, Ammar al-Said;Jihad Zahar;Mohamman Karamsi PIJ. Missile strike from an aircraft on a car, combined with IDF undercover unit, on a PIJ cell preparing to launch rockets. IAF.[24][188][189]
December 18, 2007 Khan Yunis Hani Barhoum; Mohammed A-Sharif Hamas Strike on a Hamas security position. IAF[189]
January 13, 2008 Al-Shati Refugee Camp Nidal Amudi; Mahir Mabhuh; third man unidentified al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades Senior operative The three were killed in a car driving through the refugee camp, struck by an IAF missile. [24][190]
January 17, 2008 Beit Lahiya One unidentified[24] =Raad Abu al-Ful (43) and his wife. PIJ rocket manufacturer They were killed by an IAF airstrike which fired missiles at their car. [24][191]
January 20, 2008 Gaza City Ahmad Abu Sharia Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades Commander Hit by an IAF missile as he walked in the streets. Two other Palestinians wounded. IAF.[24][192]
February 4, 2008 northern Gaza City Abu Said Qarmout Popular Resistance Committees member Killed by an IAF missile that struck his car. Three others were wounded, two seriously. [24][193]
February 12, 2008 Damascus Imad Mughniyah Top Hezbollah commander Killed by car bomb. Some news reports indicated the Mossad was responsible,[194] though Israel denied carrying it out.[195] Mossad (Speculation)
April 14, 2008 Northern Gaza Ibrahim Abu Olba DFLP IAF.[24]
April 30, 2008 Near Shabura refugee camp, Rafah Nafez Mansour (40) Hamas Killed in an IAF missile strike. Reportedly involved in Gilad Shalit abductvion. Collateral damage. Three bystanders, one dying of his wounds. A further bystander and young girl also hurt.[24] IAF/Shin Bet joint operation.[196]
June 17, 2008 al-Qararah, Rafah district Mu'taz Muhammad Jum'ah Dughmosh (27); Musa Fawzi Salman al-'Adini (35); Mahmoud Muhammad Hassan a-Shanadi (25); Nidal Khaled Sa'id a-Sadudi (21)Muhammad 'Amer Muhammad 'Asaliyah (20).[178] Army of Islam Killed when their care was struck by an IAf missile. A further two people were wounded.[197] IAF.[24]
August 1, 2008 Tartus Muhammad Suleiman Syrian General, and top liaison between Syria and Hezbollah Killed by sniper fire. Israel never takes credit for the killing, but is widely suspected.[198][199] (Alleged)The U.S. Embassy in Damascus reported that Israelis were the 'most obvious suspect.'[200]
January 1, 2009 Jabaliya Refugee Camp Nizar Rayan (49) Professor of Sharia law, Islamic University of Gaza. Among first 5 top Hamas decision makers, and field operative. Advocated suicide bombings inside Israel.[201][202] His house destroyed by an IAF bomb. along with his 4 wives and 6 of his 14 children. 30 others in the vicinity were wounded. According to Israel, secondary explosions from weapons in the building caused collatrla damage. Rayan was not the target, rather, the strike aimed to destroy Hamas' central compound which included several buildings that served as storage sites for weapons. Israel further stated that phone warnings were delivered to the residents.[202][203] IAF
January 3, 2009 Abu Zakaria al-Jamal Senior Hamas military wing commander, and leader of Gaza City's rocket-launching squads[204] Killed in Israeli airstrike.[205]
January 15, 2009 Jabalia Said Seyam Hamas Interior Minister Killed in Israeli airstrike with his brother, his son, and Hamas general security services commander Salah Abu Shrakh.[206] IAF
January 26, 2009 Bureij Refugee Camp Issa Batran (failed. See 30 July 2010) Hamas Qassam rocket field commander. Targeted at his home. The attempt to assassinate him failed, but the shell hit the balcony of their home and killed his wife Manal Sha’rawi, and five of their children: Bilal, Izz Ad-Din, Ihsan, Islam and Eyman. Batran and his child Abdul-Hadi survived.[207][208] IDF
March 4, 2009 Gaza Strip Khaled Shalan Senior member of PIJ Killed in Israeli airstrike, together with 2/3 other militants, targeted after alleged involvement in rocket attacks on the Israeli city of Ashkelon. They jumped from their car but were critically wounded. 5 bystanders were also wounded.[209][210][211] IAF


2010s[edit]

Date Place Target Description Action Executor
January 11, 2010 Deir al-Balah Awad Abu Nasir Islamic Jihad Senior Field Commander Had escaped several assassination attempts. Reportedly involved in attempts to harm Israeli soldiers. Killed by a missile.[212][213] IAF[24]
January 12, 2010 Iran Masoud Alimohammadi Iranian Physicist Killed in a car bomb. Majid Jamali Fashi reportedly confessed to an Iranian court he had be recruited by Mossad to carry out the execution. Mossad (Alleged)[214]
January 19, 2010 Dubai Mahmoud al-Mabhouh Hamas senior military commander, believed to have been involved in smuggling weapons and explosives into Gaza.[215] Widely reported to have been killed by Israeli intelligence members. Israel stated that there is no proof of its involvement, and neither confirmed nor denied the allegations of a Mossad role.[216][217] Dubai police report that Israeli agents used Australian, French, British, Irish, and Dutch passports. Mossad (alleged)
July 30, 2010 Deserted area in the Nuseirat refugee camp Issa Abdul-Hadi al-Batran (40) Hamas military commander in central Gaza, who had survived 4 previous attempts on his life (26 Jan.2009). Thought to have been involved in manufacturing rockets. Killed by a missile in retaliation for earlier rocket attack on city of Ashkelon. A further 13 Palestinians were injured in the strike.[207][208] IAF
November 3, 2010 Gaza Strip Mohammed Nimnim Allegedly al-Qaeda affiliated, Army of Islam commander[218] Car explosion, due to either a bomb planted by Israel or an Israeli airstrike.[219] IAF, with Egyptian intelligence.
