List of Jesuit scientists

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This is a list of Jesuit scientists, who contributed somehow to history of science. Members of the Society of Jesus have a historical and occasionally controversial role in the history of science. These are Jesuits who were notable scientists and were not required to be of any significance in discussing the relationship between religion and science. Also, included are fictional characters of Jesuit scientists in literature as well as historical people. It is chronologically arranged by date of death.

Jesuit Astronomers with Chinese Scholars in the 18th Century

16th Century[edit]

17th Century[edit]

18th Century[edit]

  • Valentin Stansel (1621 – 1705), Czech astronomer in Brazil, who discovered a comet, that after accurate positions were made via F. de Gottignies in Goa, became known as Estancel-Gottignies comet.
  • Georg Joseph Kamel (1661-1706), Czech missionary and botanist, the genus Camellia is named for him.
  • Paolo Casati (1617-1707), Italian scientist, notable in meteorology and speculation on Vacuums.
  • Franz Reinzer (1661-1708), Austrian writer who wrote about comets, meteors, lightning, winds, fossils, metals, etc.
  • Eusebio Kino (1645 - 1711) Trentino missionary, mathematician, cartographer and astronomer who drew maps based on his explorations first showing that California was not an island as then believed and who published an astronomical treatise in Mexico City based on his observations of the Kirsch Comet.
  • Bartolomeu de Gusmão (1685-1724), Brazilian naturalist noted for developing the first working aerostats.
  • Giovanni Girolamo Saccheri (1667-1733), Italian mathematician who was perhaps the first European to write about Non-Euclidean geometry.
  • Tommaso Ceva (1648-1737), Italian mathematician and poet who wrote a work on geometry.
  • Michel Benoist (1715-1774), missionary to China and scientist.
  • Vincenzo Riccati (1707-1775), Italian mathematician and physicist.
  • Giuseppe Asclepi (1706-1776), Italian astronomer.
  • Christian Mayer (1719-1783), Czech astronomer known for his pioneering study of binary stars.
  • Roger Joseph Boscovich (1711–1787), a Croatian Polymath famous for his atomic theory in part. Also for devising perhaps the first geometric procedure for determining the equator of a rotating planet from three observations of a surface feature and for computing the orbit of a planet from three observations of its position.
  • Maximilian Hell (1720-1792), Hungarian director of the Vienna Observatory who wrote astronomy tables and observed the Transit of Venus.
  • Ignacije Szentmartony (1718-1793), Croatian who 'obtained the title of royal mathematician and astronomer' and used his astronomical knowledge in mapping parts of Brazil.

19th Century[edit]

20th Century[edit]

Pierre Teilhard de Chardin

21st Century[edit]

Fictional Jesuits[edit]

The 'Jesuit scientist' has been used as a character of faith in several works of science fiction,[1] some examples include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]