List of Joint Premiers of the Province of Canada

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This is a list of the Joint Premiers of the Province of Canada, who were the heads of government of the Province of Canada from the 1841 unification of Upper Canada and Lower Canada until Confederation in 1867.

Each administration was led by two men, one from Canada West (now Ontario) and one from Canada East (now Quebec). Officially, one of them at any given time had the title of Premier, while the other had the title of Deputy.

Colour key[edit]

List[edit]

Canada West Premier Canada East Premier Term of office
1
(1 of 2)
William Henry Draper (1801-1877).jpg
Deputy premier
William Draper
(1801-1877)
1
Samuel Harrison small.jpg
Premier
Samuel Harrison[1]
(1802-1867)
5 February
1841
12 January
1842
Premier 2
Charles Richard Ogden.jpg
Deputy premier
Charles Richard Ogden
(1791-1866)
12 January
1842
14 September
1842
2
RobertBaldwin23.jpg
Deputy premier
Robert Baldwin2
(1804-1858)
3
(1 of 2)
Louis-Hyppolite Lafontaine.jpg
Premier
Sir Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine2
(1807-1864)
26 September
1842
27 November
1843
3
DominickDaly.jpg
Acting premier[2]
Sir Dominick Daly
(1789-1868)
4
DominickDaly.jpg
Acting premier[2]
Sir Dominick Daly
(1789-1868)
27 November
1843
12 December
1843
1
(2 of 2)
William Henry Draper (1801-1877).jpg
Premier
William Draper
(1801-1877)
5
DBviger.jpg
Deputy premier
Denis-Benjamin Viger
(1774-1861)
12 December
1843
17 June
1846
6
Denis-Benjamin Papineau.jpg
Deputy premier
Denis-Benjamin Papineau
(1789-1854)
17 June
1846
28 May
1847
5
Henry Sherwood.png
Premier
Henry Sherwood
(1807-1855)
28 May
1847
11 March
1848
Responsible government[3]
6
RobertBaldwin23.jpg
Deputy premier
Robert Baldwin
(1804-1858)
3
(2 of 2)
Louis-Hyppolite Lafontaine.jpg
Premier
Sir Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine
(1807-1864)
11 March
1848
28 October
1851
7
Francis Hincks.jpg
Premier
Sir Francis Hincks
(1807-1885)
7
ANMorin.jpg
Deputy premier
Augustin-Norbert Morin
(1803-1865)
28 October
1851
11 September
1854
8
ANMacNab.jpg
Premier
Sir Allan Napier MacNab
(1798-1862)
11 September
1854
27 January
1855
8
(1 of 2)
Étienne-Paschal Taché.jpg
Deputy premier
Sir Étienne-Paschal Taché
(1795-1865)
27 January
1855
24 May
1856
9
(1 of 3)
Brady-Handy John A Macdonald - cropped.jpg
Deputy premier
Sir John A. Macdonald
(1815-1891)
Premier 24 May
1856
26 November
1857
Premier 9
(1 of 2)
George etiene cartier.jpg
Deputy premier
Sir George-Étienne Cartier
(1814-1873)
26 November
1857
2 August
1858
10
George Brown.jpg
Premier
George Brown
(1818-1880)

Clear Grit Party

10
(1 of 2)
AntoineAimeDorion23.jpg
Deputy premier
Antoine-Aimé Dorion
(1818-1891)

Rouge Party

2 August
1858
6 August
1858
9
(2 of 3)
Brady-Handy John A Macdonald - cropped.jpg
Deputy premier
Sir John A. Macdonald
(1815-1891)
9
(2 of 2)
George etiene cartier.jpg
Premier
Sir George-Étienne Cartier
(1814-1873)
6 August
1858
24 May
1862
11
John Sandfield Macdonald.jpg
Premier
John Sandfield MacDonald
(1812-1872)

Liberal Party

11
Louis-Victor Sicotte.jpg
Deputy premier
Louis-Victor Sicotte
(1812-1889)

Liberal Party

24 May
1862
15 May
1863
10
(2 of 2)
AntoineAimeDorion23.jpg
Deputy premier
Antoine-Aimé Dorion
(1818-1891)

Liberal Party

15 May
1863
30 May
1864
9
(3 of 3)
Brady-Handy John A Macdonald - cropped.jpg
Deputy premier
Sir John A. Macdonald
(1815-1891)

Liberal-Conservative Party

8
(2 of 2)
Étienne-Paschal Taché.jpg
Premier
Sir Étienne-Paschal Taché
(1795-1865)

Liberal-Conservative Party

30 May
1864
30 July
1865
12
Narcisse-Fortunat Belleau.jpg
Premier
Sir Narcisse-Fortunat Belleau
(1808-1894)

Liberal-Conservative Party

30 July
1865
30 June
1867

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This was a coalition of the moderate wings of the conservative and reform factions, rather than a regionally-based one.
  2. ^ a b All members of the governing Lafontaine-Baldwin coalition, except Daly, resigned in a protest over unapproved patronage appointments by the British-appointed governor: "the Metcalfe crisis". Daly would continue on as a member of the successor cabinet, headed by Draper.
  3. ^ In 1848, with the introduction of responsible government, Lafontaine and Baldwin became the first democratically elected leaders of the Province of Canada.