List of Justices of the Supreme Court of Canada

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Beverley McLachlin is the current Chief Justice of Canada and the first woman to hold this position.

Formed in 1875 by Governor General of Canada The Earl of Dufferin, on the advice of his Canadian Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie, the Supreme Court of Canada is the highest court of Canada and, since 1949, has been the final court of appeal in the Canadian justice system. The court is composed of nine judges: eight Puisne Justices and the Chief Justice of Canada. Three of the nine positions must be held by judges who are members of the Bar of Quebec. Traditionally, three of the judges are appointed from Ontario, two from the four western provinces, and one from the Atlantic provinces. Justices of the Supreme Court of Canada are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Cabinet. To be eligible for a justice position, one must have been a judge of a superior court, or a member of the bar for ten or more years. A Supreme Court justice, as with all federal judges, may sit on the bench only until the age of 75 years. Beverley McLachlin is the current Chief Justice and is the first woman to hold this position.[1]

In this list, justices are placed in the order in which they took the judicial oath of office and thereby started their term of office. While many of the justices' positions prior to appointment are simply listed as "lawyer", many had part-time positions, such as teaching, or acted as counsel to various levels of government.

Justices[edit]

     † Denotes current justices


No. Name Province Term of
active service
Term of
service
as Chief
Length of
active service
Length
in days
as Chief
Appointed on
advice of
Law school Position prior to appointment
1 Sir William Buell Richards
(1815–1889)
Ontario September 30, 1875 – January 10, 1879 September 30, 1875 – January 10, 1879 1,199 1,199 Mackenzie
Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas for Canada West
2 William Johnstone Ritchie
(1813–1892)
New Brunswick September 30, 1875 – September 25, 1892 January 11, 1879 – September 25, 1892 6,206 5,007 Mackenzie;
Macdonald (as Chief)
Chief Justice of New Brunswick
3 Samuel Henry Strong
(1825–1909)
Ontario September 30, 1875 – November 18, 1902 December 13, 1892 – November 18, 1902 9,911 3,627 Mackenzie;
Thompson (as Chief)
Ontario Court of Error & Appeal
4 Jean-Thomas Taschereau
(1814–1893)
Quebec September 30, 1875 – October 6, 1878
Paris, France
1,103 Mackenzie
Court of Queen's Bench of Quebec
5 Télesphore Fournier
(1823–1896)
Quebec September 30, 1875 – September 12, 1895
7,288 Mackenzie
Postmaster General
6 William Alexander Henry
(1816–1888)
Nova Scotia September 30, 1875 – May 3, 1888
4,600 Mackenzie
Lawyer
7 Sir Henri-Elzéar Taschereau
(1836–1911)
Quebec October 7, 1878 – May 2, 1906 November 21, 1902 – May 2, 1906 10,069 1,259 Mackenzie;
Laurier (as Chief)
Quebec Superior Court
8 John Wellington Gwynne
(1814–1902)
Ontario January 14, 1879 – January 7, 1902
The Law Society of Upper Canada
8,394 Macdonald
Ontario Court of Error & Appeal
9 Christopher Salmon Patterson
(1823–1893)
Ontario October 27, 1888 – July 24, 1893
1,732 Macdonald
Ontario Court of Error & Appeal
10 Robert Sedgewick
(1848–1906)
Nova Scotia February 18, 1893 – August 4, 1906
4,915 Thompson
Deputy Minister of Justice
11 George Edwin King
(1839–1901)
New Brunswick September 21, 1893 – May 8, 1901
2,786 Thompson
Supreme Court of New Brunswick
12 Désiré Girouard
(1836–1911)
Quebec September 28, 1895 – March 22, 1911
Université de Montréal Faculty of Law
5,654 Bowell
Member of Parliament for Jacques Cartier
13 Sir Louis Henry Davies
(1845–1924)
Prince Edward Island September 25, 1901 – May 1, 1924 November 23, 1918 – May 1, 1924 8,255 1,987 Laurier;
Borden (as Chief)
Inner Temple
Member of Parliament for West Queen's
14 David Mills
(1831–1903)
Ontario February 8, 1902 – May 8, 1903
University of Michigan
455 Laurier
Minister of Justice
