List of Japanese prime ministers by longevity

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This is a list of Japanese Prime Ministers by longevity. It consists of Prime Ministers and Interim Prime Ministers of Japan who have held the office. If a Prime Minister served more than one non-consecutive term, the dates given are for the beginning of their first term, and the end of their last term.

To avoid confusion and maintain consistency, the name of the Prime Ministers are listed in the Western style (given name, family name). Where the person in question is still living, the longevity is calculated up to 31 March 2015.

Overview[edit]

The median age of a Prime Minister first taking office is 61 years and 2 months. This falls between Tomosaburō Katō and Keizō Obuchi. The youngest Prime Minister was the first, Hirobumi Itō, who took office at the age of 44 years, 67 days. The oldest Prime Minister to first take office was Kantarō Suzuki, who became Prime Minister at the age of 77 years, 79 days.

The oldest living Prime Minister is Yasuhiro Nakasone, born 27 May 1918 (age 96 years, 308 days). The youngest living former Prime Minister is Yoshihiko Noda, born 20 May 1957 (age 57 years, 315 days).

The longest-lived Prime Minister was Naruhiko Higashikuni, who died at the age of 102 years, 48 days. If the oldest living Prime Minister, Yasuhiro Nakasone (born 27 May 1918) lives to 13 July 2020, he will tie this record. The shortest-lived Prime Minister was Sanetomi Sanjō, who died at the age of 53 years and 352 days.

Longevity of Japanese Prime Ministers[edit]

#
Prime Minister
Date of birth
Start date
of (first) term
Age at beginning
of (first) term
End date
of (final) term
Total time
in office
Date of death
Lifespan
1 Ito, HirobumiHirobumi Itō 1841-10-16(1841-10-16)16 October 1841 22 December 1885 (1885-12-22) 44-06744 years, 67 days 10 May 1901 (1901-05-10) 02,7162,716 days 1909-10-2626 October 1909(1909-10-26) 24,846 days (68 years, 10 days)
2 Kuroda, KiyotakaKiyotaka Kuroda 1840-10-16(1840-10-16)16 October 1840 30 April 1888 (1888-04-30) 47-19747 years, 197 days 18 September 1896 (1896-09-18) 00,561561 days 1900-08-2323 August 1900(1900-08-23) 21,860 days (59 years, 311 days)
3 Sanjo, SanetomiSanetomi Sanjō 1837-03-13(1837-03-13)13 March 1837 25 October 1889 (1889-10-25) 52-22652 years, 226 days 24 December 1889 (1889-12-24) 00,06060 days 1891-02-2828 February 1891(1891-02-28) 19,710 days (53 years, 352 days)
4 Yamagata, AritomoAritomo Yamagata 1838-06-14(1838-06-14)14 June 1838 24 December 1889 (1889-12-24) 51-19351 years, 193 days 19 October 1900 (1900-10-19) 01,2081,208 days 1922-02-011 February 1922(1922-02-01) 30,547 days (83 years, 232 days)
5 Matsukata, MasayoshiMasayoshi Matsukata 1835-02-25(1835-02-25)25 February 1835 6 May 1891 (1891-05-06) 56-07056 years, 70 days 12 January 1898 (1898-01-12) 00,941941 days 1924-07-022 July 1924(1924-07-02) 32,634 days (89 years, 128 days)