November 17, 2010 Gaza Strip Islam Yassin al-Qaeda affiliated, Army of Islam commander[220] Israeli airstrike on his car, killing him, his brother, and injuring four others.[221] IAF
November 29, 2010 Iran Majid Shahriari Iranian nuclear scientist Killed in a car bomb. According to the German newspaper Der Spiegel Israel was behind the killing.[222] Mossad (Alleged)
November 29, 2010 Iran Attempted killing of Fereydoon Abbasi. Iranian nuclear scientist Wounded in a car bomb.[223][224] Mossad (Alleged)
January 11, 2011 Gaza Strip Mohammed A-Najar Islamic Jihad operative. Suspected of planning attacks against civilians and launching rockets at Israel[225]

Attacked by the Israel Airforce while driving his motorcycle in the Gaza Strip.[225]

IAF
March 30, 2011 Khan Yunis One unidentified Islamic Jihad in Palestine. Said to have launch mortars into southern Israel Hit by missile fired from a drone at dawn while on a motor bike, driving from Khan Yunis to Rafah to attend, according to Islamimc Jihad, prayers in a mosque. Both died later in hospital.[226][227] .[24]
April 2, 2011 Ismail Lubbad, Abdullah Lubbad, Muhammad al Dayah Hamas Allegedly aiming to kidnap Israeli tourists in Sinai over Passover. .[24]
April 9, 2011 Gaza Strip Tayseer Abu Snima Senior Hamas commander Killed along with 2 of his bodyguards by the Israeli air force during a period of escalated rocket fire from Gaza. He was the most senior Hamas commander killed since 2009.[228] IAF
July 23, 2011 Iran Darioush Rezaeinejad Iranian electrical engineer Killed by unknown gunmen on motorcycle. Rezaeinejad was involved in development of high-voltage switches, which are used in a key component of nuclear warheads. Such switches may also have civilian scientific applications.[229] The German Newspaper Der Spiegel claimed Mossad was behind the operation. He is the third Iranian nuclear scientist killed since 2010.[230] Mossad (Alleged)
August 18, 2011 Gaza Strip Abu Oud al-Nirab; Khaled Shaath; Imad Hamed Popular Resistance Committees Commanders Killed hours after a terrorist attack killed 6 civilians and one soldier in southern Israel. 4 additional members of the group were killed in the strike.[231] IAF, Shin Bet
August 24, 2011 Ismael al-Asmar PIJ Allegedly weapons smuggler and militant in Egypt's Sinai, killed just before shooting a Qassam rocket. [24]
September 6, 2011 Khaled Sahmoud Popular Resistance Committees Killed after allegedly firing 5 Qassam into Southern Israel [24]
October 29, 2011 Ahmed al-Sheikh Khalil PIJ Munitions expert Killed in retaliation for allegedly launching rockets into Israel earlier that day. [24]
December 9, 2011 Isam Subahi Isamil Batash Al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigades [24]
January 11, 2012 Iran Mostafa Ahmadi-Roshan Iranian nuclear scientist The bomb that killed Ahmadi-Roshan at the Natanz uranium enrichment facility, and another unidentified person was a magnetic one and the same as the ones previously used for the assassination of the scientists, and the "...work of the Zionists [Israelis]," deputy Tehran governor Safarali Baratloo said.[232]

[233][234]

Mossad (Alleged)
March 9, 2012 Gaza Strip Zuhir al-Qaisi;Mahmud Ahmed Hananni Qaisi was Secretary-General of the Popular Resistance Committees According to Israeli intelligence, he was planning an imminent attack in the Sinai.[235] IAF
August 5, 2012 Tel al-Sultan Refugee Camp.[236] Nadi Okhal (19); Ahmad Said Ismail (22) Popular Resistance Committee, said by IDF sources to be associated with global jihadist movement Killed while riding a motor bike. The other passenger was badly wounded. [24]
September 20, 2012 al-Janeneh neighborhood in eastern Gaza, Anis Abu Mahmoud el-Anin (22);Ashraf Mahmoud Salah (38). Hamas security officers. Salah belonged to the Popular Resistance Committees Their car was shelled by aircraft overhead.[237] IAF[24]
October 13, 2012 Masoud Street, Jabaliya Hisham Al-Saidni (Abu al-Walid al- Maqdisi) (43/47/53);[238] Ashraf al-Sabah.[239][240] Respectively Salafi-jihadist militant leader of al-Tawhid wa al-Jihad and the Mujahedeen Shura Council, and head of Ansar Al-Sunna. Israeli and one Salafi source say they had links with Al-Qaeda.[241][242] Killed by a drone-launched rocket while riding a motor bike in company with Jazar. Several civilians, including a 12 year old boy, were wounded.[243] IAF[24]
October 13, 2012 Khan Yunis Yasser Mohammad al-Atal (23) Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine Rocket strike while he was riding his motor bike. A second man was critically injured.[240][244]
October 14, 2012 Deir al-Balah in central Gaza City Ezzedine Abu Nasira (23);Ahmad Fatayer (22)[240] Popular Resistance Committees Struck by a missile while riding in a tuk-tuk after firing rockets into Israel to avenge deaths resulting from two airstrikes the day before. Two others seriously wounded.[245] IAF[24]
November 14, 2012 Gaza Strip Ahmed Jaabari Commander of Hamas' military wing Killed in an airstrike at the start of Operation Pillar of Cloud. Led Hamas' 2007 takeover of the Gaza Strip and, according to Israel, was responsible for most attacks on Israel originating in Gaza from about 2006 to 2012, including the capture of Gilad Shalit.[246] IAF
April 30, 2013 West of Gaza City Hithem Ziad Ibrahim Masshal (24/25) and three others, one on the bike. Al Quds Brigades (Israel). Hamas security guard at Al-Shifa Hospital (Hamas version).[247] Defined by Israel as a Freelance Terror Consultant" and active in different Jihad Salafi terror organisations responsible for two rockets fired towards Eilat on 17 April, he was killed when a rocket hit him on his motor bike. The strike broke a fragile cease-fire agreement.[248] IAF[24]
January 22, 2014 Beit Hanoun Ahmad Zaanin;Mahmoud Yousef Zaanin PFLP(JVL); PIJ The relatives were held responsible for rocket attacks into southern Israel. Only Ahmed was admitted by PIJ to be a member. His cousin and he were killed sitting in a pickup truck parked outside their home.[249] IAF[24]
February 9, 2014 Deir al-Balah Abdullah Kharti Popular Resistance Committees member. Regarded by IDF as involved with rocket fire episodes. Hit and critically wounded, with a friend, while riding on a motor cycle.[250] IAF
March 3, 2014 farmland near Beit Hanoun[251] Mus’ab Musa Za’aneen (21); Yousef/Sharif) Nasser (31) PIJ Had just fired homemade rocket landing in a field south of Ashkelon (Israeli version). It was not known if either were militants (Palestinian version). A child and a fourth person were wounded.[252] IAF[24]
June 11, 2014 Sudaniya, northern Gaza Strip Mohammed Ahmed Alarur/Awar (30/33) of Beit Lahiya; Hamada Hassan, a Beit Lahia resident (25) was critically wounded.[253] Hamas policeman. Salafist cell leader (Israeli description) Described by IDF sources as a global jihad-affiliated terrorist planning attacks against Israel responsible for a rocket salvo on Sderot that interrupted the silence of a Passover holiday. Alarur was hit by a missile while riding a motorbike. A car nearby was also struck.[254] One report identifies a further victim, his 7 year old nephew, who was riding in the family care and who died of wounds on June 14, ascribing to the latter a role of 'human shield.'[255] IAF, Shin Bet.