Leader of the Government in the Senate
15 John Douglas Armour
(1830–1903)
Ontario November 21, 1902 – July 11, 1903
University of Toronto
233 Laurier
Chief Justice of Ontario
16 Wallace Nesbitt
(1858–1930)
Ontario May 16, 1903 – October 4, 1905
873 Laurier
Lawyer
17 Albert Clements Killam
(1849–1908)
Manitoba August 8, 1903 – February 6, 1905
University of Toronto
549 Laurier
Chief Justice of Manitoba
18 John Idington
(1840–1928)
Ontario February 10, 1905 – March 31, 1927
University of Toronto
8,085 Laurier
High Court of Justice of Ontario
19 James Maclennan
(1833–1915)
Ontario October 5, 1905 – February 13, 1909
1,228 Laurier
Court of Appeal for Ontario
20 Sir Charles Fitzpatrick
(1853–1942)
Quebec June 4, 1906 – November 21, 1918 June 4, 1906 – November 21, 1918 4,554 4,554 Laurier
Laval University (Faculté de droit (Université Laval))
Minister of Justice
21 Lyman Poore Duff
(1865–1955)
British Columbia September 27, 1906 – January 2, 1944 March 17, 1933 – January 2, 1944 13,617 3,949 Laurier;
Bennett (as Chief)
University of Toronto
Supreme Court of British Columbia
22 Francis Alexander Anglin
(1865–1933)
Ontario February 23, 1909 – February 28, 1933 September 16, 1924 – February 28, 1933 8,772 3,088 Laurier;
King (as Chief)
The Law Society of Upper Canada
High Court of Justice of Ontario (Exchequer Division)
23 Louis-Philippe Brodeur
(1862–1924)
Quebec August 11, 1911 – October 10, 1923
4,444 Laurier
Minister of the Naval Service
24 Pierre-Basile Mignault
(1854–1945)
Quebec October 25, 1918 – September 30, 1929
McGill University
3,994 Borden
Member of the International Joint Commission
25 Arthur Cyrille Albert Malouin
(1857–1936)
Quebec January 30, 1924 – October 1, 1924
Laval University
246 King
Quebec Superior Court
26 Edmund Leslie Newcombe
(1859–1931)
Nova Scotia September 16, 1924 – December 9, 1931
Dalhousie Law School
2,641 King
Deputy Minister of Justice
27 Thibaudeau Rinfret
(1879–1962)
Quebec October 1, 1924 – June 22, 1954 January 8, 1944 – June 22, 1954 10,857 3,819 King
Laval University (Faculté de droit (Université Laval)) and McGill University
Quebec Superior Court
28 John Henderson Lamont
(1865–1936)
Saskatchewan April 2, 1927 – March 10, 1936
University of Toronto
3,266 King
Court of Appeal for Saskatchewan
29 Robert Smith
(1858–1942)
Ontario May 18, 1927 – December 7, 1933
Osgoode Law School
2,396 King
High Court of Justice of Ontario (Appellate Division)
30 Lawrence Arthur Dumoulin Cannon
(1877–1939)
Quebec January 14, 1930 – December 25, 1939
Laval University
3,633 King
Court of King's Bench for Quebec
31 Oswald Smith Crocket
(1868–1945)
New Brunswick September 21, 1932 – April 13, 1943
3,857 Bennett
Supreme Court of New Brunswick
32 Frank Joseph Hughes
(1883–1967)
Ontario March 17, 1933 – February 13, 1935
Osgoode Hall Law School
699 Bennett
Lawyer
33 Henry Hague Davis
(1885–1944)
Ontario January 31, 1935 – June 30, 1944
University of Toronto
3,439 Bennett University of Toronto Court of Appeal for Ontario
34 Patrick Kerwin
(1889–1963)
Ontario July 20, 1935 – February 2, 1963 July 1, 1954 – February 2, 1963 10,060 3,139 Bennett;
St. Laurent (as Chief)
Osgoode Hall Law School
High Court of Justice of Ontario
35 Albert Blellock Hudson
(1875–1947)
Manitoba March 24, 1936 – January 6, 1947
University of Manitoba Robson Hall (Faculty of Law – University of Manitoba)
3,941 King
Lawyer
36 Robert Taschereau
(1896–1970)
Quebec February 9, 1940 – September 1, 1967 April 22, 1963 – September 1, 1967 10,067 1,549 King;
Diefenbaker (as Chief)
Laval University (Faculté de droit (Université Laval))
Lawyer
37 Ivan Cleveland Rand
(1884–1969)
New Brunswick April 22, 1943 – April 27, 1959
Harvard Law School
5,850 King
Lawyer
38 Roy Lindsay Kellock
(1893–1975)
Ontario October 3, 1944 – January 15, 1958
4,853 King
Court of Appeal for Ontario
39 James Wilfred Estey
(1889–1956)
Saskatchewan October 6, 1944 – January 22, 1956
4,126 King
Attorney General of Saskatchewan
40 Charles Holland Locke
(1887–1980)
British Columbia June 3, 1947 – September 16, 1962
