List of Kentucky women in the civil rights era
This is a historical list of women from Kentucky who were involved in civil rights activism from 1920 until the 1970s. This was a time period in the twentieth century when the civil rights movement impacted Kentucky's history of women and was enriched by Kentucky women. The civil rights era was one of the most significant sources of social change in the United States during the twentieth century.
The University of Kentucky administers an Open Knowledge Initiative on this particular time period in the history of Kentucky women that is hosted by the MATRIX at Michigan State University. In U.S. women’s history, the roots of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States derived from the early twentieth century.
This list does not include any of the U.S. abolitionists (1790s-1860s) or those involved only in the woman's suffrage movement in the U.S. (1790s-1920) who dropped out of their activism once the 19th Amendment was ratified. Instead, this list showcases Kentucky women and their roles in civil rights efforts after the 19th Amendment (1920) - including actions to enhance civil liberties in the U.S. - and up through the first stirrings of the Women's Liberation Movement coming up out of the African-American Civil Rights Movement (1960s and 70s). For this reason, this list of biographical entries of Kentucky women is limited to those women whose civil rights activism is somewhere in the time period that starts with the 1920s and ends with the 1970s.
- Alcorn, Sophia Kindrick (rights of people with disabilities)
- Banks, Anna Simms (women's rights, African Americans' rights)
- Berry, Joyce Hamilton (women's rights, African-Americans' rights)
- Bingham, Sallie (women's rights)
- Boone, Joy Bale (women's rights)
- Braden, Anne (women's rights, African Americans' rights, workers' rights)
- Breckinridge, Madeline McDowell (women's rights)
- Breckinridge, Sophonisba (women's rights, juvenile rights)
- Britton, Mary Elizabeth (women's rights, African Americans' rights)
- Kidd, Mae Street (women's rights, African Americans' rights)
- Langley, Katherine Gudger (women's rights)
- Mahan, Sara W. (women's rights)
- Parrish, Mary Virginia Cook (women's rights, African Americans' rights)
- Patton, Judi Conway (women's rights)
- Phillips, Lena Madesin (women's rights)
- Pettit, Katherine (women's rights)
- Post, Suzanne "Suzy" (African Americans' rights)
- Powers, Georgia Montgomery Davis (women's rights, African Americans' rights)
- Priebe, Jeanette Brooks (women's rights)
- Helen Cary Caise Wade (African-American rights)
- There continues to be controversy on the periodization of the U.S. Civil Rights Movement, especially when considering a particular ethnic group or women in that group. See for example, Hall, Jacquelyn Dowd (March 2005). "The Long Civil Rights Movement and the Political Uses of the Past". Journal of American History 91: 1233–1263. See also Cha-Jua, Sundiata Keita; Long, Clarence (Spring 2007). "The ‘Long Movement’ as Vampire: Temporal and Spatial Fallacies in Recent Black Freedom Studies". Journal of African American History 92: 265–288.
- Hollingsworth, Randolph (2010). "Overview of Kentucky Women’s History in the Civil Rights Era, 1920s-1970s". Kentucky Women in the Civil Rights Era. MATRIX at Michigan State University. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
- DuBois, Ellen Carol (2000), United States after 1865, Women's and Gender History in Global Perspective, Washington D.C.: American Historical Association and the Committee on Women Historians, ISBN 0-87229-122-7
- Brock, Loretta Gilliam (1996). A History of the Woman's Club of Central Kentucky, 1894-1994. Lexington, Kentucky: Woman's Club of Central Kentucky.
- Crowe-Carraco, Carol (1989). Women Who Made a Difference. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0813109019.
- Fuller, Paul E. (1975). Laura Clay and the Woman's Rights Movement. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0813112990.
- Harrison, Lowell Hayes; Klotter, James (1997). A New History of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 081312008X.
- Irvin, Helen Deiss (1979). Women in Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0813102391.
- Potter, Eugenia K. (1997). Kentucky Women: Two Centuries of Indomitable Spirit and Vision. Kentucky: Big Tree Press. ISBN 0965985806.
- Theriot, Janice (1994). Tradition of Service: A History of the Kentucky Federation of Women's Clubs. Louisville, Kentucky: Kentucky Federation of Women's Clubs.
- Wright, George C. (1992). A History of Blacks in Kentucky: In Pursuit of Equality, 1890-1980. Frankfort, Kentucky: Kentucky Historical Society. ISBN 0916968219.