June 27, 2014 al-Shati refugee camp, Gaza Strip Muhammad al-Fasih and;Usama al-Hassumi Both seem to have been affiliated to the Al-Nasser Salah al-Din Brigades Struck by two helicopter-launched missiles while driving a black Kia vehicle. Two other people were wounded.[256] IAF
August 19, 2014 Sheikh Radwan distinct, Gaza City Attempted assassination of Mohammed Deif Hamas commander of the Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades thought to be the architect of Hamas's tunnel system. Several IAF missiles struck Deif's 6 storey home. His wife Widad (27), 7 month old son Ali and daughter Sarah (3) were killed in the strike. Three other residents in the building were also killed. According to Fox News, anonymous Israeli intelligence sources claimed that Deif had been killed in the strike. Hamas denied the reports that Deif, who has survived five previous Israeli attempts to assassinate him, had died in the F-16 bombing of his home. Israel has not gone on the record to confirm Deif's death.[257][258][259][260] IAF
2:30 am, August 21, 2014 Rafah Rafah Division commander Raed al-Attar; Southern Division commander Mohammed Abu Shmallah; Rafah Division senior commander Mohammed Barhoum . Hamas commanders. Struck by a pair of F-16 one-ton bombs guided through a window of the building where they had been located.[261][262] IAF


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Eyal Weizman,'Targeted Assassinations: The Airborne Occupation' in Weizman, Hollow Land: Israel's Architecture of Occupation (2007) Verso 2012 pp.237-258 pp.238, 250.
  2. ^ Roland Otto, Targeted Killings and International Law, Springer 2011, p.6, pp.310,319ff.
  3. ^ Nils Melzer, Targeted Killing in International Law, Oxford University Press, 2008 pp.3-5, p.5.
  4. ^ a b Lisa Hajjar,'Lawfare and Targeted Killing: Developments in the Israeli and US Contexts,' Jadaliyya 15 January 2012:'In 1992 a government spokesperson said, “There is no policy, and there never will be a policy or a reality, of willful killings of suspects…the principle of the sanctity of life is a fundamental principle of the I.D.F. There is no change and there will not be a change in this respect”.'
  5. ^ Jonathan Masters, Targeted Killings Council on Foreign Relations May 23, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Anthony H. Cordesman, Jennifer Moravitz, The Israeli-Palestinian War: Escalating to Nowhere, Greenwood Publishing Group 2005 p.347.
  7. ^ Ami Pedahzur, The Israeli Secret Services and the Struggle Against Terrorism, Columbia University Press, 2013 ed. p.201.
  8. ^ Abraham D. Sofaer (March 26, 2004). "Responses to Terrorism / Targeted killing is a necessary option". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved May 20, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Israel and the Occupied Territories: Israel must end its policy of assassinations". AI Index: MDE 15/056/2003. Amnesty International. 4 July 2003. Retrieved 14 April 2014. "Amnesty International considers that respect for the rule of law and the protection of the right to life require that the policy of assassinating those who do not pose an imminent threat to lives be ruled unlawful and be stopped." 
  10. ^ a b c Philip Alston, UN: Report of the Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary, or Arbitrary Executions, United Nations A/HRC/14/24/Add.6, May 28, 2010.
  11. ^ B'tselem2011,'Change in military investigation policy welcome, but it must not be contingent on the security situation,' B’tselem 6 April 2011:'According to B’Tselem statistics, from the beginning of the second intifada, on 29 September 2000, to the end of 2010, Israeli security forces killed 4,927 Palestinians in the West Bank and in the Gaza Strip, 970 of them minors (under age 18). At least 2,227 of the fatalities were not taking part in hostilities. Another 239 were the object of a targeted killing. Thousands more were injured. [These figures do not include the casualties in Operation Cast Lead.'
  12. ^ 'Abbas announces Israel-Gaza ceasefire,' Ma'an News Agency 26 August 2014.
  13. ^ a b Burns, Lieutenant-General E.L.M. (1962) Between Arab and Israeli. George G. Harrap. Page 164
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h Avery Plaw, Targeting Terrorists: A License to Kill? Ashgate Publishing, 2008 p.39.
  15. ^ Sirrs, Owen L. (January 2006). Nasser and the missile age in the Middle East. Routledge. p. 61. 
  16. ^ a b Lavy, George (October 1996). Germany and Israel: moral debt and national interest. Routledge. p. 63. 
  17. ^ Bernhard Press,The Murder of the Jews in Latvia: 1941-1945, Northwestern University Press, 2000 p.103.'Cukurs tore an infant out of its mother's arms and smashed the baby's head against the curbstone. As the mother threw herself with a wild scream on the lifeless, bleeding body of her child, he riddled her head with bullet from his revolver.'
  18. ^ Valdis O. Lumans,Latvia in World War II, Fordham University Press, 2006 p.240.'probably the victim of an Israeli Mossad agent.'
  19. ^ Josifs Šteimanis,History of Latvian Jews, East European Monographs 2002.
  20. ^ Anton Künzle, Gad Shimron,The Execution of the Hangman of Riga: The Only Execution of a Nazi War Criminal by the Mossad, Vallentine Mitchell, 2004.
  21. ^ a b c Ami Pedahzur, The Israeli Secret Services and the Struggle Against Terrorism, Columbia University Press, 2009 pp.39-40.
  22. ^ Stich, Rodney. "FBI, CIA, the Mob, and Treachery". 2007. p.188
  23. ^ a b Mark Ensalaco,Middle Eastern Terrorism: From Black September to September 11, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011 p.37.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd 'Targeted Killings of Terrorists,' Jewish Virtual Library March 2014 update.
  25. ^ Guerin, Orla (June 29, 2002). "BBC Article". BBC News. Retrieved October 21, 2010. 
