List of Jews in sports

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This list of Jewish athletes in sports contains athletes who are Jewish and have attained outstanding achievements in sports. The criteria for inclusion in this list are:

  • 1–3 places winners at major international tournaments;
  • for team sports, winning in preliminary competitions of finals at major international tournaments, or playing for several seasons for clubs of major national leagues; or
  • holders of past and current world records.

Bold face denotes current competitor.

The topic of Jewish participation in sports is discussed extensively in academic and popular literature, because of the perceived role of sports as a historical avenue for Jewish people to overcome obstacles toward their participation in secular society (especially in Europe and the United States).[1]

Athletes[edit]

Baseball[edit]

Ryan Braun, outfielder
(Milwaukee Brewers)
Ike Davis, first baseman
(Pittsburgh Pirates)
Ian Kinsler, second baseman
(Detroit Tigers)
Ryan Lavarnway, catcher
(Boston Red Sox)
Jason Marquis, pitcher
(Philadelphia Phillies organization)
Kevin Youkilis, first and third baseman
(Tohoku Rakuten Golden Eagles)

Basketball[edit]

Bowling[edit]

Boxing[edit]

Canoeing[edit]

Cricket[edit]

Equestrian[edit]

Fencing[edit]

Field Hockey[edit]

Figure skating[edit]

Football (American)[edit]

Football (Association; Soccer)[edit]

Football (Australian Rules)[edit]

Golf[edit]

Gymnastics[edit]

Ice hockey[edit]

Judo[edit]

Kickboxing[edit]

Mixed martial arts[edit]

Motorsport[edit]

Rowing[edit]

Rugby league[edit]

Rugby union[edit]

Sailing[edit]

Shooting[edit]

Skiing[edit]

Speed skating[edit]

Swimming[edit]