5,585 King
Lawyer
41 John Robert Cartwright
(1895–1979)
Ontario December 22, 1949 – March 23, 1970 September 1, 1967 – March 23, 1970 7,397 935 St. Laurent;
Pearson (as Chief)
Osgoode Hall Law School
Lawyer
42 Joseph Honoré Gérald Fauteux
(1900–1980)
Quebec December 22, 1949 – December 23, 1973 March 23, 1970 – December 23, 1973 8,768 1,372 St. Laurent;
Trudeau (as Chief)
University of Montreal Département des sciences juridiques
Quebec Superior Court
43 Douglas Charles Abbott
(1899–1987)
Quebec July 1, 1954 – December 23, 1973
7,116 St. Laurent
Minister of Finance
44 Henry Grattan Nolan
(1893–1957)
Alberta March 1, 1956 – July 8, 1957
University of Oxford
495 St. Laurent
Lawyer
45 Ronald Martland
(1909–1997)
Alberta January 15, 1958 – February 10, 1982
University of Oxford
8,793 Diefenbaker
Lawyer
46 Wilfred Judson
(1902–1980)
Ontario February 5, 1958 – July 20, 1977
Osgoode Hall Law School
7,106 Diefenbaker
High Court of Justice of Ontario
47 Roland Almon Ritchie
(1910–1988)
Nova Scotia May 5, 1959 – October 31, 1984
9,312 Diefenbaker
Lawyer
48 Emmett Matthew Hall
(1898–1995)
Saskatchewan November 23, 1962 – March 1, 1973
3,752 Diefenbaker University of Saskatchewan College of Law Chief Justice of Saskatchewan
49 Wishart Flett Spence
(1904–1998)
Ontario May 30, 1963 – December 29, 1978
Osgoode Hall Law School
5,693 Pearson
High Court of Justice of Ontario
50 Louis-Philippe Pigeon
(1905–1986)
Quebec September 21, 1967 – February 8, 1980
4,524 Pearson
Laval University
Lawyer
51 Bora Laskin
(1912–1984)
Ontario March 19, 1970 – March 26, 1984 December 27, 1973 – March 26, 1984 5,122 3,743 Trudeau Osgoode Hall Law School and Harvard Law School Court of Appeal for Ontario
52 Robert George Brian Dickson
(1916–1998)
Manitoba March 26, 1973 – June 30, 1990 April 18, 1984 – June 30, 1990 6,306 2,265 Trudeau University of Manitoba Robson Hall (Faculty of Law – University of Manitoba) Manitoba Court of Appeal
53 Jean Beetz
(1927–1991)
Quebec January 1, 1974 – November 10, 1988
5,428 Trudeau Université de Montréal Quebec Court of Appeal
54 Louis-Philippe de Grandpré
(1917–2008)
Quebec January 1, 1974 – October 1, 1977
1,370 Trudeau McGill University President of the Canadian Bar Association
55 Willard Zebedee Estey
(1919–2002)
Ontario September 29, 1977 – April 22, 1988
Harvard University
3,859 Trudeau University of Saskatchewan College of Law Chief Justice of Ontario
56 Yves Pratte
(1925–1988)
Quebec October 1, 1977 – June 30, 1979
638 Trudeau Université Laval (Faculté de droit (Université Laval)) and University of Toronto Chairman of Air Canada
57 William Rogers McIntyre
(1918–2009)
British Columbia January 1, 1979 – February 15, 1989
3,699 Trudeau University of Saskatchewan British Columbia Court of Appeal
58 Julien Chouinard
(1929–1987)
Quebec September 24, 1979 – February 6, 1987
2,693 Clark Université Laval Quebec Court of Appeal
59 Antonio Lamer
(1933–2007)
Quebec March 28, 1980 – January 6, 2000 July 1, 1990 – January 6, 2000 7,224 3,477 Trudeau;
Mulroney (as Chief)
Université de Montréal Quebec Court of Appeal
60 Bertha Wilson
(1923–2007)
Ontario March 4, 1982 – January 4, 1991
3,229 Trudeau Dalhousie Law School Court of Appeal for Ontario
61 Gerald Eric Le Dain
(1924–2007)
Ontario May 29, 1984 – November 30, 1988
1,647 Trudeau McGill University Federal Court of Appeal
62 Gérard La Forest
(b. 1926)
New Brunswick January 16, 1985 – September 30, 1997
4,641 Mulroney University of New Brunswick Faculty of Law and Yale Law School New Brunswick Court of Appeal
63 Claire L'Heureux-Dubé
(b. 1927)
Quebec April 15, 1987 – July 1, 2002
5,557 Mulroney Université Laval (Faculté de droit (Université Laval)) Quebec Court of Appeal
64 John Sopinka
(1933–1997)
Saskatchewan May 24, 1988 – November 24, 1997
3,472 Mulroney University of Toronto Lawyer
65 Charles Gonthier
(1928–2009)
Quebec February 1, 1989 – August 1, 2003
5,295 Mulroney McGill University Quebec Court of Appeal
66 Peter Cory
(b. 1925)
Ontario February 1, 1989 – June 1, 1999