  26. ^ a b Palestinians' Way Forward Al Jazeera English, June 19, 2009
  27. ^ Bar-Zohar, Michael & Eitan Haber. Massacre in Munich. The Lyons Press, 2005, p. 146
  28. ^ a b c d Anna Goppel, Killing Terrorists: A Moral and Legal Analysis, Walter de Gruyter, 2013 p.36.
  29. ^ Tony Geraghty, Black Ops: The Rise of Special Forces in the C.I.A., the S.A.S., and Mossad, Open Road Media/Pegasus Books, 2011 p.263:'probably by a two man team from Mossad's Kidon hit team'.
  30. ^ Strategic intelligence, Volume 1 By Loch K. Johnson, p. 67
  31. ^ Matt Webster, Inside Israel's Mossad: The Institute for Intelligence and Special Tasks, Rosen Publishing Group, 2003 p.48.
  32. ^ The terrorist list: A-K, By Edward Mickolus. p.28
  33. ^ Bob Simon,'An Eye For An Eye,' CBS News, 20 November 2001.
  34. ^ a b c d Kameel B. Nasr,Arab and Israeli Terrorism, McFarland 1997 p.71.
  35. '^ Blake W. Mobley, Terrorism and Counterintelligence: How Terrorist Groups Elude Detection, Columbia University Press, 2012 p.91.
  36. ^ a b "Death of a Terrorist". Time Magazine. 1979-02-05. Retrieved 2007-03-27. 
  37. ^ a b Poisoned Mossad chocolate killed PFLP leader in 1977, says book. Middle East Times. May 6, 2006
  38. ^ Ephraim Kahana, 'Covert Action:The Israeli Experience,' in Loch K. Johnson (ed.),Strategic Intelligence, p.67.
  39. ^ Anthony H. Cordesman, Peace and War: The Arab-Israeli Military Balance Enters the 21st Century, Greenwood Publishing 2002 p.324.
  40. ^ http://www.science.co.il/ilan-ramon/Osiraq.pdf Ford, Peter S., Major, USAF, "Israel's Attack on Osiraq: A Model for Future Preventive Strikes?", INSS Occasional Paper 59, USAF Institute for National Security Studies, USAF Academy, Colorado, July 2005, p. 15
  41. ^ a b Ostrovsky, Victor, "By Way of Deception: The Making and Unmaking of a Mossad Officer", St. Martin's Press, New York, 1990, p. 23f.
  42. ^ "Agent Livni Makes British Headlines". YNet News. June 1, 2008. Retrieved October 23, 2008. 
  43. ^ a b c Daniel Byman,A High Price: The Triumphs and Failures of Israeli Counterterrorism, Oxford University Press, 2011 pp.56.
  44. ^ Nachman Ben-Yehuda, Political Assassinations by Jews: A Rhetorical Device for Justice, SUNY 1993 p.315
  45. ^ a b Toolis, Kevin (26 August 1990). "The Man Behind Iraq's Supergun". The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  46. ^ a b Gordon Thomas,Gideon's Spies: The Secret History of the Mossad, Macmillan 2007 pp.119-121.
  47. ^ Ami Pedahzur, The Israeli Secret Services and the Struggle Against Terrorism, Columbia University Press 2013 p.173
  48. ^ Jeroen Gunning, 'Hizbollah,' in Marianne Heiberg, Brendan O'Leary, John Tirman (eds.),Terror, Insurgency, and the State: Ending Protracted Conflicts, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007 pp.157-187 p.186.
  49. ^ Edward F. Mickolus, Susan L. Simmons, Terrorism, 1992-1995: A Chronology of Events and a Selectively Annotated Bibliography, Greenwood Publishing Group, 1997 pp.172-173.
  50. ^ Anthony Clark Arend,Robert J. Beck International Law and the Use of Force: Beyond the U.N. Charter Paradigm, Routledge (1993) 2014 pp.245-6, n.118.
  51. ^ Patrick Cockburn,'How the phone bomb was set up,' The Independent,9 January 1996.
  52. ^ Shaul Mishal, Avraham Sela, The Palestinian Hamas: Vision, Violence, and Coexistence, Columbia University Press, (2000) 2006 p.75.
  53. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m PCHR,Assassination of Palestinians …An Israeli Official Policy:Report on Extra-Judicial killings Committed by the Israeli Occupation Forces,September 29, 2000 – April 25, 2001' Palestinian Centre for Human Rights 2001 pp.78.
  54. ^ a b Henry Chu, 'Abbas asks militants to honor cease-fire,' Baltimore Sun, 17 July 2005.
  55. ^ a b c Unispal2001 Question of the Violation of Human Rights in the Occupied Arab Territories, including Palestine, UN Commission of Human Rights, E/CN.4/2001/121, 16 March 2001.
  56. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai B'tselem3, 'Palestinians killed during the course of a targeted killing in the West Bank,' B'tselem 2005
  57. ^ a b State Department of U.S.A,'Country Reports on Human Rights Practices,' Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor of the US State Department, February 23, 2001. Retrieved October 14, 2006.
  58. ^ Israel's death squads: A soldier's story, Donald Macintyre, The Independent, March 1, 2009.
  59. ^ a b c d e Baruch Kimmerling, Politicide: Ariel Sharon's War Against the Palestinians, Verso 2003 p.162 n.18.
  60. ^ The Independent, 14 February 2001
  61. ^ Philips, Alan. "Arafat aide killed in helicopter ambush", Telegraph, February 14, 2001. Retrieved October 14, 2006.
  62. ^ a b c d e f g h PCHR2001b,'Report on Extra-Judicial killings Committed by the Israeli Occupation Forces,September 29, 2000 – September 28, 2001,' PCHR October 2001.
  63. ^ , Journal of Palestine Studies, Institute for Palestine Studies (Washington, D.C.), vol.31 pp.107,164.
  64. ^ 'Israelis kill four in air strike; Palestinians reply with mortar,' Philadelphia Inquirer, 18 July 2001
  65. ^ Profile: Hamas activist Jamal Mansour, BBC News, July 31, 2001. Retrieved October 14, 2006.
  66. ^ "Palestinian activist shot, killed", CNN, August 20, 2001. Retrieved October 14, 2006.
  67. ^ Ami Pedahzur,The Israeli Secret Services and the Struggle Against Terrorism, Columbia University Press, 2013 ed. p.201.It ended a fragile cease-fire and was considered by Binyamin Ben-Eliezer to be 'the biggest mistake' Israel had made.
  68. ^ "Killing sparks fresh Mid-East violence". BBC News. January 14, 2002. Retrieved November 11, 2009. 