6 Okuma, ShigenobuShigenobu Ōkuma 1838-03-11(1838-03-11)11 March 1838 30 June 1898 (1898-06-30) 60-11160 years, 111 days 9 October 1916 (1916-10-09) 01,0381,038 days 1922-01-1010 January 1922(1922-01-10) 30,620 days (83 years, 305 days)
7 Saionji, KinmochiKinmochi Saionji 1849-10-23(1849-10-23)23 October 1849 10 May 1901 (1901-05-10) 51-19951 years, 199 days 21 December 1912 (1912-12-21) 01,4211,421 days 1940-11-2424 November 1940(1940-11-24) 33,269 days (91 years, 32 days)
8 Katsura, TaroTarō Katsura 1848-01-04(1848-01-04)4 January 1848 2 June 1901 (1901-06-02) 53-14953 years, 149 days 20 February 1913 (1913-02-20) 02,8832,883 days 1913-10-1010 October 1913(1913-10-10) 24,020 days (65 years, 279 days)
9 Yamamoto, GonnohyoeGonnohyōe Yamamoto 1852-11-26(1852-11-26)26 November 1852 20 February 1913 (1913-02-20) 60-08660 years, 86 days 7 January 1924 (1924-01-07) 00,547547 days 1933-12-088 December 1933(1933-12-08) 29,596 days (81 years, 12 days)
10 Terauchi, MasatakeMasatake Terauchi 1852-02-05(1852-02-05)5 February 1852 9 October 1916 (1916-10-09) 64-24764 years, 247 days 29 September 1918 (1918-09-29) 00,720720 days 1919-11-033 November 1919(1919-11-03) 24,742 days (67 years, 271 days)
11 Hara, TakashiTakashi Hara 1856-02-09(1856-02-09)9 February 1856 29 September 1918 (1918-09-29) 62-23262 years, 232 days 4 November 1921 (1921-11-04)[1] 01,1321,132 days 1921-11-044 November 1921(1921-11-04) 24,009 days (65 years, 268 days)
12 Uchida, KosaiKosai Uchida 1865-11-17(1865-11-17)17 November 1865 4 November 1921 (1921-11-04) 55-35255 years, 352 days 2 September 1923 (1923-09-02) 00,01818 days 1936-03-1212 March 1936(1936-03-12) 25,682 days (70 years, 116 days)
13 Takahashi, KorekiyoKorekiyo Takahashi 1854-07-27(1854-07-27)27 July 1854 13 November 1921 (1921-11-13) 67-10967 years, 109 days 26 May 1932 (1932-05-26) 00,222222 days 1936-02-2626 February 1936(1936-02-26) 29,798 days (81 years, 214 days)
14 Kato, TomosaburoTomosaburō Katō 1861-02-22(1861-02-22)22 February 1861 12 June 1922 (1922-06-12) 61-11061 years, 110 days 24 August 1923 (1923-08-24)[2] 00,438438 days 1923-08-2424 August 1923(1923-08-24) 22,827 days (62 years, 183 days)
15 Kiyoura, KeigoKeigo Kiyoura 1850-02-14(1850-02-14)14 February 1850 7 January 1924 (1924-01-07) 73-32773 years, 327 days 11 June 1924 (1924-06-11) 00,156156 days 1942-11-055 November 1942(1942-11-05) 33,866 days (92 years, 264 days)
16 Kato, TakaakiTakaaki Katō 1860-01-03(1860-01-03)3 January 1860 11 June 1924 (1924-06-11) 64-16064 years, 160 days 28 January 1926 (1926-01-28)[2] 00,596596 days 1926-01-2828 January 1926(1926-01-28) 24,131 days (66 years, 25 days)
17 Wakatsuki, ReijiroReijirō Wakatsuki 1866-03-21(1866-03-21)21 March 1866 28 January 1926 (1926-01-28) 59-31359 years, 313 days 13 December 1931 (1931-12-13) 00,690690 days 1949-11-2020 November 1949(1949-11-20) 30,559 days (83 years, 244 days)