3,773 Mulroney Osgoode Hall Law School Court of Appeal for Ontario
67 Beverley McLachlin
(b. 1943)
British Columbia March 30, 1989 – present January 7, 2000 – present 9,235[2] 5,300[3] Mulroney;
Chrétien (as Chief)
University of Alberta Faculty of Law Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of British Columbia
68 William Stevenson
(b. 1934)
Alberta September 17, 1990 – June 5, 1992
628 Mulroney University of Alberta Faculty of Law Court of Appeal of Alberta
Court of Appeal for the Northwest Territories
69 Frank Iacobucci
(b. 1937)
Ontario January 7, 1991 – June 30, 2004
4,924 Mulroney University of British Columbia and Faculty of Law, University of Cambridge Chief Justice of the Federal Court
70 John C. Major
(b. 1931)
Alberta November 13, 1992 – December 25, 2005
4,791 Mulroney University of Toronto Court of Appeal of Alberta
71 Michel Bastarache
(b. 1947)
New Brunswick September 30, 1997 – June 30, 2008
3,926 Chrétien University of Ottawa Faculty of Law New Brunswick Court of Appeal
72 William Ian Corneil Binnie
(b. 1939)
Ontario January 8, 1998 – October 21, 2011
5,034 Chrétien Faculty of Law, University of Cambridge University of Toronto Lawyer
73 Louise Arbour
(b. 1947)
Ontario September 15, 1999 – June 30, 2004
1,751 Chrétien University of Ottawa Chief Prosecutor for the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda
74 Louis LeBel
(b. 1939)
Quebec January 7, 2000 – present
5,300[4] Chrétien Université Laval
University of Toronto
Quebec Court of Appeal
75 Marie Deschamps
(b. 1952)
Quebec August 7, 2002 – August 7, 2012
3,653 Chrétien Université de Montréal Quebec Court of Appeal
76 Morris J. Fish
(b. 1938)
Quebec August 5, 2003 – August 31, 2013
3,680 Chrétien McGill University Quebec Court of Appeal
77 Rosalie Abella
(b. 1946)
Ontario October 4, 2004 – present
3,568[5] Martin University of Toronto Court of Appeal for Ontario
78 Louise Charron
(b. 1951)
Ontario October 4, 2004 – August 30, 2011
2,521 Martin University of Ottawa Faculty of Law Court of Appeal for Ontario
79 Marshall Rothstein
(b. 1940)
Manitoba March 1, 2006 – present
3,055[6] Harper University of Manitoba Robson Hall (Faculty of Law – University of Manitoba) Federal Court of Appeal
80 Thomas Cromwell
(b. 1952)
Nova Scotia December 22, 2008 – present
2,028[7] Harper Queen's University
University of Oxford
Nova Scotia Court of Appeal
81 Michael J. Moldaver
(b. 1948)
Ontario October 21, 2011 – present
995[8] Harper University of Toronto Court of Appeal for Ontario
82 Andromache Karakatsanis
(b. 1955)
Ontario October 21, 2011 – present
995[9] Harper Osgoode Hall Law School Court of Appeal for Ontario
83 Richard Wagner
(b. 1957)
Quebec October 5, 2012 – present
645[10] Harper University of Ottawa Quebec Court of Appeal
83 Clément Gascon
(b. 1960)
Quebec June 9, 2014 – present
[11] Harper McGill University Quebec Court of Appeal

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peter McCormick (2000). Supreme at Last: The Evolution of the Supreme Court of Canada. James Lorimer & Company. p. 154. ISBN 1550286927. 
  2. ^ Current to most recent page update.
  3. ^ Current to most recent page update.
  4. ^ Current to most recent page update.
  5. ^ Current to most recent page update.
  6. ^ Current to most recent page update.
  7. ^ Current to most recent page update.
  8. ^ Current to most recent page update.
  9. ^ Current to most recent page update.
  10. ^ Current to most recent page update.
  11. ^ Current to most recent page update.

Bibliography[edit]

  • James G. Snell; Frederick Vaughan (1985). The Supreme Court of Canada: History of the Institution. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0802034179. 
  • Peter McCormick (2000). Supreme at Last: The Evolution of the Supreme Court of Canada. James Lorimer & Company. ISBN 1550286927. 
  • Donald R. Songer (2008). The Transformation of the Supreme Court of Canada: An Empirical Examination. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0802096891. 

Further reading[edit]