  69. ^ a b c d Journal of Palestine Studies. XXXI, no. 3 (Spring 2002), University of California Press, pp. 172-194.
  70. ^ Brian Kates, 'Suicide bomb kills girl, boy: Injures 27 Israelis in West Bank,' New York Daily News, 16 February 2002.
  71. ^ a b B'tselem2, 'Palestinian killed by Israeli security forces, Not known if involved in fighting in the West Bank,' B'tselem 2009.
  72. ^ Journal of Palestine Studies. XXXI, no. 4 (Summer 2002), University of California Press, p 203.
  73. ^ Joel Brinkley, 'Mideast Turmoil:Israel Promises a Pullback As Death Toll Keeps Rising,' New York Times,March 15, 2002
  74. ^ Nazir Majally,Zinni arrives amid Israeli bloodshed in West Bank,' Arab News 15 March 2002.
  75. ^ Elizabeth Rubin, 'The Most Wanted Palestinian,' New York Times 30 June 2002.
  76. ^ Chris McGreal,'Israel accused over Jenin assaultRed Cross and Amnesty say attack violated Geneva accords,' The Guardian 23 April 2002.
  77. ^ a b Peter Beaumont, 'Hamas threat over killing of key bomber,' The Guardian 2 July 2002
  78. ^ Journal of Palestine Studies,, Institute for Palestine Studies and Kuwait University, Volume 32, 2002 p.181.
  79. ^ Edward F. Mickolus,The Terrorist List: The Middle East, Praeger Security International, vol.1, A-K.2009 p.64
  80. ^ Efraim Inbar,Democracies and Small Wars, Psychology Press, 2003 p.186.
  81. ^ Stephen Sloan, Sean K. Anderson, Historical Dictionary of Terrorism, Scarecrow Press,2009 p.233.
  82. ^ Zohar Kampf, Tamar Liebes, Transforming Media Coverage of Violent Conflicts: The New Face of War, Palgrave/Macmillan 2013 p.152.
  83. ^ Anat Biletzki, 'Politicizing Human Rights (Using International Law),' in Larry May, Zachary Hoskins (eds), International Criminal Law and Philosophy, Cambridge University Press, 2010 p.190.
  84. ^ is Responsible for Death of "Human Shield",' B'tselem 14 August 2002.
  85. ^ Inigo Gilmore,'Israeli 'human shield' dies in raid on militant,' Telegraph 16 August 2002.
  86. ^ Ibrahim Hazboun,'Witnesses: Israel Conducts New Raids,' Associated Press,October 29, 2002.
  87. ^ 'Israel Kills 2 Militant Palestinian Leaders,' Los Angeles Times, 27 November 2002.
  88. ^ Margot Dudkevitch, 'Two top Hamas terrorists killed,' Jerusalem Post, 24 December 2002.
  89. ^ Khaled Amayreh 'Ibrahim Makadmeh (1952-2003):The price of freedom,' Al Ahram, March 19, 2003
  90. ^ 'Two Hamas leaders, Israeli soldier killed in West Bank, ' USAToday 3/18/2003
  91. ^ NoteThe Jewish Virtual Library places Nasser Asida's killing (classified as targeted) on July 23, 2002
  92. ^ George Myre,' Palestinians, Including Girl, 10, Are Slain in West Bank,' New York Times, 25 March 2003.
  93. ^ UNISPAL, 'Chronological Review of Events Relating to the Question of Palestine :MONTHLY MEDIA MONITORING REVIEW,April 2003,' April 30, 2003
  94. ^ Reuters, ',' Gulfnews April 11, 2003]
  95. ^ Amos Harel,'U.S. slams IDF strike on Hamas man in Gaza Strip,' Haaretz 8 May 2003.
  96. ^ Ravi Nessman,'15 Killed in Israel; 7 Dead in Gaza City,' Associated Press June 11, 2003
  97. ^ ',' BBC News, June 12, 2003.
  98. ^ Francie Grace, 'Sharon Defying Road Map?,' CBS News 22 June 2003.
  99. ^ http://unispal.un.org/unispal.nsf/e4f689b77065914485256c530073aa6b/e74f0393030424d985256ded005d9805%3FOpenDocument 'A Chronological Review of Events Relating to the Question of Palestine,' Unispal,June 2003
  100. ^ Khalid Amayreh,'Israeli guns target peace efforts,' Al Jazeera 31 August 2003.
  101. ^ "Hamas terrorist Ismail Abu Shanab - 21-Aug-2003". Mfa.gov.il. Retrieved October 21, 2010. 
  102. ^ Roger Hardy, 'Analysis: End of roadmap?,' BBC News 21 August 2003.
  103. ^ Brian Witaker,'Pragmatist whose two-state solution cut no ice with Israel,' The Guardian 22 August 2003.
  104. ^ a b Chris McGreal,'Israeli missile attack on Hamas leader misses target and kills passerby,' The Guardian, 27 August 2003.
  105. ^ 'Israeli attack kills four Hamas members, ' CNN 25 August 2003.
  106. ^ Arnon Regular,'Hamas Ready to meet Abbas, despite hits,' Haaretz, 27 August 2003.
  107. ^ 'Hamas militant killed in Israeli helicopter attack in Gaza,' CNN 29 August 2003.
  108. ^ 'Israeli Missiles Kill Two Militants,' Los Angeles Times, 31 August 2003.
  109. ^ [] BBC News 30 August 2003.
  110. ^ 'Palestinian girl dies of injuries in missile strike,' USA Today 2 September 2003.
  111. ^ a b Laura King,'Militant killed in Israeli attack,' Chicago Tribune, 26 December 2003.
  112. ^ Ken Ellingwood, 'Missile, Bomber Shatter Calm,' Sun Sentinel
  113. ^ Laura King, 'Israeli Missile Strike in Gaza Kills Militant and Schoolboy,' Los Angeles Times, 8 February 2004.
  114. ^ Journal of Palestine Studies, Summer 2004, Volume XXX111, no 4 (132). Page 189, Chronology compiles by Michele K. Esposito. citing Agence France-Presse, New York Times, Washington Post and Washington Times.
  115. ^ 'Missile raid kills Gaza militant,' BBC News, 28 February 2004.
  116. ^ JoPS. Page 190. cites Ha'Aretz, Palestine Report.
  117. ^ "Al Jazeera English – The Life And Death Of Shaikh Yasin". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on August 16, 2007. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
  118. ^ George Wright,assassinates Hamas Leader' The Guardian, 22 March 2004.