  • Margarete "Grete" Adler, Austria, Olympic bronze (4x100-meter (m) freestyle relay)[253]
  • Vadim Alexeev, Kazakhstan-born Israeli, breaststroke[254]
  • Semyon Belits-Geiman, USSR, Olympic silver (400 m freestyle relay) and bronze (800 m freestyle relay); world record in men's 800-m freestyle[39]
  • Adi Bichman, Israel (400 m and 800-m freestyle, 400-m medley)[255]
  • Damián Blaum, Argentina, open water
  • Gérard Blitz, Belgium, Olympic bronze (100 m backstroke), International Swimming Hall of Fame[39]
  • Yoav Bruck, Israel (50 m freestyle and 100-m freestyle)[22]
  • Tiffany Cohen, US, 2x Olympic champion (400 m and 800-m freestyle); 2x Pan American champion (400 m and 800-m freestyle), International Swimming Hall of Fame[256]
  • Anthony Ervin, US, Olympic champion (50 m freestyle), silver (400 m freestyle relay); 2x world champion (50 m freestyle, 100-m freestyle)[35]
  • Scott Goldblatt, US, Olympic champion (4x200-m freestyle relay), silver (800 m freestyle relay); world championships silver (4x200-m freestyle), bronze (4x200-m freestyle)[256]
  • Eran Groumi, Israel (100 and 200 m backstroke, 100-m butterfly)[22]
  • Andrea Gyarmati, Hungary, Olympic silver (100 m backstroke) and bronze (100 m butterfly); world championships bronze (200 m backstroke), International Swimming Hall of Fame[39]
  • Alfréd Hajós (born "Arnold Guttmann"), Hungary, 3x Olympic champion (100 m freestyle, 800-m freestyle relay, 1,500-m freestyle), International Swimming Hall of Fame[61]
  • Michael "Miki" Halika, Israel, 200-m butterfly, 200- and 400-m individual medley[22]
  • Judith Haspel (born "Judith Deutsch"), Austrian-born Israeli, held every Austrian women's middle and long distance freestyle record in 1935, refused to represent Austria in 1936 Summer Olympics along with Ruth Langer and Lucie Goldner, protesting Hitler, stating, "I refuse to enter a contest in a land which so shamefully persecutes my people."[257]
  • Otto Herschmann, Austria, Olympic 2-silver (in fencing/team sabre and 100-m freestyle); arrested by Nazis, and died in Izbica concentration camp[7]
  • Lenny Krayzelburg, Ukrainian-born US, 4x Olympic champion (100 m backstroke, 200-m backstroke, twice 4x100-m medley relay); 3x world champion (100 m and 200-m backstroke, 4×100-m medley) and 2x silver (4×100-m medley, 50-m backstroke); 3 world records (50-, 100-, and 200-m backstroke)[256]
  • Herbert Klein, Germany, Olympic bronze (200 m breaststroke); 3 world records[39]
  • Dan Kutler, US-born Israeli (100 m butterfly, 4×100-m medley relay)[258]
  • Keren Leibovitch, Israeli Paralympic swimmer, 3x world champion, 3 world records (100 m and 200-m backstroke; 100-m freestyle), and 8x Paralympic medal winner[259]
  • Jason Lezak, US, 4x Olympic champion (twice 4x100 medley relay, 4x400 medley relay, 4x100 freestyle relay), silver (400 m freestyle relay), 2x bronze (100 m freestyle, 4x100 freestyle relay); 8x world champion (4x 4x100-m medley, 3x 4x100-m freestyle, 100-m freestyle), silver (4x100-m medley), bronze (4x100-m freestyle)[256]
  • Klara Milch, Austria, Olympic bronze (4x100-m freestyle relay)[39]
  • József Munk, Hungary, Olympic silver (4x200-m freestyle relay)[39]
  • Alfred "Artem" Nakache, France; world record (200 m breaststroke), one-third of French 2x world record (3x100 relay team); imprisoned by Nazis in Auschwitz, where his wife and daughter were killed[7]
  • Paul Neumann, Austria, Olympic champion (500 m freestyle)[7]
  • Sarah Poewe, South African-born German, Olympic bronze (4x100 medley relay)[39]
  • Marilyn Ramenofsky, US, Olympic silver (400 m freestyle); 3x world record for 400-m freestyle[7]
  • Keena Rothhammer, US, Olympic champion (800 m freestyle) and bronze (200 m freestyle); world champion (200 m freestyle) and silver (400 m freestyle), International Swimming Hall of Fame[26]
  • Albert Schwartz, US, Olympic bronze (100 m freestyle)[39]
  • Otto Scheff (born "Otto Sochaczewsky"), Austria, Olympic champion (400 m freestyle) and 2x bronze (400 m freestyle, 1,500-m freestyle)[39]
  • Mark Spitz, US, Olympic champion (9 golds (400 m freestyle relay twice, 800-m freestyle relay twice, 100-m freestyle, 200-m freestyle, 100-m butterfly, 200-m butterfly, 400-m medley relay), 1 silver (100 m butterfly), 1 bronze (100 m freestyle)), has the second-most gold medals won in a single Olympic Games (7); 5x Pam Am champion; 10x Maccabiah champion; world records (100- and 200-m freestyle, 100- and 200-m butterfly), International Swimming Hall of Fame[260]
  • Josephine Sticker, Austria, Olympic bronze (4x100-m freestyle relay)[39]
  • Tal Stricker, Israel (100- and 200-m breaststroke, 4×100-m medley relay)[261]
  • László Szabados, Hungary, Olympic bronze (4x200-m freestyle relay)[39]
  • András Székely, Hungary, Olympic silver (200 m breaststroke) and bronze (4x200-m freestyle relay); died in a Nazi concentration camp[39]
  • Éva Székely, Hungary, Olympic champion & silver (200 m breaststroke); International Swimming Hall of Fame; mother of Andrea Gyarmati[7]
  • Lejzor Ilja Szrajbman, Poland, Olympic 4×200-m freestyle relay; killed by the Nazis in Majdanek concentration camp[26][262]
  • Judit Temes, Hungary, Olympic champion (4×100-m freestyle), bronze (100 m freestyle)[32]
  • Dara Torres, US, Olympic 4x champion (400 m freestyle relay, 4x100-m freestyle relay twice, 4x100-m medley relay), 4x silver (50 m freestyle, 2x 4x100-m freestyle, 4x100-m medley relay), 4x bronze (50 m freestyle, 100-m freestyle, 100-m butterfly, 4x100-m freestyle relay, 4x100-m medley relay); world championship silver (4x100-m freestyle); Pan American champion (4x100-m freestyle)[256]
  • Eithan Urbach, Israel, backstroke, European championship silver & bronze (100 m backstroke)[263]
  • Otto Wahle, Austria/US, 2x Olympic silver (1,000 m freestyle, 200-m obstacle race) and bronze (400 m freestyle); International Swimming Hall of Fame[39]
  • Garrett Weber-Gale, US, 2x Olympic champion (4x100 freestyle relay, 4x100 medley relay); world champion (3x 4x100-m freestyle, 4×100-m medley), silver (4×200-m freestyle)[256]
  • Wendy Weinberg, US, Olympic bronze (800 m freestyle); Pan American champion (800 m freestyle)[39]
  • Ben Wildman-Tobriner, US, Olympic champion (4x100-m freestyle relay); world champion (2x 4x100-m freestyle, 50-m freestyle)[39][256]
  • Imre Zachár, Hungary, Olympic silver (4x200-m freestyle relay)[39]

Table tennis[edit]

Tennis[edit]

Track and field[edit]

Triathlon[edit]

Volleyball[edit]

Water polo[edit]

Weightlifting[edit]

Wrestling[edit]

Professional wrestling[edit]

Commissioners, managers/coaches and owners[edit]

Officials and referees[edit]

Jewish Olympic medalists[edit]

Jewish sports halls of fame[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ See, e.g.: Encyclopedia of Jewish people in Sports by Bernard Postal, Jesse Silver, Roy Silver (1965); Great Jews in Sports by Robert Slater (2003), ISBN 0-8246-0453-9; Emancipation Through Muscles: Jews and Sports in Europe by Michael Brenner, Gideon Reuveni (2006), ISBN 0-8032-1355-7; Jewish, Sports, and the Rites of Citizenship ed. Jack Kugelmass (2007), ISBN 0-252-07324-X; Ellis Island to Ebbets Field: Sport and the American Jewish Experience by Peter Levine (1993) ISBN 0-19-508555-8; Judaism's Encounter with American Sports by Jeffrey S. Gurock (2005) ISBN 0-253-34700-9. Anti-Semites such as Henry Ford, for their part, have tried energetically to conceal the fact of Jewish participation in sports—Ford, for example, asserted that "Jews are not sportsmen." Sandy Koufax: A Lefty's Legacy, Jane Leavy (2010) ISBN 0-06-177900-8, p. 178.
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Bibliography[edit]

General works[edit]

Baseball[edit]

Boxing[edit]

Chess[edit]

Olympics[edit]