18 Tanaka, GiichiGiichi Tanaka 1864-06-22(1864-06-22)22 June 1864 20 April 1927 (1927-04-20) 62-30262 years, 302 days 2 July 1929 (1929-07-02) 00,804804 days 1929-09-2929 September 1929(1929-09-29) 23,839 days (65 years, 99 days)
19 Hamaguchi, OsachiOsachi Hamaguchi 1870-04-01(1870-04-01)1 April 1870 2 July 1929 (1929-07-02) 59-09259 years, 92 days 14 April 1931 (1931-04-14) 00,535535 days 1931-08-2626 August 1931(1931-08-26) 22,426 days (61 years, 147 days)
20 Shidehara, KijuroKijūrō Shidehara 1872-08-11(1872-08-11)11 August 1872 14 November 1930 (1930-11-14) 58-09558 years, 95 days 22 May 1946 (1946-05-22) 00,341341 days 1951-03-1010 March 1951(1951-03-10) 28,699 days (78 years, 211 days)
21 Inukai, TsuyoshiTsuyoshi Inukai 1855-04-20(1855-04-20)20 April 1855 13 December 1931 (1931-12-13) 76-23776 years, 237 days 15 May 1932 (1932-05-15)[1] 00,154154 days 1932-05-1515 May 1932(1932-05-15) 28,149 days (77 years, 25 days)
22 Saito, MakotoMakoto Saitō 1858-10-27(1858-10-27)27 October 1858 26 May 1932 (1932-05-26) 73-21273 years, 212 days 8 July 1934 (1934-07-08) 00,773773 days 1936-02-2626 February 1936(1936-02-26) 28,245 days (77 years, 122 days)
23 Okada, KeisukeKeisuke Okada 1868-01-20(1868-01-20)20 January 1868 8 July 1934 (1934-07-08) 66-16966 years, 169 days 9 March 1936 (1936-03-09) 00,607607 days 1952-10-077 October 1952(1952-10-07) 30,941 days (84 years, 261 days)
24 Goto, FumioFumio Gotō 1884-03-07(1884-03-07)7 March 1884 26 February 1936 (1936-02-26) 51-35651 years, 356 days 29 February 1936 (1936-02-29) 00,0033 days 1980-05-011 May 1980(1980-05-01) 35,118 days (96 years, 55 days)
25 Hirota, KokiKōki Hirota 1878-02-14(1878-02-14)14 February 1878 9 March 1936 (1936-03-09) 58-02458 years, 24 days 2 February 1937 (1937-02-02) 00,330330 days 1948-12-2323 December 1948(1948-12-23) 25,879 days (70 years, 313 days)
26 Hayashi, SenjuroSenjūrō Hayashi 1876-02-23(1876-02-23)23 February 1876 2 February 1937 (1937-02-02) 60-34560 years, 345 days 4 June 1937 (1937-06-04) 00,122122 days 1943-02-044 February 1943(1943-02-04) 24,452 days (66 years, 346 days)
27 Konoe FumimaroFumimaro Konoe 1891-10-12(1891-10-12)12 October 1891 4 June 1937 (1937-06-04) 45-23545 years, 235 days 18 October 1941 (1941-10-18) 01,0331,033 days 1945-12-1616 December 1945(1945-12-16) 19,788 days (54 years, 65 days)
28 Hiranuma, KiichiroKiichirō Hiranuma 1867-09-28(1867-09-28)28 September 1867 5 January 1939 (1939-01-05) 71-09971 years, 99 days 30 August 1939 (1939-08-30) 00,237237 days 1952-08-2222 August 1952(1952-08-22) 31,009 days (84 years, 329 days)
29 Abe, NobuyukiNobuyuki Abe 1875-11-24(1875-11-24)24 November 1875 30 August 1939 (1939-08-30) 63-27963 years, 279 days 16 January 1940 (1940-01-16) 00,139139 days 1953-09-077 September 1953(1953-09-07) 28,411 days (77 years, 287 days)
