List of children of Priam

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Priam, the mythical king of Troy during the Trojan War, supposedly had 68 sons and (on some accounts) 18 daughters. Priam had several wives, the primary one Hecuba, daughter of Dymas or Cisseus, and several concubines, who bore his children. There is no exhaustive list, but many of them are mentioned in various Greek myths.

The three main sources for the names of the children of Priam are: Homer's Iliad, where a number of his sons are briefly mentioned among the defenders of Troy; and two lists in the Bibliotheca and Hyginus' Fabulae. Some of the daughters taken captive at the end of the war are mentioned by Pausanias, who in his turn refers to paintings by Polygnotus in the Lesche of Delphi.

These are summarized by author below.

Sons[edit]

Name Mentioned by Homer Mentioned by Apollodorus Mentioned by Hyginus Mother, if known Notes
Hector Yes Yes Yes Hecuba Central Trojan hero in Trojan War; heir apparent; killed by Achilles, who attached Hector's body to carriage and dragged it around city.
Paris Yes Yes Yes Hecuba Raised as a shepherd; his abduction of Helen launched the Trojan War; killed by Philoctetes.
Deiphobus Yes Yes Yes Hecuba Maybe the most cunning of Trojan princes, married Helen after Paris' death. He was slain during the sack of Troy by Odysseus and/or Menelaus.
Helenus Yes Yes Yes Hecuba The twin of Cassandra and, like his sister, a seer. Lost out to Deiphobus in competing for the hand of Helen after Paris' death. Later marries Andromache.
Polydorus Yes Yes Yes Hecuba Killed by King Polymestor of Thrace during or after the Fall of Troy
Troilus Yes Yes Yes Hecuba Possibly fathered by Apollo
Polites Yes Yes Yes Hecuba Killed by Neoptolemus when Troy was sacked
Hippothous Yes Yes Yes
Kebriones Yes Yes Yes Killed by Patroclus with a stone
Gorgythion Yes Yes Yes Castianeira Killed in battle by Teucer, whose arrow was aimed at Hector
Agathon Yes Yes Yes
Mestor Yes Yes Yes Killed by Achilles
Chromius Yes Yes Yes Killed by Diomedes
Doryclus Yes Yes Yes Killed by Ajax
Democoon Yes Yes Yes Killed by Odysseus in his rage of a lost comrade at the spear of Antiphus
Antiphus Yes Yes No Hecuba Killed by Agamemnon
Lycaon Yes Yes No Laothoe Killed by Achilles
Pammon Yes Yes No Hecuba Killed by Neoptolemus when Troy was sacked
Dius Yes No Yes
Isus Yes No No Killed by Agamemnon
Antiphonus Yes No No Killed by Neoptolemus when Troy was sacked
Echemmon Yes No No Killed by Diomedes
Archemachus No Yes Yes
Aretus No Yes Yes Killed by a spear from Automedon
Ascanius No Yes Yes
Deiopites No Yes Yes Killed by Meges when Troy was sacked
Dryops No Yes Yes Killed by Achilles
Evagoras No Yes Yes
Evander No Yes Yes
Polymedon No Yes Yes
Aegeoneus No Yes No
Aesacus No Yes No Arisbe or Alexirhoe Turned into a diving bird
Astygonus No Yes No
Atas No Yes No
Bias No Yes No
Chersidamas No Yes No Killed by Odysseus
Clonius No Yes No
Echephron No Yes No
Glaucus No Yes No
Hippodamas No Yes No Killed by Achilles
Hipponous No Yes No Hecuba Killed by Achilles just before the latter's death
Hyperion No Yes No
Hyperochus No Yes Yes
Idomeneus No Yes No
Laodocus No Yes No
Lysithous No Yes No
Melanippus No Yes No Shot to death by Teucer
Mylius No Yes No
Philaemon No Yes No
Telestas No Yes No
Antinous No No Yes
Astynomus No No Yes
Axion No No Yes Killed by Eurypylus
Biantes No No Yes
Brissonius No No Yes
Cheirodamas No No Yes
Chrysolaus No No Yes
Dolon No No Yes
Eresus No No Yes
Hero(n) No No Yes
Hippasus No No Yes
Hipposidus No No Yes
Ilagus No No Yes
Lysides No No Yes
Palaemon No No Yes
Polymelus No No Yes
Proneos No No Yes
Protodamas No No Yes

Daughters[edit]

Name Mentioned by Homer Mentioned by Apollodorus Mentioned by Hyginus Mentioned by Pausanias Mother, if known Notes
Cassandra Yes Yes Yes Yes Hecuba Priestess of Apollo, by him given the gift of prophecy, but cursed never to be believed
Laodice Yes Yes Yes Yes Hecuba Homer calls her the most beautiful of Priam's daughters
Medesicaste Yes Yes Yes Yes An illegitimate daughter; was married to Imbrius
Creusa No Yes Yes Yes Married to Aeneas
Medusa No Yes Yes Yes
Aristomache No No No Yes Was married to Critolaus, son of Hicetaon
Aristodeme No Yes No No
Lysimache No Yes No No
Polyxena No Yes No Yes Hecuba Sacrificed on Achilles's tomb to cause a wind back to Greece
Demnosia No No Yes No
Demosthea No No Yes No
Ethionome No No Yes No
Henicea No No Yes No
Iliona No No Yes No
Lysianassa No No Yes No
Nereis No No Yes No
Phegea No No Yes No
Philomela No No Yes No

Pausanias enlists several more Trojan captive women, who may or may not be daughters of Priam: Clymene, Xenodice, Deinome, Metioche, Peisis, Cleodice. He remarks, however, that of these only Clymene and Deinome were mentioned in literary sources known to him, and that the rest of the names could have been invented by Polygnotus.

Notes[edit]

  • Aeneas - who later led the survivors of Troy - was not a son of Priam, but his father Anchises was Priam's second cousin, making Aeneas Priam's second cousin once removed. Aeneas did, however, marry Priam's daughter Creusa, making him a son-in-law of Priam. Ascanius, the son of Aeneas and Creusa, was himself the ancestor of Romulus and Remus.
  • According to Homer:
    • Lycaon is the son of Laothoe.
    • Gorgythion is the son of Castianeira.
  • According to Apollodorus:
    • Aesacus's mother is Arisbe, daughter of Merops.
    • Hecuba, daughter of Dymas is the mother of Hector, Paris, Deiphobus, Helenus, Pammon, Polites, Antiphus, Hipponous, Polydorus, and Troilus (Troilus may be the son of Apollo) Laodice, Polyxena, Cassandra, Creusa.
  • In Mozart's opera, Idomeneo, Ilia is mentioned as another daughter of Priam.

References[edit]