List of Jäger units

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This is a list of Jäger units in various national armies. Jäger, or Jaeger, is the German word for "hunter", and describes a kind of light infantry. [1] In English the word Jaeger is also translated as "rifleman" or "ranger".

National armies[edit]

Austria[edit]

Belgium[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Finland[edit]

Germany (Imperial)[edit]

  • Royal Prussian Guard Jäger Battalion
  • Royal Prussian Guard Schützen Battalion
  • Royal Prussian Jäger Battalion Count York von Wartenburg (East Prussian) No.1
  • Royal Prussian Jäger Battalion Prince Bismarck (Pomeranian) No.2
  • Royal Prussian Brandenburg Jäger Battalion No.3
  • Royal Prussian Magdeburg Jäger Battalion No.4
  • Royal Prussian Jäger Battalion von Neumann (1st Silesian) No.5
  • Royal Prussian 2nd Silesian Jäger Battalion No.6
  • Royal Prussian Westphalian Jäger Battalion No.7
  • Royal Prussian Rhineland (or Rhenish) Jäger Battalion No.8
  • Royal Prussian Lauenburg Jäger Battalion No.9
  • Royal Prussian Hanoverian Jäger Battalion No.10
  • Royal Prussian Electoral Hessian Jäger Battalion No.11
  • Royal Saxon Jäger Battalion No.12
  • Royal Saxon Jäger Battalion No.13
  • Grand-Ducal Mecklenburg Jäger Battalion No.14
  • Royal Bavarian 1st Jäger Battalion
  • Royal Bavarian 2nd Jäger Battalion

Germany (First World War)[edit]

1914

  • Guard Reserve Jäger Battalion
  • Guard Reserve Schützen Battalion
  • Reserve Jäger Battalions 1-14
  • Bavarian Reserve Jäger Battalions 1-2
  • Bavarian Ski Battalions 1-2

1915

  • Reserve Jäger Battalions 15-26
  • Royal Prussian 27th Jäger Battalion (Finnish Volunteers)
  • Bavarian Ski Battalions 3-4
  • Württemberg Ski Company (later renamed the Württemberg Mountain Company and expanded to a Battalion, then a Regiment)
  • Bavarian Jäger Regiment No.1 (1st and 2nd Bavarian Jäger Battalions, 2nd Bavarian Reserve Jäger Battalion)
  • Jäger Regiment No.2 (10th Jäger Battalion, 10th and 14th Reserve Jäger Battalions)
  • Bavarian Jäger Regiment No.3 (1st - 4th Bavarian Ski Battalions)
  • Alpine Corps (1st, 2nd & 3rd Jäger Regiments)

1916

  • Württemberg Mountain Battalion
  • Jäger Regiment No.4 (11th Jäger Battalion, 5th and 6th Reserve Jäger Battalions)
  • Jäger Regiment No.5 (17th, 18th and 23rd Reserve Jäger Battalions)
  • Jäger Regiment No.6 (5th, 6th and 14th Jäger Battalions)
  • Jäger Regiment No.7 (13th Jäger Battalion, 25th and 26th Reserve Jäger Battalions)
  • Jäger Regiment No.8 (4th, 16th and 24th Reserve Jäger Battalions)
  • Jäger Regiment No.9 (8th Jäger Battalion, 12th Reserve Jäger Battalion)
  • Jäger Regiment No.10 (12th Jäger Battalion, 13th Reserve Jäger Battalion)

1917

  • Royal Bavarian 29th Infantry Regiment (Jager Regiment) (1st Bavarian Reserve Jager Battalion, 7th and 9th Reserve Jäger Battalions)
  • German Jäger Division (11th, 12th & 13th Jäger Regiments)

1918

  • Württemberg Mountain Regiment
  • Jäger Regiment No.11 (Guard Reserve Jäger Battalion, Guard Reserve Schützen Battalion, 1st Jäger Battalion)
  • Jäger Regiment No.12 (2nd and 7th Jäger Battalions, 1st Reserve Jäger Battalion)
  • Jäger Regiment No.13 (8th, 20th and 21st Reserve Jäger Battalions)
  • Jäger Regiment No.14 (15th, 19th and 22nd Reserve Jäger Battalions)
  • Bavarian Reserve Jäger Regiment No.15 (1st Bavarian Reserve Jager Battalion and Caucasian Railway Protection Battalion)

Germany (Third Reich and Federal Republic)[edit]

The Netherlands[edit]

  • Garderegiment Grenadiers en Jagers, guards regiment, an amalgamation of the Garderegiment Grenadiers and the Garderegiment Jagers. Consists of one air mobile infantry battalion
  • Regiment Limburgse Jagers, line infantry (former 2nd Infantry Regiment). Consists of one armoured infantry battalion

Norway[edit]

  • Hærens Jegerkommando, the armed forces competence center for ranger, airborne and counter terrorist duty in the Norwegian Army
  • Jegerkompaniet, the Norwegian Army's northern-most unit
  • Kystjegerkommandoen, (Coastal Ranger Command) marine unit trained to operate in littoral combat theatres, filling the role of a marine corps and coastal artillery in the Norwegian Navy
  • Marinejegerkommandoen, a marine commando unit of the Norwegian Navy.
  • Artillerijeger, a ranger unit specialising in special reconnaissance and forward observing for artillery and aircraft.
  • Grensejeger, border rangers at the border between Russia and Norway

Sweden[edit]

  • Fallskärmsjägarna, the Parachute Ranger Corps
  • Fallskärmsjägarskolan (Fjs) Parachute ranger school
  • Arméns Jägarbataljon (AJB) The Army's Jäger Battalion
  • 31. Luftburna Bataljonen (K3) 31. Airborne Jäger Battalion
  • 32. Underättelsebataljonen (K3) 32. Intelligence Jäger Battalion
  • Flygbasjägarskolan (Fjbs) Air (base)force ranger school
  • Kustjägarna (AMF1), (Coastal Rangers) marine commandos trained to operate in littoral combat theatres, filling the role of a marine corps and coastal artillery

United States[edit]

-The 24th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment was also known as the "Hecker Jaeger Regiment” after Friedrich Hecker, its original commander.

-The Scout Sniper Platoon of Second Battalion, Third Marine Regiment is identified by the callsign "Jaeger".

References[edit]

  1. ^ Claus Telp (2005). The Evolution Of Operational Art, 1740-1813. Routledge. ISBN 0-7146-5722-0. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Cron, Hermann; Translated by C F Colton MA (2002). !mperial German Army 1914-1918 - Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle. Helion & Company Limited. ISBN 874622-70 Check |isbn= value (help). 
  • Kinna, H; Moss, D A (1977). Jäger & Schützen, Dress and Distinctions, 1910-1914. Bellona Publications. ISBN 0-85242-497-3. 
  • United States War Office (1989). Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army Which Particpiated in the War (1914-1918). The London Stamp Exchange Ltd. ISBN 0-948130-87-3.