30 Yonai, MitsumasaMitsumasa Yonai 1880-03-02(1880-03-02)2 March 1880 16 January 1940 (1940-01-16) 59-32059 years, 320 days 22 July 1940 (1940-07-22) 00,188188 days 1948-04-2020 April 1948(1948-04-20) 24,885 days (68 years, 49 days)
31 Tojo, HidekiHideki Tōjō 1884-12-30(1884-12-30)30 December 1884 18 October 1941 (1941-10-18) 56-29256 years, 292 days 22 July 1944 (1944-07-22) 01,0081,008 days 1948-12-2323 December 1948(1948-12-23) 23,368 days (63 years, 359 days)
32 Koiso, KuniakiKuniaki Koiso 1880-03-22(1880-03-22)22 March 1880 22 July 1944 (1944-07-22) 64-12264 years, 122 days 7 April 1945 (1945-04-07) 00,259259 days 1950-11-033 November 1950(1950-11-03) 25,792 days (70 years, 226 days)
33 Suzuki, KantaroKantarō Suzuki 1868-01-18(1868-01-18)18 January 1868 7 April 1945 (1945-04-07) 77-07977 years, 79 days 17 August 1945 (1945-08-17) 00,132132 days 1948-04-1717 April 1948(1948-04-17) 29,309 days (80 years, 90 days)
34 Higashikuni, NaruhikoNaruhiko Higashikuni 1887-12-03(1887-12-03)3 December 1887 17 August 1945 (1945-08-17) 57-25757 years, 257 days 9 October 1945 (1945-10-09) 00,05353 days 1990-01-2020 January 1990(1990-01-20) 37,303 days (102 years, 48 days)
35 Yoshida, ShigeruShigeru Yoshida 1878-09-22(1878-09-22)22 September 1878 22 May 1946 (1946-05-22) 67-24267 years, 242 days 10 December 1954 (1954-12-10) 02,6142,614 days 1967-10-2020 October 1967(1967-10-20) 32,534 days (89 years, 28 days)
36 Katayama, TetsuTetsu Katayama 1887-07-28(1887-07-28)28 July 1887 24 May 1947 (1947-05-24) 59-30059 years, 300 days 10 March 1948 (1948-03-10) 00,291291 days 1978-05-3030 May 1978(1978-05-30) 33,178 days (90 years, 306 days)
37 Ashida, HitoshiHitoshi Ashida 1887-11-15(1887-11-15)15 November 1887 10 March 1948 (1948-03-10) 60-11660 years, 116 days 15 October 1948 (1948-10-15) 00,219219 days 1959-06-2020 June 1959(1959-06-20) 26,149 days (71 years, 217 days)
38 Hatoyama, IchiroIchirō Hatoyama 1883-01-01(1883-01-01)1 January 1883 10 December 1954 (1954-12-10) 71-34371 years, 343 days 23 December 1956 (1956-12-23) 00,744744 days 1959-03-077 March 1959(1959-03-07) 27,823 days (76 years, 65 days)
39 Ishibashi, TanzanTanzan Ishibashi 1884-09-25(1884-09-25)25 September 1884 23 December 1956 (1956-12-23) 72-08972 years, 89 days 31 January 1957 (1957-01-31) 00,03939 days 1973-04-2525 April 1973(1973-04-25) 32,353 days (88 years, 212 days)
40 Kishi, NobusukeNobusuke Kishi 1896-11-13(1896-11-13)13 November 1896 31 January 1957 (1957-01-31) 60-07960 years, 79 days 19 July 1960 (1960-07-19) 01,2651,265 days 1987-08-077 August 1987(1987-08-07) 33,138 days (90 years, 267 days)
41 Ikeda, HayatoHayato Ikeda 1899-12-03(1899-12-03)3 December 1899 19 July 1960 (1960-07-19) 60-22960 years, 229 days 9 November 1964 (1964-11-09) 01,5741,574 days 1965-08-1313 August 1965(1965-08-13) 23,994 days (65 years, 253 days)