  119. ^ 'Hamas chief killed in air strike,' BBC News 18 April 2004.
  120. ^ Steven Neil Rousso-Schindler,Israeli and Palestinian National Narratives: National and Individual Constructions, Social Suffering Narratives, and Everyday Performances, ProQuest 2007 p.309, citing Amos Harel,'Four Palestinians Killed in West Bank:Rally Planned for Ramallah,' Haaretz, 23 April 2004.
  121. ^ Amos Harel, Arnon Regular,'IDF: Arab lecturer killed `by mistake',' Haaretz, 30 April 2004.
  122. ^ Amira Hass, 'Was it just Some Guy Who's Afraid of Dogs?,' Haaretz, April 28, 2004.
  123. ^ a b releases Hamas co-founder Mohammed Taha,' Haaretz, May 6, 2004.
  124. ^ 'Israeli missiles kill senior Hamas man, two others,' China Daily, 30 May 2004.
  125. ^ a b 'Medio Oriente. Missile israeliano nel campo profughi di Balata: ucciso capo delle Brigate martiri di al Aqsa,' Rai News24,15 June 2004
  126. ^ 'Palestinians killed in Israeli strike, ' Al Jazeera, June 15, 2004.
  127. ^ Ohad Gozani, 'Israeli troops kill militant leader in secret tunnel,' The Telegraph, 28 June 2004.
  128. ^ 'Israel Kills 2 Militants in Gaza Missile Strike,' Los Angeles Times, 23 July 2004.
  129. ^ UNISPAL,'Chronological Review of Events Relating to the Question of Palestine,' United Nations Monthly Media Monitoring Review, Palestinian Division, July 2004.
  130. ^ 'Air strike kills Gaza militants,' BBC News, 29 July 2004.
  131. ^ ',' The Guardian, 18 August 2004.
  132. ^ UNISPAL,'Illegal Israeli actions in Occupied East Jerusalem and the rest of the Occupied Palestinian Territory,' UN General Assembly,A/ES-10/277,S/2004/668,19 August 2004.
  133. ^ Margot Dudkevitch, 'Fatah threatens revenge for death of Zubeidi's deputy,' Jerusalem Post, 13 September 2004.
  134. ^ 'Hamas vows revenge for killing,' BBC News 20 September 2004.
  135. ^ 'Gaza City blast kills militants, ' BBC News, 21 September 2004.
  136. ^ Joel Greenberg, 'Palestinian militant slain in Damascus,' Chicago Tribune, 27 September 2004.
  137. ^ UNISPAL, 'Division for Palestinian Rights:Chronological Review of Events Relating to the Question of Palestine:MONTHLY MEDIA MONITORING REVIEW,September 2004,' UN 30 Sepeember 2004.
  138. ^ 'Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (07 October 2004),' Palestinian Centre for Human Rights, October 7, 2004.
  139. ^ Amos Harel, Arnon Regular,'IDF kills girl, 13, on her way to school,' Haaretz October 6, 2004.
  140. ^ 'Human Rights Report 175,' International Women's Peace Service, 2005.
  141. ^ a b 'Israel gears up for possible Gaza offensive,' CNN, 17 July 2005.
  142. ^ 'Hamas militant killed as Sharon gives army free hand,' ABC News, 17 July 2004.
  143. ^ UNISPAL, 'Protection of Civilians - Weekly Briefing Notes:13 - 19 July 2005,' OCHA 19 July 2005.
  144. ^ 'PNA and Hamas: Israel Is Fuelling Palestinian In-fighting,' IMRA 16 July 2005.
  145. ^ 'Israel strikes Hamas weapons labs,' CNN 16 July 2005
  146. ^ Steven Erlander,'Israeli Airstrikes Kill 7 Militants in West Bank and Gaza,' New York Times 16 July 2005.
  147. ^ Steven Erlanger, 'Israel Responds to Attacks, Arresting 30 Militants,' New York Times, 17 July 2005.
  148. ^ Scott Wilson, ‘Sharon Faces Deep Divisions in Israeli Right,’ Washington Post, 25 September 2005.
  149. ^ ‘Palestinians: Israelis target militant car,’ CNN 28 October 2005.
  150. ^ Steven Erlanger, ‘New Israeli-Palestinian Violence Puts Truce in Doubt,’ New York Times 29 October 2005.
  151. ^ Lloyd Vines, ‘Top Palestinian Fugitives Killed,’ CBS News 2 November 2005.
  152. ^ David Poort, ‘The al-Madhoun assassination,’ Al Jazeera, January 5, 2011.
  153. ^ ‘Israel air strike kills militant, ’ BBC News 7 December 2005
  154. ^ Israeli Missile Kills Palestinian Militant,' Los Angeles Times, December 8, 2005.
  155. ^ Greg Myre, ‘Israeli Missile Kills 2 Palestinians; Violence Threatens Rice Accord,’ New York Times, 8 December 2005.
  156. ^ Nidal al-Mughrabi, ‘Israel kills 4 Gaza militants in air strike,’ The New Zealand Herald, 15 December 2005.
  157. ^ Greg Myres,‘Israeli Missiles Kill 4 Palestinian Militants in Gaza Strip,’ New York Times 15 December 2005.
  158. ^ Gideon Alon, Amos Harel, 'IDF: Gaza operation is no real solution for Qassam threat,' Haaretz 2 January 2006
  159. ^ 'Gaza militants killed in strike,' BBC News February 5, 2006
  160. ^ a b Xinhua,'Two Palestinians killed in Israeli airstrike in Gaza,' Xinhua 7 February 2006.
  161. ^ '3 Palestinians Extra-Judicially Executed by IOF, ' PCHR 7 February 2006.
  162. ^ Associated Press,'Israeli missile strike incinerates two militants,' The Guardian, 7 February 2006.
  163. ^ 'Air Strike kills two Palestinians,' BBC News 7 February 2006.
  164. ^ 'Air IDF kills Islamic Jihad operative, ' Jerusalem Post 10 March 2006.
  165. ^ Laura King, 'Hamas Undoes New Powers Given to Palestinian President,' Los Angeles Times, 7 March 2006.
  166. ^ Scott Wilson, 'Bomb Blast Wounds Key Palestinian Official,' Washington Post, May 21, 2006.
  167. ^ 'Palestinian sources: Senior Islamic Jihad militant, 3 others killed in Gaza City airstrike,' CNN 20 May 2006.
  168. ^ 'Lebanon: Car bomb kills Islamic Jihad leader,' Ynet 26 May 2005.
