List of Jewish chess players

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Jewish players and game theoreticians have long been involved in the game of chess and have significantly contributed to the development of chess, which has been described as the "Jewish National game". Of the first 13 undisputed world champions, over 50% were Jewish, including the first two. The Modern school of chess espoused by Wilhelm Steinitz and Siegbert Tarrasch; the Hypermodernism influenced by Aron Nimzowitsch and Richard Réti; and the Soviet Chess School promoted by Mikhail Botvinnik were all strongly influenced by Jewish players. Other influential Jewish chess theoreticians, writers and players include Zukertort, Tartakower, Lasker, Rubinstein, Breyer, Spielmann, Reshevsky, Fine, Bronstein, Najdorf, Tal, Fischer, and Polgár.[1][2][3] Professor Arpad Elo, the inventor of the scientific rating system employed by the FIDE analysed some 476 major tournament players from the nineteenth century onward and of the fifty-one highest ranked players, approximately one-half were Jewish.[4] One of the strongest ever players was the Jewish Garry Kasparov, who was world No. 1 from 1985 until his retirement in 2005. The strongest female chess player in history by far is the Jewish Judit Polgár.[5] There is currently a strong Jewish presence among the world's best players. Currently, the world number two, Levon Aronian from Armenia, is half-Jewish. Beersheba in Israel is the city with the most chess grandmasters per capita in the world.[6] Israel has also won one silver and one bronze medal at Chess Olympiads.[7]

The topic of Jewish participation in chess is discussed extensively in academic and popular literature. One such book devoted to the topic is The Great Jewish Chess Champions by Harold U. Ribalow and Meir Z. Ribalow, Hippocrene Books, 1987, ISBN 0-87052-305-8. Others include Chess, Jews, and history, by Victor Keats, 1994, Oxford Academia Publishers, ISBN 1-899237-00-3, Chess Among the Jews: A Translation and Explanation of the Work of Moritz Steinschneider, by Victor Keats, 1995, ISBN 1-899237-02-X, Chess in Jewish history and Hebrew literature, by Victor Keats, 1995, Magnes Press, ISBN 965-223-915-1, and Can I Play Chess on Shabbas, by Joe Bobker, 2008, ISBN 965-229-422-5. See also Jewish chess masters on stamps, by Felix Berkovich and N. J. Divinsky, McFarland, 2000, ISBN 0-7864-0683-6. H.G. Wells, himself a chessplayer, discusses the eminence of the Jewish race in chess, in his History of the World. The Museum of Jewish Heritage is developing a special gallery relating to Jews in sports and chess, which will recognize "major Jewish chess players such as Garry Kasparov, Mikhail Tal, and Judith Polgar".[8]

List[edit]

The list refers to chess players who are Jews and have attained outstanding achievements in chess. Bold face denotes current competitor.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Winter, Edward. "Chess and Jews". chesshistory.com. Retrieved 2003. 
  2. ^ "Greatest Chess Players". Chessgame.com. 
  3. ^ Berkovich, Felix (2000). Jewish Chess Masters on Stamps. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. pp. Chapter 5. 
  4. ^ Elo, Arpad (1978). The Rating of Chess Players, Past and Present. New York: ARCO. 
  5. ^ "World Top Chess players". FIDE. 
  6. ^ Rabinowitz, Gavin. "Beersheba Masters Kings, Knights, Pawns". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 30, 2005. 
  7. ^ http://www.olimpbase.org/index.html?http%3A%2F%2Fwww.olimpbase.org%2Folympiads%2Fmen_results.html
  8. ^ "Sports & Chess". The National Museum of Jewish Heritage. Retrieved March 28, 2011. 
  9. ^ Isidore Singer, Cyrus Adler. The Jewish encyclopedia: a descriptive record of the history, religion, literature, and customs of the Jewish people from the earliest times 4. KTAV. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Felix Berkovich, N. J. Divinsky (2000). Jewish Chess Masters on Stamps. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-0683-6. Retrieved May 26, 2010. 
  11. ^ S. Tinsley (1892). The Dresden Tournament: A Review. The British Chess Magazine. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  12. ^ "Chairman of the board". Haaretz. 
  13. ^ David Spanier (1984). Total chess. Dutton. ISBN 0-525-24302-X. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac Peter S. Horvitz (2007). The Big Book of Jewish Sports Heroes: An Illustrated Compendium of Sports History and The 150 Greatest Jewish Sports Stars. SP Books. ISBN 1-56171-907-2. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  15. ^ Blindfold Chess: History, Psychology, Techniques, Champions, World Records, and Important Games. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  16. ^ American Jewish year book. December 3, 2007. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  17. ^ The Jewish encyclopedia: a .... July 14, 2009. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  18. ^ The bloodless pogrom. October 23, 2006. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  19. ^ a b Chess, JewishEncyclopedia.com. Retrieved on 2010-06-21.
  20. ^ The Jews. January 23, 1995. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  21. ^ Encyclopedia of Jews in sports. October 9, 2008. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  22. ^ The Jewish lists: physicists and .... Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  23. ^ The Chess player's chronicle. May 14, 2007. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  24. ^ ".". The Jewish Record. Retrieved March 28, 2011. 
  25. ^ The Oxford companion to chess. September 10, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  26. ^ a b c d e Alekhine's Anguish: A Novel of the Chess World. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  27. ^ The Jewish lists: physicists and .... Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  28. ^ The Jews of hope. February 16, 2007. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  29. ^ The Encyclopedia of Russian Jewry: Biographies, A-I. August 28, 2008. Retrieved May 26, 2010. 
  30. ^ The Encyclopedia of Russian Jewry: Biographies, A-I. August 28, 2008. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  31. ^ The British chess magazine. May 22, 2007. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  32. ^ "Russian Jewish Encyclopedia". Google.com. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  33. ^ "Jews in Sports: Chess". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  34. ^ The British chess magazine. January 21, 2010. Retrieved May 26, 2010. 
  35. ^ The Jewish lists: physicists and .... Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  36. ^ The Oxford companion to chess. September 10, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  37. ^ The Jew in American sports. June 4, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  38. ^ The economist. October 14, 2008. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  39. ^ Total chess. July 28, 2008. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  40. ^ "Andor Lilienthal, chess grandmaster, dies at 99". Associated Press. May 8, 2010. Retrieved May 26, 2010. [dead link]
  41. ^ Enciclopedia judaica castellana: El .... September 1, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  42. ^ http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/JuditPolgar.html
  43. ^ The Jewish lists: physicists and .... Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  44. ^ a b c The Jewish 100: a ranking of the .... Retrieved May 26, 2010. 
  45. ^ The encyclopedia of Jewish knowledge. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  46. ^ jewish chess "Sosonko". Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  47. ^ The Jewish lists: physicists and .... Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  48. ^ The Jewish lists: physicists and .... Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  49. ^ The Jewish lists: physicists and .... Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  50. ^ Encyclopedia of the Jewish diaspora .... Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  51. ^ Curse of Kirsan: Adventures in the Chess Underworld. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  52. ^ Shush!: growing up Jewish under .... Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  53. ^ Chess life. January 20, 2010. Retrieved May 26, 2010. 
  54. ^ Game of Kings: A Year Among the Geeks, Oddballs, and Geniuses Who Make Up America's Top High School Chess Team. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 

Books[edit]