42 Sato, EisakuEisaku Satō 1901-03-27(1901-03-27)27 March 1901 9 November 1964 (1964-11-09) 63-22763 years, 227 days 7 July 1972 (1972-07-07) 02,7972,797 days 1975-06-033 June 1975(1975-06-03) 27,096 days (74 years, 68 days)
43 Tanaka, KakueiKakuei Tanaka 1918-05-04(1918-05-04)4 May 1918 7 July 1972 (1972-07-07) 54-06454 years, 64 days 9 December 1974 (1974-12-09) 00,885885 days 1993-12-1616 December 1993(1993-12-16) 27,620 days (75 years, 226 days)
44 Miki, TakeoTakeo Miki 1907-03-17(1907-03-17)17 March 1907 9 December 1974 (1974-12-09) 67-26767 years, 267 days 24 December 1976 (1976-12-24) 00,746746 days 1988-11-044 November 1988(1988-11-04) 29,818 days (81 years, 232 days)
45 Fukuda, TakeoTakeo Fukuda 1905-01-14(1905-01-14)14 January 1905 24 December 1976 (1976-12-24) 71-34571 years, 345 days 7 December 1978 (1978-12-07) 00,713713 days 1995-07-055 July 1995(1995-07-05) 33,044 days (90 years, 172 days)
46 Ohira, MasayoshiMasayoshi Ōhira 1910-03-12(1910-03-12)12 March 1910 7 December 1978 (1978-12-07) 68-27068 years, 270 days 12 June 1980 (1980-06-12)[2] 00,553553 days 1980-06-1212 June 1980(1980-06-12) 25,660 days (70 years, 92 days)
47 Ito, MasayoshiMasayoshi Ito 1913-12-15(1913-12-15)15 December 1913 12 June 1980 (1980-06-12) 66-18066 years, 180 days 17 July 1980 (1980-07-17) 00,03535 days 1994-05-2020 May 1994(1994-05-20) 29,376 days (80 years, 156 days)
48 Suzuki, ZenkoZenko Suzuki 1911-01-11(1911-01-11)11 January 1911 17 July 1980 (1980-07-17) 69-18869 years, 188 days 27 November 1982 (1982-11-27) 00,863863 days 2004-07-1919 July 2004(2004-07-19) 34,158 days (93 years, 190 days)
49 Nakasone, YasuhiroYasuhiro Nakasone 1918-05-27(1918-05-27)27 May 1918 27 November 1982 (1982-11-27) 64-18464 years, 184 days 6 November 1987 (1987-11-06) 01,8051,805 days 2015-03-31 35,372 days (96 years, 308 days)
50 Takeshita, NoboruNoboru Takeshita 1924-02-26(1924-02-26)26 February 1924 6 November 1987 (1987-11-06) 63-25363 years, 253 days 3 June 1989 (1989-06-03) 00,575575 days 2000-06-1919 June 2000(2000-06-19) 27,893 days (76 years, 114 days)
51 Uno, SosukeSōsuke Uno 1922-08-27(1922-08-27)27 August 1922 3 June 1989 (1989-06-03) 66-28066 years, 280 days 10 August 1989 (1989-08-10) 00,06868 days 1998-05-1919 May 1998(1998-05-19) 27,659 days (75 years, 265 days)
52 Kaifu, ToshikiToshiki Kaifu 1931-01-02(1931-01-02)2 January 1931 10 August 1989 (1989-08-10) 58-22058 years, 220 days 5 November 1991 (1991-11-05) 00,817817 days 2015-03-31 30,769 days (84 years, 88 days)
53 Miyazawa, KiichiKiichi Miyazawa 1919-10-08(1919-10-08)8 October 1919 5 November 1991 (1991-11-05) 72-02872 years, 28 days 9 August 1993 (1993-08-09) 00,643643 days 2007-06-2828 June 2007(2007-06-28) 32,040 days (87 years, 263 days)
54 Hosokawa, MorihiroMorihiro Hosokawa 1938-01-14(1938-01-14)14 January 1938 9 August 1993 (1993-08-09) 55-20755 years, 207 days 28 April 1994 (1994-04-28) 00,262262 days 2015-03-31 28,200 days (77 years, 76 days)