  169. ^ UNISPAL,'Chronological Review of Events Relating to the Question of Palestine,' June 30, 2006.
  170. ^ 'Israel kills 2 Palestinian militants in Gaza air strike,' CNN, June 5, 2006.
  171. ^ Hamas defies 'security force' ban, BBC News Online, 21 April 2006.
  172. ^ ',' BBC News 8 June 2005.
  173. ^ Joel Greenberg, 'Israeli air strike kills 11 in Gaza,' Chicago Tribune June 14, 2006.
  174. ^ UNISPAL,'Illegal Israeli actions in Occupied East Jerusalem and the rest of the Occupied Palestinian Territory,' A/ES-10/346 S/2006/501,10 July 2006.
  175. ^ Reuters,'Israel digs in as deadline looms,' The Age, 4 July 2006.
  176. ^ 'Report: IAF strike kills Hamas man in Beit Hanoun, ' Jerusalem Post, 4 July 2006.
  177. ^ Yaakov Katz,'IAF kills two Islamic Jihad men in Jenin,' Jerusalem Post, August 9, 2006.
  178. ^ a b c d B'tselem2013, 'Palestinians who took part in the hostilities and were killed by Israeli security forces in the Gaza Strip,' B'tselem, 2013.
  179. ^ a b Greg Myre, '8 Palestinians Killed in Israeli Raid,' New York Times 12 October.2006.
  180. ^ 'Israeli air strike kills two Palestinians in Gaza,' Oneindia 13 October 2006.
  181. ^ ['World Scene,'] Washington Times 12 October 2006.
  182. ^ a b Hisham Abu Taha,['Eight Palestinian Fighters Killed in Israeli Raids,'] Arab News, 15 October 2006.
  183. ^ a b PCHR, 'Extra-Judicial Executions Committed by the Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF),August 2006 - June 2008', Palestinian Centre for Human Rights, August 2006.
  184. ^ Ali Waked, 'IDF kills senior Islamic Jihad member in Gaza, ' Ynet, 1 June 2007.
  185. ^ UNISPAL, 'Chronological Review of Events Relating to the Question of Palestine Monthly media monitoring review, June 2007,' 24 July 2007
  186. ^ Isabel Kershner, 'Palestinian Militants Die in Raids and Jail Riot,' New York Times, 24 October 2007.
  187. ^ Ken Ellingwood, 'Militant leader dies in Gaza airstrike,' Los Angeles Times, 24 October 2007.
  188. ^ a b '6 Islamic Jihad terrorists killed in IDF strikes,' Ynet, 17 December 2007.
  189. ^ a b Yuval Azoulay, 'Islamic Jihad swears revenge as 11 killed in IDF raids in Gaza,' Haaretz 17 December 2007.
  190. ^ [=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/7186232.stm 'Mid-East talks on 'core issues','] BBC News 14 January 2008.
  191. ^ 'Gaza: 2 Palestinians killed in Israeli air strike, ' Ynet, 17 January 2008.
  192. ^ UNISPAL,'Division for Palestinian Rights.Chronological Review of Events Relating to the Question of Palestine:Monthly media monitoring review,January 2008,' 31 January 2008
  193. ^ Atul Aneja, 'Israel hits back after Dimona blast,' The Hindu, 6 February 2008.
  194. ^ Mahnaimi, Uzi; Jaber, Hala; Swain, Jon (February 17, 2008). "Israel kills terror chief with headrest bomb". London: The Sunday Times. Retrieved March 28, 2008. 
  195. ^ Powell, Robyn (February 26, 2008). "Israel denies assassinating Hizbollah chief". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved March 28, 2008. 
  196. ^ Ali Waked,'Hamas operative killed in IAF strike in Rafah,' Ynet 1 May 2008.
  197. ^ 'Hamas Says Cease-Fire Reached With Israel,' CBS News, June 17, 2008
  198. ^ Yoav Stern (August 3, 2008). "Sniper kills Syrian Pres. Assad's Hezbollah liaison". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 2009-05-08. 
  199. ^ Harel, Amos (September 28, 2010). "ANALYSIS / In bombing Sudan, Israel sends message to Iran". Haaretz. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
  200. ^ Ian Black,'WikiLeaks cables: Syria believed Israel was behind sniper killing,' The Guardian
  201. ^ Trevor Mostyn, 'Nizar Rayan (obituary),' The Guardian, 3 January 2009.
  202. ^ a b Kalman, Matthew; Kennedy, Helen (2009-01-01). "Israel fells key Hamas strongman, escalating conflict; says it's ready for ground invasion". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  203. ^ Israeli ground troops enter Gaza
  204. ^ Katz, Yaakov (January 3, 2009). "Tens of thousands of IDF combat reservists called up". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved November 11, 2009. 
  205. ^ Yaakov Katz (Jan 15, 2009). "IAF kills Hamas strongman Siam". The Jerusalem Post. 
  206. ^ a b 'Slain Al-Qassam leader marred by Gaza war,' Ma'an News 31 July 2010.
  207. ^ a b Barak Ravid, Avi Issacharoff, Shlomo Shamir,'Hamas vows revenge after Israel kills commander in Gaza strike,' Haaretz,July 30, 2010.
  208. ^ Yanir Yagna, Avi Issacharoff and Anshel Pfeffer, 'Rocket hits synagogue in Netivot; IAF bombs Gaza tunnels,' Haaretz 4 March 2009.
  209. ^ al-Mughrabi, Nidal (March 4, 2009). "Israel kills Gaza rocket commander in airstrike". Reuters. Retrieved November 11, 2009. 
  210. ^ Isabel Kershner,'Driver Shot Dead After Rampage in Jerusalem,' New York Times,5 March 2009.
  211. ^ Efrat Weiss and Ali Waked 'IDF: Senior Islamic Jihad commander killed in Gaza strike, ' Ynet,10 January 2010.
  212. ^ AGF ['Israeli Planes Kill 3 Militants In Gaza Strike,'] New York Times, 11 January 2010.
  213. ^ Bernd Kaussler,'Iran's Nuclear Diplomacy: Power Politics and Conflict Resolution,' Routledge 2013, p.106
  214. ^ Issacharoff, Avi; Harel, Amos (2010-01-31). "Mystery explosion kills senior Hamas militant in Dubai". Haaretz. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  215. ^ Yaakov Katz,Yoaz Hendel,Israel Vs. Iran: The Shadow War, Potomac Books 2012, p.92:'While Israel neither denied its involvement nor claimed responsibility for the assassination, the passport fiasco left little doubt about the role the Mossad played in killing Mahbouh. Even before Dubai released pictures of the passports that the alleged assassins had used, the smiles on the faces of several Israeli government ministers as they entered the cabinet room the Sunday after Mabhouh's assassination made Israel's involvement quite clear.'
  216. ^ "Israeli politician Livni hails Dubai Hamas killing", BBC News, February 23, 2010.
  217. ^ Yitzhak Behorin (November 11, 2010). "Egypt 'tipped' Israel on terrorist". ynetnews. 
  218. ^ Anshel Pfeffer, Avi Issacharoff and News Agencies (November 3, 2010). "Israel claims assassination of top Islamist militant in Gaza". Haaretz. 
  219. ^ Avi Issacharoff (November 17, 2010). "IDF kills senior Gaza militant planning to abduct Israelis in Sinai". Haaretz. 
  220. ^ Yaakov Lappin (November 17, 2010). "IAF kills Army of Islam leader in Gaza". The Jerusalem Post. 
  221. ^ Robert Zeliger (August 2, 2011). "Report: Mossad behind string of assassinations in Iran". Foreign Policy. 
  222. ^ http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/bomb-blast-blamed-on-israel-and-us-kills-iran-nuclear-scientist-2146996.html
  223. ^ http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/sabotaging-iran-s-nuclear-program-mossad-behind-tehran-assassinations-says-source-a-777899.html
  224. ^ a b "Israeli air strike kills one Palestinian in Gaza". Thaindian News. Jan 12, 2011. 
  225. ^ Reuters,'Israeli air strike kills Gaza gunman on motorbike,' Reuters News Agency 30 March 2011
  226. ^ Fares Akram, Ethan Bronner, 'Militants Put Gazans in Danger, Group Says,' New York Times, 30 March 2011.
  227. ^ Kevin Flower (April 9, 2011). "Arab League meeting urged over Gaza". CNN. 
  228. ^ AP Exclusive: Police investigate Iran nuke expert. The Guardian.
  229. ^ "'Der Spiegel': Mossad behind Iran scientist assassination". The Jerusalem Post. August 2, 2011. 
  230. ^ Elior Levy (August 18, 2011). "Revenge: 2 Top terrorists killed". ynetnews. 
  231. ^ The Express Herald Tribune's reporter Web Desk (February 10, 2012). "Mossad training hit-squads in Iran to kill nuclear scientists: Report.". Tribune. 
  232. ^ MSNBC's reporter Brian Williams (February 9, 2012). "Israel teams with terror group to kill Iran's nuclear scientists, U.S. officials tell NBC News.". MSNBC. 
  233. ^ BBC's reporter Mohsen Asgari (January 11, 2012). "A university lecturer and nuclear scientist has been killed in a car explosion in north Tehran.". BBC. 
  234. ^ http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4201508,00.html
  235. ^ Elior Levy,'IAF strikes southern Strip; terrorist killed,' Ynet 5 August 2012.
  236. ^ 'Medics: 2 killed in Israeli airstrike,' Ma'an News 20 September 2012.
  237. ^ Saleh Al-Naami,'Elections and escalation,' Al-Ahram, Issue No.1119, 18–24 October 2012.
  238. ^ Note. Source confusion. We are variously given Fayek Abu Jazar (age42) or Ashraf al-Sabah.
  239. ^ a b c Al Akhbar,'Israeli weekend strikes kill five in Gaza,' Al-Akhbar,October 15, 2012
  240. ^ Joanna Paraszczuk, 'Al-Qaida group urges jihad after Gaza leaders slain,' Jerusalem Post 25 October 2010.
  241. ^ 'Slain Gaza militants alleged to have been Al-Qaeda 'affiliates',' Reuters/Al-Ahram, 14 October 2012.
  242. ^ Jon Donnison, 'Israel seeks to contain Gaza's Salafi-jihadist threat,' BBC News, 15 October 2012.
  243. ^ 'Top Gaza Salafist among 3 killed by Israel raids on Gaza, Al-Ahram, 14 October 2012.
  244. ^ 'Palestinian militant dies in continuous Israeli airstrikes in Gaza, putting death toll to 5,' Xinhuanet 15 October 2010.
  245. ^ Kershner, Isabel; Fares Akram (14 November 2012). "Ferocious Israeli Assault on Gaza Kills a Leader of Hamas". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  246. ^ 'Israel: Airstrike On Gaza Kills Motorcyclist,' Sky News 30 April 2013.
  247. ^ Harriet Sherwood, 'Israel assassinates Palestinian 'bomb-maker' as Jewish settler knifed to death,' The Guardian 30 April 2013.
  248. ^ Isabel Kershner, Fares Akram,'Israeli Strike Kills 2 Palestinians, One a Militant, in Gaza, ' New York Times, 22 January 2014.
  249. ^ 'Israeli airstrike on motorcycle injures 2 men in central Gaza Strip,' Ma'an News 9 February 2014.
  250. ^ 'Two killed in Israeli air strike in northern Gaza Strip,' BBC News, 4 March 2014.
  251. ^ 'Israeli strike on northern Gaza kills 2 Palestinians,' Xinhuanet, 4 March 2014.
  252. ^ Gili Cohen and Jack Khoury, 'One Palestinian killed after Israel Air Force strikes Gaza,' Haaretz, 12 June 2014.
  253. ^ Roi Kais, Yoav Zitun , 'One Palestinian killed in IAF strike in northern Gaza,' Ynet 12 June 2014.
  254. ^ UN chief Ban Ki-moon Equates kidnapping to Israeli Defense The Jewish Press 15 June 2014.
  255. ^ '2 Palestinians killed after missiles hit car in Gaza's al-Shati camp,' Ma'an News Agency 27 June 2014.
  256. ^ 'Body of Deif’s daughter, 3, pulled from Gaza rubble,' The Daily Star 21 August 2014.
  257. ^ 'Hamas’ military chief believed to have been killed in airstrike, sources say,' Fox News 20 August 2014.
  258. ^ 'Gaza conflict: Israel 'targets Hamas leader Deif',' BBC News 21 August 2014.
  259. ^ 'Thousands mourn slain wife, baby of Hamas commander,' Ma'an News Agency 20 August 2014.
  260. ^ Yoav Zitun, 'Behind the scenes of targeted killing in Rafah,' Ynet 21 August 2014.
  261. ^ "Benjamin Netanyahu hails death of Hamas commanders". Israel News.Net. 21 August 2014. Retrieved 21 August 2014.