55 Hata, TsutomuTsutomu Hata 1935-08-24(1935-08-24)24 August 1935 28 April 1994 (1994-04-28) 58-24758 years, 247 days 30 June 1994 (1994-06-30) 00,06363 days 2015-03-31 29,074 days (79 years, 219 days)
56 Murayama, TomiichiTomiichi Murayama 1924-03-03(1924-03-03)3 March 1924 30 June 1994 (1994-06-30) 70-11970 years, 119 days 11 January 1996 (1996-01-11) 00,560560 days 2015-03-31 33,265 days (91 years, 28 days)
57 Hashimoto, RyutaroRyutaro Hashimoto 1937-07-29(1937-07-29)29 July 1937 11 January 1996 (1996-01-11) 58-16658 years, 166 days 30 July 1998 (1998-07-30) 00,931931 days 2006-07-011 July 2006(2006-07-01) 25,174 days (68 years, 337 days)
58 Obuchi, KeizoKeizō Obuchi 1937-06-25(1937-06-25)25 June 1937 30 July 1998 (1998-07-30) 61-03561 years, 35 days 5 April 2000 (2000-04-05) 00,615615 days 2000-05-1414 May 2000(2000-05-14) 22,969 days (62 years, 324 days)
59 Mori, YoshiroYoshirō Mori 1937-07-14(1937-07-14)14 July 1937 5 April 2000 (2000-04-05) 62-26662 years, 266 days 26 April 2001 (2001-04-26) 00,386386 days 2015-03-31 28,384 days (77 years, 260 days)
60 Koizumi, JunichiroJunichiro Koizumi 1942-01-08(1942-01-08)8 January 1942 26 April 2001 (2001-04-26) 59-10859 years, 108 days 26 September 2006 (2006-09-26) 01,9791,979 days 2015-03-31 26,745 days (73 years, 82 days)
61 Abe, ShinzoShinzō Abe 1954-09-21(1954-09-21)21 September 1954 26 September 2006 (2006-09-26) 52-00552 years, 5 days Incumbent 01,0721,190 days 2015-03-31 22,106 days (60 years, 191 days)
62 Fukuda, YasuoYasuo Fukuda 1936-07-16(1936-07-16)16 July 1936 26 September 2007 (2007-09-26) 71-07271 years, 72 days 24 September 2008 (2008-09-24) 00,364364 days 2015-03-31 28,747 days (78 years, 258 days)
63 Aso, TaroTaro Aso 1940-09-20(1940-09-20)20 September 1940 24 September 2008 (2008-09-24) 68-00468 years, 4 days 16 September 2009 (2009-09-16) 00,357357 days 2015-03-31 27,220 days (74 years, 192 days)
64 Hatoyama, YukioYukio Hatoyama 1947-02-11(1947-02-11)11 February 1947 16 September 2009 (2009-09-16) 62-21762 years, 217 days 8 June 2010 (2010-06-08) 00,265265 days 2015-03-31 24,885 days (68 years, 48 days)
65 Kan, NaotoNaoto Kan 1946-10-10(1946-10-10)10 October 1946 8 June 2010 (2010-06-08) 63-23763 years, 237 days 2 September 2011 (2011-09-02) 00,448451451 days 2015-03-31 25,009 days (68 years, 172 days)
66 Noda, YoshihikoYoshihiko Noda 1957-05-20(1957-05-20)20 May 1957 2 September 2011 (2011-09-02) 54-10354 years, 105 days 26 December 2012 (2012-12-26) 00,481481 days 20,944 days (57 years, 315 days)
# Prime Minister Date of birth Start date
of (first) term
Age at beginning
of (first) term
End date
of (final) term
Total time
in office
Date of death Lifespan
  1. ^ a b Died in office (assassinated).
  2. ^ a b c Died in office (not assassinated).

References[edit]